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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, October 29, 1918, Image 1

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America's Historic Answer: "Unconditional Surrender!
Today?Fair; slightly cooler. To
morrow?Fair. ?
Highest temperature yesterday, 77;
lowest, 62.
30,000 persons are reading this
paper every morning. Have vom a
message to put before them? Call
the Advertising Department of The
Herald. Main 3300.
nvr rrvr wi?iw ??*
v A KlM-? krrt Tw? Grata.
TAKE 7,000 PRISl
3ops of Diaz Advance Deelly on
6-Mile Front, Crossing PiavAm
Line of 1 2 Miles.
erican Guns Pounding German
Communication on Southwest Frc
French Drive Toward Hirson.
London, Oct. 28.?Latest word from the Piavffront is
the Italians and British have advanced four
ile front, taking 7,000 prisoners.
The Italians crossed the Piave on a twelve
of Montello. The bridging operations were lal
ult. The advance is reported continuing satisfact
V'rth the American First Army, Oct. 28.?-From a
twenty miles shells from American guns are now d
isly upon one of the most important German lines of
on the West front, the lateral railway running through
nedy and Longuy.
t is this railway over which the German high commai
troops from the northern to the southern fronts.
fire is being ranged and directed by American
p far behind the enemy lines. Destruction of the tunnel!
Lould interrupt the German traffic for some time, thoi
kary that we shell an area several miles deep in orde
t the line.
J~he big Yankee guns were placed in position for tl
al days ago. They began firing as soon as fair weather
ts on a
nee of
ng con
s shift
it is
ondon, Oct. 28.?The Germans late today are reporte 1 falling
to the high ground covering Hirson, following a Fr
of five miles on a front of sixteen miles between the
erre. The enemy has been losing heavily in this area.
rh ad
kc and
,ondon, Oct. j8.?The British line was advanced today Btween
'honellr and Scheldt rivers. Field Marshal Haig says in W night
(. A hundred prisoners were taken.
) 's Attacks Repulsed,
- Iking Reports.
I following American official
kmique was issued by the War
ftraent yesterday:
_ pquarters American ExpecMtion
t- rorces, Oct. 36.?On the Verdun
I yesterday evening the enemy
Bed to the west side of the
*h f his efforts to wrest from our(
} the gains of the preceding
lI In the region of Bantheville,
artillery preparation lasting
.1 an hour, he attacked our posi- I
pi; I between the Bois des Rappes i
|he Bois de Bantheville. After
n fighting he was repulsed with
?*. r losses, our line remaining every
?c | unchanged. North of the Oise
. roops have organised the ground
In yesterday's local attack and
low established in positions in I
li . pttthem portion of the Bois de
?. * hjgne. On both banks of the
artillery Are continued heavy
* khout the night.
Y i battle being fought by our first
north of Verdun, which today
upon its second month, is con
g with incessant severity, fre
ly rising to a pitch of extreme
ce. On the entire front of
y-flve miles the enemy is oppos
> our successful attack a deter
resistance. made necessary by
El ^eat importance to him of this
, *nd made possible only by the
,nt reinforcement of his hard
d divisions. Besides having in
on the enemy severe losses in
*nd wounded, we have captur
this front since September 26
than 20.000 prisoners; and in the j
S of our advance over 150 guns. J
r 1.000 trench mortors and sev
thousand machine guns have I
into our hands.
eu Woods
, lands of Yanks.
following American official
unique was issued by the
Department yesterday:
Ldquarters. American Expedl
ry Forces. Oct. 28.?On the
front east of the Meuse
roops yesterday carried out a
naful local attack against the
Belleu. As a result of this
tion. this wood, which has been
ene of constant fighting since
er ?5th. is entirely in our
Further south lively com
ire in progress in the eastern
n of the Bois D*Ormont. Ar
' fire has been violent on tha
from Bois de la Grande Mon
to the Bois de Caures.
it of the Meuse hostile ele
- which attempted under cover
W *Vy shelling to penetrate our
efts north of Grand Pra were
l by our machine gun fire.
- other sectors held by our
K kvthe day was quiet
Latest German Note
London Press Opinio!
London. Oct. 28.?The
generally expressed by the
press is that the latest
note strikes a more apprd
tone. Certain daubts. howevf
expressed in some British
as to the thoroughness of the)
ocratic changes In German!
trol, and it is suggested thfl
sword still remains In the
of the autocracy. -n.
The Daily Chronicle says:i%he
German reply is in effect afltn
qualified acceptance. Present
Wilson has laid down the PVfci
ple that an armistice must fon
terms which would preclude
mtny from renewing ho?ti|^s.
Dr. Solf gives the principle hhpl
lent consent when, without mo
tioning it, he renews his reA,st
for an armistice and asks lhaFde
tailed terms be specified.
"Nothing remains but for!
associated powers to annoi
without delay the program off
val and military measures
in the judgment of Adn
Wemyss, Marshal Foch and
coadjutors, the armistice nec|
"It would be possible, of coU
for Germany to object to det^
after she had agreed to the prilj
pies, but it is not likely. If
situation were other than desp
ate she would never have gonel
far as ahe has. One has onlyjj
read the messages from Austr
Hungary to see that the whole i
her power in Eastern Europe j
Call Will Be Announced Sundy
and Large Number Is Expected
Movement of selective service men
to training camps will be resumed
next week, it became known at lie
office of tli3 Fiovost Marshal Cln
eial yesterday. The first call Jill
be announced Sunday, but whel?r
the former program of 250,000 a moith
to camp will be resumed or an In
creased pro/.*R.m put into effectj i.<
not vet known ;utside the offlce^of
the General Staff. Unofficial
mat ions that all of the Class 1
up to 45 years will be in the
by Jar.uary 1 are heard.
Tlie first m;i to he col.ed are
men notified to report to camp
the la?t two calls, both of wh^
were canceled. There wcr> '42.0'W
the first of lh<*e. and 114.0 0 in tft
second, but im/st of the 114,008 hail
i-cen included In the fli?t cance cd
Announcement by Allies Ex
pected Before Thursday.
London. Oct. 28.?It is permissi
ble to state that the allied armis
tice terms have been framed. An
announcement of the terms is ex
pected to be forthcoming ?.?rfore
Thursday. ?
Socialist Editor, with Four
Others, Arrested Because
of "Disloyalty" Articles.
Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 28.?Victor L
Burger, who was the first Socialist
elected to Congress. Louis A. Ar
nold, Edmund T. Nelms, Leo. Krxy
cki, and Oscar Ameringer. all Social
ist leaders, were arrested here today
for alleged violation of the espionage
Mr. Berger as editor of the Mil
waukee Leader, Socialist organ, is
alleged to have published articles
"tending to incite, provoke and en
courage resistance to the United
j States, bringing our form of govern
ment into contempt; attempting to
cause insubordination, disloyalty, mu
tiny and refusal of duty in the naval
and military forces of the United
States; conveying false reports with
intent to interfere with the opera
tion of naval and military opera
tions and with obstructing recruit
ing and enlistment."
The indictments against the other
Socialists are based upon matters
published in "The Voice of the Peo
ple." a Socialist publication. The So
cial" Democrat Publishing Company,
publisher of the Milwaukee Leader,
also was indicted.
Mr Berger was indicted in Chicago
several months ago with a number
of nationally known Socialists for al
leged violation of the espionage act.
He is slated for trial in Chicago
early in November.
Testimony of Court Minolta to Be
Used in Caillaux Trial.
New York. Oct. 28.?Startling disclo
sures regarding negotiations betweei
Joseph Caillaux. former Premier of
France, now awaiting trial for hlgi
treason, and Count von Luxburg. for
mer German minister to Argentina,
have been made by Count Jamea
Minotta. according to a statement
made today b* Deputy State Attor
ney General Becker.
| Minotta, who is a son-in-law of
Louis F. Swift, of Chicago, was
brought here last week from Fort
Oglethorpe where he has been intern
ed as an enemy alien, and was ques
tioned by Mr. Becker regarding cer
tain phases of German intrigue against
France. The interned count, who is
known to have had close relations
with the "spurlos versenkt" diplomat,
talked freely, according to Mr. Beck
er. and gave information which is like
ly to have an important hearing in
the prosecution of Cailliux whose trial
begins tomorrow in Paris.
Minotta's testimony, has been turned
over to the French Embassy in Wash
ington. and a summary has been
cabled to Paris for use in the trial.
Enthusiasm Reigns Among Citizens
When They Are Recognized.
London^ Oct. 28.?The King and
Queen of Belgium paid a formal visit
to Bruges on Friday. The Times cor
respondent says:
"Both ?he King and Queen had al
ready visited Bruges informally on
Monday last when they arrived by
motor car/ and informants ^tell me
that when their presence was then
discovered the people were almost
delirious with joy.
"On Friday their majesties, with
Prince Leopold, rode in on horseback,
the King and prince in uniform, the
Queen in white. Their progress
through the streets was accompanied
by one continuous tumult of ecstatic
enthusiasm, the crowds being with
difficulty kept within bounds by the
"Finally after the royal family had
dismounted and ascended the steps
of the governor's house in the great
square, the people would no longer be
"It was an unforgetable scene,
when, as if by-orie impulse, the popu
lace grew out of hand and from all
sides at once swept forward, carry
ing the lines of guards with it In one
universal rush *.o get near the sov
Theodore C- Merrill, 1855 Calvert
street northwest, physician, and a
medical assistant at the Department
of Agriculture, has been accepted by
the overseas departments of the Young
Men's Christian Association and will
leave for France ab^ut November 5.
Mr. Merrill is a graduate of Brown
University, and Is a well-known writer
on technical and medical papers. He
has been in active practice twelve
years, six of which have been spent
^n the service of the Department of
| Unrestrained in Bitterness,
Parties "Shift Buck" on
War Responsibility.
Checkmate Move to Recess
That Criticism Can v
The campaign for the control of
the next Congress was switched
yesterday to the floor of the Sen
ate. The barriers against criticism
of the President and his an
nounced principles of peace were
ihrown down by the Republicans
in speeches attacking not only
those principles of settlement, but
the appeal made by the President
for the election of a Congress in
sympathy with him.
i Administration Senators came
back with speeches vigorously de
fending the President and placing
the responsibility for the injection
of politics into the war upon the
shoulders of the Republicans. The
oratorical battle waged all day
with, but a brief intermission, dur
ing which time Senator Martin
managed to secure the adopton of
the conference report on the
$6,000,000,000 urgent deficiency
(measure so that it can go to the
President to be signed.
Rffue to Adjtini.
1 The temper of the Republican* and
j their resentment of the President'^
course in asking for the election of a
, Democratic Congress was shown by
l the refusal of the Republican leaders
I to consent to a recess of Conjrresa un
i til after the election. The resolution
j for a recess to bejein today and to
last until (November 12 had already
been adopted by the House. And it
was fully expected that the Senate
would join with the House in adopt
' inK it. But I?dRe, of Massachusetts;
| Penrose, of Pennsylvania, and Smoot.
j of Utah, went into "conference" and
1 thereupon served notice upon Majority
j Leader Martin and Chairman Sim
| mons, of the Finance Committee, that
?they would not permit the Senate to
I adjourn.
J This means that each House will
meet every third day until the end
.of the year, and although no business
lean be transacted because there is
'not a quorum of the House in Wash
? in^ton. more speetlies may b? made
and the attacks upon the Piesidcnt
! may be continued every day the Sen
ate meets. There will be onlv two
sessions of the Senate before the day
of election, and the plans of the Re
Trench Paper Say? Germans
I Are Now in Disorder.
Paris. Oct. 28?"It is impossible
as yet to measure the Oermin re
treat before the armies of Gen*.
Debeny, Mangin, Gulllaucet be
tween the Oise and the Aisne, '
says ^'Information.
"Already the retreat is tak' on
a character of disorder, despite
the enfAcernent of fresh German
divisions at the critical points.
"The Guise-Marie Uailroad has
been cut by French cavalry and
the fall of Guise is asjured/'
The expense of running the District |
government during the fiscal year ;
ended June 30. 1918, was I12.242.003.il.
This is the figure given by J. P. j
L.U8by. disbursing officer for the Dis
trict, in his report for that period.
Of this total. $3,000,000 waa disbursed
in cash.
During the last year the work of
the disbursing office has been prac
tically doubled, owing to an order of
the Commissioners that all laborers
in the employ of the District are to
be paid weekly instead of semi- j
monthly, as formerly. Ibis has ne
cessitated an extra pav roll being
made out. Despite the ?rra: increase
in work, the office has been able to
keep up to its record for efficiency,
owing to the willingness of its em
More than 200.000 transactions were
carried on with employes Involving
jrreat sums of money. This is more
than has been the case In former
years, owing to the immense amount
of work made necessary by the war.
as. for instance, the draft boards. ]
Credit Balaace 8k*?ni.
During the year the sum total of
$13.184.52?.20 was placed to the official'
credit of the dish irsing officer, th.^1
unexpended balance from the pre- j
vious year was $78,941.46 and the can
celed cheo.ks and special deposits
amounted to $10,951.06, making a grand ?
total of $12,274,421.72 to be accounted :
for. The amount of checks drawn
against the said total charged was \
$12.34 .',003. .*>1 and the amount of re
payments of appropriations was $997.- j
910.18, leaving a net balance to, the j
credit of the disbursing officer on
June 30. 1918. pf $34.!**.03.
During the j^-ar. 102.658 Checks were '
issued by this officer, an increase of |
1,448 oVer tiie preceding year. The I
number of vouchers unon which j
checks and cash were disbursed was1
Over 3.000 payments were made to1
witnesses and jurors in the Police j
Court. Juvenile Court. lunacy proceed- I
ings and the coroner's office while I
payment was refused on Police Court J
Jurors* fees in the total amount of
$1,478. due to the appropriation being
exhausted. A deficiency appropria- j
tion to cover these payments has been
requested. More than 8.000 checks!
were mailed to abandoned wives and i
nonsupported wives and children, and j
pensioners of the police and fire de
partment were paid a total of 4.719!
checks. i
Run District, Says
Declare Allied Nation* Are in Accord with
President Wilson's Terms?Deplore Polit
ical Squabble Which Has Sprung Up as
War Crisis Is Passed.
Word brought to Washington last night by returning members
of the delegation of publishers, including newspapermen and maga
zine editors, who have been in Europe for several weeks as guests
? of the British and French governments, pledges undivided support
, of the peoples and administrators of those two countries to the
: principles of peace as se^out by President Wilson in his fourteen
i articles, his subsequent speeches and diplomatic notes.
Premiers Clemenceau and Lloyd#
I George are in absolute accord with
him. His every step is approved andJthe surrender-of the Rhine forts and
joined in by the Versailles conferene
| He is the idol of the French and Eng
1 lish ? people. Germany is about to bow
| to his will. 8he is re-organizing her
ffovernmeuL She is prepared to ac
' cept the terms of the armistice he and
Ithe allies will demand.
Two weeks ago England knew that
Saxony and Bavaria had served notice
'on Prussia that her autocratic junker
system of government would no longer
' be tolerated. Now England believes
that the terms of the armistice which
j the allies will allow will be accepted
by the new German government, and
I that the basis of peace outlined by
the President will later be accepted
in full and the methods pf its appli
cation which the allies may desire
will be accepted with little objective
by a new Germany's representative.
tiemstj Near Ea4.
The armistice which Germany will
undoubtedly accept will provide for
the disarmament of the German
armies, their retirement beyond the
Rhine and return to their homes, the
surrender of the, German U
e | cities Into the allies hands for the
*1 duration of the armistice and repara
tion for all damage to Belgium,
France, Serbia and Italy.
Among the members of the group
of newspaper men returning here yes
| terday with news of the war zone
were: James M. Thomson, publisher
of the New Orleans Item, and F. W.
Kellogg, publisher of the San Fran
cisco Call. Member of the party were
surprised that the political outbreak
In this country should have involved
the conduct of the war and the nego
tiations looking toward peace.
"Our party left France less than
three weeks ago." said Mr. Thomson,
"and England twelve days ago. In
dividually and as a group we met and
conferred with the representative
men in the allied governments and In
the allied armies. Everywhere ad
miration was expressed for the mas
terly diplomacy of President Wilson
and for the strategy which he was
showing in the handling of the situa
tion. Our allies are standing by and
relying upon the President.
World Awaits Result of Su-j
preme War Council
Meeting Today.
General Belief That Enemy
Must Accept Armistice
Bavarian Socialists Demand Repub
lic, with Liebknecht, the Radi
cal, as President.
With a fresh indication from
I Germany of her desire for peace,
the Supreme War Council is
scheduled to meet at Versailles
today, presumably for the purpose
of framing the terms of the arm
istice which the enemy has sought
from the allies and the United
President Wilson went to the
War Department late yesterday to
confer with Secretary Baker and
also to dispatch some messages to
the other side. It is presumed
that these were directed to Col
onel House, the President's ad
viser, and his representative now
in the peace negotiations.
German, Hail Arrrpl.
I Official and diplomatic Washing
| ton. meantime, is waiting for the
. first word from the War Council for
| the fate of the war hinges on is
j decision. If it sets forth the condi
| tlons of an armistice Germany is
? expected to accept them forthwith
because it is imperative for her to
! do 00.
The German note reached the
I Capital yesterday morning and was
transmitted to the State Department
. by Frederick Oederlin, Charge
d'Affaires of Switserland. At the
, same time word was received of the
[dispatch of a new Austrian note
j which. If cable reports of its con
| tents are correct, is equivalent to
| unconditional surrender. Inasmuch
las it abides by all the Presidents
terms and even accepta the condi
tions laid down '>>? him In his note
1 of October IS That note, every
| one here believes, sounded the doom
I of the Austrian empire.
Oatral I'awer* Intact f
The developments of the last few
days in the international situation
: have Impressed observers here with
the belief that Germany and Austria
j are still working in concert for peace
They recall that Austria began the
present peace offensive, which has
assumed such great proportions, but
that Germany "carried on" with her.
Throughout, however, Austria has
played the game with an eye to her
own safety, and her message of >?**
terday demonstrates this fan .om
Should the allies put forth armistice
terms over which Germany might
quibble, Austria will be able to point
to her note of yesterday as evidence
that she had severed all ties with
Germany and had asked for a sera
rate peace. The note reveals the
desperate situation that confrir.u the
tottering dual monarchy and how
necessary it is for Emperor CKiries
to bbtain peace to save th? remnants,
I ?f u!S 'hrone- 11 also reveals the
j plight that Germany is in, for with
| knowledge of conditions *n Austria,
she must prepare to accept anything
the allies put forth.
WiUea May N*t Reply.
tAs in the case of the German not?
received yesterday, there is no ne
1 cessity for the President to repTy
firectly to the Austro-Hungarian
communication. He wirt. no doubt,
forward it to Che Supreme War Coun
cil. as that body would 3be the one
to make a final decision. Just as
it is about to make a final decision
with regard to Germany's request for
an armistice.
While the most extensive cable dis
patches telling of discord abroad have
dealt with Austria's internal condi
tions, internal Germany is seething
with activity that seeks but one
thing, ?B(! that is peace. The Soil
note of yesterday is one indication,
but a dozen more came over the ca
bles yesterday and were received in
diplomatic quarters here?
A dispatch from Berne yesterdav
afternoon to a French diplomatic
quarter tells of Bavarian Socialists
demanding the establishment of c. re
public. with Liebknecht. the radical,
as president, and immediate peace'
The advice says:
'The Munich independent Socialists
have decided to present for a vacancy
in the Reichstag Kurt5- Eisner, the
writer, who was imprisoned when
strikes broke out last January. Dif
ferent papers give accounts of the
manner in which he opened his elec
ootrrucuia> on pagb two.
Definite Rupture Seen in New
Austrian Note.
London. Oct. 28.-The British (
press late today interpreted the
A ustro-Hungarian note to Presi
dent Wilson as marking a definite
break between Austria and Ger
Officially, no comment was ob
tainable up to the hour of cabling.
The foreign office told correspond
ents the note had not yet been of
ficially received, and that nothing j
could be said until it had.
Answer to
Bcrnc, via Paris. Oct. A ?
1 Austria-Hungary, in a note an
i swering President Wilson's last
| message to her, accepts all of his
| conditions for an armistice and
j peace.
She "gives approbation" to the
President's "ideas on the rights
of the peoples of Austria-Hun
gary, especially the rights of the
Czecho-Slavs and the Jugo-Slavs,"
whom she formerly refused to rec
ognize or deal with.
She "begs President Wilson to
be good enough to take the pre
i paratory steps" for an immediate
| armistice and peace.
The note was handed by the
j Austro-Hungarian foreign minister
! (who has just succeeded Baron
] Burian) yesterday to the Austro
Hungarian minister to Sweden
for transmission thiough the
Swedish government to President
The text of the note as received
I here omits for the first time in
j the dual monarchy's history the
; words "imperial and royal" as a
j prefix to "government." It speaks
i throughout of the "Austro-Hun
i gatian government."
The text follows:
"In response to the note ad
dressed on October 19 by
President Wilson, the Austro
Hungarian government, in con
formity with the decision Sf
the President to discuss sep
arately with Austria-Hungary
the conditions of an armistice
and pcace. the Austro-Hun
garian government has the
honor to declare that it gives
its approbation not only to
the former statements of the
President, but also to the ideas
expressed in tea last not* on
the rights of the peoples of
Austria - Hungary, especially
1 the rights of the Czecho-Slavs
and Jugo-Slavs.
"Hence, from the beginning.
Austria-Hungary has accepted
all the conditions upon which
the President makes the open
ing of negotiations on the
subject of an armistice and
peace depend.
"The government of Aus
tria-Hungary holds that there
is nothing more that prevents
the commencement of nego
"The government of Austria
Hungary declares, in conse
j quence, that it is ready, with
out waiting the result of other
I negotiations, to enter into
discussions, to conclude peace
between Austria-Hungary and
the opposing states and an im
mediate armistice on all Aus
tro-Hungarian fronts, and begs
President Wilson to be good
enough tc take the appropri
) ate preparatory steps."
Hmdenburg Not Yet Oat
Zurich, via Paris. Oct Field
Marshal Hindenburs's resicnatton. re
ported yesterday, has not yet been
accepted by the Kaiser, according to
Berlt* dispatches today.
"StoicalIndifference,* Ber
lin's Acceptance of New
Austrian Note.
Capitulation of Germany's
Ally Seen "Within a
Few Days."
Dual Monarchy in Chaotic State.
Noblemen Flee for Life; Social
ists Gain Upper Hand.
Amsterdam, Oct. 28.?Aus
tria's note to President Wilson
was received in Berlin with ani
almost stoical indifference, lata
dispatches from the German!
capital tonight show.
It appears that the Genua*
public had practically condU
lated itse'lf beforehand with S|
drifting apart of the two maiia
! central powers, and even an
* unconditional Austrian surren-*
der would cause small surprise
i or sensation. In both empires
"jig-is-up" atmosphere is lay-4
jing heavily upon the popular
: tions, especially in the cibe^
and between the lines of Ger^
man and Austrian news <??J
I patches there is an ever-recur*(
ring note that may be summed
up in the words "die soooet^
'the better.*
The Frankfurter Zeitung, Gsm4
manv's leading financial orgHM
| openly predicts the complete capsM
, ulation "of Austria "within -a fern
I day*."
Obsrever* here point to the
j sage in the Austrian note in
I Count Andrassy. evidently with
J apologetic glance toward Berlin, i
! fers to, the "decision of the
dent to discuss separately
Austria-Hungary the condition*
an armistice and peace"
Erst move in the Dual Monar
breaking away from Germany
a feeble attempt to soften it.
The chaos in Austria and Him
gmrv fs repotted widening hodrtjW
Vienna dispatches guardedly fert4
shadow a revolution in that cap?j
ital. In some parts of the empir
Bolshevism is rampant. A com ?
mittee of "workmen and soldiers*
already has been formed at Budaw
pest. Everywhere anti-Germasj
feeling is growing. In Crotia th?*
revolutionaries are in control. Ati
their demonstrations they cheer..
President Wilson and Prof. Ma4
jsaryk, the Czeeho-Slovak pretM
j dent.
The Crctians have sent a de^|
mand to Vienna for the immediate
Slav troops fro mall fronts,
withdrawal of all Crotians an<f!
Kaiser Karl is pictured in th?j
j dispatches as one hunted from piV
lar to post. He has arrived id
Dobrecrin, a Hungarian manufac
turing town. Crowds greeted hin
there witli lasses.
The Austrian arrMukt-t and otl
nobles. remember-in* the fat#* of tlj'
Russian brethren of the blue bM
are scurrying for safe shelter,
to fortified castles, others. In
miise. to smsll town* near the Pwil
The chief of Kaiser sKH'i eff
cabinet has committed suicnle. f?
in*. one di^atch indicates, a raid !
on the imperial archive*
In Germany the polieico- ns <t

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