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America's Historic Answer: "Unconditional Surrender!
ERALD 30,000 persons are reading thli paper every morning. Hare you a met sage to pat before them? Call the Advertising Department of The Herald. Main 3300. NO. 4384. ^WASHINGTON, O. C.. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1918. TWO CENTS ! EARLY GERMAN ANSWER, REPORT; | AUSTRIA MAY LAY DOWN ARMS, THOUGH WASHINGTON DOUBTFUL Berlin War Cabinet Holds1 Session?Quick Answer, Latest Rumor. AUSTRIA DEMOBILIZING May Throw Herself on Mercy of Allies, Say Vienna Reports. PRESS DISCUSSES ABDICATION German Newspapers Asking if Kaiser's Quitting Is Necessary to Conclusion of Peace. Copenhagen. Oct. 26.?The Ber-! lin Lolcal Anzeiger announces a long session of the crown council, presided over by the Kaiser. It is now reported that the war cabi net intends to make an early re ply to President Wilson's last note. I Early Austrian Surrender? Zurich, via London. Oct. 26. j Dispatches from Vienna late to-! ?Jay predict an early unconditional I surrender and capitulation by' Austria. It is reported Austria, will practically throw herself at the mcrcy of the allies. Copenhagen, via London. Oct. J6?An official statement was is- j sued at Vienna late today an-' Bouncing that the demobilization' of the Austro-Hungarian army is: . being prepared. Plaaa or ?!??*.r, 1 Hern. Via P,rU. tK-t x-Count ha,l Karloyi. the Hungarian Inde pendence party leader. intimated to ^fe.v that after a conference of Hun fcpwn leader, laat night It waa de that Hungary requires Imrae ar"' """ il W" reaolved: | "er?n>d",OUnCe ** ?'??>, 'd,U?de?m,"k' HUn"ry *baolutely in-! 5- To Introduce-woman suffrage To re-establiah a national council. >'an-<.ermaas Warned. Amsterdam, Oct. 3S.-A warning to1 the pan-Germans waa sounded in the Reichstag yesterday by vice Chan cellor von Payer, according to late dispatches from Berlin. h^^eKnted.COnfldence- not merely at home but also need the confidence of foreign countries." Von Payer is 2U""^ " -aytnff. "and to a certain degree even the confidence of our enemies for we want peace and we need H. Dr. Solf. the foreign minister in a speech before the Reichstag, de clared that body "emphatically re pudiates the suggestions of doubts regarding our intentions honestly to .-arry out President Wilson s prin ciples. "The question of Alsace-Lorraine is expressly mentioned among Pres ident Wilson's points. "We agree to a regulation of both Questions by the peace negotia cions. thlT .h?'r? u,t<>r?nce indicates first that the Germans consider Alsace V*'' two "Parate ques ?ons. Second, that they do not in end to evacuate the provinces a, a >;;r.t ,0 ?-n but ?>??"?; eare It to regulation " at the peace Abdication. Copenhagen, via London o?t * tr;ps?7, p j? "Till be satisfied ieroocratiaation of Germany ?nt,nued Leading papers aeem to asree th?. 1 ^ere will be no further no^T from | jermany to President Wilson pend ?n??" fr?m ,he ,ll"d gny~ nA,hier^1 fver"rn?nt?l declaration "ed Mkefy however' '? ?>n.id HRS. DANIELS PLANS TOUR TO AID FUND Mrs. Josephus Daniels, wife of the Secretary of the Navy, will leave A'ashington Tuesday morning on a j peaking tour through the South, ?frs. Daniels goes as a representative if the National Board Y. W. C. A. tnd will speak in the interests of the Jnlted War Work Campaign of the f. M. C. A.. Y. W. C. A., War Camp 'omrounity Service, National Cath ?lic War Council. Jewish Welfare f Joard. Salvation Army and the American Library .Association. ' Mrs. Daniels will open her tour >ctober 31 in Nashville. Tenn., and rill sneak in Memphis. Tenn.. Jack on. Miss.. Atlanta, Ga.. Jacksonville, ?'la., and Raleigh. N. C Schwab Dl with Influenza. New York. Oct. 26.? Charles M. <hw?b is the latest prominent vic lm of the influenza germ. The phys j rian attending the director of Uncle [ am's shipbuilding program at hi*' ome in Riverside Drive reports, | owever. that the attack is only a I light one and that Mr. Schwab will i e back on the job In a few days. 1 strikes the buyer more j s reef wily than the copy that proves I Un to he a food la vest or. fe I,"ii ii.Wii I Colonel House To Stay in Paris As U. S. Diplomat Will Await Developments. He Tells Press in Optimistic Statement. Paris. Oct 2$.?Col. E. M. House, in a statement to French Journalists at the Hotel Crillon late today, announced he had come to Europe "to take part in all diplomatic unions." and would stay here pending: devel opments. "If an inter-allied diplomatic council is established," he added, "1 shall represent the United States." Col. House expressed optimism with regard to the military sit uation and confidence that the complex political problems now | facing the allies and America would be met with courage and wisdom. His statement follows: | "Since my last visit to France | the allies' fortunes have changed I from the lowest to the highest ? i level. I "It is impossible to forget the memorable hours in which we formulated the plan to unite our military, naval and economic fortune*. From that moment on the clouds began to clear. It was then possible to discern, at first obscurely, the stars of hope. "Now the stars of victory are burning in most brilliant splen dor. Now we must face different problems, more complex, but problems which I am convinced will be met with great courage and wisdom, mastering the ex alted objects and with generous ' hearts. "I have come to Europe to take part in all diplomatic unions. My stay naturally depends upon events. If an ipter-allied diplo matic council is established I shall represent the United States.'* The arrival of Col. House Is generally and heartily welcomed by the French press as most apt to remove any possible misun derstanding. France knows he represents and expresses Presi dent "Wilson's views and it is agreed his persona! presence Is of Inestimable value to the allied I and American cause. The Colonel. | It Is pointed out. will be able to I voice President Wilson's attitude toward all the complex problems better and more clearly than formal notes could voice them. Meanwhile the formation by the allies of their attitude to I ward Germany as regards an f armistice and peace is believed i to be making rapid progress. | Definite action will be taken at an inter-allied council at Ver sailles when a Joint statement ! may be issued. | Germans Must Shorten Lines, Critic Asserts Pari!.. Oct. I'S.?Col. Heyler, military critic of tlie Journal 'le Geneve and one of tht best Known European writers on military affairs, estimates that th#? German army has shrunk from 207 divisions, which it had last March to 180, while the allied forces have grown from 180 divisions to over 200, thanks to th?- additions of American. Italian. Polish and Czech reinforcements. Consequently, the writer says, the Germans are in urgent need of shortening their front. He says they might save 80 kilometers (50 miles) by retir ing to the Meuse Antwerp line. The German ninth army Col. Feyler says, divided its units between the eUhttenth and seventh armies after the evac uation of the St. Gobain sa lient and its commander. Gen. von Carlowit*. was transferred to take command of the Ger man fifth army facing the Americans north of Verdun. "Recent German commu niques," says Col. Feyler, "show the group of armies under Gen. von Boehm has ceased to exist; the Second army unaer Gen. von der Marwitz being joined with the army under the Bavarian crown prince and the eight eenth under Von Hutier hein^ atached to the army group under the German Crown Prince." Intense Agitation Among Poles Over Wilson's Message Paris, Oct. 26.?Though separated from Poland by several hundred miles, the Polish national commit tee. which represents the reborn nation, maintains constant contact with the Polish provinces. Sometimes messages arrive di rect three times daily. Latest re ports are that there is intense agitation among the Poles based upon President Wilson's message. This agitation is particularly live ly in Prussian Poland, where the population is already assuming in dependence. The whole country is in a state of ferment. The muncipal authori ties in Koenigsburg. which is re ported as a wholly Prussian city, are making advances toward ! forming an independent republic allied with the new Poland. Most men coo Id learn much about ndvrrtUing If they did not feel they | knew it all now. Little Credence in Austria's1 Surrender, But Possibil ity Admitted. INVASION BY ITALIANS?! Offensive Takes New Phase in View of Possible Surrender. WATCH EFFECT ON GERMANY. Officials Here Most Interested in Possible Result on Berlin of ? Austrian Step. While little crcdencc is placcd in the reports of preparations for demobilization of the Austro-Hun garian array, the possibility of such a step is not denied by offi cials here. .The natural thing for Austria to do, however, would be to seek an audience with the military and naval heads of the armies and navies directly opposing her, it was said yesterday. This is what Turkey is doing at this time, and her capitulation to the allies is not far distant. Taken in connection with the report of demobilization, however, the Italian offensive, begun yes terday, assumes a new phase. The condition of the Austro-Hungar ian army may have prompted Ital ian drive, and if the reports of de mobilization are true, it may be come the real invasion of the al ready tottering dual monarchy. | Report from Swltaerlaad. The Austrian report, which was widely circulated in Europe, reached here this afternoon in a dispatch to French diplomatic quarters from Basel, which said: "According to an information from a Swiss source the Vienna pa pers are publishing communications concerning preparations for demob- ! ilisation." Interest here in the Austrian sit j uation is confined largely on the ef fect it will have on Germany. Should Austria follow Bulgaria's le-id. the end of the war. it is admitted, would be almost immediately in sight. I Austria is generally credited with Ian army of from 4.000.000 to 5.000. 000 men, though this number has been greatly reduced of late by de sertions. deaths from disease, and J other causes outside of actual mili- ' | tary losses. I An Austrian debacle would instant ly release from 3,000,000 to 4,000.000 Ital. ian and allied troops for operations against Germany, either through Aus tria or on the Western front. With conditions as bad in Germany as the world knows they are. that nation would be powerless to reduce its forces j on the West front In an attempt to thwart an invasion via Austria, and t if she did make the attempt, the atllc*. I would crush the West front and sweep directly Into Germany. It is therefore easily recognized how des perate would be the plight of Ger many. If the Austrian report is true, or even has the semblance of truth to !?, it may hasten action on the other side in the general direction of peace. Formulation of the -Terms of an arm stice, by the entente powers and the I'nited States, is now under way, and Germany would be compelled to ac cept almost any terms if she knew Austria's official military life had but a short time to run. A n\loan Over Armistice. German press comment on Presi dent Wilson's note, received here! yesterday in official dispatches from i Berne, reveals a mixed public opin ion half satisfied because the Presi dent answered the German com munication but likewise extremely anxious regarding the armistice terms of the entente. One disaptch says: "The German opinion is plainly aware that President Wilson's note contains some demands which the [German pride will find hard to ad j mit and the general feeling is one I of painful perplexity and of ter rible anxiety." | The Berliner Tageblatt, it is I pointed out. seems to know that the | Imperial government does not in I tend to send a reply and that It considers the next move to be from the entente In the form of terms. I The conservative and pan-German I organs maintain their usual attl- j tude, but protest against the treat ment that appears to be in store for Germany. Some typical comments are: "Wilson wants to subjugate us"? The Berliner Neustre Zeitung "Wil son wants first to humiliate ?xnd then ! annihilate us"?the Deutseh Tages Zeitung. According to the Berliner Zeitung von Acht Uhr the Beichstag shows a great diversity of feeling while a rather ambiguous statement is made by the Nord Duetsche AUgemeine Zeitung, as follows: "Wilson realises the ability of the political and military chiefs of the Western powers to carry out the sug gestions. Germaany then must first know on what terms the entente would consent to an armistice and if the entente is inclined to open peace negotiations on the basis of the Wil- , son program.*' The Germania evidently attempts to tranquillize its readers by saying the President's note is framed In an en- j gaging way. and adding: j "In a general way we think this 1 COKTLNUID ON PAGS TWO. U-BOATS SINK FEW SHIPS. Tonnage Destroyed in September Lowest Since August. 1916. London. Oct. 26.?During the month of September, despite the admittedly Increased number of German U-boats at work, only 150,000 tons of British shipping were sunk, which Is the low est figure since August. 1916. At the i same time the losses of shipping of | Great Britain's allies and of neutrals ; has fallen to 88.0(17 tons, which, with the exception of April, this year, is the lowest figure for any month since | 1?16. ' COMMON AIR FORCE URGED. Interallied Arm to Bomb Germany, London Idea. London. Oct. 36. - The Interallied, Parliamentary Committee advocates! ? thelreation of an interallied air force | to bomb Germany out of the war, and suggests common control of aero- j nautical material. A resolution urging j that Germany be compelled to replace I all tonnage destroyed by U-boats also I was adopted. President Wilson s pro- | posal for a league of nations after the j war was Indorsed. ALL CLOCKS I TURNED BACK1 Nation Resumes Former Schedule of Timekeep ing This Morning. Have vou turned your '-lock back? , Kvery well-regulated timepiece In j Washington was turned back an j hour, or set forward eleven this morning to give old Father Time j an opportunity to catch up with the | hour he gained late last night. Promptlv at : o'clock this morning i the city and nation went back to ?J?e old time schedule in effect Congress added an hour to daylight last spring. Sixty million "jocks mid an almost equal number of throughout the country regained the hour stolen by Congress on the last Sunday of last March, and from now on Uiitil next March there will be an end to daylight saving. The master clock controlling th entire time-recording facilities of the country, located at the Arling ton wireless station was back one hour and the news flashed to all quarters of the glob''. Clocks in the various departments of the government were either stopped for one hour, or turned back by the watchman in charge. The official watchman of the Senate be gan his Job of clock-turning at fi o'clock last night, and expects to be still tumtnur * this afternoon. I There are over 200 clocks in the I Senate. ^Rval ( lofkn the Same. | The clocks of the Naval Observa tory will remain the same, for since I March last they have been running | by Greenwich time, and W. B. Watts. I in charge at the observatory, declares they will continue to run by that time j for an indefinite period. Greenwich i time is five hours ahead of our regu lar time, and four according to the j daylight saving schedule. j All sorts of advice has been given I by jewelers in regard to the manner i of bringing your clock Into line again | with the solar time. The quickest ! way to set yourself right with the (time keeping work, is to set the hands ; of the clock back to 1 o'clock. This, (however, some jewelers claim is not I good for the clock's health, and you j are advised to move the hands forward 'eleven hours. In order to settle dis putes on the subject. Tiffany and Company, of New York, have issued a comprehensive statement which ! should prove of value. The statement reads as follows: "The majority of timepieces may safely be set back one hour by turn ing the hands with the stem or key, or by hand, as the case may be. Striking clocks may also usually be set back, but this can be done only by one who understands at what point of the time it may be done Without injury. Therefore striking clocks should be set forward eleven hours, striking at each interval, un less convenient to stop the clock for one hour. Pendulum clocks would preferably be stopped. "Watches may safely be turned back one hour, excepting that the hands should not be set forward, or backwards while the movement is j striking. Complicated calendar movements in both watches and i clocks should be stopped one hour." Trains Held lp. All railroad trains were held up for Ian hour at station reached at hour ! nearest 2 o'clock. In every railroad office all changes made by the em ' ployes were reported to the train dis Ipatcher. who. under orders from the l Federal Railroad Administration, was held responsible that the change was overlooked by no one. Senator Calder, of New York, who introduced the daylight saving bill 'into the Senate, stated last night that 1 the measure had saved the country $2,000,000 in gas bills alone. Coal con sumption has been cut 1,125.000 tons, the Fuel Administration declares. Several attempts have been made to have the daylight-saving plan con tinued throughout the winter, tut the bill failed to pass the House. The i scheme was in operation in Europe ' several years before the matter was taken up by the people of this coun try- Twelve European countries, ev ery European nation in fact except Russia, have instituted similar sys tems of conserving daylight and have found them satisfactory. The flrst country to put the plan into actual operation was Germany, in the early days of the war. A. Walter, clockmaker. and under study for Father Time, started turn ing back the hands of time for the Senate at ? o'clock yesterday even ing. Two hundred and nine clocks to be turned back one hour, before 2 o'clock sounds, but Mr. Walter says that it can be done if you start in early enough. Mr. Walter is used to playing Father Time for the 8enate. having received considerable practice last March in turning up the hands of the 200 clocks one hour. He says he had added the nine clocks of the Su preme Court chamber to his list, but doesn't expect to get around to them before breakfast. SEES ISSUES DEEPER THAN WAR CONDUCT Pittman Says Wilson's Claim to Support Lies in Principles. READJUSTMENT VITAL Both Parties Loyal, But Differences Are Real, Senator Says. "Do the American people approve of the President's program for de mocracy and lasting peace throughout the world and will they give them the support necessary to enforce such a program?" "Do the people of the United States approve of the progressive principles of democracy established under Wood row Wilson's administration, atd will they support him in maintaining such I principles in the reconstruction that' must follow in the United States J after the war"' These are the two dominant is sues in the present campaign, ifi the opinion of Senator Key Pittman. of j Nevada. The conduct of the war can not be an issue, he says. The1, real issues between the Democratic ! party and the Republican party, ac- i ! cording to the Senator, have baen! made by the Republican leaders upon the floors of Congress and in i the public forum. | "They relate to the future conduct i of our Government in peace re-ad i justments abroad and at home," I Senator Pittman declares. "They ! arise from the opposition of Repub j lican leaders to the President's pro gram for a lasting world peace ?after this war. and to his attitude towards reconstructive legislation | in our own country when peace shall have been declared and conditions become normal." War Practically Won. These issues are of momentous im portance to the people of the country. I the Senator believes, because "the war has been practically won and the great and vital task of re-adjustment is about to try the patience, justice and diplomacy of the statesmen of i the world, led by our own President." ' "The German rn-ople will ^w 'ultimatum of Woodrow Wilson," the [Senator predicts, a?d will "depose the , Hohetizollecn ibuuily, r?k?*utU> to ob j scurity tfiemilitarists, and establish 1 a democracy based upon universal I suffrage. They will accept such arm istice as Foch. Haig and Pershing |n?v prescribe. This will place Ger many at the mercy of the allies and .will in effect be an unqualified sur j render. The greatest, most brutal and destructive war in all history will then be over." j The issues cannot involve questions (of loyalty. Senator Pittman explains, because both parties have been loyal. "They cannot involve questions re lating to preparation for and the con duct of the war; there is no complaint with regard to this matter. Both parties were loyal in their support of the President and each is equally proud of the wonderful achievement." Denial by Se?tt Ferris. J The claim put forth by leaders of the Republican party that their rnem l?ers in Congress have given greater support to the President on war legis lation than the President's own party was denied here last night by Rep ] resentative Scott Ferris, chairman of ' the Democratic National Congres sional Campaign Committee. "The records show that the Demo crats rather than the Republicans have upheld the hands of the Presi dent." said Representative Ferris, in a lengthy statement analysing the records of the two parties. Continu ing. he said in part: "In a hopeless effort to convince the country fhat the minority party has given greater support to the Presi ! d?'nt on war legislation than the Dem ocratic majority. Republican leaders resort to generalities, speak of per centages. but carefully refrain from mentioning the actual votes on the great war bills." WAR WORKERS URGED I TO HAIL READY AUTOS New Posters Announce Policy of Emergency Service. New poster sannouncing the policy of the emergency automobile service I planned for war workers will be put in prominent places, the Govern ! mental Emergency Committee of the , Division on Transportation announced I las* night. j These posters urge war workers to ? hail any automobile having the offi ' cial sign on the windshield. 1 The new instructions issued by the , Emergency Committee of the Divis ion on Transportation are as follows: "1. Paste sign on back of wind shield faced forward. These signs I will be furnished by the Police De i partment. stations and substations, | and gasoline filling stations. Signs ? can also be obtained from J. M. Stod Idard captain motor division. Home j Defense League. 1138 Connecticut av I enue. _ . . ? "2. Duty is 7 to 9:30 a. m. and 4:30 to t>:30 P- ni., when on way to desti nation. Destinations on the sign will enable war workers to Identify the route to be taken. "3. If on an errand of mercy or necessity and war workers, hall an I automobile, wave hand and point j forward. It will be understood that your car is in a hurry. "4. You are not expected to carry more passengers than your automo bile seats comfortably. "5. The prompt co-operation of all owners of automobiles is essen tial to fully meet emergency. Own ers are a?ked to equip themselves with windshield signs and to ex plain its object to others." Italy Recognizes Czechs, Report. Pari*. Oct 26 ?An Ajfence radio dis patch from Rome states that Italy tins officially recognised the provis ional Csecho-Slovak government CABLE TO BULGARIA OPEN Mestages to Balkan Kingdom Are Sent at Owner't Ri?k. No* York, Oct. 26 ?For the first time since Bulgaria entered the war cable mesMfea may now be sent to that country from America. The Commercial Cable Company sent out the following notice today, marking the com plete restitution of the Balkan kingdom an a peaceful country: "Private messages for Bulgaria may now be accepted at sender's risk routed via Eastern and writ ten In plain language, English or French." TEDDY S 60TH BIRTHDAY. Colonel Will Celebrate Occasion1 With Three of His Children. Oyster Bay. N. V.. Oct. 26.?Col. | Roosevelt will celebrate his 60th birth- j day tomorrow Three of his children. Mrs. Nicholas Longworth. Mrs. Rich ard Derby and Capt. Archibald Roose velt, who was invalided home from the Western front, will take part in the celebration, together with Mrs. Derby's little son and daughter and Archie, Jr., who Is Just 8 months old. ALASKAN SHIP LOST WITH 343 Princess Sophia Sinks in Storm, Not One Aboard Being Saved. Seattle. Wash. Oct. ?Three hundred ond forty-three persons. J largely returning Alaskans. per | ished when the Canadian Pacific j steamship Princess Sophia. Capt. I* | Lock, which ran on Vanderbilt Reef. (Lynn Canal Thursday morning at 3 I o'clock, lurched off and sank last I night. Not one person aboard was i saved. Wireless and telegraphic reports (received here and at Victoria give j hut ger details of the distress ling sea tragedy. The loss of life Is among the largest Involved in any jof the many marine disasters of the Pacifii:. and the greatest number of I persons that ever perished in any | shipwreck on the Alaskan coast j The vessel went to her doom in a | storm, earn ing with her all those I aboard, both passengers and crew. Of ! passenpers. according to report* re icejved by local Canadian Pacific offl ! clals. there-Mere as and seventy-8ve j members of the crew From the fact I that a stretch of the Alaska cable J between Juneau and Sitka has been I down for a week it has been Im possible to get news of the plight of . the Princess Sophia save such meagre Information as was sent from day to day by wireless. These reports, with the exception of one flashed Friday. | failed to indicate severity of weather | conditions. Word front Captain. I Nothing came from the commander i of the vessel, whose silence in a | measure was construed as meaning j that he did "*ot believe his vessel In . great danger. Nevertheless. the Ci.nadian Pacific steamship Princess Alice was sent to the assistance of the Princess Sophia, her sister ship. I Thursday afternoon and the British Columbia Salvage Company steamer Tees proceeded Friday from Victoria The Princess Alice will probablv reaoh the scene of the wreck tonight or tomorrow morning. According to reports from the North such vessels as were in I.ynn Canal waters rushed to the assistance of the Princess Sophia, hut these appear not to have been able to approach near enough to render any assistance, owing to the raging storm. Passengers aboard the Princess Sophia had been Mockaded at Skag way for weeks, unable to secure a boat out. Mining; Men Aboard. Those perishing undoubtedly jn elude a number of Alaska operators of prominence. especially from Fair banks. Ruby and other Lotoer Yukon districts, also presumably a large number of Klondike operators and residents of Dawson and other towns along the Canadian Yukon. Ever since the Princess Sophia piled up on the rooks Alaska newspapers nave been sending out cablegram* making frantic efforts to learn thr Identity of passengers aboard th* doomed ship. This information could not be obtained owing to crippled cable service. The Princess Sophia sailed from Skagwav for Vancouver and Victoria aL ^ o'clock last Wednesday ni^ht. She ran on the rocks in a snowstorm the following morning. CapL Ix>ck s first message indicated his belief that he would be able to get the ship off at high tide Thursday afternoon. Be lieving this report, the Tees was held at Victoria for a few hours. Had she set sail at once she would have reached the Princess Sophia in time to render assistance. 5-M?le Ki*s Alleged in N. Y. Divorce Suit; Bag Maker Blamed New York. Oct. 26.?A five-mile kiss fltrures among the allegations in a divorce action filed today in the Supreme Court by Mrs. Hattie E. Tompkins against States D. Tompkins. president of Miller Tompkins & Co.. manufacturers of paper bags. Mrs. Tompkins accuses her hus band of being too attentive to Mrs. Emily Dills, wife of a Brook lyn dentist. Tompkins admits having given costly presents to Mrs. Dills, but says it wa& with the knowledge and consent of her husband. The five-mile kiss was revealed in the testimony of Mrs. Burt D. Harrington, who declared that Tompkins kept his lips to those of Mrs. Dills during an automobile ride for this distance. Tompkins denied his wife's alle gations of Impropriety. Allied Conncil to Chtht. Paris. Oct. 26.?The Interallied <?o?n cil will meet at Versailles Tuesdi i was announced late today. FROM DUTCH FRONTIER TO MEUSE OUR ARIES DRIVE ON VICTORIOUSLY Valenciennes Being Taken from Rear and Drive Is Started Northward?Ger man Rearguards Fight Desperately. ITALIANS TAKE 2,149 PRISONERS ,Piave Offensive Regarded as Local, hut Fore shadowing Important Events?Ameri cans Overcome Resistance. ? London, Oct. 26.?All the way between the Dutch frontier ?n<! the Meuse allied-Americarj pressure is being maintained. In the center, on a line paralleling the Tournai-Laon line, the Germans were forced to accelerate their retreat materially. In heavy fighting, in which their fierce resistance brought them nothing but new heavy losses, they were thrown from strong positions and substantial progress was made by the British toward Mons and Maubeuge. while the French cut fresh chunks out of the apex of the salient north and east of La on. The main British successes was scored on the front north andj south of Valenciennes, principally south of that great rail key. There they crossed the Valenciennes-Avesnes Railway in force and threw the Germans back across the Rhonelle River, taking 1,000 prisoners ancL advancing fully two miles in a northeasterly direction. Tonight the British stand at the bend of the Rhonelle, just east of Artres, seventeen mlies west of Maubeuge. Further southeastward) they have taken the village of Englefontaine, and there only four-t teen miles separate them from the French fortress. There is, however, still the great Mormal forest to overcome. At last reports the British | were biting their way into the eastern outskirts. BRITISH DRIVE NORTHWARD. Crossing of the great double track railway running southeastward j from Valenciennes to Hirson has enabled the British to start an ad-| I vance northward, taking Valenciennes in the rear. The Germans ari | hanging on desperately to the southern and eastern outskirts of that' town. | ' The French scored an important advance by taking Mortiers, Ie?^ I than six miles from the rail base of Marie. lYito this latter town! run two important rails, one from ha Fere, the other from LaotuJ 'From Marie northeastward runs a railway to Hirson and anothei^ | via Liart to Mezieres. Rethel, the big rail pivot far to the southeast, northeast oft 1 Rheims, is now virtually flanked on the east and west, and its abao ! donment is a matter of days. The French in their northward drive east of Laon smashed for-' | ward on a seventeen-mile front between Sissonne and Chateau j Porcien, advancing between one and two miles, and grappling the ; formidable Hunding line. Pershing's forces further eastward made fresh local progress in their attacks on the Freya Stellung. The crumbling of the German center also has resulted in a new j giving away of their front in Belgium. At Ooteghem the British to- ? night are seven and a half miles slightly southwest of Audenarde. comparable as a railway point to Valenciennes, while the French i have taken Zulte, only nine miles northwest of Audenarde. Italian Drive l'rotr??M ? ? Rom*'. Oct. 26.?The Italian? t0"!11 tacks broke <i "WY1 everywhere. Our ! 2.149 prisoner* in the Mont grappa j troops held all their positions. 'sector yesterday. General Dial an- Prisoners tak.n since yesterday number more than 2.300 One division nounoed late today. .alone took hundr?*ds of machine gun*. "In heavy fighting we maintained 1 'There were no important actions our gains in the Mont Grappa see- j on the rest of the front." tor." continues General IMas's state ment. "We captured Mont Vfllderoa. J i^maa Statement. northwest of Spianoeia" Berlin, via London. Oct. * -To It is perhaps prema ure '' fu-[ nipht's German war office annonnce acteriae <h>> attacks begun by m,,nt sayF Italians yesterday along the Piave ...^ ,io|| m w?. I ?tl and on the mountain front as a ma jor offensive, but important results j quiet. alreadv have been achieved and the ' /^ we? P:,rt,.l elements Situation is favorable all around. I between the Scheldt a.rf m. Oiae Today's war office statement fol- , rnach ???eks were contiwu*! i . I south of the Oise where they were a,- Rront/I and thf'^rought to a standstill by us. Between the Dronvi ano mt , . . . . ..rtiiurv' Klsewhere enemy attacks also fail Piave there was fierce artillery' .. fighting. . , I "On the east bank of the Meuse me "The enemv launched unsuccessful ine . |iv.,v deiired out a nest of Americans, o 'iinter attacks. There Has lively c-unifr *. i savs today s war office announce ftghtinK at Asolene and Pertica. ? where the enemv resistance whs par- ... . . , . . * ... .iris- ? On the heights west of the Aisne. tienlariv strong. We took J"' pn?- ? ? ucuiariy * j enemy penetrated our positions, oners. t . "All along the Piave is unchanged" | Belgian War Report. Importani 4'aptaren Made. ! JJa\ re. via lx>ndon. Oct. 2K?Tonight's London. Oct. 2K-?"We captured i Belgian war office statement says: Artres and Kumars and the crossings "There was only artillery fighting of the River Rhonelle Houth of \ alen- I today. We reduced German machine ciennes." says Meld Marshal Haig. in gun nests north of Ronselo." his night report. j Ronselo lies eight miles northwest "We took 1.000 prisoners." of Ghent. The capture of Famars and Artres I I and the crossing of the River Rhon- j with the American Army in France, elle mark further Important progress . 3G.?With the day's operations the of the Britirfi and Americans in their drive in the center of the Western battle line toward Maubeuge. Capture of the Rhonelle crossings means an advance of at least two and a half miles since yesterday, when the British stood at Maing. Famars lies two and a half miles south of Valenciennes, and Artres is a little more than four miles below that great rail key. Both places lie east Americans completely consolidated their positions on the formidable 1.J00 foot heights of the Bo is de Traya. northeast of Verdun. This height, on which Is located the Pyon observatory, was taken in the face of sweeping machine-gun fire. Rome. Oct. 36?Albanian bands on the Balkan front have joined the Italians. Oen. Diaz announced today. ?f.,the V^l.enCLerne8nAVew<'B"^'r^n i They have hoisted the Italian flag railway. The Rhonelle river is the(sn(J %re harassing the Austrian re last natural obstacle blocking the way < to the Valenclennes-Bavai-Maubege | rail from the south. The Brtish. Field Marshal Haig II J Told adds, are now pushing along the east nam rig IUII1 ? 1 UiU bank of the Scheldt toward the south- . n P-?rcLin? ern outskirts of Valenciennes. ? CI alllllg. French Drive Oa. Paris. Oct. 26 ? Further progress be tween the Oise and Serre as the result of a new pu?h supported by tanks is tionary Forces. Oct. 26?On the V* _ _ _ _ W ?. ? V. ? C ma nolt W o p i k/A i i n a ^ - ? a aL ? W^aat a W a ? .r?? 4 I ^ ? i The following American mumque was issued last night by the War IVpartmenl: Headquarters. American Expedi reported by the French War Office in its communique tonight. "The enemy offered strong resist ance," says the communique, "but we have taken Pleinselve. Perpevllle and Chevreais les Dames and pushed north of Pleinselve to the edge of Court Junelle. taking numerous prisoners "Between Sissone and Chateau Por cien the Germans tried by heavy counter-attacks to recover their losses of yesterday, renewing their attacks repeatedly, especially south of Ba ognes and Moulin Harpy, but their at dun front the battle has continued with vrolence east of the Meuse. LAte yesterday our troops enlarged their important gains eouth of the Consenvoye-Damvillers road and oc cupied completely the Bo is D'Or mont Today the enemy counter attacked repeatedly and with strong forces on the front from the Bols DOrmont to ths Bois DKtrayes. Although supported by violent artillery ?nd machine gun lire, his CONTINUED OK PAG* j