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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, November 10, 1918, Image 1

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America*s Historic Answer: "Unconditional Surrender!
Today?Light rain in morning; fair
and colder later. Tomorrow?Partly
|| cloudy; colder. Highest temperature
' yesterday, 62; lowest, 48.
IN The Washington Herald each
day you will find the Holland
Letter, the best financial feature in
America for a quarter of a century.
NO. 4398.
Two Hundred Thousand Deserters in Flam
ing Cauldron of Revolt to Spread
Colossal Social Upheaval.
Rebellion Believed in Infancy; Worst beared
When Defeated Soldiers Return from
the Battle Front.
Ams erdam, Nov. 9.?The German revolt, according to all
messages that have com ethrough up to this evening is spread
ing like wildfire across the whole width and breadth of the
empire. jf
There seems no doubt that the mass of the German people
is wholeheartedly behind the rebellion and that autocracy already
has been shaken off once and for all.
The flames of revolt are sweeping through the empire
with the fury that only rebellion can muster. They are licking
lway at the thrones. Some of the occupants, including Wilhelm
II, already have cast away the purple robes of divine right and
ibdicated to give the form of a magnanimous act, which, in
reality, is terror-stricken flight from the wrath of the serfs be
:ome masters. Others who hang on with desperate defiance
have been or are being toppled.
The whole empire is seething with riot and revolt. The
capital itself?Berlin?which held out to the last, is tonight a
flaming cauldron of rebellion. Two hundred thousand deserters
running riot are only part of the colossal upheaval.
The German armies in the west are tonight in almost the identical
position of the Austrian army of a week ago. The Fatherland, for
which they have fought through four years, is not what it was when
they left to "defend" it. The man who sent them out into baUle on j
that fateful August I, 1914. is crownless and throneless. Kingdoms
have turned republics overnight and the whole empire is chaos.
The three men who command the chief army groups in the west j
were among the first to be caught in the sweep of the crown clean-up. j
They are the German "crown prince," commanding the center; "Crown ]
Prince" Rupprecht of Bavaria and Duke Albrecht of Wuertemmberg. i
The Kaiser's eldest son has been forced to renounce his right to the |
throne. Bavaria is a republic. Wuertemmberg has done away with
the dynasty.
I n Saxony the royal throne is tottering, if it has not already
been torn down in the general crash.
The situation within Germany can be gauged only by the frag
-nentarv dispatches that poured into Holland and Scandinavian coun
ries all day and night. These indicate that the rebels are in dead
-arnest and have been everywhere successful. The colossal movement
k5, however, yet in its initial stage and the worst is still to come,
jtter collapse of the armies in the West appears a deadly certainty
the allied pursuit continues but a few hours more.
Xorth and south are set against one another and a civil war Of
Pie worst kind appears boiling up. Communications between north
?rn and southern Germany already are cut.
On the horizon of the chaos looms the prospect of 4,000,000 bit
?v disappointed soldiers pouring back into the homeland for the
?-y" of which they think they have fought through four ter
and which they now find in the throes of anarchy.
Political Chaos in All States.
is a republic, according to dispatches from various
V socialist newspaperman is the provisional president. The
It dynasty has been deposed by edict of the Bavarian Diet,
ia s example is stirring on every other kingdom, grand
uchy and principality in the empire to do likewise.
nj, the third largest kingdom within Germany, already is
with revolt Dresden, its capital, is reported in rebel hands
L - Saxon king about to abdicate or be overthrown.
B . Wurtemberg the cabinet has resigned, unable to cope with the
? ion.
V The empire's railways are tied up by a general strike.
W The great movement is still in its infancy. At iny moment it
?ay flare forth into a terrific civil war.
Hear FiK-Diy True. ! "l^jmcOHVOYED.
Is Signed in Ukraine M>"nK th?- L-m0n jaCk and ?tcam
I ,n* as boldly as a pre-war excursion
l boat, the flrat ocean liner to cross
from Europe without convoy since
the armed escort system began,
reached an Atlantic port today.
The captain said that he zig-zagged
Zurich*, via Paris, Nov. A rtve
armistice has been signed be
tween the Poles and the Ukrain
ians. according to a Berlin dis
pat< h late tonight. Gen. Von
Boehn. the German "retreat ex- ia little from force of habit, but he
pert. ' is in command of the IMlW nothing German and received no
Ukrainian troops, the dispatch wireless warnings. The trip was
adds. 1 made in ten days.
Enemy Driven More Than
100 Miles from Paris,
Says Gen. March.
Washington. Nov. 9?The com
bined attack* of th.? allien and the
Americans since July 18 have re
covered 7,500 square miles of terri
tory out of the 10.000 square miles
held then by the Germans in
France, and have drven back the
enemy from a position of thirty
fix miles from Paris to a distance
?" morc *han a hundred miles.
These were the important fea
ture" of Gen. March's conference
*ith the prcjs to-day.
Buttle Hero Present.
While Gen. March ??? giving his
Interview there was at the depart
ment Gen. Omar I,. Bundy. the hero
of the splendid lighting at and aro.ifid
lhateau Thierry, in which the Ma
rines participated. Summarising re
sults since July is. Gen. Maroh said:
me- advance of our First Ameri
can arm> to Sedan covered more than
thirty miles in eight days. Since July
th?' retirement of the ehemv
increased the distance between his!
line and Paris from thirty-aix miles1
to more than 100 miles. On July 18 f
the enemy occupied approximately
lO.Ono square ijiiies of French terrl-1
tory. He now holds less than 2,500 i
square miles."
Knemy >loumniiK I in pom. I hie.
Describinc: the actual position of
the German armies north and -west
of Sedan to the north, where contact
is made with the British. Gen. Mar?h
showed that the British army has
forced the enemy back to the high
lands of Ardennes at Maubeuge. fin
the south the American army, with
Gen. Gouraud's French Fourth army,
has driven him northward to Sedan
and Maziers. The result of this Is
that the Germans have lost the line;
of rail way <* from Sedan to Maubeuge I
and have now no line parallel with
their front. The German# can. there- j
fore, only feed and supply their J
armies in the field from Sedan to !
Maubeuge with short lines radiating I
toward the old main line, and cannot I
move troops from the north to the
south. Their predicament is therefore
hopeless from the strategic point of
Kul*e Report Harts I'rogrnm.
Gen. March took occasion today to
comment adversely on the publica
tion by a press association of a state
ment that the armistice had been
He said: * In connection with the
question of armistice, generally, the
erroneous announcement of an ar
mistice which has been interesting the
American public and the newspaper
world is a very bad thing for the
military program. For instance, in
New York stevedores who were work
ing on ships, sending supplies abroad
to our tr ?ops. stopped work 'o join j
the general celebration and many did)
not return the next day. Our trmy |
must hav * supplies no matts ? v ;iat
happens. Th* army will be In France.:
even if peace is declared, for some j
time and cannot be brought back ex
cept with the use of a great amount!
of shipping. It will require time in '
any event and of course supplies liav?1
to be sent them just the same. Any
public announcement like the one
mentioned, unconfirmed, makes the
military program essentially more dif
Gen. March declined to state 5n the
event of the signing of the armistice
what would be done with the men
now in camps or cantonment or
whether any more men would be sent
overseas. Gen. March said: "All i
this will be announced in War De
partment oraers at the proper time."
Gen. &Ia-ch announced that the
Thirty-seventh Division, under Kaj.
Gen. C. S. Farnsworth, and the Nine
ty-first Division, under W. H. Johr.
aprtf are fighting with the British :n
Socialistic Republic in
Berlin If Huns Reject
Txmdon. Nov. 9.?The Evening
News sa ys:
"The crash has come in Gef- j
many. There is little chance of I
the armistice, however sever*, be- j
ing resisted, for disaster would
follow such a course."
The Evening star says:
"If the Kaiser and his military '
advisers at 8pa reject the armis
tice, then one may expect the Ger- j
man government to accept the
terms Independently and establish l
a Socialistic republic in Berlin." j
Paris Odds Five to One
On Germany's Surrender
Paris, Nov. 9.?Betting here
tonight Is five to one that Ger
many will capitulate.
French Chamber of Depu
ties Announces Ousting of
Germany's Ruler.
Abdication Will Not Affect,
Armistice Terms Is Re- |
ported Belief.
max remains chancellor
Constitutional National Assembly
Will Decide Upon New Emperor
or Creation of Republic
Paris, No*. 9 (5:30 p. m.).?h
w?s officially announced in the
Chamber of Deputies this afternoon
that the Kaiser abdicated today.
There is reason to believe that
the abdication will not affect the
armistice terms, which are purely
The State Department an
nounced last night that an Ameri
can naval radio station had picked
UP the message flashed from the
German radio station at Nauen an- '
nouncing the abdication of Em
peror William.
Official, stated that the mes
sage picked up was signed by the
German chancellor and was sim
ilar to that relayed to this coun
ty by British wireless ?a,ion5.
However, the context of message
was not made public.
Crown Prince Must Go.
I>hs abdicated"' 9'~Thc Kaiser
The even, so long and often
rumored has come to pass at last.
wirel/nn?UnCed ln a
nro m?SSaKC "'""'"R fr?"> *
proc Initiation of princc Max q{
Baden, the chancellor.
The crown prince, too. must go
A constitutional r,crman
assembly is th0n yo*
upon the form of government for
the new Germany. I, wi? decjdf
Whether there shall be a new em
Peror or a German republic.
In the meantime Prince Max re
mains chancellor until a regency
?S s.e,tlfd- He announces h' in
lention to appoint a Socialist dep.
for'the "nPCr,al chancellor
for the duration of the regency.
Sir- =
Prlnor MiiT'a ii-.. >
nmx ? | rorlamaiion.
late today, follows
cha?ceIlo wi? rema|n ^
>he questions connected with the .b
-ation of the Kaiser, renouncing
he crown prtnee of the ? /
the German Empire ?nd of pru,.r
and the setting up of ? regen(.y h
been settled.
Point?rDtehpeu,';eeS,heasin;ehnedl; --
chancellor. and he nrnni lmPertal
bill shall be brought ^T"e,l that a
llshmetit of ? taw P1 [
immediate promulgation of ~ th<!
suffrage and for a c^unon""^1
man national assembly which
settle finally the future form -!\
emment of the C,en?n n^ti? *ov:
of those people, which might be *de
??sign?^rmlnK w,thin ,he
Prince Max of Baden."
? <Glasamaklng was first Introduced in
Kngland about the year ?T| ?,
The firs, ,n which Kla?
Widow's! the ad0rnmcnt church
I 1
First American Army Clears
Whole of Remonville
! Solid Front Extends Across
Meuse in Verdun
Haig's Men Now Well East of
Maubeuge-Avesnes Road; Aus
tria Violates Armistice.
With the American Firtt Army.
Nov. 9.?Pershing's First army took
a powerful leap forward today on
the east bank of the Meuse. The
important town of Mouzay and the
whole of Remonville Forest were
captured by the Yankees, who
bfoke the German resistance every
where. The Americans now hold a
>* _
so id line across the Meuse in the
Mouzay region. The town lies
twenty-one miles northwest of Ver
dun. i
London, Nov. g.?"The fortress
of Maubeugc was captured by
guards and the Sixty-sccond divi
I sion," says Field Marshal Haig's
day report.
I "Our troops made good progress
j south of the town, and arc well
east of the Maubeuge-Avesnes
"Bctwccrt the Scheldt and the
Antoing Canal we arc pushing for
ward toward Peruwelz.
"North" of Tournai we estab;
lished ourselves on the cast bank
of the Scheldt, about Herinuos
and Bcrgehcm."
! London. Nov. 9.?An official Italian
wireless message this evening says:
"Austria is nof complying with the
naval clauses of the armistice.''
The message, presumably .signed by
the Italian naval commander-in-chief
reads as follows:
"To the authorities in possession ot
the Austro-Hungarian fleet:
"The ninety-six hours laid down hav.
ing elapsed at 3 p. m. November 7, i
declare that some of the naval
clauses stipulated by the plenipoten
tiaries of the allied powers and the
United States of America, and ac
cepted by the plenipotentiaries of Aus
tria-Hungary, have not been complied i
with. j
"Information has not been supplied
concerning the location and the move
ments of the Austro-Hungarian ships.
Maps of the mine fields and other ob
stacles have not been communicated.
The merchant ships of the allied
powers have not been hanufd over.
The part of the Austro-Hungarian
navy which it had been agreed upon
should surrender has not been sur
j rendered.
| "The above facts constitute a com
' plete breach of the agreement sol
I annly stipulated by the armistice
1 convention.
(Signed) "Thaon Di Reval. I
"Commander-in-Chief, Italian Navy."l
Albert Heroic Fignrf.
At Belgian Army Headquarters. |
j Nov. 9.?While the Belgian army is |
1 steadily nearing Brussels the world's ]
eyes are turned on perhaps the most'
| heroic figure of tjie world war, Al- j
bert. King and commander-in-chief. 1
Heading his invincible wave of
steel, he is swiftly liberating his peo
ple from four years of slavery. It
may be a matter of weeks only be
I fore the world witnesses the spec
I tacle of the once fugitive king, be
reft of all but a tiny strip of his
I territory, entering the ancient capital
as victor over his people's oppres
sors. |
j Of the war's many dramas none is !
more appealing to the world's sympa
j thiep. Pending the crowning tri
umph of liberated Belgium the King
is living the most crowded hours of
his life, dividing his time between j
military duties and succoring his peo
ple who were caught in the sweep of l
war. He is never too busy to visit i
the humblest shell-wrecked village
and there walk the streets inquiring
into food problems and dispensing
Since Our Soldiers Joined
Them Allies Have Won
Almost Consistently.
? Since the American army joined
the allies on the Western front
7,500 square miles of territory have
been retaken from the German in
vaders. the German line has b^en
! pushed back approximately sixty
four miles and a preponderance of
man power, massed under a single
command, placed before every en
emy battle front.
Great as has been the assistance
given by American infantry, artil
lerymen, airmen and engineers, the
true power of the great army, fer- j
I ried 3.000 miles to the shell-wrecked 1
? fields of France, was not fully dem-?
onstrated until within the past two!
j weeks when Gen. Pershing sent hi* I
men by the thousands through the*
I rough country on the Me use .and I
I -Nn remtrMJers are* \
j of the glorious record of the Amer- 1
ican fighters at Cantignv. at i
]Chateau Thierry, in the St. Mihielt
. salient or in the great drive upon
the historic S^dan.
The American army consisted of
*?.ooo regular troops and about 45o.ono :
? State militia at the outbreak of the ,
I war. In a slight way they had been \
prepared for service by dutv on th?' !
! Mexican border. They were only a !
i handful, however, in comparison with |
the 2.500.000 and more today in France, j
the l.oOO.OOO in training in this country !
and the 18.000,000 others registered un- j
der the selective service laws and
even now preparing for future calls |
to duty.
In addition to the troops sent to'
France, the United States, in spite of |
the many towering military obstacles. I
j led the way in the employment of an i
j army in Siberia and in northern Rus
? sia, as well as sending units to the j
| Italian front. There have boon hours i
when the public feared that the war1
program was faulty, that it was j
being administered with no groat re- j
| card for speed. Happily. America's!
! army and its leaders have carried j
j through the nation's war program j
! without halt. America's record in the 1
j war is one of efficiency, courage and i
supreme idealism.
Decision Held Back
By Courier's Mishap?
London, Nov. 9?An official j
statement issued here late this j
evening says it is unlikely any
decision with regard to the armis- J
I tice will be reached today.
| The statement says:
"Owing to the heavy German bar
I rage and machine gun fire on the |
j battle front. th#? passage of ?h^ j
German courier from Marshal
I Foch's headquarters to Spa (Her- I
I man headquarters in Belgium^ was j
so delayed that he is not expected f
j to reach German headquarters till ;
this afternoon.
I "Consequently it is unlikely that
any decision with regard to the )
, armistice will be reached today." |
Deputies and Senators
Await Momentous News
Paris. Nov. 9 <4 p. m.).?The j
chamber of deputies and the sen- .
ate met late this afternoon. There j
was a full attendance in both
| houses. Tlie members evidently
I believed it was possible they
| might hear decisive news regard
ing the armistice.
' It is generally predicted in quar
ters best posted on developments
I that there will be no answer be
I fore tomorrow. The view is gen- i
I eral that Germany is prepared to ,
! accept.
It is possible that the German |
courier, Capt. Von Helldorf, will j
arrive from Spa tonightv
I Shell Torn Roads Hold
Up Truce, Says Berlin
Berlin via I-nndon. Nov. It j
was officially explained here late
today that the armiatlcc has been .
delayed because the German
courier had to pass through coun- j
try dotted with shell hoi ?- and \
heavily fortified.
Paris Cheors Wildly
For First Time in War
Pa rip, Nov. 9.?For tha first
j time in four years spontaneous
| eheers were heard on the Paris
boulevards tonight, as crowds
of young men paraded through
the capital shouting the ne*i
of the Kaiser's abdication.
Captain von Helldorf, German Courier, Is*
Hurrying from Spa to Foch's - '
German Emissaries, Awaiting Word fron*
Chiefs, Likely to Make Decision When
Message Comes. ^
New York, Nov. 9.?The world awaits breathlessly a flasU
from "Somewhere in France" which will convey Germany's de
At this hour, 8:30 p. m., all dispatches from the various
capitals may be boiled down to the unanimous belief that Ger?
many's signature or rejection of the armistice terms will not b?
known before some time tomorrow.
There is one chance, however, tfyugh a slight one. CapL
von Helldorf, the German courier, is, on?the face of London
and Paris dispatches, now speeding back from Spa to Foch'ti
little village where the German armistice delegates are quar-^
It is now about 1 :30 in France?an unusual hour for
calling upon the enemy's generalissimo. Such a course would,
however, be chosen if the courier has Hindenburg's or Prince
Max's order.
"Tell them to sign immediately."
"Immediately" for Germany now means without the loss of a sin?
gle second. Capt. von Helldorfs journey to Foch may well prove the
fastest and most desperate race with fate ever recorded. Revolt engulfa(
the empire and it seems but a matter of hours before it spreads to th?
front, cracking as Germany's armies are cracking under the allied blows.
v Von Helldorf would naturally first report to the armistice delegates.
If his instructions contain the word "immediately" then nothing woukf
be left to Erzberger and his conferees but to set heaven and earth in
motion to get to Foch and "sign up."
The only remaining question then would be whether Marshal Foch
chooses to be disturbed at such an hour. Time for him and the allie#
is not of the essence in the armistice matter.
Faris. Xov. o.?The German armisticc delegates late today sent
the following wireless message to Spa, presumably in reply to lit
answer to their previous message about the delay in the courier'*
"From the German plenipotentiaries to the German high
"We have received the radio message concerning trial
(tentative?) itinerary proposal. The destruction of the roads
concerned only the roads intended for communication?that
is, as far as possible, the same roads as heretofore.
It is entirely likely?and the quibbling over' the courier's routes
lend strength to the theory?that the German high command is,
deliberately working to delay the armistice, perhaps in the hope of
effecting some eleventh-hour desperate coup.
London, Xov. 9.?The following message was sent today by the
German armisticc delegates behind the French front to German
headquarters at Spa: \
"From the German plenipotentiaries to the German high
"Capt. von Helldorf has been held up by the destruc
tion of bridges. It is requested if possible not to cause any
destruction on the road, which is to be left open until fur
ther orders.
"It is also requcsted,_ in order to avoid any mistake, to
inform us by wireless of the whole course and the exact
course of this route.
"Cessations of firing for a short duration may be asked
for on this route, if there be occasion, with a very brief
period of forewarning.
(Signed) "VOfc WINTERFELD.'
Scene of Meeting
. age*. has been the formal question
I with whi< h parlementairea are re
Paris. Nov. 'Who are you, sen- i oe?\ ?d
tinmen." thus Ferdinand Foch. mar- J Out of the group of caller* steppad
i?hal of France, rising from hi* m*p- j a middle - sued. black - mouxiached
covered desk in a railroad car which man IVi civilian clothes, of xuave man -
Ik his headquarters, greeted the five | ner and Immaculate drea* fit
men whom Germany had sent to ask, M?tht?? Krsberger. the Centriat lead-.'
for the armistice terms. er. the first man in German history ta
Thrt o was no sneer, no sarcasm in defy the milltariats through ? Ketrhs- '
the Generalissimo's voice; nor were i tnK bloc He bowed courteously and
the words ironical, as they may sound | replied In perfect French
meant In irony. But that from time
immemorial. In all the wars of the CONTINUE OS PAGE TWO

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