OCR Interpretation


The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 09, 1918, Image 7

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1918-12-09/ed-1/seq-7/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 7

FIGHT READING
AS DELEGATE
British Press Bitter Against
Sending Former Am
bassador to Paris.
London, pec. 8.?Just whin the;
nation seemed assured that every- ?
body and everything were in com
plete harmony preparatory to the |
peace conference at Pari*, the Tory
Press has thrown a monkeywrench |
into Lloyd George'* smooth running j
machinery by a sudden attack on j
the inclusion of Lord Reading:
among the British peace delegates
The Morning Post, taking up the
cudgels for those who are bitterly
opposed to this choice, launches a
violent editorial attack upon the
Lord Chief Justice, predicting the i
premier will seriously shake the
public confidence in himself if h*
insists on taking Reading with him ;
to Paris and Versailles.
A month age Universal Service |
was able to cable exclus{ve infor- |
nation that Lord Reading would not ;
return to Washington, but would re
main at the Prime Minister's elbow
throughout the peace deliberations. j
The two men have be?n almost In
separable during the conferences
here with Premiers Clemenceau and
Orlando and Marshal Foch.
Text ef Post's Attaek.
The Morning Post's editorial attack
follows:
' The government still ha* the in
tention. unless the public asserts it- j
self, to name Lord Reading as one of j
the British representatives to the.
Peace Conference at Paris. It is i
therefore timely for public opinion to j
be heard.
"No act on the part of the govern- j
raent could well be more repugnant j
to proper feeling. Least of all. on
such an occasion a? summoning a
peace conference which is to estab-1
lish a better order in the world, can j
It be forgotten that Lord Reading
was the principal figure in the discred- | j
ltable Marconi scandal.
"We do not wish to rake up the h
past vindictively; but at this confer- J j
ence surely it is the duty to demand
that this country, appearing a* cham
pion of the highest causes, should not ?
be unworthily represented.
"If representatives are to be chosen !
outside the ranks of the politicians.; ,
there are few open to graver excep- j
tion In one respect than Lord Reading.
"On his appointment to the Chief (
Justiceship, after the revelations of j ,
the Marconi inquiry, an appointment 1
In which the Liberal party disclosed ?
contempt for anything but party in- j
terest. we entered our protest.
Opposed A BibaAAadorohlp.
"When Lord Reading was appointed
Ambassador Extraordinary to the j
T'nited States we protested again, no 1
le.?s vigorously; and against his ap
pointment as British delegate to the;
Peace Conference we shall protest
with all our vehemence.
"In discharging what must be a ;
disagreeable duty, we are sustained
by many letters on this subject which |
we receive from the public, letters '
convincing us that if Mr. Lloyd j
George persists in the position ac- j
^credited to him, he will go far toward I
J forfeiting the confidence which the <
/conduct of the war has earned him." j
Never Ran Train, But
"Y" Men Turn Trick
Paris. France.?T*n Y. M. C. A.
men. not one of whom ever worked i
on a railroad, borrowed an engine
and forty freight cars and ran the ;
train all the way from an Atlantic'
port to Paris. They turned the j
trick to get cigarettes, chocolate. !
jam. biscuits and other supplies to ?
the Pans warehouse, for distribu
tion to soldiers at the front.
Th*re had been a transportation
tie-up and a shortage or train crews.
The ten volunteers not only ran the
train, but loaded it and unloaded ft. ,
The ten railroaders, who took turns
as engineer, firemen and brakemen.
Included Owen W. Kelsey. Sala
manca. New York: Harry Chism.J
Baltimore: Elmer E. Taylor. Indian- I
apolis: John T. Johnson. West Point. [
Ga.: John G. Brenfel. Fall River.
Mass.; Lawrence C. Jefferson. St. j
Paul. M'nn. ; H. W. Davis, Roxbury, I
Mass.. and Eugene Newland, Ed- j
ward F. Buckley and F. J. Gormley, 1
of New York City.
V
) Would Delay Coinage
Of Gold Sovereigns
k
Tendon.?That government borrowing
?ease as soon as possible after the war
and the shortage of real capital be 1
made good by genuine savings is one j 1
of the recommendations of the com- lj
mittee on currency and foreign ex
changes after the war. The commit- ?
:ee recommends that the issue of ?
notes should b* limited by law and en- <
tirely in the hands of the Bank of
England. Substitution of small Bank
3f England notes for present treasury
notes and no early return to the use of ]
rold coinage is recommended; this 1
through a desire to prevent a foreign
drain of gold menacing the country's
note issue.
New Zealand Wants Vote
on Prohibition Question
rhriatchurch. N. Z.?Liquor inter-1
?els have petitioned for the submts- j
Mon of the liquor question In three
forma Petitions bear S06.900 signa
^ tures. The propositions are: Con
? tinuation of the war-time govern
P ment control, national ownership of
| the business or national prohibition. |
* British Women Adopt
"Housekeeping Policy"
London.?With nearly a score of 1
women standing for Parliament. J {
housekeeping policy" Is going to be
made a feature of the British general
^lections In some of the constltuen-II
ries. Lady Askwith. pioneer of the j
national kitchens, heads a committee ;
)f housewives for one of the parties.
Legislators Urged
To Return to Duty
Paris.?Paul Deschanel, presiding
5fflcer of the Chamber of Deputies,
iss Issued an appeal that members
>f the chamber who have been In
:be army, now that the war is over
?eturn at once to their legislative
luties and assist In the solving of
peace problems.
ENGLAND TO MAKE PIANOS
3nti(h Factories Prepare for After
War Conflict.
J^wdon-Piano making Is to be an
' ^aportart Industry after the war.
3<istnsaa leadens announce. The Brit
,sh factories will aim to surpass the
German. Oespite war conditions,
pianos now bring high prices in Eng
ENGLAND'S GREAT SEA MYSTERY REVEALED
?r
Here's photo-proof of what the cables have hinted. It's Britain's great "floating air
drome," H. M. S. Furious, never picturtd until the surrender of the German fleet made
further secrecy unnecessary. Notice the aviation field on top, where planes land and de
part. H. E. Bechtol, European manager of the Newspaper Enterprise Association, who
?ends this notable picture, writes that there are other floating airdromes, some of which,
like the Argus, look like Bib'iral picturfs of Noah's ark?a huge rowboat
with a
h a perfectly flat top, smoke being blown out the back. German officers
the surrender fleet admitted they never knew about these ships.
LEAGUE OF NATIONS WOULD
BE EXPERIMENTAL, THEY SAY
U. S. SECOND NAVAL POWER;
BY PROGRAMS OF ALLIES
First Lord of the Admiralty and Other
Leaders of Great Britain Not Favorably
Impressed with the Idea.
"Heroic Effort" May Make This Nation Active
Competitor with Great Britain for Control
of Seas?Take Action on Navv.
London. Dec. 8. ? The Washington
Herald correspondent herewith pre
sents exclusively a series of state
ments bearing on th project of a
league of nation*, obtained from lead
ing Britons:
Sir Rosslyn Wemyss, first sea lord.
"Far be it from me to belittle the
Idea of a league of nations, but it
Is nothing new. Such a project was
put forward during the negotiations
ror the peace of Utrecht in 1713 by
Saint Pierre, but it did not come
to anything because of the difficulty
of working it out satisfactorily all
around.
" Again, in 17M Emmanuel Kant tried
to work it up. The present ques
tion is whether the peoples have
been prepared sufficiently for each na
tion to surrender its self-government
and put itself into the hands of an
international commission. If that
high'plane is already attained then
the nations mu3t feel assured of per
petual peace.
Power Never Abased.
"Meanwhile, the best guarantee
that mankind has been able to de
vise for the peace of the world is
the power of the British navy. That
power has never been abused In
peace and never dishonored In war."
Archbishop of York:
"There is a greater desire for
bringing about an international con
centration of power commonly re
ferred to as a league nations
than there is an understanding of
the difficulties such a plan will In
volve and the sacrifices it will de
mand. It is an ideal, but perhaps
it is attainable. Upon the close
fellowship of the great English
speaking nations and dominions de
pends the hope of fulfilling that
ideal.
"It is now their duty to make
democracy a saving and uplifting
power for the world. Unless the
moral conquest of war itself shall
be achieved forthwith, the present
victory cannot be pronounced com
plete."
Ix>rd Robert Cecil:
"Any league of nations neces
sarily must be an experiment. To
give It a fair start, we must first
mske a sound and good peace. For
any true partnership of nations, it
is imperative that the territorial
settlement be based upon natural
justice. It is important to re-es
tablish the sanctity of treaties be
cause any new international organ
ization is necessarily created by
treaty."
The Bishop of London:
"For a league of nations to be ef
fective. the way must be paved by
world-wide demonstrations that those
guilty of waging this war made a
colossal blunder from a material
viewpoint. There was absolutely no
necessity for the central powers to
outrage the peace of the world. I
consider this war the most unneces
sary war ever waged, and I am abso
lutely convinced that unless the whole
world sees and knows that this kind
of thing does not pay, the whole idea
r>f the league of nations is a baseless
Sream.
"Therefore, the perpetrators must be
punished. I claim that to punish the
wrongdoers is an essential part of up
holding the righteous judgment of
God as well as the essential founda
tlon for a succeaaful realization of
the league of nations Ideal."
J. C. Hernshaw, of the Kings Col
lege. Tendon:
"A league of nations at the present
time would be exposed to two very
opposite perils; on the one hand, to
the Prussian militarists who regard
the state as the only institution that
demands allegiance; on the other
hand, the cosmopolitan pacifists who
would destroy nationality altogether
and reduce all peoples of the world to
one indiscriminate unity.
Csseert ?f Ifatioas.
"There must be congruity in the
fundamental ideas among the mem
bers of a successful league of nations.
Th* congress of Alx la Chapelle.
which was brought to conclusion
exactly a century aso, was a most
perfect example of a working con
cert of the nations of Europe, but
that in the end failed."
Andrew Bonar law, chancellor of
the exchequer:
"One of the results must be to
make it plain that men who plunge
the world into fearful conflicts fo.
the sake of gain to themselves or
their country shall always be held
guilty of bloodshed.
"That, perhaps, is the greatest
feature of all that will be aimed at
in the league of nations, the whole
object of which will be to make a
recurrence of such a war impossi
ble toraver." ,?
Sir Donald MacLean. member of
parliament from South Midlothian:
"The only hope of securing the
ideal that this war will be the last
will be the establishment of a
league of nations, backed by suffi
cient force to insure that In the
? adjustment of international difler
I eiices the rights of the weak shall
have an equal place with the
I claims of the strong.
"Difficult work and dangerous
} times lie ahead of the nations. Such
i a league easily can fail its purpose
I unless great sincerity in support is
given by the most powerful na
tions."
Lebanon Safe (or
British Travelers
I Balbeek.?Traveling over forty miles
of mountain road in Lebanon into
I Balbeek, a party of English travelers
; saw not a British soldier, yet found
| everywhere warm welcome from the
Inhabitants and safe passage
The march of Allenby's forces north
| from Damascus had wrought a great
change not only with the people who
came in contact with the army, but
j far back into the mountains. Balbeek
j welcomed the British forces through
Its mayor heartily and improvised a
band of half a dozen old instruments
j to play "God Save the King." Then
a party of young girls sang an ode
j of welcome.
ELECTION MAIL LIMITED.
j London.?Each candidate at the
j forthcoming general election is limited
to one free postal communication, not
exceeding two ounces in weight to
each registered elector in his constitu
ency.
An Analysis of War's Effect on
American Shipbuilding
By HENRY ?. SEABORN,
Vice President Skinner & Eddy Corporation. Seattle. Wash.
In 1514. prior to the outbreak of the war, the normal tonnage of
the world stood roughly at 50,000,000 gross tons. At that time the
United States owned about 2,500,000 tons, of which, however, only
500,000 tons constituted our deep sea tonnage.
England owned a little in excess of 22,000,000 tons, or nearly one
half of the world's gross tonnage.
When war was declared between the United States and Germany,
vessels under construction were commandeered, numbering about 426
ships of various sizes.
We also seized from Germany and Austria 118 vessels and char
tered 215 from neutral nations. Since that time we ordered constructed
in China about 80,000 tons and in Japan 250,000 tons. We also made
arrangements to use the German vessels commandeered by South
American countries.
The total gross tonnage now under the American flag is nearly
5,000,000 tons.
Destruction by submarine warfare, other causes incident to war,
and depletion by ravages of the sea amount to about 20,000,000 gross
tons during the period of the war.
The United States has constructed approximately S.000,000 gross
tons, including vessels commandeered under construction at the out
break of hostilities. Sngland in 1915 produced 651,000 tons; In 1916,
542,000 tons and in 1917 slightly more than 1,009,000 tons, and this
year will probably produce about 2,000,000 tons. Thus dfce will have
contributed new tonnage a little in excess of 4,000,000 gross tons.
Japan, Italy and neutral countries have probably built in the neigh
borhood of 1.000,000 gross tons, so the net loss in the world'^s tonnage
is about 12,000,000 gross tons, after deducting renewals.
If the war had not intervened and shipping had followed the usual
expansion, there probably would be afloat today about 58,000,000 tons.
The world, therefore, is short about 20,000,000 gross tons to care for
normal sea-borne trade.
In the ante-bellum days England, then with 22,000,000 tons of
shipping, kept a vast army of men engaged in the extensions and re
newals of her merchant marine. Viewing the ambitious program
which Mr. Hurley has outlined, of 25,000,000 dead-weight tons for thia
country, and which, without doubt, will be carried into effect, we can
look forward to continued activities in the shipyards of this country
in order to maintain such a fleet.
I
"Heroic effort, of which the United
States ia now perfectly capable, can
keep this country a good second to
'the British navy, if the Peace Con
gress does not put limitations on
future naval construction."
This statement was made last night
by a navy official who has gone
over the original and the new pro
gram of Secretary of the Navy Dan
iels with respect to super-Dread
noughts and battle cruisers.
There are thirty-two of these con
templated by the Navy Department
and that figure will enter into the
plan which Congress has aj?ked from
the Navy Department. The object
of Congress is to get figures on which
it will be able to determine for itself
what is the present and probable fu
ture relative strength of the prin
cipal maritime nations of the world.
In arriving at conclusions it is a
naval maxim that the relative
strength will depend on the number
of vessels of the up-to-date class
each nation possesses. The up-to-date
class includes the Dreadnought and
super-Dreadnought types. Such ves
sels are the criterion of a nation's
naval power nowadays.
According to estimates here, the
super-Dreadnought strength of the
I United States is 15; of Great Britain,
"more than 30;" of France, 12, and of
| Japan. 12. The great double-capital
ship program announced by Secretary
Daniels, according to the experts, will
I give the United . State* Jaatween the
I years 1923 and 1925 thirty-two new first
rate, modern ships, twenty-nine of
which will probably be better than
the New Mexico and twelve of which
will be of a battle cruiser type of a
[purely American design which will be
in most respects the equivalent of
, super-Dreadnoughts with a thirty
I five-knot speed.
No one here is able to say or even
predict how many of the super
Dreadnought class Great Britain
will add to her battleship fleet of
more than thirty by the time Secre
tary Daniels' program railing for
1600.000.000 expenditures in three
years is completed.
Reports have come here through,
diplomatic and cable stories to the
effect that Great Britain, notwith
standing the stre?p of the war. has
already added twenty-one modern
ships to her fighting strength. The
story, however, is discredited as In
credible by United States navy ex
perts.
Nor is it known what Is the Jap
anese program, but it is believed slip
will concentrate on battle cruisers,
which will have the same 16-inch
main battery guns as the United
States battle cruisers. The battle
cruiser type of ship is something
new in the American navy, although
Great Britain and Japan have sev
eral. Two of Japan's best battle
cruisers were built in England.
The figures of the great powers on
naval construction when the tear of
) 1914 broke out, showing their building
plans for that year, follow:
I Total war tonnage of Great Britain
plus what she intended to build. 2,714.
106; Germany. 1,306.577; France. 899,
915; United States. 894.889.
Great Britain's policy at that time
j was to have a navy superior to the
combined strength of the two greatest
| warship tonnage nations. Germany
[and France.
The figures, however, show that,
with Germany eliminated, the United
States holds the second place. She
now clearly has created a vast deal of
tonnage. The distribution of the ships
DRINK MORE WATER
IF KIDNEYS BOTHER
East less meat and take Salts for
Backache or Bladder
Uric acid in meat excites the kid
neys, they become overworked; get
sluggish, ache, and feel like lumps of
lead. The urine becomes cloudy; the
bladder is irritated, and you may be
obl&ed to seek relief two or three
times during the night. When the
kidneys clog you must help them flush
off the body's urinous waste or you'll
be a real sick person shortly. At first
you feel a dull misery in the kidney
region, you suffer from backache, sick
headache, dizziness, stomach gets
sour, tongue coated and you feel
rheumatic twinges when the weather
is bad.
Eat less meat, drink lots of water;1
also get from any pharmacist four
ounces of Jad Salts; take a table
spoonful In a glass of water before
breakfast for a few days and your
kidneys will then act fine. This fa-!
mous salts is made from the acid of
grapes and lemon Juice, combined with
lithla, and has been, used for genera- j
tlons to clean clogged kidneys and
stimulate them to normal activity,
also *o neutralize the acids in urine,
so it no longer is a source of irrita
tion, thus ending bladder weakness.
Jad Salts ia lnexi*nstve. cannot in
jure; makes a delightful effervescent
lithia-water drink which everyone
should take now and then to keep the
kidneys clean and active. Druggists
here say they Ml) lota of Jad Salts to
folk* who believe in overcoming kid
ney trouble while it is only trouble.?
Ad?t
trouble.
taken from Germany, if divided among
the allies equitably, will not material
ly affect the relative atrcngth of the
nations In question.
The navy expert# say that the lea
son of the relative strength which
Congress will get la that there must
be no interference with the thirty-two
capital ship program of Secretary
Daniels. On the contrary, they say
that the mind of f'ongress should be
kept open a* to any extraordinary con
struction addition to this which the
developments of the Peace Congress
may imperatively demand.
It Is made plain by the navy ex
perts that the United States in not
making a, program with reference to
the strenjfth of any other nation or
group of nations, but is trying to ex
pedite the naval construction in pro
portion of time and strength to the
place the I'nited States now holds
among world powers and more es
pecially In proportion to its future
commerce.
SINGS PRAISES
OF ARMY MESS
|
"Universally Satisfactory," I
Report of Inspector
General Declares.
The "mesa" of the American soldier
both in camp and overseas ia particu
larly commended in the annual re
port of the Inspector General of the
army made public yesterday. The
food aerved ia reported to have been
universally aatiafactorv.
The improvement in "roeaalng."
which ia the military' term for feeding
the enliated man. ainoe the days of
the Spaniah-American war. have been
very marked The Inapector General
reported that in the personaJ exami
nation of more than 300,000 aoldier*
aince the war beKan. he did not re
oe've a single complaint againat the
food.
The report admit* there haa been
complaint about aome of the clothing
lamied. particularly woolen uniforma.
cenvaaa leggings and hata; alao the
olive-drab ahirta were aaid to be far
from uniform. The defecta were reme
died a* far aa possible upon detection. J
i tearing upon the discipline of the .
troop*, the report aays there appears
| to have been much alackneaa among |
| the new troopa in the matter of sa
luting, but that few aerioua offenaea
v ere recorded
A* to the trans-Atlantic tranaport
service, the Inapector General aaya th
comfort and protection of the men
were carefully air! aeduloualy guard
ed. He adda that the supplies of
equipment at the pointa of embarka
tion appear to nave been ample and
that the troopa were generally fully
and properly outfitted.
Ofllcra of the Inapector General's
office were on duty at all the Ameri
can camp*, and with the diviaiona and
other organisations abroad. Inspec
tlona were made and complete report*
I flled with respect to every branch
[ of the service.
.
Rupprecht's Cook Is
His Guest at Dinner
Ijille.?Inhabitant* of Lille, who went
through the German occupation, tell
thia story of Prince Rupprecht of Ba- j
varia. He had discovered a pood cook j
in Ulle. He decided that she should
serve the dinner she had prepared. She |
was provided with court gown and sat j
at hia aide through the dinner and the
concert that followed. *nd all Rup- i
precht'a itueata were asked to shake
her hand aa they left.
BRAZIL FEEDING EUROPE.
Rio de Janeiro.?Brazil, which be
fore the war exported no frozen
meats, is now sending 80,000 tons
annually to Europe.
DRESSING AND DANCING
IS TANKS' CHOICE NOW
One-Step Goes Strong in BiUets it
Soldien Rest.
Ixtndon Interesting contruU sre
found In the way In which, milled aol
ftors billeted together spend their
leisure hour*
The Frenchman, riven time off. en
Joys moat %o lean against & doorway,
cigarette in hand, and watch the vil
lage maidens.
The Ansae puff* a pipe while he
stand* against a door with leg a
croaaed. and. at intervale, offers a
laconic remark.
The Scot will ait for hours, with
leg* straight in front of him oo the
ground, arguing any question from
any angle.
The Yank prefers to sit on a door
step and eat nuts or listen to a hand
concert No matter how weary, he'll
run from a doorway to one-step on
the pavement when u popular selec
tion is played.
"Dressing up" ai.d parading on the
streets, as though in a minstrel show
is another of his diversions
Britais May Continue
Saving Certificates
1 on don -Peaoe sevmg or reconstruc
tion Certificates are likely te succeed
the msr earing cfrttftcaies of Great
Britain
Sir Kotosrt Kindersley. chairman of
the national war savings committee,
saye there Is a umvereal demand of
workers for making national saving
permanent Through echoo] as
sociations formed during the war tt Is
planned to develop a wider knowledge
of economic problem*
FILLED WATCH,
$9.00
quality JEWELRY CO.,
4M Mi St N. W.
The Ford Motor Company Have Re
sumed the Manufacture of Pleasure Cars.
Now Is the Time to Place Your Order
Bo not put it off and be disappointed, a? you were last vear.
Our terms are especially attractive, and it will be well worth
your while to investigate our proposition.
We have just received a carload of parts and can supply
your wants.
IMMEDIATE DELIVERY
On One-Ton Tracks Complete with Body.
HILL & TIBBITTS
1407 H Street N. W. Phones Main 6631 and 9388
fc*eryibi?* tmr tfce Teed Owser
You Can Get
WHITE TRUCKS
Again!
FOR months withdrawn from commercial service to
supply our armies, White Trucks are again obtainable
by commercial users.
As the urgency of government demands has decreased, the
company is now in a position to begin making shipments of
the ?2-ton model ?adopted as the standard U. S. Army
truck of this capacity.
Shipments of this model can begin immediately because,
in meeting the government's demand for standard White
production, the company had ample material in the factory*.
Shipments of other models will follow as rapidly as mate
rials can be secured in quantity and put in production. The
?M-ton model, soon to be available, will be followed by heavy
duty trucks of three and five tons capacity with Double
Reduction Gear Drive.
Unrestricted deliveries can be made to all industries.
THE WHITE COMPANY
CLEVELAND
WASHINGTON. Southern Building.

xml | txt