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Today?Fair and slightly warmer. Tomorrow?Fair. Highest temperature yesterday, 67; lowest, 37. NO. 4367. ERALD DE PATRIOTIC r> efficiently When ? ? uve fin ished reading your copj ot Tb? Waahington H*v?\? hand it tc nom? person who has no! seer one Make each copy do double duty ir wartime and help save papei WASHINGTON. D. C. THURSDAY. OCTOBER 10. 1918. one cent ?.????::^.".TV..!* ???RL?t?} 27*00.000 ? t \ - 23.000.000 28.000.000 ?6.000,000 23,000.000 24 000.000 21.000,000 19 000,000 I J 17.000.000 22.000.000 20.000.000 18.000.000 15,000.000 J?.9OOM0! 16,000.000 14.000.0Ofl "Q2.000.000 ;i ?.ooo.ooo ioo| - 9,000,000 7.000.000 5.000.000 3 000.000 10.000,000 8.000,000 1.000,000 6.000.000 4.000.000 2.000.000 stmj )00 PRISONERS AND 300 GUNS CAPTURED AS CAMBRAI FALLS ; YANKS BREAK KRIEMHILDE LINE -.-?_ PRESIDENT MAY BE REQUESTED TO WARN U. S. To Sound Danger of Fail ure to Support "Fight ing Fourth" Loan. kSK ALL TO BUY NOW Beg Wealthy to Dig Into Credit and Capital to Meet Needs. President Wilson may be asked to warn the people of America ol the danger of failing to subscrib? to the fullest to the "Fighting Fourth" liberty loan. Washingtonians are urged tc subscribe promptly and not tc wait until the last week of the loan. While the local committee and the government officials dc not believe there is any danger ol the people of the District failing to subscribe their quota, tbey are particularly desirous that the Na tional Capital act quickly as an example to the rest oi the coun try. "Some method must be secured to awaken the people of America to the need," was a statement made at the Treasury Depart ment yesterday. "The dollars of the country must be mobilized be hind our fighting men." Wealthy people are ?eked to ito deeper Into their capital and credit 'and not to depend upon their current income to pay for their bonds. Those with small or moderate means must pledge theis future earnings, if the loan la to go across. Means of sp?-*eding up the drive In the various government department.?? were discussed at a meeting ladt night of the various sub-committee Liberty loan chairmen, representing the de partmental, with the Central Liberty Loan Committee. . >'ur.i-?T I ?? .p l|.p-.'. It la suggested that an army of volunteer sper.kcrs visit the various rooms where, the employee work and make brief loan appeals to them. In this way the handicap resulting from the ban against rallies of all kinds may be partially met, it Is be lieved. Out-of-town corporations with branch offices In Washington are aid ing materially Id raising the Die trict'a quota by placing a portion of their subs ii*j-ion here. The work of soliciting theae subscriptions Is I in charge of John Brewer, chairman of the Liberty "Loan Subcommittee on Foreign Subscriptions. Mr. Brewer announced last night a list of fifty one concerns which have placed sub scriptions in Wa*-hlngto?i. The list shows a total of $828,000. The sul-acommltt.se on clearance had practically finished the work of tabu lating the reporta of the S.000 workers who made the house-to-house canvass laat Sunday. With a few scattered teams yet to be heard from, the total equals ?.<?9.1?0. "Double your aubacrlption" will be the slogan for the remaining nine days of the campaign. Baal? fer SaWerla>tieK. The basis for subscription to the new loan should be the third loan multiplied by two. waa the announce ment made ln the Treasury loasn re view yeaterday. So far the country aa a whole haa only taken tip SB per cent of the loan. Today, with the time allotted for the drive half over, the national quota should be over half over also, and yet the dally reporta continue to fall be hind "The loan will be subscribed. The Amerlcan people will not fail with victory within our grasp." was th. statement made at the Treasury De partment yesterday, "but they mus? act promptly. Every day that we fall behind our quota puta a heavier bur den on the following day." At an out-of-door rally held In from of the new Navy Building yeeterday the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts of the Navy Department went "over the top" and subscribed ???,?????,??? over their original quota. Addresses urging the Importance of supporting the navy during the pres ent crisis were made by Representa tive Padgett. Lieut Commander Charles O. Mass, recently returned from France, and Rear Admiral Cowles. the navy liberty loan officer. The amount subscribed means that an average of tl2S each haa been sub scribed by the bureau. Membera of the Waiters* Local Union. No. 781, have raised a total of ?-'.'.'TOO for the Fourth Liberty Loan, rnd the committee in charge of the d-lve among the waiters expects to double this amount before the end or the campaign. The wa'ters were lib eral buyers of bonds of the first, sec ond and third loans, and, are plan ning to break all records on the fourth loan. The committee in charge Is as follows: John Kni?ht, chair man; A. Acker. J Lasher, B. Lewin and George Blchlty. Saturday has been designated by the Pr?sident as Liberty Day, the anni versary of the discovery of America In the proclamation calling upon ?he people of tke country to hnr the day. President Wilson declared thai oosmircM) on rae? German Basic Law Revision Necessary to Bring Peace? Only Repudiated Kaiser Can Now Make Peace, So President's Inquiry of Prin-ce Max As to AuthorLj for His Proposal Held Significant. New York, Oct. 9.?Under the constitution of the German tm pirt the Kaiser hat the exclusive right to make peace. This fact, not generally known, was pointed to by students of international relations here tonight as probably the main basis for President Wilson's wise ?nd far-sighted inquiry of Prince Max of Baden: "The President also feels that he ?s justified in asking -whether ? the imperial chancellor is speaking merely for the constituted authori ties of the empire who have so far conducted the war." Passe? Maklna; rawer?. The authorities to which the Prea ident refer? are defined In Article II of- the German constitution, which say? 7 "The preaidency of the federation (of atatea making up the empire) la to be in the hand? of the King of Pruasla who beare the title of 'Ger i man Emperor.' I The Kaiser has the right to repre I sent the emp?re Internationally, to ? declare war and conclude peace In the name of the empire, as wall as enter Into treaties and other agree I ments with foreign nations, and to j appoint and receive ambassadors ? (and ministers). "Declaration of war In the name of the empire must be senctloned by the Bundsrat (Federal Council), ex 1 cept when the emp?rea territory or | Ita coasts are attacked." The Kaiser? preroatatlve to con clude peace la thoroughly Independent I of the sanction and consent of the I Bundsrat or Kelchstag. Leading German Interpreters of the ! constitution have held that a con | elusion of peace (by the emperor) Is ! sound and valid Internationally and 1 constitutionally, even If the empire's territory is thereby altered, augirssvnt ed or reduced However, when territories acquired through a treaty of peace are to be wholly or partly subordinated to ?he German imperial constitution, then a constitutional amendment la neces sary. It was such a law that made possible the Incorporation In the Ger man empire of Alsace-IeOrraine. A conclusion of peace (upon the Em peror's exclusive authority) which re duce? the empire'? territory require? neither the sanction of the Bundesrat nor that of the Reichstag. Such are the stipulations of the Ger LUXURY USERS BEAR BURDEN House Revenue Bill as Pass ed Taxes Practically All Staples. The tax on automobiles was lower ed, and practically the entjre schedule of luxury taxes In the revenue bill as passed by the Hou?e wa? adopted by the Senate Finance Committee yeaterday. The automobile tax was fixed at I per cent of the aelling price lnatead of 10 per cent. The tax on tire?, Inner tube? and accessories, fixed by the House at 10 per cent. Was also reduced to S per cent Theae reductions place pas senger automobiles on the same level as truck?, trailers and tractors for the purpose of taxation. The committee made rapid prog rese ye?terday and with the excep tion of the war profits section ha? disposed of almost every Important section in the bill. Clob *rlemhssmi Favored. The tax on chewing gum was re duced from ? per cent to 5 per cent and the tax on club dues was lowered from to per cent to 10 per cent. The committee adopted th? House provision levying a tax of 60 per cent on theater manager? who ?ell ticket? for special attractions In ex ce?? of the regular price?, but lower ???aTIXt'ED ON PAGE THRDt HUN PROPOSAL NOT SINCERE?GOMPERS Lataor Fe?deration Chief Cable? Plea for Stern Action. Samuel Gompers, head of the I American Labor Mission now In | Italy, has cabled from Rome the! following message to the American i'ederation of Labor: "The offer of an armistice Is noth ing more than another maneuver of Germany and the Central Powers to ?veaken the solidarity of the allied democracies and their win to flght for the destruction of Imperialism, militarism and autocracy, and there- : by to patch up a peace that will '. menace the peace of the world again v.-hen the German government la ? ven better prepared. "The German. Austrian and Turk ish militaristic system must be heaten and its makeup must know , that it has been thoroughly beaten. I The safety of labor and of the peo pie generally demand from the Cen tral Power? their unconditional ?ur- ! render or that their military men ace be crushed. This Is the 'udg- I ment of not only the American La bor Mission now ln Rome but of ?11 I ?vith whom wa hav? ?*?????? la ?j?? man constitution regarding the mak ing of peace. In the light of these s'ipulations. experts point out, the camouflage woven around the German pea?-? offer appears even more glaring than it did at the first scanning of the imperial chancellor's proposal, and President Wilson's cautious procedure by countering; lt with the Inquiry quoted above is seen to be doubly Justified. It Is difficult to see. In these circum stances, students of the war here, point out. how the Prince of Baden can satisfactorily answer the Pcesi dent's inquiry in any other way than by setting the machinery in motion for the abolition or amendment of Article II to the effect of vesting the war and peace making right ln the Reichstag. The hinge and the axle ot that ma chinery, however, is the Kaiser him self, for alt laws passed by the Reichs tag and Bundesrat (in both houses they must be adopted by an absolute majority) require promulgation by the Emperor in order to become effective and operative. All laws. Incidentally, after thus promulgated, must be countersigned by the Imperial Chan cellor. Thus, the President's Inquiry opens the vista, of the Ktuiu being con-,' fronted with the necessity of signing ? away a vital part of his now auto- ' cratic power. In the developments that are bound to follow the receipt of President Wil son's message, therefore, both the Reichstag and the new chancellor will be put to the "acid test" ln which - they will have a chance to prove I whether they are sincere, and have | the power to assert their will, to break the tyrannical might that made j it possible for one man to plunge the 1 world into flames. GASOLINELESS SUNDAYS STAY Fuel Administration Will Not Enforce a Ra tioning System. The "motorises 8unday" Is likely to be with us at least till spring. Gaso line conservation Is no temporary need It will be necessary for the duration of the war, and there Is much talk of a rationing system to take the place of the Inequitable "gasless Sunday," but the Fuel Ad ministration has no intention of es tablishing any rationing system. The need of concentrating every available barrel of gasoline at Atlan tic ports for quick shipments overseas Is too Immediate and will endure, for the rest of the winter at least, to pre vent substitution for ths "motorless Sunday" appeal. Even with a saving of 150,000 bar rels each Sunday through the opera tion of the voluntary once-a-week abstention from motoring east of the ; Mississippi River, there is no appre ciable surplus of gasoline on the At-1 lantlc seaboard Although more than 500.000 barrels of gasoline have been sent to France for war uses through the voluntary con servation, there is not yet established either there or here a safe marrln of reserve for victory. The reserve at the front has been ! so depleted by the unusual demands ' of the turning tide of battle and the ' cr??t activity and advance of the allies, that, at the time the new war ?temands for gasoline were made on CONTINUED ON PAOB THR?-* TURKEY IS TOPPLING, MORGENTHAU STATES Crom.-in Empire Standing Now on One Post Only. Parts, Oct. 9? "Turkey is abso lutely toppling.' Henry M< r_-. nthau, I former United States ambas.-ador to the Porte, today told a liberty loan meeting here. "She stood on four posts?Jerusalem, Bagdad, Damas cus, and Constantinople." he said. Three of these posts have been taken away. It is impossible for Turkey to stand on one post. Just as it Is Impossible foi a chair to stand on* one leg." - Mr. Morgenthau predicted that Turkey will fall within a few weeks, and Austrela shortly after ward, leaving Germany atandlng ? alone. He said that Germany al ready knows she will be defeated and that the German ambassador at Constantinople had told him the j Kaiser was preparine for another WM. ' ? LANDLORDS AID EPIDEMIC BY REFUSING HEAT May Be Compelled by D C Authorities to Meet Needs of Tenants. BAN PUBLIC MEETINGS Commissioners Take Step As Number of Deaths Here Increases. Landlords refusing to furnish heat for their tenants are directly contributing to the spread of the influenza epidemic, District health authorities declared yesterday. "An average temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit should be maintained throughout the day," Dr. W. Fowler, District health of ficer, stated "In cases where members of the household are cither old or invalids the average should be raised to 72 degrees." It was intimated at the health office yesterday afternoon that landlords refusing to heed the warning of the authorities may be forced to comply. Capt. Julius I. Peyser, acting chief of the hous ing and health divisions of the War Department, wrote to Com missioner Brownlow asking that some action be taken. He stated that many people in the various boarding-houses and apartments throughout the city were acutely suffering from lack of heat -?.hr.rnrl?*?. ITr.m r, rl nK - "Sham. Use profiteer" waa the term appiastri to such landlords by Commis sioner Brownlow. "I cannot understand how even the moat hard-hearted and shameless! profiteer would take upon himself the ] responsibility of perhaps sending hv- ; era! tenant? to untimely grave? by ? refualng to furnish heat to ?ava a dollar or two on bis coal Nil." Even the messt parsimonious land lord will not need more than the pub lie warning conveyed throurgh the ? newspaper?, Mr. Brownlow believes, j to start hi? furnace fire? and keep them going so that the tenant may \ have sufficient heat One casse wa? reports??* to the health authorities yesterday of a landlord who had refused to fire hi? furnace even when requested to do ?o by ten ants Buffering from the diseaae. It was stated that one hospital ln the city had neglected to heat the .build ings sufficiently during the last few cold days. Outdoor Meeting? Forblateleav, An order forbidding the holding of public meetings, gatherings and rallies of all kinds, both outdoor and Indoor, was Issued by the Commissioners yes terday. The order reads as follows: "Whereas, the epidemic of Influenza tn the District of Columbia continues to spread, and, whereas, the Surgeon General of the United Sutes Public Health Service and the health officer of the District of Columbi, have ?id vised the Commissioner? of the l-M?* trict of Columbia that public assem blages, both Indoor and outdoor, con stitute a public roena??e at this time; therefore be It ordered by the CTom mlssioners of the District of Colum bia, that all public meetings, both in door and outdoor, be discontinued from and after 12 o'clock, midnight. of this day. October ?, 1918. until fur ther ordered by the Commissioners." In referring to the order yesterday afternoon, the following statement was made at the office of tbe Com missioners: "This order means that outdoor meetings as well as indoor meet- ? inga must be discontinued. With re spect to churchea it means thet all public aervice? must be discon- : linued. The church doora may be kept open to admit peraons deair- 1 ing to enter the churches for their private devotions, but on no ac- ? count must public services be held ; or congregations be permitted to ? gather A public meeting which Is prohibited by this order is defined! to mean any assemblage of persons Indoors or outdoors who are gath ered for any common or pre-ar- ? ranged purpose. It does not, of 1 course, extend to the work of com mittees or other ordinary and n*?c ??saary business functions which are not public in their nature. 'The Issuance of this further or- ; der ha? been made necessary by th? continued spread of the epi demic. The Commissioners appre ciate heartily the co-operation that has been given them by the people in their effort? to lessen the effect? of the epidemic and ask the further | co-opemtion of every citizen ln carrying out the letter and the spirit of this order." 41 Death? la Day. The disease claimed the largest QUmbey of deaths yet reporter! at the health office for a period of twenty four hour?, from 9 o'clock Tuesday night to the same hour last night forty-seven deaths resulting from the epidemic being reported. The number of new cases, however, showed a marked decrease, a? com pared with the day before. Only l.?s% new cases wer? ?portassi, ?aSTaJust XJ.7? OU TalssBBtUr. GERMANY NOT EXPECTED TO DELAY REPLY Wilson Places War Contin uation Burden Square ly Upon Teutons. ALLIES APPROVE NOTE Reply to Austrian Proposal Delayed for the Time Being. President Wilson's note of in quiry is now in Germany and all signs here point to an early reply from Prince Max of Baden, im perial German chancellor, to whom it was addressed. An early response does not indi- ] cate eagerness on the part of the chancellor to answer the Presi dent's three questions, which have so abruptly placed the burden of a continuation of the war on the central powers. Military neces sity, the same military necessity that caused Germany to seek peace, is the compelling reason. In addition, the President, it is understood, is not in a frame of mind to brook unnecessary delay. With the full force of the President's intentions established in their minds, officials and diplo mats yesterday afternoon figured that delay, under the present cir cumstances, Would be fatal to Germany. They laid stress on the fact that the allied, armies are daily advancing toward German soil and exacting, on the way, tremendous losses in life and ma terial from the enemy. Another Unit? Cited. And they also pointed out that unseemly delay on the part of the chancellor ln replying to the Presi dent migbt bring about the final disillusionment of the German peo ple. The latter would realise, it was declared, that the Hohemol lerns and their military autocracy were alone responsible for the pro longation of the war. Solely ln this respect, lt was seid, the President's note would sow the seeds of revolution in Germany, and in this manner accomplish some thing for which the entire world haa been hoping. The President said so much, or rather asked so much, in so few words that the entire capital was a unit yesterday in pronouncing his note the most clever diplomatic move of the war. Malts Peace O (Tea aal ve. That he has effectively countered the German pea?-* offensive there is no doubt; neither Is there any ques tion that much midnight oil will be consumed In Berlin in an attempt to formulate adequate answers to his in quiries. Upon receipt of the German reply? which no one believes will be written in a manner that would allow peace negotiations to be begun, or rather enable the President to apply his fourteen terms?the President is ex pected to go before Congress with what will be a message and a reply to Germany at the same time. Germany, It is confidently believed, will be convicted on the words of her chancellor and the war will go on to a triumphant finish by the allies. The President has the entire sup port of all of the allies In his move, and early reports are to the effect that all the allied peoplea realise the depth of his action. The whole situ ation, therefore. Is up to the Presi dent. He fully realises how much de pends on the outcome, and the prime reason for the dispatch of his note, it was Intimated today, .was to clear the waters for once and all eo the wai may go on without further interrup tion by German and Austrian leaders, who know now what the end will be. -a* 111 Clear Sitasti??. The German reply, it was said, will do either one of two things, lt will provide information that can be con strued only as an unconditional sur render on the part of the central powers or It will enable the President to Anally dispose of any intended forthcoming peace moves If the latter Is the case, and officials believe It will be. the allied world can settle Itself down t? the fact that Mai stai r'och will be the mai tc whom to look for peace. The State Department .rsterday had no Information regarding Turkey'? j reported peace bid and no comment ; would be made on the Austrian pre posai The President, however. Is expected to hold the Austrian tn;;,'.rii. ver in abeyance until he haaj?isposed of the German note. Official dispatches finfrn Fnunce yes [ terday, sharing the Pre^tfeiit's dis I trust of the German note, declared the belief that the move was; actuated, not by Germany's desire tjr. ? ? ' ?bed and accomplish ?omrthing for the good of humanitX but to save aa much of the wfecka;e as ahe fttlnkj poeetble. / Allies Make Maximum Advance of 7 Miles in New Offensive; Germans Routed. 110,000 PRISONERS SINCE AUG. Hindenburg Line Smashed on 35 Mile Front for Depth of 40 Miles in Six Weeks. Lon<ion, Oct. 9.?Cs-tmbrai. the once flourishing ?ndu? trial city, now a smoulciering heap of ruins, was finally and completely captured by the British and Americans ttxlay in the :ourse of a sweeping advance along a thirty-mile front be tween that wrecked town ano the northeast of St. Qijentin. rhe Yankees and Britishers plunged ahead betwt-sen four and ?even miles, the maximum advance being made in the ?^ntei, iv'here they advanced from Villers-Outte-aux. which they cap tured yesterday, to Busigny, a little more than two mile southeast of Maretz- Their line tonight runs through Busigny, and Maretz is outflanked. They are in the outskirts of Bohain. eleven miles n?*>rth east of St. Quentin. Berlin officially admits a breach through the G?7*rmsU :enter. Field Marshal Haig, ? his night report, says his forces are "advancing rapidly eastward." 10.000 PRISONERS IN DAY. Ten thousand prisoners and between 100 and 200 gum were bagged in today's smash. Yesterday 1 1,000 prisoners and 200 guns were taken, making 21,000 prisoners and at least 300 guns for two days. The British line tonight runs from the outskirts of Bohain. where the allies threaten to cut southeastward toward the Oise, into the right flank of he German Laon front, through Busigny, Caudry (seven and a half miles southeast of Cam brai.) to Cauroir, nearly two and a half miles east of Cambrai Since August 23 the British, according to Haig's night report, have broken the Hindenburg line along a thirty-fi*?e*e mile front to a depth ranging from thirty to forty miles. Amer icans took an important part in these victories. Between them the British and Americans have taken since that date 1 10,000 prisoners and 1,200 guns. ENEMY BOMBARDED NINETEEN HOURS. With the American First Army West of the Meute. Oct. 9.? Attacking at 8:30 o'clock this morning in a thick mist, the American? smashtrd "Trench Mamalle," one of the strongest portion! of the fa mous Kriemhilde line, lying on the crest of a strongly wirt-sd hill, south and southeast of Romagne. Capture of this trench was followed by our breaking throufk the whole Kriemhilde position fronting our centers. a The Germans have no other well-established line for many miles to the rear. For fully nineteen hours preceding the infantry smash our gun? of all calibers blazed away at the powerfully fortified Kriemhilde sys tem, blowing -lhe strong wire belts to smithereens. GERMANS RETREAT ON WIDE FRONT. The inferno of hot metal we sent over forced the Oerman? to evacuate the whole position. Today ?Aas the greatest single achievement of thi? ofienaive. A certain captain is just reporting thus: "Wc captured a hell of a lot of prisoner?.** To the eastward, along the Romagne-Cuncl road, the German ma chine gunners were thickest, and they held up our advance. Our line at li o'clock tonight runs in a southeasterly direction from south of Romagne to south of Cunei. Shell fire tonight is lighting up the sky for miles around. The battle continues. Latest reports say we arc ?till progrcsine. pouring through the breach in the Kriemhilde line up the Andon Valley. The weather ia clear and favors operations. !AP PREMIER SENDS K. OF C. AVENUE HUT MESSAGE TO AMERICA NEARS COMPLETION Kti Hara Hopes Generous Response Club House on E Street Will Also to Liberty Loan. Open for Soldier?. New York. Oct. S - Ket Hara. new Since the Knig-hu of Columbu? pi ime minister of Japan. today hut un the tr langte on Pennrayl aenl *hl? flrst mess;??*** to the Amen- i vanta ??,-nuf la* now nearing com ean people, a me-.?,.*? a ? e wishing auc- pletlon. the "Everybody 'Welcome" cees to the liberty loan. The cable, ra- sign will soon flaah It? greeting to ceived on the occasion of Japan*? day uniformed m? ? In the loan campaign here, said In j t? addition, the local council? of ?part: the Knight? of Columbu? hara "1 feel certain that the clos? r.nniv r ?, turn over their club house? which unite? the two nations ?ill I'? ? ???.?: |; .ire-et to the Knight? of evinced by a Renert*"*Vs response- lo tk, coin? ihus w?r ?ctlTltle? romirilttM appeal to be made of J??^ _* _ t? .,?. u,.. ?r .oidter. and aallor. help to free the world fr*orn ?si*?* sive tyranny." 'md Oils building la aaooti to uaastaasg? Viscount Kikujiro Ir-hli, J par . -? a complete renovation. Brery co Ambassador at Wa I, ?, rU.r,. told th? |V,?*,.,,,,, will b? inaialled crowd? at the eel I ?a tin.: v-rerl- , - - - - , can and Japar.e.-a tl pa . .* fe-hilos ?>? *"**" of Olembw ? shoulder to .hould? in ?p? b.oLhvt-, '"?" -~ '"'"?? u''? " *??*' hood of arme ?-'?"*"? Ut-air and at other "Your Stars, and ftnpo? and our where influenaa pressali?. Rating Sun." be ?aid. "l?v ??.t with retane? acting aa nur??? r the color? of the other alhvs. are I lias?. One of the??? ?tir '. ein* rarrceivesd by the RuaUrHan anhabi- curobed to tke dia*?**?*. ? ?un with open arms." *??.<:? laat w???.