Newspaper Page Text
Today ? Fair. Tomorrow ? Fair: not much change in temperature; gentle, variable wind*. Highest temperature yesterday, II; lowest 13. THE WASHINGTON HERALD NO. 4454 WASHINGTON, D. C.. SUNDAY. JANUARY 5, 1919. THREE CENTS WILSON DEMANDS $100,000,000 BY CABLE TO BUY FOOD FOR STARVING EUROPEANS; HOOVER ADDS PLEA; FEARS ANARCHY SPREAD Foodstuffs Needed Within Thirty Days to Prevent Myriad Deaths and Wide spread Disorders in All Liberated Nations. Declaring that "foodstuffs must be placed in certain localities with in the next fifteen to thirty days if human life and order are to be preserved," President Wilson has appealed to Congress by cable for an appropriation of $100,000,000 to relieve starvation in the desti tute regions of Europe, outside of Germany. The President's cable was received by Secretary of the Treasury Glass, through the Secretary of State, and was forwarded to the Speaker of the I 'Houle of Representatives. The I Speaker immediately referred it to Chairman Sherley, of the Approprla- I tions Committee, who submitted the | matter in tentative form to ? the i House yesterday. The President s cablegram fol- j lows: "Extended investigation and con- ( side rat ion of the food situation in certain parts of Europe disclose that j especially the urban population in certain areas are not only facing absolute starvation during the com- | ing winter, but that many of these j population/ are unable to find im mediate resources with which to! purchase their food Can't Find Resource*. ?"These regions have been so sub- j jectea to destruction by war. not only of their foodstuffs but of their flnan- | rial resources and their power of pro duction and export, that they are ut- j terly incapable of finding any resour ces that can be converted into inter national exchange for food purchases, i While the Secretary of the Treasury can accept obligations of certain gov ernments, and through these meas- i ures their situations can be cared for temporarily, there are still other j ar**as through eastern and southern j Europe where such arrangements j cannot be made. This appdies more j particularly to the liberated peoples I CONTINUED OS PAGE TWO. WORLD BACKS j WILSON: BAKER War Secretary Declares 1 President Is Spokesman of World Democracy. Buffalo. X. Y.. Jan. 4.?Declaring the spirits of millions of dead men j hover over the Versailles peace ses- j sion. demanding their sacrifices be j not fruitless. Secretary' of War Baker here tonight expressed the view that a league? of nations can be reared to prevent future wars of conquest. He spoke before the Buffalo Cham ber of Commerce. While admitting the proposed league would perhaps not enti^iy guarantee against wars. Baker de clared: "It is at least possible that if we write the record of the judgment of this generation it will have some weight with those who are to come after us. that it will be an admoni- ! tion to the new world that is in th*? making of the experience the old world has had. that it will become a cornerstone in the national policies of civilized peoples, that their chil dren will read it in their school books j about government, and that gradually it will become a commonplace in the hearts of men that th5 suffering and sacrifice and loss of war are things to be endured only when liberty it self is at stake and that no man or group of men dares invoke such a weapon as war in any other than a high and consecrated cause.'* Raker Laud* President. Alluding to President Wilson,' Ba ker continued: "So far as we in America are con cerned our case is in the hands of our Captain. He stands with heard erect in the ancient places of the Old World where other kinds of treaties used to be made, and repre sents a great and free people. It may be that there are voices in this country which quiver with hesita tion. and here and there timorous uncertainty, but back of him in that council chamber are the voices of the democracies of the world, of the men who labor and of the women who sacrifice; he is by the force of J events the spokesman of the dsmoc- j racy of the world, and the composi- 1 tions of this war will be a new Magna Charta. a new Bill of Rights. 1 to liberate the children of the future from the burdens of the past." CONFIRM INTERNMENT OF VON MACKENSEN Confined in Palace of Count Karo-' lyi by French Soldiers. Dispatches through official chan- j nels yesterday confirmed reports that i Marshal von Mackensen. the German , leader, has been interned in Budapest ! by tb* French soldiers in charge of j the city. ^ ? | It is stated that ? detachment of 700 French soldiers went to the palace j of Count I^adislas Karolyi where Mackensen was residing. He protest- ] ed the investment, declaring he had | given himself up to the Hungarian; government, and that no one else had | authority over him. He was in formed by the French that his intern megt had been ordered, and that he j was to remain in the palace wrKch would be under the guard of French | soldiers. j 400,000 Hans Idle. Berlin. 'Jan. 4.?Four hundred thousand people are oat of work) throughout Germany as a result of the ?horta?* of coal and raw ma it wajt iMxo'.-d today. 4 President's Visit to Rome Marked by Private Au dience with Pope, Dinner with King and Pledge of Support. / Rome, Jan. 4.?An audience with Pope Benedict in the famous throne room of the Vatican was the chief event of President Wilson's second day in Rome. With outstretched arms the Holy ; Father draped in a white robe cam? I to meet the President at the door of I the throne room and the two shook hands h%irtily. The audience was en tirely private and no third person | was. present. It is understood social ' problems formed the main topic of I discussion. I The President also discussed with i the pontiff the question of the future ; of Palestine. The Pope communicat 1 ed to Wilson the contents of tele | grams he has ^ceived concerning the I plight of the Armenians. Souvenir for Mr*. \Vil*on. The Pope afterward talked with Mrs. Wilson, who. with a small party, had j remained in the magnificent hall of firms until the bell announced that | the audience was finished. The pontifT presented the President's wife with a beautiful eouvenlr. The Pope shook hands with each of the President's party. He was asked to bestdw his blessing. "Viry well," I he said. One member of the party askea how many of those present were Cath olics. The Pope evidently understood CONTINUED ON PAGE FOUR. Wilson Pays Tribute to Scientists Academies Play Part in Simplifying Problems of Politics, He Tells Savants in Rome Address. Rome, Jan. 4.?President Wilson, upon being made a member of the Academy of the Utucei. in the pres ence of the King and Queen of Italy and a large group of world-famous Italian scientists and high officials, delivered the following address today. "Your Majesty, Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Academy: "I have listened, sir, with the profoundest appreciation to^ the beautiful address which you have been kind enough to deliver, and I w?,nt to say how deeply I appre ciate the honor you have con ferred upon me in permitting me to become a member of this great academy, because there is a sense in which the continuity of human thought is in the care of bodies like this. ^ "There is a serenity, a long view on the part of science which seems to be of no age, but to carry hu CONTINCED ON PAGE FOUR. Vladivostok I Savager Filth Reeks Amid Wi Sleep on Stone Flex Decency Absol By hull Woman War - ( orrmponde nt Now Covering RunnIi and Siberia for The Washington Herald. Vladivostok. Siberia, Jan. 4. The gateway to The Terror. That's Vladivostok. I came to thig forsaken corner of i the earth to penetrate the blackness i that surrounds Russia. | I find that blackness rushing here j to meet me?as it meets all travelers I from America who seek to enter Rus ' sia by its frozen backdoor. Siberia. I Savagery and civilization rub el i bows here. F*ilth reeks amid wealth. AVOID TROUBLE BY ARBITRATION British* Troops Settle Dif ferences at Conference with Commander. London. Jan. 4.?The trouble result ; ing from the pro^st of troops in the j Folkstone rest camps at delay in the'-r ; demobilization was officially reported tonight to have been settled at a con ference between the general office and representatives of the men. War office authorities and officials | of the demobilization department are | investigating the case of each individ I ual. Meanwhile the port of embarka ! tion at Folkstone has been closed. Several thousands of the soldiers, i mfat of whom were said to be des ! lined for return" to France, paraded to ? the Folkstone town hall in a body yes | terday to make a public protest. They i were addressed by the mayor, who j promised their case would be in*esti . gated if they would return to camp. I This is the first time in the history of the British army, ??o far as records 'show, that troubles among the troops .have been arbitrated between "lepre j sentatives of th?* men' %id a com Lmandirui general. J Chief of Food Council De clares 125,000,000 Men, Women and Children at Point of Death; Nations Bankrupt By HERBERT C. HOOVER, Director General of the Allied ! American Supreme Food Council. | By Unlreraal Service. p4ris, Jan. 4.?The Supreme Food I Council Just organised faces the tremendous task of keeping 125,000, 000 persons from starving to death. The United States must furnish the bulk of food. From now until next July $1,500,000,000 worth of provisions must be exported from America. Congress will have to en act legislation enabling the sale of food on long time credits to nations ?or rather shells of one time na tions?some of whom were bellig erents arrayed against the allies, before relief can be given to their impoverished inhabitants. Food will undoubtedly play a lead-1 ing role at the Peace Conference. If relief is not forthcoming, ?nd forth coming with all speed, Bolshevism and anarchy may sweep ove?*desti tute Europe with the fury of a for est fire. Council'* Hands Tied. Save for those nations with whom I America (to-operated actively in the war and to whom we can advance credits, the hands of the new food council are tied. And the people of these unfortunate nations represent | only one-quater of the starving 1 125,000,000 men, women and chil dren. The others are destitute, both in money and food, and it is up to America to "stake" them. "We must send them food in the hope that it will restore order and produce stable governments. When this is accomplished we can look to those stable governments for romun I eration. I The shortage in Germany is mainly | one of fats. Austria, especially Ger man-Austria, is in a desperate plight, i There certain parts, many towns and | cities, will face starvation within i from ten days to two months. This is the reason why 150,000 tons of food have been dispatched to Adri atic ports. Freed Territories Muln Problem. I Germany is by no means the prime j concern for the moment. The lib erated territories of France, Bel gium, Serbia and like countries con i stitute the main problem. Furthermore Germany will have to furnish tonnage for the entire I exportation, with 3.000,000 ton* of j shipping now available in her porls. ! And if we are to # feed Germany, j these same vessels will be used for the transportation of the greater part of our army back home. As for Russia. President Wilson is financing the feeding of the civil ian populations 'in the districts where American and allied troops are stationed from the personal fund which Congress placed at his disposal for war purposes. An interesting example of how the world must save itself, and is already beginning to save itself from starvation is the fact that the Czecho-Slovaks of Italy are now loaning food to the starving Aus trians. whom less than two months ago they were fighting bitterly. CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO. n Grip of y and Misery ealth, Human Wrecks Drs, with Order and utely Defeated. ' / i Order and decency are nearly over i whelmed in a back-to-the-wall battle with barbarism. I And these conditions are only a be Igining to the misery that rules in the interior?or so they tell me here. Reek with Vermin. Human wrecks huddle on stone floors among vermin-infested rags Others, drowsy, stare with vacant eves Beings hardly a step removed from extreme savagery drag their way through the crowd? "It's worse than this in the interior." a voice shouted in my ear. "Think of those who couldn't get away!" Even before the gangplank was dropped, we could see from the boat i that abject misery gripped many in I Vladivostok. "Hold your breath," an officer from American headquarters remarked as j we passed through the custom house, j I tried, but one accidental whiff sent me reeling toward the door. A dirty wharf and a collection of | human beings not half so well kept j or clean as the average village dog j back home-that was my welcome to J Siberfe. I began to realize that i hadn't been altogether misinformed about this part of Russia. OutMpeed Our Alllee. Our machine slid in and out of long j lines of crudely-made wagons drawn by blind, stumbling wrecks of horse flesh. They might have been just In valided home from the Western front. Other machines passed us, rocking and bumping in high speed over the cobblestones. I am sure not one was going less than forty miles an hour. British, Russian, Japanese and Czech I flags waved from the radiators, and the moment we got out of the con gested trfcffc our chauffeur stepped on the accelerator with what appeared to me to be a fiendish determination to outspeed our allies. I found Maj. Gen. William S. Graves, commander of the American forces, and his stafT quartered in an imposing Russian home on the main avenue?Svetlantakaye is one way of speUing it, and there are a dozen of pronouncing |t. From a window in the chief of | staff*e office 1 had a good view of the 1 street below. In less than fifteen l CONTINUED OH PAGE riVA. a Wilson Ranks With Saviour, Orator Says Rome, Jan. 4.?While the Presi dent was en route to Rome he j waa accorded the most cnthusias- J tic welcomes in some of the small | towns. Florid Latin oratory often j rose to hitherto unexplored heights. One mayor, addressing tho President, furnished a typical example. He said: "I do not believe it would be sacrellgious to say fhat President Wilson ranks with Christ as the world's savior." WILSON COMING TO GET SUPPORT Anxious to Crystalize Amer ican Sentiment on League of Nations. That the President expects to carry with him into the Peace Con ference the full strength of Ameri can public opinion, became known in Washington yesterday after the re ceipt of semi official cables from abroad. His return on February 10 is now understood to be for the purpose of crystalizing American public senti ment. Opponents of the league ot nations and the materialists of Eu ropean diplomacy, whose self-inter ests lead them to decry the Presi dent's idealistic program, are seek ing to minimize his authority as a spokesman for this country by pointing to the recent Congression al elections as a repudiation of his program. The President will take occasion to appear before the American peo ple on several occasions, on his return, to explain his program. He expects that it will receive full ac cord from one end of the country to the other. Think* Shock Worn Off. With such a reception, he can point to a united country behind him when he returns to Europe. His close friends think the shock of his break- i ing precedents in going to Europe will i have worn off before his return and that his tremendous ovations in Eu rope will have persuaded the Amer ican people that his trip was worth while as a matter of international friendship nni good will. It is pointed out that tfie birthday anniversaries of Lincoln on February I 12 and Washington on February 1!2, would offer opportunities for appear ances iu a natural manner, and that, a discussion of the career of either would easily open up a discussion of freedom. American Mission To $tudy Conditions In Austria-Hungary' Paris. Jan. 4.?The American Armis tice Commission is sending an expedi tion to Austria-Hungary for the pur pose of studying political, social and 1 economic conditions, it was officially j announced today. The mission, which will arrive in Vienna on Monday, will establish headquarters there, with subagenci?*s j in Budapest, Prague. Agram and other J cities. The party is headed by Prof. A. J. i Coolidge, of Harvard University, who I recently returned from Archangel. -The j other members are Prof. R. J. Kerer, of Missouri University; C. T. Storey, \ of Boston; Lieut. Col. Sherman Miles, i Lieut. L. A. King, of New York; Maj. i Lawrence Martin. Capt. Nicholas I Roosevelt. Lieut. R. C. Foster, captain j of the Dellschaft; Capt. Weller, Capt. ' John Karmazin, Capt. W. A. Pash- ! kowski. Lieut. Philip Goodwin and j Lieut. H. C. Campagnolli. RIOTS AQAIN IN RIGA. German Theater Set on Fire During Renewed Street Fighting. Copenhagen, Jan. 4.?A Bolshevik revolution has broken out in Riga and street fighting is under way, ac cording to the Ix>kal Anzsigar. The German theater has been set on lire. A Russian wireless dispatch re ported tonight that the Lithuanian soviet controls Riga. CHINA DEMANDS KIAOCHOW AGAIN Will Look to America to Defend Her t Against Japanese Aggression. Paris, Jan. 4.?China at the coming1 peace conference will look to Amer ica for support of China's aspirations to safeguard her integrity and pre serve her territory. After many conversations with ex perts on far eastern affairs already on the ground it1 can be stated that China's chief fight at the conference will be opposing the unofficially an nounced Japanese claims for per manent occupation of Kiaochow by "arrangement" with China. Deny Japan's Claim. The Oriental republic's commission ers will insist that Germany origin ally acquired Kiaochow in 1897 under duress when China was helpless, as a totally unproportionate compensa tion for the murder of two mission aries and that Japan's capture of this territory from the Germans In November 1914, did not carry a claim for its permanent occupation nor even title to the ninety-nine-year lew se. \ Two clever Chinese diplomats al ready are in Paris, H. Wellington Koo. graduate of Columbia and until recently Chinese minister to the United States, and Alfred Tze, a Cornell graduate* Chinese minister to Great Britain. Both were educated under the Boxer indemnity fuiui. The names of China's other commission ers have not yet been announced* LABOR WILL NOT STAND FOR GUT, i SAYSGOMPERS; Warns Senate Committee Present Wage Scales Most Stand. LAUDS VALOR OF U. S. Gives America Almost Sole Credit (or Winning of War. The magnificent pledge by the people of the United States of all the nation's resources turned the tide in the war, Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, told the Senate Committee on Educa tion and Labor yesterday. "It was not only our 2,000,000 men in Franco and our unlimited produc tion. of munitions and supplies that did it," he said. "It was the pledge of all our men, all our wealth, to be given without stint that brought the turning point in the conflict." Gompers added that if the United States had gone into the war "in picayunish fashion" the Allies could not have won. "But entering as we did, throwing in everything we had, every ounce of power and every unit of strength, constituted a great and ci-ushing blow to the German military ma chine. I have always been proud of my own country because from the time of our entrance into the war we began to think of it and of our part in it in big terms." Say? All Earope Sinned, j Gompers declared he had never ! been able to understand the bitter ness of the peoploa of England and j of continental Europe, because they I have "all been guilty of the same things, have all done wrongs, have all taken their Auons as freebooters."* j He said that one reason why the American flag is universally respect ed among the nations of Europe, is that it is recognized that the United | States has had no part in these things. No people could fight under the institutions of monarchies and auto I cratic forms with the valor, the brav ery, the abandon, displayed by a peo ! pie fighting under a flag that all knew stood for the things that the* flag of the L'nited States Implies." he added. CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE. EXTRA SESSION BLAME ON G. 0. P. Democratic Leaders' Can cus to Lay Responsibility at Door of Republicans. I Democratic leaders of the House yesterday laid plans to frustrate the : expected attempt of the Republicans I to force an extra session of Congress. A caucus was held in the office of Speaker Clark. Those present includ ! ed the chairmen of the important j committees and other leaders, except Representative Kitchin. who is in j North Carolina. I The plan agreed upon was to con j vene the House at 11 a. m. instead of I noon, as is customary, and to hold I night sessions. This will not be done. 1 however, until the Republicans start i dilatory tactics. | Eleven Supply bills and the war rev- j j enue bill must be passed in order to I prevent an extra session, it is be- j j lieved. Of these, the rivers and har I bors measure now is before the j House. The legislative, executive and | judiciary bill will be reported proba I l?ly by Tuesday, and the diplomatic and consular bill will follow later in the week. The remaining appropria I tion measures, including the army | and navy bills, will be reported as i quickly as possible. It is hoped to j have all these bills on the calendar j within the tiext two weeks. J An important feature of the Demo cratic plan, it is understood. Is to clear away all of the supply bills by February 15, when it is expected the revenue bill will be returned by the I conference. BERGER INSISTS ON INNOCENCE Declares Wall Street Got America in War by Buying Newspapers. , J Chicago, Jan. 4.?With the gov ernment charging Victor Berger with pro-Germanism and the de fense contending that he opposed the war purely as .a Socialist the conspiracy ca^e against Berger and his four Chicago colleagues came to a close today. Taking of testi mony was ended and Monday law yers for both sides will make their final arguments to the jury. Berger quit the witness-stand after three days of continuous ex amination. He refused to withdraw any statement in the closing hours of his testimony. He still main-^ tained the sinking of the Lusitania 'did not constitute an international j crime and dwelt on the theory that | Wall Street got the ? nation in the ' war by purchasing leading news j papers throughout the country. Carl Marx kept England out of ] the American civil war at the criti i cal time when her entrance would j have meant victory for the South," | Berger said. Wub Paderewski Deported. Copenhagen, Jan. 4.?The German armistice commission has protested the presence of Ignace Paderewski in Poland, is causing dangerous ex citement and has demanded that the allies order him to le*ve. Recording to the Beriingske Tidende* Fighting D. C. Battalion ! Is Nearly Annihilated + Corp. Isemann and Private Bolceine Give The Herald First Real Story of Bat tles on Verdun and Other Fronts. Sufficiently recovered from their wounds, Corp. William Isemann. 141 Eleventh street southeast, and Pri- i vate Albert E. Bolceine, 1367 East' Capitol street, yesterday told and col- I laborated the first detailed and con secutive story of the flghling 312th, Machine-gun HattaUon. composed en- j tirely of District boys, which grap- i pled with the Hun against overwhelm- ; in* odds for fifty-six days or up J until November 11, the day the ar mistice was signed. With a somber glint in their eyes these boys yesterday recalled for The i Washington Herald treasured bits of! information concerning the brilliant ] fighting and sacrifices which the Na- i tional Capital will write proudly when i this city's part in the great war is j finally recorded. They tell how the 312th Machine gun Battalion was cut into by a nest of Hun machines and nearly annihi lated. They tell how, often going into bat tle ahead of the infantry and against concentrated fire of German artillery and machine guns, the District bat talion lost scores of its men through casualties day after day in some of j the hardest bits of fightit^g done by j the American forces. Routed Kntirr Batteries. They tell, with pardonable pride,1 how. on one occasion this peerless battalion even put entire batteries of enemy artillery out of action. For the first time these boys' stories accurately give the locations of the 312th Machine Gun Battalion from its first landing in Brest, when It was j housed in a barn, until sir^lays be fore "cease firing" was ordered on November 11. For the first time these boy's sto ries give at first hand the intimate ' overseas* history of Corp. William Compiler. William Eopulucci. Private Harmon Young, Private Owen Grin der. Sergt. Jack Bhanley. Sergt. Jack ] Kelley, Sergt. Harry Chaney, Sergt. I Harry Penn. Lieut. E. M. Newlin. Lieut. Dwight Duryea, Capt. "Tim" I Jordan and others. This unit, over which more concern | has been felt than any other, was i compos#^ of District of Columbia "se- j lectives" who were trained at Camp ' Meade with the 79th division. As Sergt. Isemann was seriously wounded six days before the armis- j tice was signed he reminded, an did ' Private Bolceine, that there must be ; more chapters to tell when all of the members have returned home. Called ??flOO.OOO Private." Recalling the names of Washing- j | ton boys who w?re kTiled and wounded. I Corp. teemana said: I "You remember Corp. William Com- j pher. whom the boys used to call the i *$100,000 private' because he was left! some such sum of money by an uncle j I in California. Well. Corapher, who was a policeman in Washington, was ! seriously wounded, but has recovered since and may be coming back pretty 1 soon to marry one of those hundreds | of pretty girls who wrote him at Meade after the newspapers started the story that he wanted a wife to j share his riches. "Then there was Private William! Eopulucci. also of Company C. He was killed by a piece of shrapnel. He was the last remaining son in his family, which lived in Washington. The President offered him his dis charge when he was drafted, but he refused it. He said he wanted to CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE. RELATES FIRST STORY OF D. C. BATTALION CHRP. WILLIAM I! Offensive Continued By Soviets Allies Appear to Be De creasing Opposition; Ja pan Will Withdraw Troops in Siberia. London, Jan. 4.?The Russian soviet armies are continuing: their successes on all fronts, it was indicated in die-1 patches today. At the same time the allies appeared to be decreasing their j opposition. The Japanese wftr office, according to a Tokio dispatch, has announced that 34.000 Japanese troops will be withdrawn from Siberia and that hereafter only a small force would be maintained there. The Express stated today that the British light cruiser) I squadron would be withdrawn from [ the Ksthonian coast and would pa- : trol the Baltic only as far east as Danzig. German troops, Berlin reported. J [ have rf tir*d to new positions some j I distance from Riga, abandoning the! Riga garrison of more than 1,000 Ger- J mans. The centra! council of soviets held ? j a Ion* consultation regarding the sit- j j uation on the eastern frontier. The j Vossische Zeitung hints at a union I of German and British forces to op- ! pose the Bolshevik advance toward I th#? Baltic. | The Bolshevik official communique. I received by wireless from Moscow. ( stated that the soviet armies continue their offensive on all fronts. Cap ture of Novo-Svenchany. Osipov, Uly-j | anovka and a series of villages along j the l"fa-Sterlitamak highway was re- ' ported. In the Perm i-egion the Bol- j j sheviki retired from Ryzu. From German sources it was report- i ed that Bolshevik troops had captured j i Walk and Wenden. and that the Ger- ! | man army in the Baltic pr<*inces is | in a serious situation through food : i shortage. Desertions are increasing, j Popularity of President Unparalleled in Europe Old Forces of Reaction or Resistance Forced to Swing Into Line?Pleased with Real ization of Their Fondest Hopes. By ALB1IRT THOMAS. Former Minister of Armament. (Copyright, 1918. by Universal Sernce). Paris, Jan. 4.?It is a situation truly exceptional and strange which permits us to enjoy President W.l son in Europe. At home Mr. Wilson is a political man involved in the daily political battle?the newspapers tell us he is indeed the life of his party?and he is therefore exposed to the criti cisms of his adversaries. Some of our reactionary politicians, ardent partisans of a p*ace based upot^ force, attempted to make heard in Europe echoes of the political conflict across the Atlantic. They thereby attempted to reduce Wil son's prestige or attack his ideas. They have not succeeded. l^ackint sympathy and support, among: the masses, his adversaries have shown him the same respect ns his friends. It la Cariosity f Whence comes such unjJrecedented. such unparalleled popularity? Is ft the effect of the amiable and tra ditional curiosity of the people of old world for the inhabitants of the new. which marked the celebrated Franklin visit to Versailles? Is it a manifestation of the grati tude of the allied peoples, particularly the IJreneh, for the chief of the great nation which came at a decisive mo ment to help the triumph of justice j and whose troops hastened victory? Beyond doubt. But the popular af- i fection for President Wilson is some- I thing more. By his statements and ! messages and replies to the diplomatic governments he gave the American in tervention its /complete meaning. He first became known to the Euro pean masses when, hi December, 1916. he asked the two groups of belliger ents their aims. Then be began to be much discussed. Some who are today admiring and supporting him most ar dently asked with anxiety whether there was not home political game which might help Germany behind his inquiry. Events which followed rapidly showed the pure idealism which in spired that first move. Fortified by acts which sustained his words and j invested with authority ba.**ed upon j crowning popular support. President Wilson was then able to formulate before the eyes of an attentive world the means by which he intended to re^ spond to the deepest desires of all hu manity of assuring: a just peace and Institute the rule of justice through a league of nations. Speakn with Precision. The President has the special merit of giving his words that lumin ous precision, that final form which give his most practical political ideas CONTINUED ON PAGE VtlUB. PERMIT YANKS TO SEE EUROPE Doughboys Ordered Home May Visit Other Coun tries Abroad. The adoption of a liberal furlough policy to allow the men in Gen. Pershing's army to make sight-seeing tours in Europe" was announced by Secretary Baker yesterday in a letter to Representative Young of North Dakota. Secretary Baker's letter said: "I have your letter in further refer ence to the question of permitting our soldiers now in Europe to have furloughs for the purpose of visiting other countries, which suggestion j was made by your constituent. P. O. Thorson. of Grand Forks, X. D. Pershing; to <>rant Permission. ?"Since the time that you heard from the Adjutant General to the ef fect that this subject was within the jurisdiction of Gen. Pershing cables have been ?xchanped with him and he has stated that as far as prac ticable leaves will be gfcjren to officers aJid- enlisted men of organisations ordered hom? so that they may see something of Europe.'* Director General Declares All Politics Mast Be Kept Oot of Ownership. INSISTS ON FIVE YEARS So Ions in Cross Fire Grill ing Hint They Favor Pri vate Control of Roads. A ringing declaration that th* railroad* mu?t be kept out of poll* tics, a clear statement that tho whole railroad problem must be solved in the interest of the peopla and not of the railroads, and a con fession that he has himself as yat been unable to formulate any recom mendation for a permanent adjust ment of the government's relation to the railroads mark-d the second and final day of the Director Gen eral McAdoo's appearance before * he Senate Interstate Commerce Com mittee. He continued h!s argument for n Ave yeans extension of the govern* ment s operation of the lines under a cross fire of questions from Sena tors Kellogg, Cummins. 1'ovnerene and I'nderwood. and no word of sympathy for his recommendation was heard until he was about tn leave the committee when Senator LaFollette. whose silence had been unbroken through th?- two days' session, sought to briefly restate thn McAdoo position. "That is my position. Thanfc you." he said to the Senator. Trib utes to McAdoo's administration of the roads, however, were paid by the members of the committee. Moat Bar Politics. "The railroad* must be kept out of politics," Mr. McAdoo declared. "I'vs religiously kept them out of it. I don't know the politics of the offi cials. Wait. 1 be lie \ e I do know the politics of one of the regional direc tors. He's a Republican. We haven't cared what a man's politics are. We've tried to get the best railroad ing talent available." This declaration came during a se ries of question:* by Senator Town send. The second high 5T?ot was dur ing the questioning of Senator Mc* L^an. of Connecticut. The Senator had gone back to the question which CONTINUED ON PACK POCfc. LAST MAN OFF STRANDED SHIP Only Skeleton Crew Re mains on Northern Pa cific to Float Her. Kire Island. X. T . Jan 4.-Only ? skeleton crew remained on the ed hospital transport Northern PacMo tonight. The l.Mi wounded. 71ft other troop* and passencers and moat of the ??? navy sailors and officers liad beet* safely removed The troops were aC Mills; the wounded scattered in several hospitals In and near New York. Wrecking operations were started late this afternoon. Hope of pulling the Northern Pacific Into deep watel? ha* not been abandoned, but tint sh? must be lightered by throwing oveiv. board her guns and other heaw moT? able*. ' ?"?? a Life U?t. Great credit was given to the n<ik the coast guard and the Army Media cal Corps for taking more than 2.!** persons off the *hip. under the wors? weather conditions, without losing ? single life. The rescuers faced deatd constantly, taking desperate chances, and suffered many hardships as thejfl tolled on hour after hour, drenche? with spray, in rain that turned trig snow early today. The skies cleared this afternoon, and the sun came out for the flrsm Ume Since the Northern Pacific struck, Wounded l arked Freak Ate. The ship grounded shortly after 1 a. m Wednesday The worst suffer*, ing aboard. It was said was whea the automatic ventilator system wmm put out of commission by stoppage of the engines Wounded below decks then lacked fresh air The strain was made harder to hear, said coast guards, by the deafening crash of breakers against the side of th? steamer The noise and Jar wer? stunning Finally drinking water ran low From first to last the morals of the men in such deadly peril, many of them bed-ridden and help less, was unbroken. Tonight the sea was much calmer, and danger of the Northern Parlflo Koing to pieces appeared to have passed for the present. Official inquiry into the cause of the accident to the Northern Pacific may be protracted. It was declared today. Reports were current that ths Fire Island Light was mistaken for the Ambrose L.ight and that the offi cer on watch Wednesday morning awaits official action while confined to his quarters. The ship was said to have been steaming, bow on. to ward Fire Island when she grounded. Another report, that the compass was defective, received little credence. BRITISH WARSHIPS IN FINLAND Finnish Soldiers Join Voluntary Army to Fight Bolsheviki. Copenhagen. Jan. 4.?Five British wsrships have arrived at Helsincs fors. capital and chief port of Fin land. Three of the vessels after- * wards escorted a Finnish transport to Reval. More than 10.0M Finnish soldiers have joined the voluntary armv to fight Bolshevism Elected, Tkca Arrested. I thiblin. Jan. t?Cathal Bruglia | newly-elected Sinn Fein member of I Parliament, was under arrest hera today. The charges were not m?d? k public.