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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, January 04, 1919, Image 1

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Today?Fair and colder. Tomor
row? Fair, with continued lowering
t^mp^ratOTo; fresh northwest winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 35;
lowest, 25.
NO. 4433
4\\j it inr-vr '? ^ MhUftoB ? *4 *?i
^ ^ A LiM-wkrrf Twi C?sU
itrigue of Mountain Coun
tries to Be Stamped Out
Forever by Independence,
He Declares; Says World
Friendship Chief Aim of
Peace Conference.
>Rome. Jan. 3.?President Wilson,
eaking in the Italian Parliament to
y in the presence of King Victor
nmanuel, th^ entire Italian Cabinet
all members, again vowed the re
l.'al, forever, of the old system of
Jances. secret influence, intrigue
^ military force.
Ve know that there cannot be an
| ler balance of power." he said, ad
jtig that there must be substituted
? it. "a thoroughly united league of
k friendship and goodwill alone, he
*?1. can in the- future be the true
? permanent cement of peace, for
that basis alone can peace be
Therefore." continued the Presi
?nt. "our task at Paris is to orga
ze the friendship of the world to see
it that all the moral forces that
ake for right and justice and 11b
ty. art* united and are given a vital
rganization to which the peoples of
?e world will readily and gladly re
Declare* l.ruftue Pnc(l?tL
*gaiii the President averred that
? League of Nations is not a chimer
| ? an academic proposition, or an
'realizable ideal.
\Vhat men once considered theo
idealistic turns out to be
actical and necessary." he said.
:tates such as those of the Balkans.
?erto held together by brute force,
*t now be independent, Mr. Wil
is speech, in full, follows:
i'our Maesty, Mr. President of the
smher: Vou are bestowing upo:>
an unprecedented honor, which I
I believe that it is ex
is a representative of
le for whom I speak.
; to take the first op
ay how entirely the
American people has
;reat people of Italy.
rot be<
Bound by >lan> Tie*.
hare seemed, no doubt, indi]*
at times to look from a great
ance, but our hearts have never
t All sorts of ties have long bound
?pie of America to the people
Italy, and when the people of the
States, knowing this people,
witnessed its sufferings, its sac
s. its heroic action upon the bat
Id. ami its steadfast endurance
ome touching us more nearly to
luick evt-n than its heroic action
he battlefield. we have been
new tie of profound 4d
? <1
_ \nd
back of it all. and through It
nlng like th'- golden thread
ire It together, was our know*
the people of Italy had gone
?? war for the same exalted
?n of right and justice that
>ur own people.
?io I welcome this opportunity
eying to you the heartfelt
s of the people of the 1'nlted
I'urity of Motive Asserted.
lut we cannot stand in the shadow
his war without knowing t^ere are
igs awaiting us which are in some
ses more difficult than those we
e undertaken, because, while it is
? to speak of right and justice.
? sometimes difficult to work them
in practice, and they will require
urity of motive and disinterested
* of object which the world ha?
?r witnessed before in a council
t is for that reason that it seems
ire that you will forgive me if 1
some of the elements of the new
tation before you for a moment.
The distinguishing fact of this war
that great empires have gone to
?es. and the characteristics of thoso
olres was that they held different
pie reluc tantly together, under the
rcion of force and the guidance
The great difficulty among such
es as those of the Balkans has
< Wife of Senior Member of
Vashington Department Store.
ord was received here last night
he death of Mrs. M. Goldenberg.
of the senior member of Golden
''s department store.
s. Goldenberg died in Baltimore,
.?e she was l?orn. at 10 o'clock last
t. She had been in Baltimore for
e time. While her death was un
acted Mrs. Goldenberg has been ill
some time.
respect to her memory. I. Golden
a nephew, also of the firm of
lenberg's. announced last niglit
the store would be closed today.
I tish Labor Lines Up
To Back Nations League
idon. Jan. 3.?British labor today
resolved to fight for a league of
a meeting of the labor i?arty in
rt Hall. o.OCO delegates passed, by
tk*ally unanimous vote, a resolu
congratulating President Wilson's
for the league, and demanding
British delegates to the Peace
rence make establishment of the
i one of their foremost points,
nonstrations in favor of a league
tlons will be held in all parts
Itain." declared Arthur Hender
:elebrated labor leader, in his
ss to the mass meeting. "The
election was a practical en
ent of the league.'*
's Peace Party
En Route to Europe
?de Janeiro, Jan. 3.?The Brazil
kace delegation is en route to
It on the steamer Curvello.
Emission, headed by Senator Epi
IPeseca. includes Pandia Calo
| Olyntho Magalhaes and Paul
dez. In addition to a number of
Krai assistants.
Ir irvello. formerly the German
lr Woermann, was requisitioned
?I Brazilian government. .She was
|fn 1907, and displaces 6.459 tons.
Boy Hides in Bass Drum;
Reaches U. S. with Writer
I New York. Jan. 3.-Capt. Peter B.
1 Ky/ie. the author, arrived here today
t from France, and with him came a
i little French lad. a stowaway, whom
! Kyn? declared he intended to adopt,
i Th<t boy was found concealed in a
? bass drum after the ship had put to
sea. Investigation revealed that he
had fled, after his father hnd been
murdered by Germans and his moth
er carried away by them. Kyne.
thereupon took the younster under
his wing.
Capt. Kyne was "over there witn
the California troops.
Stirred By
j Old Rome
King Victor Points Out to
Him Many Points of Past
Grandeur of Ancient
Rome. Jan. 3.?President Wilson
ptonight expressed ,rnmense gratifi
cation at his reception in Italy and
! at the result of ?(is conversations
with the Italian King. Premier Or
lando and Baron Sonnino. the for
eign minister.
The President declared that In a
few minutes several questions were
i satisfactorily settled and that the
.work of the TVace Conference was
therefore facilitated.
He said nothing during his tour
! in Europe had struck him more thai.
! to And himself in the ancient city
I of Rome. All the past grandeur or
I Roman history occupied his mind, he
I said, when Kins Victor pointed out
to him the Diocletian baths, the
obelisks, fountains and aqueducts
I and other relics of early Home, the
beauty of the sky and the bnllianeo
of the sun enhancing the superb
| scene. .
Tonight the municipal council or
\ Rome presented the President with
la diploma making him a citizen or
this ancient capital, an honor in
which Mr. Wilson said he felt great
pride and pleasure.
I Tomorrow evening the President
\ and his party will leave for Turin,
Milan. Genoa and other cities. As
1 In England, where he made a spe
cial trip to Manchester,, so here In
? Italy tli*4 President is particularly
anxious to coine in contact with the
masses, the "lifeblood of a nation
land these he will And greeting him in
| the industrial centers which he will
Selfishness Taboo at Peace
Table, He Tells Italian
I Rome, Jan. 3.?"What is ?>appening
I now is that the soul of one people
| is crying to the soul of another, and
I no people in the world with whose
i sentiments 1 am acquainted will be
j satisfied with a bargaining sentiment."
isaid President Wilson in an address
! to a delegation of Italian journalists
[at the Qulrinal this afternoon,
i "I am not foolish enough to sup
: pose," said Mr. Wilson, ''that our dc
' cisions will be easy to arrive at. but
(the principles upon which they are to
j be arrived at ought to be indisputa
i ble."
j The speech was delivered at a re
; ception of representatives of the Ital
j ian press. The editors-in-chief of
! thirty leading papers published in
J various parts of Italy, and covering
I the whole range of Italian journalism
i were present.
1 Signor Torre, president of the Italian
! Press Association, delivered the ad
jdress of greeting. He emphasized the
! necessity for a league of nations and
; for a settlement of all disputes on a
i national or facial basis.
j The President, responding to the ad
j dress of greeting, said:
Predict* Common PtirpoMe.
I "I^et me thank you gentlemen very
J warmly for this stirring address, be
i cause it goes straight to my heart, as
, well as to my understanding.
I "If I had known that this important
j delegation was coming to see me T
j would have tried to say something
I worthy of the occasion. As it is. I
i can only say that my purpose is cer
i tainly expressed in that paper, and I
( believ?- that the purpose of those asso
ciates at Paris is a common purpose,
j "Justice and right are big things, and
! in these circumstances they are big
! with difficulty. I am not foolish
j enough to suppose that our decision
will be easy to arrive at, but the
principles upon which they are to be
j arrived at ought to be indisputable,
I and I have the conviction that if we
j do not rise to the expectations of thr
' world ana satisfy the souls of great
j peoples like the people of Italy we
shall have the most unenviable dis
? tinction in history.
"Because what is happening now is
! that the soul of one people is crying to
j the soul of another, and no people in
j the world with whose sentiments I am
j acquainted will be satisfied with a
| bargaining settlement."
3 Other Divisions Advancing To
ward Viina and Kovno.
Copenhagen. Jan. 3.?Four Bol
shevik divisions are advancing to
ward Riga, and three others toward
Vilna and Kovno. it was reported
late today.
The Germans are said to nave
only three reliable battalions In the
East. Ten thousand German volun
teer troops are, however, en route
for the Baltic provinces to come to
the relief of their compatriots there.
Donhauser, who admits he shot
down Quentin Roosevelt in an air
battle, desires to become a citizen of
the I'nited States and fly for Uncle
Sam. Donhauser, the smallest avia
tor of the German air forces, weighs
ninety-four pounds. He got twelve
planes in eleven days. He was seri
ously injured in a fall the other day.
Berger Declares President's
Change of Attitude Cause
of His Trouble.
Chicago, Jan. ?Representative- !
J elect Victor I>. Berger today at
| tempted to pla< e upon President
Wiison the blame for his present
I predicament. He was continuing his
I testimony in the trial of five So
cialist leaders of whom he is one,
j before Federal Judge K. M. Landis
and jury.
The defendant had been presented
1 with the President's flag day
I speech, and was asked whether he
| did not concur with the ideas ex
"That is the trouble with Mr. Wil
son." said B? ryer. "lie has wonder
ful language ani splendid phrases,
i but he changes his mind too often.
I "When he ha id we were too proud
' to tight, and was opposed to
| army because it was dangerous to
| democracy, and when he ran on the
j platform that he kept us out of war,
I supported him. But later when
j tie tavored the bit; army and severed
I relations with Germany, resulting
{ in a declaration of war, I could
not follow his course."
Editorials written several years ago
; l,v Berger were introduced, one nuot
| ing him as saving Socialists would
?stand by the I'nited States to the end
i in war with Japan.
I "If with Japan, why not with Ger
II many?" was asked.
"Because I do not think the sub
marine warfare was an invasion of
) our rights and this country was not
J attacked by Germany," said Berger.
Asked if h?* supported this country
j when it actually entered the war, the
, defendant replied:
i "I supported the country in the war
| by trying to get it out."
Schenectady, X. V., Jan. 3.?The
20,000 General Electric Company
workers who have be?-n on strike j
j at the plant here for several weeks,
I today voted to end the strike and j
. return to work tomorrow.
The plant will not be re-opened J
{until Monday, it was announced by
1 the management tonight.
Gives House Naval Affairs
Committee Views on Dis
position of Fleet
Destruction of the capital ships sur
j rendered by the Germans has been
formally recommended by Rear Ad
j miral Hugh Rodman, who command
i ed the American squadron operating
j with the British grand fleet, he told
' the House Naval Affairs Committee
i yesterday.
' In his opinion they should be taken
j to sea and sunk in 200 fathoms of
| water, where they could never be
J raised or salvaged. The reasons for
I this recommendation are purely eco
? nomical, he said. The allies have no
need for them that would warrant
j the expense of maintenance and up
| keep, and. if Germany should build a
I new navy, by the*time it assumed
dangerous proportions these present
ships would be obsolete.
"No reason other than purely sen
timental would cause us to raise our
flag on these vessels." h? said.
The Admiral warned the committee]
that there will be an attempt to do
away with the submarine as an in
strument of war. Although he did I
not openly state it, the impression was I
gathered that he meant the Peace
Conference would be urged to make
such a provision in the final terms
of peace.
"In my opinion," he advised, "it
would be suicidal for the United States
to ever consider any proposition to do
away with the submarine. Our geo
graphical position is such that an
Wmy would have to come across the
ocean to attack us. One of our strong
est weapons of defense in such an'
event would be the submarine."
The importance of airplane-carry- i
ing ships also was stressed by the Ad
miral. He told of the work of Brit
ish ships of this type and the devel
opment of a plane which carries tor
pedoes. It is absolutely necessary that
the American navy have such ships
and planes, he -said with emphasis.
ALL SAVE 200 !
Turbulent Sea Causes Post
ponement of Rescuing
Those on N. Pacific.
Navy Bossed Day's Task of
Getting Stranded Soldiers
Safely Ashore.
Fire Island, Jan. 3.?All save 200 of j
the seriously wounded men aboard the I
stranded transport Northern Pacific
had been safely removed tonight when
renewed turbulence of the sea caused
those in charge of the rescue work
to postpone further activities until
All through the day and through the
gathering gloom of the winter's night,
boat load after boat load of troops
had been transferred from the trans
port in which they had been impris
oned since early Wednesday morning,
and carried over?and not infrequently
through?high tossing waves thatj
drenched them with salt spray, to.
other craft of various kinds.
The hospital ship Solace received I
many stretcher cases. These were J
handled with exceptional care during J
that part of the day when -Neptune
was somewhat off his guard and the i
sea had quited down somewhat. When i
the breakers again began to pound I
the rescue work was confined largely |
to getting off the sound and some ofj
the slightly wounded men. The trans-j
port Robert Moreley received a largo;
number of the slightly wounded after j
which she steamed away to land them j
at Hoboken.
I.ark for 1'nlnjured.
The uninjured soldiers, who had!
from the first regarded the entire!
adventure as a huge lark, were car-1
ried in cockle-shell boats to destroy-'
ers and * submarine chasers. They j
laughed and shouted and cheered and ;
sang. "Rocked in the Cradle of the!
Deep," as they were tossed about in'
the frail craft and after being landed
on the destroyers and chasers.
The latter are proverbially no boats
for landsmen, as they are built for
speed rather than stability and are
tossed about like eggshells by the
waves. But the Yanks took it all as
part of the day's work and enjoyed
every minute of it?except those
whose stomachs went unaccountably
on strike.
Today th* navy, which had safely
^assaKe of the Ameri
to boss the Job of seeing the strand
ed soldiers safely ashore. And as
efficiently as they had performed
their first hard task, its officers and
men addressed themselves to the
work in hand. And when tonight
they had information that all but 200
of the transport's 2,4o9 souls had been
removed without a single serious
mishap, they grinned and tightened
their belts for tomorrow s work.
Fire C nanr* Excitement.
Some excitement was caused late
today by a small fire on the North
ern Pacific's after deck, but a khaki
clad bucket brigade quickly extin
guished the flames and the men con
tinued centering their interest in
aiding or watching the passage
down the Jacob's ladders of their
companions as they clambered into
the craft dancing erarily below.
The crests of the huge breakers
were smoothed somewhat by oil. It
was poured trpon the sea's surface
in considerable quantities and had
an appreciable effect upon the water
?also upon the uniforms of rescuers
and rescued alike when a frolick
some wave sprayed its oil-laden
surface over an entire boatload.
"Gee. me for ft hot bath," said a
bronzed young veteran, grinning1
through an oil-coated face as he!
climbed with a landsman's uncertain
step upon a destroyer. "Look at my
uniform, too. You think I'd been
doing K. P. for six months and had
been boiling my outfit in greasy!
"Ah. whatcher speckt?" reported
another. "When a feller's ship
wrecked d'y think he's got a guar
antee signed by Uncle Sam that he'll
be rescued on a feather bed?"
A rapid fire of questions were shot
at the gobs aboard the naval vessels
by the doughboys as they scrambled
aboard. Here are some samples:
"When do we eat?"
"Is this our welcocne home?"
"Hey, Buddy, is the subway fin
ished r*
"Who's sitting on New York's lid?
Is he too big to be pried loose?"
"D'jever see a more ladylike ship
500,000 ARMY !
Would Expedite Demobili
zation of Forces Organiz
ed for Period of War.
Tells Solons Casualty Lists
I Should Be Completed in
Three Days.
j Creation of a volunteer army of 500.
I 000 to replace temporarily the force or
j ganlzed for the period of the war. es
; tafeliahment of three permanent artil
| lery training Scamps and maneuvering
| ground*, acquisition of the First Na
j tional Army cantonments and probably
some of the National Guard camp
sites were advocated by Secretary of
War Baker, appearing before the
House Military Affairs Committee yes
Plans for permanent reorganization
of the army and the administration's
policy with regard to universal mili
i tary training will not be determined
! upon until after the details of tho
I peace treaty are agreed upon. Recom
mendations for the permanent reoi
I ganization of the staff corps, however,
will be made at this session of Con
gress, the Secretary said.
I Virtually all the soldiers In the
I United State* will be demobilized
within the next five weeks, the com
mittee was told. The War Department
expects during that time tc discharge
f 1.000.000 men. Seven hundred thousand
j have been released since tlii gignlng
[ of the armistice.
The final casualty lists should be
completed within the next two or
I three days. Mr. Baker said.
Would Kxpedlte Work.
The chief object of the proposed
volunteer force, he explained, is to
enable the department *to expedite
the demobilisation of the war es
tablishment. Another consideration
making the voluntary force neces
sary. in the opinion of the Secre
tary. is the provision in the law
which requires the discharge of the
men in the present army four
Official Announcement Is
Made by 'American Com
i mission to Negotiate Peace.'
Paris. Jan. 3?Herbert C. Hoover
henceforth w:.i be officially what h#?
has been unofficially for many
months: The world's food controller
and director of relief for the suffer
ing people in all the liberated
regions, neutral as well as enemy.
Official announcement was made
I by the American peace commission
, today that:
i 1.?The allies asked President
i Wilson to have the United States
' government take the lead in organ
J izing and administering all relief
. work.
2.?Herbert C. Hoover will act as
: director general of the whole un
Incidentally the statement issued
on this subject reveals for the first
time the formal and official designa
tion of the American peace delega
tion. It is called the "American
Commission to Negotiate Peace."
The statement follows:
"Upon the President's arrival the
? result of the investigations of the
(United States and allied government
officials into the food situation of the
i liberated countries, neutral and ene
! my. were laid before him.
? "Since his arrival, in addition to his
! discussion with the representatives of
i Great Britain. France and Italy re
, specting the general peace settlement.
1 he has been advised with regard to the
| conferences held between the govern
ments concerning the methods of or
j ganizations for the relief of these
I populations.
"The allies and the United States
1 are in agreement that relief must be
furnished and that the working out of
relief of this character on a large
1 scale necessitates unity of direction
; similar in character to that of the
) method successful In the French and
The Sunday Washington Herald
Tomorrow's edition will contain the first of a series of
sepia prints of the rotogravure process. The subject will be
"Peace on Earth"
This will be followed by similar supplements on successive
Sundays for the next sixteen weeks. The subjects will include
some of the greatest personages of this age. You will want
a complete set of these pictures, which would cost many times
the price of this paper if bought separately.
What Is Bolshevism?
The Washington Herald has had scores of inquiries from
readers asking for a definition on this complicated phase of
European political and social upheaval. Tomorrow this paper
presents what we believe to be the first complete explanation
of this important question.
The Washington Herald's superior four-page colored comic
section and other features which have made us grow by leaps
and bounds will also appear in
The Sunday Washington Herald
Order Today
Three Cents Three Cents
To Italy Considered
Big Diplomatic Success
Rome. Jan. 3.?The big result oi
President Wilson's visit to Italy is
the apparent certainty that the Presi
dent's plan for a league of nations
will be successful.
f nil agreement of all governments
to the plan now seems certain. The
Presidents visit, therefore, is con
sidered a huge diplomatic success. It
is understood the President ha* aban
dono hia intention to visit Belgium.
He may confine the rest of his Eu
ropean visit solely to ttiris.
Baker Wants War Ranks of March
and Bliss Also Continued.
Permanent rank of general would
be conferred on Gens. March. Persh
ing and Bliss in a bill introduced
yesterday by Senator Chamberlain,
chairman of the Senate Military Af
fairs Committee. The rank Lieut.
Gens. Liggett and Bullard also
would be made permanent by the
measure, which Chamberlain intro
duced at the request of Secretary
Baker, in a letter asking Chamber
t ,1?^? this' said thete general*
should have a reward tor their high
Services to the nation. Their present
rank was conferred on them only for
the duration of the war
Board Lays Plans to Foster
Growth of Port of
Potomac River will be deepened
to encourage the entrance of sea
going vessels to the port of Alex
andria. Extensive effort will be
made to foster the growth of this
j nearby city within the next twelve
| This is the determination of the
I directors of the Board of Trade who
| made enthusiastic plans to effect
this project ot an unusually lengthy
meeting late yesterday afternoon
"There has long been talk about
the improvement of the port of Alex
andria." Walter A. Brown, president
of the board, told the directors and
chairmen of the various comjnittees.
"and I believe the time is now ripe
?*? marshal ?1I trade interests in
Washington and concentrate this
mobilized energy toward this end.
Relations More Intimate.
Not only will this movement have
the support of the Board of Trade
but I am confident that it wil
pushed by every oth. i live organiza
tion in the Xational Capital. Through
the growth of the port of Alexandria,
there will grow up between the two
| cities more intimate and profitable re
t A. J. May. president of the rivers
I and harbors committee of the board,
was asked to call an early meeting to
consider improvements at Alexandria
An early and comprehensive report
will be submitted, it is expected.
[ Several other important matters of
j vital local interest were discussed
among which were the half-anl-hall
Plan, the question of suffrage in the
District and the ever-vexing school
Favor Klabornte I'lan*.
When attention was formally called
to the news that the District National
Ouard units soon would he home elab
orate parade and local celebration
plans were tentatively voiced.
There is nothing too good for our
District boys." Mr. Brown said
"Every citizen in the National Capital
should bv given an opportunity to pub
licly show his appreciation for our
own heroes."
Secretary Glass Makes An
nouncement in Appeal
to Bankers.
The actual cash spent by the gov
ernment in December amounted to
I 060.000.000, Secretary of the
j Treasury Glass announced yester
day in an appeal to bankers for lib
eral subscription to the pending is
| sue oi certificates of indebtedness.
The total cash expenditures for
, the last half of the vear totall >3
110.6 3 ?, 000.000.
j Announcement of the details ot
! the next liberty loan is expected
' within the month. It ?s understood
j that reports from the Federal re
serve districts nave shown the
, necessity of increasing the inter
I est rate on the next loan to 4
j per cent. An issue of $5,000,000,000
i is understood to be offered and the
| maturity to be fixed at five years.
I ^ 1- nder the direction of Lewis B.
I Franklin, director of the war loan
i division of the Treasury, plans ar??
also being worked out for an issue
| or new securities into which war
I savings stamps may be converted.
, It is not contemplated that there
shall be discohtinuance of the war
savings stamp and certificate forms
i of investment, but the new securi
i ties, which may have maturities of
from ten to twenty years, are be
ing worked out against the maturi
ties of the present issue.
May "Fire" Hindenburg.
j London. Jan. 3.?Field Marshal
, von Hindenburg and General Groe
ner, LudendorfTs successor, are ex
pected-to be deposed, according to a
| Zurich dispatch. Both are said to
| have declined to recognize and take
orders from the Berlin Soviet.
Mackensen Arrested.
London. Jan. 3.?Field Marshal
Mackensen has been arrested by
French authorities at Budapest, ac
cording to a dispatch from Inns
bruck received here today.
Millionaire Held as Thief
In $42,000 U. S. Robbery
wil!0r^,k KVa ? Jan , ?W B Tr?|
ha" bwn arrested on Federal
rtulVL**?** bim *"h
U.ltii 2 ? "f n,tra" the
United Stated government. He haw
been released on $25,000 bail for bis
appearance before the. Federal com
missioner January 11. Mrs. w B 1
Tredwell furnished the bond.
dorln^'h" <hC head of a
dorlng business reported to have
earned him J500.000 in four year.
It Is alleged that while unloading |
for rmTn'm' 'h'P" 'ad? wilh "'trate '
l?0M W "!! mal<inK he diverted I
J42.000 worth and sold it to ferti-1
llxer companies.
Sinn Fein
To Keep Up
Big Drive
Leaders Plan to Pursue
Agitation for Freedom to
Irritate Britain During
Peace Negotiations.
ever" T" b-1i"e"dVn
let of th I l0*11' vl "age and htm
med?I.i L * and ,0 dem?'>d the
prisoners *" ,rish
ovIr?^',nn Feiner''- arm-d with an !
?rI?h va# ? mandate from the
1 Str.. ,0n"d*r themselves in
a strategic position and propose to
make the best Of Thrv ^
in.JV h. government is moat
\? k?P the Irish situation
quiet during the period of the p. ace
negotiations. They consider It bet
ter propaganda to pursue a course
of constantly irritating the govern
ment and keeping their caua- b. fore
the public than outright declara
tion of independence which would
I.. r """ate foreign sympathy.
The soldier element j, beginning
to inquire, who is master in Ire-1
land-" The question is openly dis
cussed as to whether Viscount
french. lieutenant general and
governor general of Ireland, lias the
Power and the inclination to tak. a
definite course.
rhlcf Secretary of Ireland, Ed- !
ward Shortt. Is generally regarded
as a pacifier, and there is t?ik ot '
frict.on between him and the gov
ernor general, who in the past has
invariably favored "strong arm',
Tlie Irish authorities plainly face'
a grave problem in connection with!
the projected meetings Sunday. Such
gatherings arc illegal under the war
regulations, which have not yet
be? n rescinded.
Senator King Declares U.
S. Must Insist on Full
Immediate action upon Ins rcso- I
lution calling upon the Stale l>c- |
partment to make some move to- |
ward adjusting the claim* of Ameri- ?
can citizen? against Mexico was de- I
manded in the Senate yesterday by .
Senator King, of Utah. He declared ^
that the United States had treated
the government of Mexico with j
marked forbearance ond that the
time has come for "proceeding along
the lines of justice, with vigor and
"Not only millions and tens of
millions of dollars in value of Amer
ican property has been confiscated
and destroyed by Mexicans.'* Servi- i
tor King said, "but many Americans
have been subjected to physical vio- ;
lence and indignities at the hands
of Mexican citizens and a consider
able number have been killed."
hook for Action.
Senator King succeeded in hav ing
the resolution referred to the For
eign Relations Committee. Senator
Hitchcock, chairman of that com- I
mittee. promised to have it con- I
sidered at the meeting of the com
mittee next week.
Another phase of the Mexican sit
uation will be biought before the ,
Senate on Monday, when Senator
Ashurst. of Arizona, will discuss his i
resolutions for the purchase of j
Lower California end a portion
Sonora. and for the appointment of I
a military commission to investigate
the claim for indemnity arising out j
of the border outrages. Senator
Pticlan. of California, will speak on I
the Ashurst resolutions the same
Senator King in his speech declared !
the Carranza government had shown
many evidences of sympathy for the j
German cause in the war and of I
hostility to the interests of the i
United Ste.tcs. He said that for this l
reason, if for no other, the United j
States should pursue a firm course |
with the Mexican government and |
should insist upon full reparation j
for all w rongs inflicted upon Amer- !
ican citizens and American interests, j
Catholic* Oppose Liebknecht.
Amsterdam. Jan. 3.?Sixty thous- j
and persons demonstrated in Berlin |
in support of the Catholic candidates
opposing Karl Liebknecht and Rosa .
Ijuxtmburs for election to the Na
tional Assembly, a dispatch from
that city reported today.
Polet Take Three Towni
Amsterdam. Jan. I.?Polish force*. (
advancing into Germany. have
captured the towns of Gnesen, !
Schrlmn and Grate. a Berlin dis
patch reported today. Strong Ger
man forces, rushed from Berlin and
Dresden, are masking on the frontier j
near Posen.
Solons Take Position That
War-time Arrangement*
Are Impossible Duriaf
Peace, and That Ceo- j
gress Can Settle Ques
tion in 21 Months.
Opposition t<r Director General of
Railroad* MrAdoo'n proposition for 1
a five-year extension of the perM ]
of government operation of the
roads developed early during hla
appearance yesterday before tba
Senate Committee on Interstate
Commerce, and continued throuiH*
out the session.
The opposition took two different
lines jof development. Senators Ui
derwood and I'omerene. of the Dej*
oeratfe majority, repeatedly sought
to obtain from him an admission
that extension of the present ar
rangement with the railroads was
Impossible durin?r peac*.
Senator Cummins led the opposi
tion along tlie other line. He asked
Mr. McAdoo:
"If you sat down to work out the
solution of the railroad problana
wouldn t you hav?- a recommenda
tion in six monthsT*
"Ves." retorted the Direetor Gen
eral. "if you'll leave it to me.**
"Dont you think Congress can do
what you oanT'
The BM rector General was doubt
\of So i rrtsla.
"When you've so many conflicting
theories and have to bring <*?" minds
into agreement. I don't know." said
Mr. McAdoo.
"If the time Of government Opera
tion is not extended. I believe the
roads should be turned hack to their
private owners as soon as possible."
said Mr. McAdoo.
Senators Cummins and K#11o6*.
both Republicans, were solicitous a#
to what might happen to rates and
railroad finances should the lines b#
suddenly returned to their owners,
and asked, on the other hand as te
what would happen to the authority
of the States over intrastate ship
ments. should the Federal control be
extended for the five-year period.
"All t raff ice must ?*? regarded as
Interstate." responded Mr MrAdae
"The President must have power to
fix intrastate rates as well as inter
<|ae*tloM of Speed.
Question of the position of the
Interstate Commerce Commission
und?T the five-year extension arose.
Senator Cummins objected to the
tension of the authority of the di
rector g?-n? ts I acting for the Presi
dent to in;ti&l?> rst?-? without pre
vious review by the commission.
"It is necenttary.'* responded Mr.
McAdoo. "There's need for sp*ed. ajt
times, and the authority exists in
the Interstate Commerce <'ommis
sion to.review the rate* sfter they
hsve been initiated.
Senator Cummins pointed to the
confusion and subsequent levtsion
of rates as initiated by th* director
general, and mr-std that the con
fusion to shippers under that sys4
tem was more nerious than the deA
lay would have been.
"The manner under which ths
power has been * xerclsed under the
war emergency, doesn't mean that it
w ould be exerr'i?ed that w ajr In
peac* times." ssid the direetor gen
eral. 'Speed was essential then.
We were winning a war. I should
not init'ate any rr.te under peace
conditions, without an adequate
hearing of the interests affected.
Then there would still be the power
of re\ iew in the Interstate <">>m
merce Commission**
Ktplainn \ ear's l,e??r?.
'Turning the roads back under
those conditions -would be a enme.^i
declared Senator i'ummin?. who theefl
took up Mr. McAdoo s report on th^^
financial showing under Federal
operation. This had shown a loss of
f 11,000.000 during th? first ye*r of
Federal control.
Mr McAdoo finally l>ecame pomv
what exasperated at the oompnris<?n
oi 1*1$ figures with 1917.
"Don't you understand that you are
coxnxro* ??n iMr.r. two.
Abuse Lloyd George with Full Pre
Revolution Vehemence.
l>?ndon. Jan. i-?By British W ire
less Service.? ? Violent language Is
employed by the Deutsche Tages Zei
tung. the Rhenish Westfalische Zol
tung and the iVuesseldorf Nachrieh
tcn in picturing to their readers the
recent British general election re
sults as a victory for reaction and
defeat for enlightened worker* They
abuse Premi* r l.loyu George with full
pre-revolution vehemence
The Germans had hoped that the
pacifist ^element in Britain would In
fluence the elections. ?n Germany's
favor. Just as they now hope that the
inteT-national labor and Socialist con
ference in l.ausanne may work io
their advantage. When the papers
named speak of "the detest of the
workers" they only mean the defeat
of the pacifists, which was thorough
and complete British workers were
not defeated. Their parliamentary
strength was very considerably In
Plan Railroad to Link
London-Athens via Paris
Paris. Jan. 3?The forthcoming ln
auguiation of an express train service
that will place Paris and Ixmdon in
direct communication with Athens ia
announced by Le Temps The new
service will be via Milan. Venice.
Trieat. Agram-l'skub und l?ar>ssa
In commenting on the new wrvw*,
Temps says It is important frona^fl
political point of view to note tft^H
this new line will be able to lint^^^fl
the west with points in south^^^^^^J
Europe without traversing
Germanic or Germanophile
Hunt Get Ultfnir
Copenhagen. Jan. 3.-^
commander in the Balfl
according to the Dl
Zeitung. has issued anl
the German commandA
that unless be prevenlI
vanee of the Bolshevi^M
tures Walk and Wen^J
will Invade Germany.

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