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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, January 02, 1919, Image 1

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Today?Partly overewt and much
colder Tomorrow?Fair, with strong
westerly winds.
Highest temperature yesterday,
63; lowest, 47.
NO. 4451
fc??-? ?* _ '.
Government in Statement
Promises "Pursuit of
Democratic Principles."
Victory of Orl&ndo-Son
nonio Faction Similar to ,
That of Clemenceau.
Rome. Jan. L?On the eve of Prest
dent Wilson e arrival here the cabi
net crisis has been settled.
An official statement has Just been
issued assuring the people of Italy
that tha government's policy remains
unmoditied, pursuing the democratic
principles which inspired our en
trance into the war."
'J'- taken to mean the swinging
in line of the last of the 'Big Four"
governments which will play a leading
role In framing a secure world peace.
Victory for Cabinet.
The Orlando-Sonnino cabinet has
?merged from a serious crisis with
flying colors. It has scored a vic
tory similar to that of Premier
Clemenceau. in the French chamber I
and that of Premier Lloyd George
In the British, elections. The So
cialists and Reformists who had op
posed the government with an ardor
equal to that with which the French
Radicals and Socialists .fought the
"Tiger" and to that of the Hender
sonttes against Lloyd George. wer?
converted in the eleventh hour, and
all is now harmony.
The portfolio of Minister Bis
solati. who resigned last week on
account of differences 'of opinion
with Foreign Minister Baron Son
nino* will not be filled for the pres
ent the War Minister having taken
over the functions of Bissolati's
Reformist to Remain.
Signer Berenini. a Reformist, re
mains in the cabinet, though he had
threatened to resign. Signor Benoni,
Independent, replaces the Conserva
tive Minister Dari in the portfolio of
public works.
President Wilson will visit Naples.
Florence. Venice and probably Milan,
in addition to Rome, it was serai- I
officially announced today.
The Giomale D Italia declared today
that Premier Orlando has decided to
postpone reorganization of the minis
try until Wilson's arrival.
2,841 New Cannon Pro
duced Complete by Ord
nance Bureau.
From the day the United States en
tered the war until the signing of the
armistice 2,841 new naval guns wen,
delivered to the navy and 1.887 placed
In service against the enemy, accord.
* statement made yesterday by
Secretary Daniels.
The guns were all produced in their
entirety and complete with mounts,
sights and all accessories by the Ba
reau of Ordnance, the great majority
of these guns being made by new
plants placed In operation since the
beginning of the war.
The statement shows that the guns
delivered included 9K of the 3. 4 and 5
inch caliber placed in service and 263
held awaiting orders: fe 3-Inch anti
itrcraft guns in service and 123 held
at navy yArds: 557 3-inch-cstiber guns
used largely on submarine chasers;
ISO 3-inch Davis nonrecoil guns for
aircraft, 5S6 "Y" guns for small craft
and 408 other guns not placed In serv
The rate of delivery was speeded up
until at the close of the hostilities a
?-Jpch 31-caliber gun was being deliv
ered to the navy daily. The figures
given do not include a large numbei
of guns In reserve before the war and
which were used for the arming of
merchantmen before the United State,
entered the war.
Biblical "Oil on Waters"
Saves Foundering Ship
Halifax. X. S.. Jan. 1.?The steam
er Carib. which arrived here today
after being forced to abandon tem
porarily her trip to France, wu
saved from possible foundering
through oil poured on the waves.
Leaving New York for Nantez.
Christmas Day. the Carib ran into
a rale three davs later that tossea
her about and loosened her deck
load. was in imminent danger
of captlsizing and sent out S O S
calls, which were received on land.
Meanwhile several casks of oil were
broached and poured in steady
streams from her bow. Her head
wa? kept into the wind and the film
of oil broke the force of. the waves.
As soon as the wind abated she
made for Halifax.
The deckload was refastened here
and repairs made to her steering
' gear. ?
Swim Note Aiki Free Puu|e.
Berne. Jan. 1.?Switzerland has
sent a note to the Russian govern
ment, demanding immediate free
passage for the Swiss legation from
"We will hold you responsible for
any delay.- the note concluded.
Aautciaation Attempt Foiled.
Athens, Jan. 1.?An attempt to
assassinate the chief of police of
Constantinople on Christmas day
was frustrated, according to a dis
patch from the Turkish capital. The
assailant escaped.
Two Itaiiaa Mini (ten Replaced.
Rome, Jan. 1.?Signor Bonoml and
Signor Cwppelli have replaced Sig
nor Pari and -Signor Blsoilattl, re
spectively minister of public work*
and minister of military aid and war
pensions, it was officially announced
I ?
President Dodges Reception
for Conference with House,
Lansing and White.
Poincare and Wife Pay New
Year Respects During
Paris, Jan. 1.?President Wilson up
set the American peace commissioner's
program this afternoon when a re
ception had been arranged at the Ho
tel Crillon.
Instead of attending the reception,
Mr. Wilson conferred personally with
Col. House. Secretary of State Lan
sing and Henry White, the delibera
tions lasting an hour and a quarter.
Col. House is understood to have
recounted to the President the results
of his interview with Foreign Minister
Balfour. The President and his fel
low' delegates also delveff" minutely
into the full text of Premier Clemen
ceau's speech before the chamber Sun
day, which was forwarded to the Pres
ident at London, but reached there
after he had already left.
The President, it is understood, im
pressed upon the commissioners the
necessity of closer co-operation.
President Wilson's trip to England
has resulted in no change or deviation
of his original program on the gen
eral principle of freedom of the seas.
It can be stated authoritatively to
day that the President's so-called
"coalition" with Lord NorthclifPe, as
j a result of which the full force of the
Northcliffe press seems to have been
lined up behind the general Wilson
program has not been brought about
by any Wilsonian backdown on the
free-seas proposal.
NorthclilTe has long been an advo
cate of the league of nations. He has
not even opposed German membership
since it has been clear the German
military machine really is wrecked.
He has not, however, -committed .him
self to Wilson's ideas of the freedom
of the seas.
The President today enjoyed his
first relaxation since coming to Eu
rope. Despite a cold rain he played
golf early this morning at the
famous St. Cloud links. He was ac
companied by Mrs. Wilson and Rear
Admiral Grayson.
| Grayson has ordered the President
to take two day* absolute rest. He
| will spend one of these days In Paris
! and one on the train en route to
Italy for which he will depart at 7
o'clock tonight.
President and Mrs. Poincare called
upon the Wilsons at the Murat Pal
ace this afternoon.
Bolshevik Take 3 Towns
As French Tnrcos Arrive
L#ondon, Jan. L?French transport*
with two battalions of Turcos, Arabs
and Algerians, have arrived at Odes
sa. according to the Bolshevik official
for Monday received here by wireless
from Moscow today. ,
Regarding the operations in Western
Russia on that day the communique
said: "In the direction of Reval,
Bolshevik forces advanced as far as
the line of Lokaha and Kolk.
"In the region of Reval, along the
right bank of the Dvina, we captured
Romotzkoe. Romorshof and Ushany.
on the Sventzlany-Ponevesh railway."
Section Devastated by Huns
Needs 30,000,000 Pounds
Actual destitution exists among
fully sixty per cent of the popula
tion of Northern France as a result
of the wanton and widespread dev- |
astatlon by, the Germans, reports
Herbert Hoover in a cable message
made public here yesterday.
The destruction wrought by the
defeated and desperate armies upon
their retirement from French soil
was so complete that the Commis
sion for Relief in Belgium feels
compelled at the request of the
French government to greatly en
large its organization in order to
continue "H^e task of rehabilitation.
The work as planned will not only
include the distribution of food and
clothing but the housing of home
less inhabitants over a considerable
: area. Gen. Pershing has released
[from military duty at least twenty
; Americans formerly connected with
the commission in order that they
j may take up the work in Northern
France where it was left upon the
entry of the United States into the
Thirty million pounds of food
stufTs monthly from the United
States are required to meet the sit
uation. At present Mr. Hoover re
ports the total food shipments for
both Belgium and Northern France
| from America amount in value to
more than $30,000,000 a month.
New Hu Amy Being Formed.
Copenhagen. Jan. 1.?Herr Noske,
. the German minister of military and
| naval affairs, has announced that a
| volunteer army consisting of re
cruits over the age of 24 years, will
be formed by the new government,
according to a dispatch from Berlin
i today. y
Peace Conference to Open Jan. 30.
j Ix>ndon, Jan. 1.?The Peace Confer
j ence will open on January 30. accord
ing to the Pall Mall Gazette today.
I ' '
Baker Cables for Probe of
Brest Camp Conditions
Story of Correspondent that U. S. Soldiers Are
Underfed and Forced to Live in Mud Gen
erally Discredited Here?Secretary Baker
Points Out that Camp Is Merely Temporary
and Rains Fall There Five Times Daily.
Secretary of War Baker yesterday.
sent a cablegram to Gen. Harbord,
commanding the embarkation camp at
Brest, France, for a report on the
, conditions in Jhat camp. The mes
sage of inquiry was prompted by the
I publication here of an article by a
j correspondent recently returned from
, France, to the effect that 70,000 Amer
I icans in the camp are Inadequately
sheltered, badly nourished and knee
deep in mud.
Secretary Baker said he visited the
I Brest camp last October and that in
| November another inspection was
made by Assistant Secretary Keppel. !
Conditions at that time, he declared,'
were excellent, the men being com-;
fortable and well fed and the camp
entirely sanitary.
Ralna Five Times Dally.
"In the meantime it must not be
forgotten.*' said Secretary Baker,
"that Brest and all the western ports
j of France are essentially wet places.
Officers stationed in Brest told me that
j it rained there regularly .five times a
I day, and on each of my visits there
something like this average has been
j attained. The mists, fogs, rains and
squalls from the Bay of Biscay are
! constant, and it will be wholly impos- i
j sible to find a dry place for the as- I
Broken Turbine, Fog and Low Tide
Prevent Ships From Sailing.
New York, Jan. 1.?Fate and the
weather seem to be operating: to de
rlay shipment of 12,000,000 destined
for American soldiers in France,
i The U. S. S. Leviathan, which was
to have left here yesterday with the
money and a distinguished pas
senger list bound for Paris, was un
able to sail because of a broken
Passengers and money were
transferred to the U. S. S. George
Washington. President Wilson's
peace ship, which was scheduled to
depart today. A very heavy fog and
a low tide combined to keep the
huge liner in port. Capt. Edward
Mc?teuley. Jt., denied that the tug
I men's strike had anything to do
frith it. The George Washington is
now expected to sail tomorrow,.
Peace Delegate* Leave Saturday.
London, Jan. 1.?Viscount Hardinge,
Sir William Tyrell, Sir Louis Mallett,
Sir Wana Howard, Sir Ralph Paget
and Sif Eyre Crojre have been se
lected as part of the British peace
delegation, it was announced today.
They are expected to leave for, Party
sembly of the soldiers who are to re- |
turn to the United States."
Attention was called by Secretary
Baker to the fact that the men are
detained at Brest only long enough to
obtain accommodations on the return
ing transports.
A similar statement was made by
I Secretary of the Navy Daniels before
the House Naval Affairs Committee
I yesterday. His attention was called
I to the article by one of the members,
I and he replied that reports received
by him from Brest were to the effect
that the men were made as comfort
able as possible, considering the cli
maate and the prevailing rainy season.
Gen. Bnrnett Report*.
Secretary Daniels said that Gen.
Barnett of the Marine Corps made
a report to him on the conditions
in the camp at the time of his re
turn from France. Gen. Barnett
visited the camp about six weeks
ago, and at that time an epidemic
of the influenza was raging; 900
men were taken on stretchers from
! the ship on which Gen. Barnett ar
! rived in France, and Brest bring a
I temporary ct^mp there were no ac
commodations for the permanent
I care of the men so Incapacitated.
Executed Panels in Capitol and
Corcoran Art Gallery Here.
Friends here Of C. Y. Turner, cele
brated sculptor, learned of his sudden
death in New York yesterday after
Mr. C. Y. Turner has done the ma
jority of his best work In Washington,
Baltimore and New York. 4
When he lived in this city he was
I at the Cosmos Club and his nephew's,
S. R. Turner, 1235 Fifth street north
I Mr. Turner is extremely well known
i in local circles, he having executed
(portions of the best sculptural work
I in the Capitol, Corcoran Art Gallery;
Belasco Theater and Raleigh Hotel.
He is survived by three sisters and
four brothers.
Allied Blockade Temmated.
Athens, Jan. 1.?The allied com
mander at Corfu has notified the
Greek government that the blockade
of Asia Minor and Syria is at an end.
Swedish Troop* ? Eitiwii
Stockholm, Jan. 1.?Swedish vol
unteer troops have landed in 15s
thonia, it was annoxmced here to
Not One of 2,481 Will Be
Lost on Great Northern,
Is Promise.
Destroyers and Hospital
Ship Stand By As Air
plane Soars Overhead.
New York, Jan. L?The American
transport Northern Pacific, with a
cargo of human freight. 2.481 soldier*,
many of them wounded, is sandbound
in "ships' graveyard" off Fire Island,
tonight, the plaything of the seas.
Two lines have been placed aboard
the chip and arrangements have been
made to remove the passengers and
crew in a breeches buoy should de
mand arise. Six destroyers and a
transport of the United States Navy
are standing by, to meet any emer
The vessel drove her nose into the
great sand bar betwen Point of Woods
and Fire Island early today while
groping her way through a heavy fog.
Owing to the heavy seas, dense fog
and a southwest wind, efforts to reach
the vessel with a line failed for more
than ten hours.
Xo Immediate Danger.
Finally Lieut. Comm. B. N. Chase,
commandant of the Fire Island na
val air station, circled the ship in
a hydroplane. While he said that
the ship was in no immediate dan
ger, he offered to oarry a Une to her.
Capt. L. J. Connelly of the Northern
Pacific thanked him and replied that
he did not think the risk would be
The Northern Pacific has 2,481
American troops aboard and carries
a crew of 600 men and sailed from
Brest, France, on Christmas day.
Capt. Connelly had promised the
men returning from service over
seas that he would put them on
Broadway for the Nay Year's day
celebration. As a result of Iheir be
lief that they would be in New York,
if not home, for the 1919 festivities,
it is said, many of them were un
able to sleep for the last two nights.
When they learned for sure, how
ever, that they had been "outlucked"
by the elements an old fashioned
celebration was started aboard ship.
Every Soldier Safe.
No apprehension for the safety of
the well and wounded troops on board
the ship was entertained by navy offi
cials tonight, although the opinion
Tfcas expressed that it probably would
be impossible to float the big vessel
within the next three or four days.
The Northern Pacific is 5<? feet long j
and has a carrying capacity of 3.255
tons. She was built at the Cramp j
Shipyards in Philadelphia in 1915 for
the Northern Pacific Steamship Com-1
40,000 Infantrymen Sup
ported by Cavalry and Ar
tillery Ready for Battle.
Geneva, Jan. 1.?Between 30,000 and
40,000 Polish infantrymen, well sup
ported by artillery, and cavalry, are
marching on Berlin, the Polish news
agency at Lausanne learns from
| Polish cava Icy have entered Frank
fort-on-the-Oder and Posen, the re
port says.
One dispatch says that Ignace Pad
erewski, the famous pianist, is lead
I ing his countrymen in street fighting
in Posen.
Polish infantry have occupied the
railway centers of Gnesen, Beuthen
and Bromberg, capturing much rail
way stock and booty. They met no
Sanguinary battles are expected, as
the Germans are rearming demoilized
| troops.
It is considered likely that the Poles
will reach Berling, because many Ger
man soldiers refuse to serve. The
German railways are badly organized.
Instruments Stolen By Hun During
Boxer Rebellion.
^ San Francisco, Jan. 1.?The Chinese
government will ask at the peace ta
ble that ancient bronze astronomical
irstruments stolen by German troops
during the Boxer rebelion from the
Chinese Imperial observatory at Pek
ing and which were taken to Pots
dam as loot, be returned to the Chi
1 nese government.
This announcement was made here
i today by Dr. W. W. Willoughby, ad
viser to the Chinese government who
has Just arrived from that country
en route to Washington. The In
struments, consisting of globes, as
j trolades and highly engraved and or
namented brass pieces, were made by
the Chinese artisans under direction
of French Jesuits in China in the
Seventeenth Century. Some of the
pieces were taken to France, but were
i returned by the French government
when the circumstances of their sefi
ure became known.
Car Mm Declare Strike.
Milwaukee. Wis., Jan. L?Milwau
kee street carmen struck today for
higher wages. There wre no disor
ders. No conferences looking toward
a settlement have been called.
P??Crew Landed.
London. Jan. 1.?Ail passengers and
ciaw of the transport Tenadores.
which went ashore off tlje French
Summm? bean^landod safely, it was
"Open Houses" Role and;
Throngs Attend Despite
/ Wet Weather.
? ?
Secretaries Daniels and i
Baker Both Hold Bril
liant Receptions.
The new year is one day old.
Some of the new year resolutions
also are one day old.
And some of them are dead!
Meanwhile, Washington rests, a bit \
tired, after the New Year celebration ;
of yesterday, with the tiny hands of
little 1919 as yet unsoiled.
This day twelve months hence may j
find a worn and weary 1919 tottering j
out to doubtful glory, but today all
Washington is at peace with the
world; confident of happiness, confi
dent of 1919 success.
And that is real optimism. For,
consider the weather!
Yesterday the cold drlszle, and gen
erally unpleasant weather, forced
Washingtonians to do their celebrat
ing indoors, or, if they ventured out,
to W?ar raincoats and storm boots
and use taxis or limousines.
Pleaty of Food; Plenty of Tea.
But despite the rain clouds and
slippery pavements, and the celebrat
ing done chiefly "sans wine," it was j
a happy New Year in Washington,
honored by un-Hooverlsed dinners and
the drinking of innumerable cups of
Nor did Washington, in the midst of
her rejoicing, forget the absent ones,
sending greetings to sons and friends
away from the city, either across
seas or in other parts of the United
States. Chief among the New Year
greetings sent across the Atlantic was
the cablegram to President Wilson,
carrying the best wishes of fifty-nine
of the business men of Washington.
President Wilson's New Year cable
"Jn. council may yours be the pleas
urable honor, as master spokesman of
"democracy, of friendly spirited domi
nance, and may there be granted you
safe voyage when on the high seas
homeward bound, and heaping meas
ures of happiness and good cheer con
tinuing throughout the year on your
return to this, the international capi
The cable was delivered to the Presi
dent in Paris' yesterday.
0 Wliele Flork of Admirals.
Imposing uniforms and shiny brass,
buttons marked the. New Year's re
ception of Secretary and Mrs. Daniels.
It being estimated that more admirals
were collected at that party than have
ever before been assembled under one
roof, even in Washington. The Sec
retary and his wife were assisted in 1
Mammoth Assessment Job
"Not Impossible," But
Nearly So.
Paris, Jan. 1.?The biggest assess
ment job ever undertaken is that
which the American Officers' Engi
neering Corps, Brig. Gen. C. H. Mc
Klnstry, commanding, is preparing to
accomplish %for information to be
placed at the disposal of the Ameri
can peace commission.
Their task is nothing less than that
of estimating a bill of damages to be
presented to Germany for havoc
wrought In France and Belgium. In
comparison with this tremendous ef
fort the inqufry into the Standard Oil
or railroad merger in America was
phlld'A play.
Unofficially France, Britain and
l Belgium have announced in round
j figures the damages which they ex
pect to collect from Germany. The
j total of these figures stagger com
j prehension and Is reported to ex
I ceed the entire wealth of the former
The commission while not ques
tioning these unofficial figures to
be in a position to know from its
own experts approximately the total
damage wrought on the West Front
before the final stages of these con-!
ferences set in. It therefore asked j
a picked corps of engineers to co- j
| operate with the French, British and
! Belgian engineers in arriving at a
! grand total.
Strictest Tab Kept.
The headquarters of McKlnstry's
I force, at 53 Avenue Mflntralgne, is be
; coming a vast depository of reports
I and data on the values of the devas
I tated areas, and figures on the formtrr
production of the destroyed factories,
railroad stock and coal mines, notably
at Lens And Cambrai, where two yeftrs
will be required to restfme operation
at the mines because of the fiootVig
and dynamiting by the Germans.
| Tax assessment list of towns such
as Ypres, Verdun and Rhelms are the j
only clues to the values of property
| which has been totally obliterated.
I The osiers of the great linen works
of Northern France are submitting
valuations. The French government j
already has advanced 28,000,000,000 j
francs against the claims of needy
residents in the devastated regions,
i and this Is only ttie smallest fraction
of the whole bill Germany will get
Major Olds, who Is aide to Gen.
McKinstry, said to the correspondent]
"Nothing may be said concerning the
work. We are busy organising forces
and collecting material. It Is a pretty
I big job, but not impossible."
Fruct-Awricui to Baltic
Copenhagen. Jan. 1.?A Franco
American squadron hu passed the
Skaw (near 8ka*errak) en route for
Baltic water*
Pinchot's Baby, Reported
Lost, Safe in Qnakertown
Philadelphia. Jan. L-Gifford Pin
chot today set at rest reports that
his 3-year-old son, the child's nurke,
and his chauffeur had disappeared
while driving from - New York to
Philadelphia. The party arrived here
last night after having been delayed,
he said.
The report of the disappearance
originated in a telegram received by
police of Trenton, N. J., from Plnchot.
asking help in tracing the child and
those *rlth him. This message reached
the Trenton police at noon today. It
evidently was badly delayed in trans
mission. The Plnchot family in New
York knew nothing of the safe ar
Former U. S. District At-|
torney Gets Death Germ
Buying Xmas Presents.
Daniel W. Baker, former United
States District Attorney and one of j
the most popular lawyers in Wash
ington, died at 11:30 last night at his
apartments in The Netherlands.
Mr. Baker died of double pneu
monia, which set in after a bad attack
of influenza. He was in his flfty-flrst
His wife, Mrs Nettie Lewis Baker,
is also seriously ill with influenza.
Mr. Baker caught cold the day be
fore Christmas while shopping. Fri
day he left his ofBce with influenza
and Tuesday double pneumonia set in.
Friends remembered last night that
Mr. Baker, who was in the disastrous
Terra Cotta wreck in Brookland sev
eral years ago. was the first one to
reach a telephone to tell of this fatal
occurrence. Although he had lost a
part of his heel when he was flung
j from one of the derailed cars, he
hobbled to a neartay telephone and
spread news of the wreck.
Mr. Baker was a graduate of Mount
St Mary's, at Emmetsburg, Md.. and
the Georgetown Law School. Later
he served on the Georgetown faculty.
Immediately before he assumed his
duties as United States District At
torney. he had for several years been
a member of the widely-known Arm
| of Lambert and Baker.
He is survived by his wife, a broth
er, Andrew, and three sisters.
Ufa ia Hands ?f Bolshevik.
i London, Jan. 1.?Bolshevik troops
j yesterday captured Ufa, "capital" of
I the White Guards, according to an of
| flcial Russian wireless' message. Ster
litamek also fell into their hands. The
Lithuanian government has left Wilna
for Kovno.
Allies to Occapy Constantinople.
London, Jan. 1.?French and
[American troops will occupy the
Stamboul quarter of Constantinople,
i white British troops will occupy the
Pera district, it was learned today.
Daniels Plans to Make At
lantic and Pacific Squad
rons Twins.
Officers and Men to Be Kept
Constantly at Fighting
? Pitch.
Two great fleets of equal size and
strength, one in the Atlantic and the
other in the Pacific, working in con
stant rivalry and competition, ia th?
plan of Secretary Daniels to keep his
proposed "biggest navy in the world"
keyed up to fighting pitch. The Sec
retary unfolded his plan before the
House Naval Affairs Committee yes
The two-fleet scheme will be put inta
operation during the coming summer.
One of the most competent admirals
I in the navy will be put In command
of the Pacific fleet, and the ofllcer per
sonnel will be maintained with as few
changes as possible for two years.
The Secretary believes this policy will
develop in the new major force the
same Interest which in the past has
made the Atlantic fleet the pride of
I America.
Fre^aeat War Maaueiers.
Elaborate war maneuvers will be
staged frequently, he said. The two
fleets will meet In battles which will
approach as close to real hostilities &s
possible without firing actual sheila
The new Pacific policy was brought
out by Representative Refiner, of
California, who asked Mr. Daniels
what were the department's plans for
returning a naval force to the West
"Much consideration has been given
! to the Organization of the fleeta after
j the war." the Secretary said. "I dis
I cussed with Admiral Benson, chief of
operations, before he left for France,
a plan I have long had in mind This
J plan contemplates not one fleet, but
j two?an Atlantic fleet and a Pacific
J fleet. They will be absolutely equal?
i flfty-flfty. ship for ship, type for type.
< "Admiral Benson left before the
matter was fully considered.
Adaiiral llrnoon Eathsslaatie
"A few w#?eks atro I developed the
plan I had in mind more fully and
nent It over to the admiral. The of
i fleer who took over the plan returned
laat night. Admiral Benson Is en
i thusiastically in favor of dividing the
' ships between the Atlantic aad the
( Pacific.
{ "I pi art to put tn romman<3 fit the
Pacific fleet one of the beat admirals
J of the navy. The man selected will
I remain in charge long enough to de
; velop the fleet to the highest state of
| efficiency. I have alao directed the
Bureau of Navigation to assign to the
Name a Street for Allies
Is Plea Sent Every City
Nation-Wide Campaign to Honor National
Comrades-in-Arms Begun by National
Committee of Patriotic Societies.
Will Washington have a Foch ave- j
nue, a Dias boulevard, or a H&ig t
William Mather Lewie, executive
secretary of the National Committee j
of Patriotic Societies, last night put |
this question before District officials
when he issued a national letter call
ing upon every city in the country
to begin the new year of peace by
naming a street in honor of our allies
in the great war.
Vice President Marshal says the'
suggestion has his heartiest approval.
Maj. Raymond Pullman. Superin
tendent of Folice, pointed out last
night that such a course would merely
be returning a courtesy paid us by
our allies.
M. A. I^eese, president of the Mer
chants and Manufacturers, Associa
tion. says he believes the idea a very
acceptable one. ,
Power Rests with Congress.
Mr. Leeee called attention to the
tost that the power to rename a
Washington street rests with Con
gress. He recalled the three attempts
to rename Sixteenth street to Avenue
of the Presidents.
WTilliam Mather Lewis, in speaking
| of the application of hie plan to. the ;
! National Capital, suggests that an ap
! propriate allied name be selected for
the much mooted "Million Dollar
l Bridge."
' "France and England and Italy
have honored the United States." Mr.
Lewis sets forth in his letter to the
mayor of every city in the United
States, "by naming avenues after
President Wilson and Gen. Pershing,
and we should not be behind them in
"Furthermore, the European coun
tries have sacrificed historic and eu- ,
phonlous names to do us honor. No
American city would feel the loss of j
Main street or First avenue when its
place would be taken by the Avenue
of the Alllos, or Foch street, or Cavell '<
"It is also high time that otir Bis- i
marcks and German towns, our Goethe i
streets and Kaiserhofs change their |
titles to something a little less un
Us New Home j Cannon.*
"Fourteen hundred captured German
cannon are being brought to this
country and those cities which first
name streets in commemoration of
the war should be given these tro
phies. Any city which does not in
some way permanently honor the
memory of our brave men and the
glorious company of m*r allies is
losing an unprecedented opportunity
to perform a patriotic service."
Vice President Marshall called at
tention to the fact that there should
be enough changes in the names of
streets in a city to include all the
leading war heroes of the complex
| allied group. "Otherwise," he said.
I "if discrimination was made, I be
| lieve we might create an nolntentional,
m-featfe*. la ths <*??*Urn mimc
tion of theyrxame of President Wilson
for the fan. js avenue in Paris the
nation, not so much the man, wm
MaJ. Pullman pointed out that the
change of names should not break
into the present alphabetical and
numerical system.
"Plans for Georgia, Rhode Island
and Pennsylvania avenue," he said,
"include their development into city
long boulevards. I believe their
growth could well be stimulated and
at the same time confer a permanent
1 tribute upon our allies by renaming
these thoroughfares in honor of war
Liberal Newspaper Laments
London, Jan. 1.?The Manchester
Guardian, the most liberal and pro
gressive newspaper in Great Britain,
says editorially:
"The debate in the French Cham
ber of Deputies shows that Cleroen
ceau and Pichori are directly and
avowedly opposed to the very prin
ciples on which President Wilson's
policy is based and upon which de
pend the prospects of European
"President Wilson might ask Pin
chon (French Foreign Minister:
I " *Isv France prepared to go back
on the agreement upon the faith of
which America assented to the armis
tice and Germany laid down her
arm?* "
The Guardian adds that the Wilson
formula for the preservation of peace
is difficult but that its application
must be essayed, since no other so
lution has been offered that holds
i even a prospect of escaping from the
j ancient evils and menaces that have
I become intolerable.
| "It is the policy of America" con
cludes the paper "ft is. we are well
assured, the policy of this country,
j and if our friends and allies reject
i it?well, they will have to make their
own peace and dispense w 1th our as
Bobherik Troop, fiwmg Rip.
Copenhagen, Jan. L?Bolshevik
j troops were reported today to be
only thirty kilometers (3?.? miles)
, from Riga The population of
|alt7 i* panic stricken.
War Department Wffl Ajk
Congress for $2,O00,tM
Extra Appropriation. "
Lessons Learned in War ftt
Make Nation Invulnerable
Against Invasion.
As a counterpart of the navy*t
for a great fleet, the War : r-artmep|
will ask the appropriation of miiUana
of dollars to be expended during the
coming two year# in ^oxnpleUaff the
coast defenses of the 1'nlted tStaUB
and her insular possessions, accord
ing to Maj Gen W. U Black. chief
of engineer*.
In discussing the coast defenses of
America and the effect which the lea
sons of the war will have upon the j
coadt defense system* of the I'dRM
States. Gen., Black saxl
"The coast defense of the UnlMtf J
States now rests upon the navy tad
heavy artillery posted at i?eniy-a|Hl I
points from the Kennebec River, Ma.,
to Puget Sound. Oregon In addition 1
there are. of course, the l anaa^ I
Philippine and Hawaiian defense
PHaei^lft All Right. j
"It Is perhaps a bit early to stal*
what lessons in eeasoast defense hav#
been learned from the war. Hut fll
can be stated that, in general, noth
ing has happened in Europe to make
any change in the fundamental prin
ciples upon which our coast defenaaa
have been planned, or to throw any
doubt upon the tnith of th' inctple
that properly constructed seacoast de
fenses. when properly manned aad
operated, may be relied upon to suc
cessfully resist a naval attack.
"New elements such as barrage
Are. drum fire. etc.. many of which
are aimed not at special targets, j
but are intended merely to deny oar
tain areas or lines to the tneaf
will be given careful study. 3L
system of "barrage" lire may have
an important function ir aearoast
defenses. Mfny of the ctfanaela of
approach tb our harbors lie at a
considerable distance from the
shores and may not be completely
closed by mines because of naval
and fcmo^ual ptyds.
Oevered by Gssa
Such channels, in many cases, are
so fully covered by the Are of gust,
snd especially of our older mortar
batteries, as to mak?- It certain that
no enemy would attempt to make
use of them, except under cover of
night, fogs, or thick weather. Such
conditions will necessarily ariae
from time to time and It is bar
lieved that the safest defense under
such conditions will probably be a
barrage flre from our older mortar
Sescoast defenses, other than guns
mounted upon railway trucka. will
bp essential in the opinion of Gea.
Black. He pointed out that in lira
upon moving target*, emplaced guaa
can give a faster and more effectlva
ffre. In this connection he said:
"The sea target must b* observe#
to be IIred upon, for It is in motion.
On land, flre may be directed at
great range, and while it may prove
inaccurate will do great damage.
It is found that though artillery
has been employed on land with
range* as high s* 6I.M0 yards, at
sea the limiting rnge used haa
little beyond 20.000 yards.** j
Oatllne* Kipanaioa Plana.
In outlining the plan by which tha
! coast defense* are to be ex panted,
j Gen. Black said:
I "When necessity re* Mires the ca*
? ture or reduction of sescoast def ansae
? the only method as yet found fairly
successful is by attack from the land."*
To provide the neoessarv wired et?
i trenchments the army will ask that
iS2.OCJO.OOo be expended by the rovara*
j ment. In sdditlon plans for the uae
of mobile artillery and armored trains
j are being perfected.
j Relative to the opinion that in flew
of the long range being used by naval
| cunt, the seacoast defenae* shou!4 ft
: far mo're simple and the expendtf|R*fc
?of funds for intricate emHacfme* af
guns be eliminated Gen. BlaeH
pointed out that the first coat of a
disappearing 14-inch gun is about SMI"
(OOP. and that since the life of the gua
' is but twenty-five years, the
running cost is S14.000. He cc ?nparet
this with the S3.OO0 necessary t< maln
I tain the gui^ and the S90.000 exp
j yearly in the maintenance of
! seventy officers and enlisted men i?
j ed to man it. making the point thai
1 the cost of emplacement was a small
| factor in computing the cost of our
! seacoast defenses.
Think* Parnpet ? In% alaakle.
| 'The annual cost of the p
I which some people think are
! expenee. is about I per cent of the
? whole annual cost." said Gen. Black.
J "But we must remember that theee
parapets, by actual test, have showa
j that they enable a gun to flre 2 per
cent more shots at the enemy before
the gun is knocked out thar vrouW
! be the case If the guns were pieea*'
i In the ope*.
"Great progress haa been mads la
! mapping the country. These military
maps are similar to those used by
i the European armies. We have been
given SS50.000 to be expended in map
ping the coastal plain of the iTaltad
States from Virginia to Texaa."
Gotham "Mariners" Quit;
General Strike Feared
New York. Jan. 1 -A strike of ma
rine worker*, which may involve -4.0M
merf. was started today when ?e venal
hundred deckhsnd*. cooks and flremea
employed by lighterage and ferry
companies waaiked out
According to Thoroai I> Del ah an ty.
chairman of the Marine Workers' Af
filiation the strike wa* unautboi laut.
since the demand of the men for a*
eight-hour day a*4 higher waxes was
now under consideration by the War
Labor Boaard
Transfer of freight from the Jeraef
City railroad terminals to Msnhattaa
and Brooklyn will be greatly t?am*
perai If. tka ?a 4a aei aiap w

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