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America's Historic Answer: "Unconditional Surrender!
THE WEATHER Today?Fair. Tomorrow ? Proba bly rain. Highes temperature yesterday, 65; lowest, 34. ERALD READ Ambassador Morgcn thau's story of Turiti?!?, atrocities, now running in Thr Herald. NO. 4.381. WASHINGTON, D. C. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 24. 1918. OW ?'?-?'? '? WtaseMae-rtes? ??? -ekars* xr.?lj ?. XL?,.? 1 El^wker, Ta.? ( ..ta. "SURRENDER!" ONLY TERMS FOR GERMANY, ACCORDING TO PRESIDENT WILSON'S NOTE; ALLIED ARMIES VICTORIOUS EVERYWHERE VALENCIENNES, STRATEGIC RAIL CENTERS OUR HANDS Allies Press Forward Successfully in Le Cateau Sector in Spite of Nine New German Divisions. SERBIANS NEARING DANUBE Italian Forces Only 40 Miles From Austrian Border?American Troops with French Plunge on Victoriously. London, Oct. 23.?Valenciennes, the great rail center eighteen miles east of Douai, is now completely in British hands, according to latest word from the front. Aj? advance of a mile to a mile and a half on a front of between five and six miles was scared by the British in their new attack on a front of n?early six miles between Solesmes and Le Cateau today. American units aided materially in the attack. NINE HUN DIVISIONS DEFEATED. Nine German divisions opposed the British and America.-..- m this morning's attack betwewen Le Cateau and Solesmes. In spite of the stubborn resistance, the attackers advanced between one and !wo miles along the whole 12-mile front of assault. Two thousand prisoners had been counted late today. I"he Serbians are now only six miles from the Danube, the Serbian legation here announced tonight. The French and Serbians too 3,000 prisoners at lpek. The population of Montenegro is reported rising against its Aus trian oppressors. ITALIANS NEAR AUSTRIA. Koine, Oct. 23.?The Italians clearing Albania art* now less than! iortv miles from the Austrian border, the war office announced today. There was desultory artillery and patrol fighting on the Italian front. With the American First Army, Oct. 23.?The village of Banthe \illr (a little more than four miles west of the Meuse and two miles northwes? of Cunei) was recaptured with comparative case today. The Americans closed in on both sides of the village, debouching irom the Bois de Kappes and the Bois de Bantheville, cutting off the German machine gunnels. Oper Vaccine Available To Army Workers. Announcement haa been mad?? that prophylactic vaccination against pneumonia ie now available to all of fi.-ers. enlisted men .and employe? on duty in the War Department. The Vaft-ccine will be administered at (he Army Medical School. 462 Louisi ana avenue northweat. every after noon except Sunday between A and 4.30 o'clock. The Medical Department en.p.iasizes that thia vicine \a intended to af ford a certain degree of protection 10 health y individuale against pneu monia." It U not intended^ to cure thoae already aick. and it is not ad vised for persons suffering from acute colds or fever. The vaccine now being used is man ufactured by the Army Medi-cai De partment, and is given In a single in jection, tt guards against three type? ot pneumonia Reactions are as a rule rather less pronounced than after anti-typhotd vaccination. College at Elkins, W. Va., ?ns A?ter Flu. Improved influenza conditions at Klkin*. W. Va., made it possible for ?f?avis and Hiking College to reopen last Monday after a suspension of two weeks. All lnfluensa cases among the stu dents of the college have improved. Owing to the suspension of the stu dent activities the final date of en rollment in the S. A. T. C. has been extended by the War Department un til October ? The War Department also permits the course for candidates for lieutenancy to include ten mor? students / - Epidemic Slows Up Railroad Traffic. The effect of the "flu" epidemic, is shown In the report on railroad traffic conditions for the past week. Passenger travel has been light throughout the country and opera tion of trains has been Impaired by sickness of employes. On request of the Food Adminis tration and because of lack of storage facilities In Minneapolis, an individual permit system for the shipment of wheat into that city has been established. This system j has already been in op?ration on! coarse grains. Receipts of wheat there and at oth.fr primary markets! are unusually heavy, being 26. 666.00? bushels for the week, as ? compared with 10,300,000 bushels I last year in the same week. Dur-, \ ing the month nearly 16.000.006 basnets nf grain moved via the! ..ike from Chicago. The permit system has also been j '^tended on grains to the Pacific ' Coast, where grain shipping condi tion? are improved, and instituted at t>V interior markets of Detroit, Cleveland. Cincinnati. Toledo and Buffalo Rerouting of cars on the short lines or the less congested lines has resulted in a saving of 800.000 car miles in the Central Western region alone. Extending thi.? principle, the Di rector General today ordered that outbound traffic be moved via any available road, regardless of the route over which it moved to the point of transit, putting in effect a "universal transit" system. Movement of live stock at Chi cago is reported nearly twice that of last year. '"Flu" Cases Take Jump in New York. New York, Oct. 23.? Spanish influ ! enza today showed a larger increase | of new cases over yesterday's record i than for any twenty-four hours dur I ing the epidemic. Deaths, however, I were fewer. Today's new cases j totalled .S.3M) as against 3,940 yester day, an Increase of 1.450. There were ? 4*>l deaths ss compared with 471 the '? preceding day "There Is no cause for alarm over I the increase." declared Dr. Royal S. , copeland. health commissioner. "Many ? physicians who have been too busy heretofore are now reporting thalr cases. The result Is an apparent In crease." SINKINGS TAKE BIG DROP. U-Boat Losses in September Low est Since 1916. London, Oct. ??Shipping losses due to submarine warfare during Septem ber were smaller than those of any month since A?igust. 1916. the admir alty announce?. The losses were: British. 151.5S8 tons; allied, H8,oor*; neutral. 238.1*00: total. 479.30O tons. British sailings during September ag gregated 7jl?.0?Jl tons. FLIERS DOWN 14 PLANES. Americans jn 36 Combats .Also Bag Enemy Balloon. With the American First Army, Oct. 23.?American flyers fought thirty-six combats with German ma chines today, d*-stroyin(r fourteen enemy planes and one balloon. A bomb dropped from a German plane yesterday wounded three Ger man prisoners in prisoners' cage be hind our front. Fires and explosions continue to the north of our lines. M arm aremai mgwertlmlmg la tke re salt of tmmeieet wM?a Text of President's "Surrender" Note DEPARTMENT OF STATE. October 23. 1918. The Secretary of State makes public the following: From the Secretary of State to the Charge d'Affaires of Switzerland, ad interim, in charge of German interests in the / United States: Department of State, October 23. 1918. Sir: / 1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the twenty-second transmitting a communication under date of the twentieth from the "German Government and to advise you that the President has instructed me to reply thereto as follow?: "Having received the solemn and explicit assurance of the German government that it unreservedly accepts the terms of peace laid down in his address to the Congress of the United States on the eighth of January, 1918, and the prin ciples of settlement enunciated in his subsequent addresses, particularly the address of the twenty-seventh of September, and that it desires to discuss the details of their application, and that this wish and purpose emanate, not from those who have hitherto dictated German policy and conducted the pres ent war on Germany's behalf, but from ministers who speak for the majority of the Reichstag and for an overwhelming majority of the German people; and having received also the explicit promise of the present German government that the humane rules of civilized warfare will be observed both on land and sea by the German armed forces, tibe President of tke United States feels that be cannot decline to hake np with the government with which the Government of the United States is associated the question of an armistice. He deems it his duty to say again, however, that the only armistice he would feel justified in submitting for con sideration would be one which should leave the United States and the powers associated with her in a position to enforce any arrangements that may be entered into and to make a re newal of hostilities on the part of Germany impossible. The President has. therefore, transmitted his correspondence with the present German authorities to the governments with which the Government of the United States is associated as a bellig erent, with the suggestion that, if those governments are dis posed to effect peace upon the terms and principles indicated, their military advisers and the military advisers of the United States be asked to submit to the governments associated against Germany the necessary terms of such an armistice as will fully protect the interests of the peoples involved and ensure to the associated governments the unrestricted power to safeguard and enforce the details of the peace to which the German government has agreed, provided they deem such an armistice possible from the military point of view. Should such terms of armistice be suggested, their acceptance by Germany will afford the best concrete evidence of her unequivocal acceptance of the terms and principles ai peace from which the whole action proceeds. The President would deem himself lacking in can-dour did he not point out in the frankest possible terms the reason why extraordinary safeguards must be demanded. Significant and important as the constitutional changes seem to be which are spoken of by the German foreign secretary in his note of the twentieth of October, it does not appear that the principle of a government responsible to the German people has yet been fully worked out or that any guarantees either exist or are in contemplation that the alterations of principle and of practice now partially agreed upon will be permanent. More over, it does not appear that the heart of the present diffi culty has been reached. It may be that future wars have been brought under the control of the German people, but the pres ent war has not been; and it is with the present war that we are dealing. It is evident that the German people have no means of commanding the acquiescence of the military au thorities of the empire in the popular will that the power of the King of Prussia to control the policy of the empire is un impaired; that the determining initiative still remains wnth those who have hitherto beer, the masters of Germany. Fail ing that the whole peace of the world depends now on plain speaking and straightforward action, the Pres-rOa-jit tirant it his duty to say, without any attempt to soften what may seem harsh words, that the nations of the world do not and can not trust the word of thoae who have hitherto been the mas ters of German policy, and to point out once more that in concluding peace and attempting to undo the infinite injuries and injustice of this war the Government of the United States cannot deal with any but veritable representatives of the Ger man people who have been assured of a genuine constitn tional standing as the real rulers of Germany. If it must deal with the military masters and the monarchica] autocrats of Germany now, or if it is likely to have to deal with them later in regard to the international obligations of the German em pire, it mitt demand, not peace negotiations, but surrender. Nothing can be gained by leaving this essential thing unsaid. Accept, sir, the renewed assurances of my high con sideration. (Signed) ROBERT LANSING. Mr. Frederick Oederlin. Charge d'Affaires of Switzerland, ad interim, In charge of German interests in the United States. President's Reply Wins Approval of Senators Unmistakable Demand of Note for Germany's' Unconditional Surrender Receives Unquali fied Indorsement of Statesmen; Terms End Hope for Early Cessation of Hostilities Is General Belief. The position taken by the President in his latest message to Ger many is extremely gratifying to members of the Senate. Senators to whom the text of the message was communicated last night were outspoken in their praise of its terms and gave it the most unquali fied indorsement. ''Straightforward and satisfactory" was the comment made by; Senator Hitchcock, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, and this sentiment found an earnest echo in the comments made by 1 other Senators. Clears Mlaandcrataaillag. ?> In a general way. the message clears up a great deal of misunder standing amone some of the membere of the Senate as to the -President's purpose in his earlier notes to Ger many. The message has brought to climax the almost universal de press an opinion before reading the text of the President's reply. My position has been and still is, how ever, that we should stand out for unconditional surrender and that there should be no armistice while German forces are on foreign soil mand In the Senate for an un cond?- ? or in a position to renew the war." tional surrender and has satisfied '. hose members of the Senate who have been particularly insistent upon making this demand upon Germany. It la felt, too, that the message ?sweeps away the uncertainty and eva sion which Germany had built up about her overt urea for peace, and lays down again the terms In lan guage which even the rulers of that empire cannot fail to understand. Senator McCumber. of North Da kota, who haa been one of those who sounded the note in the Senate, for unconditional surrender, waa partic ularly pleased that the Preaident had. in effect, stated this in his message, Sem? tar Shkelds. af Trmmramrr ? Member of the Committee on For eign Affairs)?"Inasmuch as I am a member of the Committee on For eign Affaire I would not like to ex Senatar Thomas, of Cola-rado (member of the Foreign Affairs Com mittee)?"This may turn out to be In effect a reference of the whole matter to Marshal Foch, as I advocated a few days ago. when the German note wa,** published. My Impression is that the war will go on. I cannot see how there can he any dealings with the Kaiser or the Hohenxollern regime., except as the result of surender ac cording to my understanding -?f the President's language. It looks as though the Kaiser would ha-ye to ro In any event." Senatttr Reed, af Mtaaaari.?"I heartily concur in the President s position that if we are to deal with the military and monarchia! mas ters of Germany at all it must be on the basta of surrender. Of ?course tbe message holds out an induce ment for the German peoplp them selves, to overthrow these masters. 1 do not think they w-ill do this in the immediate future and my Im pression at this moment is that we will have to continue the fight until Germany is more thoroughly thrash ed up to the point of hex surrender as mentioned by the President." ? Sewater Hltefccerk. ef Nebraska.? Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, received his first information of the text of the Presi dent's message by telephone. "That certainly .sounds straightfor ward and satisfactory" exclaimed Chairman Hitchcock, as extracts ot the unmistakable language employed by the President were read to him. "The answer certainly fills the bill. I am confident it will meet with the approval of the allies and that it will be accorded complete and strong sup. port by the American people. "While we may have some difficulty in understanding what the German notes to us mean, the Germans surely cannot have any difficulty in under standing what the President's notes to them mean. ? "There can be no question about the t answer squarely meeting the situation and its wholehearted approval by the I public. I believe, is bound to follow.' I Semator MsCamker. of Narlh Da I kots.? "I am delighted "with the President's reply. Glad he has brought ? the peace correspondence to the point we all have felt should be its result ?a demand for unconditional surren 1 der. Nothing now can bri ng peace jbut that Germany place herself in the same position as Bulgaria and truat that the United States and the allies I will exact nothing but what Justice ?should demand. The note is a finality; ; when Germany surrenders, then and then only can we talk peace "Germany is not ready for peace yet. The latest utterances of her Chancel lor. Prince Max, have been defiant, in I reference to Alsace-I>orraine, to wan ?ton destruction and atrocities at sea. and even went so far as to prate of liberalising the German form of gov ernment so as to give control to the people, after?not before, but after? | peace comes. ? "President Wilson's note now should 'put an end at once to Germany's at , tempt to gain time for retreat to her j own borders and re-organise.'' ' 9eaat-?r t'mmnereme. of Ohi?.?The ? message is fine. It is quite plain that we can place no faith in tbe 'present rulers of Germany. 1 think it is best that the fighting should go on until the Germans have un? conditionally surrendered. A prema ture peace would be very disap pointing, and the feeling is very general that if the war is not fought out to a complete surrender it will have to be battled out in the near future." Senator iHfTB?n. *f \?f?rtii ? ?ire Ila???"It is the greatest note yet. It Is frank and lets the German people know exactly how we stand. It Is surrender or abdicate. I do not aee how there can be any possible mis understand ins; of the President's Arm position after reading this reply." Srumiar < trtU, of ?? tasas.?*? "It Is unwise to deal with those we sus pect. I am glad the President has advised the Hohenaollerns that noth ing short of unconditional surrender will suffice to bring about peace. 11 hope the allies .will decline to nego tiate except on the same terms. I have not read the note itae:;. b?Jt If it means unconditional surrender, it is satisfactory?" AUSTRIA TALKS OF DEMOBILIZING Premier Says Nation Will Continue Peace Efforts. Berne, via Paris, Oct. 23.?Details of the demobilisation of the Austro ! Hungarian army were discussed by 'Premier Hussarek in the Austrian House of Lords yeeterday, accord ling to Vienna advices. ! Baron Hussarek asserted his gov ernment would continue Its efforts toward peace and indicated strong i ly that a reply would be sent to 1 President Wilson's message to : Austria. He expressed the hope : that means would soon be found 'to . lead the universe out of this abyss 'and misery of war." The federalization of the Dual ? Monarchy, he said, was the natural | complementary step to ! -e peace ?move, but it was "also - ?t from j the strictly Austrian standpoint." \ He promised "equal rights to all ?peoples of the Empire' Otae ?evere crlttclaei et your eosty may br better than tea gerag ??\a? lau.' ?a PEACE TALK IMPOSSIBLE WITH PRESENT HUN RULE Plea for Armistice Submtited to Allies But Stringent Conditions Must Be Met To Insure Compliance with Terms. DISTRUST PERVADES MESSAGE Wilson Adds Timely Congratulations to Army and Navy on Safe Arrival of 2.000.000 American Soldiers in France. President Wilson, in a message last night to the Germain government, wherein he uses the word "surren?der' for tbe first time, says that "the nations of the world do not and ?can not trust the word of those who have hitherto been the mas ters of German policy." If the United States and the entente jJlies tieal with these persons?"the military masters and the monarchista, autocrats of Germany"?at this time, the demand will be surrender, he adds. Peace negotiations are impossible with them, he declare*. Distrust?the same universal distrust that the world felt wtscti the German note became public?is the keynote of the President's message. He announces he will communicate Germany's request for an armistice to the military advisers of the United States .ind the allied governments, but he makes plain that it will be ac ceptable to the United States and the allies only under the most, stringa?st conditions. No chances will be taken. In the same breath almost the President explains that hi?. transmission of the corresp*ondence to the ailiers carnes only a suggestion that if they are disposed to effect peace upon the terms and principles indicated the question of an armistice be considered, and additional precautions are taken by him in this regard HITS STRAIGHT OUT. The terms of an armistice must be of such a nature. Le assamts, ma* to give the allies and the United States the power to ?safeguard aunjl enforce the details of peace. The President minces no words in addressing Germany. He* lift? straight from the shoulder and tells her she is distnisted. and he repeat?, with an infinite detail that carnes the full import of his ?distrust the "sol?? emn and explicit" assurances she has made to accept his terms of peace1 and also her "explicit" promise to observe the humane rules of avilized warfare on both land and sea. He shows that he has not been trapped by the sham dtmoarTHTaary j with which Germany sought, in her message, to picture a new ?-t? ?or: regime to the world. He explains that we have no guarantees that her' widely advertised reforms at home exist at this time or are m contemn-, plataon. He admits that future wars may be brought under the control eT the German people, but in forceful terms, ?vhich indicate the manner ia ? which he accepted Germany's explanations of her reforms, he points? out that the present war is net under control of th? German people. He tears the mantle of hypocrisy from the German note and reveals Its authors as the same murderous band of outlaws who plunged the world into war. There can be no mistake as to his intent. He mentions the King of Prussia as one with unimpaired power who still controls the policy of the empire. SCORN FOR AUTOCRACY. Every word thr President has uttered againM autocracy is re-? called by the biting language he uses in this message against the same? scourge, ln his New York address he declared tbat we "do not think' the same thoughts or speak the same language," and now ht reaf- . firms this expression by the use of the word surrender as applied to, autocracy. "Nothing can be gained," his message closes, "by leaving this caVKst-< rial thing unsaid." DEFENDS SPAIN'S 7.000 TONS OF GERMAN U-BOAT POLICIES TOYS ARRIVE IN U. S. Premier Answers Criticisms of Ac- Importation of Goods Bought Be rions Against Germany. * fore W??? Permitted Madrid, via London. Oct 23?Pre mier Maura, ln ?reply to criticirms voiced tn the Spanish * htmrx-r with refrard to the manner and reaiulte or An Atlantic l'on. Oct. S?Sevsv? thousand tona of made In Germanr" toy? arrived here today on a H.rllsrul Ameriean liner. The lo> a*, nirrh?ititi ' before the anrar. were held pendine the negotiations with Germany over Permission of the I"nlted sitatesi the submarine queatlon. today de- ernment to ha?-e them IrrouKht tra dared it war? hia government's firm intention to replace every torrw-doed Spanish veartael by a Isssrmaa ship of exriuat tonnage, leaving Gssrman? only the privilege of d?**a*agnatln*j- the sub stitute vessel. Ci-ltlctam of the ?overnment'? course in the T'-boa? controversy con tinues unabated. The Uberai? are theae shore?. The pur-chasms mar chants representarrd that ma the ?roods were bought prior to Americ?'? ero trance into the war. when ?here *??**? ' tu> taint of lack of patrlntlpm In trad Inn with Germany, they should not ( suffer loaa. so permission was ?.-ranted for their importation. Thirty-two of the ?il pasasengerm hotly denouncing the merrecj of th? I were ?rulTerins from Influenaa They nerotlstton? ?nd demand publication j will be kept on the ship until of ail rraotn exchansred with Berlin, j recova?*-.