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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, November 23, 1918, Image 1

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Today and tomorrow ? Partly
cloudy, with moderately low tem
perature. Highest temperature yes
terday, 47; lowest, 39.
one cent
Senate Recommends Elimi-j
nation of Duties on
All Luxuries.
Imposts on Cigars and Cig
arettes Drop One-Third;
Soft Drinks Cut.
Sweeping: reduction* in the taxes
which were to have been, imposed by
the new revenue bill were made by
the Senate Finance Committee yes
terday, following the recommenda
tion of the Treasury Department that
the total yield of the bill should be
cut to S6.000.000.0t0
The rates on cigars and cigarettes
were cut aoout one-third. The tax on
soft drinks *ras cut in half. All of
the so-called taxes on luxuries, in
cluding clothing above a certain
fixed value, and the proposed tax of
two cents a gallon on gasoline were
stricken from the bill.
There will be no tax on photographs
and the tax on candy is cut from 10
^ per cent to 5 per cent, while on chew
in* gum the tax will be only 3 per
cent. The tax on Jewelry will be 5
per cent instead of 10 per cent.
' Firtker Redaction* To Be Made.
The reductions made will amount to
more than S3CO.OOO.OOO in the volume of
revenue from the bill. Still further
reductions are to be made in other
tax schedules until the measure is
brought down to the maximum agreed
The new rates fixed by the commit
tee are as follows:
Near beer and other beverage# con
taining less than one-half of per cent
of alcohol. 15 per cent, reduced from
30 per cent: soft drinks In bottles or
other containers. 10 per cent, reduced
from 20 per cent.
Piano players, graphophones. etc., 5
per cent: chewing gum, 3 per cent:
photographic films and plates, 5 per
cent: candy, 5 per cent: firearms,
shells, etc.. 10 per cent Instead of 25 J
per cent: thermos bottles, 5 per cent:
slot machines, 5 per cent: articles
made of fur, 10 per cent; toilet soaps
and powders, 5 per cent: sculptures,
paintings, etc., 5 per cent: Jewelry, 5
per cent: moving picture leases, 5 per
cent Instead of 10 per cent.
Bowie knives, which were included
with the deadly weapons upon which
a tax of 100 per cent was to be Im
posed. are taken out of this classifi
cation and put in with hunting
kn?ves, which are to pay a tax of
10 per cent.
" The tax on electric fans was
* changed so as to apply only to fans
of the portable type; they are to be
taxed 5 per cent.
The changes made in the taxes on
cigars are as follows:
Tobacca Taxes Cat.
Cigars under three pounds per 1.000.
11.50 per 1.000 instead of 12: 5-cent
cigars. 14 per 1.000 instead of 15: 5 to
5-cent cigars, 13.40 per 1.000 instead of i
$*; * to 15-cent cigars. $9 per 1,000 in- I
stead of $12: 15 to 25-cent cigars, $12
per l.oon instead of $16; cigars costing
more than 2o cents each. $15 per 1,000
instead of $20.
Cigarettes weighing not more than
three pounds per 1.000. made to retail'
at less than 2 cents each, will be j
taxed $2.90 per 1.000 instead of $4.10.,
Cigarettes weighing more than three j
pounds per 1.0*) will be taxed $7.20
per 1.000 instead of $9.60.
The tax on tobacco and snuff is
changed from 18 cents a pound to 13'
cents a pound. The tax on cigarette [
papers js changed from 1 cent on
packages containing less than 100 pa- [
pers to H cent, and on the larger1
packages the tax of 2 cents is chang
ed to 1 cent.
While these reductions are about
? one-third of the rates previously
agreed upon, they are about 40 per
^nt higher than the taxes collected
> Bnder the existing law.
M. Tardieu Praises America'
As Socialist Brings
Pans. Not. 22.?A brilliant r?futa
tion of certain innuendo charges J
against America was made in the
chamber of deputies today by Andre
Tardieu. French high commissioner
to the UnUed States. Insinuations
against America were voiced by( cer
tain Socialist deputies in the course
I of a debate on the French mercan
tile marine Situation.
M. Bergoin severely criticized the
government for not having obtained
from the allies and America the nec
essary tonnaje before enforcing
Requisition in France. Tardieu
rang to hid feet and with a note
^ scorn in his voice, said In part.
K No. there exists no paper signed
V Ji the United States with regard
m> the tonnage question.
p "Nor wax a paper signed for the
kl.000.000,000 francs advanced by
kmerica to France. Nor was a
fpaper signed for over 3.000.000,000
francs granted by American bank
ers at the time America was still
jkrutral. Nor was a paper signed for
Umerica's agreement to grant us fl
Itancial help after the war.
\ "No papers were signed obligat
ing America to do any of these
Ifcingx Above all. there was no
fcigned paper compelling her to send
1.000.000 men to France to help us
io victory. Neither myself nor M.
Clemenceau have any papers in that
M Tardieu's statement was greet
ed with stormy applause.
Prince's Wife Heartbroken.
Geneva. Nov. 22.?"My heart
breaks. God bless you,- exclaimed
the ex-Crown Princes wife upon
presenting gifts to her servants
just be/ore departing for Denmark.
Th? ax-KAiseriA is seriously ill.
Ambassador Naon's Resig
nation May Oust Pres
ident Irigoyen./^
Leaves in Few Days to Be
Onlooker at Peace
| Had President Irigoyen given fa
vorable consideration to the many re
| quests of Ambassador Naon, the Ar
| gentine envoy here. Argentina would
have entered the war on the side of
the allies and the United States in
stead of maintaining neutrality.
J The war was the basic reason for
the resignation of the Ambassador,
I who yesterday bade farewell to Presl
| dent Wilson. His resignation has
; precipitated a political crisis in the
| southern republic, which may result
in the resignation of President Irigo
yen, in the belief of observers here.
President Irigoyen has steadfastly
maintained the neutrality of his
country against the winheH of thou
sands of its citizens, who became es
pecially vociferous in their demand
for war when this nation made pub
lic the famous "spurlos versenkt"
correspondence of Count von Lux
burg, the German representative in
In a statement given out at the
Argentine Embassy here Dr. Naon
refute* the charge of President Irigo
| yen tlrat the Ambassador's last trip
j to Buenos Aires concerned only one
| international question?that advan
| tage be taken of the exemptions and
I benefits afforded the allies by Argen
j tina in order to obtain reciprocal ma
| terial advantages. Dr. Naon's state
I raent is as follows:
"The statement of President Iri
goyen is utterly false. Dr. Naon
was called to Buenos Aires because
President Irigoyen did not wish to
accept his resignation in December
last, which resignation was founded
on three reasons: First, that Dr.
Naon thought the maintaining of
Argentina outside the war was mor
ally and politically wrong, and be
cause. as a consequence of true pan
Americanism. Argentina ought to
| have made common cause with the
United States in this war.
"Second, to define clearly the non
neutral policy to be followed, be
cause the policy of neutrality was
illogical when the fundamental
principles of the internaticma 1 ex
istence of* weak nations were at
I "Third, the unequivocal authorisa
I tion to continue representing here
| the policy of pan-Americanism and
| complete solidarity of the country.
| In regard to the geoaj*i policy With
j the allies, he proposed~as a compro
i mise the celebration of a treaty be
tween the allied governments and
the Argentina for complete recipro
cal economic co-operation during
the war.
! "Dr- >?*on understood that this
, treaty would amount to an economic
alliance which would pave the way
to a political alliance into which the
government of Argentina did not wish
to enter at that time on the basis
that they would have no cause to
declare war. Dr. Naon thought that
the cause of the United States and
the allies in itself was the cause of
Dr. Naon will leave Washington in
a few days for Paris, to be an on
looker at the peace conference. No
hint of his successor has been re
ceived here from Buenos Aires.
Perjury Convicted Labor Advocate,
Says Gompers.
Chicago. Nov. S.-"Tom Mooney
will not hang." declared Samuel
Gompers here tonight. "He was con
victed on perjured evidence." con
tinued the labor leader, "and organ
ized labor will put up a stronger fight
than ever for him."
Mr. Gompers was leaving for Wash
ington to begin the fight for Mooney's
freedom when interviewed. He would
not say whether he approved the
proposed nation-wide strike in the
j imprisoned man's behalf.
$2,000,000 BALTIMORE FIRE.
I Oil Tanker, Two Piers and Build
ings Are Destroyed.
! Baltimore. Nov. 22.?A $2,000,000
fire started at Canton today when
inflammable material burst into
flames in the hold of the tanker
Standard, of the Standard Oil Com
Two big piers, several export
buildings and the vessel were de
stroyed. together with a large quan
tity of gasoline. There were many
heavy explosions, but no loss of life
is believed to have resulted.
Lumbermen Charged with Defraud
ing Government.
; Tfk- Nov. 22.?Two officer,
and fourteen employees and former
employees of the Coastwise Lumber
[Company, from President to steno
grapher were indicted today by a
Federal Grand Jury.
It is alle-ed that money was ob
tained from the Government on ma
1 . 1 yas not delivered. The
officers indicted are George T. Mc
Quade. president, and Charles Cur
tis, vice-president.
President May Be Billeted in Tem
? porary Structure.
Paris. Nov. 22.?President Wilson
e"/>?y the unique privilege ol
being billeted In a portable barrack
In Tuilleries public square during the
peace conference
Plans are bettig made to house hia
entourage here.
\ 1
Colonel House's
Illness Causes
Anxiety Here
Grave concern is expressed at
the Wfc'te House over cabled
reports of the illness of Col.
Kdward M. House in Paris. It
is a matter of common Know
ledge that President WiLv.m, in
considering the attitude of the
United States in the. comiog
peace conference and in writ
ing the addresses which he will
deliver in Europe, has relied
greatly upon the eounscl of
Col. House, who is destined to
play an important part in the
expression of American ideals
and hopes at the coming world
"Will Not Be Party" to Giv
ing Him Finance Chair
If Senator Borah has anything to
say about it. S^ator Boies Penrose,
of Pennsylvania, will, not be ffie chair
man of the Finance Committee when
the Republicans take control of the
next Senate.
The Idaho Senator made this fact
indubitably plain to National Chair
man Will Hays yesterday afternoon.
He told Hays that he simply would
not be a party to seating Penrose
as the chairman of this most impor
tant comittee. The ?'thing." as all
the progressives call it, would have
to be straightened out some way.
Borah said, and it was up 10 Hays
to do it.
Hajs was also in conference during
; the day with Senators Lodge. Smoot
| and Watson, and talked with a num
| ber of the other progressives in ad
dition to Borah. He returned to New
York on a late train.
When Penrose was told that Borah
' had served an ultimatum upon Hays
| that he would not stand for him, I'en
i rose, as chairman of the committee,
Penrose replied:
"Borah is only one member of the
Senate; he is not the whole party or
One vote in the Senate, however,
would upset the Republican majority
and create a tie which Vice Presi
dent Marshall would be called upon to
British Honor Birthplace
of President's
President Wilson's decision first to
visit England on his way to the
peace conference was made that he
might participate in the unveiling of
a tablet in honor of his mother at
the First Presbyterian Church at
Carlisle, England, which is not far
from Liverpool and the Scottish bor
der, being just across the Irish* Sea
from Downpatrick, Ireland, where
many of the Wilson family are
According to information from an
authoritative source, the President is
deeply touched by the action of the
citizens of the little town of Carlisle,
where his mother spent her early
girlhood, and where her father. Rev.
James Woodrow, was pastor of the
First Presbyterian Church.
Rev. James Woodrow was born in
Patrick Down, Ireland, the birthplace
of St. Fatrick. His first charge was
in Patrick Down, end later he as
sumed the pastorate at Carlisle, Eng
land. The family later moved to
Chillicothe, Ohio.
Rev. Joseph Wilson, the father of
' the President, was pastor of a Pres
byterian church at Chillicothe. and It
was there that he met and wed Mary
Woodrow. Lriter he assumed the pas
torate of a church at Staunton, Va.,
where President Wilson was born.
?TOTAL $275,000
Admiral Cowie Announces
Additional Contributions
to War Drive Fund.
j Ships and stations all over the
world are reporting additions to
th*lr original contributions to the
United War Work organizations, ac
cording to reports which continue
to come in to Admiral T. J. Cowte.
who had charge of the drive in tne
, xvavy. Some of the vessels have in
, creased their contributions to about
. $700.
The $2,000 which had already been
pledged from the Island of Samoa
in the mid-Pacific was increased at
i a meeting held last Thursday, which
w-is attended by the governor of the
! island, the secretary of native af
? fairs and native high chiefs, ac
? cording to a cablegram received
yesterday from the naval station.
The n-ivy men stationed on the Vir
gin Islands contributed $800 to the
fund, and the 957 prisoners on the
prison ship "Southery" at Ports
mouth, N. H.. contributed $1,100.
Admiral Cowie announced last
night that the total subscription of
\ the navy had reached $275,000.
27 German Mine Sweepers Interned
Amsterdam. Nov. 22?Twenty-seven
i German mine-sweeping vessels were
interned In Dutch ports todaj.
????? '
Hyphenated Alliance Was
Strong Ally in Politi
cal Fights.
Foreign Language Press
Helped by Annual
Further evidence relating to the
connection between the brewers and
the German-American Alliance was
submitted yeyterday to the Senate
Judiciary Subcommittee, investigat
ing the financing of the Washington
Times and the interference of the
brewers in the politics of the coun
in documents read by Maj. Humes,
counsel for the subcommittee, into
^the records, Dr. Percy Andrea, head
of the brewers' propaganda bureau,
the National Association of Com
merce and Labor, is congratulated
upon having brought the alliance into
the fight against prohibition. Reports
made to Dr. Andrea by his field men
contain the 3tatement that the alli
ance had been of grAt value in the I
political campaigns in several of the
States, especially Texas, Iowa and I
"The German-Ame* ican Alliance
has made a strong and effective ally
ii> the fiKht," the document declares.
"At Andrea's request they sent some
of their best men into Texas."
Point* to Prc*? Articles.
Reference is made fo articles by
Ix>uis Hammerling, president of the!
National Association of Foreign Lan- j
guage Newspapers, published in 683 j
Tales Spread of Disorders
in Ally Nations and De
mands by U. S.
German propaganda continues in
full force . in Mexico, ncoording U*
tnforWkflon reaching official quarters
here yesterday.
The propaganda Is typical of that
which appeared in anti-ally. journals
, throughout Mexico while actual hos
| tilities were in progress. A sample
| of the "post-armistice" propaganda
i is given in numerous stories and re
I ports of great disorders in Great
Britain and France, which are being
spread throughout Mexico, and an
, other report, of which the following
is the substance:
"Humiliating demands by the
United States on President Carranza
will shortly be received in Mexico
| City. Carranza will boldly reject
i them and move his capital to a safer
What the intent of the Germans is
j is not clearly known here, but It is
I recalled that the German minister to
Mexico, upon the signing of the ai*?
i mistice, gave out a bombastic state
ment, wherein he re-proclaimed all
the virtues of Germany for having
I finally brought peace to war-worn
! world.
Finance Corporation to Be
Changed to Care for
Peace Time Needs.
The War Finance Corporation is to
t be extended ar.d its charter changed i
I to make it practically a peace finance I
| corporation, if recommendations to!
Congress to be made by Secretary of I
I the Treasury McAdoo are favorably j
I received.
j The Capital Issues Committee also
: should be continued as an agency to !
curb wasteful uses of capital, in the
| opinion of the retiring secretary.
I Mr. McAdoo, as chairman of the I
j United States section of the Inter-]
: national High Commission, has been i
| bringing to public notice sinco the I
signing of t!\e armistice the impor
tance of trade with LAtin America.
To Be a ("OMfrrlng Agency.
The Capital Issues Committee is to i
be continued as a conserving agency
through the readjustment period. Mr.
McAdoo also said yesterday. It will
relax its restrictions over capital is
sues for essential construction.
! The trouble with the^ committee is
that it has not enforcing powers. Mr.
McAdoo explained, the result being
that fehady propositions avoid seek
ing the committee's sanction, while
i those above reproach have been cur
} tailed.
Further advances to foreign gov
I ernments are to be made only so far
as it is necefsary to ease the process
of peace, it was Indicated. The gen
eral policy, however, is understood to
be to reduce these loans as much
The form of future borrowings by
the Treasury will depend upon the
future needs, the Secretary said.
The war has stopped too suddenly
to permit of turning the war machine
to a peace-time direction in such a
way as to forecast with any accu
I racy future money needs.
The form, therefore, of future bond
issues -will be determined by their
size and the size to the Treasury's
I needs- Mr. McAdoo favors the con
1 tinulty of the present selling organiza
Paris Expecto Wilson Dec. 12.
Pari p. Now 22.?Parts expects Presi
dent Wilson to arrive here from Bng
Jland December 12. Plans are under
j way to give him a royal wclcome.
President Greets
King of Belgium
on His Triumph
The following message from
President Wilson to Kin* Albert
of Belgium was made public yes
terday at the White House:
"His Majesty,
"King Albert of Belgium,
"At the moment that you re
enter Brussels at the head of your
victorious army, may I not ex
press t^ great Joy that it gives
me and to the American people
to hail your return to your capi
tal, marking your final triumph in
this war which has cost your na
tion so much suffering, but from
which it will arise in new
strength to a higher destiny.
' 3
British Ex-Premier. De
clares no Nation Must
London, Nov. 22.?Apropos of the
American Congressional discussions,
which are quite lengthily reported by
English newspaper correspondents in
Washington, ex-Premier Asguith to
day made the following statement
concerning the project of the league
of nations.
"No nation ought to be called upon
to surrender or impair its effective
and complete sovereignty over its
own affairs and interest.
"No nation should be allowed to
dictate to another forms of legisla
tion or administration or a scheme of
"No naMon. and no combination of
nations, ought to be in a position to
prescribe for the rest wha: its fiscal
policy should be. That is a very
burning question.
"Each government must be allowed
to tax its people, frame its tariff and
carry on its financial system with i
primary regard to its own interests.
"It would be a very serious handi
cap to the adoption, of a league of
nations if it were to be supposed that
by associating one's counltV with a
great international combination one
should be called upon in any way to
surrender the complete power of self
determination and independent gov-'
"Next, they all should be prepared j
to combine their naval, military and j
economic forces against any member j
or group of members cherishing and i
trying to carry into effect aggressive!
ryan resTgns !
Second Assistant War Sec
retary Will Follow Cop
per Industry.
Declaring that he was needed more
acutely in copper than in aircraft
production of tfre country, John D.
Ryan, Second ^Assistant Secretary of
War and Director of the Air Service
yesterday sent his resignation to
Newton D. Bake^ Secretary of War.
Secretary Baker acquiesced in the
resignation and thanked Mr. Ryan
for his efficient work and unfail
ing courtesy.
With the signing of the armistice
and the consequent reduction of the
aircraft program, according to Mr.
Ryan, his work In Washington had
become relatively unimportant.
"Labor and industry in the country
must be quickly adjusted from a
war to a peace basis," said Mr. Ryan,
i "and the copper production is one
|of the most vital to the country's
I welfare. I believe that I can do
much in helping to bring about sta
ble conditions, and that I should
| take up the work immediately."
After expressing appreciation for
I the executive efficiency and. sure
ness which he brought to the alr
' craft production. Secretary Baker
I expressed the hope that Mr. Ryan
i would remain with the birt-eau until
| plans for contract cancellation and
demobilization are sufficiently ma
1 tured to allow those who are to
carry them out to have ("efinite and
I fixed principles for their guidance.
Japanese Emperor Confers
Orders Upon Five Amer
ican, Officers.
The Japanese Ambassador, the War
Department announced last night, has,
informed the Secretary of State that!
His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor'
of Japan, has conferred decorations!
upon certain officers of the American !
army as follows:
The Grand Cordon of the Order of j
the Rising Sun on Gen. Peyton C. j
March, chief of staff of the army.
The Grand Cordon of the Order of ?
Paulownia upon Gen. John J Per- j
shing, commanding the Atnerican Ex- j
? peditionary Forces.
t The Grand Cordon of the Order of |
| the Rising Sun upon Gen. Tasker H ?
Bliss. American representative at the i
j Supreme War Council.
| Second class of the Sacred Treasure '
I upon Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines, chief
i of embarkation.
I Third claa* of the Order of the Rls
ing Sun upon Col. Constant Cordler
| and Col. Harry H. Pattison.
France Honors American Woman.
Paris. Nov. 22.?Mrs. Elliott Fitch
Sheppard has been awarded the Me
daille de Reconnaissance, of gold,
from the French war office because of
her conspicuous service in nursing j
1 French soldiers and aiding refugees, j
Seven Important Positions
Most Be 'Filled
J. B. Forgan or B. M.
Baruch May Be
In the resignation of Secretary Mc
Adoo. the administration losej the
pinion upon which the entire govern
mental machinery wu geired. The
resignation causes vacancies which
can be filled only by the appointment
of several executives, for Mr. McAdoo
has been Secretary of the Treasury,
Director General of Railroads, chair
man of the Federal Reserve Board,
chairman of the Farm Loan Board,
chairman of the Board of Directors
of the War Finance Corporation and
chairman of the Central Executlvo
Council, the governing board of the
International High Commission, made
up of delegation* from every country
in the Western Hemisphere.
Mr. McAdoo, in his tenure of office
since March 6, 191*, has shouldered
greater burdens of administration and
finance than any man has ever car
ried in the history of the world. He
hra literacy planned the financing of
the world. In administration work the
number of employee has leaped in
the past five years from 7,500 to 25.000
In Washington, and if the railroad's
employes are to be included, to 2.025.
000. In the same time the dally treas
ury statement from a low level of a
daily balance of flii.OGO.OOO haa Jumped
to a point where a maximum dally
balance of over $2,0(0,000.000 has been
Tonri Coantry.
Mr. McAdoo's record of proposals
and achievements as a member of
the cabinet clearly and unmistak
ably proves his strength as a leader
and his marvelous breadth of vision
and foresight.
When he assumed office the Con
gress was considering the revision
of the tariff act, the creation of
an income tax act and the enact
ment of the Federal Reserve System
act. He was largely instrumental
in directing the thought which
tram<-d these measures.
Following: the passage of the acts,
he made a tour of the country with
Secretary Houston and Director of
Currency John Skelton Williams and
mapped out the Federal Reserve
banking- system. It was this system
which saved the country when the
war came.
He soon afterwards caused orders
to be issued which caused all banks
to pay interest of two per cent upon
government deposits. Up to this
time interests had been paid by
governmental depositaries for only
about $1,000,000 of government
It was with the outbreak of the
European war, however, that the
nation first came to know of the
strength and ability of its Secre
tary of the Treasury. Within three
or four days after the flame of war
broke out In Europe, Mr. McAdoo
had urged and brought about the
amendment of the Aldrich-Vreeland
Emergency Currency act which
Will Proclaim Republic If
National Assembly Is
Bavaria -will proclaim herself a re
public il the extremist factions In
Germany continue their campaign to
gain complete authority, according to
an official dispatch received here yes
terday from Zurich. The message
??If the national assembly is not
convoked witl^out delay Bavaria, like
all southern Germany, will proclaim
herself a republic and conclude a sep
arate peace. Today a.l the Munich
papers publish articles against Ber
lin the trnor of all of which is this:
?We do not want another Prussia.'
"Dr. Helm, leader of the centrals,
declares that his party will back the
Socialists if the national assembly is
not Convoked as soon as possible.
Furthermore, he want? Its sittings
held in Frankfort, and not Berlin,
where it would have m> freedom.
"Through all parts ot Bavaria there
is a growing discontent against the
new government, and royalism seems
to be reappearing. The peasants (rave
boycotted the towns to such an ex
tent as to draw a proclamation from
the minister of the interior, in which
ha says: 'Bread and potatoes are, so
to speak, the columns of our feeding
system. If these columns give way.
the order and tranquillity o^thc state
will go with them.* "
Another official dispatch received
yesterday from Stockholm says Oe*
roany's cries of "famine" are made
solely for the purpose of procuring
more lenient peace terms. It quotas a
returning neutral, who says;
"I am surprised at the anguished
appeals that Germany is making to
the whole world, as If she were starv
ing. The real state of things is quite
different. The harvest of the year is
still far from exhausted, and besides,
Germany has the supplies from Uk
Would Settle Irish Question.
London, Nov. 22.?Lloyd George
has promised the Irish settlement
as an election pledge.
Allied Troops March on Kiev.
Basle, Nov. 22.?Allied troops ar?
victoriously marching on Kiev, capi
tal of Ukraine.
Letters of
McAdoo and
The Se*etary of the Treasury,
?. November 14, 1918.
Dear Mr. President:
Now that an armistic has
been signed and peace is as
sured, I feel at liberty to ap
prise you of my desire to re
turn, as soon as possible, to
private life.
I have been conscious, for
some time, of the necessity for
| this step, but, of course, I
could not consider it while the
country was at war.
For almost six years I have
worked incessantly under the
pressure^of gTeat responsibil
ities. Their exactions have
drawn heavily on my strength.
The inadequate compensation
allowed by law to Cabinet of
ficers (as you know I receive
no compensation as Director
Genera] of Railroads) and the
very burdensome cost of liv
ing in Washington have so
I depleted my personal resources
that I am obliged to reckon
with the facts of the situation.
I do not wish Jo convey the
impression that there is any
actual impairment of my
health, because such is not the
fact. As a result of long over
work I need a reasonable pe
riod of genuine rest to re
plenish my energy. But more
than this, I must, for the sake
of my family, get back to pri
vate life to retrieve my per
sonal fortunes.
I cannot secure the required
rest nor the opportunity to
look after my long-neglected
private affairs unless I am re
lieved of my present responsi
I am anxious to have my
retirement effected with the
least possible inconvenience to
yourself and to the public
service, but it would, I think,
be wise to accept my resigna
tion now as Secretary of the
Treasury, to become effective
upon the appointment and
qualification of my successor,
so that he may have the op
portunity and advantage of
participating promptly in the
formulation of the policies
that should govern the future
work of the Treasury. I
would suggest that my resig
nation as Director General of
Railroads become effective
January t, 1919, or upon the
appointment of my successor,
I hope you will understand,
my dear Mr. President, that
Virtually all of Kingdom Reo=cu
pied by Belgians.
Havre, Xov. 22.?Louvain. the city
of tears and horror, has been pa^^d
I bjr the Belgian army re-occupying ita
| homeland. The right ming of K'n?
j Albert's army now stands east of
the heap of ruins that was once one
| of the most beautiful cities in the
j kingdom.
j -A "Belgian war office communique
j issued today shows the Belgians have
j re-occupied virtually all or the king
dom save the provinces of Liege and
Limbourpr (adjoining the Dutch prov
ince Of the same name.)
Rochester Newspaper Strike Is
Rochester. N. Y.. Nov. 21.?Striking
pressmen voted to return to work
tonight and tomorrow Rochester's
newspapers will be Issued as usual
for the first time since Tuesdcjr
Striking printers had already been
ordered to return to work by the
i International Typographical Unlor
j officials. Under the terms of the
arbitration committee, the strikers
will receive the flat scale of ?31.50
a week for night worV and $28 for
day work.
British Official's Action Gives In
terest to Ejection Campaign.
London, Nov. 22.?The election
campaign, which had promised to be
rather uneventful, took a sudden ex
citing turn late yesterday when the
Evening News announced the resig
nation of Lord Robert Cecil as un
der secretary of foreign affairs.
At the same time J. R. Clines. who
had represented a large section of
organised labor In the coalition cab
inet, resigned as food controller.
Frucc Lift* CcoMnkip.
Paris, Nov. 22.?France lifted the
censorship ban on all news to Amer
ica today.
Treasurer to Resume Prac
tice of Law in New
York City.
Postponed Action Until
Victory Was Won, He
William Gibbs McAdoo has resi*???
as Secretary of the Treasury and U
Director General of Rallroadc. Th?
President has accepted his r^*na?
Mr. McAdoo's snnonncement waa
made at 6 o'clock yesterday after
noon under the most dramatic di^
cu instances.
Quite incidentally, a# thon*h it war*
least important emonf the mattars
he had been Informally discuaaing. at
the Tery dose of his weekly cots
fer^nce with the newspaper oorrea
pendent*. Mr. McAdoo Quietly to4d
those fathered In hie Treaaury atocm
that he vu retiring from public Ufa;
that he had tendered b's realgaa
tlon to the President and that tha
resignation had been accepted.
The new* took every man complete
ly by surprise Not a hint of the
Secretary's retirement had b**m
heard in Washington.
After an hour's discussion of pub
lic policies coverir* not only tbm
question of future Treasury fins
but the future of the rallroada,
for readjustment of industry as
construction of Europe a
minor matter*. Mr McAdoo told of
his decision to retire from pubUe
?Washington correspondents are not
accustomed to many surprises Soma
Intimation of coming Important events
usually reaches their ears before tta
events, but in this case the newe
fall in r from the Secretary's lips cum
without warning.
Thry wera taken aback. Expraa
elona of surprise Immediately car*
way to those of regret and ev?n of
sorrow, for Mr. McAdoo. however
his public policies have lmprusesi
Was^lnr'on, has personally won and
commanded the respect and even af
fection of those with whom he has
been in cloae contact during the
years of his government wl??.
one could say a word.
The Secretary proceeded In the
same quiet manner to say that be
would make public the correspond
ence between himself and t>e Presi
dent. and that that correspondence
contained all the reasons and th?
only reasons for his decision to re
Mr. McAdoo's motive In leaving the
public serTice Is entirely personal,
te said. Obligations to his wife ana
children to devote hl.nself hencefert*
to their interests controlled his ss
tion. ..
He had made up his mind to retJm
to private life by March < last
McAdoo said, but with the war oon?
tng on h? felt then ar.l until Its closM
that he had no right to leave hi*
poblic post.
Now thst the war Is ovr. this i?M
jor, for remaining r.o 1 inger existed*
he added. He emphasised only the*
there Is no reason for his retirement
from the government except th?
Major John Van Schaict
Opens Up Red Crxx>s
Station Promptly.
SisJ John Van Schaick. of Wash
ington. president of the Board of Ed
ucation of the District of Columbia
and Red Cross Commissioner to Bel
glum. was the first American to
enter Brussels after It was evacuated
by the Germans, accordlne to word
received here last ulght. Accom
panied by J- W. I>ee, of New Twit.
Deputy Commissioner, he establish
ed headquarter j In B.-ussels at once.
Red Cross headquarters will oo
operate with the Commission for Re
lief In Belgium and the Belgian gov
ernmental agencies engaged in emer
gency relief work.
Food dieuib jtion U the chief task
of Dr. Van Schaick for the present.
While this ?elief Is i-mall in pro
portion to the immediate need Mai
, Van Schslck states that It would
be wort"! while for he Am-ncaa
Red C-oss to stay In Europe for
i four years for the chance of ren
dering ruch service as Its re^re?e?
tativee are atle to offer Belgium
at present.
nrllrlis ef Jey.
These Red Croes r?p~s?nlatives
were with the party of Belgian min
isters who entered Ghent on the
morning ->f Novembe. U Lnjrmous
I crowds escorted them to the Hotel
De Ville. where they were carried
1 up the rteps by "Ue people.
The scene, according to the Red
! Cross repre-entntlvee. was a deUrtui*
of Joy which represented the peot-np
feedings of more than four years sud
denly flooding out upon those wh?
fl-st appeared apon the sce'-e
Frcaco Offkiak to Eater AInm.
Par'a Nov. 22.-~.Toch, CU. , - ?
and Potncare are to attend the soisMn
enir> Into 8traasburg, Aisaoe, oa Da
| camber 4 . .

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