Rain today, coldtjf at night: to
morrow much colder and probably
fair. Moderate wrtnd*.
Lowest temperature. 32; highest.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
WASHINGTON, D. C.. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 1, 1919.
la Ma?kfnari*B and
ElM-wkrrc Twt CeaU,
BABY 1919 RIDES
TO WAITING CITY
ON RAIN CLOUD
Throats of Watch Party
Only Dry Thing in
PLENTY OF DANCING
Outdoor Fetes Abandoned
But Indoor Celebrations
Joyous As of Old.
BORN?To Mr. and Mrs. World, at
midnight. Baby 1919. Mother and child
And the baby found Washington wet
outside, dry within, rather quiet, but
Very, very happy withal.
For what mattered bone-dry laws
when there was plenty to eat, plenty
of dance music?and a whole world
full of peace?
Staid and sober Washingtonians and
I*?s dignified newcomers gathered in
the various restaurants, hotels and
homes of the city, first to dance and
fline. and then to watch the Old Year
4le. It was a jolly wake.
Twelve o'clock midnight.
'And as the Old Year slipped away,
passing to the tune of jazz music and
the sound of dancing feet. Baby 1919
? lipped in and rubbed his baby eyes in
astonishment at his first introduction
t* the reputed grave and sober Na
tional Capital celebrating its second
dry New Year Eve.
For a second he thought he must
^ave missed connections and landed
in Baltimore by mistake. But the
sight of certain grave individuals,
backgrounded by the Washington
Monument, and unmistakably labeled
.^?Congressmen" reassured him.
Ride* In on Hnln ( loud.
^fhe weather man, muffled in a
Mackintosh and rubbers, ushered the
New Year in on a sportive rain cloud.
Apparently he cared not how many
Parties of the "Just and the unjust"
?e spoiled by his caprice. Even the
Wrongest of heart looked askew when
mention was mad* of the ?thud on the
toads leading to Baltimore and many
,4 Washington home found the head
vt the family snuggled in their midst
the coxy warmth of a horrte fire, all
And. as perverse as weather men
-ire supposed to be. he issued the man
?:fate early this morning that storm
clouds would descend over the city all
lay and that instead of lifting in the
ate afternoon the thermometer would
-'all, leaving Washington both wet
?nd shivering. "Rain today, and
lightly colder in the afternoon." was
tf>r tfi? firs: da/
1 the'' New Year.
Cnlln to Be Popalnr.
With outside parties an impossibil
ity. It is believed that the receptions
nd open-house gatherings planned
y the various organizations of the
; ity will he exceedingly popular this
Jew Year's. Practicallly all the ser
ice clubs, social centers, and semi
?ublic societies are extending some
CONTINUED ON TAGK THREE.
GIRLS ON JOB
Jew York Hotel Men's As
sociation Saves New
New York. Dec. 31.?The threatened
imper on New York's New Year Eve
?lebration by the strike of waiters
nd cooks of twenty-five large dining
?tablishments was averted when the
->tels and restaurants put on girls to
?>ke the strikers' places.
The strike was not to have gone
sto effect until evening, when it
ould be most felt, but a union order
i noon sent the waiters, kitchen men
?id bus boys off their jobs in time
? affect the noon meal. Employes of
te Ritz Carlton. Biltmore. Murray
-fill, Chatham. Ansonia, Breslin and
iher hotels walked out. and some of
: nese places had to close their dining
>oms until girls previously provided
>r by the Hotel Men's Association
ould be rushed in.
Strikers at the Great Northern,
Kndi^ott and Beaux Arts re
y-TH vT *. w iCc when the proprietors
*< o r demands. The Plaza,
Waldorf Astoria, St.
rbilt. Sherry's and others
ive V n wi'hout union help fof sev
/AN DYKE AND HUGHES
HAND HEARST JOLT
Refuse to Serve with Him on May
or's Welcoming Committee.
New York. Dec. 31.?The names
Dr. Henry* Van Dyke, former
minister to The Netherlands, and
Tharles E. Hughes, former Justice
the Supreme Court of the United
States, today were added to the list
of those who have declined to serve
jb the mayor's committee to wel
come returning soldiers because of
?.he presence of William R. Hearst,
\m chairman of the committee.
Correspondence between Hughes,
? He mayor and Van Dyke was made
public today. Bgth Van Dyke and
Hughes expressed appreciation of
invitation to serve, but declared
Hearst s presence prevented.
"I suppose If you and Mr. Hearst
had been of draft age," the mayor
wrote, "and had been called by the
government, you would have refused
TO REVISE TREATIES.
Change Trade Pacts.
1 (Tokyo, Dec. 31. ?Japan is preparing
:* revise ;tfl its trade treaties with
treign nations, it was officially an
punced today. .
A committee of thirty-one is being
rpuiised. It will seek at the Paris
<eace Conference to obtain new
reattes along the lines desired by
Chairman Hoover Reports'
Arrival of Relief Ships
VIENNA FACES DANGER
Food Situation in Poland
Cablegrams from Herbert Hoover
in Paris received by the Food Ad
ministration here give a picture of
the huge problem he is facing in
helping to feed Europe.
Chaotic conditions in the Balkans
where distress is very acute are re
I ported by the American Food Ad
ministrator. and he says there i8
only a ten days' food supply visible
for the 2,000.000 people of Vienna.
"The first cargo of foodstuffs
shipped through the co-operatiop of
the Wor Department and Food Ad
ministration ha* arrived at Trieste,"
Mr. Hoover cables, "and other car
goes should arrive at Cattaro and
other points on the Adriatic Sea in
the next three days.
Sappliex Kench Serbln.
"These supplies are intended for
Serbia and the territory recently
amalgamated with Serbia in Bosnia
and Montenegro, where the distress
is very acute. The only connection
is by railroad from the Adriatic Sea.
the Bulgarians having destroyed the
railroad from Salonika. Greece, be
yond the possibility of repair inside
| of four months.
| "Col. Mcintosh has already ar
rived in Trieste, Austria. Col. At
jwood and staff leave tonight for Ra
gusa en route for Belgrade, leav
ing representatives at Cattaro and
other points. Dr. Vernon Kellogg.
Col. Grove and Hugh Gibson left
Berne last night by special train for
Warsaw, by way of Vienna, to take
charge of relief measures which it
is hoped to develop for Poland.
1 nvewtigating Vienna.
"A commission representing the
American. French, British and Ital
ian governments, under the chair
manship of Dr. Alonzo Taylor, with
the assistance of Capt. T. T. C.
Gregory, U. S. A., left last night for
Vienna in response to representa
tions as to the dangerous situation
which has devel.^pe.d in that city.
"The representatives of the Viennese.
*T*r;y*cir>aHtrr 4 at Derne siatc- tnaw
fcod supplies for the 2.000,000 people
ii? tHe ?!ty ot Vienna will not last
more thap ten days.
"Owirg to the disorganization of
railroads in Austria and the separat
ing of Hungary and Czecho-Slovakia,
Vienna is practically cut off from any
Humanln in >eed.
"So far the Bolsheviki have been
kept under control in Vienna, but ad
vices indicate that unless foodstuffs
can be furnished for the city It will
be impossible to maintaih order. The
Swiss government is proposing to for
ward at once abou^ a week's supply,
but the situation in Switzerland will
not permit of their giving more than
a few days' relief.
"The American and allied ministers
in Rumania have telegraphed to
their respective governments that,
after investigating, they are con
vinced that the food supply of Ru
mania will not last for more than
another thirty days and that im
mediate steps for relief must be ta
ken if the country is not to be sub
merged by Bolshevism.
"Methods of relief are under con
sideration but present extreme diffi
culties. The railroads of Rumania are
largely broken down. There is a
j great deal of port destruction and
there is no bunker coal in the Black
, Sea except what can be borrowed
| from allied navies. Further. Rumania
is entirely without funds to pay for
13 TOWNS TAKEN
BY RED TROOPS
Four Villages and Railway
Section Also in Hands of
London. Dec. 31.?Capture of thir
teen towns, four villages and an
important section of railway by
Bolsheviki forces was reported in
a wireless dispatch received from
On Christmas Day. the dispatch
said, the Bolsheviki captured Novo
Zybkoff, Savliyohi. Purovka. Shum
likova. Pogfreltay. KadofT. Kordy.
Orlovka, Klintay, Trupansk and four
Two days later they occupied the
Faporojeki railway from Nejnodne
provsk to Grishine. After a stub
born battle on December 28, the
red army captured Kirbilshof. Tho
same day the Letts took Zegevold,
Berlin. Dec. 29.?The German
army command has telegraphed
strict orders to the eastern com- j
mand against giving arms to Bol- I
shevlk sympathizers, declaring such1
action would be in violation of the i
armistice and might lead to renewal
of the war.
Stockholm. Dec. SI.?Russian
Bolshevik leaders were reported to
day to have arrived In Vilna pre
pared to annex Lithuania to the
TAKE OVER N. AND W. R. R.
Government Guarantees $20,640,
899 Income Annually.
The Railroad Administration yes
terday signed the operating contract
with the Norfolk and Western Rail
road. An annual rental of 120.640.
899 was guaranteed the road and
: ). ?
May His Weapon Prove as Worthy as the Sword
ALL NAVAL MEN
Secretary Daniels Wants
War Time Personnel Con
tinued Another Year.
Continuation of the wartime per-1
sonnel in active naval service during I
the fiscal year 1920 was urged by Sec
retary Daniels yesterday in a hoar-1
ing before the House Naval Affairs
Committee. The Secretary proposed
that by empl ying 106.445 enlisted men
of the temporary personnel and Naval
Reserve Force, with the 143.555 per- j
manent personnel of the regular navy,
the total strength be increased to
250,600. This number of men. he said. |
is deemed necessary to operate the;
ships of the navy and to man trans
Inereuse Only Temporary.
The Secretary made it clear he did
not wish to recommend any increase
in the regular establishment. What
ever additions to personnel arc au-1
thorized for the fiscal year 1920 should !
A wide divergence of opinion exists
among naval authorities, Mr. Dan
iels stated, as to what should be the;
complements of the several types of
naval vessels. Prior to 1911 the num
ber of men required to man an Aracr- i
ican battleship was 900. In 1914 an
increase of 300 was advised, and a
further increase of 200 now Is recom-1
The Secretary also recommended!
that the temporary wage increases
granted to enlisted men during the;
war be made permanent. These ad
vances range from $6 to $15 month, J
according to grade, making the pay j
of the enlisted personnel range from
$36 to $51 a month.
Urges Merit Syutem.
A bill also will be submitted to
the committee, Mr. Daniels said fur
ther, extending the selection system
of promotion for officers to include!
the lower ranks. This would do away
entirely with the seniority rule and
promotions would be ba'sed solely
Discussion among members of the
committee and questions propounded
to Mr. Daniels plainly indicated that
the committee is strongly in favor
of the proposed merit system.
To provide for an increase in per
sonnel to 250.000 for 1920, the Secretary
suggested a legislative rider to the
naval appropriations bill.
The shorter courses of three years
at the Naval Academy will be aban
doned, the Secretary told the com
mittee, and the former four-year
PARIS AIR RAID FIGURES.
441 Killed and 910 Injured Dur
ing Six Months Ended Sept. 15.
Paris suffered 441 killed and 910 in
jured by German air raids and bom
bardment during the six months end
ing September 15.
These figures were received at the
French High Commission here yester
APPROVE VISIT TO U. S.
London, Dec. 31.?With reference
to the visit to'America which King
George is reported to be planning,
the Evening Standard says:
?The war has broken many
precedents. The idea of a return
visit by the King and Queen is
popular ta both countries, which i8
a symbol of the growing sense of
unity between the two nations."
' \ . s- h
>3a<\ 'r#p, VVst fa
Gf' "OLs^ra ichife?? '?
* ?y WOJ 5cot<V ?ftwn
Ix>ndon, Doc. 31.? A strange elco
1 tion story is told by J. H. Whitley,- ,
the new speaker of the llouso of
Commons. It appears that owing ,
to tempestuous weather the little
Scottish island of Rona was I so- |
lated from the mainland from De
cember 10 to 16. It was thus im
possible to record the votes on
polling day. December 14.
The islanders were highly indig
nant at being deprived of their
franchise after having contributed
99 per cent of their eligible men to
army or navy service.
3 Chicago Lives Lost
on Last Day of Year
Chicago, Dec. 31.?Patrick Byrne, a
district agent for the Consumers' Gas
Company, was shot and killed hero to
day by two bandits, who attempted
robbery of the office. Two thousand
dollars in a safe was overlooked by
the men, who escaped. The killing was
the third in twenty-four hours. Hugo
Thomas, a saloonkeeper, was slain )>y
one of three "boy bandits," who at
tempted to rob the saloon soon aftor
he opened for business. Andrew Kv
trek. another saloon man, was acci
dentally killed by his wife during a
quarrel with two visitors.
First Crime of New Year
in Washington Is Murder
At three minutes after twelve the
first report of crime during 1919 ar
rived at police hedquarters, over the
"A murder has just been committed
at Twenty-Sixth and I streets. Louis
Washington, a colored man, was shot,
I think," boomed the voice of a lieu
tenant at the Third Precinct Station
to Lieutenant Ned -Weedon.
Detectives were rushed out on the
New U. S. Steamer Ashore
West of Coast of Wales
London, Dec. 31.?The American
steamer Lake Weston is ashore west
of the Nash lighthouse, according to
a Lloyds dispatch from Cardiff to
day. She is said to be in a critical
The Lake Weston is a stee4 steam
er of 1,949 tons, built at Detroit
this year and owned by the United
States Shipping Board.
2,000,000 Italian Casualty
List, Says Rome Report
Rome, Dec. 31.?Italian casualties
totalled nearly 2,000,000, according to
figures made public today. Unofficial
estimates added 500,000 totally or par
tially disabled as the result of
wounds or illness.
On the Italian front, the official fig
ures gave 16 362 officers and 443,638 men
Jcilled, and 59,709 officers and 1,357,281
men wounded. On other fronts there
were 7,934 officers and men killed and
ChanceDor Ebert 111.
Zurich, Dec. 31.?Chancellor Eb
ert is seriously ill, a Berlin dispatch
reported today. He may be replaced
by Herr Noske, former governor of
Kiel, whose appointment to the new:
German ministry was recently an
WILL NOT SIT
Countess Markiewiez Won
Poll But Refuses to Enter
Ily K. Ci. F1TZHAMOX.
StafT Corrmpondrnt of Universal
London, Dec. 31.?The only woman
member "f Parliament as yet in the
House of Commons will not be in it,"
remarked a witty Sinn Feiner as wc
discussed today the election results
in a New Year's spirit.
Nevertheless, there are two chances
! of a woman taking a seat in the new
j Parliament. The first is that the
1 Countess of Markiewiez may exercise
the woman's privilege to change her
mind. The second chance hinges on
the results of the election in Kensing
l ton, which will not be known until
j Friday, when the winner is likely to
j be the widow of Col. Lucas, who, in
i the eleventh hour, succeeded to the
j nomination of her husband when he
! died just prior to the elections.
Discussing the charges of intimida
| tion alleged against the Sinn Feiners
j by members of the old Home Rule
i and Nationalist parties, the Free
j man's Journal says editorially:
Sinn Feiners Defended.
"Whatever may be said of the
methods employed by them in most
of the constituencies to secure a ma
jority it cannot be denied that the
Sinn Fein put before the electorate a
I straight issue. They invited the peo
! pie to vote for an Irish republic, cn
! tirely separate lrom Great Britain.
The Irish Time? says: "From to
day on the country will begin to ex
pect that the Finn Fein will fuliill
promises which are utterly incapable
of fulfilment. Either its new respon
sibilities will give Sinn Fein some
measure of sanity or it wil. quickly
come into grave conflict with the
forces of law and order.
O'Connor Pnlled Through.
The new father of the house will
be T. P. O'Connor one of the few
| home rulers to survive the landslide,
i There seems to be considerable satis
1 faction in Ireland over Chief Secre
? tary Shortt's victory at Newcastle,
i Shortt having attained considerable
I popularity throughout the country.
The only comment so far of the
Ix>ndon dailies on the threatened ab
sence from Parliament of the 73 Sinn
Feiners elected is along the lines that
J this will ease the task of seating the
increased number of members.
Too Few Laborites.
J. H. Thomas appears likely to be
the leader of the Labor Party in the
In many quarters there prevails the
view that it might have "teeen a good
thing for the country if the labor rep
resentation were twjee as strong, as
it is believed the soundest remedy for
labor unrest lies in plentiful represen
tation in the commons.
It is considered extremely probably
that strikes, ahd perhaps serious dis
orders, will come unless the food
prices are reduced and the future in
terest? of the workers are adequately
The new Parliament probably will
met toward the end of January.
Traitor* Mast Die.
Rort.'H Dec. SI.?The Sup rem*
Jourt KM rejected the appeal of
Capiai nJo Maechlni. aentenced to
TRIP TO STATES;
French President Forecasts
Complete Harmony at
GLAD WILSON CAME
Says His People and Amer-!
icans Have Something
B> \\ I I.I.I A M PHILIP SIMMS.
Copyright 19IM, by Ike I nlted Prram.
Paris, Dec. 31.?President Poincare
is planning to visit the United
States after the peace conference.
He revealed this today during an
Interview with the I'nited Press,
in which he forecast that France,
the United States and the allies in
general, will enter the conference
already agreed on the basis for
No dates and no details have
been fixed for Poincare's visit, but
Jui^e or uly has been tentatively
suggested to him.
"Naturally,'? he said, with a
"as President of the country where
the conference will be hold. I will
be unable to leave before it is
Reports of material differences
air.onK the allies, i'oincare declared
?then reiterated?an' tierman fab
"I do nr?t f??re*#?e the slightest
trouble in arriving at complete ac
cord. even to the details." he said.
"We are already in harmony on i
general lines. The details will b*?
sottlod as soon a* the delegates got
down to work. It will take soup
time, of course, as there is a tre
mendous amount of detail."
Happy Over Visit.
Poincare earlv directed the conver
sation to President Wilson's presence
in France, In an evident desire to
show his appreciation of the Ameri
can Kxecutive's visit.
"We are particularly happy over the
visit of President Wilson. We wish
him joy In his new citizenship, quite
as though this were his own home.
He is bound to play a capital role in j
the conference. Much good has been j
accomplished by his coming. We ap-j
preciate his collaboration, whih has,
been the greatest help.
"Many problems remain to b?i
^o'ved. not irjy fey vcwern Kurof^
HuJ t?r t?T near Africa and
elsewhere Jftll necessarily will come
up at the orference where we hope
at least to have the assistance of
your President in the settlement of
the principles, before his departure.
Poincare smiled, then added:
"There is so much to do he may yet j
have to remain some time among us."
Time for Act*.
I The President greeted the cor res- i
pondent ?t the door of his study in j
the Elyaee Palace and indicated j
I chairs at the side of his desk, aj
beautiful example of the Louis period, i
Only one other person was present, a:
staff captain, who presented the cor-|
| resi>ondent to the President. The lat- ,
ter seated himself at the small desk.}
| a pile of official documents at his _
j elbow. The whole tone of the con
versation was permeated with the!
' president's friendly feeling toward j
In a response to a suggestion that j
the French are modest to the point of
reticence, the President replied:
"Since the war Frenchmen have felt i
this is a time for acts, not words. |
Set upon without warning. France !
was forced to bear the brunt of the ]
fighting. I think the figures of the
under secretary of state for pensions,
M. Abrami. tell the story more graph
ically than mere
(France's total losses to the end of
October were 1.S3LOOO, or nearly 5 per
cent of its population. making
France's casualties the heaviest pro
portionately of any belligerent.)
"In addition to our losses in men."
he continued, "it will take years to i
recover from the purely material set
CONTINXKD OX PAGE THREE.
WILSON TO ANSWER
Premier's "Balance of Power" Ad
dress Not Disturbing to President.
Dover, Dec. 31.?President Wilson will
reply to Premier Clemenceau's speech
regarding "balance of power" at the
The President left England today
perfectly satisfied with the results he
had accomplished and not in the least
disturbed by Clemenceau's state
A careful analysis of the speech in
dicates the French Premier is pre
pared to concede much in the interest
of right. His attitude is not regarded
as any cause for alarm.
Wilson's last act before his depar
ture was to telegraph to King George,
thanking him for his hospitality and
wishing him and his family a happy
New Year and peace and prosperity
for Great Britain.
RESIGNS AS MINISTER.
| Mme. Schwimmer Mentioned As
Hungarian Peace Delegate.
Berne, Dec. 31.?via Pari*.?Mme
Rosika Schwimmer. of Ford peace
ship fame, hns resigned her position
as Hungarian minister to Switzerland,
according to a dispatch from Buda
The report is general that she will
he one of Hungary's delegates to the
Poles Control Posen;
Wires to Berlin Cut
London. Dec.- SI.?Polish forces now
control Posen and have recruited sev
eral German ofllcejrs, disarming oth
ers. a Central News dispatch reported
today- Communication with Berlin
has been cut
ITALY TO GET 75%
OF AUSTRIAN MARINE;
Bj FRED ?. FERGLSOX,
lailfd Prru Mil Csrrespeadeat.
Paris, Dec. SI.?An arangement
has been completed whereby Italy
obtains approximately 76 per cent
and France 25 per cent of the Aus
trian mercantile marine, consist
ing mostly of cargo boats.
The ships, which will fly the in
ternational merchant flag, will be
manned by Italian and French
crews. Thejr will be used to carry
food and supplies.
U. S. Cruiser Sent to Quiet
Disorder in Hun Ports
Copenhagen, Dee. SI.?The American
scout cruiser, Chester, has left Cop
enhagen for Danzig. Two American
destioyers arc reported to have gone
to Due beck.
Danzig is an important port on the
Baltic, in East Prussia. Seve ral dis- I
orders have occurred there recently, f
I,uebeck. is on the Bailie, about 4u j
miles southeast of Kiel, and an equal .
distance northeast of Hamburg The i
two destroyer* with the Chester at
Copenhagen were the Aylwin and the
2162 MORE MEN
ON WAY HOME
War Department Tells of
More Sailings to Reach
Here Next Week.
The War Department yesterday an
nounced the sailing <jf the transport
Santa Marta from France I>ecember
27 for New York, there due January 8
with the following troops:
One hundred and twelve casual offi- I
cers, and color casual detachment No.
3; 1 field officer and 12 men.
Transport Madawaska sailed Decern- j
ber 28 for Newport News, due Janu- !
ary 8 with following troops: Eighty- '
seven officers, 2,^75 men. The organ
izations were as follows: Casual com
panies No. 113, 114. 115. *4. 41*. 400.
comprising 13 officers and 8S9 men. The j
headquarters of 174th infantry brigade, |
3 officers and 10 men.
These headquarters troops will be
discharged at Camp Dix. N. J. Elrht '
casual officers. l.M sick and wounded |
enlisted men, 5? sick and wounded offi
cers. 4 sick and wounded nurses, at- I
tended by 3 officers. 76 men and 4 |
nurses. One Y. M. C- A. civilian.
Transport Douisrille ?a!led *r*>*n ,
Southampton. ? *>T^n?tan<V for 1
York Dec?*n>^er I'.n* Jineitry "?
32 officers a^id 837 men, divided :.**
Casual companies number 1.0CS, three
officer?, 157 men. and the following I
casual companies, ail colored; 100V 1<*?S ,
1089. If70, 1071. totaling twelve officers !
and 607 men. Headquarters In charge
of above casuals, four officers. Total. J
seventy-three sick and wounded men. j
thirteen casual officers, one Japanese I
army officer and ninety-five civilians. |
Other* Due .Innvary 10.
The War Liepurtment also an
nounced the sailing of the Finland
from St. Nazaire December 2!*. due at
Newport News January 10. with!
casuals, second battalion of 345th In- <
far.try of the S7th division 'rora ('amp
Dix. Gen. Martin of the 87th division J
and a small number of miscellaneous ,
Transport Eastern Queen from St. j
Nazaire December 2?. due at Balti-'
more, January 14, with two casual ,
Transport Agamemon from Brest j
December 2S. due New York City, j
January 5. with men from Camps Dix.
Funston. Dodge Grant and Taylor, I
and a number of casuals.
STORY OF LIFE
Born in Austria. Once
Taught German: Says
Chicago. Dec. SI.?Representative
elect Victor L Berger. last of the
five Socialist leaders on trial before
Federal Judge Dandis to take the
stand, today testified in hia own be
half. Berger is regarded as the
chief of the group.
Throughout the trial which is fast
drawing to a close, numerous edi
torials from his newspaper, the Mil
waukee Deader, have been read into
The point was brought out that
he was regarded as a constructive
Socialist by the party generally, and
almost as a reactionary by the ex
tremely radical element.
At the St. Douis emergency con
vent ion in 1917. Berger said he
worked out a war proclamation and
program of his own. but discarded
it when another, drawn up by mem
bers of the Socialist Committee, was
presented to him.
"In the main it expressed my
point of view." said Berger, "al
though some of the phrases were
not what I would have used."
Denle* Being 1. YV. W.
The witness absolutely denied
having conspired with the other
defendants in any way to impede
war activities of the United States.
The fact he once contributed to the
I. W. W. he said. In no way Indi
cated conversion to that organiza
Berger said -he had bought liberty
bonds of each issue, war savings
stamps and had worked for and
subscribed liberally to the Red
Cross flBfc ri
Starting with a history of bis Ufa,
he traced his career in the ranks of
Socialist politics. He was bom tn
Austria. 5% years ago. studied at Tbe
University of Vienna, came t4 Amer
ica when 18 and at 21 taught ?cfc*o!
in Milwaukee, having Germ** and
history classes Then he got ft
touch with Socialism and begMi i
take active party interest.
IN FRANCE; OFF
TO ITALY TODAY
Vast Parisian Crowd Gath
ers Despite Rain to Cbetr
SEES MYSTERY SHIP
Peace Commission to Be
New Year Hosts at Amer
pari*. Doc. Sl.-Preafdeii! Wllaoa a?
rued at the <;?re du Kurd ?i
T >J o'clock tonight Va? ,rirt
crowd, th. raj,way nation
despite the rain. Pari, was mat*,
featlv happy to hare the I'lBtiift
ha. k. thojeh tomorrow be will I**.**
I>urinjr hi* rtav In Italj the Pml.
dent will viait Xaylet. Florence. Yen.
ice anil probably Milan
I'urniR his brief May in Frsnce tfcia
time. President Wilton is not ex.
peeled to touch the political citaa>
Hon. publiclv. although it is prob
able he will hold _ conferences ?ith
i.i* mher# of th. 1'nlted state* Peace
11 ommlMion tc riorro*
( onniMloni rt Atfanant.
The I'nited Stairs Peaep ( ommif
sioner* do not inund to ?i.e
of America's sovereignty In forming
a kmnp of nation*. ev n \f th^ pro
^ Ision is made for an international
This Mas authoritatively stated at
th* American fommisfinn'i head
quarters today in repU to tli* speech
of l'nit*d States Senator Ro*d at
New 1 ork two days ag->. lengthy ex
cerpts of which hew hf-^T, cabled by
York correspondents of French
Not has the American
any intention of o*?aMi>hin? a mm*,
eralissimo to command the r -??n?r
tive leacurs military h*
fnrocK The American '1cle*a.te,
undrr no rlrruir.stan^cs adtr.it
c'au?e wh atever th*t would m
th* T'nit^d K?ato? |nto battle a?a
the consent of the people 0f x
Rrcepflon at 1 . S, ^
NVv Vowr |?*y will he
b> the r p??re
the afternoon at 11., E all
? t*"<imediate* niejr???-?-?? of hi? tmQE tb."
m a. . d?-I.*ffSitt-s arid a nuirS^r of gtm, ^
?cn?5 American corrrcpoa?ent? alfll
b'"' innt.'.i t aitf i <1 lha re
| ; caption. ,?
The Pre,Menl * nd hi. wtf. wera
III. marveitin. ,oi?, ovrf> n_
'?h^n? r,h ,h' Pri,"h
ship. Hyderabad. y?y*terday.
The most thrilling experience of our
*hol.? trip.- exclaimed President WH- |
son irnpulaivelx yesterday. when with ?
hghtning-lik* mpiditv the celebrate* f
Hn.r, victor in many encounters with i
German submarines. was converts*
trorn a so^mlne tramp to a cur,-decked
i ship of war before his eyes.
A Real Fighter.
Only ,n officer ? visible on th*
bridge of the tramp the Mearaar
on which the nr. sidentinl party wet*
passengers ?amc alongside. Ther* waa ^
unheard onrt-r. a snap a eraah.
and the in;.vt.>r> triumph of invea
"" ceniu* blossomed *orth * ">otv?
Mer nf *ir. fully equipped With hi*
CUTIS depth charges. rx, ij firerj and
1-omic.n. I*i ?Toinm^ntinc on4
President Wilson s visit, the DailJft
? H" Presenc. here k ridled a'ron*
moral force, it cr.-at. d nn son ua- .
derstandint and friendship Now
| that w.. have srm and sp.'ken with ^
i Mr W ils..n we .-ann.>t thank htm 1
I better than hv savins; we shouM J
think it a cnlan.ity if he had not
I come to this country?he has I
eUansed th^ approach* < 10 pcuce -
The l?nn>lon Times savs m\
"Even th^ question of the frae-^1
dom of the retarded as th? ^
| on!> r.-al .lifTieuttv h.-twe^p 'ir-et
Hntain and t . t'nited States, will
I yield to treatni. i t in ite spirit that
| has animated the Prei.ii nt> vtait?
PARIS PRESS AT ODDS
ON PREMIER S SPEECH
( Some Conlfnd He Has Kcpodittal ?
League of Nations.
Jj. Paris. Fee. 3J.?Pari* f>? w ?>apen
;disaKre?*d today in their int< -; retatMB ^
| of Premier Olemeuceau'a speech, soma
| contending he had definitely i. r udiat
,ed the league of nation*, vihilc oibmrm
explained that h? had advocaM In
tention of the balance of pow?t**
only until the value af the Uaf?t as
~ substitute is proven.
"Clemenceau does not re?a?t ths
formula of the league of nations, bat ?'
before its value is ;>roven he will not
depend upon it to pr*s?u a* oif na
tional patrimony." said the h^ba &?
Paris. The ilsonian idea ia aotne
bat disconcerting to us. hecaiiM It li
too loaely adjusted to our : rttedlat*
'Xlemencenu repudiated I nBeident
! Wilson 's conceptions of peace pS2a^
pies and bantered his noble ^ndor.*
the Huraamte said "Toioor^v ?ra
I must begin again to arm. builii fort
resses and roeke alliances agalnat
others. To the league of nations, Che
premier did not give even a potita
salute. Our only (guarantee ton)on*VS5w
as yesterday, will be force."
PROMISE WHEAT TO AUS1UA.
[Allies Pledge immediate Deliver?'
of 4.000 Ton*.
V??n? Dec. Sl.-Th? ? ? r?H|^ '
fo?et contnyissioner* nf Bern*
ia#orm?sl Au^trian iepres^nc*t1 v*?a
tkat tlir ajlies will Unmedlatel/ pro
ide [4,OO0 tons #f srhaat fr^ Qer
allied and American joint
ision is coming t? Vienna J
jlate for foitber suppliea,
) *?. a?Th* Brit tab aaTal*"
B^tias lard?4 ntnaa tar
fcir Jk Coaatanltnopic. oannc
nr.rmaJ ntua'.ioo" Uktra. ac
ta a <!.?patcj> ?' ???
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