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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 05, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1918-12-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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Today?Fair; slightly warmer. To
morrow?Fair; slightly warmer.
Temperature yesterday?Highest,
II; lowest. 36.
YOU will be interested in
G. P. 0. New? on page
10 today.
NO. 4423.
I Spectators Wave Godspeed
to Ship Bearing Peace
Minnekahda, with 2,040
Soldiers, Hails Chief at
the Narrows.
\ew \ orW, Dee. 4?"All's well**
?a the Grerfe Waskinpton waa
the wftrelea? neuairf that was
flaahed to the ^avy CMOMWka
tlaa flerrlee of the Coaaittfe on
I'ahUe I a format ion ahortty be
midnight. The hi* llaer la
??king Rood head way and no
uaevtlon was made of the atora
that waa reported to he raging j
| ?f the Xarth Atlantic Caaat.
I New York. Dec. 4.?The steamship'
f George Washington, namesake of thai
flrst leader in the world's struggle for
democracy. j* tonight battling her
eastward in the face of a sweep
ing northwest storm, carrying across
the Atlantic America's world peace
delegates with a message of "peace
and equality for alt men.'*
A piece of bhie bunting with the J
national coat of arms and five stars,
the flag of the President of the United
States, is being whipped to the breexe i
and entwined about her foremast as
she feels her way across the foam
lashed seas with Wood row Wilson,
first President of the world's greatest
republic to cross to the mother lands.
Sixteen great armed ships, led by
? he Pennsylvania, are sweeping clean
the pathway of the great liner with
her precious cargo of delegates, par-'
I lmmentartans and advisers to the j
greatest conclave ever called to bring
peace into the world. ]
Prealdeat on tke Bridge.
President and Mrs. Wilson and
members of the peace party \tfaVefi'A
farewell to the cheering multitude
from the "flying bridge" as the great
craft cast away from pier No. 4,.Ho?
. boken.
i Riding majestically, with two United
States destroyers, guns stripped for
action and glistening brightly in the
near-noon sun. and airplanes flying
so low that the hum of the motors
intermingled with the vast chorus of
whistles and sirens, acting as escorts,
the Presidential ship started down the
harbor at this morning.
Along a water lane 'between rows
of flag-bedecked ships of war. com
merce and pleasure, under the shadow
of the Statue of IJberty. France's
srift and tribute to our land and free
dom, the proud ship felt her way. I
Harbor la Xolay.
% A mighty roar from the. crowds]
that lined the shores and from the]
harbor craft spelled "Godspeed and l
good luck" to President Wilson and |
was answered with a smile and wav- *
ing of the hand, but the lips of Amer
ica's first representative to the con
ference of the allies twitched nerv
ously as th<roi?h there was something
he would like to say in thanks for the
good wishes being extended to him.
A band on the deck of the George
Washington, ofter playing "Hail to j
the Chief." switched to "Over There" |
As the journey down the harbor
started, and then to "HaH. Hhi!.- thei
Gang's All Here."
The tune was taken up by the
1 crowds and rang in the ear8 of the j
\ President until the ship swung Into j
the Narrows, when every other sound J
was drowned out as cheer after cheer. '
throat-cracking and joyful, came from]
the decks of the United States trans-I
i*>rt Minnekhada. homeward bound i
with 2.C40 officers and men of the {
United States army, as she swept past j
In view of their commander-in-chief. !
*onae Who Went Along.
The passengers aboari the George
Washington included President and j
Mrs. Wilaon. Rear Admiral Cary T. \
Grayson. I*. S. N.. and the President ! |
personal staff: the French Ambassador
and Mrae. Jusserand. the Itallfcn Am
biasador and "ountess Offer*, the!
American Ambassador to Great Brit-t
ain and Mrs. Davis. Secretary of State'
Robert I.ansing and Mra. Lansing J
Henry White, delegate to the peace]
conference; Inland Harrlaon and I
Philip H. Patchin. assistant secreta-|
rtes of the peace commission; George!
CYeei. chairman of the Committee on I
Public Information, and a group ofj
newspaper men. army and navy ad-1
viaers. international law specialists, of-1
flcial photographers and. .secret. serv-|
Ice men. *
With a low-flying seaplane overhead
and the great Dreadnought Pennsyt
f \ an la. flagship of Rear Admiral Mayo
leading the way. the George Wash
ington. convoyed by a fleet of swift
destroyers, felt her way through- the
gate of the submarine net that guards
New Tork harbor. On the share 2JXW
Staten Island school cbi ldxep, each
Waving an American flag, cried a final
Black smoke poured from the fun
nel* of America's ships, and a mist
seemed to envelop them as they pass
edover the horizon. America's first
President to cross the Atlantic was at
"" ?n y J?urT>ey w'th a message
of "freedom for the world."
President Will Fight
for Peace Ideals.
Hoboken. N. J. (tn Route to France
with President Wilson). Dec. 4 ?Pres
ident Wilson sails for Europe today
to literally light that America', pe?oe
ideal* may prevail.
There Is no doubt as to his purpose
in demanding adherence to the letter
a", ">? spirit of his fourteen
basic pnnciptea.
He will demand vast reduction of
firmaments on sea as well as on land.
It is believed. And hi. inslgtence on
fhe consummation of America's three
"?*?!.buH<,ln* Program may re
flect his determination to have the
other nation* scale down, or the Unit
ed States will scale up.
?- The President, it is said, regards
ine danger of militarism as equally
g-eat on sea and land. It' may be
said that he does not favor a joint sea
policy of Groat Britain and the United
First Lady of
Land Happy as
Girl, She Says
New York. Dec. 4.?"I'm as happy
as a schoolgirl. I've been talking
with the captain, and he says we're
going to have a fine sea."
So said Mrs. Wood row Wilson as
she stood on the deck of the George
Washington about breakfast tifcie
this morning. Her eyes flashed,
her face wad flushed with excite
ment and pleasure and the very ex
uberance of her spirit communicat
ed itself to the others around her.
"Yes. it's going to be a great
trip, even if it 1s December." re
plied Mrs. Robert leasing, with
just a faint note of distrust in tha
mention of the month, which is
usually not associated with placid
That's all right." the Pre**:
d^nt'n wife returned. "I crossed
once before in IVcember and it
was fine. Besides, the captain
told me this trip Is going to be
Tonight the flrst lady of ths land
may be a somewhat disappointed
lady. Reports from off shore say
that the seas are rough and that
the George Washington is getting
a taste of what several return
ing transports have been getting
this week. Some of these trans
ports have been getting into New
York three to four days late.
Mrs. WUson took a real school
girl delight In exploring the |
Washington this morning. Every- i
thing about the huge ocean grey- i
hound pleased her. from, the Swiss |
curtains and chints-covered fur
niture in her cabin to the rose- ]
tilled salon. Mrs. WUson was i
dressed in a tailored suit of black \
broadcloth with a seal collar, and I
a .blac k silk beaver hat with black
aigrette trimmings. At her waist |
she wore two deep red roses.
Bonar Law Announces Gov
ernment's Stand for
I London. Dec. 4.?The first official
I announcement that England will de
j m&nd the surrender of the former
f Kaiser for trial wii made in a speech
! here yesterday by Andrew Bonar
j Daw. chancellor of the exchequer.
? Mr. Bonar La*r also stated that
England proposes an Interallied com
mittee to determine how much indem
nity Germany will be able to pay.
Touching upon the coming election, h?
declared that if the present govern
ment Is returned not only wtll all in
terned Germans be returned to Ger
many. but other?* will aot be allowed i
to enter England in the future.
He said in part: I
"The government has come to the
conclusion?and we mean to pr*?ss
that conclusion on our allies as far
as we can?that one of the greatest
lessons of this war will be lost un
less it is made plain that men whoi
are responsible for crimes like those |
of the Kaiser must answer for these j
"I shall do what we can to get our i
allies to agree with us?we have no |
reason to suppose that they will differ j
?that the surrender of the Kaiser
shall be demanded and that he shall |
stand his triaL It is not a question of i
vlndlctiveness. This war will have
been altogether bad unless as one of!
its results it is made plain not only
now but forever that every man who ,
deliberately chooses to plunge the
world Into war for the sake of the j
gain that he may make out of It. will |
-always be held responsible and guilty J
of the blood that has been shed.'*
Democratic Whip Says Senate Ig
nored to Avoid, Partiality.
President Wilson declined to name a
Senator as member of the American
peace delegation because he feared
Senators would not be impartial
judges in settling the great issues of
the peace conference. Senator Lewis,
Democratic whip, declared to the
Senate yesterday
Lewis' announcement came toward
the close of a long discussion of the
President's fourteen peace terms,
caused by a demand for an Interpre
tation of them by the President.
Former Stage Beauty
Sentenced to Workhouse
New York, Dec. 4.?Evelyn Gran-,
ville. once a famous Broadway
stage beauty, now old and bent and <
showing little evidence of her for-1
mer beauty, was committed to tne j
workhouse for thirty days by Mag- ]
istrate McOeehan In the Woman's
Court last night.
The woman had been arrested as j
a suspicious persoh and when ar
raigned had given a false name, j
When confronted with flnger prints j
revealing her identity, she pleaded
for leniency and said she had been j
a drug addict for twenty-live years.
She was se?it to the workhouse In
order that she might receive proper
! medical attention.
How Allies Divide Rhineland.
Donden, Dec. 4.?When the occu
pation of German territory on tho
west bank of the Rhine Is com-.
pleted. American troops will occupy !
Coblenz. the French will occupy J
Mavence. and the British Cologne, j
the Downing street conference has
decided. The Belgians will occupy
the balance of the northern strip of
German territory to the Holland
Expect Crown Prince to Sign.
Abdication of the German crown
prince was to be announced yesterday,
according to unofficial advices received
in Switzerland and relayed to the
French High Commission here.
It was believed that the crown
prince would abdicate as far as his
own rights are concerned, but not as
regards those of his sons, the dispatch
Steal Legation Ante.
The Greek legation reported to
the police last evening the loss of
Hudson Cabriolet two-passenger
automobile from V street, between
Fourteenth and Fifteenth streets
Peace Emissaries Expect
ed to Gather After Presi
dent Wilson's Reception.
Final Draft of Agreement
Will Take Several Months
to Complete.
Pari*. Dec. 4.?It is now bellev*d
the preliminary peace pourparlers will
t>egin about December 20. when Presi
dent Wilson will have been officially
received, acclaimed and feted, and
when he will be sufficiently settled
here to begin work.
There will then ensue a series of
preparatory conferences among the
allied and American representatives
at which the terms of peace will be
outlined and fixed. Only then, it is
understood, will the German delegates
be invited to sign whatever the en
tente and American statesmen de
Majr Take Month*.
Settlement of the multifarious de
tails is expected to require several
months after President Wilson's re
turn to the United States.
Numerous French newspapers ed
itorially repeat the wish that Pres
ident Wilson may visit the war
ruins in Northern France and Bel
gium. before deciding on the final
interpretation of his fourteen peace
"The noble chief of the American
nation could thus put his humanist
Ideals into contact with realities in
the still bleeding martyred regions. '
writes Gen. Cherflls in L'Echo de
Paris, while the Paris-Midi says:
Fate of Kaiser.
"We demand only our due, of
which we shall make a summary
when President Wilson comes to in
spect the ruins of Northern France."
Next to President Wilson's coming
visit, which arouses ever-Increasing
enthusiasm here, the French public
is most vitally interested in the fate
of the ex-Kaiser. The majority of
commentators would prefer to see
him Judged by hia own people, but if
the German nation falls to do so. the
demand for William's punishment by
the allies would become Irresistible.
Le Journal pri-*s a recent poem by
Edmond Rostand, who died two days
ago. in which the poet decries the idea
of sending the ex-Kaiser to St. Hel
ena as too glorious a place for him.
and suggesting instead/ banishment of
the #x-4Jmp*ror "to t^J. island wbero
the Turks send dogs."
"Nothing We Can Do Will Repay
Them," Says Secretary.
New York, Dec. 4.?Secretary Baker
greeted the men on the transport
Lapland, shortly after ahe docked. He
talked with the wounded men in the
sick bay. asking for particulers about1
the battles in which they were
J wounded. The Secretary was not
I recognized p.s he walked down the
| pier to the ship until some Cleveland
I soldiers saw him and started a cheer.
I "The country is proud of these
i men who shed their blood for the
flag," Baker said. "Nothing we can
ever do will begin to repay them
for the glorious sacrifices they have
made. It is times like these that one
feels proud to know he Ls an Amer
Speaking of the President's trip.
Baker said:
"Great concern is felt In Great
Britain about President Wilson's
trip. The English are puzzled to
know Just what the President meant
by hia words anent the league of
nations and tho freedom of the seas.
However, he will get one of the
greatest receptions over there ever
given, for the English regard him
a* the world's savior."
Soldier Guard Makes
Tumulty Drop Cigar
New York, Dec. 4.?"Cut that oJt,"
barked a soldier on Pier 4 in Ho
boken this morning as Joseph P.
Tumulty, secretary to the President,
stepped down the gang plank of the
George Washington puffing a cigar.
"Oh, very well," said Tumulty, but
the soldier was not satisfied. "Throw
it in the river," he insisted. Tumulty
did that too. with a sigh.
"I knew I'd get into trouble," he
sara to a friend standing nearby.
"I told the President I would. I
never fail. But. Just the same, I
don't like that soldier. I'm against
Transport Lapland with 2,000 Men
Aboard Docks.
New York. Dec. 1?The transport
Lapland, with 2,030 American soldiers
from England, arrived in New York
harbor early today. She anchored at
Quarantine, and later moved up to
her dock at Hoboken. This is the
second home-coming transport to ar
rive here since hostilities ceased. Most
of the troops on the Lapland are at
tached to the aviation branch and have
been training in England.
Malinoff Resigns.
j Premier Malinoff has resigned and
! is succeeded by M. Mouchanoff, offi
I cial cables to the Bulgarian legation
| yesterday stated. Both are of tho
I Democratic party and are inclined to
| ward the entente, it is said.
Peasants in Revolt
I London. Dec. 4.?Rumanian peas
| ants have revolted against the Ru
mantan government and Bucharest
lis burning, according to a dispatch
from Bucharest today. Rumanian
| officials in London deny both state
! ments.
Pole* Issue Ultima torn.
Paris, Dec. 4.?The Polish govern
ment. several days ago. addressed an
: ultimatum to the German government
| demanding the immediate evacuation
i of Polish territory occupied by Ger
Uiian troops.
Konta Acclaims Loyalty
Although Letters Show He
Aided Hun Propaganda
Senate Probe of Brewers' Activities Enlivened
By Cross-Examination of Witnesses Who
Profess Fealty to Country and Offer Ex
planations for Documents Indicating They |
Were in Close Touch with Agents Ex
pounding Doctrines of Germany.
Conflicting: statements regarding hia
connection with German propaganda
in this country were made by Alexan
der Konta at the hearing of the Sen
ate Judiciary subcommittee yesterday
Mr. Konta. the writer of the famoue
Dernburg letter, included in the docu
ments covering the purchase of the
Washington Times, published by the
Alien Property Custodian, requested a
heailug early in tho proceedings, but
was unable to attend at the two op
portunities given him by the subcom
mittee. The subcommittee granted
him permission to read a-?tatement in
defense of hfe loyalty as an American
citizen before proceeding with the
In the beginning of th* statement
Mr. Konta declared: "I was never a
German or Austrian sympathizer, and
I never participated In any German or
Austrian propaganda."
Grateful to G'fmuy*
Under cross-examination by mem
bers of the subcommittee and MaJ.
Humes, counsel for the subcommittee,
he admitted that in the early part of
the war his sympathy had been with
Germany, explaining that as a Hun
garian he had felt the most intense
gratitude to the German soldiers for
their repulse of the threatened Rus
sian invasion of Hungary.
l^ater Mr. Konta admitted that the
Dernburg letter, outlining a plan by
which Dernburg could secure control
of an American newspaper, had been
written in full knowledge that the pa
per would be used in propaganda
Again In hia statement, read before
the subcommittee, he stated: "I chal
lenge anyone to find in my published
writings or speeches anything disloyal
to the United States or anything which
can honestly be construed as German j
or Auatrian propaganda.'' and in hia
cross-examination admitted his con
nection with the propaganda work un
dertaken by Dernburg.
In his statement, Konta declared
that hia suggestion for the publica
tion of an article ofTering a reward
of >1.000 to anyone who rould prove
that any statement made by the Ger
man general staff was a lie, had been
made in an effort to prove the general
mendacity of such stale .
Tlis letter to f'apt. Hao* TaysbJK
afterwards secured o? funrtfcf.!.#r
material to blow up the Welland
bridge, upon the prize to be offered,
ends as follows: "It is the Invariable
trustworthiness of the military and
naval reports of the German govern
ment that leads me to make this offer.
It is time that a challenge was made
to the unceasing stream of misrepre
sentations and deliberate falsehoods
that the allies dispense."
Affirm* Loyalty.
Referring to the purchase of the
""New York Evening Mail" by the
Kaiser, in his statement Konta de
clares that he "had never been in
side the Mail office, or had any con
nection, direct or indirect with that
In the letter to Dernburg, pro
Virginia Representative Leads in
Gossip Over McAdoo Successor.
It ia believed here that the Senate
today will receive a recommendation
for the appointment of a successor to
Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo.
It was stated that the nomination, by
the President to the Cabinet posltldta
made vacant by Mr. McAdooTTTSSfg-j
nation would be made public yester
day, but no information on the point
was received by the Senate, which
must ratify the President's nomlna-'
The belief persists that Representa- (
tive Oarter Glass will be named, al-'
though he denied yesterday tho post i
had been tendered him. Hi some quar-j
ters it was said that final recommen
dation on the question was not made
by the President until yesterday, and
j that the decision will be brought to
1 Washington today by Secretary Turn- \
| ulty, who left the George Washington
! when she reached the lower bay In I
New York Harbor.
?:?"?T. . . .1
Pershing's Men Reach
Coblenz in Germany
I Witli the Americans in Prussia,
? Dec. 4.?The American army, march-i
? ing up the Moselle Valley today, -ar
rived within less than forty miles of!
I Coblenz, reaching the town of Witt-!
lich and Berncastel.
The towns of Bahlem, Elsenschmidtt
and Steinberg also were occupied.
Berncastel is twenty-flve miles
northeast of Trevez and thirty-eight,
miles southwest of Coblenz. Wittiich I
is ten miles northwest of Berneastel J
and forty miles southwest of Coblenz. J
London. Dec. 4.?"The political s tu- |
ation In Germany continues to be ex
traordinarily obscure," says the Am
sterdam correspondent of the Daily
Express. "Everybody seems to be
quarreling with everybody else, and
every member of the Socialist' party,
is trying to outdo his comrades In1
fervor of his republicanism."
George G. Ward, vice president of
j the Commercial Cable Company, was i
[yesterday appointed operating head
! of the cables, including those of the j
Western Union, by Postmaster Gen
1 eral Burleson.
In a letter to Clarence H. Mackay, j
| president of the Commercial Cable
' Company. Mr. Burleson said unlflca
j tion in operation of the cables w-as
necessary to their full operation and
| that that could be accomplished only,
[under one management. '
om? * .1* h?rlng Konta rec
ommends the Evening Mall as a pos
"Th! ?nHan f?r ?<'rman Propaganda.
MM? hC u qU?f'd for the Evening
* mo.ooo." eduor-" hc wroto
th^hrl* d''ni1fd ,ny connection with
the brewing intere.t. of the country.
Dernw tK,"Vhat hl" '"te* ??
,had ^clared these In
terests had "repeatedly consulted"
him In regard to aecurlng a paper
favorable to their interests and that
they would be more than ready to
support a plv,. by which the paper
purchased by Dernbtirg should re
f* " financial assistance from them
irthihm" hl" ,uPP?rt against
prohibition- "The profit." .Konta
nrolia' rtOU'.d b? U"ed for ?rther
1*M"a Insisted that neither hla tes
timony nor his activities were in any
Mmcntnn^'r * >'? ?"man Z
hi" "ar'- but at the Insist.
^aff,rLT!!lU'r8 of ,he -ubcommlttee
reaffirmed hla assertion that his sym
Si V" earlier P?rt of the war
DernhN^? T ?!* G*rmanJr- ?nd that the
CTaT^niH, V/r.h,ad bt'n written In
rt?t M 1"ld ,he subcommittee
iuffere^". * K tUd" *oward ""many
,he ?"?">* of
sut>con,mittee polnt
S M?v 7 ?,r '-"Sltanla went down
to tor h '* "nd th"1 th" Pernburg
totor ^ad been written eight months
later In December. IMS. Again, three
S Ko'T the eink'n* of th' 1-usl
tanla. Konta attended a dinner In
honor of the ei*hty-fifth blrthdav of
York* lr*f u/ *UMria' ***?> In Xew
vm[h'i wbich Capt Boy-Ed and
^ m 1?". Pap*n w"e Present,
Konta declared the real source of
the imputations against him was hi,
phraseology. CO"ve?Uo??1 ?Unental
"In other words," he'said." I ordi
narily employ in my letters the some
?h!"h PO,,,e expression.,
which continentals expect, rather than
the crisp business expressions to
Jfifi. =1 are accustomed in fthe
Lnited States.
Referrtrip to his connection Mith the
Wasfcirgton Times deal. Konta de
wi^^W^"?1 ha" n?thi"S ? d?
i ' . rr to ^mb'irg was wtltten
In IMS. two years before the United
States entered the war, and the pur
chase of the Washington Times oc
J.u"e- 19,T- several months
after the lnited states entered the
war There was no connection between
tnf two.
life' haV? neVer met Mr Hear?t in my
"I have not-seen or spoken to or
communicated with Arthur Brisbane
for over eight years.
have rTad the press the names
of those who are said to have con
trtbuted to the fund with which the
Washington Times vru purchased
"George Ehret. 150.000. I have never
met him.
Senator Smith, Georgia. Proposes
Curb on Director General.
Senator Smith, of Georgia, yester
day Introduced a bill restoring the
authority of the Interstate Commerce
ommiasion to overrule regulations
and rates made by the Director Gen
fT1 Rallr"ads The bill amends
the J. ederal control act of last March
the railroads, for the war
P?^1od. in the hands of the govern
It provides that while the President
may. in his judgment initiate rates
Oomm!^lati"r>8 that "the Interstate
Commerce Commission may, of its
own initiative, and shall upon com
UP?n a hcarin* concern
:An e Justne?s and reasonableness
of any order of the President and may
"!, ,he fac" and circum
stances, and said rates may be sus
Ton Vt modifiC by the commis
sion pending Anal determination *?
mav wlv"" bearing the commission
may make such findings and orders
as are authorized by the act."
Frances Vaughn, Missing
Girl, Believed Located
?^rj M Bfownell.
I street northwest, over the dl.-s
appearance of her 15-year-old daugh
ter h ranees Olive Vaughn, three
weeks, ago. was relieved last nle-ht
when telegrams received by detectives
of the police department convinced
her that she Is with relatives in Con
nectlcut. They had refused to ac
knowledge that Frances was with
them when first questioned a few dav?
after her disappearance.
Kaiser Karl in Politic*.
Amsterdam. Dec. 4. (By Wir?i?.. >
London.)?Former Emperor Karl plans
to enter the March elections in Austria
at the head of the Democratic mon
archy party According to a disnat^h
today from Vienna. <"?Patch
Will Arrest Hindenbnrg.
Copenhagen, Dec. 4.-The Leipzig
workmen's and soldiers' council h^
decided to arrest Field Marshal v?
Hindenbur* and to dissolve the gr^
general headquarters, a dlspatclf ?
ceived here today declared.
Cyclops Not BeIieT?d at Kiel.
I^ondon. Dec. 4.?Reports circul'.f
'?d m the United States t^t th."
American collier Cyclops, which dl,
appeared after sailing from Rio da
Janeiro, had been found in the Kiel
-ere discredited by the BrU
ish admiralty today.
New AliiaBcc Planned
4?Ital> Join an
.JIh ,k ?tWMn Fran? ?d Eng
land. the Popolo Romano declared
Vooa y.
[Secretary in Report Hints
Advocacy of Universal
Military Service.
General Recounts Army's
Achievements and Lauds
His Soldier's Valor.
While omitting: definite recom- i
mendatlons as to America's futufo
military establishment. Secretary of 1
War Baker's annual report contains
a hint of the possibility of the ad op- i
tion of universal training at least
until world peace shall have been i
I made absolutely certain.
| Secretary Baker makes the direct j
I statement that the military needs ;
of th^ United States cannot be pru- J
dently assessed until the approach-j
I ing Peace Conference "shall have .
determined the future international !
! relations of the world."
I Moreover, tho report which was j
made public yesterday, makes clear j
that the War Department's recent ;
recommendation to Congress for ap- j
propriations bufficient to maintain
a regular standing army of 500.000
men is merely a temporary plan.
It is plainly Intimated that such |
an army is to form only the basis of ;
any future military establishment i
in the United States "pending the
time when the experience through
which we have gone can be digest
ed and the future needs of the na
tion maturely considered."
Special Schools Needed.
The document, which is addressed
to the President, contain? the follow
ing significant general recommenda
"In any case It is clear that the
j education of officers and a constant
study of the science of warfare will
be necessary, and it Is mv hope that
the great military academy at West
Point can be supplemented by an en
largement and broadening of the
special schools which are at present
organized but should be made to take
on more the character of post grad- j
uate courses and to develop and train
research specialists In the several
Development of the following
branches of the service arc especially
Chemical warfare.
T ra asportation.
In addition to Secretary Qaker"?
recital of the stupendous taslc per
formed by America in the mobiliaa
tion. training, equipment said use
of the army, the report contains a |
brief summary of the achievements
of the American Expeditionary
Force, written by Gen. Pershing at
the special request of the Secretary.
Write* of St. MlhleL
Special mention is made by him
of the battle of St. Mihiel and the
various phases of the Meuse-Ar- '
gonne offensive and the operations !
east of the Meuse up to November !
11, at 11 o'clock a. m.. when opera- \
tions ceased according to instruc- i
tions. Gen. Pershing concludes with |
this stirring tribute to the nation's
fighting men and officers:
"Finally I pay the supreme trib- |
ute to our officers and soldiers of j
the line. When I think of their
heroism, their patience under hard
ships, their unflinching spirit of of
fensive action. I am filled with emo
tion which 1 am unable to express.
Their deeds are immortal, and they
have earned the eternal gratitude
of our country."
McAdoo and Daniels Tell Commit
tee of Need for Vast Levies.
| The final touches were given to the j
[ J6.000.000.000 revenue bill by the Senate ?
I Finance Committee yesterday, and the j
] copy was sent to the printer with the |
| expectation that it will be ready for ;
Introduction in the Senate on Friday, ?
Secretaries McAdoo and Daniels ap- !
peared before the committee yesterday j
| at the request of the Republican mem- =
j bers. who said they were not entirely j
I convinced of the necessity of raising j
such a large amount now that the war j
is over. Secretary McAdoo told the
i committee that he had confirmed his
previous estimate that the needs of !
the government will be J6.00n.000.000 for !
I the current fiscal year and $4,000,000,000
j for the year ending June 30, 1920.
The postal rates on second-class j
matter were again amended so that !
within a zone of 200 miles from the
place where mailed the rate will be i
one cent a pound, while on all matter |
j carried beyond this 200-mile rone the i
rate will be one and one-half cents a 1
I pound.
Wanted Governor Comer, i
Found He Was a Goner
Montgomery. Ala.. Dec. 4.?There
is a man in Attalla who has just !
learned that B. B. Comer, of Birm
ingham. has not been governor of J
Alabama since eight years ago. The
citixen telephoned the State capitol
from his home late yesterday, and
desired to speak to Gov. Comer. He
j was astonished to learn that there ?
| had been two Alabanja governors
! since Comer's time.
Berger Trial December 9.
| Chicago, Dec. <4.?The trial of Vic- ,
| tor L. Berger. Socialist Congress
I man-elect, and four other Socialists '
| on charges of violations of the es- j
, pionage act, set for today, was post
j poned to December 9, by agreement, j
Italy Supports Rumania.
Rome, Dec. 4.?Foreign Minister
Sonnino today sent a note to the
| National Council for all Rumanian
I Unity, promising Italy's support at!
I the peace table of Rumania's na- J
j tional aspirations.
j ~ Dutch Expect Allied Actios.
The Hague. Dec. 4.?Dutch officials j
expect the entente ministers here'
| soon to make a joint demand for an '
explanation of the sojourn of the'
former Kaiser and the crown prince
[of Germany in Holland. j
Peace Halted
U, S, "Plans to
Bomb Berlin
New York. Dec. 4.?Plans for e
great air raid on Berlin by a big
squadron of American airplanes j
on the night of Norember if were
halted by the signing of the ar- I
mlstice. according to a story told' |
today by aviators who arrived
from England on the steamships
La pi and and Minnekahda.
Preparations for the raid had
been under way for months, they
said, the airplanes chosen for the
project being capable of carrying
from 1,400 pounds to a ton of ex- N
plosives each, in addition to five
men and five machine guns.
Tests had been made which I
showed that the big machines |
could eaclly nuLke the 1,000-mile j
trip from the English coast to <
It was expecied to have been the
most spectacular raid of the whole
Thinks That Is Punishment Enough
for Kaiser.
I?ndon, Dec. 4.?"We are down and I
out. My father U a broken man. j
Isn't thsit enough punishmentV
The crown prince of Germany la thus
quoted In an interview telegraphed to
the Daily Mirror by its Amsterdam
"The armistice lerms are crushing
and unfair." the former heir to the
German throi.e continued. Speaking of
his own part in the war. he said:
"I am supposed to revel in blood- i
shed, which I do not. I had no hand j
In starting the war."
Representative Frear De
mands Probe of Prepar
edness Organization.
Scathingly denouncing the Na
tional Security League for its at
tacks on the loyalty of members of
the House and Senate, and charg
ing. among other things, that the
league is supported by war profiteers
for the advsncement of their Inter
ests. Representative James A. Frear,
of Wisconsin, rising in the House
yesterday to a point of personal
privilege, demanded an investigation
by a special committee of the politi
cal activities of the organisation.
Mr. Freer submitted a resolution
providing for a committee of nine
to make the investigation. It was
referred to the Committee on Rules
and assurances given that it would
be reported out without delay.
The attitude of both Democrat*
and Republican* plainly indicated
that the great majority of the mem
bership of the House is in hearty
I accord with the sentiments express
ed by Mr. Freer, .and it was consid
ered certain last night that the In
; quiry would be ordered at an early
| date.
? Representative James R. Mann, of
I Illinois. Republican floor leader, de
' manded that the Department of Jus
I tice should investigate both the organ
j isation and its officers, with a view to
criminal prosecutions If there Is au
thority under the law for such pro
Representative Caldwell, of New
York, stated that-there is provided in
the so-called publicity act a penalty of
Si.000 fine and a year in jail for failure
to make return of expenses and re
Elihu Root. Alton Parker end
Charles Lydecter are listed as officers
of the Security league, which Frear
charges is guilty of "lawless libelous
1 attacks" on public officials. Some of
his other charges are that R. McNutt
Elroy libeled the students of the Uni
versity of Wisconsin, that the league
pledged four Senators and 174 Repre
sentatives to vote for universal mili
tery training, -etotwithstanding any
treaty obligations that may be made,
and that on "information received"
lnveatigation of the league's funds
will show contributions by profiteers.
Craft to Be Used Mostly for Radio
H-16 model, the lang**t hydro
plane to be assigned to the local
station, arrived at the United States
Nevel Air Stetlon. Anacostia. yes
terday from Hempton Roeds. This
will be used for experimental pur
poses. especially along radio test
Ing lines as the biff craft has one
of the finest wireless equipments on
any plane in the navy. In addition
\ to Its wireless It has anti-eircreft
and bombing devices. It also can
l be used as a passenger-carry ing
plsne for provision has been made
for eight persons in addition to
the pilot end observer.
Preparations for winter flights
heve been med* by the eviators. A
specially designed cold-proof win
ter suit has been ordered for the
flyers. These are of leather end ere
fleece-lined so that the flyers can
face the coldest winds without suf
fering. A wool-lined cep. with ear
flaps, completes the outfit. Flying
will continue. It is said, until the
, Potomac is frosen.
Germany Is Warned
Against Any Delays
I London. Dec 4.?Marshal Foch has
notified the Gtrman government that
it is behind hand in carrying out the
terms of the armistice which went
into effect on November 11. and that
It will be responsible for any fur
ther delay. He did not ?et any time
limit within which Germany must
comply with the terms, however, as
reported in dispatches from Berlin.
Autralia Has Mack Meat
Melbourne. Dec 4.?The federal gov
ernment has decided to suspend the
order fixing meat prices, as they are
now so far below the scheduled maxi
mum It also has decided to put car
cesses Into cold storage for distribu
tion when prices again show a ten
dency to rise.
Master Shipbuilder Denoun
i ccs Get-and-Grab Busi
ness Methods.
Ovation Given Speaker at
Business Men s Conven
tion, Atlantic City.
Atlantic City. Dec. 4. - The tru*
'hackles of capitalism must
to***d "li:? and labor must ha
*'T"1 a ,alr "h?" of tbe prosperity
of the country. for tb. -get-and-grm*
*??<-y of ao-called b,r buaioe., baa
N*n rt"v?d forever In tba world,
upheaval of autocracy. .a. the
, warning that cTiarle. M Schwab de
livered here today to the business men
| of America.
Speaking before more (ban r ore (Hit.
"*** J*?- representing *1 of the coun
' id d ng Industries and an Inveat
r? of more than
he drove home hi. ndustna.' reade
????? w.th-.n admixture
or humor and Knoumew that ?jter
awllUnr ^ UUSHn? u"
Weoannot change the America.
h" '^* high to the ,.rr*rk*a
jj* *hat rMU low We must carry
<loatid*^v" hlrt ,n commeree a. It
noated over our armies.- mm
tary of Commerce Redfleld who fol
S<^w*b on the speaker's
"fnd "."d enunciated a warning alone
1>ur|n? hi. address Mr Schwab
2E* JJ"1 ???ln? government owner
r*^, ?f ?"r mammoth new merchant
By Inference, howrvw, he
ravored gwprnmwt control to rh^ m.1
Of'of "* V.mmZZ
bC h" "*v" w" will hava
AmlSL'^ ,0 ??
In a certain sens* we ?rv at th*
commercial ^rtlnK ?f the ?.?*?
the opening statement of Mr Schwab
a? he launched into tbe declaration
. a J** ??<te of business ethics that
| fought cheer, internMnSS" ??
*a?p? of amazement from the dele
:arvSr?r =
1 *??? be Pattest.'
wor^?**,*V -ance f
countrv' arorvt^ ' " SS
i 0 pw^nf *? that sudden slip of th*
*hlch will give u, I ZL?
trie, f"' ^ dsnBrTOU'' to our Indoe
~Ment V*" '? **-* W> ??^e
Mjr noVo"r,fV;^ Te
? ???l ?? 11 i.ccMttn' w?
mu?t b*nd every ??ffort t*Tw2-n 21
=yes busy e? pteyed JT
neonle n^'" rrl rlow "o our work
rr^c^r ^
I must get them o listen with mImcm
au'^recv ' l?f 'h' ",Crr Th' of
, au ocracy In government and labor
cZ-TZ" "k J* " ??* of 'lemoT
cracy in ahich we stand .boulder to
j shoulder for the p-oteetlon of one
mutual interests sad T?T, ^
the protection and rlonfication of thia
ereat country of ours
"In the year* gone bv I have ...
- ou*'- doubted many times if Ubor has
received lu fair share of th. J^
m ?' tht* country. We aa
,^r^U, 7 h"v* l'?' open our
i In 1 ??W v,sion ?f the present
|anJ, future with reference t<ToCr
W e have got to devise ways
! rh.,1??1 by *hlrh capital and labor
In o ' .T" eq"?">- "?t In theor> but
I ?ho?,7^fc' r ' muM no' or>ly talk
Ih*y' ^ realise that many
!w demands will be made by la
hor as they have been made by cap*,
^ists and employers In the past.
That Is one of tbe lessons in true
democracy that the great war has
doT th'n? have got "
? '" teach, not patronise."
ia thJr'J *,aRt to ,mPreas upon yoa
i affair* " new condition of
problem mu't ??rk oat the
I problems connected w ith It that we
j must expect troublesome times >rj
difflcultles In the working out of these
I I!8 aBOt abov,> *" ?e must
i Tha" *the iW"ih ,he oonfldent belief
i that the business, industrial an?
manufacturing interests of the foiled
fn in!t* nnward and upward
I ari? In Ih./"' con<llI,on 'hat might
arise In this preat countir."
RNIrkt Makri A?fdr?^ca.
' told ,he mami.
tlon ^rt k. .i, of ^ tempt*.
' " hastily -lay rash hand, on
Wages concentrate thought, purpoas
and effort on output was his nlew
^ed that It wo,Id no, lo for ?
to become fat and rich and earn the
contempt of the wo, id. saving ?
should not wan, to become the hated
, creditor nation of the world
He declared it will b, fVcessary
to use a large par, of our shipping
and materials to reconstruct France
Belgium. Russia, and that th. needs
of those nations, which bore the
? brunt of the w.ir for such a long
period must come first H- frankly
declared that in a sense we are at
the commercial parting of the ways.
The congress was formally opened
today with an address by H-irry A..
Wheeler, president of the Chamber
or Commerce of the United 8tatea.
He told of his offer to President Wil
son of a committee of Amerioa,
manufacturer* to assist at th#1 Paaca
Conference. The president refused
the proffer and the speaker said that
U had been ascertained that the
""'dent may draw upon statistics
which have been compiled regarding
American industries. He added
"Counsel can hardly be taken ex
cept where minds meet and persOB
alitiea coma la contact with each
other The counsel of the statistics
cannot adequately represent A marl
can business."
This brought forth much appiauaa.
Mfiau M Grrwas S?fl.
Brussels Dec * -Belgian troo* in
their occupation oI German soil hava
reached tbe line Jakepath lnoeratfc.
Oarswel Merganratr and Juliar*. It
was announced offlclaUy today.

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