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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 29, 1918, Image 1

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THE WEATHER:
Today?Generally fair. Tomorrow.
heat temperature yeater;
fair.
Say. 35;
igheat t
lowest.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
NO. 4447
WASHINGTON. D. C.. SUNDAY. DECEMBER 29, 19l8.
THREE CENTS
U. S, DELEGATES
SHARE PEACE
TABLE TASKS
Lapsing to Pass on Law
Questions, Gen. Bliss,
Military Arbiter.
COL HOUSE "BUFFER'
President's Friend to Act
as Mediary in Solving
Intricate Problems. -
Paris, Dec. 28.?The American
Peace Commission has tentatively
decided upon a division of work
among the members during the
:oming interallied sessions of the
Peace Conference proper.
The allocation of official duties
?s as follows:
Secretary of State Lansing will
be the recipient of all questions on
subjects pertaining to international
law, in addition to his regular
business as one of the five Peace
Commissioners.
Ho?*e in "Buffer** Role.
* Col. E. M. House, for the period I
of the President's stay in Europe, will (
occupy h sort of ?'buffer" position he- '
tween the President and the states
men of Europe. When the President
leaves for the L'nited States, presum
ably the first week of February, the
Colonel will, of course, continue to
act as his personal spokesman both
In the meetings of the American com
mission and the meetings of the com
mission with other groups at the peace
conference.
Henry White will have the role of
"eld man" for the commission be
cause of his long career as a diplomat
and his intimate knowledge of Eu-1
ropean affairs.
Gen. Bliss will see to matters of j
K?tary aspect- a* well as whatever'
?ubjects the commission may assign I
to him.
.. is t^ie belief of the commission
mat much duplication will be saved '
and greater results obtained
through a definite division of its I
work. The program outlined above '
Is one reached by the American
plenipotentiaries during the first,
week on the ground here.
In preparation for the work
ahead, the commission has begun to I
ea?r opou a corps of experts who.
^ iccompani^4 o*rr mission to Europe '
#and who are housed in the Hotel I
\Crillon with working quarters in
VAJoining buildings.
Outstanding Subject*.
The League of Nations an<J the '
?Yeedom of the seas will be the two j
'outstanding subjects at the coming
peace conference.
Apart from these two problems j
"the American delegates are storing
up knowledge regarding the Ger
man colonies, the Dardanelles. Jap- '
anese occupation of the German
possessions in the Far East, the Al
banian question, the Russian situa
tion ^ind dozens of, other subjects
which will play a part in the dis
cussions.
The efficacy of the guard around the
Hotel Crillon is now being completely
Jemonstrated as Paris is beginning to 1
fll" up with ??interested parties." all of I
whom seek to play the "buttonhole I
irame" and further the interests of j
ihemselves and the countries they rep
resent.
An example is given by the fact that !
if Col. House granted audiences to all !
persons seeking one from him he '
would have to start to work at 6 j
D'clock in the morning and^keep goin~ j
until midnight.
Two Youths |
Escape in
Big Sewer
Undaunted By Shackles,
Pair Baffle Atlanta Po
lice Much Like Dorsey
Foultz Did Here.
Atlanta. Ga., Dec. 2S?Atalanta's po- i
I ce force was up against a tough job I
ate today.
Two white youths, confined in the i
;ity stockade, escaped. Repeated calls j
'or volunteers to ruh them down were :
>f no avail. Policemen balked at the
job. ?
Although wearing shackles. the
f-ouths made a successful break for !
iberty. Ducking into the yawning en- |
vtrance of a big truck sewer in the in- I
stitutlon grounds, they quickly disap- ,
Deared in its cavernous depths.
By opening manholes along the '
?ewer police were able to trace the \
progress of the two pilgrims in the '
dough of despond. Reports said the-)
youths, with clanking shackle chains. !
like two lost souls wandering in nether !
regions, were headed toward the heart
>f the city.
A reception committee of policemen I
wearing gas masks was Stationed at a 1
nanhole downtown to receive the wan- I
lerers. At a late hour tonight the '
aair was still at large.
Washing ton ians will recall the
Urange disappearance of Dorsey
Poults, colored, who baffled local po
ice years ago by vanishing down an
>pen manhole after he had murdered
* policeman. No trace of Foultz has
?ver been found.
+_
Cre?l Expects to Quit
When His Work Is Done
.Pans. Dec. 28.-"I have not re
**ned. but expect to quit and return
:o the United States as soon as I can
clean up my affairs here?as I in
tended to do before I came to Eu
rope." George Creel, head of the Com
mittee on Public Information said
to'-v.
?
Brig. Gen. MacArthur, 38,
Commended for Bravery
Graduate of Washington Schools, "Out Front"
in Actual Leadership of Rainbow Division,
Heedless of Personal Danger?Thrice Rec
ommended for Promotion in Most Remark
able Document Ever Filed in the Military
Annals of This Country.
Brig:. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, of
this city, commander of a brigade
of the Rainbow Division and for
merly chief of staff of the division,
has thrice been officially recom
mended for promotion to be major
general.
In one of the most remarkable
documents ever filed in military an
nals. this daring young officer is
praised by Maj. Gen. Mencher. who
was Rainbow Division leader and
later Sixth Corps commander.
Heedless of personal danger. Mac
Arthur several times led his troops
personally, said Mencher.
This leadership?out front?caus
ed the division commander to write:
Took Actual Command.
"He has stood for the actual physi
cal command of large bodies of troops
in battle, not of a day but days* dura
tion, and I believe has actually com
manded larger bodies of troops on the
battle line than any officer in our
army, with, in each instance, con
spicuous success. ? ? ? His efforts
have been untiring, uninterrupted and
without the least regard for his per
sonal safety at each of the many
times when he felt his personal leader
ship required his vjesence in the thick
of the struggle."
For instance MacArthur, though se
verely gassed on one occasion, refused
to permit his removal to a hospital,
but kept on with his duties. His lead
ership was largely responsible for the
first break in the famous Kriemhild
position. x
MacArthur comes of fighting stock,
his father having served notably in
the Philippines.
Mother Lives Here.
Tall, dashing and efficient. Brig.
Gen. MacArthur, who is 38 years
of age, is the son of the late Gen.
and Mrs. Arthur MacArthur. Mrs.
MacArthur has lived in Washington
for years and it has been her per
manent home since the death of her
husband seven years ago. She re
sides at the Brighton Hotel apart
ments in California street.
Her son, as a boy, attended the
Force School in Massachusetts av
enue for four years and later the
high school. After completing his
course in the public schools here,
MacArthur was appointed to West
Point. He was graduated in 1903
as honor man of his class.
Assigned to the Engineer Corps,
MacArthur was stationed for four
years in Washington as a member
of the General Staff. At the time
of the Mexican imbroglio he was
named War Department censor.
Early in the present war he wa3
sent overseas and served with the
Rainbow Division, l^ast July he was
slated to return to this country and
assume command of the 21st brigade
of the Eleventh Division at Camp
Meade, but Gen. Pershing found
that he could not be spared. The
orders assigning him to Camp Meade
were therefore cancclled.
War Cost 155 Billions;
Allies' Share Two-thirds
**
French Deputy Proposes Financial League of
Nations, with Pro-Rata Share of Huge
Debt?Suggests Bond Issue.
Paris. Dec. 28.?Deputy Stern in ,
the Chamber today estimated the
total cost of the war to all nations
at 875.000.000.000 of francs ($155,
000.000.000). Of the total the allien'
coat la 518.000.00?.000 francs (flOS,
600.000.000). he estimated.
Deputy Stern proposed a financial j
league of nations to distribute an
nual charges of 2K.000,000,000 francs
($5,300,000,000), so that the tax
payers of the big: nations?France,
England, the United States and
Italy?would pay the same amount]
RADICALS SEIZE
REIGN IN BERLIN
Ebert Government Falls
and Liebknecht Will
Form New Cabinet,
Amsterdam, Dec. 2S.?The Ebert I
government has fallen .the K reuse
Zeitung announces.
A cabinet will be formed by Dr.
Karl Liebknecht. the radical leader;
Herr Ledebour, one of his chief lieu
tenants. and Eichom. who at last ac
counts was civilian commander ot
Berlin.
A dispatch filed in Berlin Thursday
night and received today by way of
The Hague said the Ebert government
at that time was "virtually non
existent" and that Philip Schelfle
mann had fled from the city. The
aispatch said the Tidende predicted
that the new cabinet would include
Liebknecht and Ledebour. Tt also
stated that the Centrall Soviet woul<J
be summoned at once.
>lnde Berlin f'ommnndnnt.
Brutus Molkenbuhr, a Liebknecht
supporter, has been made command
ant of Berlin, it was reported in a
dispatch dated Thursday night."
Another delayed Berlin dispatch re
ported that government troops renew
ed bombardment of the royal palace
Thursday morning and that the muti
nous sailors defending it finally sur
rendered afier several had been killed.
Berlin. Dec. 26.?Government troops
renewed bombardment of the royal
palace this morning, killing several
of the mutinous sailors entrenched
there. The defenders finally surren
dered. 1
Field Marshal von "Hindenburg. with |
an army of loyal troops, is reported
to be marching on Berlin to restore
order. The Bolsheviks still control
the former Socialist newspaper, Vor
waerts.
Allied occupation of Northern Ger
many. to restore order, was generally
discussed today. \
Most of the civilians and soldiers
with whom the correspondent talked
openly favored such a move. They
said they would welcome American
and British troops, but not the
French.
Divers Try to Repair <
Little .Rock Pipe Lines
Little Rock. Ark.. Dec. 28.?Deep
sea divers are trying to repair the
break in the pipe line which conveys
natural gas from the Caddo fields to
Little Rock and other Arkansas cities.
The break occurred in water eight
feet deep in a swamp near the Sul
phur River, near Texarkana. Little
Rock and many other cities and towns
were without gas today, while the
weather is the coldest of the present
wtfnter.
\
of taxes with the smaller nations j
paying proportionate amounts. I
The speaker further suggested a
bond issue amortizing in twenty |
years and to be guaranteed by the,
member nations and other tangible
properH?*s trhich the league would
seize and operate in case of default. ,
The deputy said Germany's share
of the payments should be left to
I the peace conference. He drew at ? i
l tention. however, to a statement by
Dr. Helferrich, former German min
ister of finance in 1913, estimating
Germany's annual revenue at $10,-1
I 000.000.000.
I ELECT WOMAN j
TO PARLIAMENT
Sinn Fieers Sen dCounteSis
Markiewicz to London.
Win 70 Seats.
! Dublin, Dec. 28.?Countess Markie
j wicz. one of the Sinn Fein leaders,
' has achieved the distinction of being
the first woman elected to the British
Parliament, according to returns re
ceived tonight.
The Countess was arrested in con
nection with the Easter rebellion and
was held in prison for some flme.
Bonfires were lighted on hilltops
throughout Munster tonicht and
I many torchlight s processions were
formed by the Sinn Feiners in cele
bration of their successes. Alto?ether
they have carried seventy seats.
Premier Lloyd George has be^n
returned to power in a veritable
coalition "landslide."
With 86 per cent of the votes on
the December 14 parliamentary elec
tions counted, the coalitionists were
leading the opposition 437 to 169,
giving the former a plurality of
268. The new Parliament will have
707 members. The latest count
showed:
Coalition Unionists. 317; Coalition
Liberals, 112; Coalition Laborit?s,
8. Total. 467. Laborites. 57; Sinn
Feiners. 41; Unionists, 30; Liberals,
L'9; Irish Nationalists, 5; Indepen
dents, 4ftt Nationalists. 2; Socialists,
1. Total. 169.
I The sensation of the election was
the 'defeat, of Herbert Asuith. former
l premier, who had ben leader of the
I opposition in parliament since forma
tion of the coalition ministry in De-j
cember, 1916. Sir Alexander Sprot,
I who held a colonel's commission in
i the war, polled S.996 votes to Asmith's
' 6,991. Another party leader who failed
to retain his seat was Arthur Hen
derson. laborite. He ran a poor third
i nhis district.
Five of the fourteen women candi
dates are known to have ben de
feated. Among them was Mrs. Char
lotte Despard, sister of Viscount
French, former commander-in-chief
of the British armies,'who ran on
I the Labor ticket. She was defeated
by Richard Morris coalitionist, 7.231
to 5.634.
John Dillon. Redmond's successor
as nationalist leader, was defeated by
Prof, de Valcra, who hadd a majority
I of 4,392 votes. De Valera took a
prominent part in the Dublin Easter
I rebellion.
WILSON WILL VISIT
DEVASTATED AREAS
Trip Will Be Made After President
Returns From Italy.
j Paris, Dec. 28.?President Wilson
, will visit the devastated regions of
France before appearing at the peace
I conference, it was learned today.
| The news dissipates the femr here
I
PAY FOR (1. S.
WAR SUPPLIES
STILL HELD UP
Failure of Government to
Meet Foreign Obligations
Causes Difficulties.
BAKER WANTS ACTION
Secretary of War Says
American Firms Affected
By Situation.
+
Diplomatic fdifficulties confront
the United States government as a
result q( the Comptroller of the!
Treasury's recent ruling questioning i
the legality of inform*.! supply con
tracts let by the War Department.
The international aspect of the sit
uation arises from the fact that
the Comptroller's decision prevents
payments of moneys due on agree
ments made with foreign govern
ments.
This development in thenar con
tract tangle was revealed yesterday
when Secretary Raker and other of
ficials of the War Department ap-1
pearcd before the House Rules Com
mittee to urge a special rule for
immediate consideration by the
House of the Dent bill, giving the
Secretary of War authority to ad
just the claims resulting from the
Comptroller's ruling.
Britiah flared Contract*.
Following yesterday's hearing the
committee decided to report out a
special rule for Thursday, January
2. The special rule will allow four!
hours of debate, evenly divided be
tween the Democrats and Republi
cans. It is hoped to pass the bill
that day.
Ninety per cent of the contracts
for supplies ordered in England,
the committee was told, were let,
through the British government.
The United States government had
practically no direct dealings with
private contractors. The British
government distributed the orders
among its government-controlled
and private factories.
Under these conditions, wherein
the transactions were between the
two governments, the contracts of
necessity had to be informal. Secre
tary Baker explained. Formal con
tracts with a foreign government
could not be entered into except by
means of a treaty. The emergency
allowed no time to *go through the
formalities of negotiating a treaty.
About fifty per cent of the war
supplies ordered in France were
contracted for through the French
government.
^England's profits from Amv^ricaft
contracts were larger than those
asked by France, said Edward R.
Stettinius. former Assistant Secretary
of War, who was in charge of sup
plies for the American Expeditionary
Force.
War materials produced in France's
government-owned plants were fur
shed to this country at cost.
The value of contracts placed in
France, said Mr. Stettinius. would
reach 2.000.000, OW francs, or approxi
mately $400,000,000. Tens of millions of
dollars will be saved in adjusting the
canceled orders under the proposed
legislation, it is claimed.
The War Department. Secretary Ba
ker stated, also has contracts in Italy,
Spain and Switzerland which are in
volved in the comptroller's ruling. The
contracts with neutrals were let on a
strictly business basis and must be
completed and canceled on a strictly
business basis, he maintained. The
Dent bill permits substitute contracts
providing for adjustments of foreign
claims.
Domefitie Phime of Contract.
Discussing the domestic phase of
the contract controversy. Secretary
Baker said speed is important in or
der that the industries affected may
embark upon peace-time activities.
Representative Capipbell, of Kansas,
a member of the Rules Committee,
asked what safeguards thcr? were
against contractors taking advantage
of the government to secure exorbi
tant profits.
"The United States cannot be forced
to pay anything," replied Mr. Baker.
"In justice, and by that I mean
equity, the United States should not
pay $1 more than is Just in settle
ment of these claims, but I believe
it should pay not $1 less than is
just and equitable."
Assistant Secretary of War Crowell
said the War Department had re
ceived numerous telegrams from man
ufacturers holding terminated con
tracts. Some of them said they would
face bankruptcy within one week, and
others said this danger would confornt
them within two weeks.
"The releasing of their capital and
resumption of peace-time operations
wojild tend to stabilize conditions dur
ing the period of transition from war
to peace," he said.
ASSOCIATION TO ASK
FOR NEW P. 0. BRANCH
Meeting to Be Held Tomorrow in
Eckington-Blooming&ale.
A movement to secure a branch
postofflce in the Eckington-Bloom
ingdile district will be started to
morrow hight at a meeting of the
North Capitol and Eckington Citi
zens' Association to be held at the
Emery School, Lincoln road ani
Randolph place.
The postal facilities in this com
munity, it is believed, have become
inadequate. The support of the en
tire community is expected to back
thif movement. ?
The association will make an ef
fort to secure a membership of l'.OOO
before the end of 1919.
BOY KILLED IN FIGHT.
Cleveland, Dec. 28.?Henry Najham,
13, was shot and killed late today in
a fight between two rival gangs of
boys.
that the President would not apre
clate the real havoc of war. The trip
to the war-wrecked regions will be
made between the President's visits
to Italy and Brussels.
Upon his return from London the
President will rest here a few days
before going to Italy. Mr. Lansing's
two-^ay tour of the American front
has^made a deep impression on the
Secretary of State.
"Wait for Me,"
Cries President
to Doughboys
London. Dec. 28.?"Walt for
me," cried President Wilson from
his carriage today Wlien he
caught sight of twenty-three
American soldiers who had been
in German prison camps. They
were standing in the courtyard
of Buckingham Palace as th*
President returned from the
Mansion House.
President Wilson stepped from
his carriage and greeted each
man with ?a handshake and spoke
| with each one. Each was photo
graphed.
The men are from Pennsyl
vania. Montana, Ohio, Indiana
and Arkansas.
JAPAN COURTS
1 WESTERN TRADE
Buys Treasury Certificates
to Stabilize Exchange
With u. s.
In an effort to stabilize exchange
rates between the United States and
the Orient, the Japanese government
has begun buying Treasury certi
ficates of indebtedness, it was learn
ed here last night. To date, the
Japanese hove bought $35,000,000
worth of the certificates which
mature In six months.
Indications here were that witn
each issue of certificates which is
biweekly, the Japanese government
will subscribe to a limited amount.
Treasury officials expressed the
opinion that hereafter commercial
interests of the Orient would fol
low the lead set by Japan.
Japan < reditor Nation.
Japan, at present, is a creditor
nation. Her commercial position is
similar to that of the United States,
hut the balance in her favor is not
so great as is that of America.
Japan is expecting a heavy trade
with the United States, it is point
ed out. Helations existing between
| the two nations at present are such
as to be highly conducive to great
ly increased commercial intercourse,
officials say. But whether with the
United States or with European
countries. American securities will
iorm a basis upon which she can
bid for the world's trade, It is as
serted.
Wets Plan
Hot Fight
On 'Rider9
Will Raise Point of No Quo
rum in House Tomor
row Deferring Action on
"Bone-Dry" Clause.
When Representative Randall. Pro
hibitionist, offers his motion tomorrow
in the House to confer with the Sen
ate on the "bone-dry rider" to the
revenue bill, a lively fight is ex
pected.
Because of the fact that Represen
tative Kitchin deferred sending the
bill to conference until tomorrow.
Representative Randall did not have
the opportunity on Thursday to intro
duce his motion.
The "wet" element, it is expected,
will raise a point of no quorum, which,
if done, will automatically postpone
any action on the motion until the
first week in January. Many membeVs
of the House are away for the holi
days and the "wets" do not expect
the slightest trouble in putting off
action on the motion.
Nevertheless the *drys" are confi
dent that no matter how many ob
stacles the "wets" throw in their way.
Representative Randall's motion will
be carried by an overwhelming vote.
CANADA MAPS
PLANE ROUTES
Montreal. Que.. Dec. 28.?Official
approval was given today by tbe
Canadian government to the pro
posed two main aerial thorough
fares and several subdivisions form
ing the Canadian link in the chain
of airways which will join the
British possessions throughout the
I world into one big charted system.
The Canadian "All Red Route
connects St. Johns. N. F., the gate
way of the transatlantic air routes
with Victoria. B. C? and includes
I Quebec. Montreal and Ottawa, fol
| lowing the line of the Canadian Pa
' cific Railway through the Canadian
national parks and making various
depot stops at cities <yi the course
to the Pacific.
The Sunset Airway. Canada's *-e
ond great air route, will start ?t
St. Johns and will touch Syd
ney, Halifax. Frederickton, Quebec.
Montreal. Toronto and many lesser
cities on its way to the Pacific.
Branch air routes will connect
with Alaska, Detroit. Minneapolis,
Seattle. Tacoma. Chicago, Niagara
Falls, Buffalo and New York.
DAUGHTER SHOOTS FATHER.
Slightly Wounded Man Flees When
Taken to Hospital for Treatment.
Camden. N. J., Dec. 28.?When Will
iam S. Stewart. Burlington Park
quarreled with his wife and threw
her to the floor his 12-year-old daugh
ter Lillian, shot at him today.
The bullet, after striking Stewart
on the head, inflicting a slight scalp
wound, glanced and entered his wife's
arm. Police were summoned and
Stewart wan taken to a hospital, but
fled before his injuries wore treated.
Police are searching for him.
GREAT BRITAIN IN COMPLETE ACCORD
WITH PRESIDENT, SAYS LLOYD GEORGE;
LONDON FORMALLYWaCOMES WILSON
Remarkable Reception Is'
Held Amid Blaze of Red j
and Ermine Robes.
TUMULTUOUS CHEERS
Scene Within Ancient
Guild Hall Never Before j
Surpassed in Splendor.
London, Dec. 28.?Amid a blaze
of red and ermine and blue state
robes, wigs and gowns, and in the
presence of almost every notable
in the British empire, President
and Mrs. Wilson were formally
welcomed to the city of London
today.
Tfrfc reception was held in his
toric Guild Hall, whose walls date
back to the fourteenth century.
The lord mayor and aldermen of
the city of London were the hosts
of the occasion.
Mont Important ^prrrb.
Standing beside the maRnifi^ent
Ix>rd Mayor's chair facing a thousand;
diatin^cuished Knglishmen. President'
Wilson made the most important ad- ?
dress since he began his overseas
Journey. When, after speaking of the
CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE.
<
President Happy
To Join Lovefest,
He Tells Britons
t
London. Dec. 14. ? Immediately fol- i
lowing; his reply to the address pre
sented to him at Guild Hall in a gold
casket, the President and Mrs. Wilson ?
went to the Mansion House where they
were guests of the I^ord Mayor and 1
Mayoress at luncheon. Amon* the I
other prominent guests was the Ouke :
of Connaught.
Mrs. Wilson was presented with a j
bouquet by the lx>rd Mayor's daugti- !
ter.
When President Wilson rose to re- |
ply to the welcome of the L/>rd Mayor
he was given a great ovation. He
assured his listeners that he is ?K>t '
the bloodl?*>s thinking machine, whieo 1
he said, many believed him to be. He
said the Scottish strain in him held
in check many of his "human quali
ties." but that he believed his "occa
sional irresponsibility" must be due
to his Celtic blood.
Before going to the Guild Hall, the
President went to the American Em
bassy. where he received several dele
gations. Viscount Grey, Arthur Hen
derson. Herbert Asquith. Viscount
Bryce. the Archbishop of Canterbury
and others assured him of their en
thusiastic support of his pea?-e pro
gram. ?
>1rmorinl from
Henderson, representing the Trades
I'nion Council. presented Wilson
CONTINUED OS PAGE FIVE.
Mrs. Wilson Wins British
Hearts by Queenly Charm
Press Characterizes President's Wife as "Gra
cious and Stately"?Say Her Smile is ?
Individual and Spontaneous.
London, Doc. 28.?Mrs. Wilson cap
tured the hearts of the Londoners, not
because she is the wife of a great
man, but by her own charms.
">?? Queen ct>vrid be more qmenkr in
manner." says the Daily Chronicle.
"No great lady could be more Kra
c.ous, no woman more utterly winning
than President Wilson's wife.
"Mrs. Wilson is a tall, stately
woman, who has all the chic of a
French woman. As she shook hands
those who saw her realized the differ
ence in her manner from that of an
ordinary 'society woman.' There was
firmness arid strength in her grasp,
and her smile was intensely individ
ual and altogether spontaneous.
"She said she was enjoying every
RAILWAYS NET
105 MILLIONS
Keturns Show Big Earn
ings Under U. S. Con
trol; Expenses Larger.
Net earning of 1R1 American rail
roads for the month of October were
J1C5.959.693, 'according to data made
public by the Interstate Commerce
Commission last night. The operating
revenues for the month were $489,332,
259 and the expenses were $3>*3.372.5G6.
In October last year, the roads earn
ed $122,487,092, or nearly $17,000,000 more
than for th#? same month this year.
The reason far the decrease is shown,
however, by a difference of $522 per
mile more in operating expenses for Oc
tober, 1918, over the same month in
1917. Operating revenues were only
$461 more this year than last year,
the figures show.
Despite a gross operating revenue
of $4,032,234,144 for the ten months
ending November 1. the railroads
earned, net. only $7S5,14S,215, as com
pared to net earnings of $1,011,121,215
for the same period in 1917. The op
erating expenses this year, however,
were $3,247,085,929. while for the ten
months' period in 1917. operating costs
were approximately $950,000,000 lower.
Foreign Trade Markets
Object of Convention
Memphis. Y>ec. 28.?Frospects of
forming Southern valley-wide or
ganization to promote foreign trade
will be discussed at the Mississippi
Valley foreign trade convention.
January 13. in New Orleans, which
will be attended by a delegation of
the local chaml^r of commerce,
Joseph Newburger, chairman of the
loreign trade committee of the
chamber, will head more than twen
ty delegates from this city.
Association delegates from through
out the South will be in attendance.
The foreign trade convention
hopes to provide adequate shipping
facilities from Gulf ports to mark
ets of Mexico, Central and South
America, the Orient. Australia,
Africa and Europe.
Flier Falls 1,000 Feet,
Suffers But Slight Bruises
Boston, Dec. 28.?Hundreds of per
sons on the water front late today
saw a naval aviator fall 1,000 feet in a
seaplane, the machine landing in the
harbor.
The aviator, whose name was no1
made known, escaped with slight
bruises. He was rescued from the
machine, to which he was strapped,
by a naval patrol vessel.
The plane, which was a new one,
was being taken from the Charles
town Navy Yard, to the aviation sta
tion at Chatham.
moment of her visit. The warm wel
come of the crowded street* hag been
to her a joyous revelation of English
friendship.
"She received titled women and
American nurses and shook hands
with all with the same warmth indis
criminately. The visit of th#? Presi
dent's wife was like the passing or a
queen in medieval Rome.'*
The Daily Express says:
"Mrs. Wilson. America's queen, cap
tured all with the graciousness and
sincerity of her smile She Joked about
her Pocahontas ancestry, saying:
" 'Everybody hails me as a r?-d In
dian. I feel I ought to give a *ar
whoop wherever I go, so as not to dis
appoint the people.' "
HUN GENERAL
! TO JOIN SOVIET
j
j I. * N- "idV
Ludendorf Reported to
Have Offered Services
to Lenine.
! London. Dec. 2S.?Gen. I^udendorff.
i former commander-in-chief of the
i German armies, was variously re
? ported today as preparing to blossom
j out as a bolshevik general and as a
j rising young author.
i A "Copenhagen dispatch quoted the
, Svenska-Dagbladet as saying Russisn
i refugees reported Ludendoi IT had ar
| rived in Russia and confered with
Nikolai I^enine. the bolshevik pre
J mier. The refugees said they believed
| Ludendorff would take over command
i of 'he soviet army.
i The Kreuz Zeitung. according to an
Amsterdam dispatch, says Ludendoiff.
j living secretly in Germany, is com
pleting his memoirs, in which hp deals
I with Germany's responsibility for the
j war, and with the Bucharest and
! Brest-Litovsk treaties.
H
Lucky Stones" Prove
Unlucky for Woman
Doing Mail Business
"Lucky stones" have proved unluckv j
for Miss Helen P. IV>lan. Tremont |
street. Boston.
Postmaster General Burleson vester
! day issued a fraud order against her
for using the mails to advertise lucky
stones alleged to possess occult and
mysterious powers.
This is at least the second time that
the stones have turned false to their
name, according-lo Mr. Burleson. Tho
other time was in 1915 when Walter I.
Rand, who also used the sarm* Boston
j address and who employed Miss Dolan
at the time, had a fraud order issued
against him.
Rand not only had his mail stopped,
but he was afterward tried and con
victed for violation of the criminal
code, and served nine months in the
House of Correction at Plymouth for
doing what Miss Dolan is charged
with doing through the mails.
Miss Dolan. moreover, the Postman
ter General finds, endeavored to show !
sympathy for her former employer
when he was released from prison,
and employed him as her assistant in
the lucky-stone buiiness until the gov
ernment swooped down on them for
the second time.
BOLSHEVIK] WANT PEACt. *
Copenhagen. Dec. 2S.-M Litvinoff.
the Russian Bolshevik minister, has
arrived in Stockholm, and announced
that his government applied to
President Wilson to secure peace for
Russia.
*
Conference With Wilson
Results in Perfect Unity,
Premier Declares.
PEACE PLANKS LAID
Dnly Minor Details to Be
Worked Out Before
Paris Sessions Open.
London, I)cc. 28.?"There it
:omp1ete agreement between Great
Britain and the United States on \
ill peace problems," Premier 1
Lloyd George told American cor-?-"??
espondents whom he received at
lis residence tonight.
The Prime Minister added that
everything affecting the peace sit
uation had been gone into at the
ronfercnces with President Wil
son and there had been no dis
putes.
Seen l.?iunl Harmony.
He expressed hi* confident belief
;hat equal harmony would be found
Hmonc the other allies. He said h?
was "deliphted" over the Prwidnf
visit.
The premier's statement that there
was complete harmony lietween the
twi, preat English-speakirtp nation*,
was generally interpreted at meaning
that the solution of the problems of
the freedom of the seas and the
league of nations cs pir-sented by
President Wilson has been a<.-cepte4
entirely bv the British statesmen.
Foreipn Minister Balfour told the
correspondents the Presidents visit
had been "productive of vast pood.**
The premier indicated in his talk
wilh the correspondents that only
minor details repardmp the peace
problems would be considered at to
night's dinner. This will close the
President's conversation?* with the
British statesmen until the first pre
liminary session is held in Paris.
Agree on Many Urnir*.
Foreign Secretary Balfour, wl
ceived the correspondents at th?
eign Office, said that correspoi
with Washinpton by cable had ?
ed in an agreement upon many
Involved l>efore the President ai 4
Mr. Balfour emphasized that
plete unity exists between At rtrjKmUL*
and Great Britain.
Premi<*r Bloyd <?eoipe told the f(
paper men that the main jw-n?-e n
had Wen discussed with Pm 1
Wilson and that a practical t
ment concerning them had
reached
The Premier did not specify just
what issues were La Ken up at the de
liberations. but he indicated that the
subjects discussed were of basic im
portance. and that only details and
eertain applications remained to be
worked out.
He said he expected this would be
done speedily, making poK^.ble the
signing of peace earlier than had l?een
anticipated.
The British peace delegates will go
to Paris January J? or i??.
Former Soldier Is Nabbed
As Restaurateur's Slayer
Little Rock. Dec. 2S.?J. W. Staunton.
tZ. recently dis^harped at Camp "Pike,
was arrested h?ne today, charped with
the murder of Peter Stavros. manager
of a restaurant near the camp, on
the nipht of December 12.
Stavros was murdered while sleep
inp in a room in th? rear of his restau
rant. Robbery was the motive for
the crime, but the slayer overlooked
^7 in Stavros* pillow.
n
Solon Flies
To NewYork
In 3Vi Hours
Senator Jones Reaches
Height of 3.000 Feet;
Averages 120 Miles an
Hour.
Mineola. N*. V., Dec. ;r.?Senator
Wesley L. Jones, of Washington
State, arrived here today in an air
plane from Washinpton. D C.. mak
inp the trip in three and a half
hours. He was piloted by L>ieut.
IxigS in a Curtis* type dual control
plane, which made only one stop at
Philadelphia to replenish the gaso
line supply.
Bieut Lo>rc soared to a height of
3,000 feet at times. Th*? thermome
ter registered as low a* fifteen de
grees below zero. The Senator was
dressed in the regulation aviator's
costume. A strong head wind re
tarded the flight somewhat but an
average speed of 120 miles an hour
was maintained.
This is the longest flight made by
a United States Congressman. Jones
was greatly pleased with the trip
and declared the possibilities for
the development of airplane* for
commercial uses were unlimited.
He also predicted that an effort
would he made to hav?- Congr.ss
give the question of airplane
development in peace time greater
consideration.
Before leaving the flying fleld
here for New York. Senator .Tone*
said he intends returning to Wash
ington by airplane with Bieut. Lofg
on Monday.
Two hydroplanes of the mail serv
ice of 'the Naval Air Station, at
Anacostia. yesterday cncountere4
two snowstorms at a height of
feet en route to the Anacostia han
gars from Hampton Roads. They
were forced to seek a low altitude.
They made their way. buffet ted bjr
a strong head wind, into the city
at 4:15 o'clock, two hours late.

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