THE WASHINGTON HERALD \
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SATURDAY. DECEMBER ai. 1918.
Where Does Uncle Sam Come in on
How about Bolshevism, anyway? It started^-on a big scale in
Russia. It has spread through Germany and Austria. Allied coun
tries are tainted with ihe germ to some extent and the danger is
freely discussed by high government officials. Of the allied coun
tries, Italy is generally accredited to have most of the virus.
What is Bolshevism? In plain American, it is much the same
thing as the doctrine of the more wild-eyed of our I. W. W.'s, when
that doctrine is accepted by a majority, as it is in Russia by the
Soviets. It means industrial warfare unrestrained and unintelligent.
It means blind revolution that loses itself in fury. It means today
what the "Terror" and the Commune meant in the early days
the French Revolution. Because out of that "Terror1' and the Com
mune grew the present French liberty we know that Bolshevism
is not altogether hopeless. But it is a mighty uncomfortable and
devastating and brutalizing condition, and to be avoided.
Why is Bolshevism5 Americans recently returned from Russia,
who ought to know what they're talking about, say that want, hunger
and economic human misery and political oppression of the masses
;were the causes there. In other word:> poverty, poor pay for the
worker, denial of manhood rights and political rights, exploitation
and degradation of the common people. The explosion came and it
was what migbt have been expected. Bolshevism in Russia is no
strange growth; it was inevitable.
Travelers of the time have written that the same condition that
preceded the outbreak of Bolshevism in Russia preceded the "Terror"
in the French Revolution.
Since wc have had reliable news from Germany and Austria we
have learned it was poverty and near-famine, in these cases sud
denly brought about by war conditions, coupled with political dis-|
organization that went to crcat* the deep-seated discontent that is1
row blindly seeking expression through a score of revolutions and
counter revolutions. Their rulers exploited the people to the last
Hmit in a vain attempt to hold the Western line?and then the worm
It is plain that poverty and starvation, political and economic]
oppression, and ignorance are the symptoms of Bolshevism. But
it is just as plain (hat the symptoms lie dormant until a weak gov
ernment, or utter political disorganization and public disorder comes
along to fertilize them.
It was not until the power of the French monarchy had been
overthrown a century and a quarter ago that Bolshevism and the
"Terror" arrived. Similarly in Paris in 1871. The same in Russia.
Also in Mexico. If Bolshevism wins in Austria and Germany, the
above rule will again come true except, perhaps, as to uneducation.
To have Bolshevism in a country therefore, the following evolu
tion is apparently necessary:
Long continued denial 01 the right of tree expression. Mass
conviction that it is oppressed.
Poverty. Hunger. Misery.
A weak government.
Disorganization of government and general disorder. |
Where does L'ncle Sam come in? That is a question that, it is
vain to deny, many overly fearful Americans?big business for the ]
most part, with or without guilty consciences?are asking them
selves. And we say, l'ncle Sam doesn't come in at all. We haven't
the symptoms badly enough for this Bolshcviki disease to break out
on us, and there is little danger of our ever having them badly
enough. Conditions here are not perfect, but our people are far
from desperate; they have better weapons than bullets to right those!
conditions with?ballots?and they know how to use them and will
There is only one possible source of danger in this country and 1
that is that a reactionary and interest-serving government?there
fore, a weak government?will get into power and, once in power,
attempt to deny the people their right of free expression. But it is I
a mighty far-fetched possibility in a free government like ours.
Minsirel of Street Calls to Spirit of Romance.
Pessimists declare romance has fled the world.
Pessimists "cannot see the wood for the trees!"
Romance promenades down the renter of a rushing, dirty city^
street occasionally, visible only to the elect.
So it happened when a minstrel flung a golden shower of ro-1
mance over a noon-hour rush of Christmas shoppers and lunch
aeekers in F street yesterday.
Every soul carries among its treasures a memory picture of a
minstrel, a wandering singer, debonair, poor exccpt for his st6re
of brave and tender melodies. With his mandolin or lute across I
his >houlder, or his rude harp in his hands he was music, beauty,
fesli\al, to the stately halls of ancient F^ngland and old France and I
He seemed long gone and buried deep in the brighter pages ofi
But today?today the minstrel was alive again!
One had to look twice to discover him?so changed his dress,
so odd his instrument, so strange his audience?but his message
and his melody were so old, so famitiar!
In the center of F street he stood, just an ordinary middle
aged shabby man. The ribboned, stringed lute of other days had
given place to a cheap little tin whistling instrument whose very
name reeked of modernity?a "Flutophone?price 10 cents."
But the minstrel's music! Clear and sweet it rose above the
roar of traffic, above the scuffie of a thousand feet, and the under
tone of many voices?melody, calling, appealing, singing, laughing,
"Cheap ballads!" scoff the critics and wise men of music, and
see nothing in the lighting of a listening woman's face.
"But the smiles that fill my life with sunshine.
Are the smiles that you give to me!"
N'or can they see the look of dreaming happiness, the passion
of rhythm and vague, unformed longing and memory that sweeps over
the rapt faces of the listeners at the smooth, seductive waltz strains
?"Kiss me, kiss me, again!" ,
Then, with the abrupt change of mood that marks romance
always?the little flutelike melody sings out a world-old glory of
song, dropping on the half-breathless street-crowd with a sweet solem
nity?'"Holy Night, Peaceful Night, All Is Still, All Is Bright!"
Listenl Read the tender, self-forgetful human faces near you.
Romance lives! God bless the minstrel of the street!
? December 21 is longest night, says calendar; December 24, say?
V ank army of occupation in Germany doesn't seem heavily occu
pied just now. ?
"All nations virtually indorse Wilson's terms." But will they
all virtuously obey them1
Why this fuss about the railroads? Before Congress can get
4 them unscrambled we'll all be traveling by air. a
' '""BoiklllK or The Wutiintfon Hmld.
New York. Dec. ?-The little side
street lunch rooms off lower Broad
way ere the theaters of cosmopolitan
X,w York. At midday the lunch
room la the miae en scene for a com
edy where many actors play their
little parts quite unconsciously. The
?tage Is the white-tiled floor, filled
with circular tables and black oak
chairs, all in the perpetual glare of
the electric bulbs under ground-glass
Behind the marble counter are the
Str,Infld*' drlnk with broken
English speech, who serve the coffee
*na milR to thirsty men and women?
mostly woman. Presiding over the
leasting is the camera-eyed detective?
mH-?.ne-er for*els ? *?<*? He watches
mostly for the overcoat thieves.
in the center of the room in a little
cage is a bent form wjth a Rreen
nming an anxious face?anxious over
tne many problems that vex in the
collection Qf thee Impost at a major
Port of entry. Near the window sits
i Greek with Jet black hair, keen eyes
Aken visa*e The *un wind
*ean have seasoned that
swarthy skin, and the possessor of it
Patriot or pirate.
fu," features and plump form,
the luminous black eyes of the one
ini rront of you are of Semi tic origin?
.if- ??uI.'.?,c ancestors once went with I
tne Biblical Rebecca to the well: Just I
beyond Is one tossing a vivacious head
on which in red turban, topped with
of red worsted, like the pompon
on the cap of a French sailor. Tucked (
headgear is a heavy growth i
rtL .7^7, fnd gray ey" which look
aauntlessly from a saucy fsce.
nexl l*bl' is a girl in a white I
tur turban and tlppet-a polar bear'
No. you are wrong, for when she
turns and looks at you it is with the !
,of a gazelle The protean I
instinct of womanhood selected her
.^ndfth<!"' ** ,h' bu" ?ir'?Passing- to I
dUb? m^"Lh l0Hds of etoneware !
dishes She has the look of a South- I
em mulatto. Ask her and she will <
answer with a flowing tropical list. I
Hispanlole. Ku-ba." She is one of
the few who has not aped the manner !
of New York In head dress. Now and
then above the clatter of dishes and
voices there is the sound of quarrel
? ng Someone has tried to m> by the'
cashier without paying the check
ruin***. * Policeman is called and the
culprit is led away.
In one of the little lunch rooms down
town there la a dance floor upstairs
where working girts may dance to the
tune of a four-piece orchestra for 5
cents a dance. r
A little German dachshund was seen
in a Bronx public park the other day
licking the little gold star that his
master wore on his sleeve What a
theme for a poet: What an Idea for
a short story!
Six pretty Southern widows have
* ftne old hon" the West
Thirties and are to spend the rest of
their days there. For sentimental rea
sons no one wants to marry again.
They had a little money, but decided
they cculd live better by pooling their
interests and purchasing a big home.
The rooms they have vacant thev rent
out?but only to women. it "is an
Adamless Eden and they do not want
lo be tempted.
A "Ojdier of the American armv with
his left leg gone sat In the foyer of
a New York hotel the other evening.
?Naturally groups passing in and out
gave him respectful glances. Suddenly
nis race mas seen to twitch and finally
he burst into a loud fit of laughing.
Someone asked him what was the mat
ter. "By golly:- he replied, "the bot
tom of my foot that got shot off keeps
Itching so It would be like one of
those Hun rascals to keep it Just to
tickle and worry me."
The stars incline, but do not compel."
MTIHBAV, l)E( R1IBKR 21, |(|?
During the busiest hours of this
day_ the planetary influences are
lather uncertain. Late in the aft
ernoon Mercury Is in benefit arpect.
It should be a favorable time for
settling small affairs In a business
way. There is an encouraging di
rection for putting financial matters
in order and preparing for new en
Under this sway looking back
ward- is likely to be depressing and
for this reason the day should be
passed in activity.
The rule is not an auspicious one
lor weddings or for love affairs
Persons In the Sun are Hkelv to
be far from kindly or sympathetic
during this rule of the planets. It
's not a fortunate day to seek
Place, preferment or employment
Mercury Is in a place held to be
peculiarly favorable for writings of
every sort. Letters are subject to
the most benign aspect and contracts
signed at this time should brine
Messages are well directed, par
rying with them this day more than
mere suggestions of happiness, for
they are held actually to <tart the
Fires are to be feared during this
rule of the stars. Homes as well
as public buildings are menaced
Theaters have the prognostication
of change that will be beneficial
Standards of plays will be raised,
the seers prophesy, and they fore
tell that universities and even the
United States government will con
cern themselves seriously with the
Play or recreation in the broad
est sense of the word is to receive
much attention in the coming
months, it is prognosticated.
Lessons taught by the war will
be applied in many ways that will
he helpful to the public, astrologers
forecast, and speed in all things
will be evident.
Persons whose birthdate It is have
the promise of a successful year in
business, but many small troubles
may be diaturbing in the home.
Those who are employed may meet
Children born on this day are
likely to be exceedingly active and
enterprising. These subjects of
Capricorn, with Saturn as their
principal ruling planet, often meet
with difficulties that develop chsr
A LINE Cr CHEER
EACH DAY 0- THE YEAR
By Jehn Kendrlek Baags.
A friend la not that fellow free
*7 ho in all things agrees with me.
Denies my faults, and when I err
Adopts the role of flatterer?
But he who when I'm down and out
Helps me to face disgrace and rout
And when I'm wrong Is never slow
To come and frankly tell me so
yet stands by me unto the end
Despite my faults?he Is my friend'
v?u aonny !
] e??.^*n *# v?k7',1
tfo <3o-wm cjiwiity <J*'
o " r?^ ?-.-urynr
out of ??? , Vou Tcnov - <
, 1 c-n. s^?-?<cK <?t . 'O-A. ,
\ t*w. c*?ev ?* _y
)sm%,iUiL Yy Kola ?
G. P. O. NEWS NOTES
| The many friends of Edwin N. War
ner sympathize with him in the loss
of his wife Tuesday evening. 7^r.i.
Warner had been out of the hoepiUil
only three days when she contracted
Influenza Saturday night, and her
death wax a sad surprise to everyone.
She leaves her husband and four chil
dren. the oldest about 9 and the young
est three weeks.
Prof. Benjamin A. Lineback pulled
off another community sing Friday
noon, which was much enjoyed by the
enthusiastic audience. The way the
"male eelment" got their heads to
gether and harmonized on "Sweet
Adeline" and held her for twelve beats
was a caution. Shades of Beethoven!
The plaster w coming off the corridors.
Prof. Lineback'a Christmas program,
to be held next Friday, will be an
Hugh I). Jarrett. formerly of the
linotype section but more recently on
The Herald, has returned to his old
home in Charleston. W. Va . to accept
a situation in the printing plant of
his father. Mr. Jarrett made many
warm friends during his few years in
Washington who wish him success in
his new yenture. Mrs. Jarrett will re
main in Washington until Hugh Kets
settled in his new home.
S. H. Bell, dean of speoiflca lions
and copy preparer 011 that work, re
j sides near L*aurel. Md. He travels
; all that distance every morning and
j is never late; he rides.
j Miss Amanda Crate, detailed to the
t office of superintendent of documents'
1 for the past year, is back on her old
1 Job again on the night force, as-1
. signed to Mr. Kelly s section.
' Mrs. Nellie Lyons, of the day pi ess
i room force, has received word that
; her son has been wounded "some
j where in France."
I The "rumor committee'' of all the
| forces seem to have concluded that
PubHc Printer Ford will grant us all
day before Christmas in lieu of half i
a day before each holiday. What-!
ever the Public Printer pays will be ?
accepted unanimously, will it not?
The pressmen complain that the J
printers have taken charge of the
new G. P. O. company of the District
National Guard, leaving the press
I men the privilege of becoming buck
privates. They say the printers may
have their own way about it, snd the I
pressmen threaten to organize a com
pany of their own
I Jefferson D. Newlon is back at |
! work in the night proof room after 1
? being off for some time nurslne: Mrs. j
I Newlon through influenza. She is
j now recovering very nicely.
The boys in the press room came
j across in fine style for the Red Cross
1 and every one on the night force
1 wears a button.
1 Elmo Norris. of the monotype key
board section, returned to work Wed
i nesday with one of those "one-of-the
1 boys" of which the tonsorial artist
who performed the operation may
' Well be proud. In the words of Gus
Diers, Elmo, "you're there," but you
, will outgrow it.
"Chick" Driscoll. of the interme
diate press room force, took a day
off Thursday to buy a punch bowl for
Chrlstmaa He insists that nothing
I sdds to the cheerlness of a holiday
' tnble like a bowl filled with ?well, any
? old thing with a kick to It.
Richard B. Glennan. makerup in J
J the hand section, has been sick.
Mrs. Mable Behse, an operator in
j the machine sewing room, has re
"Ole Top" Dunlap. in the press
j room, has been substituting for
Frank Dougherty during the let
ter's enforced absence because of,
sickness in his family.
A. M. Butler, linotype operator,
has a letter from his son in France
which states that the boy has been
promoted to captain and is now In
command of headquarters company.
317th Infantry. He has been In ac
tio* and wounded, and at the time
of writing was in the hospital with
Walter Whittaker. of the night
job press section, has accounted for
both his boys with the army in
France. In a letter received yes
terday from the eldest, Burton, who
is a lieutenant in the tank contin
gent that was next behind the one
that wont over the top on the day J
the armistice was signed. the boy j
seems norc all over because he didn't
get a shot at the Huns. The other
boy is with the army of occupation
at the bridgehead across the Rhine.
William L. Mattocks, page re
viser in the night proofroom, re-!
turned to work Friday night after'
being off about a week nursing his
wife and child through influenza.
Frederick R. Nace. skilled laborer
in the hand section, has been pro- ;
moted to caster helper in the mono- !
Ray Proudley. of the night press i
section, is back at work after a
Max Rigger, who runs a paper
cutter on the fifth floor, says he '
would like to have those two suits J
of clothes back. Some one walked j
away with them, and Max hasn't
seen them since. He is lucky to i
have had that many suits, as high '
as clothes are now.
Mrs. C. W. Bradley, wife of "Doc"
Radley. of the night linotype sec
tion. was taken to Baltimore Thurs
day for .in examination previous t?>
submitting to radium treatment.
William E. Howard, skilled lab
orer in the day hand section, is on
the sick list.
George !>. Bryden, the pressman
song writer, is singing his latest:
"You'll Get All That Is Coming To
You" at the Fenn Gardens every
night between dances.
Henry M. Beadle. atripp?-r in the
hand section, is reported sick.
Edward E. Rohm, reader in th
night proofroom, is still confined
at home with sickness.
John M. Barr. of the monotype
kevboard section.A^^^back at work
after a week s i\ye Bwith influenza.
s ti/e witl
Theodore P. Jy "(His is ba-. k at
work in the Ic^^tSfeecfion after
being off ten dayft taking rare of
flve children witll Influenza at his
home in Brooklatid. All the kids
are now recovering nicely, but Wil
lis insists that he had "some job."
James E. Brooke, of the night
proofroom, is absent from work on
account of the illness of Mrs.
96,000 AUTOS LEFT
ON HANDS OF MAKERS
Signing of Armistice Cancels AH
War Department Orders.
Ninety-?ix thousand autos?truck and
passenger?were left on the hands of
manufacturers by cancellation of War
Department orders, it developed yes
terday. Cancellations are practically
In addition, manufacturers have
29,000 motorcycles and 35.000 bicycles
on their hands that the government
ordered and later cancelled on sign
ing of the armistice. It was esti
mated that about half of the^e
"wheeled vehicles"' would have been
ready for delivery by January l.
As a counter balance to this sud
den stoppage of government demand
for cars, automobile men said that the
passenger car production for 19J8 is
900.000 short of the 1917 production.
Since America entered t^ie war or
ders for "wheeled vehicles" by the
W*T Department totaled 370,000. They
included orders for 200.000 motot
trucks; 40,000 passenger cars; 6o,toQ
motorcycles and 65.000 bicycles.
"FLU" RETARDS DRIVE.
Notwithstanding Which, Red Cross
Enrolls Nearly 3,000.000 in
With the Red Cross Christmas roll
call getting into full swing, the At
lantic Division, comprising the States
of New York. New Jersey and Con
necticut. report'd 2.600.000 member*
The prevalence of influenza in many
of the large cities of Connecticut and
New York has reJartled the enroll
The Central Division, comprising Illi
nois. Wisconsin, Nebraska, Iowa and
Michigan, reported an enrollment of
more than 4.000,000. It is reported from
this division that returns are delayed
bv the influenaa situation.
10,000 Gallons of Oil
Go Up in Smoke
Port Clinton, Ohio, Dec. 30.?Fire
raged-Jji the yards of the Irubric Oil
Company. East Clinton. A tank with
over 10.0UU gallon* of oil went up in
Firemen fought to keep the flames
from reaching the gasoline tank, hold
ing over 10.000 gallons. The Are started
from an engine used for pumping oil
and gasoline into the big tanks.
Bureau of Engraving-Printing Notes
Mr*. Roue Nash. section 1?, Printing
Division. haa been confined to her
home for the past ten day* with thf
Mrs. Nash's husband is one ot
the District boys who helped to push
the Hun back at Chateau Thierry. j
Miss Fannie Harper is absent from 1
the Numbering Division on account of
a death in her family.
The annual meeting of the Per Diem
Relief Association wm held in the
lunch room on the 17th instant, and it
was agreed that the association br
dissolved and the members be taken
Into the Century Relief Association,
forming Class C. ss the Century al
ready haa two els **#?*. A and B.
The Century Relief Association held
a meeting at the same time and place.
:ind agrf<-<i to the consolidation, and
ut the united meeting the following
officers were elected for the coming
year: President. Paul Vlereck. Ma
chine Division; vice president. Jam**
A. Williams. Engineer Division; sec
retary-treasurer. W. R. Bean. Engi
neer Division; executive committee.
William O'Regan, Machine Division,
W. W I^nnk. custodian of presses; W. |
R. Freeman, electric shop. E. C. Mc- |
Ready. Wetting Division, and Robert
Lee Lambert, custodian of presses
All classes of the association will j
pay |50 death benefits or such pari
thereof as has not been paid out for |
relief during the year.
Thomas H. Powers haa been sppoint- 1
ed a skilled helper and assigned t?
the carpenter shop.
C. E- Marshall, custodian of presses,
section 1. has been absent from work
several days on account of sickness.
Edward Williams. Albert Michaud
and George Womble were appointed a
committee to represent the machinists
of the bureau and wait upon Mr. M< -
Adoo. the retiring Secretary, extend
ing to him the felicitations of the ma
chinists. and wishing him Godspeed in
his new field of endeavor.
I-eo B. Schuyler, of the Engrsving
Division, will tske his bride to New
York to spend the Christmas holidays
with hla parents. The outlook for a
happy Christmas Is not very prom
ising. as Mr. Schuyler's two brothers
and a sister are ill with the ''flu." and
two other brothers are in France.
R H. Oiappell. chief of machine
division, will have his son with him
for the holidays Toung <'happell is
one of I'ncle Sam's fighters
| Thp machine shop has made an en
viable record In the various war
drives: 100 per c*nt contributions in
j each shows some patriotism Keep
It up, boys.
John (Dusty* Rhodes of the print
ing division. is having an argument
with the "flu" at his home "Dusty'*
can argue some and we back him
A. Newmnn. rnachin*- division, has
returned to work after enjoying two
weeks of his annual leave
After spending the past several
months at the Officers Training
Camp. Greenleaf. Ga . Harold Clar
voe. a transferer in the engraving di
vision, Is back on the job
The members of the Engraved Hteei
Plate Finishers' Association hsve
adopted a little French orphan, who**
name Is Renee Ralmbault. of Grand
Moulin. (Big Mill* France This Itttla
girl has written a fine letter to her
benefactors, thanking them for thei'
contributions This adoption make*
the fifth for the engraving division
employes, which is certainly an ex
cellent showing in thia good cause
Charles Salb a prover in the en
graving division has just received^
a letter from the War Department
stating that his son. Sergeant Francis
J Kalb. had been seriousl> wounded
in action on September Mr Salh
I knew that his son had bee4 gassed,
but having received a letter from htm
dated November 21. in which he
| slates he is living and in good health,
feel* confident that the War Depart
ment ia far behind in Its news l^r
| geant Salb In his letter states that
I he is just about to atari on a l??-m 1*
march, so he must be In trim Mr
1 and Mrs. Salb are greatly disappoint
ed at not having their son with them
I for Christmas, but he states that
I there ia much work yet to done
"over there" and that he cannot *?*
| pect to return for some time.
I The Plate Printers I'nkm. I?cal N"o.
12. will hold Its regular monthly m<fi
I Ing at 3 p. m.. Sunda?. Decaml>er T2
1*1*. at Typographical Temple. Officers
will be installed and the Bureau Band
| will be on hand to see that th? .iob
is done right. Members had better
come early if they care to warm a
aeat and get In on the eats.
I William Kessler. of the numbering
'division, is a very brave man the?**
i day*. He ia atill running his
j despite the heavy frosts. w
| Don't forget the success of this
j column depends upon news. Tell it to
J Kvans. Section 16. Printing Division.
. or phone Col. 86S?-J.
| QUALITY JEWELRY CO.,
43? 9th St. N. W
Half a Century Ago
Half a Century Ago every community could be supplied
to some extent with locally dressed meat, drawing on live
stock raised nearby.
Now two-thirds of the consuming centers, with millions
of people, are one to two thousand miles away from the
principal live-stock producing sections, which are sparsely
The American meat packing industry of today is the
development of the best way to perform a national service
The function of providing meat had to develop accord
ingly. Those men who first grasped the elements of the
changing problem created the best facilities to meet it?
large packing plants and branch houses at strategic
points, refrigerating equipment (including cars), car routes,
trained organization, profitable outlets for former waste?
which became the natural, inevitable channels for the
vast flow of meat across the country.
If there were a better way to perform this necessary
service, American ingenuity and enterprise would have
discovered it, and others would now be using it
During 1918, Swift & Company has earned a profit on
meats (and meat by-products) of less than 2^/2 cents per
dollar of sales?too small a profit to have any appreciable
effect on prices. .
Swift & Company, U. S. A.
Washington Local Branch, 10-14 Center Market
D. T. Dutrow, Manager
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