Newspaper Page Text
Today?Rain or snow. Tomorrow ?Probably clearing and colder. Hrghest temperature yesterday, 43; lowest, St. THE WASHINGTON HERALD A. Dramatic reviews of the High est caliber will be found on page 9. NO. 4420. washington, d. C., monday, december 2, 1918. one cent U. S. OWNERSHIP OF RAILROADS WILL CONTINUE President to Tell Congress System Cannot Be Un scrambled. ? NEW DIRECTOR CHOSEN Announcemen tof McAdoo's Successor Will Be Made Today. President Wilson, In his history making address to Congress today, ^ la expected to lift the curtain on many questions of paramount na-' tional and international concern, axnong the former of which is un derstood to be the futuro of the rail roads. It was also learned on good au j thority yesterday that he will also name a successor to Director Gen eral McAdoo. | Both announcements are predicted to hold surprises and to upset most of the carefully worked out theories of what he shall do about the roads. It i? also asserted in quarters of the first reliability that there will L he no clean-out definition of either! . government ownership and control or of private ownership and control, j ?but an announcement that the gov-I ernment no longer needs certain) roads for the purpose for which they were taken over, and that they j may be expected presently to be re- i turned to their owners, on one hand, and. on the other, that it is prac tically impossible for the govern ment to unscramble the bulk of the ' unified system under the law which j so directs, except with disaster to) service and security holders. Pre?ident Solely Responsible. It was learned to<Iay that the Rail-; road Administration and the Inter state Commerce Commission have been busily engaged during the past week preparing data which is understood to he for the President's use in making up the railroad section of his address. It U pointed out that the law makes the President and no one else directly responsrt)le for the administration of the railroads and. therefore, the Presi dent will tell Congress his views based upon his experience to date. This experience, it is declared, so far as peace-time operation is concerned. Is far too meager for the President to i commit himself for or against public 1 ?wnership as a definite policy in the I Way in which that is generally under stood. The announcement, however, is ex ? pected very greatly to tjear tl*e air of .Siui-h of the uncertainty which exists >with respect to the railroads' future- I It is understood by those in high offl- | cial positions in the government rail road administration and parti<!ularly; hy man who for years has been' A close, constant touch with the in jMe of the machinery, that the prob- 1 lem the President will present to Con gress and the country is no simple one,' but yet is definite enough to start the wheels of legislation and take the rail- j road question out of the strictly poli tical plane of discussion that has ob tained since the signing of the armis tice. I Two Salle?f Facts. Two facts are expected to be pointed out forcibly and plainly, namely, that the reason for fumher government operation . of certain roads passed with the coming of peace or will pass presently with the completion of demobilization, and. also, that it is patently im possible. without disaster to secur ity holders and the loss of many' benefits gained through government operation. 10 turn back the majority of the roads to their owners as con templated in the railroad law. A third fact, which follows as a corollary to the second, which the I [j CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO. KING CEMENTS' PREWAR PACT ritish iMonarch's Visit to I Paris Strengthens Old Alliance. Paris. Dec. 1.?It Is permissible to state that King George's visit to Paris at this time has a deeper significance I than that of or.jr empty military show or a formal reception. Perusing the French press comment, one gain., the impression that th? British monarch'** visit signifies the forma.!it?n of a definite Franco-British alliance, first, of a military nature, and then in preparation for united ac tion at the com ins Peace Conference. Throughout the public ceremonies (he Kins is wearing his campaign uniform. All formality is marked by military simplicity, contrasting with the pompous show of his last visit in the spring of 1914. The French press definitely states that the King is being received as the commander-in-chief of the British fcrmy and navy. Le Temps writes: "The British em pire is safe only while it has a friend in France and Belgium, and France 3-eathes freely only if the British fleet remains friendly." ' Thw. translated Into plain English, means that France accepts British control of the seas. j The "entente cordiale" formed be rbre the war was rather vague, but i has been strengthened through The London agreement against separate, peace, which agreement might expire [ 1th the end of the war. Saved from American hooner in Mid-Atlantic ndon, Dec. 1.?Lloyd's announces t the steamship Alexandrian re nts the rescue of seven survivors if the American schooner Wiljiam pbb, which was lost in the mid ilaaUp. The cause of the schooner's sink g Is not given >a the repot. British Peace Staff of 500 to Beat Paris Prices by Taking Food Parte, Dec. 1.?The British p4*ce delegation, which with the clerical arid technical staffs will include nearly 500 persons, who will occupy two en tire hotels, will bring their own food along from England, except vege tables. They will have their own servants except chefs. 11am coats 9 francs ($1.80) a pound here now. bacon sells for 5.50 francs ((1.19), while butter fetchc* 7 francs (11.10) per pound. Eggs sell for 60 cen times apiece. Potatoes are sold by weight. 30 centimes per pound. Only two pounds of each product are al lowed customers at retail. Ham and bacon are sold only on four days of each week. Eggs and butter are lacking in most stores. Parte hotels are crowded and the boarding houses, too, are filled to overflowing, "^^urnished apartments under 400 francs per month ($80) afe scarce. The present population of Paris is estimated at 5.000.000 as com pared with 3,000.000 before the war. mexTcanHes IN BAD SHAPE I Unpaid Interest on Rail ways' Notes Total $75,000,000. For the first time since the United States entered the war, the adminis tration frankly discussed the financial strength of Mexico, the condition of he* transport systems and the radical | measures apparently contemplated it* her plans for reconstruction. The discussion is in the form of a report by the Bureau or Foreign and Domestic Commerce of the Depart ment of Commerce designed to inform American business men of the founda tion of economic sRurity as it now exists in Mexico. After pointing out that the past five years have witnessed the doubling of American inu?orts from Mexico and exports to her merchants, the report takes up President Carranma's annual message and his statement that the government has.been able to meet ex penditures from federal revenues. It is pointed that the Mexican govern ment has paid no interest on her huge external debt since 1913; nor on the stocks, bonds and notes of the Na tional Railways seized in 1914, this un paid interest totaling about 175.000.000. The report says, "President Carrnnza's message appears to offer no relief in this direction." Deferred In Payment. The report shows that the govern ment is obscure in its statement of railway earnings and in this connec tion th-it the government's appro priation of some $25,000,000 from the old French-owned banks, while re garded as a loan with preferred ob ligations. is deferred in payment. As the report is drawn for the purpose of guiding American mer chants in planning what part th*y . may desire to take in trade to or from Mexico, considerable spacc is devoted to a discussion of the rail I way systems. The report states that ! the majority of the Americans who j served as railway officials previous to 1914 have been removed from their positions and as a result of this and the frequent fightipg tracks and roadbeds of the railways are in a serious condition. The railroad has lost much of its rolling stock, although there are some privately owned tars. The re I port says: "In order to avoid the excessive delay and inadequacy of the official service private concerns undertake to guarantee prompt de liveries. by charging 75 per cent in addition to the regular tariff. The 75 per cent represents the private company's clvirge. while the tariff rate is paid to the government fo^ the privilege of the trains." Anaitn Better Time. The report then says: "The Mex ican Congress has authorized the placing of three loans amounting to about $150,000,000 for the purposo ! of reorganizing the finances of the [railroads, but the September mes sage States that it has been con sidered advisable to await a more favorable time than the present for the negotiating of the loan.'* A factor which of late has been held up as a menace to the future friendly relations of the United States and Mexico is the contempla Ition of the Mexican government to transferring mineral and all prop erties from private to national ownership. Much of this property represents huge Investments of American capital which has played a major part in development of much of Mexico's resources. In discussing the outlook for the immediate future the report states: "Mexico's plans for reconstruction thus appear to include a contlned determination: 1. To nationalize petroleum and other mineral properties; 2. To utilize for government pur ! poses the net earnings of the Na j tional Railways and other organiza tions. 3. To defer payment of the forced ! loan of 54.000.000 pesos from the collapsing banks of issue. "Against these factors must be noted a prospective increase of con j trol over the revolutionary elements, the splitting up of large holdings I into smaller tracts bringing about . cultivation by agriculturists and a ' better condition of private credit.'^ In conclusion, the report states . that Trade Commissioner Edward F. Feely is about to make a tour of Mexico and furnish detailed reports ; on the commercial situation in the i country. Poor Phone Service Big Problem in China Peking ? China is learning fast. Where a few years ago the telephone would be considered an invention of the devil now listen to this wail from a native business man to a Tientsin paper: "Can we hope for any improve ment in the long-distance telephone situation? A few days ago I called up Peking about 3 p. m. and was in formed that thye were only three lines in operation. I finally got the call about 10 p. m. Surely the Chinese administration can put up another trunk line and make this one-time fine service of use again to business men? The Peking long-distance service is almost as bad as sifhllar services in Japan.*' YAM TARS BOO | FEINERS' OFFER TO AID KAISER Amazed at Seditious Talk, They Warn Revolution ary Speakers. IRISH OF MANY KINDS American Sailors Jeer at j # Mention That Wilson Favors the Cause. London, Dec. 1.?William Hohenzol I?rn would be welcomed in Ireland ir the Sinn Feiners could transport him thither. Information to this effect is brought here by United States naval officers and men from a naval base on the South Ireland coast coming to Lon* don on leave. They say American sailors have been fraternizing for months with all kinds of Irishmen, In cidentally "getting wised up among the lads agin the government." American sailors attended Sinn Fein meetings chiefly out of curiosity. They say they were amazed at first over the seditious talk going on at these meetings, but Anally became aware that the British government was lully aware of what was being said. "Friftd of the Irish," At recent Sinn Fein meetings a de sire was expressed to offer a haven to the Kaiser and Kaiserln. Resolu tions were passed to the effect . tha? the ex-Emperor was one who be friended the late Sir Roger Casement and as a "friend of Ireland and enemy of the British" was entitled to enjoy "protection under the Irish Hag." It was further resolved that Robert Brennan, director of Sinn Fein ac tivities with headquarters In Dublin, take the necessary steps to acquaint the ex-Kaiser with the welcome a wait American naval men are positive that Sinn Fein headquarters in Maccourt street, Dublin, was raided by British government operatives soon after these resolutions were adopted, that Brennan was arrest ed and revolutionary documents seized . They say a large number of American sailors attended a Sinn Fein at Wexford the night before leaving for London. Kidded the Spenkers. The American "bluejackets" "kid ded" the Irish revolutionaries until a particularly hot-headed speaker coupled President Wilson's name with the Sinn Fein movement, claiming he was favorably dispos ed toward it. Al this Juncture the American sailors rose as one man, booed and jeered, and warped the men on the platform to "cut that line of talk.'* American sailors, even those with Irish patrimonies, declare the Sinn Fein bitterness is Incomprehensible to them, in view of what they have ; learned about the British people, the British navy and about the large sums of British money spent in Ireland. They also declared that some secret influence is woefully de ceiving the Sinn Feiners about the attitude of the American people. The consensus of the American bluejackets may be best summarized in the words of one of them: "There are two kinds of Irish: Those who are fond of horse racing and other sports, and Sinn Feiners, who are not fond of anything?ex cept trouble." WILHELM MAY : RESUME TITLE | Abdication, Forced by i Dutch, Invalid Because Not Countersigned. London, Dec. 1.?News reaching here from Amsterdam today indi cates that the Kaiser's abdication decree was published at the request , of the Dutch Government. The many rumors and reports representing the ex-Emperor as plotting to return to i the German throng placed the Neth j erlands Government in the embar 1 rassing position of apparently shel tering an active enemy of tl^c allied nations. Public feeling in Holland had been driven to a high pitch by these re ports, and it is believed that The Hague Government served a virtual ultimatum on the ex-Kaiser result ing in the publication of the decree, though ostensible it came in re sponse to a demand from the Berlin Government. It is pointed out here, however, that the document is not counter signed by a responsible German statesman. Under the imperial con stitution of Germany all decrees of the Kaiser must be countersigned by the chancellor to be valid. Should one of the counter revolu tionary generals succeed In putting I up a new government in Prussia and j make himself chancellor he could j then claim, it is argued, that the abdication decree was null and void, since it was not countersigned by ex-Chancellor Prince Max or the present chancellor, Ebert. The logi cal procedure, then, would be to tell the ex-Kaiser his abdication was not accepted and to beg hrm to return as Emperor. William Hohenzollern finally sign ed the abdication decree, it is said, after consultation with the Kaiserin, whose earnest pleading is believed to have been decisive. / 2 NOBEL PRIZE TO WILSON. London Paper Says Embassy Here Will Make Announcement. London, Dec. 1.?Reynold's "Secret History" says it learns President Wil son will be nominated, for the Nobel peace prize. 1918. The paper adds an nouncement to this effect will be made by the British embassy in Washing ton shortly. _ Germany's Confession of Guilt . When the adjustment of dam&ges for sinkings by submarines come* , before the peace conference. Germany will find a hit of her exaggerated j propaganda turned against *her inconveniently. This chart was circulated i throughout Germany as evidence of the effectiveness of the tT-boat war Ifare. Each little speck is supposed to represent a sinking. The chart Is | headed "England's Plight." The zigzag line from the Atlantic around (through the North Sea to the Channel is marked "Blockade Limits." Jn the lower left-hand corner is printed this Quotation, signed "Churchill": "It is entirely for lack of ships that I have had to reduce by hundreds of (thousands of tons the steel for shells, for the making of which the fac < tories. fuses, guns and gun crews are all waiting " In right-hand corner i (large type): "12 Months of Unrestricted U-boat "Warfare in the Northern .Theater of Sea War." At the foot of the map. "No ship destroyed by mine lor before February 1, 1917, is included in this map." "Oh, You America, " Cry 4,000 Yanks from Front Mauretania, Laden with America's Own, Reaches Quarantine?Will Get Rousing Welcome Going Up Bay Today. New York, Dec. 1.?"Oh, you ; America,"' rang out from the throats i of khaki-clad men on the decks of | the Mauritania as the giant trans port, bringing back nearly 4.000 sol jdi'-rs, the first large contingent from America's victorious army, arrived 'at Quarantine at 7:40 o'clock to j night and anchored for the night. | Dimly through the gloom the men. I could discern the shore upon which i sparkled myriad lights, each light ! a welcome. A large throng of mothers, wives, sweethearts and others, who had defied a shrewd cutting wind on the water front stood for hours in the hope that the ship would dock and that they might greet those they loved, dispersed reluctantly when informed that the Maurctania would remain over night at Quarantine. But as they departed for their j homes they promised one another to j be on hand when the ship steams up the bay. It was easily apparent j that the delay was overshadowed by !the joy of ?the safe arrival of the soldiers. , , Tomorrow when the Mauretania j weighs anchor for the short and last BAVARIANS NOW RULED BY RED-HEAD JAILBIRD Kurt Eisner, Now "Strong Man,' Brother of Chicago Steward. London, Dcc. 1.?A British diplomat of the old school gives Universal J Service a clever sidelight on the new Lest commanding figure amid the 'wreckage of the German empire?Kurt I Eisner, the Bavarian prime minister. I ??In Chicago," said my informant ' "Eisner had a brother who bore close [facial resemblance to Hindenburg. He was once chief wine steward at the < 'most aristocratic dub in Berlin where | he iced champagne for Von Moltke 'and served Kirschwasser for Bis marck prior to emigrating to the Unit led States. ? "Bill the new 'strong man' of Ba varia is quite a different type. He is J a red-headed, disheveled-looking So cialist of extreme views, of great per sonal courage, gifted with a keenly J critical mind. As a Journalist and ; public speaker, in years gone by, he won fame through his caustic com ' ments and contejnpt for the 'divine riffht of kings,' and keen witticisms about the famous *Me und Gott' staff. "For many years he was a familiar fisrure as an impassioned speaker in the Bohemian cafes of Munich where such a man is always sure o*? an ap preciative audience; BANDS TO RUB IT IN. Music to Glorify Entry of British Into Germany. I>ondon, Dec. 1.?Regimental bands are being recruited to full strength and are equipped to be sent to the armies of Gens. Plumer and RaWlin son to impress the Germans during the triumphant entry of the British armies into the cities and towns of the Rhine land. The purpose is to drive home to the | Germans a sense of their defeat. Huns Probe Atrocities. i Amsterdam. Dec. 1.?The German l government has begun an inqliiry 'into German atrocities in Belgium, (according to a Berlin dispatch to ' night. I lap of her fong Journey, she will be < accompanied by a large fleet of wel- . coming craft of all varieties and j sizes. The big committee of hun- < dreds of prominent citizens invited . by Mayor Hvlan to escort the re turning soldiers up the bay will be I on the steamer Highlander, char- 1 tered for the occasion. Yachts, tugs, J launches and other craft will swell the fleet, bearing thousands anx- i lous to accord honor to the soldiers. j Three other transports carrying j about 4.700 other troops will arrive j within the next few d-iys. They are | the Adriatic, with 2,175; the Asca- | nius, with 1,530, and the Canopic, with 1.000. Word has been received that the Cedric will leave Kngland tomorrow with 3,000 officers and men. and the Kmpress of Britain, bearing 2.880. The Leviathan will sail Tuesday bearing 1,500 who are wounded or ill. and the Saxonia, with 1,600 conva lescents aboard, will leave. The Mauretania, sister ship of the Lusitania, tomb of 1,200 martyrs to pirate warfare, left Liverpool Mon day. She is shortly to return to passenger service. GOULD DRIVES WIFE FROM PARISIAN ESTATE Millionaire Wins First Skirmish in Double Divorce Suit. Paris, Dec. 1.?Frank Gould has' won the first skirmish in the legal! battle against his wife arising from the. mutual suits for divorce and Mrs. Gould's claim to a considerable! part of the Gould estate here. The court lias declared void Mrs. j Gould's attachment of the household goods on the country estate outside Paris, owing to faulty technical pro-' cedure in the attachment hearings.1 Gould is again master in his house, j The double divorce suit will be! placed on the docket for pleading,' after which the trial before a judge, j involving mostly questions of law concerning the community of prop-j erty will begin. Mrs. Gould claims such commun ity, while Gould denies she is en titled to the share she claims of the $11,000,000 estate. London Girls Anxious To Marry Blind Heroes London?An average of two wed-1 dings a week takes place among blind J soldiers at St. Dunstan. More than i 200 have been married. Not only oo; girls keep their vows to wed. made j before the men were blinded In com- i bat, but in many cases girls who have I refused proposals of marriage before r the war, now insist on b^lng married I to the blinded heroes. Sometimes the i ?men marry girls they have never I seen. At St. Dunstan's the blinded I soldiers are trained to be self-sup-j porting and these men are able to | support their wives. A silver teapot; is the gift to every blind soldier mar- j ried from the institution and a wed ding breakfast is given. MAJ. W. D. STRAIGHT DEAD. I,ondon, Dec. 1.?Maj. Willard D Straight died here today. He had been ill with pneumonia lor some days. Plan to Jail Entire Present Government Foiled by Ebert. FINANCED BY KRUPPS Triumphal Return to Have - Followed "Provisional Government." Ixmdon. Dee. l.-yA gigantic Prussian plot to Jail the whole present German government and establish a provi sional government under Field Mar shal von Mackenaen has Just been nipped in the bud by the Ebert gov ernment. the Daily Exprens loams from its Amsterdam correspondent. "Wire tapping" by Ebert's secret service operatives led to the discovery of the plot. It was this discovery that gave rise to the report two days ago that a counter revolution led by in fluential generals, including Von Ar nim. had broken out It now appears ] that conspiracy was frustrated in the j eleventh hour. The plan was to urge the ex-Kaiser to make a triumphal return to Berlin immediately after the establishment of the "provisional government." The chief figures behind the plot were Von Mackensen. whose possible role as a "German Korniloft" was ex clusively foreshadowed by Universal! Service recently; Gen. von Boehn, known as the German "retreat spe cialist." and Gen. von Arnim, who commanded the Flanders army. Wan Well Financed. One version is that the coup was to be "sprung" immediately upon comple- . tion of the demobilization. The agita tion was well financed, Krupps and other munitions barons having in vested large sums, since they are , chiefly interested in seeing autocracy return to power. | The ex-Kaiser, the whole former | Prussian court, and practically all the i official of the old regime, the Navy League and the Pan-German 1-eague. and men like Prince von Buelow and I ex-Chanctllor Michaelis. are said to have been in sympathy with the plot. Field Marshal von Hindenburg re fused to join the agitators, the Am sterdam dispatch says. Many arrests were made in connec- , tion with the plot. TWO SHIPS RETURNING WITH AIR SQUADRINS Ascanius, Carrying 1,474. and Can * % * opic, 1,121, Leave Liverpool. Gen. March. Thief of Staff, an nounced last night that the steamer Ascaniqs left Liverpool for New York Friday morning m-ith 1.474 officers and men and the steamer Canopic left the same port the evening of the same day with 1,121 officers and men for Boston. The returning troops are largely composed of fifteen aero squadrons. The others are casuals of medical detachments and replacements of the army. The airplane squadrons are composed of men from various parts of the United States, very few of them, if any. being from any one locality. The War Department, in making the selection of ports to which the returning troops shall be sent, as certains as far as possible where the men are from and from what muster-out camp they could most rapidly get to their homes. READY TO HAIL 4,000 HEROES Mauretania Returns frbm Overseas with Fight ing Yankees. New York, Dec. 1.?The Maure tania, bearing nearly 4.000 return ing soldiers arrived at Quarantine at 7:40 o'clock tonight and dropped anchor. She will remain there un til morning when she will dock. The aero squadrons aboard the Mauretania comprise the following units: One Hundred and Fifty-sixth, with three officers ami 156 men; 167th, two officers. 169 men; 187th, three officers and 150 men: 188th, two officers, 139 men: 216th, three officers, 191 men; 225th. two officers, 127 men; 226th. four officers, 176 men: 228th, three officers, 136 men: 267th, three officers, 145 men: 268th, > two officers. 140 men; 305th. two officers. 17.1 m*?n; 308th, fl*e officers. 14 3 men: 309th. three officers. 125 men; 310th, two officers, 1*6 men: 316th, three officers. 138 men; 317th. two officers. 143 men: 319th. three officers, 131 men: 321st. three officers. 137 men: 325th, three officers, 119 men: 330th, three offi cers 132 men; 331st, two officers. 118 'men: 333d. three officers, 137 men; 339th, four officers, 128 men. Request* for Piwe?. In addition to the member* of the air forces aboard the Mauretania there are several officers who have been detailed abroad for various duties, three officers and 322 men of the Fifth Construction Corps, one of ficer and forty-flve men of a radio detachment, 116 ill and wounded men who have been in English hospitals following active service in France, and- 300 civilian passengers, making a total of 3.999. Noac of the aero aqjtadron had left English training camps for the front.. Hundreds of requests for passes to the pier where the Mauretania will dock were received from relatives. These were not granted, however, as It was decided for the safety of the public the men be sent immediately to Camp Mills and other camps about New York to wait there. Such quarantine regulations, how ever. have not prevented hundreds of relatives from coming to New York to shout a welcome to their boys and wait here i&tll they are mustered out of the national service after pass ing a final physical examination. Asqmth Is Opposed By Woman Candidate . la British Elections London, Dec. 1.-Ex-Premier As quith is opposed in the election cum - Paign by a woman ahour platform Includes a plea "a? a soldiers wMow of 'Britain for the British.- " On behalf of the widow* and fath erless children of Britain iihe demands the trial of the ex-Kaiaer "aa a mur derer of million*." yhe further de mands the deportation of ail enemy aliens "In order that our men nuy have work." She is the widow of Col. George Everard Hope, who was of an old Scottish family and a wealthy land owner. Mrs. Hope is strikingly hand some. Her husband was killed a year ago on the West front. Since then *he has been the directress of a large base hospital for wounded In France Mrs. Hope says that the months of contact with suffering soldiers in spired her to enter the political cam paign and to run against ex-Premier Asquith In East Fife, where she has her estates and home chileandFeru MAY AVOID WAR Force of Arms May Not Be Necessary, Is Be lief Here. Official Washington Inclines to the) belief that the differences of Chile j and Peru will be settled without force of arms. At the same time Interest is keen I In the situation, which is recognised | as the boiling over of a long restrained resentment. Events are being followed closely also by men who are about to leave the United States army. Many of these men have been trained in modem warfare and It is thought that a number! would seek service 1n one or the other of the South American armies. The opinion is general that the United States will not take any ac tion in the dispute unless Its offices (as fixed by international law This opinion, it is said, well ex presses the position which this coun- j try holds. It is said that the fact that i Peru entered the war upon the side of ' the allies and that Chile, through one influence or another, failed to take j other than a neutral position will | have no bearing upon the attitude of 1 | the United States. | The outbreak of hostilities, however. ' I would seriously affect plans for re . construction In America. The raw ma- i | terlals of both Peru and Chile are rs- j I senttal to the proper return of full i i industrial and agricultural production ' in thiw country j Farms of ttte United States have (yielded record crops and agricultural! i exr-erts state that In the coming three j years the nitrates of Chile must be [imported in crest quantities to make: Possible the output of fertilizer needed i I for the revitalising of such farm acre . age. : Durioc the war America has made j ! great strides in building up foreign' trade relations with Peru and Chile! and for this reason. If for no greater one, there is an earnest hope express- ! ?d that the boundary dispute can be i , amicably adjusted NORWEGIAN LEGATION RAIDED BY BOLSHEVIKI I Christianta. Dec I.-The Aftenpos- ! 'ten says the Bolshevikl have raided' the Norwegian legation at Petrograd | and stolen confidential papers belong-! Ing to the Norweglatvand Swiss gov- ' eraments. Great Lakes Yards Send 181 Steel Ships to Sea Great Lakes shipyards have sent j a fleet of 181 steel vessels aggregat- ' ing 611.935 deadweight tons to the! seaboard between August and No vember 1. it was announced by the ' Shipping Board yesterday. This exceeds the entire output of all American shipyards for any one of the pre-war years. In 1516 all of . th*se yards produced only thirty* eight vessels of 285.5S5 tons. England and Petrograd Linked by British Fleet I lx>ndnn. Dec. 1.?"The entry of th* j British fleet into the Baltic." say* t Admiral IvOrd Charles Bereaford. for-1 i merly flrst lord of the admiralty, j "is of great importance. It reopens 'direct communication between Eng : land and Petrograd. which is sure to have a great influence upon the po I litical situation in Russia. ! "It also will probably have a de termining influence upon (he situs I tlon in Finland and in the Baltic province annexed by Germanv under I the treaty of Breat-L'tovsk." J"M*n of Mystery" Dies; Millionaire, Once Poor New Tork. Dec. 1.?Capt. Joseph ] ! Raphael De Lamar, wealthy mine ; owner, who wis or.ee known to Wall ' street as "The Man of Mystery." died h#re today of pneumonia- He was ! 75 years old. Capt. De Lamar rose from a Dutch ' sailor boy to be multi-millionaire owner with Interests In many conn tries. The De Lamar mines in Colo, rado sold two years ago for 12.000. 000. The fun?ral will be on Tuesday. Yank? Give Footballs To German Prisoners London ?German prisoners -In the hands of the Americans irre even per mitted to play football. Amazed that their captors should give them such a privilege?in sharp contrast to the treatment the Huns give their prison ers?the Germans at one prison stock ade stared incredulously at the foot ball thrown them. It seemed too good to be true. Then, shouting with de light. like children let out of school, the prisoners picked sides and played a game of soccer. One side was made up of Bavarians, the other of Hanoverians The Bavarians wo* the game, five goals to one. RUSSBETRAYED BY HER ALLIES, KERENSKYSAYS Former "Strong Man" De mands Place for Nation at Peace Table. VOICES THREAT IN PLEA Ignored, Populace May Turn En Masse to En emy, He Declares. London. Dec. 1.?"The allies have betrayed Russia. They have stuck s knife in the back of Russian de mocracy." Alexander Feodorovltch Kerensky fairly shouted there word* in sn exclusive interview today. He was in a high state of excitement His eyes were burning with an almost uncanny lire, in the pallid setting of his emaciate face, showing the traces of terrific suffering. As h# ? poke he accentuated his words with emphatic forward jerks of his close cropped head. To the cor respondent he seemed much as he was pictured Hi his prime, when he tried to Are hip countrymen to fight to the last ditch. "Despite Russia's heroic sacrifices during three years of war. without which victory could not possibly have been won. despite the supreme effort during my repime in that vital summer, when we kept the Germans pinned on the East front, while America slowly gathered strength to throw her decisive weight Into the struggle on the West front a year later^-despite all this, and more, the entente is now planning to tear Bessarabia from us, to give it to Rumania. They do not give uff a fair chance at the peace conference." The Russisn ^-premier excitedly bsnged the table with his fist. He wss speaking in French. Ha* Tw? Million llrad. "Hasn't RuMia as much, if not more, of a share in the victory as America?" he asked. "The I'nited F tales bar '4.M0 dead in the war. Russia ha* r.<?OG.?aO. "America hap been In the wa*- ef fectively two months. R-.asia. fight ing ceaselevlv bore the brunt from 'he start save last year 8h* fought ' easelesslv while completely out off from allied supplies. .-he did not get one thousandth part of what France got." The correspondent asked M Keren ak> if he would be satisfied with a settlement fv Russia on the he*4s tff rVe?#ent Wilson's fourteen prtr tiiplea. With s s*x?p of his arrr he ar??*ered "Wilson's ?> points for mere thesis for discus sion -re ex<*ellent. but they ere ac - demi All depends upon the way they are carri.d out. "There must be a frank of&cial recognition by the allies of all tha* Russia h?* dot.a in tbe first threa ves rs of th" v?r. Th<- allies should announce thai there will be not one question settled, not a boundary Un fixed. pendinc th* creation of an | all-Russian governrm-nt . f?re?entii*g. through a federation, all elements of Russian public opinion May Tarn Vr*-Or?aB. I "All internal quostionr and 'nterna | tional relations m jst be settled by | Russia herself. S'he must be g:*. erra ! fair chance at the pes re table, or 80 I per cent of the Ruminti ponul. tion. now pro-entente, will be turned over to your enemies " I Though extremely pessimistic as to I Russia'* immediate future. Kerensky said he had no doubt whatever that Russia's democracy mould utl mately | triumph over anarchy, and Bolahe ' vism. | He indorsed President Wilson's point providing for an independent and reunited Poland. BURLESON PUTS WIRE CHIEF OUT A. B. Richards Fired;' Said to Oppose Government Ownership Plan. A. B. Richards, general superin tendent of the Postal Telegraph Com pany for the Pacific division, has been discharged by Postmaster General Burleson for insubordination. The postal department refused to comment on the sction. "No announcement ia ever made in connection with the dismissal of an i employe." say* J. C. Koons. First As- I ristant Postmaster (leneral. but it ia understood here that Richards has sent an open letter to other Postal superintendents opposing government ownership and operation of the tele I graph wires. | The measa*r?' of discharge was per sonally signed by Mr. Burleson, and was a brief notice of discharge and order to turn over his office to his neat In rank. An immediate acknowledg ment was received by the Postmaster General and statement that the order had been complied with. This is the first drastic step on the part of the Fostoffice Department to end the agitation within the wire com panies agi?inst government control. The Pscific division of the Postal company includes all its wires within the States of I'tah, Nevada. Oregon, Washington. California. Arisona and New Mexico. Peace Pact Ship Sail* Laden with Newt Writers New York, Dec. 1.?The vanguard of the American party which will be in Paris during the sessions of the peace conference sailed from New York to day on the new American steamship Orizaba. The member* of the party included more than 10U newspaper correspon dents and thorn who will act In a secretarial and clerical capacity to memb< rp of the peace mission Tha I Orisabb. being a slower bost than t*e I George Washington, t.eeds two day? extra steaming to arrive at B^esi at I the same time as the preeidecittd | party.