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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, September 09, 1918, Image 1

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????QpH^Jiaae , ? '?|~?-jrv??a"ii''?>iaa .
BE PATWOTIC?_M Btrwap-pw
effioeat?y. When yon have fin
?bed reading .your copy of n>e
Washi_gto_ Herald, hard it to gome
person who hag not t> sn one Make
each copy d_ doable duty in wartime
and help ?are paper.
NO. 43,36
ONE CKN'T '? -".????!?? ..? ?.barb?.
UA?l '-??-^ l El?vrwb?. Tw. Cea??.
NEW FRANCO-YANK SHOVE
NEAR RHEIMS SIGNIHCANT;
ECONOMIC GAIN IN DRIVES
Pershing's Force Evidently
Distributed All Along
Front Line.
AIMING AT ST. QUENTIN
Armies Converge ir Three
Directions on This
Vital Point.
FALL OF LILLE WILL FOLLOW
Breaking of Hindenburg Line Will
Render Industrial City Un
tenable to Hun?.
The new? of keenest and mo?t slat
niftcant interest to the army ?taff
here is that which reveals that there
ia a forward movement of Fr?nch
and American?, evidently in great
force, toward? the Southern end of
tabe Hindenburg line.
Thi? offensive developed in a alngl?
night and at a place between Conde
end Rheima. where It wa? supposed
for the past ten day? that the Ger
mans warre already prepared to fall
back on the Hindenburg line.
It now ts evident that when the
French and Americana drove the Ger
man? over the Marne near Dorm?n?
and Possy in July, heavy German
force? remained until Saturday, when
they wee attacked by the French and
' the Americans.
Incidentally it demonstra t<? that
Gen. Pershing has distributed his ag
gregate forces all along the Une.
either in the front ranks alone or
fighting shoulder to shoulder with the
French and English, instead of con
centrare, them, a? alleged, for an
all-Amcican drive at some new point.
Army officers pointed out yesterday
that there was only one new point
and that Pershing not only Ida
substantial force there hut rushed up
re-lnforcements from near at hand
to the assistance of the French and
American? who began the thrust be
tween Conde and Rheims. ,
AI??y? the Americane.
It la alway? the American? now,
?ay the officers here with rerdonable
IBM?, when a new tiling is to be
done, ?ince the beginning of tbe ]
preeent counter offensive.
There Is of course the understand- '
Ing that the new offensive was order- j
ed by Gen. Foch to link up that part I
of the Pershing and Trench army in
the Rheims sector with the advanc
ing allies and Americans who are
heading off the Hindenburg line with
the ultimate view of concentratin,
on St. Quentin.
The scheme of the general battle
now therefore Is:
First?The Just developed assault on
th? German army holding the
Rheims ?ection of the Hindenburg
, line.
Second?The American and French
advance over the Aisne towards Laon;
Thlrd-The French and English,
whose wins? are Joined, pushing
on towards La Fere;
Fourth?The British and Canadians
forging ahead a;ain?t Douai and
Cambrai, having crossed the Pomme
and in part the Canal du Nord:
Fifth?The extreme northern activi
ties of the British and American? In
the old Ypres sector.
Tknast at S?. Qaeatla.
The main objective of the whole
movement is the breaking of the
?trongest and vital part of the Hin
denburg line et St. Quentin. The
fall of Lilis is the immediate objec
tive of the British operating south
of Cambrai and north of that city in
the Ypres sector. The continued
advance of the British and Ameri
cans menacing Lille may make it
untenable by that plan alone, but
staff officers say that it? capture
will be Inevitable If the Hinden
burg lin? i? broken at St. Quentin.
Gen. Foch Is using both plan?; that
1?. th? British are being sent for
ward via Cambrai and Douai, a-d
ac the ?ame time the laat accounts
?how that the Brttiah ar? moving
southeast to connect with the
French and Americans pushing on
via La Fere to take St. Q entin In
flank.
Th? Immediate operation which
will hold the stage for the next ten
day? Is tbe signal misterstrok? of
Gen. Foch in novlng thr ? great ar
mies converging on St. Quentin. It?
fall will paralyze the transportation
system of the Germans and force
not only a retreat, but a rout, be
cause if the Germans stand at St.
Quentin aad fight to retain it. when
they les? the allies will be In posi
tion to follow the retreat Incessant
BAKER MAY STAY
OVER INDEFINITELY
U S Seeds Representative of High
Authority in War Council.
"The American army is in France.
Wherever the headquarters of th?
American army may be. there is the
headquarters of the War Depart
ment. Secretary Baker's .-atay In
France Is regarded a? indefinite."
Thl? comment by a high official
last night bear? out the reports
?bout the War Department when it
aerarne known that Secretary Baker
w_? to a-ail for his seond vljit to
Fi?nce. On hi? last trip it was a
surprise that he returned to the
"nited State? so early, but It was
?fterward? learned that he had
"ound over there some matters
?hich could better be dealt with By
Ils presence at home rath.r than
?broad.
On this trip, the Secretary'? stay
_ Indennlte. This Is plain from
??ay order? that have been given
? the War Department, and from
:he f?c that <he United State?, in
Jie later-allied council and in the
?onference? that mu?t folio? the
orwaid movement of the allied
roop?. mu?t be represented by a
lurerior off! -lai who nas not the
imitation? o? an -.Ulcer In con-iaand
<f troop?.
Every Yard of Ground Won
Means Lighter Burden
for U. S.
RESOURCES AVAILABLE
Falsity in Hun Claim That
Surrendered Land
Is Waste.?
WILL RELEASE COAL SHIPS
Capture of Lens and Other Mineral
Deposits Will Bring Relief
to France, ? '
Every yard of the -allied troops
advance on . the . Western front, es
pecially to and beyond the Hinden
burg line, make? lighter th? burden
of the United Statea ln the war.
While no capital has higher hopes
of an early disaster to the German
war machine than Waah'incton, the
economic victories that are being
registered almost daily by the re
covery of terrain from German oc
cupation are of paramount Interest
to h<gh officials.
Chairman Edward ? Hurley, of
the United States Shipping Board.
rinds a telling victory almost daily
in the progresa of American. British
and French troops. The lines as
they envelop a town or a district!
?pell more to him than to the
patriotic cltisen who see? in the ad
vance merely the demonstration of
the courage and ?uperiority of the
allied troop? and the master
strategy of Foch.
The German high command, which
made the supreme effort and sacri
fice at the reckles? expenditure of
live? to gain the territory which 1?
now being ?ullenly evacuated, now
put? .forward the false claim that
the reconquered territory, and that
lying Just beyond the present Ger
man line, ia ?o withered by the
flame of battle and barren of re
source as to be of no valu? to
themielve? or the allies.
Harlry see? Relief.
Chairman Hurley, faced by the stu
pendous task of lindi? shipping tot
transport the army of ?.OOMWe ??en
cans to France, to support that army j
and to supply food ?nd munition? to .
the allie?, find? new and needed I
strength for the alii?? in almost every I
foot of reconquered ter? tory, no mat- j
ter harr the Huns have laid It waste. '
The ( ture of Lens, if it has not
already been accomplished, i? only a
matter of a few days, nnd that will
bring the coal-bearing lands of that
territory ? ithin the allied lines. That
means the release of ?htppjng now
employed to transport coal from
Wales to France.
There is no doubt that the Ger
mans will make every effort to In
flict the greatest damage possible to
the coal mines which they have been
operating for their own benefit, but
the coal deposits cannot be destroyed.
Rich Coal aad Ore Fields.
Kot far back of t',.e Hindenburg line,
and in the direction pointed by the
wedges now being hammered home hy
the allied'troop.?*, lie rich coal and ore
fields, natural centers of war industry
and of railway communication. If
these too. a? ?eems probable, fall Into
the hand? of the allied troop? ln tbe
present drive, one of the greatest
problems of the war will have been
solved for the allies and Its burden
thrown upon the German high com
mand.
Man-power has not been tbe one
great problem of the war, and the
aid of America's strength in wealth
and resources was felt in the war Ion??
before sh?? had put a single division
tn the field.
Now -the situation Is rapidly chang
ing. America is furnishing the men
power needed for the fighting force?;
the submarines are gradually being
conquered; France can releaae from
her fighting lines men to dig for coal
and Iron, to man war Industries and
to till the fields, and the tonnage that
ha? been supplying the necessary raw
materials will be released for the
longer routes of tnde that will bring
ample supplies of food and war mate
rial from remoter countries open only
to the allies, and/Will permit the
United States to husband her re
sources fer her own fighting forces
and for the people at home. ? ?
The taking of Lille will be the mas
ter stroke of this all important eco
nomic side of the present campaign,
and by Chairman Hurley and other
high officials In Washington will be
regarded as irrest and final a victory
? as the great military disaster to Ger
I many, which it will bring nearer than
ever before.
AMERICAN CONSUL
SAFE AT STOCKHOLM
Arrives There from Moscow After
Dangerous Trip.
Copenhagen, via I_indon. Sept. 4
After a trip of hardships and constan.
danger to their lives the members of
th? .\mer:can and Italian legations
, In Russia have at lasl arrived In
I Stockholm.
Krank Lee.'who wa? American vice
! consul at Moscow, told the corre
j spondents ?p his arrival that the Bol
iheviki authorities did their utmost
I to delay the departure of the lega
? tlon staff.? anil that they tefuaed to
releas, the British and French con
fu??. The American con?ul general,
he ?aid. refused to leave before the
British and French consuls were re
leased and he Is still In Moscow.
The train carrying the lesatlon and
consular officials and ,!M)0 refugees
from Moscow was stopped at Petro
grad on August _j and the passen
gers were imprisoned for four days.
While held captives th?y heard wild
disturbances. marked by consta?t
?hot?, in the streets.
According to Lee. the Clecho-Slo
vaks are popular with the Russian
masse?. The power of the Bolsheviki.
on the other hand, is steadily decltn
iets.
The attempt ? form an entire new
Red army failed completely. Lee
a .'?erta.
35 KILLED ON
MT.YERNO? AS
TORPEDO HITS
Toll Taken Among Crew as
U-Boat Attacks Former
German Liner.
J. HAM LEWIS ABOARD
Great American Transport
Puts Back Into Port Un
der Own Power.
Thirty-five persons, prlnelpally mem
bers of the flreroom crew of the Mt.
Vernon, formerly th? German llner
Kronprlnie??in Cecile; were killed |
when tne ?hip was struck by a tor- |
pedo Thursday last 200 mile? off the
French coast, it was announced yes
tetrday by the Navy Department.
The offclal announcement ?tales
that Senator .lame Hamilton Lewis,
of llllont?. wa? one of the passengers
and Is among those reported safely
landed.
Hearty Vaterland** Capacity.
The Mt. Veinon Is one of the great
German ?hip? taken over by the
i'nited States and haa been used as ?
a transport. She was on her return
to the United State? when ?truck.
The estimate of her carrying capacity I
as a, troop ship pieces it as near that
of thi old Vaterland.
The new? that bo many of the ?hip's
complement had been killed was a
great surpri.e to the navy officials ras
tne first ra'ports indicated that there
were no casualties. The belief that
there were no fataMtle?^ however.
wa? based principali?/ on' the fact
that the Mt. Vernon wa? able to pi.t
back Into port under her own ?team
and at a fourteen knot clip, which
was an indication that she had no?
been hit in a vital part so far as
her motive power wa? concerned ? he
official dispatch, however, states that
"the torpedo struck the ship on the
starboard side, flooding No. 4 fre
roem, but the extent of the tlarnago
i? not stated."
Naval expert? say that even grant
ing that ?he wa? hit hard at the
place stated, being a great vessel,
she had sufficient flotatio?! left nnd
engines forward that i.oul-1 account
for her evident dash away from the
submarine. There Is nothing, how
ever, from officisi sources to ?how
whether she was pursued ?nd ?hc.Ued
oi whether the convoy came to thej
rescue and drove ?? the enemy. It
is believed. notwithstanding the fact
that the Navy Uepartme'it does not |
give the extent of the damage, that
the Mt. Vernon's wounds are_not so
serious as to prevent her froni* taking
her place ?gr.ln at an early dale with
the transport fleet.
-Mark ruin netlMa
There Is only fa tbeorv to explain
rtow the ?uhmarlne Could have ap
proached the Mt. Vernon clos-3 enoi'ghl
to have launched the torpedo. Some ?
official? believe that ?he trusted to
her trreat ?peed and to her very' large |
armed guard, probably ?3, to ?ave
her under any and all circumstances. I
The fact? given out by the Navy
Department are however eo meager
that there Is only a choice between I
theories. The important consideration |
is that the ship was not only not
sunk, but that all the evidence is that
she may undergo Quick repairing in
a foreign port.
First With Senater ?.henni
Thi? I'nited States transport I? the
first of the big United Sutes ship?
to be hit while a Senator o. other dis
tinguished o Hela I was on hoard.
When she was obliged to return to
the I'nited States upon the declara
tion of war she had on board among
her passeniteis Representative Rich
ard Bartholdt. of Miaso'iri.
The Mount Vernon h?s an Interest
ing history. As the Kronprinzessin
Cecelle she vas a well-known liner
plying between American snd Eng
lish and French port?. On her last
attempted trip to Cherbourg and
Plymouth she was caught at sea
by the declaration of war against
Germany. She had on board a con
signment of bold bars and coin val
ued at tl.000.2CO0. for account In Eu
rope. The agents of the ?hip in Ger
mana ?ent her a code message which
apparently referred only to a mem
ber of the family of the captain of
the vessel. Jt wa? understood, how
ever, and the ship turned back. Sh?
was lost for severs days, and It
was supposed that ?he had been cap
tured by one of the cruisers of th?
British North Atlantic squadron. A?
a matter of fact, her course would
take her near the cruising areas ot
British ships ot war. She. however,
maneuvered out of eight and took
advantage of a fog to dash back
reckleasly to the United States
coast She loomed out of a fog on?
morning off Ber Harbor and was
safely within tne three-mile limit of
the United States. She w?. watched
continually by the British ani French
cruisers and so successfully that sh?
CONTINTJaCD ON ???? TWO. ?
BAKER LANDS
OVERSEAS FOR
SECOND TIE
Secretary of War in France
with Members of His
Department.
VOYAGeITn TRANSPORT
Official Mission Includes
New Chief of U.S. Air
craft Production.
?Secretary of War Newton D Baker
has arrived safely tn France, the
War Department announced Iftftt
night. He waa accompanied by a
party of War ?Department officials.
The Secretar> a trip, the ?'rond he
has made to Europe this year, was
made aboard a transport which ear
ried the usual quota of United States
troops.
Th? official announcement foliows
'The Secretary ot War haa ?airtved
tn France on official business. News
of the safe arrival of Mr. Baker and
an official party waa received at the
, War" Department today The voyage
was made aboard a transport which
carried the usual quota of United
States troops. The Secretary was a c
, companied by Mr John D. Ryan. Sec
ond Assistant Secretary o." War -idl
lector of aeronautica): MaJ. Gen. W.
C O or gas. Surgeon General of the
army; F rig. Omn. Frank T. Htnes.
chief of the embarkation service, and
1 Lieut. Col. George H. Baird. military
aid to the Secretary of War.'"
Trip Fi? Kiir?* r H iMportaat.
Before Secretary Baker left for
Europe he Mated informally that
when the personnel of his party be
came known tbe importance of the
trip would bo disclosed as IT auto
matically. The object is accelerated
acceleration and high-power expan
sion in war munitions and men.
It was known ?hat Mr. Edward R.
Stettlnius, former Second Assistant
Secretary of War and recently re
lieved of these duties in order to gt\e
his entire time to army -work In
France, had precedcii the Secretary
abroad. Mr. Stettintus is vested with
extraordinary powers over supplies
and general service behind the lines.
One of the most important mem
bers of the Secretary'-i party clearly
is John D- Rx*an, who only recently
was given almost unlimited author
ity over both aircraft production and
the practical application of airplanes
in war-time. The supply of aircraft
for the present million and a half
men of Pershing's army and its
future four million Is the greatest
problem in the way of supply that
confronts the War Department.
itatcs Plana,
ever with the exact
knowledge of the production capacity
in this country, and he and Mr. Stet
tlnius wilt be able to advise Gen.
Ptrshing just what may be expected,
and when, in the way of the required
number of machines for the ultimate
American army of from four to five
million men.
The ?-pesence of On. Hines is almost
self-explanatory. There have been
from time to time reporta that there
was unnecessary congestion at English
and French docks. It was understood
here last night that if It be possible
Gen. Hines will suggest some means
Thereby -alien the United Statea be
gins to send overseas the finished pro
duct of the new draft the record of
285.000 men a month to France will be
broken.
The War Department, In fact. Is
committed to a policy of having on
the Western front eighty divisions bv
July I. mt. The work of Gen. Hines
rill deal with that demand of the
General Staff as a problem that must
be met.
Increaae Hospital Facilities.
Similarly, the visit of Gen. Gorgas
"has to do with the vast Increase of
the army tn the near future and the
consequently necessary increase in
the hospital facilities. It la likely
that Gen. Gorges will select new
altes for new hospital buildings
rather than advi.se enlargement of
the existing facilities by multipli
cation or beds in any one Institu
tion. Tn many cases where the
Urlted Stat??? hn ? rented French
private bui!Unga the capacity now
is at maximum ?se.
The greater part of the new con
struction work, whether for hos
pitals or supply depots, undoubtedly
will be in .what are known as the
American sectors. The*o sectors,
extend from the Swig? border to the
sea.
Ara. F?r?L
Sfr. Ryan went nv,
British Down Eight Han Pluci.
London. Sept. ft.??? ?ht German
piene? wore shot down by the Brit
ish yesterday the War Office an
nounced tonight. A hostile halloon
also w.as destroy*d Three British
machines are missing. Thirteen
tons of bombs we?**-*? dropped on var
ious German targets. All of the
ttrttlsh night hnmhing machines re
turned safely.
St Louis Man Goes Over
There to Get Into Army
London. Sept. S.? Charles Armstrong
Holme?, of St. Loui?. wa? over tb?
age but anxious to fight He is now
ln the war.
To get in. he accomplished a feat
apparently Impossible and probably
not done by anyone els? since Amer
ica entered the war He should have
been ?hot and Imprisoned, or at lea?t
deported, but his transparent hon
esty anal burning patriotism won all.
hearts for him. t The result ?howed
that even the military machine has
a soul.
"Charlee came into my office un
washed and unstitven. No collar on.
his clothes in lag?. He qutetly an
nounced be ?anted to fight." ?a!, ft'
recruiting officer.
He ?eomed overwhelmed by the ?tu
pidity of the recruiting official? ?the
ivbuldn't take him.
"Why?' I asked.
DM.?. *- -.?-??
^Because I v? no papera What
do paper? matter? I want to kill
Germane." he explained further im
patiently, that being Juat over the
?ge he couldn't enlist at Home. He
added:
"Every man's duty I? to be in
Franc?, so I Ju?t came."
He ame as a stowaway. It Is a
thrilling ?tory how h? eluded tb?
guards on both ?idea of th? At
lantic, but it can't b* told for tha
present because it would be unwl??
to "tip off" people less patriotic
than Helms how ?uch ? ?tunt ia
possible.
I gave him a ?hlrt snd a collar
ar.i took him to th? American
authorities. They wer? all Inter
ested In his case. bi)t th? rule? of
the aef???e of the r?alni act mad?
things look black for poor Holme?,
who on our advice gav? himself up
to th? polle?.
?Magl.tr?!? Meut?, rreeedea?.
-.?hin th? Brltle- m?gi?trat?
heard th? ?tory hat laughed. It w??
the first tira?, official? told me. that
a magistrat? had laughed In that
court In forty y?ar?. He fined
Helme? 100 peun?? ($500) and com
mitted him to Jail for ?n Indefinit?
period. . ?
Then, th? law helng ?atlefled. he
told him h? wa? released on parole.
Helme?, overjoy?,, rushed to the
next recruiting office. When he
brought back my ?hlrt and colHr.
i walking proudly int0 my office In,
I Unel? Sam'* uniform, h? wa? th?
' happle?t ??? I ever law.
FRENCH CLOSE IN ON LA FERE;
BRITISH NEARER ST. QUENTIN;
FOE'S RESISTANCE STIFFENS
Teutor. Retreat Slackens as
Army Puts Back
Against Wall.
MONTH FAVORS ALLIES
Believe Enemy Is Prepared
to Defend Ground
Behinjd Lines.
ENTENTE ATTACKS CONTINUE
Haig Report? British Troops Now
in German Area of
Defense.
As an illustration of what has
Inppcned within the last thirty
days it should be said that at
Villcvoque the Germans are near
ly thirty-seven miles to the east
o? Amiens. On August 8 they
stood east of Corbie, only little
more than ten mit?s from that
great allied base.
As this gioriotn month of the
allied triumphal march winds up
the British, French and Americans
are still hammering forward, but
from a clean pursuit the campaign
is changing into a new battle, in
which the (tag apparently means to
defend every foot in a desperate
delaying combat.
Xew British Osili. ?Inde.
The most graphic description of j
what Is happening is contained ini
HaiK's nicht bulletin:
"On the southern Qortion of the
battle front our troops have now en
tered the area of the defensive sys
tem constructed by us prior to the
German March offensive.
"The enemy Is offering Increased
rcsistence along tinse prepared de
fer?"? and ?harp fighting has takxn
yl?c?-loday at a number of point?
But the day again brought the Brit
ish new headway. They are "presi
mi; forward and have gained ground
in the direction of Vermand, Hebe
court and Epehy."
At Villcveque the British .?re to
mxht only Six miles and a quarter
west of St Quentin, the central bul
wark of the t.errnan?* 'last wall."
At St. Emilie they are five and a half
milea southwest of Le Catelet.
Meanwhile the French have ham
mered their way forward in the re
gion of Seivais, south of the Oise,
nnd there they ere less teian two
mile? ?outhwest of ia Fere, another
bastion in (fee German main line of !
resistance.
Further south, where the French
and Americans are driving toward ]
Laon. the southern hinge of the new '
German def?n?e line, a hard struggle
has ?et in. *fh? German? Ujnched
some vicious counter thrusts today,
but they wer? ?rushed In the making.
Fur to th? north. In Flander?.
where the Germen right based on
LIlie, h?? been keeping reluctant
step with th? retreating: center and
left, there were also German coun- j
ter attacks today. These, too. broke!
down. At other points on that
front the British made slight gains.
Nineteen thousand prisoner? were ?
taken by the British alone In the
first week of September. Haig an- ?
nounced tonight.
rteUel Repertrd ( iplnre?.
Relsel, eight miles southweet of Lei
Catelet. 1? unofficially reported In I
Brtt!?h hand?. Front dispatch?? also '
state that th? Ctosat Canal ha? been I
crossed near St. Simon, e.-ht miles j
?Outhwest of St. Quentin. St. Simon!
f?ll to the French yesterday.
Added Indication that Ludendorff
deem? th? hour ripe for a final stand
1? seen in ht? d?y report, which ?ays:
"We are in contact with th? ?nemy
on tbe l.ne Vcrinand-St. 'Simon
Crozat Canal."
A Universal Service staff correspon
dent with the A mei ? cm? "south of the
Alsne confirms tonight what has been ;
?aid in ttieee dispatches for weeka?
?That th? pro?peelhe German stand is
to be made backed on the bulwarks
Douai. Cambrai, \a Catelet, St. Quen
tin. Ia Fere, Laon.
The ensuin, week therefore, ha? in
?tore one of three thing??one of the
fiercest battle? of the war. In which
the German? are resolved to fight to
the la?t ditch, principally In th? fore
field ot Cambrai. St. Quentin and La
Fere, the three bulwark? moat closely
menaced; ?*. virtual discontinuance of
the silled offensive, with Foch con
tenting himself with hl? triumphs ?f
this year until he can strike with
fresh, full force next spring, or an
attack on an entirely new ?cctor a?,
for Instance 'he German extreme left.
In'such an attack Atnerlcens may
again play a leading part.
TURKS' PEACE CRY
CALLS U. S. ENEMY
?_
Speech Imputed to Talaat Pasha
Causes Surprise.
Amitenlani. Sept. ?.?"All our en
cm?)?, including America, vaili short
ly recognise that there |? no sense
In continuing the war."
Taliat Pasha, the Tur?l?h minister
of Interior. I? auoted hy the Vienna
Neue Freie Zeitung at tiavtnf made
th? ?talenient in an Interview, and
aiidins that he was convinced ' fa
orable conditions for pesce will arise
'.lefore winter."
The Turki?h statesman'? alleged
declaration In iiself I? regarded here
as merely another opening gun In the
carefully prepared "pea?e-or-armls
tlce-before-wlnter" campaign cf the
central powers, but his allusion to
America, which he Include? among
"our enemies.' has caused a mild
sensation In diplomatic circle? be
cause of this manifest offense to a
nation that ha? displayed euch long
buffering patience toward Germany,
?tanchly re?l?tlnj stre ig pressure at
bom? ??, a declaration of war.
Germans-Massing
2,500,000 Men on
Long West Front
London. Sept. S.?Th? full
?trength of the German? on the
who!? w??t front la estimated
by a well-Informed authority at
lea? than 2.SOD.000.
The enemy ha? ?r.ga?T?d IM
dl? Minn? ?ine? August 8.
Thirty-two of the?? divUlons
hav? be?Mi u?ed twice; three of
them have fought thrice.
The average ?trength of a
German division Is roughly e?
? Imated at 6,000. When Ihe war
broke out and throughout the
flr?t year of the conflict. It wa?
:9.00o.
INDUSTRY LIST
FOR PRIORITY
RECOMPILED
Supersedes Former Classifi
cations; Defines Essential
and Nonessential Work.
The .priorities division of the War
lnduMri*-s Ro^rd has compiled a new
priorities list wh.ch it declares to be
"the master-key governing the flow
of basis industrial elements to the
irdustriee e?r-n*ia1 to tb? war pro
gram. It supersedes all previous
Hating"
The new priorities list Is not only
to be the guide for priorities In the
supply of raw material ar.d in trans
portation, hut is alen the basis for
the guidance of local boards In ex
emption and deferred classifica* in in
the new draft, and the governing
factor in the distribution ef lai or.
capital, faciliti?*.'', material, iranspor
tat'on and fuel for th*? Industries.
It i? rxrlr-uned that ??** T. ?s fixed
In Ibis crtfex. Includes the*e ?ndua
rriei* deemed of "In fi n ?le Importance
of tks product ?of ..-? ?vH-wr the war
and urgency." whi?h. sgrun trans-1
latcd, me* ? ? that the industries list- |
ed as "Class 1" will have all the,
advantages of priori.? oW?ers in sup-]
ply of raw material, in the trans- ;
portation of finished products, tn the |
deferred ria???? 'fication of labor. In
the granting of loajis or pei-rnission j
to Increase capital stock or make ;
bond issues
The other cIt^scs. TT. TTT and IV,
it ts said, nre so near together that
the line drawn bv the nHoritiea order'
Is hardly to be considered, snd they
are simply held, as a whole, above
non-ei*srntial industries
Fanent ??? riasalteatlan?.
The real rriority list, the industries
coming under the Class I classifica
tion, is s.s follows:
Aircraft, ammunition, army and
navy f ? r sen a Is and navy yard*' ein? '
tonment? and camps?, arms 'small), ;
blast furnaces (producing pic iron),
chemicals -for war purposes?, coke i
(for war pu-poses). domestic consum-j
ere (fuel and electric en?!**y for resi-!
dential purposes. Incluling apart- (
ment houses and hotels!, explosives ?
(for war purposes*, feed, foods, runs
(large1), mines (coal), oil and cas, pub-,
lie institutions and buildings, rail- ?
ways, ships (maintenance, op* ra
tions and shipbuilding), steel-making
furnaces. st<-*el plate mills.
As Class II. the follow.ne have been
listed In the priorities onJer:
Brass snd copper (plants engaged
principally In ro.linr and drawinc
copper, brass and otrer copper alloys
in the form of sheets, rod?, wire and
tubes), coke (not otherwi.se classified?, ?
eran?* (plants entered principally lu
manufacturing locomotive or travel
ing craneal, ferro-alloys, machin*?
tools, mines 'producing metals and
ferro-alloy minerals), railways (not
operated by government., steel rail
UttU,' War and Navy departments
(construction work), wire rope and
rope wire.
Class HI Is as follows!
Chain (plants encased principally in
manufacturing iron snd steel chair.).
domtsttc consumers (fuel and elec
tric energy not otherwise specifically
listed), electrical equipment, explo
sives (not otherwise listed), foods
(not otherwise specifically Hated), ice
mines (plants encaged principally in
manufacturing minirg tools or equip
ment), oil and cas (equipment or
supplies), steel (exclusive of the
taking higher classification), tin
plates, tools (small).
Class 1Y as follows: Rar?, hoots and
shoe? chemicals ?not otherwise clas
sified), cotton, drugs. farm imple
ments, fertilizers. ?re 1>rick. food con
tainers, insecticides and fimgj-cWes.
laundries, new*; pep or s and pi ri ?.di calf,
pulp and ? p*r. soap, t .nners. tan
ning, textile?, tob?ceo, twtne.
'The inclusions of tbe industrirs
and plants on this preference list
docs not operate as an embargo
against all others," the War Indtis
trier Board states, "but the effect
Is to defer the* requirements of all
Other ;nduatrios and plants until the
requirements of those on the prefer
ence? ifet shall have been satisfied
The paramount purpo.se cf priorities
the ?elective mobilization of the
products of the ?oil. the mines and
the factories for direct and indi
rect war peeds in such a way as will
most eff-ectivel" contribute toward
winning the war."
FERDINAND ANNOYED.
Sharp Word? Passed Bcveen the
Kaiser and Bulranan Ciar?
Paris. Sept * ?It was not for pur
poses of mutua ? c-oarfolences that th??
Kaiser and the Csst of 1? ,1 go ria met
the other uay, it now ???"?elops. In
stead of soft express,one of sympathy
for the German reverses m the V"e?tM
Ferdinand and for the latter" ?
badly impaired health by the Kaise
sharp words are said tr> have b-coa
eachansed. ??
Fall of Mennessis Tightens Grip
of French Forces Around
La F
ere.
HAIG PRESSES ON ST. QUENTIN
British Capture More Than Nineteen
Thousand Prisoners in France
During Past Week.
? .._._ . .
Paris, Sept. 8.?The French have captured Mennessis. fire
miles northwest of La Fere, and have reached the St. Quentin
(Crorat) Canal, the war office announce?.
South of the Oise the French progressed in the region of
Servais, Ule statement says. Servais li? les? than two miles
southwest of La Fere.
Futher south (north of the Aisne) the French and Ameri
cans held their positions around Laffaux and Colles against
Germain counter attack?.
Two successful raids were executed in the Champagne,
where prisoners were taken.
BRITISH PRESS NEARER ST. QUENTIN
London, Sept. 8.?With the capture. Ute yesterday, of the villas?**
of Villeveque and St. Err.?e. announced by Field Marshal Haig m
his early report today, tbe British have moved their linei to within
ux miles and a quarter west of St. Quentin (?t Villeveque) and live
and a half mlies of Le Catelet (at St. Emile). This town is the main
?Hindenburg defense line, half way between St. Quentin ana Cambra
Capture of these places marked ' further progress of nearly two miles
en both wings of the attacking line, fronting the St. Quentm-Le Cate
let sector.
The greater part of Havnncourt Vlood. the formidable natorai
position which has been holding up the British advance for days
astride the B-p-ume-Cambrai highroad, alto was captured, Haig an
nounced.
Further headway was made in Fanders. The full text of the
official day report follows:
"By nightfall yesterday our troops had 'akerl Villeveque and St.
Emile and had gained possession of the greater part cf Havnncourt
Weed.
"Local lighting took place yesterday evening and during the night
east of Hermies (west ot Haarincourt) and in the sector west of Ar
mentieres (Flanders) without material change in the situation.
"West of La Basse? our patrols have made further progress in
the enemy's positions." *
NINETEEN THOUSAND PRISONERS TAKEN.
London, -pt. 8.?More than lo.ooo prisoners were taken by
? the British in France during the first week of September, Field
Marshal Haig announces ia his night report.
On the southern part of the British attacking front the state
ment says, the British have entered the arca o? the defensive ?yi
tems constru teej by them prior to the German March offensive.
The Germans rre offering ?nceae'd resistance along these pre
pared defenses and sharp fighting has taken place at a number of
points todaA'.
The British have made progress in the direction of Vermand,
Epehy, and Hcbcscourt. ?
German attacks southwest of Flocgstecrt and east of Wul
vcrghem, in Flanders, were beaten off.
TEUTON RETREAT. ?
London, Sept. 8.?Just a month ,
ago today the real "battle of IQ18"
crashed loose with Rawlinson's
stunning blow to the Teuton army
facing Amiens. Up to that date
I Foch's campaign, begun July 18,
had been a counter offensive.
Every hour of every day and
night since the Germans have
been withdrawing, retreating, flee
ing, with the allied line of attack
gradually spreading to a front of
140 miles, from Ypres to the west
of Rheims.
At last, today, the great Ger
man retreat began to show signs
of a halt. The enemy has his back
t? the wall, a breach of which will
*end him stafjering back to the
Mcusc and the Belgian frontier.
Indications tonight are he means
to avert, or at least to stave off,
?uch a disaster to his armies of
invasion.
Tonight his center stands eist
of the line St. Emille-Villevcquc,
fronting the St. Quentin-le-Catelet
sector of his "wall of fate." Both
places arc in British hands.
Heavy Artillery Action
Along the Piave.
Home, Sept S.? ArM"ery activity
?long the Piave, on the Asiago
Plateau, anil ln the Canonica Val
ley, wa? reporte, in today's War
?fflc? ?tatement.
Italian filer? dropped two ton? of
bom,? on an Austrlsn aerodrome st
Bellune ?n, bombed the villa?? of
jLI'n and a number of import?at
rell dations from a low hei?tit,
Berlin Admits Farther
Falling Back.
Berlin, via 1_?~a???. tapi S.?"S?u*h
I of th? I eronne-Canibrm- road." ?ay?
.o*tajr'* w?r off.cf rt-i'Oit ?vprni
; e_?wn?__."? operation*, ?? _?U back
to west of the 1.ne Gouzeauc
Epeh> -Temp.*aux-.e-Gur>-aid.
"?\atride the Somme we are in cost
tact with the encm.v on the line rast
of Vermand-8t. Simon-Crozat Canal.
'.South t? the Ailette the enemjr
reached our line east of Vsuxaillon.
"West of the line Preroontre-Bran
court and between Vauxaillon and th?
westssot Va illy enemy attacks were re
pulsed."
W. S. S. ORGANIZATION
FUT ON NEW BASIS
Recommendation? by \ anderlip I?
?adopted to Co-ordinate Activitie?.
Change? in th? war aavinara t>r?
ganization to mak? it more direct. y
a part of the Treaaury L>> partment
and li co-ordinate Ita actlritie? with
the liberty loan organization ?ere an?
no-inced by th? Secretary of tie?
Trea?ury yeeterday They are a re
?ult of aucKealiona to S>?cretary Mc
Adoo by Frank A. Vanderllp j rea.
idem of .the National City Bank of
Ne?? "lora, aas? chairman of the Na
tional War Satine? Committee.
At ? re?ent the War Saving? Com
mittee con?t.it? of a chairman an?
four member? ai?pointed by Mr. Mc
Adoo. and ha? *ix regional ?dlrecsora.
each ?uprrvulng activities In two
Viderai Re??'rvr distri? t?. and fifty
i?o State director?, ?ach of a ho a?
directs tbe operation? In hi? Siate.
After a conference be??een V.r.
Vanderlip ansi Mr McAdoo, M? Van?,
dirlip rocommerdid "that tri? war
aavinar? organisation? be re -?*?i.ise?l
to conform to Federal Rewerve Jn
trlct linea, the ?iovrrror of the Keer
eral Re-evr-ve Bank In ea?.n dietrtct
to ha?e general ?ur?orvl?lon over aH
war ???ri?e? attlvitie?. occup> in? Um
?*iim> relat an ?? the w.-r ??Tin.-,
organisa? ion that he now doe? M
tb? liberty loan organisation.
Secretary McAdoo ha? approve?.
the??? re?coa?rinendation? ?? a? l?*u
Int Instrualon? ti the ?jwnor, cf
the Reaerre bank* accordingly He
eipwt? altlmately to consolid?t? th?
war aavsntr? and liberty loan orean
Isa Hum? la otM war loan organ,:a
tlon to hand?? ali war f.naac? acur??
tic*.
' .MI.?..

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