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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, January 01, 1919, Image 2

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U. S. PEACE MEN
SEEKING ACTION
Senator Reed's Interpreta
tion of League of Nations
Discounted Abroad
By JAY JKROMK WILLIAMS.
ItaflT Correspondent of I'nlvfrnal
Service.
Charts. Dec. 31.?United States
Senator Reed's interpretation of a
ue of nations as set forth In his
?Uch in New York two days ago
Was discussed at American official
Quarters here today.
J .The idea advanced, is that the
r^toerlcan view of a league of na
FHtas, which means the President's
Hkv, does not contemplate an asso
pMllon of the powers qf the nations
ttiat might abrogate the powers of
Congress.
^ j'The President's view of the league
his plans concerning it do not
H that Congress will not have
pt^ver to deal with the question
! OC war or peace. His wish is under
?bod tD be that no false impression
gHteru^Tbe foisted on the American
\_#o they might think the army
ttn - na>y would be under control or
of foreign governments.
Brought Faee to Face.
as these ideas, made
to correspondents today,
fan.*tu;|te the first unofficial utter
ee 'rom official quarters with re
rd to the league of nations, they
deemed extremely interesting.
A^he New Year finds the American
delftgai^s and the President brought
aKarply face to face with the neces
sity 5>f action. They feel that enough
hasjbeen said and that the time has
comft for actinc.
One result of this is the Presi
djfxC* determination to go immedi
ajffiy to Italy. He leaves for Rome
a|y *>'clock tomorrow evening.
Thff shortening of his rest period
here, after the strenuous trip to Eng
land, signifies Mr. Wilson's anxiety to
"start things going."
^ How Land Lie*.
T\& events of the last few days,
principally those in the Chamber of
Deputies, indicate quite clearly how
the land lies. Opinion here is that
the President, in his Manchester ad
dress. in which he dec?it-d the old
aystem of the balance of power, I
formed his answer to Premier Clem- 1
?nceati in the chamber, in which the I
French prime minister suggested the
retention of the idea.
President Wilson's reticence as to
details of his plans regarding Che
league of nations is attributed to the
'act that his visit to Europe has
rotlsed the best opinion in England.
France and Italy, and in the United
8tates as well, on this subject.
All ihat is being said now is deemed
"X ? ictive whereas if the President
ed his details far in advance of
eace Conference the contrary'
BttT nave been the case.
f OES DEMAND VOTE
f ONE DRY QUESTION
"urned Soldiers in Ohio I 7p?v:?
^'Legislation Made in Absen. f.
.?oledo. Ohio. Dec. 31?State-^'Jr
.-tack on the enforcement of the 7 ro
jJKMtion amendment to the State con
stitution has been initiated here tod^x
by the Soldiers and Sailors League,
an organization of some Ohio m?;
who have worn the uniform at horn
and abroad.
Petitions ask an injunction from
the Supreme Court to forbid enforce
ment of prohibition in Ohio until sol
diers and sailors absent November
last have a chance to vote on it.
WILHELM THREATENED?
LEAGUE WILL GUARD!
'frr* Qrganizati?n to Protect Life
? iiddFreedom of Former Kaiser.
Dec. 28.?A league for safe
K t: ft*, the life and freedom of the
r i/wACaiser is being formed today,
,.<Wl*spices of the Tages Zeitung,
i^ljPecently advocated establish
ment a democratic monarchy.
A getwral appeal has been issued to
the people, urging them to join the
^eague. All former diplomats and
Arown counsellors have been asked to
^?lace themselves unreservedly at
"Wilhelm'.i disposal. The argument is
advanced that thf league would lend
great moral support to Holland in
protesting extradition of the former
Kaiser.
"Prince Henry, in declining to head
the league, suggested Field Marshal
von Hindenhurg in his stead.
Prince Henry was quoted today as
declsriftc: that h*? will personally tes
. 'Aat his brother, the former
.'.ti 4m zealously endeavored until
Jm. moment, to avert the war.
n
Wil
hkii Favors League
and Abolition of Subs
rancisco. Dec. 31.?China Is for
te of nations and for abolition
Tiarlne warfare, according to
*s of the Chinese peace mission,
arrived today on the Pacific
. <? ^l^ier Columbia.
I aembers said they believed the
wtates would help the Far East
prt ?<uan- deal.
party included: Maj. T. L.
"Cl , Rear Admiral Tsennan Woo.
Gen. S. T. Liang, Capt. Ken
? t Lin Hu. editor of a Chinese
15 , and T. Y. Wang. The last
dom Is a son of the Speaker of the
her House of Representatives.
- . ^^'ang is a graduate of West
that ^?
rid. A Sinn Feiners
Hoist Irish Flag
Is t < ?
pre) t*l Dec. 31.?Sinn Fein prisoners
? ?*ve barricaded themselves in
Miig of the jail, and declared
harn iterance of the authorities, rail
catic ' iicials reported today.
t f Sj,son^rs ?re said to have ac
Sr enough provisions for a
|4Age. They have hoisted an
W. improvised from a bed cov
faiid are playing revolutionary
Alii ? in instruments made from
*y^. fVSitensils.
* ifWathian in Trouble.
$ fcfork. Dec. 31.?The huge
^Vt leviathan was unable to
?ty <*ae to damage to one of
Vines. The George Washing
?*- ove* the mails and her
% and will sail tomorrow.
i latkan N now expected to
Lboken Janaxry 7.
STORIA
snd children
FOR OVER 30 YEARS
X1
FIFTY GREAT EVENTS
OF 1918, VICTORY YEAR
( I.) Jan. 5?President Wilson names fourteen points necessary
to peace, in speech before Congress.
( 2.) Feb. s?British transport Tuscania torpedoed and sunk Off
Irish coast by German submarine; 170 American
soldiers lost.
( 3.) Mar. 2?Russian Bolsheviks sign Brest-Litovsk treaty, giving
up one-quarter of European Russia to Germany.
( 4.) Mar. 4?Rumania surrenders to Germany.
( 5.) Mar. 21?Germans start "spring offensive" on West Front,
aiming to capture Paris and Channel ports.
( 6.) Mar. 23?"Mystery guns" of Germans begins shelling Paris
from distance of seventy-four miles.
( 7.) April 12?Marshal Haig, to British troops in Flanders: "We
are fighting with our backs to the wall."
( 8.) April 20?Americans defeat Germans at Seicheprey.
( 9.) May 4?Third American Liberty Loan oversubscribed.
(10.) May s?Austrians start "drive" on Italy.
(11.) May 15?Air mail service starts between Ne^y York and
Washington.
(12.) May 29?Americans capture CANTIGNY.
(I3-) June 3?Five German submarines attack shipping on U. S.
Atlantic Coast.
(14.) June 11?American Marines defeat Germans at BELLEAU
WOOD.
(15.) June 12?Air mail starts between London and Paris.
(16.) June 17?Italians, British and French defeat Austrians on
Piavc River in first of a series of battles.
(17.) June 26?"Flu" attacks German army in France.
(18.) July 1?Canadian hospital ship Llandovery Castle sunk off
Irish Coast by German submarine; 234 lives lost.
(19.) July 4?American yards launch ninety-one ships.
(20.) July 6?Austrians defeated in Albania.
(21.) July 12?King and Queen of Belgium travel by airplane, Lon
don to France.
(22.) July 18?Foch launches entente ally and American offensive
against Germans in France.
(23.) July 20?Germans retreat across Marne River.
(24.) July 21?Americans and French capture CHATEAU
THIERRY.
(25.) July 26?Revolt in Prague, Bohemia.
(26.) July 29?Interallied food council formed in London.
(27.) Aug. 8?British attack Germans in Picardy.
(28.) Aug. 9?Riots in Japan due to high cost of rice.
(29.) Sept. 1?"Wheatless days" end in United States.
(30 ) Sept. 12?Americans defeat Germans at St. Mihiel.
(31.) Sept. 12?Thirteen millions, 18 to 20 and 32 to 46, register in
United States for military duty.
(32.) Sept. 30?Bulgaria surrenders to allies.
(33.) Oct. 18?Prague Czecho-Slovaks declare independence.
(34.) Oct. 20?Fourth American Liberty Loan oversubscribed.
(35.) Oct 27?Germany appeals to Wilson for peace.
(36.) Oct. 28?Austria asks separate peace.
(37.) Oct. 31?Turkey unconditionally surrenders to allies.
(38.) Nov. 3?Austria accepts armistice amounting to uncondition
al surrender.
(39.) Nov. 4?Republican party regains control of Congress.
(40.) Nov. 9?William Hohenzollern abdicates German throne.
Flees to Holland.
(41) N ov. 9?Ebert Socialist government formed in Germany.
(M.) N ov. 11?Officially announced in Washington that Germany
accepts armistice amounting to complete surrender.
(/}.) Nov. 12?Karl Hapsburg abdicates Austrian throne.
(?-t-) Nov. 21?German high seas flee> surrenders to British Ad
miral Beatty. Taken to Firth of Forth for in
?j tertiment.
(4J.) ^ov. 22?Belgiafn King and Queen re-enter Bruss?.
(46.) Dtc. 4?President Wilson and American peace delegates sail
from New York for France; to attend peace con
ference to be held in Versailles in January.
7?"Britain Day" celebrated, for first time, in United
States.
Dec. 13?President Wilson and party land at Brest, France;
given unprecedented welcome and proceed to Paris.
(49.) Dec. 25?President Wilson eats Christmas dinner with Ameri
can troops in Germany.
(50.) Dec. 28?President Wilson is the guest of King George of
England at a banquet in Buckingham Palace,
London.
OUT OF ARMY,
ALSO HIS HOME
Prince Karl Finds Yankee
Soldiers Occupying
Castle.
By WEBB MILLER.
United 1'rena Stuff Correspondent.
I American Headquarters in Germany.
Dec. 30.? (By courier to Nancy)?
; Prince Karl, of Hohenzollern, a dis
tant relative of the Kaiser, lost his
job as a lieutenant general in the
German army. So he came home to
rest up in tjje quiet and solitude of
his family castle at Andernach.
But he found neither quiet nor soli
tude?the castle had teen taken over
by the Americans, and was doing
business as the Hotel De Doughboy.
The prince, however, accepted the,
situation in a philosophic mood. He
even consented to be interviewed by
an American newspaper man.
Disapprove* Bombing.
The utmost disapproval of the
bombing of open cities and of unre
stricted submarine warfare was ex
pressed by Prince Karl. Germany, he
said, ought never to have started sub
marining?unless she was sure it was i
going to be a success. He pretended j
to know nothing of America's senti
ments regarding the Lusitania.
The Prince deplored the fact that I
German propaganda was not con- !
ducted on a larger scale. He partic-1
ularly regretted that it was so'
clumsy in its work in the United
States.
He said that German diplomatic
officials disregarded national psychol
ogy?sort of intimated that the allies
doubted crossed them by not reali?
ing they were whipped.
In conclusion. Prince Karl paid a
high tribute to the American soldiers.
They weren't very strong on military :
fol de rols, he said, but how they
could fight.
Conference Arranged
to Settle Big Strike
Schenectady, N. Y., Dec. 31?1The
first step toward a settlement of the
strike of 20,000 workers at the Sche
nectady plant of the General Electric
Company, was taken today when
Mayor Charles Simon arranged for a
conference between the strikers and
General Manager G. E. Emmons, of
the General Electric Company to be i
held at 4 o'clock this afternoon.
The men have been out since De
cember 19. They struck in sympathy
with workers at the Erie plant of the
General Electric Company.
-***? *?? Affect Head.
3^?"*J* "? J""* and " effect. LA XA
.T- J"ROMO QUININE (Tabfcta). can M
by anyaaa without causing nerroanna or
3S2JS <>"!t ??' "Bronw
'E^Tat-AdT GBm *'B tfcaatara on tha
I A. 4 -
BRITISH FAVOR i
LABOR COURT
Cabinet Planning to Ask
Peace Delegates for
Commission.
London. Dec. 31.?Establishment of
a permanent international court to
adjust employment conditions as part
of the league of nations is being con
sidered by the British cabinet, the
Express announced today.
"The war cabinet is considering a
proposal to ask the peace delegates to
appoint a commission for Investiga
tion of the question of international
adjustment of conditions of employ-,
ment," said the Express.
"A plan is expected to be submitted
?for establishment of an international I
court to secure joint action on such
matters. It is certain the suggestion i
will be adopted, and it is certain
such an organization would grow out i
of the Peace Conference as part of I
the league of nations.
"France cordially sympathizes with
labor's demands that it be represent
ed in the negotiations, and it is likely
that several employers and workmen
will go to the conference.
2 B
Canadian Labor Appeals
for Skidmore's Release
Stratford, Ont.. Dec. 31.?The De
partment of Justice was expected'
today to order the release of Arthur
Skidmore. local labor leader, im-'
prison?d for having in his posses
sion copies of the "Canada For
ward," a social democrat publica
tion. Labor troubles are threatened
unless the government heeds ap
peals for Skidmore's immediate re
lease.
Skidmore was arrested on Christ
mas day. He was sentenced to
thirty days in jail without option, in
addition to a fine of $500, or six
month's imprisonment in default of
payment.
The "Forward" was put under ban
by the government during the war.
Huns Plan New Labor Party.
Copenhagen, Dec. 31.?The Spartacus
Congress, which opened In Berlin
yesterday, unanimously resolved to
form a new communistic labor party
and break away from the independent
Socialists, a dispatch from that city
reported today. M. Radek, of the
Russian Soviet government, addressed
the Congress.
Sharp Visits Brother.
Elyrla, Ohio, Dec. 31.?Wm. Graves
Sharp. United Stated Ambassador to
France, arrived here today to visit
his twin brother, George W. Sharp,
retired author, who haa been 111 or
Influenia. He will return te Paris In
two weeks.
CASUALTY LIST
APPROACHES END
Name of Only One Wash
ingtonian Announced by
Department Today.
Only one Washington name ap
peared on this morning's casualty
list, and t he total for Virginia,
Maryland and the District of Co
lumbia is only three, all of them
reported as severely wounded in ac
tion.
The War Department is starting
the new year well by reporting no
captain erskim: <;oiu>on
deaths today. This does not neces
sarily indicate that all the deaths
have been reported but it would ap
pear from the great decrease in the
lengths of the casualty lists now
being reported that the worst is
over and the end in sight.
The Washington man on today's
list is Private James R. Blackiston,
severely wounded in action, whose
residence is given as 307 Van street
southwest.
(?ooil \f?? With Hn?I.
News of the death in action of one
Washington man, the wounding of
another and the safe re*urn of a
third, previously reported a German
prisoner, reached Washington by of
ficial dispatches yesterday afternoon.
"Johnny" Saxon, formerly captain
of the Central High School football
team, was killed in action a month
before the armistice was signed, ac
cording to word received by his
mother. Mrs. John W. Saxon, at her
home in Kensington, Md. Saxon was
a member of the District National
Guard and has been in France since
1U17.
Hugh A. Reid, previously reported
missing in action, is wounded severely
and has been located in a French
hospital, the latest report states. Reid
formerly lived at 14<j5 F street north
west.
*l'hm uicbt P^iaonrr Safr. ^
Gunnery Sergt. Joseph D. Bayila, of
the Marine Corps, who was previously
reported prisoner at Rastatt, Ger
many, after being captured in a fight
in the Argon no Forest, on October 4.
has returned fo duty in France. He
is a member of the same company as
his brother, Lieut. Charles I), Baylis,
who has be? n a member of the Marine
Corps for eight years. Their mother
is Mrs. Charles D. Baylis, of 1430 V
street northwest.
$250,000 MEMORIAL
FOR JERSEY "YANKS"
Funds for Big Assembly Hall lo Be
Raised By Popular Subscription.
Trenton, N. J . Deo. 31.?New Jersey's
memorial to her sons, who took part
in the world war is to be a great as
sembly hall, erected on state-owned
land here at an estimated cost of
$2aO.OOO. The project was officially en
dorsed today by the State House Com
mission. made up of Governor Edge.
Comptroller Bugbee and Treasurer
Read. Also, they each pleadged Jluo
to the fund that will be raised by
popular subscription.
It is planned to build an auditorium
to seat 2,500 people, with a gallery
that will have twenty-one niches, one
for each county wherein will be
bronze tablets bearing the names ot
fallen heroes. There will also be a
library for the names of all who
served, with their records. The hall
will be devoted to public meetings.
Milk Famine Threatens
As N. Y. Dairymen Strike
New York. Doc. 31.?New York faces
a milk famine.
The Dairymen's League announced
this afternoon that no milk would be
given to New York distributors until
the January price is agreed upon.
The dairymen's strike will begin
tomorrow morning. More than sixty
thousand farmers will hold back their
milk, it is stated.
WILL RESUME PROBE
OF "AMERICAN" HUNS
Committee Investigating German
Propaganda to Reconvene.
Senator Overman, chairman of the
Senate Judiciary subcommittee, ln
veatl?atlnK the purchase of the
Washington Time. and German
propaganda In the country, haa
called the subcommittee to recon
vene on Friday, January 3 I
?eZk*r' Drputy Attorney
Genera! of New York, who.e term
?L*?. Pd la" nl*ht- will be
the first witness to appear before
the subcommittee. Mr. Iieck? wag
on the stand when the subcommlt
.bef?re the Chris,ma.
.J?,'"""?' 1' th" allen ???y cu.
todtan bearing upon the extent and
value of German owned property in
terests <n the United States will
also be introduced before the hear
ings close.
There I. little prospect of the
hearing, being concluded before the
end of January. MaJ. E Lowrv
Humes, of the Judge Advocate Gen
eral s office i nd prosecuting attor
ney for the subcommittee, an
nounced yesterday after a confer
ence with Senator Overman.
WARNS BRITAIN
OF BOLSHEVISM
Remedy Lies in "Better
Chance for Bottom Dog,"
Says Barnes.
n, l:. FIT7.H % MO>,
j Stuff < ?rrr?pond?-nt of Lnlversal
Sfrvlff.
theTa^ :" -Gpor?'" * Barnes.
|the labor loader and member of the
I Xews?a Wr"M the Evening
'fro? Jin"" Wi'L hr ,wo "robl"ms con
j fronting us during the coming year
I ln"r?a?. the other external.
iL-er llr, t0 the fln,t- ,h* dan
a<"< antagonism due large
Ij to the Prewar neglect on the part
Bolsheevism.,C,anS- Wh'Ch has Produc<*
"The remedy lies in making ,,p a
.eeuay, in proving that the war really
weM tnU?! susceptibilities of the
, ~ Thpre mu"t be a real er
^ttomdogC " he"er ChanC" to the
wi;ihrhrx,i'rnai rrobi<'mb?und UP
! jn ? ?5UP. of na'ions. and that.
I m. n , u". ! 'h*' <""?"?'? "f arma
Hn 11 *' l!i a" excess or
suns, there will always be the risk of
heir going off. The way to lessen
nroh'ihif abolish conscription and
prohibit private profit-making in their
manufacture.
| I rg.- International Armory.
I. [ ? ">> m'nd. therefore, safety lies
in limiting the armament, providing
j an international arsenal from whica
jlh. nations can be rationed as we
i? U r . recently?and successfully ra
| f"'"' {or Individuals. The gun*
jth. n will fall into the right place, ag
! gr. ssive warfare would cease and
moral force would l,egln to assume its
uHmate Place among the nations.
I nope that in the coming war nil
!T.rriIr. "5ir k"'K wl" promote prog-,
T bftiiT* <i * *,WO "wn **hici.
* 1 future of the
IU. S. Learns Hun Secrets
of Submarine Building
1 na\ y has obtained compre
hensive data as to German subma
rine construction through its agen
cies abroad. This will be available
for incorporation into American
submarines should building of that
I type Of Weapon continue
H i" regarded likely however that
th, I .ace Conference will undertake
[to prescribe rules for T-boat war
1 fare largely curtailing their use. It
is f. It among a large group of navy
me" that they Should be confined to
operations against battlecraft.
Board Starts Releases
of Requisitioned Ships
! ?'i",,Vaf.P . ?J reQuisitioned ships bv
th I nited .states Shipping Board has
terrh.v lT?' " ^us annoi?>ced yes
1,1,..,' rl i VeT S of a capacity up
to deadweight to,us will be turned
back to their owners. The actual re
lea.se will take place at its next ar
rival in I nited States port.
operation of the boats, so far as con
tr l of rates and trade routwi are af
t'd- still will ronain with the
Snipping Hoard for the present.
Calls Father to Dinner;
Finds Him Dead; Suicide
John Allen Joy, 73 years old. was
found dead in his bedroom at
Kir t street southwest, with an open
ga- tube in his mouth, yesterday
j aft. i noon.
M s John A. Hayes, his daughter.
| not <-od his absence during the morn
ing and supposed him to be sleeping
I in his room. When she went up to
. au , ken him for dinner he was found
I dead in a chair.
Jlj- F.DVUXD \ MCI3 COOK R.
A New World for the New Year!
La> ihe dead Pa;t on its dismal bier.
The hideous monster of the triple-head.
Menace, Malignancy and Might, is dead.
And they who died to slay it hold it fast
Within a deepening grave. The Past is past.
Let- us, the lis )ng, see that no new seed
Of despotism r|ars a later breed.
We are as all n*n are, and should we go
The Prussian p#*h shall meet the Prussian woe.
"Whoso shall take the sword dies by the sword!"
So spake a Mai) whom men call Lord,
And Truth is even as true for you and me
As spoken \*i the shores of Galilee.
Wherefore the Past being past, shall we not rear
A New Wokld for the New Year?
ERIN SITUATION
HOLDS DANGER
Secretary Short t Says Dub
lin Convention Will
Make History.
By KI)WI> HULLHCER.
Halted Pre** Staff < orrr*pondeitt. j
London, Dec. 31.?The coming ?>*
months will decide whether the Irish
question will be settled peacefully or
bloodily," Edward Shortt, chief secre
tary for Ireland, told the United Press
today.
The Dublin conventio: next montn,
at which an attempt to form an Irish
republic may be made, is expected to
be the deciding issue.
"The Sinn Feiners have an oppor
tunity to show their capability,"
Shortt declared. "Sane, cool action
is now of the most vital importance
for Ireland. We will not permit any
^advocates of extreme physical force
to gain control of the situation.
"I do not consider that the large
Sinn Fein vote in the recent parlia
mentary elections show*; a demand for
separation from England. I believe
that from 60 to 70 per cent of the Sinn
Feiners can be persuaded to accept
home rule."
Convention Important Event.
From other authoritative sources
the United Press learned that the
Dublin convention undoubtedly will
constitute the most important event
in modern Irish history. It will be
attended by 200 delegates, called to
gether from all parts of Ireland by
the Sinn Feiners. It will consist of
Sinn Feiner members of parliament
and several nationallc members, and
the remainder will be Sinn Feiners
specially elected for the occasion.
It is understood that Great Britain
will refuse to recognize the peace del
egation which will be elected by the
convention. Ah a result, the subse
uent action of the convention will ba
highly important.
Xo Chance for Revolution.
Government officials declare that
any revolutionary movement would
not have the slightest chance of suc
cess.
Well-informed Irish officials said
the British government is consider
ing a loan of 2.000.0u0 pounds ($10.<j00f
000) for the development of Irish in
dustry. Army motor trucks will be
provided for mad transportation and
naval motorship will be turned over
to the Irish fisheries. Extensive road
building will be undcrtakt-n. School
teachers* salaries will be increased.
Special provision will be made foi dc
| velopment of the peat and flax indus
i tries.
I Sir Marion Plunkett. it is undcr
; stood, is forming a new home rule
I party to replace nearly extinct na
| tionalities.
7 HOSPITAL PROJECTS
ABANDONED BY U. S.
j This Follows Chamberlain's Attack
on War Department.
Following hard upon Senator <'ham
berlain's charge that the War De
partment is not adequately carins for
returning sick and wounded soldiers,
that department yest. rday announced
the abandonment of hospital projects
at Rochester. Cincinnati. Chicago
Milwaukee. Cleveland. Des Moine*
and Nashville. The projects aban
doned comprised nine thousand beds.
Secretary Baker will not. at least
for the present, make reply to Sena
I tor Chamberlain's criticisms, but ho
did make a statement relative to th?
report that the American troops in
Siberia ar?* suffering from lark of
supplies. The Secretary said:
The troops in Archangel were fitted
out with extreme care. While I was
. in Ixmdon Gen. Biddle went over with
j the details, and he assured mtj
that with the assistance of the Brit
ish government they had been paid
I every attention. The expedition wa*
a-s complete in every way as human
| ingenuity could make it when it left
for Archangel."
ORGANIZED ROBBERS
ARE THE B0LSHEVIKI
Returned American Says Leading
Reds Plunder the People.
Pittsburgh. Dec 31?Bolshevism
is merely organized robberv on a
huge scale, according to Richard
I Morris. Titsburgh, home today after
four years in Russia
Leading bolsheviki disappear
with great frequency, mysteriously
dropping out of night," said Morris,
"and it is officially announced that
they are dead. The fact that uiev
have gone to Sweden, where millions
of rubles taken from the Rusisan
people are being poured into mush
room banks."
Persons suspected of having morn
than 500 rubles?about $100?are
robbed, and many are murdered who
attempt to resist, according to Mor
ris. The money is supposed to go
to the state, he said, but it is really
concentrated in the hands of thos?
w ho bank it outside of Russia and
who. when they have enough, loave
mysteriously to live in luxury
j abroad.
$4,000,000 Check Tobacco
King's Gift to Bride
Worcester. Mass.. Dec. 31.?A
check for J4.000.000 was handed t<
his 22-year-old bride today by Hugi
Cxmliffe-Owen. president of th*
American Tobacco Company. Tin
bride was Miss Helen EliiabeU
Oliver, daughter of Mr. and Mrs
James H. Oliver, of New York. Th?
wedding took place here this after
noon.
Cunliffe-Owen. a leading tobaccc
manufacturer of England, is 4S. This
Is the second wedding for both.
1918 Business Record
a Four-time Winner
A glance through the bank
ruptcy dockets of the District
Supreme Court reveals the fact
that the year 1918 was nearly
four times as prosperous as was
the year 1917.
Only twelve petitions in bank
ruptcy were filed during the year
just passed. Of these three were
involuntary and the rest volun
tary.
During 1917 forty-two peti
tions were filed. Of these fifteen
were involuntary and twenty
seven voluntary.
Since the war started in 1914
there has been a steady decrease
in the number of bankruptcy
petitions. And. too. the amounts
involved seem to grow less as the
years roll on.
Looking back through the
dockets it will be easily seen that
Washington is becoming morf
and more prosperous.
U. S. SOLDIERS HAPPY
IN NEW REST AREAS
?
Thote in France Well Clothed. Fed
and Entertained.
Twenty-one re?t areas have been e?
tabllshed in France by Gen. Pershing
for the American soldiers who are not I
with the army of ocupation.
It was said yesterday that no army |
ever mobolized was being treated
or happier than that which is being
well fed. well entertained, and other- '
wise made comfortable**. There is in
every area approximately a division,
each of which -is, however, anxiously
awaiting the time when it will be an
nounced that they have been called
home. The War Department expects to
accelerate the delivery of troops. An
nouncements were made yesterday of
the sailing of the following trans
ports, destinations and approximate
'dates of arrival at American ports:
j Santa Maria, sailed December 27. ar
rived New York. January 8; Mada
waska, sailed December 2fe. arrive
Newport News. January 8; Louisville
i sailed December 28, arrive New York'
| January 6; Finland, sailed* December
129. arrive Newport News January 10;
Easter Queen, sailed December 28. ar
rive Baltimore. January i|; Agamem
non. sailed December 28. arrive New
Yorkt January r?.
U. S. LAW HALTS
AID TO RUSSIA
Refusal of Allies to Inter
vene in Accord with the
Monroe Doctrine.
New York. Dec. 31.?Refusal by the
allies to agree to send an army into
Russia to subdue the Bolsheviki is in
|accord with the principle of the Mon
roe Doctrine under which the I'nited
: States ha.-< persistently declined to
sanction the collection of Datin-Amer
lican debts to Europe by means of
! warships.
| The efforts of Prince L*voff. Prof.
MiulykofT and other leaders of mod
Jerate Russian opinion, to persuade the
allies to change their decision in this
matter will be unavailing. Democra
tic opinion in Europe is endorsing the
American view point.* and will not
.sanction the use of foreign mercen
aries to some to the relief of any
faction in Russia.
IKe\olutionury Ktafr.
The plea of the Russia moderates
j for armed assistance from the West
ern democracies is in itself h strong
.criticism of the influence of the mod
erates themselves in Rustia. If they
cannot overthrow the Bolsheviki with
out the help of allied help, the im
J plication is very strong that the mod
erates are in a minority.
It follows Irom this fa^t that the
, allies mui-t soon begin to consider the
' question of formally recognizing the
j Bolshevik administration as the real
government of Russia.
At present. Russia is considered to
be in a state of revolution. No Rus
sian political party has official rela
tions with the outside world. This
artificial condition cannot continue in
j definitely. -.ie situation in Russia is
. similar to that which prevailed In
j Mexico before the I'nited States
J recognized Carranza s government.
The refusal of the ureal powers \o
|i recognize any government in a die
| turbed country is always in itseif an
' incentive to increased disorder. With
J recognition comes a more stable
I r egime.
SHE CLAIMS CRUELTY;
SUES FOR SEPARATION
Wife of Louis Hershowitz Says Hus
band Is Addicted to Drink.
. j Just a few days ago I,ouis liersho
witz was fined in Police e*ourt for
, j disorderly conduct. ^;x>wing our of
drunker.nes.-. at his horn* . 11"> New
j York avenue northwest, it s said,
j His wife. Annie Hersno'.xitz, whom
: he married in Russia in March,
J filed suit for a separation yesterday
j in the District Supreme Court.
-Mrs. Mershowitz. according to her
.(petition, has been confined to her bed
for 'he? past six vic-eks. due. she
states, to the frequent intoxicatior
and cruelty of her husband.
j There are seven children in the fam
. ily. the wife declares, md these ch!l
' dren. as well as herself, have suf
fered privation becau.-e her husband
sejuandered his money.
On Christmas morni ig, the petition
states. Hershowitz drank so much
that he got all out of control and
| battered down the door of their apart
ment and aroused the- other e"?ccupsnts
of the- buildine. His arrest and con
j viction followed, it is stated.
Justice Hitz cited Hershowitz to
'show cause why. on January 3. h?
should not be restrained from molest
i ing his family. The wife m repre
sented by Attorneys Darr. Whitefort
and Darr.
Mishap Delayt Army Airmen.
The tlicht oi the four army planes
. heading for Washington has been de
slaved through a mishap in landing.
. | A message to the War Depaitment
, jVesterday said the squadron hep. d to
j leave Tillman. S. C. yesterday .-rid ar -
rive in Washington about Jar ary 3.
Charles Robinson Dies on
^ay to Hospital; Col
ored Man Victim.
Charles Robinson, il year* old.
,waa knocked down and killed by a
tcoal truck owned by the QMAth
Coal Company, at Florida avenue
and \ street northwest, yesterday
afternoon.
I He la the aon of Hhtry L. Robin
son^ a calker. of TJ? Twelfth street
northwest. Younir Robinsons death
j occurred while on all errand for hie
father. Hr w as ruahed to GarflaM
Hospital, where ha we, pronounced
aeaa.
j Coroner Nevltt issued a certificate
of accidental daath.
j Painful injuries and nervous ehoek
11!," w* re,ult of ?" evident to
j Mrs Mary E. Lisner, who wa.
?struck by an unknown auto and
I inrt^p , ,'''htV ?VaI'<," at ^urth
and P streets northwest, jesterday
afternoon. She was removed to 8ib
| ley Hospital. 0 0
! ^"nder Wander, colored M of
! L nn n'^n' " c ? "oi'P'na at the
| Bennln* s race track, waa fatally In
? lured When struck by a car while
J terfay!* ?" ""
I Hospil^ ?" ,h' W,V '? ,he C?
I Co??.' ?nrk* or ,he Italian Hid,
Jury when"' h n*,Tom l>' escaped in
jur* When the louring car in which
he was r,din,. ,0,lld* wltfc a *niti
or the S. c. Palmer Bottlin* Co at
nonhw'"'"^'" and street
W Illlam Roks. colored, of la u
w?7o?Tthm'C"1- "M ,hlw" f-om a
agron he *&? driving at Delaware
avenue and B street ~uthw??
the w&;'on collided with an aH(*
I EGT????r "ZZ
! ?f Hvat^"e. M<L
U r
OIL INDUSTRY MET
U. S. WAR DEMANDS
I 505-685 Cars Shipped Between Jan.
I. 1917. and Nov. I, |9|8
hrou*ht^Siss^'cara 'of o ! 'nd""trr
product* ,(Ut of .. ' end oil
1 Acid b-tween I, T-'d-conttneat
.U O I Ween Januarv 1 IS17 . _J
November 1 IMS
ment ^t't'.on''" ^
Assoc! t>/Ci*1b ?r R? fin. rs*
. Assoc it t'?n said that between Anrtl
?olid"?ril??0ofrn,b'rt 30 ,!>1S- a5*s
Tom the Middle w7,moved ??t
r! tk . ^naaie *>estern fi*u
care* embraced lftO.E,la
joflais Mrd' c ir' fir!"t ,t*n m<">tb?
!.ncre.sedM^:?^ro^.r^r:^
ircapowung period in 1?17
Dunne all of the time when ?a
were rhn,\nt and ?"nan?s
.... * 'e*t. the letter continues
the oil industrv in tl.e \7,h ^
tin. n, Held was" able to met't ^
1 requirements." ei in?
Fireman Must Pay
$20 Per Month Alimony
; '' Holmes, employed as a fir?
' ? Medical Museum
' Twile,' n'P"d -v by J,.?2
. v, 'Strict Supreme <-oun
?'ff Elizabeth Holmea.
' . * m<mv. of ? n.ontfc,
h? w r ? ra> counsel fees to
n.. m ife s attorneys.
* *ho riy" h' 'arns hut p>'
. smontr was >ued in June. iw7 for
' wife" ,n b" ?? M
Petition, hied a lew days am.
"ttl . ,h?,, '"-ceuse of his
I Ihe i.~ .Pl" to him <lurinr
' "? '"ed together, his
n ,i rartfrorn,opound...
'was co'rt ""t aaUrr
? , "n^ himself H|? loss of
! h' dpel?fc?. ws. not due to
iai^TelTve" lM' * "'y on
funeral WHEN SON ARRIVES
Internment Arrangements for Dr.
Moffitt Not Yet Completed.
1- unera! ar r anieements for Dr Mel*
I ville_ M Moffitt. whn died Mondav at
home. 1Kara rut terace north
west. will riot I* completed until hie
son. Lieut. ||. Watson Moffitt now
on his ??v Irom San Francisco ae
n.os. ljeut. Mod.it is expected to
morrow
Mr Moffitt dred x few days after a
, ,l'iM ""ntrrl.uted by ..vervork
durine the influenza epidemic.
lie wa? hoin in lialton. Ohio and it
sur\ ived by his w idow and one eon
UnioN
TRUST
QF THE DISTRICT
OF COLUMBIA
EDWARD J.STELLWAGEN,
PRESIDENT ,? '
SOUTHWEST CORNER
^.15 LU an^H'STS '
NORTMWEST^^
Our Platform
For 1919
We are prepared?
To furnish the most
perfect security for
every dollar.
To serve all our cus
tomers in a whole
hearted. friendly, help
ful spirit.
To provide facilities
which adequately meet
the constantly growing
banking needs of the
city.
Plan to open an ac
count with us.
2'c on checking ac
counts; 3rc on savings.

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