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America's Historic Answer: "Unconditional Surrender!
77 THE WEATHER Today?Fair; slightly cooler. To morrow?Fair. ? Highest temperature yesterday, 77; lowest, 62. ERALD 30,000 persons are reading this paper every morning. Have vom a message to put before them? Call the Advertising Department of The Herald. Main 3300. WASHINGTON, D. C.. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1918. nvr rrvr wi?iw ??* v A KlM-? krrt Tw? Grata. IA-HUNGARY WILL BOW CONDITIONAL SURRENDER ALLANS GAM 4 TAKE 7,000 PRISl 3ops of Diaz Advance Deelly on 6-Mile Front, Crossing PiavAm Line of 1 2 Miles. iNKS SHELL VITAL erican Guns Pounding German Communication on Southwest Frc French Drive Toward Hirson. 'AY |ne It. of London, Oct. 28.?Latest word from the Piavffront is the Italians and British have advanced four ile front, taking 7,000 prisoners. The Italians crossed the Piave on a twelve of Montello. The bridging operations were lal ult. The advance is reported continuing satisfact DROP SHELLS CONTINUOUSLY. V'rth the American First Army, Oct. 28.?-From a twenty miles shells from American guns are now d isly upon one of the most important German lines of on the West front, the lateral railway running through nedy and Longuy. t is this railway over which the German high commai troops from the northern to the southern fronts. fire is being ranged and directed by American p far behind the enemy lines. Destruction of the tunnel! Lould interrupt the German traffic for some time, thoi kary that we shell an area several miles deep in orde t the line. J~he big Yankee guns were placed in position for tl al days ago. They began firing as soon as fair weather observation. ts on a front and nee of ng con ramuni ieres, s shift Nttion this it is ictually work itted FRENCH ADVANCE FIVE MILES. ondon, Oct. 28.?The Germans late today are reporte 1 falling to the high ground covering Hirson, following a Fr of five miles on a front of sixteen miles between the erre. The enemy has been losing heavily in this area. rh ad kc and ,ondon, Oct. j8.?The British line was advanced today Btween 'honellr and Scheldt rivers. Field Marshal Haig says in W night (. A hundred prisoners were taken. ) 's Attacks Repulsed, - Iking Reports. I following American official kmique was issued by the War ftraent yesterday: _ pquarters American ExpecMtion t- rorces, Oct. 36.?On the Verdun I yesterday evening the enemy Bed to the west side of the *h f his efforts to wrest from our( } the gains of the preceding lI In the region of Bantheville, artillery preparation lasting .1 an hour, he attacked our posi- I pi; I between the Bois des Rappes i |he Bois de Bantheville. After n fighting he was repulsed with ?*. r losses, our line remaining every ?c | unchanged. North of the Oise . roops have organised the ground In yesterday's local attack and low established in positions in I li . pttthem portion of the Bois de ?. * hjgne. On both banks of the artillery Are continued heavy * khout the night. Y i battle being fought by our first north of Verdun, which today upon its second month, is con g with incessant severity, fre ly rising to a pitch of extreme ce. On the entire front of y-flve miles the enemy is oppos > our successful attack a deter resistance. made necessary by El ^eat importance to him of this , *nd made possible only by the ,nt reinforcement of his hard d divisions. Besides having in on the enemy severe losses in *nd wounded, we have captur this front since September 26 than 20.000 prisoners; and in the j S of our advance over 150 guns. J r 1.000 trench mortors and sev thousand machine guns have I into our hands. eu Woods , lands of Yanks. following American official unique was issued by the Department yesterday: Ldquarters. American Expedl ry Forces. Oct. 28.?On the front east of the Meuse roops yesterday carried out a naful local attack against the Belleu. As a result of this tion. this wood, which has been ene of constant fighting since er ?5th. is entirely in our Further south lively com ire in progress in the eastern n of the Bois D*Ormont. Ar ' fire has been violent on tha from Bois de la Grande Mon to the Bois de Caures. it of the Meuse hostile ele - which attempted under cover W *Vy shelling to penetrate our efts north of Grand Pra were l by our machine gun fire. - other sectors held by our K kvthe day was quiet TONE MORE APPROPRl Latest German Note London Press Opinio! London. Oct. 28.?The generally expressed by the press is that the latest note strikes a more apprd tone. Certain daubts. howevf expressed in some British as to the thoroughness of the) ocratic changes In German! trol, and it is suggested thfl sword still remains In the of the autocracy. -n. The Daily Chronicle says:i%he German reply is in effect afltn qualified acceptance. Present Wilson has laid down the PVfci ple that an armistice must fon terms which would preclude mtny from renewing ho?ti|^s. Dr. Solf gives the principle hhpl lent consent when, without mo tioning it, he renews his reA,st for an armistice and asks lhaFde tailed terms be specified. "Nothing remains but for! associated powers to annoi without delay the program off val and military measures in the judgment of Adn Wemyss, Marshal Foch and coadjutors, the armistice nec| tates. "It would be possible, of coU for Germany to object to det^ after she had agreed to the prilj pies, but it is not likely. If situation were other than desp ate she would never have gonel far as ahe has. One has onlyjj read the messages from Austr Hungary to see that the whole i her power in Eastern Europe j collapsing." TO RESUME DRAFT CALL Call Will Be Announced Sundy and Large Number Is Expected Movement of selective service men to training camps will be resumed next week, it became known at lie office of tli3 Fiovost Marshal Cln eial yesterday. The first call Jill be announced Sunday, but whel?r the former program of 250,000 a moith to camp will be resumed or an In creased pro/.*R.m put into effectj i.< not vet known ;utside the offlce^of the General Staff. Unofficial mat ions that all of the Class 1 up to 45 years will be in the by Jar.uary 1 are heard. Tlie first m;i to he col.ed are men notified to report to camp the la?t two calls, both of wh^ were canceled. There wcr> '42.0'W the first of lh<*e. and 114.0 0 in tft second, but im/st of the 114,008 hail i-cen included In the fli?t cance cd calL ARMISTICE TERMS FRAMED Announcement by Allies Ex pected Before Thursday. London. Oct. 28.?It is permissi ble to state that the allied armis tice terms have been framed. An announcement of the terms is ex pected to be forthcoming ?.?rfore Thursday. ? INDICTBERGER ON WAR ACTS Socialist Editor, with Four Others, Arrested Because of "Disloyalty" Articles. Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 28.?Victor L Burger, who was the first Socialist elected to Congress. Louis A. Ar nold, Edmund T. Nelms, Leo. Krxy cki, and Oscar Ameringer. all Social ist leaders, were arrested here today for alleged violation of the espionage act. Mr. Berger as editor of the Mil waukee Leader, Socialist organ, is alleged to have published articles "tending to incite, provoke and en courage resistance to the United j States, bringing our form of govern ment into contempt; attempting to cause insubordination, disloyalty, mu tiny and refusal of duty in the naval and military forces of the United States; conveying false reports with intent to interfere with the opera tion of naval and military opera tions and with obstructing recruit ing and enlistment." The indictments against the other Socialists are based upon matters published in "The Voice of the Peo ple." a Socialist publication. The So cial" Democrat Publishing Company, publisher of the Milwaukee Leader, also was indicted. Mr Berger was indicted in Chicago several months ago with a number of nationally known Socialists for al leged violation of the espionage act. He is slated for trial in Chicago early in November. INTERNED HUN TELLS STARTLING STORIES Testimony of Court Minolta to Be Used in Caillaux Trial. New York. Oct. 28.?Startling disclo sures regarding negotiations betweei Joseph Caillaux. former Premier of France, now awaiting trial for hlgi treason, and Count von Luxburg. for mer German minister to Argentina, have been made by Count Jamea Minotta. according to a statement made today b* Deputy State Attor ney General Becker. | Minotta, who is a son-in-law of Louis F. Swift, of Chicago, was brought here last week from Fort Oglethorpe where he has been intern ed as an enemy alien, and was ques tioned by Mr. Becker regarding cer tain phases of German intrigue against France. The interned count, who is known to have had close relations with the "spurlos versenkt" diplomat, talked freely, according to Mr. Beck er. and gave information which is like ly to have an important hearing in the prosecution of Cailliux whose trial begins tomorrow in Paris. Minotta's testimony, has been turned over to the French Embassy in Wash ington. and a summary has been cabled to Paris for use in the trial. BELGIUM RULERS MOTOR TO BRUGES Enthusiasm Reigns Among Citizens When They Are Recognized. London^ Oct. 28.?The King and Queen of Belgium paid a formal visit to Bruges on Friday. The Times cor respondent says: "Both ?he King and Queen had al ready visited Bruges informally on Monday last when they arrived by motor car/ and informants ^tell me that when their presence was then discovered the people were almost delirious with joy. "On Friday their majesties, with Prince Leopold, rode in on horseback, the King and prince in uniform, the Queen in white. Their progress through the streets was accompanied by one continuous tumult of ecstatic enthusiasm, the crowds being with difficulty kept within bounds by the military. "Finally after the royal family had dismounted and ascended the steps of the governor's house in the great square, the people would no longer be restrained. "It was an unforgetable scene, when, as if by-orie impulse, the popu lace grew out of hand and from all sides at once swept forward, carry ing the lines of guards with it In one universal rush *.o get near the sov ereign." WILL LEAVE FOR FRANCE. Theodore C- Merrill, 1855 Calvert street northwest, physician, and a medical assistant at the Department of Agriculture, has been accepted by the overseas departments of the Young Men's Christian Association and will leave for France ab^ut November 5. Mr. Merrill is a graduate of Brown University, and Is a well-known writer on technical and medical papers. He has been in active practice twelve years, six of which have been spent ^n the service of the Department of | Unrestrained in Bitterness, Parties "Shift Buck" on War Responsibility. | CONSUME ENTIRE DAY Checkmate Move to Recess That Criticism Can v Continue. The campaign for the control of the next Congress was switched yesterday to the floor of the Sen ate. The barriers against criticism of the President and his an nounced principles of peace were ihrown down by the Republicans in speeches attacking not only those principles of settlement, but the appeal made by the President for the election of a Congress in sympathy with him. i Administration Senators came back with speeches vigorously de fending the President and placing the responsibility for the injection of politics into the war upon the shoulders of the Republicans. The oratorical battle waged all day with, but a brief intermission, dur ing which time Senator Martin managed to secure the adopton of the conference report on the $6,000,000,000 urgent deficiency (measure so that it can go to the President to be signed. Rffue to Adjtini. 1 The temper of the Republican* and j their resentment of the President'^ course in asking for the election of a , Democratic Congress was shown by l the refusal of the Republican leaders I to consent to a recess of Conjrresa un i til after the election. The resolution j for a recess to bejein today and to last until (November 12 had already been adopted by the House. And it was fully expected that the Senate would join with the House in adopt ' inK it. But I?dRe, of Massachusetts; | Penrose, of Pennsylvania, and Smoot. j of Utah, went into "conference" and 1 thereupon served notice upon Majority j Leader Martin and Chairman Sim | mons, of the Finance Committee, that ?they would not permit the Senate to I adjourn. J This means that each House will meet every third day until the end .of the year, and although no business lean be transacted because there is 'not a quorum of the House in Wash ? in^ton. more speetlies may b? made and the attacks upon the Piesidcnt ! may be continued every day the Sen ate meets. There will be onlv two sessions of the Senate before the day of election, and the plans of the Re CONT1NCED ON PAGE TWO. ' RETREAT BECOMING ROUT. Trench Paper Say? Germans I Are Now in Disorder. Paris. Oct. 28?"It is impossible as yet to measure the Oermin re treat before the armies of Gen*. Debeny, Mangin, Gulllaucet be tween the Oise and the Aisne, ' says ^'Information. "Already the retreat is tak' on a character of disorder, despite the enfAcernent of fresh German divisions at the critical points. "The Guise-Marie Uailroad has been cut by French cavalry and the fall of Guise is asjured/' DISBURSERS DO DOUBLE DUTY; The expense of running the District | government during the fiscal year ; ended June 30. 1918, was I12.242.003.il. This is the figure given by J. P. j L.U8by. disbursing officer for the Dis trict, in his report for that period. Of this total. $3,000,000 waa disbursed in cash. During the last year the work of the disbursing office has been prac tically doubled, owing to an order of the Commissioners that all laborers in the employ of the District are to be paid weekly instead of semi- j monthly, as formerly. Ibis has ne cessitated an extra pav roll being made out. Despite the ?rra: increase in work, the office has been able to keep up to its record for efficiency, owing to the willingness of its em ployes. More than 200.000 transactions were carried on with employes Involving jrreat sums of money. This is more than has been the case In former years, owing to the immense amount of work made necessary by the war. as. for instance, the draft boards. ] Credit Balaace 8k*?ni. During the year the sum total of $13.184.52?.20 was placed to the official' credit of the dish irsing officer, th.^1 unexpended balance from the pre- j vious year was $78,941.46 and the can celed cheo.ks and special deposits amounted to $10,951.06, making a grand ? total of $12,274,421.72 to be accounted : for. The amount of checks drawn against the said total charged was \ $12.34 .',003. .*>1 and the amount of re payments of appropriations was $997.- j 910.18, leaving a net balance to, the j credit of the disbursing officer on June 30. 1918. pf $34.!**.03. During the j^-ar. 102.658 Checks were ' issued by this officer, an increase of | 1,448 oVer tiie preceding year. The I number of vouchers unon which j checks and cash were disbursed was1 24.671. Over 3.000 payments were made to1 witnesses and jurors in the Police j Court. Juvenile Court. lunacy proceed- I ings and the coroner's office while I payment was refused on Police Court J Jurors* fees in the total amount of $1,478. due to the appropriation being exhausted. A deficiency appropria- j tion to cover these payments has been requested. More than 8.000 checks! were mailed to abandoned wives and i nonsupported wives and children, and j pensioners of the police and fire de partment were paid a total of 4.719! checks. i It to Run District, Says Report. Declare Allied Nation* Are in Accord with President Wilson's Terms?Deplore Polit ical Squabble Which Has Sprung Up as War Crisis Is Passed. Word brought to Washington last night by returning members of the delegation of publishers, including newspapermen and maga zine editors, who have been in Europe for several weeks as guests ? of the British and French governments, pledges undivided support , of the peoples and administrators of those two countries to the : principles of peace as se^out by President Wilson in his fourteen i articles, his subsequent speeches and diplomatic notes. Premiers Clemenceau and Lloyd# I George are in absolute accord with him. His every step is approved andJthe surrender-of the Rhine forts and joined in by the Versailles conferene | He is the idol of the French and Eng 1 lish ? people. Germany is about to bow | to his will. 8he is re-organizing her ffovernmeuL She is prepared to ac ' cept the terms of the armistice he and Ithe allies will demand. Two weeks ago England knew that Saxony and Bavaria had served notice 'on Prussia that her autocratic junker system of government would no longer ' be tolerated. Now England believes that the terms of the armistice which j the allies will allow will be accepted by the new German government, and I that the basis of peace outlined by the President will later be accepted in full and the methods pf its appli cation which the allies may desire will be accepted with little objective by a new Germany's representative. tiemstj Near Ea4. The armistice which Germany will undoubtedly accept will provide for the disarmament of the German armies, their retirement beyond the Rhine and return to their homes, the surrender of the, German U M e | cities Into the allies hands for the *1 duration of the armistice and repara tion for all damage to Belgium, France, Serbia and Italy. Among the members of the group of newspaper men returning here yes | terday with news of the war zone were: James M. Thomson, publisher of the New Orleans Item, and F. W. Kellogg, publisher of the San Fran cisco Call. Member of the party were surprised that the political outbreak In this country should have involved the conduct of the war and the nego tiations looking toward peace. "Our party left France less than three weeks ago." said Mr. Thomson, "and England twelve days ago. In dividually and as a group we met and conferred with the representative men in the allied governments and In the allied armies. Everywhere ad miration was expressed for the mas terly diplomacy of President Wilson and for the strategy which he was showing in the handling of the situa tion. Our allies are standing by and relying upon the President. CONTINUED ON PAGE ACCEPTS PRESIDENTS PEACE TERMS AND ASKS TO ARRANGE INSTANT i CONSIDERATION OF AN ARMISTICE World Awaits Result of Su-j preme War Council Meeting Today. GERMAN REPLY ARRIVES General Belief That Enemy Must Accept Armistice Terms. CENTRAL POWERS IN REVOLT Bavarian Socialists Demand Repub lic, with Liebknecht, the Radi cal, as President. With a fresh indication from I Germany of her desire for peace, the Supreme War Council is scheduled to meet at Versailles today, presumably for the purpose of framing the terms of the arm istice which the enemy has sought from the allies and the United States. President Wilson went to the War Department late yesterday to confer with Secretary Baker and also to dispatch some messages to the other side. It is presumed that these were directed to Col onel House, the President's ad viser, and his representative now in the peace negotiations. German, Hail Arrrpl. I Official and diplomatic Washing | ton. meantime, is waiting for the . first word from the War Council for | the fate of the war hinges on is j decision. If it sets forth the condi | tlons of an armistice Germany is ? expected to accept them forthwith because it is imperative for her to ! do 00. The German note reached the I Capital yesterday morning and was transmitted to the State Department . by Frederick Oederlin, Charge d'Affaires of Switserland. At the , same time word was received of the [dispatch of a new Austrian note j which. If cable reports of its con | tents are correct, is equivalent to | unconditional surrender. Inasmuch las it abides by all the Presidents terms and even accepta the condi tions laid down '>>? him In his note 1 of October IS That note, every | one here believes, sounded the doom I of the Austrian empire. Oatral I'awer* Intact f The developments of the last few days in the international situation : have Impressed observers here with the belief that Germany and Austria j are still working in concert for peace They recall that Austria began the present peace offensive, which has assumed such great proportions, but that Germany "carried on" with her. Throughout, however, Austria has played the game with an eye to her own safety, and her message of >?** terday demonstrates this fan .om pletely. Should the allies put forth armistice terms over which Germany might quibble, Austria will be able to point to her note of yesterday as evidence that she had severed all ties with Germany and had asked for a sera rate peace. The note reveals the desperate situation that confrir.u the tottering dual monarchy and how necessary it is for Emperor CKiries to bbtain peace to save th? remnants, I ?f u!S 'hrone- 11 also reveals the j plight that Germany is in, for with | knowledge of conditions *n Austria, she must prepare to accept anything the allies put forth. WiUea May N*t Reply. tAs in the case of the German not? received yesterday, there is no ne 1 cessity for the President to repTy firectly to the Austro-Hungarian communication. He wirt. no doubt, forward it to Che Supreme War Coun cil. as that body would 3be the one to make a final decision. Just as it is about to make a final decision with regard to Germany's request for an armistice. While the most extensive cable dis patches telling of discord abroad have dealt with Austria's internal condi tions, internal Germany is seething with activity that seeks but one thing, ?B(! that is peace. The Soil note of yesterday is one indication, but a dozen more came over the ca bles yesterday and were received in diplomatic quarters here? A dispatch from Berne yesterdav afternoon to a French diplomatic quarter tells of Bavarian Socialists demanding the establishment of c. re public. with Liebknecht. the radical, as president, and immediate peace' The advice says: 'The Munich independent Socialists have decided to present for a vacancy in the Reichstag Kurt5- Eisner, the writer, who was imprisoned when strikes broke out last January. Dif ferent papers give accounts of the manner in which he opened his elec ootrrucuia> on pagb two. AUSTRO-GERMAN BREACH. Definite Rupture Seen in New Austrian Note. London. Oct. 28.-The British ( press late today interpreted the A ustro-Hungarian note to Presi dent Wilson as marking a definite break between Austria and Ger many. Officially, no comment was ob tainable up to the hour of cabling. The foreign office told correspond ents the note had not yet been of ficially received, and that nothing j could be said until it had. Austria's Answer to President Bcrnc, via Paris. Oct. A ? 1 Austria-Hungary, in a note an i swering President Wilson's last | message to her, accepts all of his | conditions for an armistice and j peace. She "gives approbation" to the President's "ideas on the rights of the peoples of Austria-Hun gary, especially the rights of the Czecho-Slavs and the Jugo-Slavs," whom she formerly refused to rec ognize or deal with. She "begs President Wilson to be good enough to take the pre i paratory steps" for an immediate | armistice and peace. The note was handed by the j Austro-Hungarian foreign minister ! (who has just succeeded Baron ] Burian) yesterday to the Austro Hungarian minister to Sweden for transmission thiough the Swedish government to President Wilson. The text of the note as received I here omits for the first time in j the dual monarchy's history the ; words "imperial and royal" as a j prefix to "government." It speaks i throughout of the "Austro-Hun i gatian government." TEXT OF NOTE. The text follows: "In response to the note ad dressed on October 19 by President Wilson, the Austro Hungarian government, in con formity with the decision Sf the President to discuss sep arately with Austria-Hungary the conditions of an armistice and pcace. the Austro-Hun garian government has the honor to declare that it gives its approbation not only to the former statements of the President, but also to the ideas expressed in tea last not* on the rights of the peoples of Austria - Hungary, especially 1 the rights of the Czecho-Slavs and Jugo-Slavs. "Hence, from the beginning. Austria-Hungary has accepted all the conditions upon which the President makes the open ing of negotiations on the subject of an armistice and peace depend. "The government of Aus tria-Hungary holds that there is nothing more that prevents the commencement of nego tiations. "The government of Austria Hungary declares, in conse j quence, that it is ready, with out waiting the result of other I negotiations, to enter into discussions, to conclude peace between Austria-Hungary and the opposing states and an im mediate armistice on all Aus tro-Hungarian fronts, and begs President Wilson to be good enough tc take the appropri ) ate preparatory steps." Hmdenburg Not Yet Oat Zurich, via Paris. Oct Field Marshal Hindenburs's resicnatton. re ported yesterday, has not yet been accepted by the Kaiser, according to Berlt* dispatches today. "StoicalIndifference,* Ber lin's Acceptance of New Austrian Note. HINT SEPARATE PEACE Capitulation of Germany's Ally Seen "Within a Few Days." PEOPLE ARE INCITING RIOTS Dual Monarchy in Chaotic State. Noblemen Flee for Life; Social ists Gain Upper Hand. Amsterdam, Oct. 28.?Aus tria's note to President Wilson was received in Berlin with ani almost stoical indifference, lata dispatches from the German! capital tonight show. It appears that the Genua* public had practically condU lated itse'lf beforehand with S| drifting apart of the two maiia ! central powers, and even an * unconditional Austrian surren-* der would cause small surprise i or sensation. In both empires "jig-is-up" atmosphere is lay-4 jing heavily upon the popular : tions, especially in the cibe^ and between the lines of Ger^ man and Austrian news <??J I patches there is an ever-recur*( ring note that may be summed up in the words "die soooet^ 'the better.* CAPITULATION PREDICTED. I The Frankfurter Zeitung, Gsm4 manv's leading financial orgHM | openly predicts the complete capsM , ulation "of Austria "within -a fern I day*." Obsrever* here point to the j sage in the Austrian note in I Count Andrassy. evidently with J apologetic glance toward Berlin, i ! fers to, the "decision of the dent to discuss separately Austria-Hungary the condition* an armistice and peace" Erst move in the Dual Monar breaking away from Germany a feeble attempt to soften it. REVOLUTION BREWING. The chaos in Austria and Him gmrv fs repotted widening hodrtjW Vienna dispatches guardedly fert4 shadow a revolution in that cap?j ital. In some parts of the empir Bolshevism is rampant. A com ? mittee of "workmen and soldiers* already has been formed at Budaw pest. Everywhere anti-Germasj feeling is growing. In Crotia th?* revolutionaries are in control. Ati their demonstrations they cheer.. President Wilson and Prof. Ma4 jsaryk, the Czeeho-Slovak pretM j dent. The Crctians have sent a de^| mand to Vienna for the immediate Slav troops fro mall fronts, withdrawal of all Crotians an<f! Kaiser Karl is pictured in th?j j dispatches as one hunted from piV lar to post. He has arrived id Dobrecrin, a Hungarian manufac turing town. Crowds greeted hin there witli lasses. Flerlnt The Austrian arrMukt-t and otl nobles. remember-in* the fat#* of tlj' Russian brethren of the blue bM are scurrying for safe shelter, to fortified castles, others. In miise. to smsll town* near the Pwil border. The chief of Kaiser sKH'i eff cabinet has committed suicnle. f? in*. one di^atch indicates, a raid ! on the imperial archive* In Germany the polieico- ns <t OONTlXtTED aatFAG* V%