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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, October 26, 1918, Image 1

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America*s Historic Answer: "Unconditional Surrender!
yy
THE WEATHEK
Today?Rain and cooler. Tomor
row? Partly cloudy and cool.
Highest temperature yesterday, 74;
lowest, 57.
ERALD
30,000 person? are reading this
paper every morning. Hrve yoo a
message to put before than? Call
the Advertising Department of The
Herald. Main 3300.
NO. 4383.
WASHINGTON. D. C.t SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1918.
0\E ("FAT ?" ?
V,,lj 1-^' 1 Elwwkm Tw? Ca
NEAR BLOWS
IN REICHSTAG
OVER PEACE
"Situation Grave, But Not
Desperate," Prussian War
Minister Declares.
EXPECT QUICK REPLY
"Honorable Peace, or Fight
to Last Man," Says
Hmdenburg.
Amsterdam, Oct. 25.?A stormy
scene occurred in the Reichstag
yesterday when the foreign min
ister, Dr. Solf, sharply contended
that the Polish demands for the
annexation of Prussian Poland
were not in accordance with
President Wilson's peace princi
ples regarding Poland. Polish
members of the Reichstag inter
rupted the speaker and an exci^
ing debate ensued. For a time it
threatened to develop into a -free
for-all fight.
Dr. Solf declared Denmark's
claim to Northern Schleswig was
dissolved in 1878, and Denmark
acknowledged this in the treaty
of 1907.
Baron von Schenck, the new
Prussian war minister, asserted
the German army was not
beaten.
"The situation is grave," he
said, "but not desperate."
The Socialist deputies Haase
and Ledebour sharply attacked
the government.
Hlndeiibart'a Alternatives.
Copenhagen. Oct. 25.-Field Marshal
?on Hndenburg in a letter to Prince
Max of Baden, the German Chancelor,
say?:
"The German people have two al
ternatives: Honorable peace or a
fight to the last man."
"Germany." says the Lolcal An
si^ger today, as the first paper to com
ment on President Wilson's note,
"cannot accept a dictated armistice,
^fndering her defenseless."
The Koeliflfche Zeitu/ig calls Presi
dent Wilson T demands "arrogant.'*
Fxpect Quick Reply.
Berne (via Paris). Oct. 25.?The
Krankfurther fceltung's Vienna cor
respondent learns that Baron Bu
rian will reply quickly to President
Wilson's note.
i Note: Other dispatches report
Baron Burian has resigned.)
The foreign minister is quoted as
expressing a ? willingness to deal
with the Czecho-Sloysks, but as
having added that such negotiations
must take place "In Austria, not in
Paris. *
(Note: The Czecho-Slovak gov
ernment was formed in Paris, where
the council also issued its declara
tion of independence.)
"Peace will be established before
long," said Baron Burian. and ad
ded: The reorganization of Aus
tria is completed."
British Pibllr Opinion.
London. Oct. 25. ?Utterances of pub
lic men in discussing President Wil
son's reply to the German peace note
are in conformity with those of the
press.
Arthur Henderson, who speaks for
the labor party, thinks the President's
note will "assist very materially to
clarify the situation."
I?rd Lansdowne. who reflects the
attitude of the pacifists, thinks Pres
ident Wilson's handling of the case,
has been prudent as well as strong,
and we may trust him to avoid pit
falls.
Sr Edward Carson thinks that if
we come to terms, "we should be in
a position to carry them out without
further bloodshed of our countrymen.
If anything Jess would land us in dis
aster. it would be far better to go
on."
# Tfe armistice proposal is examined
from the military point of view by
Maj. Gen. Sir Frederick Maurice, for
merly director on military operations
and now military correspondent ef the
Dailv News. He says:
Militarists Show Hand.
"The re^l center of interest at pres
ent Is the German home front. The
Chances of early peace are based upon
whether the German people are ready
to throw over those who have ruled
them so long. Meanwhile the mili
tarists have been playing their cards
well. They have shown apparent read
iness to make peace: they have
agreed to some form of democratic
government which they know is a
long way from realization. and-in this
same mood of sweet reasonableness
they have drawn out negotiations with
Washington long enough to give the
German people time to recover from
the shock of realization of the ex
tent to which they have been deceived.
"While these negotiations have been
goin? on. German armies have been
skilfully withdrawn from Flanders
and from Laon. and are In no im
mediate danger of military disaster.
"Tn these circumstances the mili
tarists are no doubt hopeful that
the German people will come to the
conclusion that the situation is, after
all, not so cesperate as they sup
posed. but is very far from warrant
ins complete surrender. The ques
tion is can the militarists coerce
the German people Into believing that
there is any prospect before them
which will make it worth their while
to endure."
Demands on Germany.
From Alsatian. Danish and Polish
delegratea in the Reichstag have
come demands for the separation
from the German Empire and free
dom for the territorities they repre
sent.
Their strictly separatist declarations !
caused a sensation, according to an
official dispatch from France yester- I
OOWTlNCEJ> OH PAG*
y
AUSTRIAN SOLDIERS REBEL.
Hundreds Killed in Revolt at
Fiume.
Copenhagen, via London Oct.
25.?Hundreds were killed In street
battles at the Austrian naval base
at Fiume. forty miles northeast of
Pola. where the Seventy-ninth
Croatian infantry revolted and set
up ^ government of its own. Late
difp?tehes from Vienna assert the
| rebellion was quelled by Austrian
regiments withdrawn from Al
bania. The situation at Karloviti,
northwest of Trieste, where the
croatians have also started a re
volt, two Slav regiments mutiny
ing and taking possession of the
town, is still obscure.
PLAGUE DEATHS
RISE SUDDENLY
?
J Doctors, However, Insist
EpicJemic Here Is
On Wane.
Deaths and new cases of influenza
? reported at the local health office yes
I terday showed an increase over the
' record of the preceding day. Thirty
one deaths and ?16 new cases were re
1 ported (hiring the twenty-four-hour
1 period ended at 9 o'clock last night.
Health authorities, however, do not
j believe that the increase indicates that
; the power of the epidemic is growing
j after a brief relapse.
"The descending line of the epidemic
is sure to waver considerably before
! reaching normal." Dr. William C.
Fowler. District Health Officer, stated,
j "I do not think that there need be
any cause for alarm over present con
: ditions. We have the disease well in
hand, and with co-operation by the
I citizens, the situation will rapidly im
I prove."
Tfcea|pr* to Stay CI011H.
Dr. Fowler stated emphatically that
I the churches, theaters and other
j places of public gathering would not
1 be permitted to reopen this week or
1 next. The health officers, he declared,
are determined that there will be no
flareback due to a too hasty reopen
ing of public meeting places.
Reports from all over the country
indicate that the epidemic i? under
control. Conditions, however, are still
serious In sections in the extreme
West and "South.
The number of deaths and new
cases in the army camps show a
marked decrease each day. From only
I two camps were there more than 100
influenza cases reported for the twen
ty-four-hour period ending last night.
Both of these were from the Pacific
I C oast, where the influenza epidemic is
. now af ita height. The number of new
r-ases for all of the camps dropped to
f 2.375 and of pneumonia to 500. This
1 brings the total number of cases up
I to 350,000. The fatalities to date num
ber 16.413.
Dlx Quarantine Lifted.
Camp Dix. N. J. reports that the
quarantine has been lifted, no new
leases having been reported for the
last 48 hours. Maj Gen. Scott, in
command, telegraphed his apprecia
tion of the splendid services of the
nurses, officers, and men in the med
( ical department.
Fuel Administrator Garfield an
nounced last night that the spread
? of the epidemic in the coal fields had
I been checked. He stated that he
hoped that the curtailed coal pro
duction could now return to its
| former high standard. He especi
ally commended the Public Health
Service, the army, and the various
State authorities for their prompt
j response to his earlier appeals for
| help.
1
Epidemic Crisis Past
At Camp Humphreys.
The Spanish influenza has been
conquered at Camp Humphreys. Va..
jthe medical authorities there de
clared yesterday afternoon
Prom an average death rate of 50
ja day the number yesterday fell to
, 10. Army nurses from Walter Reed
: Hospital, from the United States
General Hospital No. 9. at Lake
I hIST*' ZL, J ,?nd from CamP Hola
bird. Cedar Creek. Md. have leen
transferred from their permanent
stations for temporary assignment
during the emergency at Camp
Humphreys. Pupil nurses of the
Army Nurses' Training School also
CO STINT ED OS PAGB FOCR.
120,000 OF FOE LOST
IN EARLY DRIVES
' Casualties in Spring Offensives Put
At That Figure.
I London. Oct. 25,-The Morning Post
I ???P??.?nt at th* Western front
I a . .. now Possible to give
1 ? t of enormous losses su
ftr^ rni?.. er,en,y when hi Fian
I ders enterprise fell to pieces. It may
?red ,that the 8Uf
f%m ?he ? ?S1! ?f T5000? casualties
th? iv inning of the battle of
ment of the 9' to the abandon
ment or the offensive earlv In
Probably half of the~ cI^^TeVe
'nr"7<*l after the line wai esYab?
lished at the end of April.
"Miles of new railway* _ ,
built by the enemy are^wTn" us^
British troops. Thev /????
eighteen new airdromes with
orate shed aocommodation and seven"
j teen landing grounds and areas V?ju
sums were expended in hutments ami
i marquees ail this for the boId stroke
i H*?Jbn?uck and Calais which was
f never delivered. M
nf nuLiU! t?daJ>,' "^"P'ng the benefits
i of German prodigality."
Protests Corn Einbarro
ring that the
Nebraska farmer is "at the mercy of
grain speculators." Governor Neville
S2* 8<*rBtmry ?'Adoo and
Herbert Hoover, asking that the grain
flSr^i ?mah'1 termnal^ be
lifted. Because of the embargo the
h'" telegram.
iwentZ-one ^yr 0"^ ^ '?
""2 (nM
! r'"' ?? advertise
WILSON ASKS
PUBLIC TO BACK
HIM AND PARTY
Appeals for Return of
Democratic Congress as
Vote of Confidence.
REPUBLICANS ASSAILED
Says-G.O.P. Victory Would
Be Taken as Repudia
tion "Across Water."
President Wilson yesterday ap
pealed to the American voters to
make the next Congress Demo
cratic, iji order that it might not
hold up his hands in the further j
prosecution of the war.
In an appeal issued at the i
White House, the President made j
the issue of the coming election |
clear and plain by asserting that |
the return of a Republican ma- |
jority in either the Senate or I
House would be interpreted '
4%across the water" in no other |
way than as a repudiation of his i
leadership.
At the same time the President {
grave full credit to the Republicans i
now in Congress for -their support
of the war, but pointed out that al
though they have been pro-war they i
have been anti-administration.
The direct and forceful manner in1
which the President made his state- J
ment of the issues was hailed with '
delight by the leaders of his party, j
but caused gloom and forebodings
among the ranks of the Republican j
leaders who have been waging a
persistent campaign against the
President's policies. It sent thea^
Republican leaders scurrying into
secret conference oat of which
there came at nightfall a formal re
ply in Which they assert that the
Republican party stands for uncon
ditional surrender and for carrying
on the war until that end is accom
plished.
The Republican answer to the
President's appeal is signed by
I Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, mi- j
| nority leader in the Senate; Senator)
| Reed Smoot, chairman of the Sena- I
Jtbrlai committee; Representative!
, Fred H. Gillett. Republican leader i
in the House; and Representative
Simeon D. Fess. chairman of the |
J Congressional committee.
Following issthe President's state- j
I ment to the country;
My Fellow Countrymen:
| The Congressional elections |
are at hand. They occur in the
most critical period our country
? has ever faced or is likely to
I face in our time. If you have
approved of my leadership and
wish me to continue to be your
unembarrassed spokesman in
affairs at home and abroad. I
earnestly beg that you will ex
press yourselves unmistakably
to that effect by returning a
Democratic majority to both
the Senate and the House of
Representatives. I am your
servant and will accept your
judgment without cavil, but
my power to administer the
great trust assigned me by the
Constitution would be siriouj.y
impaired should your judgment
be adverse, and I must frankly
tell you so because so many
critical issues depend upon your
\erdlct. No scruple of tas'.e
must in grim times like these
be allowed lo stand ,n the way
of speaking the plain truth.
I have no thought of sug
I gesting that any political party
is paramount in matters of pa
triotism. I feel too keenly the
sacrifices which have been
made in this war by all our
citizens, irrespective of party
affiliations, to harbour such an
idea. I mean only that the dif
ficulties and delicacies of our
present task are of a sort that
makes it imperatively neces
sary that the nation should give
its undivided support to the
Government under a unified
leadership, and that a Republi
can Congress would divide "liie
leadership.
The leaders of the minority
in the present Congress have
unquestionably been pro-war
but they have been anti-admin
istration. At almost every turn,
since we entered the war. they
have sought to take the choice
of policy and the conduct of the
war out of my hands and put It
under the control of Instrumen
talities of their own choosing
This is no time either for di
vided conusel or for divided '
leadership. Unity of command
is as necessary now in civil ac
j tlon as it Is upon the Held of
I battle. If the control of the
House and Senate should be
taken away from the party now
In power, an opposing majority
could assume control of legisla
tion and oblige all action to be
taken amidst contest and ob
struction.
The return of a Republican ma
jority to either House of the Con
gress would, moreover, certainly
be interpreted on the other side
of the water as a repudiation of
my leadership. Spokesmen of the
Republican party are urging you
to elect a Republican Congress In.
order to back up and support the
President, but even If they should
in this way Impose upon some
credulous voters on this side of
the water, they would impose on
no' one on the other side. It Is
well understood there as well as
here that the Republican leaders
desire not so much to support the
President as to control him. The
peoples of ttie allied countries
with whom we are associated
against Germany are quite famil
iar with the significance of elec
tions. They would Ilnd It very
difficult to believe that the voters
tONTlNCED ON PACK FOL'H.
HUNGARIAN PREMIER OUT.
Wekerle and Burian Reported
to Have Resigned.
Basle, via Paris, Oct 2S.?Pre
mier Wekerle, of Hungary, has at
last been forced to resign under
the pressure of the opposition led
by Count Michael Karolyi, the
Hungarian independence party
leader, according to Budapest dis
patches late today.
The resignation of Count Burian
as Austro-Hungarian foreign min
ister also is reported. Count Julius
Andrassy is said to have been ap
pointed to succeed him.
RUSSIA RAISING
FIGHTING FORCE
Government Moves to
Omsk and Begins Recruit
ing Army of 200,000.
Cable dispatches telling of the re
moval of the seat of the all-Russian
government from Ufa to Omsk, and
preparations for the formation of an
army of more than 300,000 men, were
received yesterday at the Russian
^mbasfiy.
At Omsk It Joins hand* with the
Siberian government in conformity
with the agreement entered Into by
these government* The ministries of
war. foreign affairs, finance and ways
of communication of the .-'Iberian
government will act in the same ca
pacity temporarily for the all-Rus
sian government.
^ la Problem.
With regard to plant for the army,
the cable message says:
? Opinion Is united as to the ur
gency, above all other thing*, of
arming the new national forces. The
mobilization of the two classes of
1918 and 1919 has been completed with
even greater enthusiasm than at the
beginning of the war; all reports con
cur that the elements which respond
ed are of excellent quality. Organ
ization is not lacking.
"Closely connected with the ques
tion of organization, however, is the
problem of improving the financial
situation. A treasury has been insti
tuted at Omsk and taxes are being
levied and the sources of revenue
being defined. It proved possible to
rescue from Kazan some supplies of
gold. The government is endeavor
ing to refrain by all means from is
suing valueless paper money."
Recrvltinft Is Brisk.
The military situation is described
as fairly satisfactory, although the
abandonment of Samara is an
nounced. It was evacuated
of the enemy offensive and the re
volt of the local Bolsheviki.
The principal aim of the govern
ment, it is pointed out. is the re
estabHshment of the army. In ad
dition to the mobilisation of the
classes of the last two years, the
non-com missioned officers of the re
serve of the years 1888 to 1897 have
been called in. Recruiting is like
wise progressing very favorably
The government has issued a proc
lamation to the officers requesting
them to refrain from participation
in party politics and to concentrate
their efforts on the task of reorga
nizing the army.
COURT PLAYS QUEER
PRANK ON COMEDIAN
Rules Wife Is Still Wife, Although
Divorced.
New York. Oct 25.-A woman,
though divorced from her husband,
may still become his common law
wife, by a reconciliation, without a
second marnage ceremony and be en
titled to a wife's rights, according to
a decision rendered today against
oeorge W. Monroe, the comedian.
Mrs. Anna R. Monroe sued for and
secured a separation decree before
Supreme Court Justice Irvin Lehman
She divorced Monroe August 3. 1912
On January 20. 1914, she accepted U.SOO
in full settlement of the *42 weekly
alimony allowed her by Justice Bis
S, !L* years later' January
28, 1916, a reconciliation was effected
and Moniee said, "We are married "
according to her testimony. She de
clared she acquiesced.
The separation suit was contested
by the actor on the groui?l that no
second marriage ceremony had been
held. The court ruled that Mrs. Mon
roe was his common law wife She
vas awarded ?42 weekly alimony and
privileged to apply for an Increase if
later, she finds her husband's flnan
cial condition warrants it.
TWO CONVICTS^SCAPE
?
Connecticut Police Comb State
for Fugitives.
Hartford. Conn., Oct. 25.-A State
wide man hunt was organized today
when notice was sent broadcast that
two dangerous criminals had escaped
from the State prison at Wethersfield
They are Claude R. Taylor, alias
Charles Taylor, who terrorized small
communities In two States during the
summer of 1917. and Thomas Matoney.
alias Thomas Howard, serving a sen'
tence for manslaughter.
MARY PICKFORD GOING OVER.
Actress in One More Picture Before
Trip to France.
Omaha, Neb. 25.?Mary Piclcford
is going to France. The actress an
nounced today that she was going
to act in only one more picture be
fore going abroad.
"I feel I can be of more service to
my country by cheering up the boy?
in the trenches than by acting for
for the folks at home,' she said.
Mary wore a gauze mask to keep
away influenza, and spoke to In
terviewer* through a half opened
door.
Moiutaia Outlaw Killed.
Hazard, Ky.. Oct. 25 -oeorga Cook
a mountain outlaw, was kllltffl here
today In a battle with a posse. Cook
is said to-have klled five men and a
woman during his outlaw carter
which lasted several years.
i.
YANK BATTERY'
OF SUPER-GUNS
HAMMER HUNS
Big Naval Cannon in Use on
West Front Since
August.
MANNED BY SAILORS
Range and Caliber of New
Weapons far Greater
Than Those of Allies.
Navy officials yesterday admit
ted that a battery of huge naval
guns, mounted upon railway trucks
and manned by American blue-1
jackets, have played a great part
in driving the Germans from the!
Flanders front.
Military experts say that the
manner in which these great en-,
gines of destruction spread death
and destruction among the re
treating enemy ever since Septem
ber 16 proved a dominating factor
in bringing to the German general
staff the realization that no mod
ern defensive system, either in
Belgium or on the Rhine, could
withstand the new weapons which
American ingenuity had devised,
| forged and placed in action on the
j Western front.
Secret Jealea*l> t.uardrd.
I'p to this time all particulars of
the new mobile naval guni for land
u?e have oeen jealously guarded by
| the Navy Department. That the navy
J had devised a weapon rivaling the
i German guns which shelled Paris was
[ hinted at last April when Samuel M.
Vauolain, general manager of the
Baldwin oooo motive Works. an
j nounced that the first of America's
J greatest siege guns had eft the Bald
win shops for proving tests. For the
! present the Navy Department refuses
j to permit publication of the exact
calibre and power of the new guns.
It is an open secret, however, that the
! guns have a range which exceeds that
i i of the British and French, mobile
, 1 naval guns, weapons which easily
j hhoot twenty miles. Moreover, the
i gun shoots a much heavier
"and more destructive projectile than
I do the guns of the allies.
From the day when the plan fcr
the production of the great guns for
mobile purposes on railway lines In
France was adopted, until the picked
! men in charge of the battery went
5 into action, the venture has been
' characterised by a series of exploits
' and feats of engineering and admin
istration which will be the basis for
? one of the brightest pages in the hie
? tory of America's participation in the
? great war.
1 Mounted on Speelal Trweka.
' During the closing days of 1917 it was
found that a change in design of a
series of projected battle cruisers
would prevent the use of a specially
designed gun of great range and with
a record musile velocity. With the
f j consent of Secretary Daniels, the
I J navy's experts proceeded to the de
' sign and construction of railway cars
mounting the guns, locomotives and
i | cars sufficient to accommodate all the
j operating personnel, together with
I ammunition trucks. repair shops,
cranes and other factors necessary.
In less than thirty days the designs
f were completed and on January 25,
1918. work began. A large part of the
preliminary designing was done by
Capt A. U Willard. Commander Har
vey Delano and G. A. Chad wick. The
guns were forged in one of America s
I greatest ordnance factories and were
| placed upon the special trucks at the
II plant of Baldwin Locomotive Com
i pany in New Jersey.
The railway true* contains a pit
formation which permits of high ele
vation for the rifle. The body of the
truck can also be swung to any angle,
thus permitting fire upon any point
in the compass. The first gun car
was completed in April. The Standard
Steel Car Company built the box cars,
used for ammunition, and the huge
steel girders were fabricated by the
American Bridge Company. The
units of the trains are completely
covered by heavy armor plate, 1.800
square feet of plate being required to
protect the gun mount alone. Most
of the important parts of the gun
mounts were made at the Naval Gun
Factory at Washington, but many of
the plates were so large that neces
sary machinery for their production
was to be found In only one plant in
Pittsburgh.
Firnt (tan Ready In April.
After the first gun was completed i?
was shipped at night to the army
proving ground at Sandy Hook. N. Y.,
: the only proving ground in the coun
try where it was possible to obtain a
great range safely. When word went
J out that the navy was to take big
guns into France and aid in blasting
' a way for the allies through the Ger
man hordes, every bluejacket quali
fied for gun grew service began to
| importune his officer for transfej to
the new units. The officers also were
, pulling every wire they knew to gfein
a place in th? corps.
However, plans for the personnel
! had been formulated almost from the
day that the factories began work on
the new guns. ? When the first gun
I left the Baldwin shops April 25. 1918,
? it was in charge of Capt. T. A.
; Kearney, assistant chief of the Bur
reau of Ordnance and Lieut. Com. ,L.
B. Bye. also of the bureau.
> The command of the proposed bat
i tery was given ?t* lteai Admiral
? Charles P. Plunkett, former director
of the Office of Gunnery Exercises
> and Engineering Performances. Un
der his direction the corps of officers
! were assembled, the officers being
drawn from the regular navy and the
Naval Reserves. The enlisted men
were chosen, for tho most part f*^>in
units at the '.Treat Lakes Training
Station, Chicago.
The training of both the officers
and the men was carried out on an
intensive program, many men being
CONTINUED OSI PAG * THWB>
\
\
NEW ITALIAN OFFENSIVE CONTINUES;
FRENCH ADVANCE ON 10-MILE FRONT;
PRISONERS OF BRITISH REACH 9,000
HUNGARY TO QUIT NOV. 1.
Army and People Reach Agree
ment to Cease Fighting.
London, Oct. 35.?A prac
| tical agreement hat been
reached between the Hun
| garian people and the Hun
garian army to cease fighting
on November 1, no matter
what Austria'! and Germany's
attitude may be toward Presi
dent Wilson's note.
Information to this effect
was telegraphed late tonight
by the Amsterdam corre
spondent of the Daily Ex
press.
"Preservation of Hungary's
territorial integrity." the cor
respondent says, "is the only
condition Hungary stipulates
for a separate peace. Separate
peace has been determined
upon at all costs, even if a
revolution is necessary to
bring it about,"
ITALY'S FLIERS
! PERIL DEFYING
1
Face Heavy Fire with Dan
gers of Cross-Sea
Exploits.
Crossing the Adriatic in a hydro
plane is a feai. which, though
1 frequently accomplished by the ex
1 perienced aviator, taxes all the
powers of the novice. Recently
I Austria has been sending across
! many newly commissioned pilots,
' and this, added to th? ever in
creasing efficiency of the Italian
anti-aircraft guns and chasers has
resulted in heavy losses for the
Austrians. In almost all their re
cent- attacks on the Italian coast.
Austrian aviators have left behind
them part of their apparatus or a
; colleague. v
I The Austrian disaster in the
clouds above the Adriatic at night
J are due to the anti-aircraft bat
Iteries and in the day-time to the
chasers. The chaser? are feared
| most by the Austrians. according
to the tales of the prisoners, there
fore the aviators prefer to attack
at night, especially a.* they believe
night -raids produce greater alarm
in the Italian people. But the
nocturnal flights prove to be the
most disastrous to the enemy.
LAst July a small squadron start
ing from Pola at night to bombard
? an Italian base, was routed, and
its apparatus afterwards found in
ruins on the slopes of Mt. Mae
giore in Croatia. Although noc
turnal flights lessen the danger of
being chased, they involve great
difficulties in following given
routes, making rapid evolutions
and finding places on which to
! land.
Despite their enormous defeats
J the Austrians persist in their
? flights to the Italian coast, but
| there they encounter a stubborn,
j determined resistance which often
spells disaster for them.
USE DIRIGIBLES
IN ALP RAIDS
; Italian Airships Play Impor
tant Part in Bombing
Operations.
Ninety tons of explosives were car
ried across the Alps and dropped on
enemy territory by Italian dirigibles
from August. 1917. to the end of Aug
ust, 1918. The encounters with the
enemy of the Italian airships totaled
102. a record-breaking number .
The allied and enemy nations have
not used dirigibles extensively be
cause of the difficulty of operation,
due to atmospheric conditions, and the
difficulties of aiming correctly, but
Italy has succeeded in overcoming
them to such an extent that her diri
gibles have become an active part of
hen fighting organization. During Au
gust Italian dirigibles navigated for a
total of 290 hours over 11.560 miles,
and threw 40 tons of bombs on th?
station of Trento, on the military
works at Bolzano, on the arsenal at
Pola. on Austrian aviation camps,
on railroad lines and on enemy sol
diers* barracks.
San Stino di Livcnza, one of the
most important railroad connecting
points on the Austrian front, was
bombed nine times in two months by
l Italian airships. The headquarters
building of the aviation camp at
Comin? was destroyed by bombs from
the dirigibles.
The record quantity of bombs car
ried by an airship is held by an
Italian captain, whose dirigible car
ried seven and a half tons in one
months. Another dirigible, piloted by
an Italian ace. In a flight over th?
Alps to the Trentino, crossed Carre
Peak, the highest summit of the icy
Adamello. at an altitude of 2.465 yards.
To bmry all tke false fcapes mt 1b
?sflrieat advertising w??M require
t?ite m ymiui
Armies of Diaz Press Forward Against
Stiff Resistance, Taking Islands
in Piave.
PROGRESS IN EVERY SECTOR
French Advance on Two Fronts; Americans*
with British Cross Valertciennes-Avesncs
Railway?Villages Taken.
London, Oct 25.?Four Italian armies, inchidmg BrrtA
and French contingent*, started a major offensive early today
{along a total front of sixty miles, between the Asiago Platen
j and the Piave Bend at Montello, and thence southward to the
| Adriatic.
Despite miserable weather, the drive was late toiy re
ported proceeding satisfactorily. The Austnans are everywhere
j resisting with the utmost stubbornness. Yesterday's soccessfJ
smash at Mount Grappa and Mount Stzmol was prelmiimuy;
to today's offensive.
Up to this evening nearly 5,000 prisoners had been taken*
Several guns also were captured.
An important step toward forcing the Austrian Rave Tine
j was made by the Italians, who captured three islands in
j middle of the stream?Grevetrapa, Dopoli and Maggiore.
In the Mount Grappa sector Gen. Diaz's troops 11if
i the Ornio River and at last accounts were firmly established
j on its northern bank. Mont Sisemol, three miles east of Asiago^
is completely in Italian hands.
FRENCH TAKE 1,000 PRISONERS.
Pans, Oct. 25.-?-Late dispatches from the southeastern front
France state the French advanced a mile along a front of u 11 i<i^
i miles between Chateau Porcjen and Sissoone.
More than 1.000 prisoners were taken.
The French Fifth Army late today had advanced to * depfh
a mile and a half along a front of seven mile* Nizr-le-Comte, Herp^l
Mill and Condes-les-Herpy were captured. The French reached th^
outskirts of St. Quentin-le-Petit.
BRITISH CROSS RAILWAY.
London. Oct. 25.?The British, aided by Americans, have crossetl
the Valenciennes-Avesnes railway, tonight's report from Field Marshal
Haig shows. They have captured Sepmenes village, which lies )ust
east of that important line. Querenaing. west of the railw?y, was
also taken.
Nine thousand prisoners and 150 guns have been counted so far
as the bag of three days' forward smashing.
A seven-mile stretch of the Valenciennes-Avesnes railway is in
British hands tonight, from Le Quesnoy to the east of Main
Northwest of Valenciennes the British captured BruiUe-St. Amand
I and Buridon.
YANKS RECAPTURE WOOD
With the American First Army. Oct. 2^.?Wr recaptured Rcltran
wood, northeast of Verdun, early this morning after yielding it to a
sharp German counter-attack last night. An entire German regiment
counter-attacked this morning.
Our aviators exhibited nr.ich skill and daring in sending volleys nf
machine-gun fire into the advancing ranks from a*i altitude of onlw
100 feet. At Q *0 o'clock the Germans threw in fresh forces and heanr
fighting developed. At last report? our troops were progressing south
eastward of the wood.
London, Oct. 2j.?The Serbians, victorious in a three-day battle,
have foicea the Austrians lo retreat in great disorder toward the Dan
ube, according to the latest news from the Halkan theater of war.
FOCH STRIKES UNEXPECTEDLY.
London, Oct. 25.?Marshal Foch again displayed his geniu*- '
striking at a week spot at the psychological moment today. Thfl^
cables were buzzing with renewed rumors of an imminent Austria*
collapse, and from Vienna came word of a Croatian revolt at Fiurae
and of mutinies of Slav regiments; other dispatches showed the op
position party in Hungary had toppled Wekerle, and in Austria.
Baron Burian had fallen. Then suddenly Rome sent a bulletin;
"Big Italian drive started."
Soon supplemental-}' advice* showed + -j
that Gen. Diaz's troops, aided by i
British and Frenph forces. were their tine northeastward and brought
crushing forward lions the Plave and : it UP to the Valenciennes-Av?
mountain fronts. Despite miserable railway, the Southern extension of'
weather and tierce Austrian resis
tance, material gains were made on
both fronts?the total attacking line
is sixty mile; Ions-and late today
nearly 5.000 prisoners had been
counted.
The drive ts under Immediate com
mand of the Italian generalissimo.
Gen. Diax, but allied unity of com
which runs on Hirson. one of the,
gates through which the German ar
mies in the pocket north and east
of Iaon must pass in their escape.
Seven miles of the rmil. from l4 1
Quesnoy to the east of Maine, ar?
In British hand.', and at one point
they have cr- sned It, taking
morles.
mand extends to the Italian front, so 1 Their total hag of prisoners haa
that Foch is the "master of the risen to 9.000 ami that of guns to l'A.
*Twa, just about a y?r agej Th, ^^^"n^on this.
<2<rr/ru ,ou m;k
much a military attack a. the cul- h*'r f"rcl',n ?V? ?>'
ml nation of months of cunning pro- 1 'w"n "?? <*?? **rre riw. u>
paganda to undermine Italian morale. d?>- ">d even further southeast
It led to the Caporette disaster. The ward as far as the Champagne.
Austrian situation today is such as to j Hair's merciless hammering haa
give fair promise of a flmlar cataa- forced the Germans to accelerate I
trophe befalling the Hapshurg armies, I their withdrawal from the L?on
which, like the dual monarchy's pop- pocket, and the French are exertin*
ulatlon, are a conglomeration of vigorous pressure. In the last 14
many races and nationalities hostile
to one another A year ago their
morale was at Its highest. Today it
is at Its lowest
PrcMsre Wksk rrsst.
Meanwhle Foch's armies on the
West front are not slackening one
moment in their pressure alone the
whole 230-mile front on whl~h the
Germans are drawing back
HatTa Anglo-American forces b?
low Valenciennes, continuing their at
tacks begun two days ago, swung Rethel Itself
hours they have taken i,0a0 pris
oners. Between Chateau 1 omen
they advanced mor^^than a mlla
along a seventeen 4Ple attacking
front, and on the Serre front they
pushed forward a mile on a ir.'le
front.
Far to the southeast.
french Army, driving on the
rail key to Rethel. swept norths
and captured Ambly and Tlenry At
Ambly they are only <!?? m lea fr?:a

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