Newspaper Page Text
SECURE YOUR HELP FROM
THE HERALD WANI ad COLUMNS. WASHINGTON. D. C.. SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 23, 1918 THE WEATHER Today and tomorrow ? Partly cloudy, with moderately low tem perature. Highest temperature yes terday, 47; lowest, 39. one cent $300,000,000 TAX CUT FROM REVENUE BILL Senate Recommends Elimi-j nation of Duties on All Luxuries. v SEE MORE REDUCTIONS ?:? Imposts on Cigars and Cig arettes Drop One-Third; Soft Drinks Cut. f Sweeping: reduction* in the taxes which were to have been, imposed by the new revenue bill were made by the Senate Finance Committee yes terday, following the recommenda tion of the Treasury Department that the total yield of the bill should be cut to S6.000.000.0t0 The rates on cigars and cigarettes were cut aoout one-third. The tax on soft drinks *ras cut in half. All of the so-called taxes on luxuries, in cluding clothing above a certain fixed value, and the proposed tax of two cents a gallon on gasoline were stricken from the bill. There will be no tax on photographs and the tax on candy is cut from 10 ^ per cent to 5 per cent, while on chew in* gum the tax will be only 3 per cent. The tax on Jewelry will be 5 per cent instead of 10 per cent. ' Firtker Redaction* To Be Made. The reductions made will amount to more than S3CO.OOO.OOO in the volume of revenue from the bill. Still further reductions are to be made in other tax schedules until the measure is brought down to the maximum agreed upon. The new rates fixed by the commit tee are as follows: Near beer and other beverage# con taining less than one-half of per cent of alcohol. 15 per cent, reduced from 30 per cent: soft drinks In bottles or other containers. 10 per cent, reduced from 20 per cent. Piano players, graphophones. etc., 5 per cent: chewing gum, 3 per cent: photographic films and plates, 5 per cent: candy, 5 per cent: firearms, shells, etc.. 10 per cent Instead of 25 J per cent: thermos bottles, 5 per cent: slot machines, 5 per cent: articles made of fur, 10 per cent; toilet soaps and powders, 5 per cent: sculptures, paintings, etc., 5 per cent: Jewelry, 5 per cent: moving picture leases, 5 per cent Instead of 10 per cent. Bowie knives, which were included with the deadly weapons upon which a tax of 100 per cent was to be Im posed. are taken out of this classifi cation and put in with hunting kn?ves, which are to pay a tax of 10 per cent. " The tax on electric fans was * changed so as to apply only to fans of the portable type; they are to be taxed 5 per cent. The changes made in the taxes on cigars are as follows: Tobacca Taxes Cat. Cigars under three pounds per 1.000. 11.50 per 1.000 instead of 12: 5-cent cigars. 14 per 1.000 instead of 15: 5 to 5-cent cigars, 13.40 per 1.000 instead of i $*; * to 15-cent cigars. $9 per 1,000 in- I stead of $12: 15 to 25-cent cigars, $12 per l.oon instead of $16; cigars costing more than 2o cents each. $15 per 1,000 instead of $20. Cigarettes weighing not more than three pounds per 1.000. made to retail' at less than 2 cents each, will be j taxed $2.90 per 1.000 instead of $4.10., Cigarettes weighing more than three j pounds per 1.0*) will be taxed $7.20 per 1.000 instead of $9.60. The tax on tobacco and snuff is changed from 18 cents a pound to 13' cents a pound. The tax on cigarette [ papers js changed from 1 cent on packages containing less than 100 pa- [ pers to H cent, and on the larger1 packages the tax of 2 cents is chang ed to 1 cent. While these reductions are about ? one-third of the rates previously agreed upon, they are about 40 per ^nt higher than the taxes collected > Bnder the existing law. CHEERS DROWN SLURS ON U. S. M. Tardieu Praises America' As Socialist Brings Charges. Pans. Not. 22.?A brilliant r?futa tion of certain innuendo charges J against America was made in the chamber of deputies today by Andre Tardieu. French high commissioner to the UnUed States. Insinuations against America were voiced by( cer tain Socialist deputies in the course I of a debate on the French mercan tile marine Situation. M. Bergoin severely criticized the government for not having obtained from the allies and America the nec essary tonnaje before enforcing Requisition in France. Tardieu rang to hid feet and with a note ^ scorn in his voice, said In part. K No. there exists no paper signed V Ji the United States with regard m> the tonnage question. p "Nor wax a paper signed for the kl.000.000,000 francs advanced by kmerica to France. Nor was a fpaper signed for over 3.000.000,000 francs granted by American bank ers at the time America was still jkrutral. Nor was a paper signed for Umerica's agreement to grant us fl Itancial help after the war. \ "No papers were signed obligat ing America to do any of these Ifcingx Above all. there was no fcigned paper compelling her to send 1.000.000 men to France to help us io victory. Neither myself nor M. Clemenceau have any papers in that regard." M Tardieu's statement was greet ed with stormy applause. Prince's Wife Heartbroken. Geneva. Nov. 22.?"My heart breaks. God bless you,- exclaimed the ex-Crown Princes wife upon presenting gifts to her servants just be/ore departing for Denmark. Th? ax-KAiseriA is seriously ill. Ambassador Naon's Resig nation May Oust Pres ident Irigoyen./^ BIDS WILSON GOOD-BY Leaves in Few Days to Be Onlooker at Peace Conference. | Had President Irigoyen given fa vorable consideration to the many re | quests of Ambassador Naon, the Ar | gentine envoy here. Argentina would have entered the war on the side of the allies and the United States in stead of maintaining neutrality. J The war was the basic reason for the resignation of the Ambassador, I who yesterday bade farewell to Presl | dent Wilson. His resignation has ; precipitated a political crisis in the | southern republic, which may result in the resignation of President Irigo yen, in the belief of observers here. President Irigoyen has steadfastly maintained the neutrality of his country against the winheH of thou sands of its citizens, who became es pecially vociferous in their demand for war when this nation made pub lic the famous "spurlos versenkt" correspondence of Count von Lux burg, the German representative in Argentina. In a statement given out at the Argentine Embassy here Dr. Naon refute* the charge of President Irigo | yen tlrat the Ambassador's last trip j to Buenos Aires concerned only one | international question?that advan | tage be taken of the exemptions and I benefits afforded the allies by Argen j tina in order to obtain reciprocal ma | terial advantages. Dr. Naon's state I raent is as follows: "The statement of President Iri goyen is utterly false. Dr. Naon was called to Buenos Aires because President Irigoyen did not wish to accept his resignation in December last, which resignation was founded on three reasons: First, that Dr. Naon thought the maintaining of Argentina outside the war was mor ally and politically wrong, and be cause. as a consequence of true pan Americanism. Argentina ought to | have made common cause with the United States in this war. "Second, to define clearly the non neutral policy to be followed, be cause the policy of neutrality was illogical when the fundamental principles of the internaticma 1 ex istence of* weak nations were at stake. I "Third, the unequivocal authorisa I tion to continue representing here | the policy of pan-Americanism and | complete solidarity of the country. | In regard to the geoaj*i policy With j the allies, he proposed~as a compro i mise the celebration of a treaty be tween the allied governments and the Argentina for complete recipro cal economic co-operation during the war. ! "Dr- >?*on understood that this , treaty would amount to an economic alliance which would pave the way to a political alliance into which the government of Argentina did not wish to enter at that time on the basis that they would have no cause to declare war. Dr. Naon thought that the cause of the United States and the allies in itself was the cause of Argentina." Dr. Naon will leave Washington in a few days for Paris, to be an on looker at the peace conference. No hint of his successor has been re ceived here from Buenos Aires. ORGANIZED LABOR FIGHTS FOR MOONEY Perjury Convicted Labor Advocate, Says Gompers. Chicago. Nov. S.-"Tom Mooney will not hang." declared Samuel Gompers here tonight. "He was con victed on perjured evidence." con tinued the labor leader, "and organ ized labor will put up a stronger fight than ever for him." Mr. Gompers was leaving for Wash ington to begin the fight for Mooney's freedom when interviewed. He would not say whether he approved the proposed nation-wide strike in the j imprisoned man's behalf. $2,000,000 BALTIMORE FIRE. I Oil Tanker, Two Piers and Build ings Are Destroyed. ! Baltimore. Nov. 22.?A $2,000,000 fire started at Canton today when inflammable material burst into flames in the hold of the tanker Standard, of the Standard Oil Com pany. Two big piers, several export buildings and the vessel were de stroyed. together with a large quan tity of gasoline. There were many heavy explosions, but no loss of life is believed to have resulted. INDICTED BY GRAND JURY. Lumbermen Charged with Defraud ing Government. ; Tfk- Nov. 22.?Two officer, and fourteen employees and former employees of the Coastwise Lumber [Company, from President to steno grapher were indicted today by a Federal Grand Jury. It is alle-ed that money was ob tained from the Government on ma 1 . 1 yas not delivered. The officers indicted are George T. Mc Quade. president, and Charles Cur tis, vice-president. BARRACKS FOR WILSON. President May Be Billeted in Tem ? porary Structure. Paris. Nov. 22.?President Wilson e"/>?y the unique privilege ol being billeted In a portable barrack In Tuilleries public square during the peace conference Plans are bettig made to house hia entourage here. \ 1 Colonel House's Illness Causes Anxiety Here Grave concern is expressed at the Wfc'te House over cabled reports of the illness of Col. Kdward M. House in Paris. It is a matter of common Know ledge that President WiLv.m, in considering the attitude of the United States in the. comiog peace conference and in writ ing the addresses which he will deliver in Europe, has relied greatly upon the eounscl of Col. House, who is destined to play an important part in the expression of American ideals and hopes at the coming world congress. BORAH BALKS OVER PENROSE "Will Not Be Party" to Giv ing Him Finance Chair manship. If Senator Borah has anything to say about it. S^ator Boies Penrose, of Pennsylvania, will, not be ffie chair man of the Finance Committee when the Republicans take control of the next Senate. The Idaho Senator made this fact indubitably plain to National Chair man Will Hays yesterday afternoon. He told Hays that he simply would not be a party to seating Penrose as the chairman of this most impor tant comittee. The ?'thing." as all the progressives call it, would have to be straightened out some way. Borah said, and it was up 10 Hays to do it. Hajs was also in conference during ; the day with Senators Lodge. Smoot | and Watson, and talked with a num | ber of the other progressives in ad dition to Borah. He returned to New York on a late train. When Penrose was told that Borah ' had served an ultimatum upon Hays | that he would not stand for him, I'en i rose, as chairman of the committee, Penrose replied: "Borah is only one member of the Senate; he is not the whole party or ganization." One vote in the Senate, however, would upset the Republican majority and create a tie which Vice Presi dent Marshall would be called upon to decide. 4UNVEIL TABLET BEFORE WILSON British Honor Birthplace of President's Mother. President Wilson's decision first to visit England on his way to the peace conference was made that he might participate in the unveiling of a tablet in honor of his mother at the First Presbyterian Church at Carlisle, England, which is not far from Liverpool and the Scottish bor der, being just across the Irish* Sea from Downpatrick, Ireland, where many of the Wilson family are buried. According to information from an authoritative source, the President is deeply touched by the action of the citizens of the little town of Carlisle, where his mother spent her early girlhood, and where her father. Rev. James Woodrow, was pastor of the First Presbyterian Church. Rev. James Woodrow was born in Patrick Down, Ireland, the birthplace of St. Fatrick. His first charge was in Patrick Down, end later he as sumed the pastorate at Carlisle, Eng land. The family later moved to Chillicothe, Ohio. Rev. Joseph Wilson, the father of ' the President, was pastor of a Pres byterian church at Chillicothe. and It was there that he met and wed Mary Woodrow. Lriter he assumed the pas torate of a church at Staunton, Va., where President Wilson was born. NAVY REPORTS ?TOTAL $275,000 ? Admiral Cowie Announces Additional Contributions to War Drive Fund. j Ships and stations all over the world are reporting additions to th*lr original contributions to the United War Work organizations, ac cording to reports which continue to come in to Admiral T. J. Cowte. who had charge of the drive in tne , xvavy. Some of the vessels have in , creased their contributions to about . $700. The $2,000 which had already been pledged from the Island of Samoa in the mid-Pacific was increased at i a meeting held last Thursday, which w-is attended by the governor of the ! island, the secretary of native af ? fairs and native high chiefs, ac ? cording to a cablegram received yesterday from the naval station. The n-ivy men stationed on the Vir gin Islands contributed $800 to the fund, and the 957 prisoners on the prison ship "Southery" at Ports mouth, N. H.. contributed $1,100. Admiral Cowie announced last night that the total subscription of \ the navy had reached $275,000. 27 German Mine Sweepers Interned Amsterdam. Nov. 22?Twenty-seven i German mine-sweeping vessels were interned In Dutch ports todaj. BREWERS USED GERMAN CLUBS INPROPAGANDA ????? ' Hyphenated Alliance Was Strong Ally in Politi cal Fights. UPHELD ALIEN TONGUES Foreign Language Press Helped by Annual Payments. Further evidence relating to the connection between the brewers and the German-American Alliance was submitted yeyterday to the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee, investigat ing the financing of the Washington Times and the interference of the brewers in the politics of the coun try. in documents read by Maj. Humes, counsel for the subcommittee, into ^the records, Dr. Percy Andrea, head of the brewers' propaganda bureau, the National Association of Com merce and Labor, is congratulated upon having brought the alliance into the fight against prohibition. Reports made to Dr. Andrea by his field men contain the 3tatement that the alli ance had been of grAt value in the I political campaigns in several of the States, especially Texas, Iowa and I Ohio. "The German-Ame* ican Alliance has made a strong and effective ally ii> the fiKht," the document declares. "At Andrea's request they sent some of their best men into Texas." Point* to Prc*? Articles. Reference is made fo articles by Ix>uis Hammerling, president of the! National Association of Foreign Lan- j guage Newspapers, published in 683 j CONTINUED ON PAGE THRU HUN HORN STILL LOUD IN MEXICO ????? Tales Spread of Disorders in Ally Nations and De mands by U. S. German propaganda continues in full force . in Mexico, ncoording U* tnforWkflon reaching official quarters here yesterday. The propaganda Is typical of that which appeared in anti-ally. journals , throughout Mexico while actual hos | tilities were in progress. A sample | of the "post-armistice" propaganda i is given in numerous stories and re I ports of great disorders in Great Britain and France, which are being spread throughout Mexico, and an , other report, of which the following is the substance: "Humiliating demands by the United States on President Carranza will shortly be received in Mexico | City. Carranza will boldly reject i them and move his capital to a safer place." What the intent of the Germans is j is not clearly known here, but It is I recalled that the German minister to Mexico, upon the signing of the ai*? i mistice, gave out a bombastic state ment, wherein he re-proclaimed all the virtues of Germany for having I finally brought peace to war-worn ! world. M'ADOO TO CUT MONEY WASTE Finance Corporation to Be Changed to Care for Peace Time Needs. The War Finance Corporation is to t be extended ar.d its charter changed i I to make it practically a peace finance I | corporation, if recommendations to! Congress to be made by Secretary of I I the Treasury McAdoo are favorably j I received. j The Capital Issues Committee also : should be continued as an agency to ! curb wasteful uses of capital, in the | opinion of the retiring secretary. I Mr. McAdoo, as chairman of the I j United States section of the Inter-] : national High Commission, has been i | bringing to public notice sinco the I signing of t!\e armistice the impor tance of trade with LAtin America. To Be a ("OMfrrlng Agency. The Capital Issues Committee is to i be continued as a conserving agency through the readjustment period. Mr. McAdoo also said yesterday. It will relax its restrictions over capital is sues for essential construction. ! The trouble with the^ committee is that it has not enforcing powers. Mr. McAdoo explained, the result being that fehady propositions avoid seek ing the committee's sanction, while i those above reproach have been cur } tailed. Further advances to foreign gov I ernments are to be made only so far as it is necefsary to ease the process of peace, it was Indicated. The gen eral policy, however, is understood to be to reduce these loans as much possible. The form of future borrowings by the Treasury will depend upon the future needs, the Secretary said. The war has stopped too suddenly to permit of turning the war machine to a peace-time direction in such a way as to forecast with any accu I racy future money needs. The form, therefore, of future bond issues -will be determined by their size and the size to the Treasury's I needs- Mr. McAdoo favors the con 1 tinulty of the present selling organiza tion. Paris Expecto Wilson Dec. 12. Pari p. Now 22.?Parts expects Presi dent Wilson to arrive here from Bng Jland December 12. Plans are under j way to give him a royal wclcome. President Greets King of Belgium on His Triumph \ The following message from President Wilson to Kin* Albert of Belgium was made public yes terday at the White House: "His Majesty, "King Albert of Belgium, "Brussels. "At the moment that you re enter Brussels at the head of your victorious army, may I not ex press t^ great Joy that it gives me and to the American people to hail your return to your capi tal, marking your final triumph in this war which has cost your na tion so much suffering, but from which it will arise in new strength to a higher destiny. (Signed) "WOODROW WILSON/' ' 3 ASQUITH GIVES LEAGUE IDEAS British Ex-Premier. De clares no Nation Must Dictate. London, Nov. 22.?Apropos of the American Congressional discussions, which are quite lengthily reported by English newspaper correspondents in Washington, ex-Premier Asguith to day made the following statement concerning the project of the league of nations. "No nation ought to be called upon to surrender or impair its effective and complete sovereignty over its own affairs and interest. "No nation should be allowed to dictate to another forms of legisla tion or administration or a scheme of government. "No naMon. and no combination of nations, ought to be in a position to prescribe for the rest wha: its fiscal policy should be. That is a very burning question. "Each government must be allowed to tax its people, frame its tariff and carry on its financial system with i primary regard to its own interests. "It would be a very serious handi cap to the adoption, of a league of nations if it were to be supposed that by associating one's counltV with a great international combination one should be called upon in any way to surrender the complete power of self determination and independent gov-' emment. "Next, they all should be prepared j to combine their naval, military and j economic forces against any member j or group of members cherishing and i trying to carry into effect aggressive! ends." ryan resTgns ! | AIRCRAFT JOB Second Assistant War Sec retary Will Follow Cop per Industry. Declaring that he was needed more acutely in copper than in aircraft production of tfre country, John D. Ryan, Second ^Assistant Secretary of War and Director of the Air Service yesterday sent his resignation to Newton D. Bake^ Secretary of War. Secretary Baker acquiesced in the resignation and thanked Mr. Ryan for his efficient work and unfail ing courtesy. With the signing of the armistice and the consequent reduction of the aircraft program, according to Mr. Ryan, his work In Washington had become relatively unimportant. "Labor and industry in the country must be quickly adjusted from a war to a peace basis," said Mr. Ryan, i "and the copper production is one |of the most vital to the country's I welfare. I believe that I can do much in helping to bring about sta ble conditions, and that I should | take up the work immediately." After expressing appreciation for I the executive efficiency and. sure ness which he brought to the alr ' craft production. Secretary Baker I expressed the hope that Mr. Ryan i would remain with the birt-eau until | plans for contract cancellation and demobilization are sufficiently ma 1 tured to allow those who are to carry them out to have ("efinite and I fixed principles for their guidance. MIKADOHONORS D. S. GENERALS Japanese Emperor Confers Orders Upon Five Amer ican, Officers. The Japanese Ambassador, the War Department announced last night, has, informed the Secretary of State that! His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor' of Japan, has conferred decorations! upon certain officers of the American ! army as follows: The Grand Cordon of the Order of j the Rising Sun on Gen. Peyton C. j March, chief of staff of the army. The Grand Cordon of the Order of ? Paulownia upon Gen. John J Per- j shing, commanding the Atnerican Ex- j ? peditionary Forces. t The Grand Cordon of the Order of | | the Rising Sun upon Gen. Tasker H ? Bliss. American representative at the i j Supreme War Council. | Second class of the Sacred Treasure ' I upon Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines, chief i of embarkation. I Third claa* of the Order of the Rls ing Sun upon Col. Constant Cordler | and Col. Harry H. Pattison. France Honors American Woman. Paris. Nov. 22.?Mrs. Elliott Fitch Sheppard has been awarded the Me daille de Reconnaissance, of gold, from the French war office because of her conspicuous service in nursing j 1 French soldiers and aiding refugees, j M'ADOO LEAVES PRESIDENT'S CABINET; HIS ACTION WEAKENS ADMINISTRATION; WILSON TO APPOINT SUCCESSOR JAN. 1 < Seven Important Positions Most Be 'Filled Immediately. ALL EXPRESS REGRET J. B. Forgan or B. M. Baruch May Be Named. In the resignation of Secretary Mc Adoo. the administration losej the pinion upon which the entire govern mental machinery wu geired. The resignation causes vacancies which can be filled only by the appointment of several executives, for Mr. McAdoo has been Secretary of the Treasury, Director General of Railroads, chair man of the Federal Reserve Board, chairman of the Farm Loan Board, chairman of the Board of Directors of the War Finance Corporation and chairman of the Central Executlvo Council, the governing board of the International High Commission, made up of delegation* from every country in the Western Hemisphere. Mr. McAdoo, in his tenure of office since March 6, 191*, has shouldered greater burdens of administration and finance than any man has ever car ried in the history of the world. He hra literacy planned the financing of the world. In administration work the number of employee has leaped in the past five years from 7,500 to 25.000 In Washington, and if the railroad's employes are to be included, to 2.025. 000. In the same time the dally treas ury statement from a low level of a daily balance of flii.OGO.OOO haa Jumped to a point where a maximum dally balance of over $2,0(0,000.000 has been registered. Tonri Coantry. Mr. McAdoo's record of proposals and achievements as a member of the cabinet clearly and unmistak ably proves his strength as a leader and his marvelous breadth of vision and foresight. When he assumed office the Con gress was considering the revision of the tariff act, the creation of an income tax act and the enact ment of the Federal Reserve System act. He was largely instrumental in directing the thought which tram<-d these measures. Following: the passage of the acts, he made a tour of the country with Secretary Houston and Director of Currency John Skelton Williams and mapped out the Federal Reserve banking- system. It was this system which saved the country when the war came. He soon afterwards caused orders to be issued which caused all banks to pay interest of two per cent upon government deposits. Up to this time interests had been paid by governmental depositaries for only about $1,000,000 of government funds. It was with the outbreak of the European war, however, that the nation first came to know of the strength and ability of its Secre tary of the Treasury. Within three or four days after the flame of war broke out In Europe, Mr. McAdoo had urged and brought about the amendment of the Aldrich-Vreeland Emergency Currency act which CONTINUED |>N PAGE FOUfc BAVARIAEAGER TCTQUIT BERLIN Will Proclaim Republic If National Assembly Is Delayed. Bavaria -will proclaim herself a re public il the extremist factions In Germany continue their campaign to gain complete authority, according to an official dispatch received here yes terday from Zurich. The message adds: ??If the national assembly is not convoked witl^out delay Bavaria, like all southern Germany, will proclaim herself a republic and conclude a sep arate peace. Today a.l the Munich papers publish articles against Ber lin the trnor of all of which is this: ?We do not want another Prussia.' "Dr. Helm, leader of the centrals, declares that his party will back the Socialists if the national assembly is not Convoked as soon as possible. Furthermore, he want? Its sittings held in Frankfort, and not Berlin, where it would have m> freedom. "Through all parts ot Bavaria there is a growing discontent against the new government, and royalism seems to be reappearing. The peasants (rave boycotted the towns to such an ex tent as to draw a proclamation from the minister of the interior, in which ha says: 'Bread and potatoes are, so to speak, the columns of our feeding system. If these columns give way. the order and tranquillity o^thc state will go with them.* " Another official dispatch received yesterday from Stockholm says Oe* roany's cries of "famine" are made solely for the purpose of procuring more lenient peace terms. It quotas a returning neutral, who says; "I am surprised at the anguished appeals that Germany is making to the whole world, as If she were starv ing. The real state of things is quite different. The harvest of the year is still far from exhausted, and besides, Germany has the supplies from Uk raine. Would Settle Irish Question. London, Nov. 22.?Lloyd George has promised the Irish settlement as an election pledge. Allied Troops March on Kiev. Basle, Nov. 22.?Allied troops ar? victoriously marching on Kiev, capi tal of Ukraine. Letters of McAdoo and President The Se*etary of the Treasury, Washington. ?. November 14, 1918. Dear Mr. President: Now that an armistic has been signed and peace is as sured, I feel at liberty to ap prise you of my desire to re turn, as soon as possible, to private life. I have been conscious, for some time, of the necessity for | this step, but, of course, I could not consider it while the country was at war. For almost six years I have worked incessantly under the pressure^of gTeat responsibil ities. Their exactions have drawn heavily on my strength. The inadequate compensation allowed by law to Cabinet of ficers (as you know I receive no compensation as Director Genera] of Railroads) and the very burdensome cost of liv ing in Washington have so I depleted my personal resources that I am obliged to reckon with the facts of the situation. I do not wish Jo convey the impression that there is any actual impairment of my health, because such is not the fact. As a result of long over work I need a reasonable pe riod of genuine rest to re plenish my energy. But more than this, I must, for the sake of my family, get back to pri vate life to retrieve my per sonal fortunes. I cannot secure the required rest nor the opportunity to look after my long-neglected private affairs unless I am re lieved of my present responsi bilities. I am anxious to have my retirement effected with the least possible inconvenience to yourself and to the public service, but it would, I think, be wise to accept my resigna tion now as Secretary of the Treasury, to become effective upon the appointment and qualification of my successor, so that he may have the op portunity and advantage of participating promptly in the formulation of the policies that should govern the future work of the Treasury. I would suggest that my resig nation as Director General of Railroads become effective January t, 1919, or upon the appointment of my successor, I hope you will understand, my dear Mr. President, that CONTINUED OS Pag^ FOUB. ARMY PASSES LOUVAIN ON MARCH TO BORDERS Virtually all of Kingdom Reo=cu pied by Belgians. Havre, Xov. 22.?Louvain. the city of tears and horror, has been pa^^d I bjr the Belgian army re-occupying ita | homeland. The right ming of K'n? j Albert's army now stands east of the heap of ruins that was once one | of the most beautiful cities in the j kingdom. j -A "Belgian war office communique j issued today shows the Belgians have j re-occupied virtually all or the king dom save the provinces of Liege and Limbourpr (adjoining the Dutch prov ince Of the same name.) PRESSMEN RETURN TO WORK. Rochester Newspaper Strike Is Arbitrated. Rochester. N. Y.. Nov. 21.?Striking pressmen voted to return to work tonight and tomorrow Rochester's newspapers will be Issued as usual for the first time since Tuesdcjr morning. Striking printers had already been ordered to return to work by the i International Typographical Unlor j officials. Under the terms of the arbitration committee, the strikers will receive the flat scale of ?31.50 a week for night worV and $28 for day work. LORD ROBERT CECIL RESIGNS. British Official's Action Gives In terest to Ejection Campaign. London, Nov. 22.?The election campaign, which had promised to be rather uneventful, took a sudden ex citing turn late yesterday when the Evening News announced the resig nation of Lord Robert Cecil as un der secretary of foreign affairs. At the same time J. R. Clines. who had represented a large section of organised labor In the coalition cab inet, resigned as food controller. Frucc Lift* CcoMnkip. Paris, Nov. 22.?France lifted the censorship ban on all news to Amer ica today. Treasurer to Resume Prac tice of Law in New York City. IS SEEKING VACATION Postponed Action Until Victory Was Won, He Declares. William Gibbs McAdoo has resi*??? as Secretary of the Treasury and U Director General of Rallroadc. Th? President has accepted his r^*na? tlon. Mr. McAdoo's snnonncement waa made at 6 o'clock yesterday after noon under the most dramatic di^ cu instances. Quite incidentally, a# thon*h it war* least important emonf the mattars he had been Informally discuaaing. at the Tery dose of his weekly cots fer^nce with the newspaper oorrea pendent*. Mr. McAdoo Quietly to4d those fathered In hie Treaaury atocm that he vu retiring from public Ufa; that he had tendered b's realgaa tlon to the President and that tha resignation had been accepted. The new* took every man complete ly by surprise Not a hint of the Secretary's retirement had b**m heard in Washington. After an hour's discussion of pub lic policies coverir* not only tbm question of future Treasury fins but the future of the rallroada, for readjustment of industry as construction of Europe a minor matter*. Mr McAdoo told of his decision to retire from pubUe life. ?Washington correspondents are not accustomed to many surprises Soma Intimation of coming Important events usually reaches their ears before tta events, but in this case the newe fall in r from the Secretary's lips cum without warning. Thry wera taken aback. Expraa elona of surprise Immediately car* way to those of regret and ev?n of sorrow, for Mr. McAdoo. however his public policies have lmprusesi Was^lnr'on, has personally won and commanded the respect and even af fection of those with whom he has been in cloae contact during the years of his government wl??. one could say a word. The Secretary proceeded In the same quiet manner to say that be would make public the correspond ence between himself and t>e Presi dent. and that that correspondence contained all the reasons and th? only reasons for his decision to re tire. Mr. McAdoo's motive In leaving the public serTice Is entirely personal, te said. Obligations to his wife ana children to devote hl.nself hencefert* to their interests controlled his ss tion. .. He had made up his mind to retJm to private life by March < last McAdoo said, but with the war oon? tng on h? felt then ar.l until Its closM that he had no right to leave hi* poblic post. Now thst the war Is ovr. this i?M jor, for remaining r.o 1 inger existed* he added. He emphasised only the* there Is no reason for his retirement from the government except th? COSTISTtD ok" PACE TOCB. D. C. MAN FIRST INTO BRUSSELS Major John Van Schaict Opens Up Red Crxx>s Station Promptly. SisJ John Van Schaick. of Wash ington. president of the Board of Ed ucation of the District of Columbia and Red Cross Commissioner to Bel glum. was the first American to enter Brussels after It was evacuated by the Germans, accordlne to word received here last ulght. Accom panied by J- W. I>ee, of New Twit. Deputy Commissioner, he establish ed headquarter j In B.-ussels at once. Red Cross headquarters will oo operate with the Commission for Re lief In Belgium and the Belgian gov ernmental agencies engaged in emer gency relief work. Food dieuib jtion U the chief task of Dr. Van Schaick for the present. While this ?elief Is i-mall in pro portion to the immediate need Mai , Van Schslck states that It would be wort"! while for he Am-ncaa Red C-oss to stay In Europe for i four years for the chance of ren dering ruch service as Its re^re?e? tativee are atle to offer Belgium at present. nrllrlis ef Jey. These Red Croes r?p~s?nlatives were with the party of Belgian min isters who entered Ghent on the morning ->f Novembe. U Lnjrmous I crowds escorted them to the Hotel De Ville. where they were carried 1 up the rteps by "Ue people. The scene, according to the Red ! Cross repre-entntlvee. was a deUrtui* of Joy which represented the peot-np feedings of more than four years sud denly flooding out upon those wh? fl-st appeared apon the sce'-e Frcaco Offkiak to Eater AInm. Par'a Nov. 22.-~.Toch, CU. , - ? and Potncare are to attend the soisMn enir> Into 8traasburg, Aisaoe, oa Da | camber 4 . .