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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 20, 1918, Image 1

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THE WASHINGTON HERALD
ONE CENT
NO. 4438.
AIMS CHARGES
AT BURLESON
ON AERO MAILj
B. B. Lipsner, Former P. 0.
Chief, Demands Congress
ional Inquiry
CITES BIG EXPENDITURE
____
Postal Chief Has Financial
Interest in Airplane Fac?
tory Is Claim . .
A letter from B. B. Lipsner.
former chief of the Aerial Mail |
8?rvlce of the Postofflce Department, j
making a series of grave charges |
against Postmaster General's man- |
agement of the service. was filed In J
the Senate yesterday by Senator
Sherman, to whom the letter was ,
addressed. " |
Lipsner makes the charge that
Otto Praeger. Second Assistant Post
master General, told him that Po8*~ ;
master General Burleson was n
nancially interested in the^ Glenn i
Martin Airplane Company, of Cieve-j
land. Ohio. He charges that the,
department is spending millions of
dollars in constructing "P*50.1*11
planes for carrying the malls, in
stead of utilising the P1*0**
hare been turned over by the war^
Department.
The charge is also made that In
competent men have been placed in
charge of the aeroplane service unde>
Postmaster General Burleson s d'rec
tion. and that the death of an
and the serious injury of another last .
Monday are directly attributable to
the incompetence of men selected py
the Postmaster General to assist him.
Lipsner makes a formal demand for
an Investigation by Congress of his
charges and asserts he can present
documentary proof of his statements. ,
Postmaster General Burleson de-|
clined to make any comment on the
Lipsner charges. I
Lipsner resigned recently from tne
aerial mail service on account of;
differences wltli the Postmaster Gen- |
eral. In his letter of resignation |
he declared that there had come
to his attention "apparent efforts
made by reprasentativs of crtain air- |
craft manufacturers and the Manu
facturers' Aircraft Association to
have the Postofflce Department spend
tens of thousands of dollars unneces
sarily in constructing special air
plMie's for mail-carrying and involv
ing expensive alterations on the mili
tary airplanes which the War De
partment has turned over to the Post
office Department '. Mr. Burleson
denied these statements, and Lipsner
repltee to the denial by making the
following assertions In his letter to
Senay>r Sherman
tfcarges lm Letter.
"1. J. B. Corriden. now superin
tendent of the Division of Railway
'Adjustments, has been made super
visor of the aerial mail. He has had
absolutely no aircraft experience
'1. Dr. L. J. Busslar. formerly a
Jl 000-a-year follow-up clerk in my
office, has been made chief of section
of maintenance. He is not an en
gineer. . .L.
J. J Clark Edgerton. son of the
purchasing agent of the Postofflce De
partment. and a former aviation lieu
tenant in the army, has been made
chief of section on flying, which In
cludes testing, experiments and con
trol of flying. He is only 21 years old.
"4. For aerial mail division superin
COST1SCZD ON PAGE THREE
Forty Autos
\ Ruined In
Garage Fire
R
Mount Pleasant Theater
Crowds Watch Blaze De
stroy Building and Ma
chines; $70,000 Damage
Forty automobiles, owned by resi
dents of Mount Pleasant, were de
#tro>ed last night in a two-alarm fire
which broke out in a one-story pa
rage at Columbia Road and Thir
teenth street northwest. Damage is
estimated at 170.000.
The cause of the fire is thought to
have been due to crossed wires In
one of the cars.
The burned building, which adjoined
a new three-story garage, had been
used as a garage for years and its
tioop was saturated with gasoline, oil
and grease.
A few minutes after the fire was
discovered the entire structure was
a mass of flames. Preventive mea
, sures executed immediately after the
arrival of Fir? Chief Wagner were
responsible for the confinement of the
R fire.
Crowds from the Knickerbock The
ater. located in the same block, jam
med the street, and police were forced
to establish lines in order to allow
firemen free room in which to fight
the flames.
Battalion Chief Timothy Donohoe.
was Mlightly injured by stumbling
over a pile of lumber. The burned
structure wag leased by C. TL. Bur
roughs, manager of the Mount Pleas
ant GaTage.
President's Name Cheered,
The Belgian parliament cheered
wildly at the mention of President
Wilson's name, according to advices
from Minister Brand Whit lock at
Brussels The demonstration was in
honor of America.
Influenza in Children's Home.
Richmond. Va.. Dec. 19.?Spanish
influenza is running amuck in a
home for children, conducted by the
Childrens' Home Society here. Six
teen cases have developed in the
last two days
Great-grandmother Takes Husband
. New Tork. Dec. IS.?Mrs. W. W.|
Lorlng. 70. a great-grandmother, to
day is the bride of Lewis A. Art
falk. 66. They are the oldest couple ,
ever married in the office of the city,
clerk. - J
r
I
So Says President of Na
tional Security Organiza
tion Before Probers.
JOHN D. GAVE $25,000
$100,000 from Carnegie to
fight "Pro-German"
Legislators.
' The National Security League spent
i ?>,995.68 during the recent campaign
in an effort to defeat members of
Congress considered disloyal, accortl
ing. to its standards. This light on
the incumbents was made without
any effort to learn whether the men
who it was desired to have succeed
them wye antagonistic to the na
tion's war program or whether they
measured up to the league's "acta
test."
These admissions were made by Col.
Charles E. Lydecker, president of the
league, at the opening yesterday of
the Congressional investigation into
political activities of the league.
The cost of conducting the league's
affairs during the tlscal year ending
August 31. 1918, was *28,018.42. The
largest contributions were *P<0,000 from
the Carnegie Corporation and *25.000
from John D. Rockefeller. The league
has coming to it another donation
of J50.CC0 authorized by the ^arnegie
I Corporation.
President Lydecker claimed his or
I ganization wats successful in secur
| ing the defeat of sortie pro-German
| representatives.
"I don't want to mention any
I names." he raid, "but 1 would have
! been sorely fiistippointed to tee re
turned some of the member* of Con
gress who were pro-German. Their
I constituents evidentiy felt the same
i way. They were defeated through
cur efforts to effect fusions against I
them in their disnkrts. I
"Certain of the members made i
speeches on the floor which were
far from acceptable to the Amer-1
ican spirit."
Col. Lydecker was questioned at
I great length regarding the "acid test"
j chart which the league prepared and
distributed during the campaign un-<
der the caption, "What are you going
to do about it?" This chart gave
the votes in the Hou?e on eight nre
paredne** and war measures and in
a tabulated fcnr.lysis pointed out how
the Representatives had voted
'*wrong."
Members of the House charge that
this chart accuses 9o per cent of the
Congressmen with disloyalty, al
OONTINCED ON PACE THREE
SECOND CLASS
RATES REDUCED
Senate Votes to Lower Pos
tal Charges on Papers and
Other Publications.
The new postal rates for second
class matter proposed by the Senate
Finance Committee as part of the
revenue bill were adopted by the Sen
ate yesterday by the vote of 34 to 22.
The vote was taken after Senator Mfc
Kellar had made an unsuccessful at-'
tempt to-pat through an amendment j
raising the rates far above those pro
posed by the committee and greatly!
in excess of the rates now charged. J
Under the rates adopted by the Sen-|
ate the charge on second-cfWss mat
ter. including newspapers, magazines,
and similar publications, will be 1
cent per pound inside the first zone,
and 1^ cents ptnr pound for all other
zones.
CompariHOR of Rates.
The rates now in effect and those
proposed by Senator McKellar are as i
follows :
McKellar I
Amendment, j
1 cent )
1% cents
2 cents
3 cents
4 cents
5 cents j
6 cents
War T^ade Board Will
Release Business Jan. 1
Formal announcement was made j
yesterday by the War Industries
Board that all priority restrictions'
and directions ordered by the board
I. wbC lifted January 1. Practically
all have already been released, tho
few remaining being for the Navy
Department, the Shipping Board and
certain public utilities.
The War Industries Board again
seek* to make it cle?r to the cquntry
nat it is releasing all control of in
dustry on the first of the year, after
?# lt.e*Pecta business to handle
"self as in normal times.
Civil Service Jobs
Under Old Regulations
The Federal civil Service will no
longer be open to persons from fami
lies of which there are already two
members employed by the govern
ment- Persons recently employed
through the lifting of the ban on
such employment, however, will re
main in the service.
President Wilson has rescinded his
order of October 2S which permitted
the employment In the Civil Service
of persons who already had two or
more members of their family In the
employ of the government.
More Croat-Italian Trouble.
? J*0!?6!, Dec* 18 ~~Relations between
the Italians and Croate are growing
more strained, according to the
Fiume correspondent of the Tribuna.
Zone. Present Law.
1st and 2nd 1*4 cents
3rd 1% cents
4th 2 cents
5th 2% cents
?th 2^ cents
"th 3 cents
Sth 314 cent?
Facilities Not Snfficient
For Australian Troops
\ .
Montreal. D*?- IS?Australian
troops will not be permitted to cross
Canada en route for Australia. The
Canadian-Pacific War Board declar
ed today that transportation facil
ities are adeuuate only for the de
moblllxatlon plans of Canada's own
troops and that it must absolutely
decline to permK Australian troops
to cross Canada In the near future.
The board added, however, that if
the Australians wait until all Can
andians have been repatriated,
transportation then will be cheeT
fully accorded.
U. SrSinks 3
U-Boats Near
End of War
British Convoy Lost in Sea
Battle with Heavy Cas
ualties, Returning Offi
cers Report.
riew York. Dec. 19,-Three of live
Cierman submarines attacking an
American transport were sunk in the
Mediterranean by American destroy
ers two days prior to the armlatice
signing, it was revealed today *h?"
officers of the transport, the Biaca
Arrow, arrived here. One of the om
cere said: Q
??We were attacked on November
off the African coast, near Tangier*,
by five submarines, the nearest being
ttve miles distant when first sighted.
H. M. S. Brittania. convoying us. came
in between us when th^ distance from |
us to the submarine had been reduced
to three-fourths of a mile.
"The submarines sank th'e Brittania
and we made off at top speed, sending
8. O. S. calls for help. American de
stroyers Joined us and gave battle to
the submarines, sinking three with
depth bombs. The other two escaped.
The casualties on the Brittannia must
have been jreat for many bodies were
piled up on shore. A destroyer came
Into Gibraltar with her decks piled
with British dead."
FELTON RESIGNS
RAILWAY POST!
Directed American Rail
ways in France; May
Succeed McAdoo.
M. Feltori. Director General of
Military Railways, who directed the
vast system of American railways In
France, has tendered his resignation,
I effective December 31.
While it was. announced here yes
terday that Mr. Felton will return
| to his work as president of the Chi
cago Great Western Railway, it is
understood that his name has been
suggested to the President.In connec
f tion with the still unnamed successor
to Director General McAdoo.
The' resignations of the two men be
come effective at the same time, ex
cept that the letter has indicated his
willingness to remain a few days after
the first, if necessary.
DlsUnct color Is given to the report
that Mr. Felton may succeed Mr. Mc
Adoo by the quality and importance
of the work Mr. Felton has done.
He had charge of the organization
and dispatch abroad of all railway
forces, and the purchase of all rail
way material for the American Ex
peditionary Forces. Prior to this
work Mr. Felton was consulting en
gines and railway advisor to Chief
I of Engineers Gen. Black since June
|24. ISM. ,
The appointment to the latter post
was the result of recommendations by
a committee of five engineering so
cieties for the best men to organize
a possible expedition into Mexico,
i Mr. Felton, as Director General of
i Military Railways. \has purchased
supplies and materials amounting to
$7C0,000,000, of which J400.000.000 was.the
American-built rolling stock. He or
ganized 75,000 railway troops, of which
63.344 men and 1.610 officers have been
sent abroad, while 12,000 more were
ready to go when the armistice was
signed.
This force comprised every phase of
railway employment. The extent of
the equipment involved is indicated
by the fact that 4,835 locomotives
were purehased and 1.589 shipped to
France; 100,000 freight cars were pur
chased and 21,000 shipped abroad, be
sides enough steel rails to lay ",500
| miles of track.
ILLINOIS GRADE MEETS.
Women, in Get Together Session,
Sing Old College Songs.
A get-together pieeting of the wom
en graduates of the University of Illi
nois was held last night at the home
of Miss Lrfiura Verran in Stoneleigh;
Courts.
Many Washington women graduates
of the university were present. Miss |
Verran served lunchieon. University,
songs were sung and Miss Verran i
gave a short talk.
LAND FOR KEY BRIDGE.,
War Department Will Take Imme
diate Possession.
All necessary judicial proceedings J
having been completed, the Secretary
of War, acting upon the advice of the
Attorney General, has arranged to
take Immediate possession of the land
south of Mstreet and w*-st of Thirty-I
fourth street for use in building the
approach to the Key bridge across the i
Potomac River.
The land was acquired by condem- j
nation proceedings.
RECONSTRUCTION HIS TOPIC.
Former Senator Scott Addresses
Colorado Society Meeting.
Former Senator Scott was the prin
cipal speaker last night at a meeting
of the Colorado Society held in the
Thompson School, Twelfth and L
streets northwest ,
Senator Scott spoke at length on the
reconstruction problems confronting
the United States. Mrs. Flora McGllI
Keefer sang several aongs which
| brought mpch applause. ? i
PLAN TO 'SCRAP'
BOGHE WARSHIPS
ROUSES SENATE
Lodge Demands to Know
the Authority for Such
a Proposal.
MUST BE APPORTIONED
Other Solons Join in Con
demnation of Idea Credit
ed to Peace Delegates.
Cabled news to the effect that the
American peace delegates support
the proposal that the warships j
seised from Germany should be
"scrapped" yesterday aroused the
ire of a number of Senators.
i Senator Lodge, ranking Republic
an menber of the Foreign Relations
I Committee, presented a resolution in
the Senate demanding to know of
tile State Department whether this
j is a correct statement of the posi
tion to be taken by the American
i delegates.
| The resolution direct* that the
Secretary of State "inform the Sen
I ate whether J.he report that -the
peace delegates of the United States
at Paris are advocating the destruc
tion of the shtps of war surrendered
to the allies and to the United States
I is correct and, if so, by what au
thority the delegates to the Peace
Conference are demanding the de
struction of enemy property In part
surrendered to the United States."
Will Address geiate.
j Senatof Lodge said that he intend
i ed to address the Senate on the
subject of the resolution in a few j
S days, or as soon as the revenue bill
I has been disposed of.
In an interview Senator Lodge
said :
"It is my intention to hav? dis
closed the exact source of this al
leged movement for the destruction
of ^he surrendered German fleet,
and for this reason the resolution
is directed to the Acting Secretary
of State. Clearly the ships of the |
German navy are the property of I
the victor nations. It is interest
ing to know under what authority
the delegates to the peace confer
ence may assume to be acting in
proposing the destruction of the
property of the United States. j
"The ships should be apportioned
among the nations which have par
ticipated in the protection of the
commerce of the world and who,
through their persistent mainten
ance of the cordon whicl\ held tltese
smps at their bases ultimately cow
pelJed -their surrender w^out fir
ing ft shot. The German naval ves
sels are of modern type, particular
ly the submarines which undoubted
ly are of the latest type, in most in
stances. But they are all modern |
warships and the suggestion of their |
being sunk is one of a childish and j
idle waste of highly valuable prop- .
; erty. * *' ,
"Naturally in the apportionment ,
of the surrendered fleet England <
would get the Hon s share. but j
France and Italy and the United j
States have a property right in the
fleet."
1 nbelievable. He *ay?.
Senator Harding, of Ohio, who is j
I a member of the Naval Affairs Com- J
' mittee. as is Senator Lodge, said the|
I proposition was "unbelievable." and ^
Senator Penrose, of Pennsylvania, also i
Ja member of the committee, said:
1 "The proposition is ridiculous. I j
I cannot imagine why any sane person
! should advocate it. Why should wa
destroy these vessels when we are |
I short of tonnage?"
1 Senator Borah, of Idaho, said:
/ "I am utterly opposed to such a
proposition. I do not believe th* ]
President ever approved it. In my
opinion, a plan of this kind could not
have been authorized by any respon
sible official. If the Germans owe thej
Allies and the United States money
it certaialy is not dishonorable to ta^ke
i their ships iri payment. They cannot
make full restitution in a thousand
years. Nothing sentimental should in
terfere with taking the ships on ac
count."
LEADER IN MEXICAN
REVOLT PLOT CAUGHT
Carranzistas Capture Zaragosa Af
ter Conference in U. S.
Laredo. Tex., Dec. 19.?Gen. Igna
cion Morelos Zaragosa. one of the
j leading spirits of the proposed co
; alition revolution against the Car
! ranza government was captured with
i a number of his followers yesterday
j by Carranzista troops near Amarillo
i in the Mexican state of Mexica Leon,
1 according to a message today. Gen.
I Garza, commander of the garrison
? at Nuevo Larfcdo. announced he had
! received a telegram giving details
of the capture.
i Zaragosa, who was an adherent of j
| the Diaz and Huerta regimes, had
1 allied himself with Felix Diaz. He
recently crossed into Mexico from
the American side, after conferring
with other revolutionists.
The prisoners will be taken to Mon
terey for trial.
All Serbian Parties
To Form New Ministry
Amsterdam, Dec. 19.?Nikola Pas
hitch has declined to accept the Ser
i bian premiership and the regent has
] summoned the leaders of all parties
to participate in formation of a new
I ministry, according to a dispatch to
' day from Agram. '
The dispatch said that the Serbian
social democrats have adopted a plat
form which includes creation of a
"United South Slavonia" elimination
of "all vestiges of feudalism" confls
j cation of church property and separa
' tfon of the church and state, universal
j suffrage. f ^
Penman Consul Ends Life.
San Francisco, Dec. 19.?Luis E.
i Calderon, Peruvian consul at San j
j Francisco, shot and killed himself in i
his rooms here today. No motive
I can be advanced for the act.
Czechs Take Tkree Towns.
Prague. Dec. 17.? (Delayed) ?
Czecho-Slovak forces have occupied
Grupich, Hekalsberg and Grusbach,
in Moravia.
HEARST ACTED
AS GO-BETWEEN,
BECKER THINKS
Attorney General Reveals
Bolo's Plot to Buy Paris
Journal.
BERNSTORFF GOT CASH
Traitor, Accompanied by
Ambassador, Often Visit
ed Publisher's Home.
Testimony tending to Implicate Will
iam Randolph Hearst a* to his deal
ings with Bolo Pasha in the United
States, was admitted as evidence after
a session of heated wrangling at yes
terday's hearing of the Senate Judici
ary subcommittee in charge of inves
tigating German propaganda in this
country.
Deputy Attorney General Becker, of
New York, testifying concerning tlus
investigations of the Bolo Pasha af
fair In this country and abroad, stated
that at the beginning he and his asso- I
elates thought It probable that Hearst {
had been the Intermediary through
whom the coming of Bolo to the Unit
ed States had been arranged.
In support of the theory connecting
Hearst with Bolo, Mr. Becker sub
mitted sworn statements made by at
tendants at the Hearst apartment
house to the effect that Bolo. fre
quently in the company of Count von
BernstorfT. had visited Hearst on num- J
erous occasions, and had repeatedly j
requested that he be permitted to go |
up to the Hearst apartment unan-1
nounced.
Bolo came to the United States early I
in 1916, Mr. Becker testified, with |
Charles F. Bertelll, Hearst representa- |
tive in Paris, and immediately was
introduced to Hearst by Bertelll. 1
Shortly after his arrival he managetf. |
through Adolph Pavenstadt, an en-1
thusiastic supporter of the German 1
cause in America, to Interest Count
von Bernstorff in the purchase of the j
Paris Journal, as a vehicle for the Ger- J
CONTINUED -ON PAGE ttVE.
TEN BILLION
DOLLARS SPENT
Cost of War to U. S. for
Five Months; Another ~
Loan, Says Glass.
The government has spent $0,600,
000.000 in Ave and a half months be
tween July 1 and December 16 anl |
nearly $:!.000.000,0ou in November.
Over Jl.000.000,000 has been spent
this month up to and including the
16th.
Thes* figures were announced
last night by Secretary of the Treas
ury Glass in a public statement "to
the American people" and particu
larly the liberty loan and war sav
ings stamp sales Organizations.
The proceeds of the last liberty
loan have all been spent, so far as
received. Secretary Glass says, and
what remains to be paid will be re
quired to meet maturing certificates
of indebtedness put out in antici
pation of the last loan.
Another Libfrty I.oan.
The Secretary announces his
agreement with the McAdoo policy
that the next liberty loan shal be
one of shoi^ maturity. He says it
wif be a large one and come before
the end of the fiscal year.
Continued sale of war savings
stamps and certificates in an ener
getic way is regarded by Mr. Glass
as vitally important, and he urges
the public not to relax into old
habits of wasteful expenditure. He
also points to the necessity of hold
ing government securities and not
exchanging them for others of
doubtful *value.
More Work to be Done. *
The liberty loan and war savings
organizations are asked to remain
Intact until the work of government
financing is completed.
"Our men on the other side have
their work before them aod so have
we," he says. "They will not leave
until the task is fully accomplished,
nor shall we.
"I am suie then that the Treasury
Department can. with confidence, of
fer another liberty loan, and con
tinue the sale of war savings cer
tificates knowing that the organisa
tions will respond once more to the
call for service and will at once pre
pare the ground and sow the seed
so the harvest may be abundantly
fruitful."
BACK FROM FIGHTING FRONT.
Lieut. Johnson Visits House and
Receives Home "Pbwn Welcome.
A real fighting representative?.
one who believed that fighting with
a rifle was more necessary than
fighting with words?came bacfc to
the House today, and was given a
regular old home-town welcome.
. .He was Lieut. Royal Johnson, at
tired in his overseas uniform. John
son enlisted as a private, but just
before sailing for France was com
missioned.
Mexican Bandits
Rob American Oil
Company of $5000
Tampico, Mexico. Dec. 19.?Ban
dits armed with heavy rifles today
raided the Panuco terminal office
of the Trans-continental Oil?Com
pany, a subsidiary of the Standard
Oil Company, and robbed Thomas
Hulhern, superintendent, of 15,000.
The chief of the gang gave a re
ceipt, saying the sum was needed
for a revolution just "starting in
Mexico.
U. S. Flier Shot by Huns
After Armistice Pact
Copenhagen, Dec. 19.?Murder of a
young American aviator by German
prison guard*, after the armistice wan
signed, was reported here today.
"A young American aviator named
Coheeny, who wa* a prisoner in a
camp near Stralsund. went outside th*?
barbed wire enclosure about 7 o'clock
in the evening of December 5." a j
British officer declared during an in- |
terview regarding internal conditions, i
published in the Koeb^hhaven.
"The German guard shot him dead,
despite the fact that the armistice
had been signed. Coheeny was about
27 years old.'
?
Lawyer Held j
Under Enemy
Trading Act
Accused of Disguising 'Sale'
of Capital Stock in "Dr.
Jaeger's Woolen System
Company."
New York. Dec. 19.-T. Ellett Hodg
son. of Brooklyn, a corporation law
yer. was arrested today and held in
$6,000 bail on a Washington indict
ment in which he is charged with .
violating the trading with the enemy
act.
The specific charge, made by Assist- I
ant Federal Attorney Harper was j
that Hodgson concealed from the j
Alien Property Custodian the fact that J
he held In his possession and control
certain German-owned property. The (
property alleged to t^ve been so con- i
cealed consisted, according to the in
dictment. some of the capital stock'
of the Dr. Jaeger's Sanitary Woolen
System Company, said to be a Ger
man-owned corporation.
?Hodgson was charged by the Alien
Property Custodian last summer with
having attempted to disguise the Ger
man ownership of the corporation by
aiding in a "sale" of the property.
Besides having offices in Brooklyn.
Hodgson is a member of the law firm
of Wingate & Cullen, of Manhattan.
The indictment against Hodgson was
rei>orted in Washington last Monday.
The persons for whom it is alleged
Hodgson controlled stock in Dr. Jae
ger's company are Wilhelm. Heinrick
and Louise Benger, who reside In Ger
many and do business under the name
of Wilhelm Benger Sohne.
John B. Eastman Named
Member of the 1. C. C.
? ? . . ? ;?r
The nomination of Joseph B. East-)
' mail, of Massachusetts, to be a mem
ber off tlfe Interstate Commerce
?Commission was sent to the Senate!
yesterday. The appointment is to j
fill the place of Commissioner!
George W. Anderson, resigned.
Mr. Eastman is a member of the.
Public Service Commission and pres
ident of the Public Franchise!
League of Massachusetts. He Is a
Republican.
23,000 ELECTRIC
WORKERS STRIKE
Company Refuses to Rec
ognize Union Policy;
Walkout Follows.
Schenectady, N". Y.. Dec. 19.?A
I synipathettL- strike w as declared to
| day by 23^00 employes of the Gen
| eral Electric Company, who walked
J out to display their sympathy with
j the strikers of the company's plant
I at Erie.
Refusal by^the company to recog
I nise their union and the alleged dis
! charge of ten men at Erie were giv
! en by the strikers as their reason
j for quitting. Company officials de
j clared the claims untrue. Retrench
j wient became a necessity, they said,
when $24,000,000 in war contract?
were cancelled following the sign
I ing of the armistice.
I
I Pittsfield. Mass.. Dec. 19.?About
j 4.500 of the 6.000 General Electric
j Company employes here today quit
?work in sympathy with the Erie
| strike.
j Fort Wayne. Ind.. Dec. 19.?Be
f tween 2.500 and 3.000 General Elec
! trie -Company employes walked out
Itoday joining in the movement for
! a general strike among the com
j pany's workers.
British Labor Parties
Want League of Nations
London. Dec. 19.?The trade union
congress and labor party jointly de
cided late today to fiold nation-wide
demonstrations on January 5 In Lon
don, Glasgow. Cardiff and other big
cities advocating immediate establish
ment of a league of nations.
Resolutions will be submitted at
meetings of the two organizations
favoring disarmament at sea and on
: land.
/
Y. W. C. A. XMAS IN FRANCE.
I Girls Commandeer Many Treet and
Prepare Fete.
j Paris, Dev. 19 ?Christmas greens,
j holly and Christmas trees are being
i commandeered by the American Y.
: W. C. A. throughout France prepara
j tory to a big Christmas peace celebra
tion in all Y. W. C. A. centers.
Hundreds of American girls and
j American soldiers have been invited
to attend the Christmas party at the
Hotel Petrograd, the largest Y. W.
| C. A. hostess house in Paris.
Ireland WiO Invite Wilton.
Dublin, Dec. 19.?Lord Mayor
O'Neill today called a mass meeting
for next Sunday for a public invita
tion to President Wilson to visit Ire
land.
March Gets Arjo? Crow.
General March, chief of staff, has
been awarded the Argos Oon of
Georfte Flrat by the Kins of Qreece,
It *!? announced yesterday.
WILSON'S POWER GROWS
AS PEACE PARLEY NEAR!
I
Despite Reactionary Prop
aganda in America, Chief
Executive Holds High
Place Among French Po
litical Factions; Plans
Straight Course.
Paris, Dec. 19.?Actual discussion of
the American peace term* ia virtually
un#r way.
President Wllaon is greatly irritated
over a story which appeared in the
Chicago Tribune to the effect that he
favors the league to enforce peace
plafis. He has made it clear thai he ,
has always favored the formation of j
a league of nations and is determined ;
to do all in his power to make it a j
part of the treaty of peace.
The President adheres to this at-1
titude in the face of the news of Ben- 1
ator Knox's resolution against a j
league of nations which is printed :
prominently in the Echo de Paris.
There is evidence here that the re
actionary' propaganda in America is !
embarrassing the President in his 1
work for peace. It is clear that the '
President intends to follow a straight
course on his fourteen points.
It is uncertain juat what effect Che I
Washington dispatches prominently 1
featuring the utterances of Senator*!
Lodge and Knox will have.
Certain It is. however, that Mr. 1
Wilson'* popularity with the French j
people is great enough to render harm- j
less efforts to cauae mischief.
Talks with Frenchmen of all walks j
of life show that the President s
strength is growing. There are a few '
papers here that mildly question j
America's purposes. Support of the
President i?, however, warm and nv !
tion-wide.
Wilson earnestly desires to maintain j
and strengthen the friendship be-1
tween America and France, people and I
governments. j
However, no one can forecast the j
effect upon the delicate balance or
the French political situation of what
is to take place, when, or before all
governments sit around the peace
table.
Preliminary Peace
Parleys Will Follow
War Council's Form
P is. Dec. 19.?Pans for the pre-1
liminary peac#? conference will be 1
worked out in the same manner
as was done for the sittings of
the Supreme War Council at Ver
sa! lea, it was learned late ton ^lM
from a member 9f the American
.peace delegation.
The Amelrcan delegates will, so
far as possible, hold daily meeting
with President Wilson and confer
upon matters concem'ng the United
States.
Meantime as was evidenced todsv,
the American commissioners will
see th* representatives of t|?e other
countries an dtak things over gen
ially. Secertay of State Lansing
saw Premier Orlando of Italy this
afternoon.
It ii* eplained that in this man
net a general understanding will
be reached far more rapidly than
in ordisiarf circumstances, especial
ly if the conference were a bulky
affair, with "all the premiers and
delegates of the entente nations and
America sitting in one room.
The purpose of this procedure is
for America, Britain. France and
Italy, the four chief belligerent na
tions. to conaider the biggest prob
| ems in personal contact of the rep
resentative men.
"Cape Cod Turkey," Just
Plain Cod Fish, Is Sent
To Paris for President
Boston, Dec. 19?A "Cape Cod Tur
key"?just plain cod fish?was shipped
today to Paris for President Wilson's
New Year dinner. ?
The fish. which weighed 24 pounds,
was caught on the Georges Banks off
Cape Cod. It is the gift of L M.
Taylor, president of the East Cdist
Fisheries Company
Before shipping, the fish was glaxed
with "a heavy coating of ice and
packed in a specially prepared box.
It will leave New York on the French
liner La Torraine Saturday, arriving
in France the last day of the year.
Vanishes on Way to Wed;
Police Theory Murder
Wilmington, N. C., Dec. 19.?Local
police are investigating the seemingly
strange disappearance of L. B. Wil
lett. forty-five minutes before the time
set for his marriage to Miss Leoa
Griffith yesterday afternoon. Willett
called "Tils bride-elect on the phone at
4:15 and stated that he would be at
the church at 5 o'clock, but he failed
to appear.
It is the belief of the police that
Willett fell victim to foul play. *
DAVISON OFF FOR FRANCE.
Will Take .Part in Preliminary
Peace Conferences.
I New York, Dec: 19.?The White
Star Liner Adriatic sailed from New
(York for Liverpool, carrying more
j than 600 passengers.
Among them was H. P. Davison,
| head of the War Council of the
[American Red Cross, who is going
to Paris at President Wilson's re
uest to take part in the prelimi
nary peace conferences.
Bemitorff Loses Out
I Amsterdam. Dec. 19.?The idea 'of
appointing: Count Berpstorft to the
post of German foreign minister has
been abandoned, a Berlin dispatch
reported today.
TVrtattu German Evacuation.
Copenhagen. Dec. 19.?The Bolshe
vik advance In the Baltic provinces
is threatening the German with
1 drawal from Finland, a Berlin dis
patch announced today.
Scarlet Chevrons for Amy Men.
Two scarlet chevrons on the left
j sleeve of the uniform coat or over
coat will hereafter signify that the
! wearer has Iwn honorably di?
I chargad from the army.
*
Poincare and Distinguished
Party Greet King Em
manuel as Crowds Cheer
Heartily; Calls Up?a
President Wilson at Mn>
rat Residence.
''arl* Dec. IS.?Paris did the pro|Nf
thing by King Victor Emmanuel, at
Italy, and hi* aon, T'mberto. this
afternoon. A aalvo of gun* i 111 tij
the monarch and at the railway sta
tion he n? greeted by Presided# (
Poincare and a party of distinguish^
Frenchmen.
Crowds lined up along the ctrwta
cheered the King heartily. It
perhaps unfortunate that the Italiaa
tiller arrived so noon after Prt^ideat
Wilson.
However, from n political fund
Point the really Important arrival
were Baron Konnino. the Italian for
m,n'*ler- and Premier Orlando. I
The Premier's speech in .the Italia*
rr-rm ?fr*' d*y* a*? natin#
that the Italian armies could not yet
be demobilized, was taken as a ":rld
balloon" in connection with the peaoa
" arrW h<* ??* f"H?
the French press.
King Kzronsnuel called upon I'resi
dent Wilson this evening at the My rat
residence The monarch was nlr*.
duced to the President by Gen. Hi
Coalers with I'rralrr.
The President again conferred wit*
Premier (.lemenreau this inornMi
7"' ,wo *?* together for a full hour.
*r?"r Wilson consulted at Irngtk
with Col. House.
So numerous were the I'r-wdette
engagements for th. day that he wm
obliged to forego his usual outdoor
fiertiw The chi'f social function ?f
the day was the French academy re
ception at the Mazirm Palace
The President formally returned
Marshal Foch's visit. Mr. Wilson is
expected to go to London either De
cember T. or s. He plans to retura
to America in the first week of Kefc
I ruary. ? .
HOUSE SPEAKER
GILLETTS AIM
Claims Massachusetts Back*
?ng hi Contest Against Marm
for Dictatorship.
The opening guns of a hot fight
j among the Republicans over tho
; Speakership Cf th? next House wet*
I tired yesterday when Hepii s^ntstim
j Frederick H..Gillett definitely enter*
ed the contest agtiiMt Rcpr??ent?
jtlve James R Mann.
j Mr. -Gillett announced that his can
j didacv had been unanimously' in
| h dorsed by the Republicans in th*
i Massachusetts delegation and had r*
i ceived assurances of s4*f*uort from
many other faction* of th^country.
| Coincident wit* this announcement!
Representative Cannon, chairman of
| the Illinois delegation, which declar
jed for Mr Mann on Wednesday, ap
pointed an executive committee to
. have cnargo of the Mann campaign.
1 Illinois Republicans cave
out a letter they were sen dins to
I the Republican members in behalf
i Mr. Mann, and Representative
I< Winslow issuttl a statement ia be
I half of the Massachusetts Republic
I cans advocating tnhe candidacv of Mr.
j Gillett.
Barked bj W olverlaea.
! Representative Hamilton announced
j that the Michigan delegation ? wua
I one exception. Representative James
: ?would vote f'jr Mr Mann
The most interestinr development
' in the Speakership fight, however,
! was the word passed around that
! the Anti-Saloon league is prepar*
| inr to make a stronc light against
| Mr. Mann. The prohibition leaders
I arf opposed to Mr. Mann becaua*
j he foujrht the IJohson dry resolti
J tion some years ago
"The conduct of the next House of
|l Representatives." said the W inslov
statement, "will have treat influence
, on the comins presidential election,
i Republicans need above everything
else wise, broad leadership, which w ill
: keep the confident and respect of
the country.
! "Mr. Gillett has Just these qualifi
cations. He is not identified with the
extremist* In ?ny wine of the parry,
and his elevation to the Speakership
would indicate to the country that tha
Republicans of the House appreciated
the gravity of their responsibilities,
and are preparing to meet them with
their very best efforts "
Mr. Mann's "Industry and Intelli
gence have been the wonder of tha
House." the statement of the Illinois
delegation said: "He is recognised
to be the best parliamentarian In the
House. As a presiding officer ha has
no superior.
"He has been minority leader for
eight years, and was the RepuMicaa
choice for Speaker of the S2nd, Bird
64th and Cth Congresses. Now that
the Republicans are to be In Uie ma
jority. it seems fitting that he ahouM
be honored with the Speakership." J
U. S. Gives $40,000,000 |
Ehret Property Back
New Tork. Dec. 1?-The >?<.OOO.M?
property of George Ehret. hrewe.
seised May 2, by A. Mltchei I'almer.
alien property custodian, has bean re
turned to him. it was announced today
by Francis P. Garvin Mr Palmer's
managing director In New Tnt. Kr. i
Ehret. who Is now 84. was detained '
In Germany by the outbreak of tha
war while on a visit
l*ter ill health prevented his return
to America unOll last Aufast. whaa,
he thanked God that he waa hotn*
again, declaring he was an American
and no German. He appealed for the
return of his'property and an order
waa received today from Atttorney
General Gregory dlreelng It* return
Aurtkj Ri(? ia Daazig.
Copenhagen. I>ec. 1?.?street
I fightln* is reported in Danslg Tha
I military and civil prisons there are
said to have been opened.

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