Newspaper Page Text
Today?Fair and slightly warmer.
Highest temperature yesterday, 67;
efficiently When ? ? uve fin
ished reading your copj ot Tb?
Waahington H*v?\? hand it tc nom?
person who has no! seer one Make
each copy do double duty ir wartime
and help save papei
WASHINGTON. D. C. THURSDAY. OCTOBER 10. 1918.
one cent ?.????::^.".TV..!*
)00 PRISONERS AND 300 GUNS
CAPTURED AS CAMBRAI FALLS ;
YANKS BREAK KRIEMHILDE LINE
TO WARN U. S.
To Sound Danger of Fail
ure to Support "Fight
ing Fourth" Loan.
kSK ALL TO BUY NOW
Beg Wealthy to Dig Into
Credit and Capital to
President Wilson may be asked
to warn the people of America ol
the danger of failing to subscrib?
to the fullest to the "Fighting
Fourth" liberty loan.
Washingtonians are urged tc
subscribe promptly and not tc
wait until the last week of the
loan. While the local committee
and the government officials dc
not believe there is any danger ol
the people of the District failing
to subscribe their quota, tbey are
particularly desirous that the Na
tional Capital act quickly as an
example to the rest oi the coun
"Some method must be secured
to awaken the people of America
to the need," was a statement
made at the Treasury Depart
ment yesterday. "The dollars of
the country must be mobilized be
hind our fighting men."
Wealthy people are ?eked to ito
deeper Into their capital and credit
'and not to depend upon their current
income to pay for their bonds. Those
with small or moderate means must
pledge theis future earnings, if the
loan la to go across.
Means of sp?-*eding up the drive In
the various government department.??
were discussed at a meeting ladt night
of the various sub-committee Liberty
loan chairmen, representing the de
partmental, with the Central Liberty
. >'ur.i-?T I ?? .p l|.p-.'.
It la suggested that an army of
volunteer sper.kcrs visit the various
rooms where, the employee work and
make brief loan appeals to them. In
this way the handicap resulting
from the ban against rallies of all
kinds may be partially met, it Is be
Out-of-town corporations with
branch offices In Washington are aid
ing materially Id raising the Die
trict'a quota by placing a portion
of their subs ii*j-ion here. The work
of soliciting theae subscriptions Is
I in charge of John Brewer, chairman
of the Liberty "Loan Subcommittee
on Foreign Subscriptions. Mr. Brewer
announced last night a list of fifty
one concerns which have placed sub
scriptions in Wa*-hlngto?i. The list
shows a total of $828,000.
The sul-acommltt.se on clearance had
practically finished the work of tabu
lating the reporta of the S.000 workers
who made the house-to-house canvass
laat Sunday. With a few scattered
teams yet to be heard from, the total
"Double your aubacrlption" will be
the slogan for the remaining nine
days of the campaign.
Baal? fer SaWerla>tieK.
The basis for subscription to the
new loan should be the third loan
multiplied by two. waa the announce
ment made ln the Treasury loasn re
So far the country aa a whole haa
only taken tip SB per cent of the loan.
Today, with the time allotted for the
drive half over, the national quota
should be over half over also, and yet
the dally reporta continue to fall be
"The loan will be subscribed. The
Amerlcan people will not fail with
victory within our grasp." was th.
statement made at the Treasury De
partment yesterday, "but they mus?
act promptly. Every day that we fall
behind our quota puta a heavier bur
den on the following day."
At an out-of-door rally held In from
of the new Navy Building yeeterday
the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts
of the Navy Department went "over
the top" and subscribed ???,?????,???
over their original quota.
Addresses urging the Importance of
supporting the navy during the pres
ent crisis were made by Representa
tive Padgett. Lieut Commander
Charles O. Mass, recently returned
from France, and Rear Admiral
Cowles. the navy liberty loan officer.
The amount subscribed means that an
average of tl2S each haa been sub
scribed by the bureau.
Membera of the Waiters* Local
Union. No. 781, have raised a total of
?-'.'.'TOO for the Fourth Liberty Loan,
rnd the committee in charge of the
d-lve among the waiters expects to
double this amount before the end or
the campaign. The wa'ters were lib
eral buyers of bonds of the first, sec
ond and third loans, and, are plan
ning to break all records on the
fourth loan. The committee in charge
Is as follows: John Kni?ht, chair
man; A. Acker. J Lasher, B. Lewin
and George Blchlty.
Saturday has been designated by the
Pr?sident as Liberty Day, the anni
versary of the discovery of America
In the proclamation calling upon
?he people of tke country to hnr the
day. President Wilson declared thai
oosmircM) on rae?
German Basic Law Revision
Necessary to Bring Peace?
Only Repudiated Kaiser Can Now Make
Peace, So President's Inquiry of Prin-ce
Max As to AuthorLj for His Proposal
New York, Oct. 9.?Under the constitution of the German tm
pirt the Kaiser hat the exclusive right to make peace.
This fact, not generally known, was pointed to by students of
international relations here tonight as probably the main basis for
President Wilson's wise ?nd far-sighted inquiry of Prince Max of
"The President also feels that he ?s justified in asking -whether
? the imperial chancellor is speaking merely for the constituted authori
ties of the empire who have so far conducted the war."
Passe? Maklna; rawer?.
The authorities to which the Prea
ident refer? are defined In Article II
of- the German constitution, which
"The preaidency of the federation
(of atatea making up the empire) la
to be in the hand? of the King of
Pruasla who beare the title of 'Ger
i man Emperor.'
I The Kaiser has the right to repre
I sent the emp?re Internationally, to
? declare war and conclude peace In
the name of the empire, as wall as
enter Into treaties and other agree
I ments with foreign nations, and to
j appoint and receive ambassadors
? (and ministers).
"Declaration of war In the name
of the empire must be senctloned by
the Bundsrat (Federal Council), ex
1 cept when the emp?rea territory or
| Ita coasts are attacked."
The Kaiser? preroatatlve to con
clude peace la thoroughly Independent
I of the sanction and consent of the
I Bundsrat or Kelchstag.
Leading German Interpreters of the
! constitution have held that a con
| elusion of peace (by the emperor) Is
! sound and valid Internationally and
1 constitutionally, even If the empire's
territory is thereby altered, augirssvnt
ed or reduced
However, when territories acquired
through a treaty of peace are to be
wholly or partly subordinated to ?he
German imperial constitution, then a
constitutional amendment la neces
sary. It was such a law that made
possible the Incorporation In the Ger
man empire of Alsace-IeOrraine.
A conclusion of peace (upon the Em
peror's exclusive authority) which re
duce? the empire'? territory require?
neither the sanction of the Bundesrat
nor that of the Reichstag.
Such are the stipulations of the Ger
House Revenue Bill as Pass
ed Taxes Practically
The tax on automobiles was lower
ed, and practically the entjre schedule
of luxury taxes In the revenue bill as
passed by the Hou?e wa? adopted
by the Senate Finance Committee
yeaterday. The automobile tax was
fixed at I per cent of the aelling
price lnatead of 10 per cent.
The tax on tire?, Inner tube? and
accessories, fixed by the House at
10 per cent. Was also reduced to S
per cent Theae reductions place pas
senger automobiles on the same level
as truck?, trailers and tractors for
the purpose of taxation.
The committee made rapid prog
rese ye?terday and with the excep
tion of the war profits section ha?
disposed of almost every Important
section in the bill.
Clob *rlemhssmi Favored.
The tax on chewing gum was re
duced from ? per cent to 5 per cent
and the tax on club dues was lowered
from to per cent to 10 per cent.
The committee adopted th? House
provision levying a tax of 60 per
cent on theater manager? who ?ell
ticket? for special attractions In ex
ce?? of the regular price?, but lower
???aTIXt'ED ON PAGE THRDt
HUN PROPOSAL NOT
Lataor Fe?deration Chief Cable? Plea
for Stern Action.
Samuel Gompers, head of the I
American Labor Mission now In |
Italy, has cabled from Rome the!
following message to the American
i'ederation of Labor:
"The offer of an armistice Is noth
ing more than another maneuver of
Germany and the Central Powers to
?veaken the solidarity of the allied
democracies and their win to flght
for the destruction of Imperialism,
militarism and autocracy, and there- :
by to patch up a peace that will '.
menace the peace of the world again
v.-hen the German government la
? ven better prepared.
"The German. Austrian and Turk
ish militaristic system must be
heaten and its makeup must know ,
that it has been thoroughly beaten. I
The safety of labor and of the peo
pie generally demand from the Cen
tral Power? their unconditional ?ur- !
render or that their military men
ace be crushed. This Is the 'udg- I
ment of not only the American La
bor Mission now ln Rome but of ?11 I
?vith whom wa hav? ?*?????? la ?j??
man constitution regarding the mak
ing of peace. In the light of these
s'ipulations. experts point out, the
camouflage woven around the German
pea?-? offer appears even more glaring
than it did at the first scanning of the
imperial chancellor's proposal, and
President Wilson's cautious procedure
by countering; lt with the Inquiry
quoted above is seen to be doubly
It Is difficult to see. In these circum
stances, students of the war here,
point out. how the Prince of Baden
can satisfactorily answer the Pcesi
dent's inquiry in any other way than
by setting the machinery in motion
for the abolition or amendment of
Article II to the effect of vesting the
war and peace making right ln the
The hinge and the axle ot that ma
chinery, however, is the Kaiser him
self, for alt laws passed by the Reichs
tag and Bundesrat (in both houses
they must be adopted by an absolute
majority) require promulgation by the
Emperor in order to become effective
and operative. All laws. Incidentally,
after thus promulgated, must be
countersigned by the Imperial Chan
Thus, the President's Inquiry opens
the vista, of the Ktuiu being con-,'
fronted with the necessity of signing ?
away a vital part of his now auto- '
In the developments that are bound
to follow the receipt of President Wil
son's message, therefore, both the
Reichstag and the new chancellor
will be put to the "acid test" ln which -
they will have a chance to prove I
whether they are sincere, and have |
the power to assert their will, to
break the tyrannical might that made j
it possible for one man to plunge the 1
world into flames.
Fuel Administration Will
Not Enforce a Ra
The "motorises 8unday" Is likely to
be with us at least till spring. Gaso
line conservation Is no temporary
need It will be necessary for the
duration of the war, and there Is
much talk of a rationing system to
take the place of the Inequitable
"gasless Sunday," but the Fuel Ad
ministration has no intention of es
tablishing any rationing system.
The need of concentrating every
available barrel of gasoline at Atlan
tic ports for quick shipments overseas
Is too Immediate and will endure, for
the rest of the winter at least, to pre
vent substitution for ths "motorless
Even with a saving of 150,000 bar
rels each Sunday through the opera
tion of the voluntary once-a-week
abstention from motoring east of the ;
Mississippi River, there is no appre
ciable surplus of gasoline on the At-1
Although more than 500.000 barrels of
gasoline have been sent to France for
war uses through the voluntary con
servation, there is not yet established
either there or here a safe marrln of
reserve for victory.
The reserve at the front has been !
so depleted by the unusual demands '
of the turning tide of battle and the '
cr??t activity and advance of the
allies, that, at the time the new war
?temands for gasoline were made on
CONTINUED ON PAOB THR?-*
TURKEY IS TOPPLING,
Crom.-in Empire Standing Now on
One Post Only.
Parts, Oct. 9? "Turkey is abso
lutely toppling.' Henry M< r_-. nthau, I
former United States ambas.-ador to
the Porte, today told a liberty loan
meeting here. "She stood on four
posts?Jerusalem, Bagdad, Damas
cus, and Constantinople." he said.
Three of these posts have been
taken away. It is impossible for
Turkey to stand on one post. Just as
it Is Impossible foi a chair to stand
on* one leg."
- Mr. Morgenthau predicted that
Turkey will fall within a few
weeks, and Austrela shortly after
ward, leaving Germany atandlng ?
alone. He said that Germany al
ready knows she will be defeated
and that the German ambassador at
Constantinople had told him the j
Kaiser was preparine for another
WM. ' ?
May Be Compelled by D C
Authorities to Meet
Needs of Tenants.
BAN PUBLIC MEETINGS
Commissioners Take Step
As Number of Deaths
Landlords refusing to furnish
heat for their tenants are directly
contributing to the spread of the
influenza epidemic, District health
authorities declared yesterday.
"An average temperature of 68
degrees Fahrenheit should be
maintained throughout the day,"
Dr. W. Fowler, District health of
ficer, stated "In cases where
members of the household are
cither old or invalids the average
should be raised to 72 degrees."
It was intimated at the health
office yesterday afternoon that
landlords refusing to heed the
warning of the authorities may be
forced to comply. Capt. Julius I.
Peyser, acting chief of the hous
ing and health divisions of the
War Department, wrote to Com
missioner Brownlow asking that
some action be taken. He stated
that many people in the various
boarding-houses and apartments
throughout the city were acutely
suffering from lack of heat
-?.hr.rnrl?*?. ITr.m r, rl nK -
"Sham. Use profiteer" waa the term
appiastri to such landlords by Commis
"I cannot understand how even the
moat hard-hearted and shameless!
profiteer would take upon himself the ]
responsibility of perhaps sending hv- ;
era! tenant? to untimely grave? by ?
refualng to furnish heat to ?ava a
dollar or two on bis coal Nil."
Even the messt parsimonious land
lord will not need more than the pub
lie warning conveyed throurgh the ?
newspaper?, Mr. Brownlow believes, j
to start hi? furnace fire? and keep
them going so that the tenant may \
have sufficient heat
One casse wa? reports??* to the health
authorities yesterday of a landlord
who had refused to fire hi? furnace
even when requested to do ?o by ten
ants Buffering from the diseaae. It
was stated that one hospital ln the
city had neglected to heat the .build
ings sufficiently during the last few
Outdoor Meeting? Forblateleav,
An order forbidding the holding of
public meetings, gatherings and rallies
of all kinds, both outdoor and Indoor,
was Issued by the Commissioners yes
terday. The order reads as follows:
"Whereas, the epidemic of Influenza
tn the District of Columbia continues
to spread, and, whereas, the Surgeon
General of the United Sutes Public
Health Service and the health officer
of the District of Columbi, have ?id
vised the Commissioner? of the l-M?*
trict of Columbia that public assem
blages, both Indoor and outdoor, con
stitute a public roena??e at this time;
therefore be It ordered by the CTom
mlssioners of the District of Colum
bia, that all public meetings, both in
door and outdoor, be discontinued
from and after 12 o'clock, midnight.
of this day. October ?, 1918. until fur
ther ordered by the Commissioners."
In referring to the order yesterday
afternoon, the following statement
was made at the office of tbe Com
"This order means that outdoor
meetings as well as indoor meet- ?
inga must be discontinued. With re
spect to churchea it means thet all
public aervice? must be discon- :
linued. The church doora may be
kept open to admit peraons deair- 1
ing to enter the churches for their
private devotions, but on no ac- ?
count must public services be held ;
or congregations be permitted to ?
gather A public meeting which Is
prohibited by this order is defined!
to mean any assemblage of persons
Indoors or outdoors who are gath
ered for any common or pre-ar- ?
ranged purpose. It does not, of 1
course, extend to the work of com
mittees or other ordinary and n*?c
??saary business functions which are
not public in their nature.
'The Issuance of this further or- ;
der ha? been made necessary by
th? continued spread of the epi
demic. The Commissioners appre
ciate heartily the co-operation that
has been given them by the people
in their effort? to lessen the effect?
of the epidemic and ask the further |
co-opemtion of every citizen ln
carrying out the letter and the
spirit of this order."
41 Death? la Day.
The disease claimed the largest
QUmbey of deaths yet reporter! at the
health office for a period of twenty
four hour?, from 9 o'clock Tuesday
night to the same hour last night
forty-seven deaths resulting from the
epidemic being reported.
The number of new cases, however,
showed a marked decrease, a? com
pared with the day before. Only l.?s%
new cases wer? ?portassi, ?aSTaJust XJ.7?
Wilson Places War Contin
uation Burden Square
ly Upon Teutons.
ALLIES APPROVE NOTE
Reply to Austrian Proposal
Delayed for the Time
President Wilson's note of in
quiry is now in Germany and all
signs here point to an early reply
from Prince Max of Baden, im
perial German chancellor, to
whom it was addressed.
An early response does not indi- ]
cate eagerness on the part of the
chancellor to answer the Presi
dent's three questions, which have
so abruptly placed the burden of
a continuation of the war on the
central powers. Military neces
sity, the same military necessity
that caused Germany to seek
peace, is the compelling reason.
In addition, the President, it is
understood, is not in a frame of
mind to brook unnecessary delay.
With the full force of the
President's intentions established
in their minds, officials and diplo
mats yesterday afternoon figured
that delay, under the present cir
cumstances, Would be fatal to
Germany. They laid stress on the
fact that the allied, armies are
daily advancing toward German
soil and exacting, on the way,
tremendous losses in life and ma
terial from the enemy.
Another Unit? Cited.
And they also pointed out that
unseemly delay on the part of the
chancellor ln replying to the Presi
dent migbt bring about the final
disillusionment of the German peo
ple. The latter would realise, it
was declared, that the Hohemol
lerns and their military autocracy
were alone responsible for the pro
longation of the war.
Solely ln this respect, lt was seid,
the President's note would sow the
seeds of revolution in Germany, and
in this manner accomplish some
thing for which the entire world
haa been hoping.
The President said so much, or
rather asked so much, in so few
words that the entire capital was
a unit yesterday in pronouncing his
note the most clever diplomatic
move of the war.
Malts Peace O (Tea aal ve.
That he has effectively countered
the German pea?-* offensive there is
no doubt; neither Is there any ques
tion that much midnight oil will be
consumed In Berlin in an attempt to
formulate adequate answers to his in
Upon receipt of the German reply?
which no one believes will be written
in a manner that would allow peace
negotiations to be begun, or rather
enable the President to apply his
fourteen terms?the President is ex
pected to go before Congress with
what will be a message and a reply to
Germany at the same time.
Germany, It is confidently believed,
will be convicted on the words of her
chancellor and the war will go on to
a triumphant finish by the allies.
The President has the entire sup
port of all of the allies In his move,
and early reports are to the effect
that all the allied peoplea realise the
depth of his action. The whole situ
ation, therefore. Is up to the Presi
dent. He fully realises how much de
pends on the outcome, and the prime
reason for the dispatch of his note,
it was Intimated today, .was to clear
the waters for once and all eo the wai
may go on without further interrup
tion by German and Austrian leaders,
who know now what the end will be.
-a* 111 Clear Sitasti??.
The German reply, it was said, will
do either one of two things, lt will
provide information that can be con
strued only as an unconditional sur
render on the part of the central
powers or It will enable the President
to Anally dispose of any intended
forthcoming peace moves If the
latter Is the case, and officials believe
It will be. the allied world can settle
Itself down t? the fact that Mai stai
r'och will be the mai tc whom to
look for peace.
The State Department .rsterday had
no Information regarding Turkey'?
j reported peace bid and no comment
; would be made on the Austrian pre
posai The President, however. Is
expected to hold the Austrian tn;;,'.rii.
ver in abeyance until he haaj?isposed
of the German note.
Official dispatches finfrn Fnunce yes
[ terday, sharing the Pre^tfeiit's dis
I trust of the German note, declared the
belief that the move was; actuated,
not by Germany's desire tjr. ? ? '
?bed and accomplish ?omrthing for
the good of humanitX but to save
aa much of the wfecka;e as ahe
fttlnkj poeetble. /
Allies Make Maximum Advance
of 7 Miles in New Offensive;
110,000 PRISONERS SINCE AUG.
Hindenburg Line Smashed on 35 Mile
Front for Depth of 40 Miles
in Six Weeks.
Lon<ion, Oct. 9.?Cs-tmbrai. the once flourishing ?ndu?
trial city, now a smoulciering heap of ruins, was finally and
completely captured by the British and Americans ttxlay in the
:ourse of a sweeping advance along a thirty-mile front be
tween that wrecked town ano the northeast of St. Qijentin.
rhe Yankees and Britishers plunged ahead betwt-sen four and
?even miles, the maximum advance being made in the ?^ntei,
iv'here they advanced from Villers-Outte-aux. which they cap
tured yesterday, to Busigny, a little more than two mile
southeast of Maretz- Their line tonight runs through Busigny,
and Maretz is outflanked.
They are in the outskirts of Bohain. eleven miles n?*>rth
east of St. Quentin.
Berlin officially admits a breach through the G?7*rmsU
Field Marshal Haig, ? his night report, says his forces are
"advancing rapidly eastward."
10.000 PRISONERS IN DAY.
Ten thousand prisoners and between 100 and 200 gum
were bagged in today's smash. Yesterday 1 1,000 prisoners
and 200 guns were taken, making 21,000 prisoners and at
least 300 guns for two days.
The British line tonight runs from the outskirts of Bohain.
where the allies threaten to cut southeastward toward the
Oise, into the right flank of he German Laon front, through
Busigny, Caudry (seven and a half miles southeast of Cam
brai.) to Cauroir, nearly two and a half miles east of Cambrai
Since August 23 the British, according to Haig's night
report, have broken the Hindenburg line along a thirty-fi*?e*e
mile front to a depth ranging from thirty to forty miles. Amer
icans took an important part in these victories.
Between them the British and Americans have taken since
that date 1 10,000 prisoners and 1,200 guns.
ENEMY BOMBARDED NINETEEN HOURS.
With the American First Army West of the Meute. Oct. 9.?
Attacking at 8:30 o'clock this morning in a thick mist, the American?
smashtrd "Trench Mamalle," one of the strongest portion! of the fa
mous Kriemhilde line, lying on the crest of a strongly wirt-sd hill, south
and southeast of Romagne.
Capture of this trench was followed by our breaking throufk
the whole Kriemhilde position fronting our centers.
a The Germans have no other well-established line for many miles
to the rear.
For fully nineteen hours preceding the infantry smash our gun?
of all calibers blazed away at the powerfully fortified Kriemhilde sys
tem, blowing -lhe strong wire belts to smithereens.
GERMANS RETREAT ON WIDE FRONT.
The inferno of hot metal we sent over forced the Oerman? to
evacuate the whole position.
Today ?Aas the greatest single achievement of thi? ofienaive.
A certain captain is just reporting thus:
"Wc captured a hell of a lot of prisoner?.**
To the eastward, along the Romagne-Cuncl road, the German ma
chine gunners were thickest, and they held up our advance.
Our line at li o'clock tonight runs in a southeasterly direction
from south of Romagne to south of Cunei.
Shell fire tonight is lighting up the sky for miles around.
The battle continues.
Latest reports say we arc ?till progrcsine. pouring through the
breach in the Kriemhilde line up the Andon Valley. The weather ia
clear and favors operations.
!AP PREMIER SENDS K. OF C. AVENUE HUT
MESSAGE TO AMERICA NEARS COMPLETION
Kti Hara Hopes Generous Response Club House on E Street Will Also
to Liberty Loan. Open for Soldier?.
New York. Oct. S - Ket Hara. new Since the Knig-hu of Columbu?
pi ime minister of Japan. today hut un the tr langte on Pennrayl
aenl *hl? flrst mess;??*** to the Amen- i vanta ??,-nuf la* now nearing com
ean people, a me-.?,.*? a ? e wishing auc- pletlon. the "Everybody 'Welcome"
cees to the liberty loan. The cable, ra- sign will soon flaah It? greeting to
ceived on the occasion of Japan*? day uniformed m? ?
In the loan campaign here, said In j t? addition, the local council? of
?part: the Knight? of Columbu? hara
"1 feel certain that the clos? r.nniv r ?, turn over their club house?
which unite? the two nations ?ill I'? ? ???.?: |; .ire-et to the Knight? of
evinced by a Renert*"*Vs response- lo tk, coin? ihus w?r ?ctlTltle? romirilttM
appeal to be made of J??^ _* _ t? .,?. u,.. ?r .oidter. and aallor.
help to free the world fr*orn ?si*?*
sive tyranny." 'md Oils building la aaooti to uaastaasg?
Viscount Kikujiro Ir-hli, J par . -? a complete renovation. Brery co
Ambassador at Wa I, ?, rU.r,. told th? |V,?*,.,,,,, will b? inaialled
crowd? at the eel I ?a tin.: v-rerl- , - - - - ,
can and Japar.e.-a tl pa . .* fe-hilos ?>? *"**" of Olembw ?
shoulder to .hould? in ?p? b.oLhvt-, '"?" -~ '"'"?? u''? " *??*'
hood of arme ?-'?"*"? Ut-air and at other
"Your Stars, and ftnpo? and our where influenaa pressali?.
Rating Sun." be ?aid. "l?v ??.t with retane? acting aa nur??? r
the color? of the other alhvs. are I lias?. One of the??? ?tir
'. ein* rarrceivesd by the RuaUrHan anhabi- curobed to tke dia*?**?*. ?
?un with open arms." *??.<:? laat w???.