Attorney O'Shea Will Ar
gue That Warrants Were
Faulty at Law.
..Upon the decision of Judge Hardl
*on today In Police Court on a de
murrer Id a warrant served on a
Client of Attorney J. A. O'Shea hanga
fate of nearly 300 persons arrested
A* bootlegger? in the recent "military
tone" booze raids by the police.
? If O'Shea can show that the war
rants on which the alleged bootleggers ,
were arrested are faulty and illegal. |
Tawyers for the men and women taken j
la the raids probably will file similar j
* Ttoe police believe that under the
proclamation of the President of
May 1&, 1917, they have found a way
to completely wipe out bootlegging in 1
Assistant District Attorney Ralph ,
Given admitted to the court that it.
Vas not a violation of the proclama
tion. 4or a person to bring any quan
tity of liquor into the District for
D^jr^onal or family consumption. Mr.
O'Shea contended that it was not
necessary for his client to prove to
the court that the whisky he had
when arrested was for his personal
or family consumption.
"It's' up to the police to prove it
wm not," declared the lawyer.
FOR SHIP PROGRAM
CONTINUED FROM PAO? OX*.
struction authorised our constructor*
will produce the most powerful and
effectire of fighting craft." .
The total estimates for ship con
struction. involved in the new pro
gram, including armor and armament,
aggregate 1972.090.000. The amount rec
ommended for appropriation next year
fer the completion of vessels already
authorized is |D72.09u,000.
Aak* Record Budget.
The entire naval budget for the
fiscal year 1920 totals $2,644,307.
946.06, by far the largest sum Con
gress has ever been requested to i
provide for the navy in a single
, measure. These figures were pre
pared before the signing of the
armistice and the Secretary state*
that after a study of the needs of,
the service by the department heads i
will undergo a material reduction.
Naval aviation is to be continued
and developed upon a larger scale
than ever before. The budget con- .
tains an item of $235,000,000 for
this purpose. It also includes an
emergency fund of $175,000,000 for
the continued building of torpedo i
boats, destroyers, submarines and .
stih chasers. I^arge increases are |
also recommended for the pay of i
officers and men for subsistence.
In 191S up to October 1. 155 ships
were launched, including 1 gunboat, 1
destroyers. 20 submarines. 2*? mine
sw??#?pcrs. 4 fabricated patrol res-1
sels and 2 sea-going tugs. During
the year the department contracted
for 4 battleships. 1 battle cruiser, j
S fuel ships. 1 transport. 1 gun
boat. 1 ammunition ship. 223 de- J
strovers. 58 submarine*. 112 fabri
cated patrol vessels. 92 submarine j
chasers. 51 mine sweepers. 25 sea- |
^ goine tticrs and 46 harbor tugs, be
side lie-hters. barges and other har
Many \ew Invention*.
The report tells of notable achieve
ments In ordnance, and for the first
time the public is permitted to know
of several new naval inventions of va
lous kinds which helped win the war.
A star shell was developed which,
when fired in the vicinity of an enemy
fleet. will light it up. making each ship
risible and rendering them easy tar
! gets, without disclosing the position of
A new hiarh explosive, named T. N.
X . was developed to take the place
of T. N. T.f of which there was a serl- J
ous shortage. There was perfected a
nonreeeil aircraft gun which Is pro
nounced by experts of the world to
be "a great milestone in aircraft ar
The .report also refers to the Inven
tion oi a heavy aeroplane bomb for
antisingnarine warfare, which has not
j only aB the qualities of an aero bomb,
but thfse also of a depth charge.
I Shoul<^?the bomb miss the submarine
I It will! detonate on reaching a pre
determined depth and will thus have 1
the effect of a depth charge.
The marvelous qualities of the 14
inch naval ff-uns. the largest and most
high-T?pwered mobile artillery in the J
world, .which hurled shells far behind
the Gdrmdn lines, is described. They
fire a projectile seven times heavier
than the German long-distance freak
which shelled Pari*, and carry with j
sure aJm a distance of 30 miles.
Plan 16-Inch Gen.
Another astonishing surprise fur- |
nlshed by the American navy was the
"Y" grjn. a device for firing heavy
depth charges, which enables the firing
vessel to discharge the bomb astern or
on either side of the attacking sub
In the future. Secretary Daniels
states, American Dreadnoughts and
battle cruisers will be armed with a
16-lnch gun. making these ships the
heaviest armed war vessels in the
world This srun throws a projectile
weighing 2.1*0 pounds, and a broad
side from a ship armed with them will
hurl a total weight of steel of more
than 25.000 pounds.
The Secretary reviews the achieve
ments of the nary in foreign waters,
and concludes with a stirring account
of the actirities of the marines and an
eloquent tribute to their valor.
When a new match appeared on the
market in France and refuaed to
strike, investigation revealed that It
f was from wood used in construction of
army huts which had been flreproofed.
For Infants and Children
in Use for Over 30 Years
?hrsvB bean ^7
kk SI 1.75
H QUALITY JEWELRY CO.,
IL 13X 4th N W
0St't4 WE S-ncKlK'^
AROUND, ?0 -
L AO ?evom
0*4 wrru twe
$20 PER COPY FOR B. V. D.'S;
rrs COLD IN HUNLAND, TOO
Pair of Sox Costs $4.50, and Damon Runyon
Receives Immense Amount of Informa
tion to Boot with the Purchase.
With the American Array of Occupa
tion, Trier, German?, Dec. 4.?(by Cou
rier to Nancy, France.)?Frau Fleiner
conducts a store In Trier, We were in
there today buying socks. We bought
the cheapest she had, at 12 marks per
pair, about $4.50 under the present rate
of German money. Frau Fleiner ex
plained in English that wools are
pretty scarce in Germany.
Did we know her brother, Henry Bo
lig. who runs a saloon in Melrose
Excuse her English, please; it hadn't
been used much in four years. Would
we like to look at some nice woolen
undergarments at about $10 per gar
She had visited her brother at the
time of the World's Fair, back In 1892.
Would we be interested in chopped
silk underwear at $20 per copy? It
would wear well. No, she didn't have
shirts and drawers to match in either
wool or silk case. There had been lots
of military around in the last four
years, and they had boupht It up in
assorted lots pretty much.
Like Violet B. V. D.'i
She hadn't heard from Henry for a
long time. It was hard to get mall
in or out of Trier during? the war.
Did we know R. C. Richter, of Den
ver, Colo., who has a ranch? He vis
ited in Trier years ago. Lots of
Americans used to come to Trier, but
they were mainly tourists.
Yes, those garments did look like
violet bathing suits, but people don't
wear their undergarments where they
can be seen!
I She had two sons in the war. One
of them was killed in battle in France.
The other is now a prisoner in
Europe. She hadn't heard from him
for a long time, either.
What about some silk socks? She
had a /ew left.
\ The war had been very hard on the
poor people of Germany.
What did they think about the
Americans being here? Well, they
j were not bitter against the Ameri
cans being here. The Americans
would understand the Germans bet
ter. No, she didn't think there would
be any trouble between the soldiers
and the civilian population, but of
course, it was hard on Germany to
have a foreign army within her bor
Hard on France too.
Yes, it probably was just as hard on
France when Germany's soldiers were
over there. About this time Junius
lirutus Wood, Df the Chicago Daily
New?. drifted in to assist us in the
purchase of socka Junius owns 'a
little fat dog and lives in constant
mortal terror of the small boys of
Trier, who are constantly running
their hands over the canine in a most
Junius feels sure they are contem
plating something from the stand
point of a potential sausage.
When Frau Fleiner heard Junius
j was from Chicago she asked him if it
is possible for him to get word to her
broiher Henry. Junius said he would
j do it, at which the old lady wept
? tears of joy.
"Over There" with the Yanks
Ain t ft funny how a fellow will holler for six months steady about
, that heavy pack, and right in the prime of battle carry ten times as
much weight, and the appearance of a German Q. M. C.
Elderly Negro Tells Police
Fake Arrest Cost Him
A new method of extracting $125
was used on William Lewis, an elderly
negro stringer, of Indianapolis, early
yesterday morning in the vicinity of
First and D streets northwest.
Lewis told the police that he was
approached by a white man, who said
that ho was under arrest. The sup-1
posed officer fed him around the cor
ner of First and D streets and robbed
him of *125. Lewis said.
Detectives Joe Grant and Armstrong J
arrested George Warren Murray, |
white, 31 years old, of SU M street
northwest, who is being held for In- J
vestigation. Two witnesses are said
to have declared that a white man
was seen by them taking tho money
from the old negro.
Murray is locked up at the 8ixth |
precinct station. He is employed as
a special officer at the Washington
The second hold-up story of the day
was reported to the police by Frank
Jackson, of 629 G street southeast,
who declared yesterday that he had
been robbed of $117 at the point of a
revolver by three unidentified white'
men at Seventeenth and EJ streets
He says all were of medium height
Says Bishop Welldon of England:
?There has been more virtue in the
succession of American Presidents
than in any line of dynasty in
"Fancy! And they with two au
"I've heard that she walks in her
Australian casualties are unof
ficially stated to be 207.000 from a
population of 5,000,000. Dead number
"How are you going to vote, Grace?"
"Depends on the weather. If it rains.
I suppose I'll have to vote In a mack
intosh !"?J udge.
Three Y. M. C. A. women?Marjorle
Skelding. Mabel Stillwell, Marry Ar
rowsmith?made 10,000 doughnuts for
Yanks in four days.
NEW nUCES-90* 80c. 91M
SOLONS TO PASS
ON PEACE TERMS
No Treaty to Be Signed
Without Approval of
U. S. Congress.
No definitive treaty of peace be
tween the allied government! or the
United States and the central pow
er* will be drawn until each na
tion'# parliamentary bodiee .hav*
been given ample opportunity to
pass upon the principles and es
sential groundwork of the proposed
treaty. Lack of any official state
ment from Europe has failed to
clarify discussions of the procedure
to be followed by the sovereign
powers in reaching a peace treaty,
but the foregoing policy, quite in
accord with procedure in the past,
is predicted generally by diplomatic
In the opinion of officials in touch
with the agencies employed by
President Wilson in outlining his
plans for the Journey to Ehropc,
the first step to be taken by the
diplomatic representatives at Paris
will be the formulation of the pre
liminaries of peace, a document to
be signed by the delegates, and
which, in effect, will be a protocol
embodying the baeio policies to gov
ern the exposition of the final peace
To fettle Prtaaartry Qaeatiens.
A prominent diplomatic agent said
"The formulating of the prelimi
naries of peace, or the protocol, will
no doubt prove the most important
negotiation of the series made neces
sary for the ending of the war. There
is reason to believe that the proposed
protocol will be drawn primarily to
provide solutions to every question
that gave rise to the war. If this
principle of prooedure is accepted, and
all precedent calls for such procedure,
it is obvious that President Wilson
may rest content If his principles of
international conduct are embodied in
the preliminaries. It Is possible that
he will never attend a peace confer
ence. Ills ambitions may be achieved
! in bringing about a righteous and
Just preliminaries, or protocol. Cer
tainly it would appear that he believes
that he must win or lose in the state
ment of alma which we have every
reason to believe will be contained in
"With the signing of the protocol,
the procedure for peace necessarily
is halted for the moment. It will be
necessary then for the parliaments of
the several nations, depending upon
their constitutional laws, to pass upon
the protocol and to ratify It. If rati
fied. the protocol Is then used as a
basis for the peace negotiations which
are held between representatives of
the anti-German nations an<l the dele
gates from the central powers.
C?ur?p a Wise One.
"It is obvious that such a course
is a wise one. By this method it te
possible for nations neutral during the
war to protect if they are prejudlciat
ly affected by the terms of the proto
col. This hapepned at the conclusion
of the Russo-Turkish war. The pre
liminaries were signed at San Stefano
on March 3. 1878, but before a definite
treaty was concluded the European
powers intervened and at the Con
gress of Berlin. July IS. 1878. modified
the provisions of the preliminaries and
thereby forced Russia to forego cer
tain peace terms she had indicated
in the preliminaries
*>U the close of the Spanish-Amer
ican war the peace commissioner*
termed the preliminaries a peace pro
tocol, which waJ signed at Wash
ington August 12, 189S. and was later
confirmed by both nations, the defin
itive treaty being signed at Pari"
December 10. 1898.
"Judging from previous prelimina
ries. as drawn after the close of
hostilities of the greater modern
wars, it is safe to assume that among
the provisions which the prelimina
ries will define as contemplated In
the peace terms will be;
Fwt east of Coatenta.
Recognition of the conditional char
acter of the convention and Its de
pendence on the definitive treatv to
be conducted later.
Appointment of plenipotentiaries for
negotiating the definitive peace, the
number being indicated by each side.
The time and place of the meeting
Methods for the ratification of th?s
Adhesion of the allies; the exten
A iter 41V
A wonderful choosing can be
| had here, which includes small
! and large dolls at reasonable
prices and toys of every descrip
I tlon, curios, etc.
1205 PRNNA AVE.
Branch, 4?9 Peana Ave.
Ideal Golf Climate
October to May
===== AUGUSTA, GEORGIA -
24 Hours from New York 36 Hours from Chifttgo
Near two finest 18-Hole Golf Courses in the South
Thru train service from North and West On main
sion of the armistice; the grant of
The payment of a war lnMbnltr
>r compensation as the allies seem
not to term suoh measure.
The military occupation of aft
a guarantee and the means of main
tenance of such foroe.
Administration of the occupied ter
Conditions of future evacuation.
rectification of frontiers, cession of
territory, revival or'annulment of
Declaration of intention to employ
league of nations as means of en
forcing psace terms.
Declaration of intention to call
world congress for settlement of
questions of freedom of seas, rights
of neutrals in war and other points
bearing upon future peace.
"It is in bringing about the last
two declarations that President Wil
son hopes to achieve, in the forth
coming peace terms., guarantees to
an enduring peace. And it is inter
esting to note that he has refrained
from explicit discussion of these
Questlonn. Probably he wishes to
abstain from such discussions until
he has secured a declaration in the
preliminaries. Should he be suc
cessful in this effort, he will then
he in a position to return to the
United States and lay before Con
gress the preliminaries, or protocol,
or whatever the statement may be
termed, and in asking ratification
of the document state clearly the
methods for world government,
which he hopes can be initiated In
the peace terms and later amplified
by action of a world congress."
"The riant democracy of the New
World" bu saved the democracies of
Europe. If the United States had not
come in when Russia went out. the
best the entente could have gotten
would have been a stalemate, which
would have meant virtually a victory
for Qermany. It Is with )i*t prtdfc
that America Is able to say we havp
as high and clean purpose now as we
We Had to
HUNDREDS of persons hare come to rec
ognize oar (tore by the laboratory in oar
window, wbere lenses for eyeglasses were
ground and finished. This growing patronage
has made it necessary to enlarge this laboratory
and move it out of the window, to that we can
By enlarging our facilities we are in better
position to examine your eyes?write the pre
scription and make roar glasses all under one
roof and for one reasonable charge Inspection
of our bigger laboratory is invited.
BERMAN OPTICAL CO.
813 SEVENTH ST- N. W. orr
had In the Spanish-American war. We
then told Cuba, when we had freed her
from the oppressor, to work out her
own sal ration a* a free nation. We
paid Spain 120,000.000 for the Philip
pines afttr we had conquered them,
and told the Filipino* they too should
have complete independence aa aoon
aa they showed themselves qualified
for self-government. When China
paid us Indemnity for ths Boxer out
rages. we turned It all back and told
her to use It for the education of her
So we entered the world war with
no selfish ambition for European or
colonial territory. Territorial lines &r?
of interest to us only as they repre
sent impartial Justice and stftnd fo
the freedom of peoples In the final
settlement the voice of America mu.-'
be powerful, because without d^*ii*
for personal rain we stand for a Just
peace that shall guarantee th* liber
ties of all raeea.? From Leslie's
"Class Ad" Advertising
Class Ad" advertising serves the individual as effectually as display advertis
ing serves the business establishment. The merchant finds the answer to his selling
problems in advertising. The individual who has property to sell, or to rent; who
has something of value, of which he has no more need, to offer; who wants to find
a capable worker or to secure a better job?to this man, or to these men or women.
Class Ad advertising is a practicable thing, inexpensive and quick to achieve
This City Is Growing Bigger All the Time
This city is growing bigger all the time?and people who are looking for homes
do not find it practicable to make a personal tour of the town. They turn to the
Class Ad" columns and get their facts about offerings. Then they investigate.
When they go "home-hunting" they go on specific errands, not merely to canvass
some particular section of the city in a general way
There's a Tenant to Be Found
There's a tenant to be found for every vacant store or office or workshop in the
city; and for every vacant house, apartment or studio. This assumes that the place
offered is desirable and that the rental is reasonable. The tenant, however, has
formed the habit of getting his facts through the "Class Ad" columns. He assumes
that desirable offering^ will be made there?and he is nearly always right in this.
Do You Own Real Estate?
Do you own real estate which is of no immediate use to you? Have you made
investments in lots, with a view to future improvements; and do you find it impos
sible to make these improvements now? You should be able to sell advantageously,
realizing a fair profit on your original investment and subsequent carrying charges.
Use The Herald "Class Ads."
That Idle Car of Yours
That idle car of yours would be useful and valuable to somebody else. Why
not put it in the market and realize its full value in cash? Use The Herald "Class
Ads" columns to get your selling message to prospective buyers. The expense will be
nominal; the result is usually achieved quickly.
If You Want to Sub-Let Your Apartment
If you want to sub-let your apartment or your house, either furnished or unfur
nished, your problem is to find a responsible tenant. It's a problem for Herald "Class
Ads." Make your proposition clear, definite. It will attract the attention of home
seekers?for there are thousands of people in the city who would be glad to find
the opportunity to sub-lease a home on reasonable terms.
Are You Earning Too Little?
Are you earning too little? If you are capable and ambitious you can find a
position in which you can earn a salary matching your real worth. Put your mes
sage into a Herald "Class Ad." It will reach employers. There are more opportuni
ties for efficient workers than ever before. But these opportunities will not come to
one unsought. You must find them.
Look Over the "Class Ads'
If you have a selling task which might be carried through quickly by utilizing
"Class Ads," study the ads of others which bear on the same tasks. Then make your
"copy" a little better thafh the average. Get into the spirit of "Class Ads." Hun
dreds of others utilize these little ads prof'tably. You can, too. and if you want
expert copy service, phone the "Class Ad" Dept.. Main 3300.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
"Class Ad" Dept., Main 3300
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