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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, October 29, 1918, Image 6

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Manufacturers Agree to
Stop Use of All
The tin can Is practically- a thing
of the past, that is, if the war con
tinue* Trash piles will see little
in the way of increment from cast
off receptacles made of metal. The
Irish-American's goat must turn his
attention to clothes' lines or find
new pastures.
Manufacturers of a score of food
products which heretofore have been
encased in tin containers have, after
long consultation with the War In
dustries Board and the Food Admin
istration. agreed to abandon almost
.ontirely the use of metal in their
Some of these manufacturers have
received information from Washing
ton of an impending order that
shall be >ased upon agreements en
tered into with the government and
the war necessities disclosed dur
ing the conference between them-'
?elves and the two government
The order, it is understood, will
take the form of new regulations,;
'to- be promulgated by the Food Ad-;
-Ministration, affecting the following
list pf food products: Baking pow- j
der. ground spice, powdered cocoa
and chocolate, candy, crackers, cof- i
and cooffee substitutes, tea, spa- !
ghetti. pickles, condensed and evap
orated milk, salt, macaroni, egg j
'noodles, syrups, molasses, lard and;
lard substitutes.
Effective Next Year.
It is to be ordered that in most'
tftfftances no metal whatever shall ;
be used in containers of these ar
tietes. it is reported, except that the |
use of metal containers up to Feb
ruary 1. 1919. is permitted and I
p*0Cks of containers on hand, in1
transit or in process of manufacture
as of October 1. 1918. may be ex-'
; .Sixes of new containers are also1
to be strictly regulated. many long- |
^miliar sixes being ruled out un-'
der the forthcoming order.
Baking powder, other than cream
of tartar baking powder, is to be
limited to packages containing a
Quarter, half, one pound or more,
while cream of tartar baking pow
der packages must contain 4. 6. 12
ounces or more. Metal is not to be
.permitted in the packages contain
ing a quarter or half pound or six
ounces, except in the tops and bot
toms. The others may be made of
?round spice, except mustard, is
40.be packed in 2. 4. 8 ounce or one
pound or larger non-metal con
fi ? Slight Exceptions Made.
k Condensed and evaporated milk
are still to be allowed to be put
'up in cans, but their sixes are
^strictly to be limited. Syrups and
molasses and lard and lard substi
tutes. the latter for other than do
mestic use. are also to be allowed
.metal containers with a few Axed
! lixes.
| The transition to the new stan
l-dards is understood to involve not
too great inconvenience or. experrse
to the manufacturers as the pro
fPOPod changes have been fully dis
| cussed with them.
Appeals from Wage Ruling
Ordered Heard by McAdoo
Rights of the Railway Brother
hood officials to appeal to the Rail
road Administration for an interpre
tation of any wage order issued by
hts office, was again recognized oy
Director General McAdoo yesterday
In an order providing that the union
Officials or a Regional Director of
Railroads, or chairman of any rail
road board of wage adjust might
appeal to the Director of Labor for
?uch interpretation. He will trans
mit the appeal to the Board of Rail
road Wages and Working Condi
tions. which will make recommenda
tion to the Director General.
Spasmodic eronp fs
usuaiiy relieved with
oco application of?
NEW PRICES?30c. GOc, $1.20
United States Ambassador
Morgenthau's Story
Amazing Revelation of German
Intrigue in Turkey
"Published by special arrangement with The McClure Newspaper
Syndicate. Copyright, 1918, by Doubleday, Pane & Co. All r ghts re
served. Copyrighted in Great Britain, Canada and Australia. Allrights
reserved for France, Belgium, Holland, Italy, Spain, Russia and the
Scandinavian Countries.
?The United State* is appar*nt'h
1 the only country that ?u?dh
interest ir. the Armenian. he sal*
[ "Your missionaries are their friends
and your people have conatituted
I themselves their s^arflan*. The
whole question of heipinK <-hem
i therefore an American matter. Ho
, then. can you expect me tod? any
I thing as long as the United States I
is telling ammunition to the enem
[of Germany? Mr. Bryan liasJuM
published his note, saying that I'
I would be unneutral not to sell muni
j Hons to England and France
i Ions as your government maintains
I that attitude we can do nothing
I the Armenian*."
Sore on American Sheila.
I Probably no one except a ??"nan
| logician would ever have detected
| any relation between our salesof '?
I materials to the allies and Turkej a
attacks upon hundreds of th?"fand"
of Armenian women and children^
But that was about as much progre
? ait I made with Wangenheim at thai
[time. I spoke to him frequently, but
he Invariably offset my pleas for,
I mercy to the Armenians by
to the use of American shells at the
Dardanelles. A coolness sprang up j
between us soon afterward, the re-.
suit of my refusal to give htm
?credit" for having slopped the de
portation of French and German
civilians to the Gallipoli peninsula.
After our somewhat tart conversation
over the telephone, when he had
asked me to telegraph Washington
that he had not "heUed the
Turks in this matter, our visits to
leach other ceased for several weeks.
There were certain influential Grer
mans In Constantinople who did not
accept Wangenhtim*s point of view.
I have already referred to Paul
Welt*, for thirty years th<^ correspon
dent of the Frankfurter Zeltung. who
probably knew more about affairs In I
the Near East than any other Ger
man. Although Wangenheim con
stantly looked to Welti for informa
tion. "he did not always take his ad
vice. Welti did not accept the
[ orthodox imperial attitude toward Ar
I menia, for he believed that Germany s
refusal effectively to intervene was
doing.his fatherland everlasting in- t
jury Welti was constantly present- i
ing this View to Wangenheim. but |
he made little progress. Welti told
me about this himself, in January
1916. a few weeks before I left
Turkey. I quote his own words on
this subject:
??I remember Chat you told me ai
I the beginning." said Welt*, "what a
1 mistake Germanv was making In the
Armenian matters. I agreed with
you perfectly. But when I urged this
view upon Wangenheim. he threw me
twice out of the room!
Some Germans Opposed.
Another German who was opposed
to the atrocities was Neurath. the
counselor of the German embassy
His indignation reached such a point
that his language to Talaat and En- j
ver became almost undiplomatic. He ,
told me. however, that he had failed j
to influence^-them. .
I "Thev are immovable and are de- ]
. termined to pursue their present
; course." Neurath said. I
' Of course no Germans could make
j much impression on the Turkish gov- j
ernment as long as the German am- j
bassador refused to Interfere. Awl.
: as time went on. it bccame more and |
i more evident that Wangenheim had
' no desire to stop the deportations. I
He apparently wished, however, to
! re-establish friendly relations with
me. and soon sent third parties to
' r.sk why I never came to see him. t
i do not know how long this estrange
! ment would have lasted had not a
trreat personal affliction befallen
him. Tn June Lieut. Col. Leipzig, the
German military attache, died under
th" most tragic and mysterious cir
cumstances- in the railroad station at
Lule Bourzas. He was killed by a
revolver shot, one story said that
the weapon had been accidentally
discharged, another that the colonel
had committed suicide, still another
I that the Turks had assassinated him.
(mistaking him for Liman von Kan
A luscious
of Fruit and
Cereal basod
on a scientif
ic recipe for
an A/ea/ fooct
An Instant Hit
v / C
ders. Leipzig was one of Wangen
helm's Intimate friends; as young
men they had been officers in the
frame regiment and at Constantinople
they were almost inseparable. I im
mediately called on the ambassador
to express my condolences. I found
him very dejected and careworn. He
told me that he had heart trouble,
that he was almost exhausted and
that he had applied for a few weeks'
leave of absence. I knew that it
was not only his comrade's death
that was preying upon Wanffenheim s
mind. German missionaries were
flooding Germany with reports about
the Armenians and calling upon the
government to stop the massacres.
Yet, overburdened and nervous as
W angenheim was this day, h-? gave
many signs that he was still che
same unyielding German militarist. A
few days afterward, when re return
ed my visit, he asked.
"Where's Kitchener's army?' '
"We are willing to surrender .Bel
gium now," he went on. "Germany
iiKends to build an enormous fleet of
submarines with great cruising ra
dius. In the next war, we shall
therefore be able completely to
blockade England. So we do not* need
I3HRium for its submarine bates. We
shall give her back to the Belgians,
taking the Congo in exchange."
I then made another plea in behalf
of the persecuted Christians. Again
we discussed this subject at length.
Plan to Shift People*.
The Armenians," said Wangen
..heim, "have shown themselves in
this war to be enemies of the Turks.
It is guite apparent that the two
peoples can never live together in
the same country. The Americans
should move some of them to the
United States, and we Germans will
send some to Poland and in their
Place send Jewish Poles to the Ar
menian pl*>vincea?that is. if they
will promise to drop their Zionist
i "Again, although I spoke with un
usual earnestness, the former ambas
refused to help the Armenians,
still, on July 4, Wangenhelm did
present a formal note of protest. He
did not talk to Talaat or Enver. the
only men who had any authority, but
to the grand vlxier. who wu merely
a. shadow. The Incident had precisely
the same character as his "pro
forma" protest against sending: the
French and British civilians d?wn to
rhh h V, ."erVe aS target. for the
British fleet. Its only purpose was
o fi. officially ?n record.
Probably the hypocrisy of this protest
was more apparent to me than to
others, for at the very moment when
w angenheim presented this so-called
protest, he wau giving me the reasons
why Germany could not take really
Soon r, Pl-l? end the massacres.
Soon after this interview. Wangen
German;.elV<!<1 h" I#WB and ??
I Callous as Wangenhelm showed
h?- he was not quite so
implacable toward the Armenians as
.7 ?.rerTan naval attache In Con
fstantlnople, Humann. This person
j was general!y regarded aa a man of
i gr^at inf uence; his position in Con
stantinople corresponded td that of
Bo.v-Ed in the United States. A Ger
man diplomat once told me that
Humann was- more of a Turk than
l tatlon tF Ta,aa'' D*spite this repu
tation I attempted to enlist his ln
"U?nc\ 1 appealed to him partlcu
I Fnver a"se he was a friend of
and. w?? generally looked
between ?he 'r''Z"im '?""""ting link
I Turkish m m embas">- and the
Turkish military authorities. Hu
Ka??r"a',n r0r"?,nal eml??ary of the
with ReHil co"stJUlt communication
, tth Berlin, and undoubtedly he re
fleeted the attitude of the ruling
1 ff^Trml" <3erma^5'- He
' Armenian problem with the ut
most frankness and brutality. . ?
Xo Blame for Turks.
"I have lived in Turkey the larger
part of my life." he told me - a?d J
tbaVboth A^m'?iane 1 1180 know
mat both Armenians and Turks can
not live together In this country One
of these races has got to go. And I
don t blame the Turks for what thev
fhat ?lng l? <he Armen|ans. I think
that they are entirely Justified Th?
r^en1" "atl0n muat ??ccumb Thl
Turicev- "th d""re '? dismember
an i .L V? y are against the Turks
and the Germans in this war and
they therefore have no right to exist
here I also think that Wangenhelm
tlmen?reh!f,d w y hOrr0r at 8uch 8en"
Iw th?' a? Humann we"t on abus
nf ~?eman People arfd absolv
es the Turks from all blame
*t Is a matter of safety," he re
theJl^i Turka have Xot to protect
vlew hT' fr?m th,? ?*>'? of
whit thl entirely justified In
arf d?lnK WhV- ?e found
.000 guns at Kadikeuy which he
longed to the Armenians. At Am
w,?tVher,h:antted t0 treat the Armenlans
mon.h utmost moderation and four
months ago he Insisted that they be
ftrat"e 7he!hT op1Portunlty to demon
th^ hm r ?Valtr But a?er what
the> did at Van. he had to vleld to
afongTh.t hau be?n ,n?l?tlng all
*i? rK ^ey should protect their
rear The committee decided upon
K n^!^at!nM.and Enver reluctant
y agreed All Armenians are work
ing for the destruction of Turkey's
Power-and the only thing to do l"
to deport them. Enver is reallv a
very kind-hearted man; he U Uca'
S1^Personally of hurting a fly!
But when it comes to defending an
idea In which he believes, he will do
over ThPS'vy ar"L recklessly. More
of the Arl?U?K Turk8 have to set rid
of !?"' mprely a? a matter
slroni L? ^10?.' Th' committee Is
strong only in Constantinople and a
elM ?,*er largf CUie8' Everywhere
Turk- A^1^ Jf" 'tron*>y "Old
Turk And these Old Turks ahe all
favor of tl ?'d Turks are not ,n
In Present government, and
h" to ?o every
se ves ^,r HP0^'er t0 proU,ct them
?.1! ,?Jt don ' thlnk that any
? , c?me to other Christians
i can easily pick out three
Armenians among a thousand
American Ple?s Reseated.
r"j?ann not the only important
?rer7P ,who. expressed this Iattei
sentiment. Intimations began tc
reach me from many sources thai
my "meddling-' in behalf of the Ar
menians was making me more and
XZ" ll*rp"'ar ln Oerman offlcial
f?'m- ?ne day in October Neurath,
w German counselor, called and
!???, 2P "* f telegram which he had
i^n ^e,Ted the ?erman for
?lgn office. TW? caaUined Uja iaTor
| matton that Lord Crew and Lord
Cromer had spoken on the Armenians
io the house of lords, had l&id the
responsibility for the massacres upon
the Germans, and had declared ..that
they had received their information
from an American witness. The tele
gram also referred to an article in
the Wastmlhster Gasette, which said
that the German consuls at certain
places had instigated and even led
the attacks, and particularly men
tioned Resler of Aleppo. Neurath said
thsit his government had directed him
| to obtain a denial *>f these charges
from the American Ambasssdor at
Constantinople. I refused to make
such a denial, saying that I did not
feel called upon to decide officially
whether Turkey or Germany was to
Dlame for these crimes.
Yet everywhere in diplomatic circles
there seemed to be a conviction that
the American Ambassador was re
sponsible for the wide publicity which
tne Armenian massacres were receiv
ing in Europe and the United State*.
I have no hesitation in saying that
they were right about this. In De
cember my son, Henry Morgenthau,
Jr., paid a visit to the Gallipoli penin
sula, where he was entertained by
Gen. Li man von Sanders and other
German officers. He ha<i hardly step
ped into German headquarters when
a general came up to him and said:
"Those are very interesting articles
on the Armenian question which your
father is writing in the American
"My father has been writing no
articles." my son replied.
"Oh." said this officer. "Just be
cause his name isn't signed to them
doesn't mean that he is not writing
Von Sanders also spoke on this
"Your father is making a great
mistake." he said, "giving out the
facts about what the Turks are do
ing to the Armenians. That really
Is not his business."
(To Be ionOnael Tomorrow.)
Why Another?
??Tou say you love my daughter?"
"Love her. my dear, sir! Why. I
would die for her. For one noft glance
from her lovely eyes I would throw
giyself from yonder clifT. and perish."
"Indeed! Well, I'm something of a
liar myself, and I fancy one is enough
in a small family like mine."?Car
toons Magazine.
Shipping Board Chairman
! Will Discuss Post-war Mer
chant Marine Problem?.
J Continuation of government plan
jnlng for merchant marine after the
I war will be discussed for the first
time by Chairman Hurley, of the
I Shipping Board, to the- American,
i Manufacturers' Export Association
j Thursday night in New York City.
| Up to this time the chairman has
! been reluctant to discuss post-war op
i orations of America's great fleets.
I Continuation of a government ?hip
, building program, to maintain after
the war the strides of progress Amer
ican fleets have made during the war,
will be outlined.
American exporters will be told that
j the same great principles of right and
i justice which led America to enter
j the war. and which have guided the
[ operations of her armies and her
statesmanship during the war, will
> guide her shipping activities when
} peace comes.
I Mr. Hurley sees in American mer
I chant marine the greatest arm of
strength the world can have to guard
against a German ambition for worM
(domination. A free ocean and unre
stricted traders guaranteed by Amer
ica's merchant flag floating on all the
seas and backed by America's now in
vincible navy, it is declared.
And in this expanding shipping and
the expanding commerce following )t
to all parts of the world under Amer
ica's flag, the chairman sc-os the op
portunities for America's venturous
sons returning from montn* of battle
and loth to seek again the humdrum
of office occupation.
The speech is regarded in Washing
ton shipping circles as on^ of the
most important utterances u ade ?n j
this country in many months, wive I
those coming from the President him- |
Champion of Larger N?ry Suc
cumb* After Long Illneti.
Former Senator Eugene Hale, 82
years old, for many years one of the
mo?t prominent figures in Congress
died Sunday at his home. Sixteenth
and K streets northwest, after a
long Illness.
Senator Hale was chairman of the
Senate Committee on Naval AfTairs
for many years. In that capacity he
did much for the building up of a
greater navy.
Senator Hale as the exponent of a
larger navy championed the giving
of larger appropriations to it, as well
aa to gun factories and other yards.
During Senator Hale's period of
service a small group of Senators,
headed by Senator Nelson W. Al
drich, of Rhode Island, dominated
the Senate. Piatt, of Connecticut, and
Alllaon, of Iowa, with Nelson and
I Hale formed the quartet which said '
whether legislation should pass or
not Administrations were forced to ;
listen to them. '
The power of this group passed |
with the insurgency of the Republt- ]
can party in the Taft administration, i
i White House Announces Hughes'
Findings Will Not Be Held Over.
j The Hughes aircraft report will be (
i made public as soon as it is received ;
j by President Wilson.
This announcement, made at the I
! White House yesterday afternoon, de- '
^ nies whatever implication there may |
J havfc. been that the administration
would not release the report for pub- i
' lication until after election. Thus \
! far the President has not seen ttie
! report, but it is expected to be de
| livered to him within the next three
! days.
j Attorney General Gregory had the f
| Hughes report before him all day.
i He would give no hint as to its con
i tents. The document is a volumin
ous one containing approximately 130,
oor> words.
Mr. Gregory seemed desirous of
YoJNeed not
er from Catarrh.
Bat Yon
Tou ha.
habit of
mentis trj
Tou havi
rarily r#|
time yc
that cat
blood an
the cata
out of tl
come to
er you
Drive it Oat of
Get Rid of It
ably been in the
ling external treat
cure your Catarrh.
I~ sprays, washes and
^^ibly been tempo
But after a short
! another attack and
Tou must realise
? an infection of the
ji flT'ft permanent relief
i Jection must be driven
The quicker you
ktand this, the quick
it out of your sya- i
tem S. S. 8., which ha? been ti
constant use for over fifty yaari
will drive the catarrhal podaona ou
of your blood, purifying an
strengthening it. ao It will can
vigor and health to tha mucous mem
branes on its journeys through yon
body and nature will soon raator
you to health. Tou will be re
lieved of the droppings of mucu
in your throat, sores in nostrils, bfe
breath, hawking and spitting
All reputable druggists carr
S. 8. 8. in stock and we recommen
you give it a trial immediately.
The chief medical adviser of tfe
Company will cheerfully answer al
letters on the subject There la n
charge for the medical advice. Ad
dres? Swift Specific Company. 41
8wift Laboratory. Atlanta. Ga?Ad\
1 completijB H study of the findings I
in the sB0? investigation in order
to turn ?4* 10 the President arid
make to the public
rel ieve|
! lever for use against
0* fta* been furnished the
United States in our
fly Holland with 100.0W)
a month, it was an
|0t*rday by Harry A. Gar
Stales Fuel Adminlstra
case of Switzerland being
I her dependence upon Ger
jjptl by the offer of France
<J to share their meager
ritfi her. Mr. Garfield pointed
|?t Dutch, who were told by
thpt they could expect no
Germany, have been en
tume a more independent
to their dealings with their
ghbors. Holland is re
fy furnishing much-needed
armies of the allies in
?ance and Belgium.
Robert B. Leathers bequentts
the bulk of his property to hi
adopted daughter 8avllla Duffln. ar
cording to hia will that was 'flle?
yesterday He gives $100 to hi:
grandaughter Lillie Clara DulBn. al
clothes to hia aiater Mrs. Ann
Gray and pictures and portraits t*
another sister Mrs. Jennie Gunser
He asir^ that his funeral tak
place from the Oalvary Baptia
Church and that he be placed in th<
same grave with hia first wifa n
Glenwood cemetery.
Michael J. Reilley an employe o
the navy yard wills all hia pro pert
to hia wife Thereaa Reilley sn<
names William Murphy as execvtoi
The Honorable Order.
The Briton: Since the King has bea
honoring your military men y o
Tanks will be able to boast of a. lea
Knights of the Bath.
The Tank: We've always had Vr
?Saturday nighta.?Cartoons 3
- kT-' M
A good reputati*
is as vital to a business
as to an individi
kNY successful business rests upon the good
Any business that endures must reflect the
ment which must be answerable to the public.
The policy of Wilson & Co. from its inception has
on golden rule principles.
There is a moral as well as a financial responsibilit
aration of food products. The public is rightfully |
such as ours must at all times keep this moral
this is done there can be no permanent success.
Our good name rests upon public opinion ? upon _
opinion of this company and its products by the sat]
products themselves. It is your right to know thl
good name and your dependence upon the Wilson
ciated to the fullest extent.
t has with the public.
Jity of Its manage
conduct its business
;ted with Vhe prep
and a company
lity in mind. Unless
You form your
ion you get from the
jour confidence in our
will always be appce
The Wilson Label Protecm Your Table
We adopted the above "slogan" be
cause it tells in six words the full
meaning of the Wilson -shaped
label. Too much importance cannot
be attached to the value of a distinc
tive label to the consumer^ It is a
simple, sure means of identification.
It guides the purchaser. It puts the
manufacturer on record, to stand or
fall on the quality of his products! The
consumer will either accept or reject
by the label, as he or she comes to
know labels and their value.
When you buy meats or other food
products bearing our label you are
certainly entitled to know that you
are being treated fairly and squarely
and that the goods you buy are what
we have led you to expect them to be.
The Wilson label is the symbol of
our good name. It is our guarantee
to you
ducts are |
and that
every Wl
you maj
. meat on
label is <
that Wj
equal t<|
ite dishl
It is
well aj
mean 1,1
Bally that Wilson pro
pure and whotesocrte
ffoe standards will be
t it is the keystone of our
finishing touch to
i product.
wherever you buy
..g the Wilson label
utely depend upon the
and purity of that
product. The Wilson
redge and prrense to you
products are sefccted,
. prepared with respect
at shown by your owe
i she prepares the favor
f the family.
-in goor interest as
Pto see to it that the
W Qson label ts always
tv /a n
vyi,L^oN ev
v \y
Majestic -Ham, Bacon and Lard
Certified Canned Fruit*,
rbrook Dairy Prodmcts
Meat J*roducts

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