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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 09, 1918, Image 6

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WOMAN'S PARTY |
TO MEET HERE
Another Big Drive on l). S.
Senate Will Be Ar
ranged.
An emergency conference of all
?iate chairmen and members of the
Advisory Council of the National
JV'oman'i party will meet in Washing
V>nf December 14, 15 and 1*.
With less than tisfrty days left to
secure the passage of the Federal suff
rage amendment, the suffragists will
make plans at this conference to win
the one remaining vote necessary for
victory before March 4.
Women from all over the country
will take part in a final demonstra
tion for the immediate passage ?f
4he amendment by the Senate. Pre
liminary meetings are being held in
fjifayette Square.
On the opening day of the confer
ence business sessions will be held
national headquarters In Lafay
ette Square. Alice Paul, chairman of
???> organization, will lay the Senate
Situation before the leaders and dis
suasion will follow. Mrs. Lawrence
?.ewis will report on the financial
Situation. I'nder her leadership a
Sund of ??.009 is being raised for the
pnal stage of the suffrage light. Miss
Maud Younger will describe the leg
islative situation. Miss Lucy Burns
# prill outline plans for the demonstra
tion and Mrs. Florence Boeckel will
take up the question of publicity.
/ Saturday* evening there will be a
iupper at headquarters. Among those
Cho have promised to speak are
rank P. Walsh.. Frederick O'Brien.
frs. Florence Kelly. Raymond Rob
fcln*. Col. William Thompson and
Sirs. Marie Moore Forrest. A mass
jfeieeting is scheduled for 3 o'clock
vunday afternoon at the National
Theater Mr*. O. H. P. Belmont, of
New York, will preside.
Mivi Mary Bright, of Washington, is
In charge of hospitality for the con
ference. She is arranging accommo
dations at the hotels and in private
fcomes.
: Among the women assisting in get
ting up the conference are Mrs. Rich
ard -Wainwright. Mrs. Harvey Wiley,
Mrs. John Jay White, Mrs. Arthur
Ramsey. Mrs. S. B. M. Young. Mrs.
Min i Van Winkle. Mrs William Kent,
Mile Rose Siewe, Mrs. Henry At
Water. Mrs. Hornsby Evans, Miss
Anne George. Mb*s Grace Need ham.
Mrs. George Odell, Mre. Lawrence j
Darr and Mrs. William B. Thompson.
_ * Some of the women from out of
town who will take part are Mrs John !
Winters Brannan and Mrs. John Rog
ers, of New York; Mrs. A. R. Colvin. |
?f Minnesota; Mrs. Florence Bayard I
Hillis. of l>elaware; Mrs. M. Toscan |
Bennett and Mrs. George Day. of Con- |
wecticut. Mr*. Clara Snell W'olfe and
Mrs. Elizabeth Kalb. of Texas; Dr.
Caroline Spencer, of Colorado, and Ida
F. Hasley. of Oklahoma.
200,000 Belgians in
England as Refugees
I^rndon.?There are 2W.000 Belgian
refuses in England cared for through [
*11 the four years since the Germans |
drove them fronra Iheir homes.
<As a ireneral ml- the men will go |
back first. So one will be sent back
pntil it is established that his home
fs there; or until some arrangement is
made whereby he can secure a place
to settle down, with food and a job ,
assured.
Woman's Rights Bill
Is Model of Brevity
London.?Model of brevity, was the '
*>tll introduced by l^ord Robert Cecil ;|
making women eligible as members of
Parliament. It reed* "A woman shall I
not be disqnalifi^i^ly sex or marriage I
from hf ing elected to sit, sitting or j
voting as a member in the Commons,
He use of Parliament." ?
Soldier Eats Own
Weight in 37 Days
Paris.--A statistical fiend estimates
that the American army in France
eats 2so.<x)0.or)ri pounds, or HO.flOO tons, j
of food every thirty-seven days. In
that period every soldier eats his own I
weight in food. This is on the bas's I
of an avernge weight of 160 pounds
ar^# a daily food consumption of 4.3
pounds.
Japanese Develop
Trade in Porcelain
Kyoto.?Development of the Japan- I
ese porcelain trade is redoubled by'
tl>e extension and placing under con- |
trol of the central government of the j
Kyoto municipal experimental kiln, i
A-state tea laboratory is also to be j
established next year at Shizuoka. |
AFTER-WAR PROBLEMS.
Two outstanding tasks loom up be
fore the officials who are to have
charge of the reconstruction policy of
the government. The first is one of
saK'age. It will consist in saving
what can be saved for peace uses of
the tremendous expenditures upon the
war. It is the less important of the
two. The other is to preserve pros
perity. It will require the highest
qualities of statesmanship. It can
only be accomplished in complete
freedom from partisan shiDbolcths
and from subserviency to class in
terests whether they be labor, fanner
or capitalist It is the prosperity of
the whole nation that will be at stake
when the war ends. There must be
IK) haggling over free trade when a
_ tariff 1? nccessary both to raise the
~ great after-the-war revenue and to,
foster the Industries that will be <
|ojec:ed under new conditions Into1
thu most rigorous competition the 1
world has ever ktfcwn. Thero ran*t be
no oegt&ctipg of budding industries. |
such aj the dyestufts and chemical
industry, which h.av?j n risen fruin J
small foundations to meet the na- j
t*enal need in wartime. A* ovc oil j
th*re must be no lowering of the
national interests before the demands j
?f chfc?s or sectional interests in is- I
lues that will have vital connection !
with prosperity. Getting back to a!
peace basis, we will witness many j
alterations in CJiistinr; standards and \
conditions. Prices wl?l be lower. That ;
r is Inevitable by economic law, and !
necessary ;n order that we may com- '
pete with foreign producers. Manu
facturers expect, too. that with tho
cost of living lowered there will be a
Consequent decreare In the wage
scales which the government has so
seie/otisly adapted to the unpre
cedented conditiors of wartime. It is
rital also that the government should
c>e meet scrupulously fair and ob
servant. of its obligations when it |
eorr.es to tho business of cancelling
rar contracts. It would be both un
?rorthy and ur.wise if the depart
ments, in their ha*tc to stop work on
le-vly unnecessary war contracts, at
:ernpt to shift unavu.dablc losses from
he government to the patriotic man
tfacturvrs of war oriels.?Thomas
f. l?gon. :n LesLc's. I
August Wilhelm Better
Forget His Dream of
New Empire.
Buenos Aire*?Do German imperial
ist* still dream of a German domina
tion of South America?
Do the Hohenxollerns hope to stase
a comeback with thia continent as
the base of operations?
Do they plan an empire here such
as v&s dreamed of for Maximilian in
Mexico? , , w
i These are questions asked as It m
learned that August Wilhelm and
j wife are planning to corac to Argen
j " For thirty years Germany
a program ol penetration In South
American countrK*. Sho
till thousands of German subject* ai e
on the continent.
She has claimed more than 400.uw
native-born Germans are in one Mo
tion of Brazil Germans have
controlled the finances of Argentina
and Chile. . ?. _ V
1 By a sagacious catsrlng to e\ery
| little wish of the SouthAmerican
trade. German goods came *o
the markets of the South American
I countries.
I on* of Freedom.
Nowhere In the world do
seem a. favorable for a
German prestige as in South America
I-if the Germans overlook the tact
(that the people of these countries hav.
' realized the loss of freedom that comes
I with Gemaanizatlon.
German army officers have trained
the armies of Chile till the very uni
forms and personal api-e.trance
| soldiers are German. But the Ger
man ideal is shattered in Chile,
i \rgentine business and government
al circles have been Influenced and
i controlled by Germans. But the Lux
iburg expose was an awakening and
the popular demonstrations against
Germany and German agents was
convincing to the most ardent pro
German that the dream was over in
Argentina. - .
President Irogyan. who was counted
on as pro-German, has come to. De
considered "radical and wilful." rather
than pro-German by those who ob
jected to his brand of neutrality dur
ing the war. wnrm
In Buenos Aires more than 200.000
marched in a demonstration for war
with Germany after the Luxburg ex
posures. proof thai the capital city
would be a poor spot for a Hohen
zollern to get a fresh start.
Interests are Heavy.
The Hohenzollems undoubtedly have
heavy financial interests concealed in
South America, probably In Argentina.
But the fact that France. Great
Britain and the United States still
live and that I Attn and Teuton do not
merge, no matter how adaptable the j
Teutonic ingredient tries to be in the
process, bars fear of German donu
naMaximllian. -he Hapsburg. broth"
of Francis Joseph, tried to rule in .
Mexico and he had the army of the
French empire at his back. His policy
was "the rejuvenation of Mexico, j
When it failed he tried ruthlessness.
fhen France withdrew support at the
urge of the United States and in 1W
Maximilian surrende/ed to the army or
the republic of Mexico, was tried and
shot and his body turned over to the
Austrian government.
It was the la*t attempt of an Euro
pean power to set up a government ii^
the r.ew world. Another would end as
disastrously.
?t?
Hun War Gas Inventor
Held Prisoner by Yanks
Toul, France.?Prof. Otto Schmeern
kase. exploiter of chlorine gas as a
German offensive weapon, was one of
the last prisoners of war to be taken
by the Yanks at Thiaucourt.
THE BOLSHEVIST MENACE IN
EUROPE.
Russia has suffered vastly more,
from Bolshevism than from war. Will!
Austria and Germany now have to^KO
through similar experiences?
all of Continental Europe be swept
by the same le-astating and blight- |
ing influence? Will England, too.
have her hands full in keeping down
the unrest of her laboring people?
Bolshevism. '?y which is meant a rev
olutionary uprising of the proletariat j
against the propertied class, is world- i
wide in its threat. In limited meas
ure we have it in this country. The |
I. W. W. and the revolutionary So
cialists are its exponents. Whatever
may be the conditions in other lands,
there is no real occasion here for
such propaganda. The recent elec
tion. in which but one Socialist was
elected to Congress, was a rebuke to
this radical, revolutionary element
and a demonstration of the sound
ness of the people's Judgment. But
conditions are different in Europe.
Germany played with fire when she
took up I-enine and Trotzky as her ]
pai J agents, and fanned the flames of j
Bolshevism to bring about Russia s
destruction as an empire and a fight
ing force. She knew the danger if
Bolshevism spread, and she knew it
would spread. Germany reasoned,
doubtless, that she would ha\e least
to fear because of her army, the dis
ciplined life of the people, the
strength of her government and the I
ease with whi^h every insurrectory I
manifestation could be put down. Had I
Germany come out of the war vie- I
torious her calculations might have I
proved correct, but as matters now i
stand she helped release a force that
may work her own undoing, too. The
most recent dispatches, which tell
of the seizure of the German navy
by a Workmen's and Soldiers' Coun
cil. Justify this fear. The Russian
revolution began in the fleet in pre
cisely this way The Russian revo
lutionists opened the door to chaos
and anarchy in abolishing the mili
tary salute. The German revolution
ists have done the same thing.
Among all the belligerents there are
large elements that are sympathetic
to Bolshevism ?Chariton Bates Strav
er, in Leslie'*.
Thirty Millions Bought War Savings
Stamps in 1918 ?
Thirty million persons have purchased war savings ^fSThps in the %
United States this year.
The income derived from them exceeds the total government
income for the fiscal year 1914 exclusive of postal revenues.
The income for that year wai $714,000,000. The sale of war sav
ings stamps this year has brought $900,000,000?nearly a billion dol
lars. Their maturity value is more than a billion.
That's five times the $200,000,000 bond issue that paid for the
whole Spsnish-Amcrican war.
The bigness of the liberty bond campaigns has almost obscured
the importance of the thrift stamp campaign. If we had had no liberty
bond campaigns, the country would have declared the war savings
campaign the biggest money-raising scheme in the nation's history.
That's why the government is preparing to keep the war stamps
in circulation after ^cace is signed.
More Exclusive Pictures of the German Naval Surrender
Here arc more pictifrcs, illustrating two phases of that his
toric tvent?one dramatic, or.e amusing.
Above you see the line of German Dreadnoughts steaming
in to surrender, the picture being taken from the desk of a
British destroyer.
Below is the great battleship Hindenburg?'brand new and
never in a battle, being photographed (see foreground) for the
movies.
Eimp ! I
DESTROYER SHAW'S SACRIFICE |
TOLD FOR THE FIRST TIME
By HAROI.I) K. BK< IITOL.
London, Dec. 8.?With a splinter
ing crash the huge liner?one of
the biggest-on. the world?tore into
the "tJnited State Destroyer Shaw,
and through her. Thirty feet of the
destroyer's nose was sliced off.
Fire started. Oil on the destroy
er's deck blazed furiously. Emer
gency ammunition lying near the
four-inch gun was "kr-boom-ing"
at intervals.
And through the blazing oil, dis
regarding the explosions, knowing
that the magazine right under the
flames might let go any second,
i scampered the destroyer's naval
crew?cool Americans who never
thought of quitting.
They picked up ammunition that
was as likely as not to go up in
their hands, frnd tossed it into the
sea. Their clothing often caught
Are from walking through th?
flames. They beat it out and went
on working.
They did the job. The Are was
put out: the magazine didn't eo off.
\nd minus a nose the Shaw limped
into a British port backwards.
A lot of these young Americans
<rere pretty badly damaged. So was
the Shaw. But they got her in.
Detail* are Told.
Admiral Sims' staff now permits'
publication of the whole story of the i
Shaw collision. All the acts of hero
ism cannot be told; that would take
a book. And the men mentioned here
arc no brav?r than a lot of others on
that destroyer.
^ut these stories will give an Idea
U.S. FOOD FOR EUROPE!
TO BE 20,000,000 TONS
Secretary Redfield So States to
Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce, j
New York, Dec. 8. ? The lUnited j
States will be called upon to supply
Europe with 20,000,000 tons of food
during the coming year, Wiliam C.
Redfield, Secretary of Commerce, de
clared in an address before the Brook
lyn Chamber of Commerce today.
Redfield said that Congress would be
asked to authorize the issuance of of
ficial certificates of quality to manu
facturers. adding that since grain was
sold under Federal certificates, there j
wa? no reason why the same protec- j
tion should not be accorded manufac- j
turers.
~
Rickenbacher Denies
Engagement Stories
Palis?Eddie Rickenbacher, Amer- j
ican ace,v is sore because American j
press agents have had him announc- |
ed as engaged to nearly every movie j
actress or star in the United States. ?
Eddie intimates that there is one
girl in America waiting for him and
be is angry that her peace of mind
should be disturbed by announce
ments that he is engaged to some
one else.
of the kind of a scene that was en
acted out there miles from land, after
that collision.
In the first place the Shaw sacri
ficed herself rather \ than take a{
chance on ramming the liner. The
steering apparatus became jammed.
The commander saw his destroyer was !
headed across the troopship's bow. If
he speeded up he might make it. But
he was very likely not to make it and
ram the liner?possibly sending a lot
of soldiers to the bottom of the
ocean.
The other thing to do was to slow
down. That way he couldn't damage
the liner but he would probably be
cut in two. This all happened in a
few seconds and the steering gear
was jammed in such a way that the
destroyer wasn't traveling in a
straight line.
So the problem wasn't easy. But
the commander sized it up quickly
and slowed down. He succeeded in
maneuvering so skillfully that only j
the front end of the destroyer wai j
struck.
Thought of I.lnrr.
.His first thoifght was for tl# liner.:
He megaphoned up; from what was
left of his vessel:
j "Any damage to you. tir?"
"I don't think so, sir; I'm investi
gating," replied the skipper of the
liner.
i Then the oil on deck caught fire.
"Flood the forward magazine!" was
the order.
I That had to be done from the chart
! house, which was surrounded by fierce
flames and itself on flic. L.io?t. Comdr.
Van Ij. Kirkman and Lieut. Kdward
D. Riley and Ensign Ross Dierdorff
jumped in^o the flames. Kirkman got
the wrench on the flood cock, but
the collision had jammed the mech
anism. She wouldn't turn.
It had to be done. That meant
going through more fire and getting
more burns. But it was done. Three
others who assisted were Lieut.
Comdr. H. G. Shonerd, Ensign T. C.
Brings nnd Carpenter G. R. Lytton.
The-shells kept on deck alongside
the 4-inch gun were also popping all
this while. That wouldn't do. One
of them might set off the magazine.
The captain gave the order and these
four men walked over into the flames,
COLDS AND GRIPPE
YIELD TO CALQTABS
To break up a cold over night or
to shorten an attack of grippe, phy
sicians and druggists arc now recom
mending Calotahs, the new neusea
less calomel tablet that is free from
all dangerous and sickening effects.
This who have tried it say that it is
far more effective and certain than
the okl styip calomel, therefore rec
ommended by all physicians.
One Calotab on the tongue at bed
time with a swallow of water?that's
all. Nc salts, no nausea nor the
slightest interference with eating,
worl: or pleasures. Next mornii
your cold has vamped and your whole
system feels refreshed and purified.
Calotabs is sold only m original sealed
packages, price thirty-Aye cents. Rec
ommended and guaranteed by all
druggists. Your money back if you
af-e not delighted.?Adv.
Special Sale
Gentlemen's
Diamond
Ring'.
$25 up to $1,000
QUALITY JEWELRY CO.,
438 9th St N. W.
about five feet from the blazing oil
tank and the hottest place on deck,
picked up the shells and pitched theiu
overboard:
Chief Boatsman's Mate W. C. Kess
ler. Gunner's Mate J. W. Romspert.
Chief Pharmacist's Mate O. Driver,
Watertender G. E. Fernandes.
D. C. WAGE BOARD
APPOINTS AIDS
Miss Clara E. Mortenson Is
Secretary; Miss Gladys
Phelan Assistant. *
..The Minimum Wage Board of the *
District of Columbia lait night an
nounced the appointment of Miss
Clara E. Morteflson as secretary and
Mis? Gladys Phelan as assistant sac
rotary.
The board Itself, Recently appointed
by the District Commissioners under
the new minimum-wage law for wo
men in private employ, consists of 1
Jesse C, Ad kins, chairman, and rep
resentative of the public; Joseph A.
Berberich. vice president of the Mer
chants' and Manufacturers' Associa
tion, representative of the employers
| of Washington, and Miss Ethel M.
Smith, executive . ^retary of the
Washington committee of the Na* |
tional Women's Trade I'nlon league, i
who is the representative of the wo
men workers who Will be affected by
the bill.
The office of the board will be
opened in the District Building at
offfe, and it is expected that pre
liminary investigations will be com
pleted shortly. Figures already
gathered by Miss Marie L. Obanauer
and her staff of industrial experts
show that there are 15,700 women I
workers in Washington within the |
fleld of investigation?namely in all J
occupations except the government J
service, the telegraph, telephone, ex
press and railroad service. Of these i
far the larger number of women, or ,
more than 7.000, are employed in j
tl;^ retail stores. The next Isrgest j
number 4.500, are employed In man- J
ufacturing establishments of differ- I
*nt kinds, some 2,700 are employed j
In restaurants, hotels and personal
service establishments, and more
than 600 are office workers.
The wages of these 15.700 women )
shortly will be tabulsted and ana- .
lyxed, and the eost of living In j
Washington at the present time will j
be determined for the board by the,
T'nlted States Bureau of Labor i
Statistics.
When the^e sets of data are com- i
pleted the board will be able to de- |
termlne which occupation should be ^
made the subject of the conferences ,
which will determine the minimum ?
wage for the women employes. j
NF.W BRITISH PROCESS
BEATS HUN INDUSTRY
Potash Output Increased by Using
Salt in Blast Furnaces.
London ?Blast furnaces, by addition
of a small Quantity of ?lt, are In
creasing the amount of potash given
off without affecting pi? iron produc
tion. Encland thus expects to be sup
plied with all potassium chlorine
noc-ded. of greater purity than the
G< rman product and at a lower price
than before the war.
THESE WOMEN
PLEAD FOR HUN
Dr. Anita Augsburg (above) Is the i
German woman who addressed a plea
to Jane Adaams, of America, to use 1
her influence for a modulation of ar
nrstjce term* dictated by the allies'
declaring "famisnment and mutiny"
would result in Germany from their j
enforcement. Gertrude Baeumer and
Alice Salomon (below) signed the ap- ?.
peal lo American women which asked |
that rolling stock demanded by armis- j
tic? terms be left to Germany for dis- |
tribution of food. They appealed to!
mothers of America as mothers of '
Gonnany and directed the message to ;
Mrs. Wood row Wilson.
French Send Home
'87-'89 Men First
Paris.?In demobilization of tb*
French army classes to be released
flrft are those of 1887. 1888, 1885.
These men shall be s*?nt at once to
their local depot and will then be
allowed to return to their homes. '
ALEXANDRIA 1
V" m m &
THE BEHALD BfH EAO.
A. B [MmpitL
TS Emm tun
Alexandria. Va. Dec. I.?Three mur
der caaoa will be presented to th*
grand Jury tomorrow morning in the
Corporation Court, Judse L. C. Bar
ley presiding The case* to be pre
sented are William H. Oehlert. chart
ed with shooting snd killing LAawood
Kid well, which occurred November
12.
John Griffin, colored, charged with
shooting snd killing Roy Johnson, col
ored. whch occurred November ?1.
William Quill, colored, chsrged with
fstally stabbing Abbie Butler, color
ed. which occurred Ayguat 7.
In addition to the foregoing, several <
cases for slleged violation? of the *
8 tat* prohibition law slso will he <
consdered by tbe Jury.
The Forty Hours' Devotion service*
which were opened Friday morning
In St: Man's Catholic (**hurch came
to an end tonight with a ??-rmon by
Rev. Herman Storck. 8. J.. George
town I'niversity.. snd benediction Af
terward the procession was held
which wan participated In by a large
numbfr of little girls. The service* j
throughout have been largely attend- {
ed. and a large congregation waa
present st the services tonight
The funeral of John M. Wells took
place this afternoon from his late resi
dence. 213 Commerce street. Service*
were conducted by Rev. E. V. Rever
ter, D. D., pastor of the M. E. Church
South, and burial was made in Union
Cemetery.
A false alarm of Are brought out the
fire department shortly before 6 o'clock
tonight The Are apparatus went In
opposite direction*. agalYi demonstrat
ing the need of a Are alarm 'aystem
here.
A meeting of the I>oard of director*
of the Chamber of < ommerre will b* .
held tomorrow f Monday) night at * "
o'clock at the rooms of that organisa
tion.
Alexandria Lodge. No. 7j8, Benevo
lent and Protective Order of Elk*,
will hold a meeting at 7:30 o'clock
Monday night at itf home.
Orange ) ^rom 'h' fw"'
_ _ ? / Scented Island
Pekoe ) of Ceylon?
"SALADA"
Pin your Faith to this brand to ensure vour getting
the best.
Scaled packets only?Sever in bulk.
9
j The Washington Herald
BOYS MAKE
BIG MONEY
SERVING
HERALD
ROUTES
Hey,
' Fellers!
You Can
Pick Up
Lots of Loose
Change on a
Job Like Mine.
Read
on:
r
Work a few hours early in the morning before school and
make $10 to $30 a month. You'll learn how to sell and learn the
practical and fundamental principles of everyday business life. It's
the best training you can get. Boys from 10 to 17 years old are in
vited to make application to The Herald representative nearest
their homes.
SEE THE AGENT IN YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD
Mr. H. A. Temps, 1018 K St. N. E. ?
Mr. D. Courtney, 8 G St. N. W.
Mr. Robert Huntington, 3526 M St N. W.
Mr. J. J. Connery, 1511 A St. N. E.
Mr. K. O. Lehman, 2406 14th St. N. W.
Mr. John Orchard, the Loudoun, 314 East Capitol St.
Mr. H. C. Smith, 803 C St. S. W.
'Mr. E. J. Barron 2030 I St. N. W.
Mr. T. J. Travis, 819 3d St. N. W.
or Ask fpr MR. BUCK at
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
Phone Main 3300

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