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Today ? Unsettled. with probably rain or now. Tomorrow?Fair and colder; fresh and strong shifting winds, becoming northwesterly. Highest temperature yesterday. 45; lowest. 31. THE WASHINGTON HERALD ONE CENT NO. 4458 RED ANARCHY RULES BERLIN; LEADERS PREACH TERRORISM Street Fighting Still Con tinues, with Hundreds Slain; Decisive Battle Be tween Bolshevists and Government Today. Berlin. Jan. 7.?(Delayed.)?Fearing | affiliation of their party with the1 Spartacans as the result of two bloody revolts, the Independent Social- | ifits have commenced negotiation? with i the Ebert government with the view i to securing a bloodlese victory for the workers. The Spartacus group, however, refuses to enter into any negotiations. "Force" is their keynote and the only means they propose to employ till all Germany is engulfed by the class war they are preaching. Noth ing short of a repetition of the Rus sian terrorism ia their aim. Though It has strong-armed forces at its disposal, the Ebert government took no serious action against the "Reds" today. The streets were black with crowds all day. Work has ceased in all factories. The Reds are in control of all rail way stations to prevent aid to the government entering the city. Sol diers with machine guns are on all housetops. Everybody carries arms. The Reds are distributing weapons to all their adherents. They have occu pied the famous Brandenburg Gate. The marines have Joined the govern ment troops. The underground railway system is tied up. Seise Newspapers. The radicals are reported to have seized the Wolff bureali (gov ernment news agency), three news paper buildings, the government printing office and the railway de partments. The Reds appear to con trol the vicinity of the royal palace and Alexander square. They are demanding demobilization of the en tire revolutionary army. Government troops occupied the top of the Brandenburg gate this morning ambushing behind the bronze horses, which the Prussian* stole from France in 1870. They were prepared to hold this strate gical position overlooking four broad parts of the city, but no di rect attack was made on the gate itself until 2 o'clock and then the Bolshevigi made three attacks, kill ing or wounding the men on top of the gate. There was also firing in Unter Den Einden where there were many casualties. Hoist White Flay. After the third attack the govern ment troops hoisted the white flag and abandoned the gate. The Reds did not attempt to occupy it, but transferred the center of the flght to Wllhelmstraa?e whtfre hefrvy fttchting is proceeding. Thert is every reason to believe decisive flighting will take place, possibly re sulting in the Bolsheviki seizing power by tomorrow i Wednesday) horning. An entire division, with artillery and machine guns, is reported to be marching on Berlin and Potsdam, to put down the Spartican revolt. The Ebert government has decid ed to employ German "frightful ness" in suppressing the Spartacan revolt. The government has decided to equip its troops with flame throwers, and crush Carl Lieb knecht, who is reported to have nar rowly escaped death several times during the fighting. / Copenhagen. Jan. 9 (Thursday). ? Three hundred persons have been kill ed and many hundreds wounded in Berlin since Monday. In Munich a mob of 5,000 Unem ployed men and women was attacked by machine guns. Two were killed. In Duesseldorf (on the Rhine) a Bol shevik republic has been proclaimed. In Schwerin. a Junker stronghold, the Bolsheviki were driven from the barracks and public buildings. Berlin and many other parts of Germany are in the throes of bloody civil warfare in which the sparta cans. now assuming the appellation of Bolsheviki. are striving to plunge lhe whole fatherland into terrorism. Eiebknacht is telling the Berlin crowds the hour for a "world revo lution'* has struck. Calls Berlin Insane Asylum. " "Berlin is an insane asylum," says Germania. The Ebert government is ?aid to have strong armed forces, but s trying to stave off decisive battle to prevent terrific blood bath. Bolsheviki are in control of whole railway system. A Bolshevik republic has been set ap in I>uesseldorf, on the Rhine. The Spartacans are in complete con rol of Mannheim and Oberhausen and nave proclaimed a Bolshevik govern ment. At Nuremberg they have seized the newspapers. There are daily demon strations in the streets of Munich, -lamburg and Frankfort are solidly in avor of the Ebert government. The Reds have captured an ammuni ion factory at Spandau and are arci ng citizens there. DETECTIVE JUSTIFIED FOR KILLING FUGITIVE loroner's Jury Decides Harney Shot Prisoner in Self-defence. Detective E. T. Harney, of the ?fourth Precinct, yesterday was ex >nerated of blame by the coroner's ury in killing Richard Alexander, jolored. when the latter defied ar rest Tuesday. The verdict of the jury stated that ?the shooting was justified in de fence of his life and in the perform ince of his duty." Harney today is being congratu ated by a host of friends, both In he police department and in civil Ife. "His record during the past ten 'ears is "clean." according to Maj. 'ullman. "I did my duty.** he stated last light. "It was forced upon me, or never would have taken the life ?f my fellow-man." Poiacare Sends Sympathy. President Poincare sent messages I f sympathy to the two sons of for- | ler President "Roosevelt, who are /ith the American Army of Occupa ion in Germany, it was announced j t tt.e French High Commission yes erday. War Department Is Silent on Reported Forced Lowering of American Flag from Hotel Roof by General Harries. The report contained in press dis patches from Berlin yesterday that an American flag was raised over the Adlon Hotel, in Berlin, by Gen. W. H. Harries, and then hauled down in the face of a mob has not been offi cially confirmed here. Secretary of War Baker was silent on the reputed incident, saying he knew nothing about it. In army circles, the view as to the course to be pursued if the incident happened as rep<yted, is that it will be entirely up to Gen. Pershing. Some ot&ctals expressed the opinion that if Gen. Harries did what he is reported to have done, he did a "very risky and dangerous thing." as the United States is still officially at war with Germany. Shouldn't Have Hoisted It. Their position is that Gen. Harries had no right to hoist the flag, either of his own desire or at the request of entente representatives reported to have urged him to do so for their protection, when they took refuge in the hotel. However, they say that if he was justified in raising the flag, then to lower it even in the face of a mcb was a discreditable thing to do, at least. Officials regard the matter as purely military, and therefore be yond the jurisdiction of the Stale Department. Gen. Harries heads the American mission to Berlin, sent there with Germany's consent after the sign ing of the armistice. With him are Lieuts. Gaillard and Sehelling. All three are former National Guarl officers of the District of Columbia, and Harries is a former Washington newspaper man. and a colonel of volunteers in the Spanish war. Third Bolshevik Army Shattered, Is Report The third Bolshevik army of ten regiments has been shattered, ac cording to Swedish press advices re ceived by the State Department yes terday afternoon. The Omsk government group is reported to have successfully ad vanced past Kama and Noet, chas ing the Bolshevik army toward Glassov. Thirty-one thousand prisoners, many armored trains and great amounts of raw material and ra* serve supplies were reported taken. 1,385,300 LIVES LOST BY FRANCE DURING WAR 875,000 More Totally Disabled, High Commission Announce*. France's losees in the war in dead and missing were J,385,300, the French High Commission announced here yes terday. The missing included in this official total, which is the first made public by the French government, have not been located in German prison camps and are believed dead. Approximately 8*35,000 French soldiers are totaly disabled, the commission reports, making the republic's man power loss 2,260.300 or nearly 6 per cent of her population. France had 7,500,000 men mobilised, it was stated. Czar Alive! SoIsFamily! Says Letter Grand Duke Receives Mis sive from Daughter of Nicholas Romanoff Re futing Murder Story. __ Archangel. Jan. 8.?The Russian Grand .Duke Cyril received on No vember 18, a letter from the former j Grand Duchess Tatiana, one of ! Nicholas Romanoff's daughters, say i ing that the former Empress and her daughters were still alive and that the ex-Czar had not been shot. The Bolshevik officer who had been ordered to carry out the sentence of death, according to the letter, said it did not matter to him who was shot; he had only to produce a mutilated j corpse. | Count T offered to lay down his life for the former Czar. Tatiana writes. Nicholas Romanoff protested j [ vehemently, but Anally yielded to the loyal count s sacrifice. The ex-Czar then escaped and his whereabouts is unknown. Information from other sources tends to strengthen the belief Nicho las was not killed and that his fam ily, too. is alive. Poiln Instead of Wilhehn. Citizens of Metz have erected a | i statue of a French poilu on th? | [ pedestal formerly occupied by the 1 figure of Wilhelm I., according to [ French cables. Got. Holcomb Inaugurated. Hartford. Conn.. Jan. 8.?Gov. Ht.* comb was inaugurated today for his [third term. Admit Japan as Fifth Power at Coming Peace Conference Her Delegates Will Be Considered on Parity With Plenipotentiaries from America, Britain, France and Italy. (Special Cable Dispatch) I Paris. Jan. 8.?Japan will be con | sidered on a parity with the "big J four"?America. Britain, France and ! Italy?as a fifth dominating power at ! the Peace Conference. Her delegates will sit with the plenipotentiaries of ' the other four nations in the prelimi ! nary conference commencing some time next week. j Information to this effect was com municated to the correspondent today | by the highest American authority, j besides the President himself, now . here. I The league of Nations will be the j fir# subject of discussion when the I Peace Conference opens its work. No ! other problem will be tackled until j full accord is reached on this issue. I This information, coming from an American who is closest to President Witeon was given, for the avowed pur pose of settling definitely the specula tion going on at Washington, in and out of Congress. It may further be said that such a statement would not be given out if the representatives of the four main powers were not agreed upon the ne cessity of settling the league first. Nor is it an unwarranted assump tion that at Ix>rd Robert Cecil's con ference with President Wilson, Pre EXTRA SESSION FIGHT WARMER Motion to Convene at I I o'Clock Brings Objection j and Adverse Ruling. The Democratic plan to prevent the Republicans from forcing an extra session of Congress was openly an nounced in the House Just before ad journment last night. In making the motion to adjourn. Democratic Leader Kitchin fixed the time for convening today at 11 o'clock. 'Representative Stafford. Republican, of Wisconsin, reserved the right to object, and the Speaker ruled that a resolution should be brought in to change the convening time. Sapply Hill* by February 15. In making his motion. Mr. Kitchin explained that the big supply bills must be passed and sent to the Senate by February 15. He said the legis lative. executive and judiciary bill, and the diplomatic and consular bill now are ready, and that the Indian I affairs bill would be coming along \ before the others were disp^ped of. The Democrats were prepared, ho said, to have the House convene at 11 a. m.. and hold night sessions if necessary to get the supply bill* through by February 15. The resolu tion changing the converting time probably will be brought in today, i but night sessions will not be held until it is found to be necessary. mier Clemenceau and the American] commissioners last night, Lord Cecil presented Britain's final assent to give] .precedence to the league discussion I over all other issues. j Equally warranted is the deduction j that this not only represents a big Iger triumph for President Wilson, but insures a tangible, constructive super I national body being born at the con ference ' Secretary Lansing made the follow ing statement today: "The interallied meetings will begin some time next week and which Presi dent Wilson will attend, must not be considered the op?*ning of the Peace Conference, but they will be merely the necessary preliminaries between five powers to arrange the details of representation and will allow the in terested nations to draw a general conference plan. "They will be but the continuation of the unofficial conferences of the recent past and they will not neces sarily be attended by official peace delegates, for France, for instance, has not yet announced her dele gates. "The meetings cannot be public, but I believe communiques will be issued daily and everything possible will be published." TREASURY TO ISSUE MORE CERTIFICATES First Series for $600,000,000; Banks to Be Relieved. The Treasury Department yester day announced that two new series of certificates of indebtedness would | be put on the market at once, one1 for $600,000,000 acceptable in pay ment on the next issue of liberty I bonds, and the other in anticipation ! of taxes. The issue of $600,000,000' is a reduction from the recent is sues, which were $750,000,000, al though the demands on the Treas ury are now at the high point, but \he issue in anticipation of taxes is 1 expected to yield enough revenue to make this possible. These certifl j cates will be acceptable in payment of income and excess profits taxes, j and by reducing the amount of thei other issue, the amount the banks will have to absorb is cut, relieving them so they may meet the flnanc-j ing demands of the reconstruction! period. Treasury statements show that the j ordinary disbursements for Monday, January 6, were at the top in the history of the country, a total of $125,900,000. Six Destroyers Return from Duty Overseas Boston, Jan. b.?Flying the "home ward bound" pennant, six United States destroyers steamed into the harbor , here today amid a roar of whistles from other craft The ships, which were on patrol duty in European waters, were the Bell, Stringham, Sigourney, Kimber ley, Porter, and Wainwright. Socialist Representative elect Faces Penitentiary and Big Fine. . 1 CASE TO BE APPEALED , Four Co-defendants Are Also Convicted; All Re leased on Bail. Chicago, Jan. 8.?Victor I* Berger, -Socialist Representative - elect from I Milwaukee, and four co-defendants. | were found guilty today by a,Jury in the Federal court of violation of the espionage act through conspiracy to obstruct the government's war pro-, gram. Those found guilty with Ber ger were Rev. Irwin St. John Tucker. y. Kruse, J. 1 -ouis Engdahl and Adolph Germer. The Jury was outl six hours. The conviction subjects the men to a penalty of from one to ten years in prison on each count in the indict ment. There are twenty-si* counts. Pines of from $1,000 to *2.000 on each count also may be Imposed. Attorneys for the Socialists made the motion for a new trial, which Judge K. M. I-andia said he wouM hear January 20. Sentence probably will be delayed until after this hear ing. Released on Ball. The Ave convicted men were releas ed on bonds furnished at the time of their indictment. Berger. upon whom has fallen the brunt of the prosecution's attacks, was for a moment overwhelmed with surprise and Jumped from his chair as the verdict was read. His at torneys restrained him and pushed him back, where he sat trembling with excitement, while an individual poll of the Jury was taken, each juror answering that the finding of guilty was his verdict. Berber then made the following brief statement: "X have done no wrong. I have been living up to those principles for thirty-seven years?those principles which the Jury has seen ftf to con demn. I cannot account for the ver dict." Judge Land is read his instructions to the Jury at 11 o'clock. They con sisted of an explanation of the es pionage act. He told the Jurors what constituted a conspiracy under this ' ^ou tnust 6ear in mind, gentle men. that when this act was passed the country was at war," he said. "To prosecute the war successfully the government had need for the full power of its army and navy." Ileelared Party ?>" Trial. Throughout the trial, which lasted three weeks, the Socialist attorneys insisted the Socialist party was on trial and not the five defendants. Seymour Stedman, chief of counsel for the accused men, hammered this point to a conclusion in his final ad dress to the Jury, declaring the ver dict must be made upon the question as to whether a political party of 1,000.000 voters had the right to free speech and free thought. The prosecution piled up individ ual charges of interference with war work against each individual defendant. Editorials written by Berger in his newspaper, the Mil waukee Leader, and under his own signature, were produced in court. On the stand he nwde many admis sions. including a statement that the Germans were right in sinking the Lusitania. , - Had "Underground Rnllwny. ' And so it was with Germer and the other defendants. Germer was shown to have been active in per fecting'an "underground railway to Mexico for conscientious objectors. In this he was aided by J. Louis Engdahl. Rev. Mr. Tucker made no evasion of his pacifist views. The trial followed a big legal skirmish, in which figured search warrants, raids, denying the use of mails to publications, pleas of for mer Jeopardy and a final fight by the accused men to take the case from judge I^andis. POINCARE WIRES FAMILY OF T.R, Condones Widow and Sons in France; Says France Shares Sorrow. Paris, Jan. 8.?President Poincare, of France, is known to feel a deep personal sorrow over the death of Theodore Roosevelt. When the news reached him, M. Poincare immediately send Mrs. Roosevelt the following message. "Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, "New York. . "Allow me to condone with you on vour mournful loss. Your illustrious husband was a great friend of France. France shares in your sor row. "(Signed) "RAYMOND POINCARE. The French President also sent a message to the late Colonel's sons, who are officers in the American army, now stationed at Coblenz. For the former President's sons M. Poin care feels particular sympathy as dur ing a recent visit to the front he met and conversed with them at length about their father whom the French chief executive kn.w ^r.Hon ally and intimately. When the Col onel was here for Hermit a wedding he paid several personal visits to M. Poincare. In addition, to his personal sorrow, the French President senses together with his entire country the Importance of the loss incurrrt by the Colonel's death both in the United States and in France, which has long regarded him aa a sincere friend. REVENUE BILL AMENDMENTS AGREED UPON Normal Income Tax Rate to Be 12% of Net Income in Excess of Exemption. HARMONY NOW REIGNS \ Adopt Senate Plan to Re dace Collections for 1920 to Four Billions. The conferees of the Senate and House on the revenue bill, yester day agreed to the Senate amend ments on the normal income tax rate, the individual income surtaxes and the exemption of State, county and city bonds from taxation. In cluded in the sections agreed to is the Senate provision fixing the in come rates for 192CK which is part of the plan adopted by the Senate to reduce the collections for that year to $4,000,000,000. The normal Income tax rate far the ensuing year under yesterday's agreement, will be 12 per cent of the net income in excess of the per sonal exemption of $1,000 for a sin gle man an3 $2,000 for a married man. and $200 for each dependent child; upon the first $4,000 of such income, however, the rate will be only 6 per cent. For the year ending June 30, 1920. i the rates will be 8 per cent anA-^fj | per yent, respectively. It was announced that the meet ing of the conferees, the first held | since the bill was passed by the i Senate, was marked by extreme har mony and that the agreement was reached without much debate. The 1920 plan was adopted by a party vote, as in the Senate, but the Demo cratic majority in each house as sures final acceptance of the plan whenever the bill is reported. % schedule of Sartaxes. The schedule of surtaxes adopted ; by the Senate and agreed to by the J conferees provides for the collection I of the folio* ing taxes on net incomw. | in addition to that collected under j the normal tax: On the amount of income in excesa of $5,000 and not over $6,000, 1 per cent; I between $6,000 and $*,000. 2 per cent; between $8,000 and $10,000. 3 per cent.; j between $10,000 and $12,000, 4 per cent; between $12,000 and $14,000. 5 per cent; between $14,000 and $16,000, |6 per cent; between $16,000 and 118, '000. 7 per cent; between 118,000 and $30,000. 8 per cent: between $20,000 J af?d $22,000. 9 per cent; "between $22, | *00 and $24.f?i0. 10 per <^nt; between' $24,000 and $26,ooo. 11 per cent; between $36,000 and $28,000. 12 per cent; between $28,000 and $30,000. 13 per cent; be tween $30.nno and $32,000. 14 per cent; between $32,000 and $34,000, 15 per cent; between $34,000 and $36,000, 1? per cent; between $36 000 and $38,000. 17 per cent; between $3S,000 and $40,000. 18 per jcent; between $40,000 and $42,000, 19 per cent; between $42,000 and $44,000. i 20 per cent: between *44.000 and $46. 000, 21 per cent; between $46,000 and *48,000. 22 per cent; between $48,000 and $50,000, 23 per cent; between $50. 000 and $52,000, 24 per cent; between $."2,000 and $54,000, 25 per cent; between $54,000 and S56.O00, 36 per cent; between i $56,000 and $58,000, 27 per cent; between [$58,000 and $60,000. 28 per cent; be tween $60,000 and $62,000. 29 per cent: between $62,000 and $64,0110. 30 per cent; between $64.mo and $66,000. 31 per cent; between $66/100 and $68,000. 32 per cent; between $68,000 and $7?i. 000. 33 per cent; between $70,000 and $72,000. 34 per cent; between $72,000' and $74,000, 35 per cent; between $74. ooo and $76,000 36 per cent; between S76.oon and $78,000. 37 per cent; between : $7*.000 and J80.000. 38 per cent; be- j j tween $80,000 and $82,000, 39 per cent; | between $82,000 and $84,000. 40 per I cent; between $84,000 and $86,000. 41 per 'cent; between $86,000 and $88.0f0. 42 per cent; between $88,000 and $90,000, 43 per cent; between $90,000 and $92, 000. 44 per cent; between $92,000 and $94,000. 45 per cent; between $94.0o0 | and $96,000. 46 per cent; between $96. 000 and $98,000. 47 per cent; between $98,000 and $100,000. 48 per cent; be ; tween $100,000 and $150,000. 52 per cen\, i between 1150.000 and $200,000. 56 per ' cent; between $200,000 and $300,000. 60 per cent; between $300.ooo and $500. 000. 63 per cent; between $500,000 and' $1,000,000, 64 per cent; income in ex- ! cess of $1,000,000. 65 per cent. The House provision exempted from taxation all State, city and country ! bonds issued prior to the passage of the bill, but Imposed a tax on subse- i quent issues. The Senate struck out I the proviso, so that in the form final- ; ly agreed to all such bonds will be . exempted. 1 Held Up by Highwaymen; Robbed of His Tobacco "Halt." One of three young; white men so ordered James T. Watts, of 1369 L street southeast, last night at Four-! teenth and L* streets southeast. Watts kept on. One boy struck him over the right eye. Another threw him to the I ground. A third rummaged through his pockets and got three packages of tobacco and his pipe. Tiyen Watts started yelling. The three departed. He walked to the fifth precinct sta tion. gave details, and was sent to the Casualty Hospital for treatment. W. & L. STOCKHOLDERS MEET. At a meeting of the stockholders of Woodward and Lothrop, held at the office of the corporation, in this i city, on Tuesday, January 7, 1919, the following trustees were elected for the year 1919: Donald Woodward. W. [ W. Everett, M. Fischer, J. N. Lut-; I trell, N. H. Lnttrell, John Tyssowski, B. W. Parker, G. N. Everett. i The new board elected the follow ing officers for the ensuing year: Donald Woodward, president; W. W. Everett, first vice president and man ager; G. N. Everett, second vice pres ident and secretary; M. Fischer, treasurer. m Ex-Solicitor General Arretted. Chicago, Jan. 8.?Charles H. Aid rich, United States solicitor general Ip 1S92 and 1893, was under arrest here tod/iy charged by Frank C. Patten with running a confidence i game. LLOYD GEORGE WANTS STRONG ARMY ON RHINE Cautions Against Hasty Demobili zation of England's Forces. London, Jan. 8. ? Premier Lioyd George tonight made the following statement in response to the general outcry against the delay in the British demobilization: "Although the fighting has stopped the war is not over. The German armies are not yet demobilized. They are still very powerful. No one can tell what the Germans will do. nori whether they will agree to the terms of peace, especially as regards repa-1 ration. "It is imperative that we maintain i a strong army on the Rhine. Impa tience now might lose In a few weeks all that It has taken years of heroism and sacrifice to gain." River-Men Vote Strike; ] 66,000 Out Culmination of Dispute Over 8-Hour Day May Tie Up Port and Para lyze Railroad Terminals. INew York, Jan. 8.?Fifteen thousand marine workers of New York harbor have voted to strike at 6 a.m. to morrow. A sympathy strike of 42.000 long shoremen and 9,000 freight handlers is predicted if the threatened strike lasts over twenty-four hours. An unanimous vote to strike was cast at the headquarters of the ma rine workers affiliation late today. It is predicted that the calling of the strike will paralyze traffic in New York harbor. Incoming and^ outgoing shipments of grain, coal and other supplies here will stop. This Includes livestock and perishable beef coming in here from the West. It will practically congest and paralyze all the railroad termi nals in this port. Ocean liners will be unable to leave or dock at the port. The shipment of nee<fcd pup plies overseas will halt The strike order exempted boats owned by the government which carry sick and wounded from transports to base hospitals. The order probably will halt incoming transports with thousands of men aboard. The vote to strike is the culmina tion of a dispute over the eight-hour day between the marine workers and boat owners, which the latter refused to arbitrate. Ruling that it did not have jnrtodiction. the National War Labor Board left the nutter to the two disputants. ITALIAN PEOPLE REGARD WILSON j AS PEACE KING President's Personality Has Made Deep Impression on Working Classes. HIS DEMOCRACY WINS Vital Questions to Be Set tled in Principle Before Return to U. S. Paris. Jan. 8.?His information- 1 seeking tour of Europe completed. President Wilson is now ready for : the task that brought him over- \ seas. He is by this time as well ; informed as any American can be on all shades of opinion in the three j great European parties to the peace , agreement. In Italy the President was brought into more immediate con- J tact with the workingmen than in the other countries, and he seemed? to take more delight in his experi- j ences there than anywhere elae. No : American in the Wilson party had I ever before seen the President un- ! bend as he did in Milan, where after j waving his hands to the crowd with 1 almost boyish enthusiasm, he actu-j ally led the band when it played the American national anthem. Wilson Certain of Saeeeaa. The significance of this is that Pres- j ident Wilson came to Europe to) waken the governments and peoples j ; to his ideas of democracy. In Italy ! he seemed to find a more immediate j and ready response than elsewhere. . He can now sit down at the peace . table with the feeling of certainty that all the countries are with him. and certain of the result he has set | out to attain. It is known positively that M?v ! Wilson found Premier Orlando and i Foreign Minister Sonnino in complete I accord with his league of nation* | plan. Whether they will agree to full j I freedom for the Jugo-Slavs beyond i the Adriatic is a matter on which : I they have not yet committed them- J I selves. Work of Penf*e Table. But neither is England as yet com- , i mitted on the question of the free 1 dom of the seas, nor France on the question of territorial extensions. All these things must be threshed ! qut around the peace table, a^d all I CXlSfTTXCID OS PAGE THRU Deserter, Who Faced Death Penalty, Cited by Pershing Conscientious Objector, Who Would Rather Obey God Almighty Than Any Mortal, Covers Himself with Glory at Verdun. Conscientious objectors and de serter. then a hero commended by Gen. Pershing?that is the record written beside the name of Private Richard L. Stierhein, Company D, 315th Infantry, Philadelphia regi ment trained at Camp Meade, Md.. by First Lieut. W. W. Gallagher, of that regiment. He is the bravest man he ever saw in action. Stierhein performed such prodigies of valor during the attack of his regi ment November 3. 191S. on Hill No. 378. north of Verdun, that Gen. Pershing not only saved him from a death sen tence for desertion but directed that "the entire sentence be remitted and that he be restored to duty and assign ed to noncombat service." Stierhein was one of the conscien tious objectors who were sent to France against their will but even there could not be forced to fight. Stierhein's gen eral objection was that he would rather obey God Almighty Hian any mortal and stood pat on the Ten Command ments. He frankly told the officers that he proposed to desert the first chaneo he got and he made good. He desc" : September 14 and went South witl> > idea of getting into Spain. He a arrested, however, by a GIVE RAILROADS ONE YEAR MORE Commissioner Clark Says Short Term Will Suffice for Information. Plans of Director General McAdoo to turn the railroads back to private ownership at once if the five-year ex tension of government operation is not granted to Congress, may be blocked by Congressional action, ac cording to Senator Cummins, who says that action definitely fixing the date at which the government will re linquish them will be taken hy Con gress. Senator Cummins* statement was made in the course of questioning Interstate Commerce Commissioner Edsrar E. Clark before the Fenate In terstate Commerce Committee, con sidering the railroad problem. Com missioner Clark had said that he thought another y*ar of government operation would demonstrate every thing necessary for Congress to know before acting on a railroad program. He didn't think the five-year exten sion of Director McAdoo would add anything. ConftrrM Should Determine. "The date should be fixed far enough in advance," said Mr. Clark, "to permit Uie roads to prepare for the changed conditions. I think Congress ought to withdraw from the President the power to turn back the roads on an hour's notice, and Congress itself ought to determine French soldier and was brought back to headquarters and tried, convicted and sentenced to be shot. He admitted everything at his trial including that he would cheerfully obey the military order that he be shot. Stierhein, however, got the unusual chance of getting into a fight. He was. of course, with his command, jbut as a prisoner, when the battle began on the night of November 3. He was taken into the fight invol untarily but when he saw the Amer icans being wounded he volunteered for service. Lieut. Gallegh?r says: j "He (Stierhein) was taken to the I front as a prisoner and volunteered to go out at night to rescuc the wounded. He rescued six men while ( under machine gun fire. One wound ed man was behind a tree from j which he could not retire. Stierhein j went over and brought him in. I I have never seen such bravery and feel that a man of this caliber de serves some consideration." Gen. Joseph Kuhn. Capt. Butler j and other officers of the Seventy I ninth Division, h^d th#? case taken | to Gen. Pershing with the result I stated. Gen. Kuhn was the commanding 1 officer of the division. when they are to be turned ha^k." "I'll see that such a resolution is in troduced.' said Senator Cummins later. "It may be difficult to put into ef fect." commented Senator Mcl>ean of Connecticut, "if the President were to j veto it." j Commissioner Clark was even more definite in his statement of the op position of the majoiity members i of the Interstate Commerce Com I mission to government nwnorshin i today than he was yesterda>. "Private operation is more -f i fective.*' he said. "There is a larger incentive for saving, and a more re ceptive welcome of new method* i and appliances. Then the political I Influence which backs the demands of one locality for favors against j another is le*s effective.' Film Fire Takes 10 Lives; 5 Others Hurt, 3 Critically Pittsburgh. Pa_. Jan. 8.? Investi gators probing for causes of the film fire and explosions that claimed ten lives could find nothing today to indicate definitely in which part of the seven-story Penn avenue struc | ture the blaze started. Three of the fifteen injured in hospitals were reported in a critical , condition. Nashville, Tenn.. Jan. 8.?Tennessee became the twentieth state in the Union to ratify the Federal prohibi tion amendment when the Senate late today passed It by a vote of twenty ' eight or two. | The house had prevloualy adopted it, eighty-eight ip six. Federal Ratified by Tennessee 'TEDDY' BURIED; SOLONS' TEARS MOISTEN GRAVE Guard of Honor Stands Watch at Mound All Through Night NO MUSIC AT FUNERAL Not Even Customary Hymns Are Sung; Entire Church Moved to Tears. Oyster Bay. N y . Jan ?-Theo dore Roosevelt sleeps tonight In a little country cemetery. Standing guard at his grave through the still watches of the night are Ueut. C. P. Reynold*, of East Norwich, a neigh borinK village, and Ave of Ba\'s prominent men. all ?rder:t a? mirere. and personal friend* of the Colonel. It la a voluntary guard of honor, charge of which was assumed by Lieut. Reynold a. recently honorably discharged from the American army. Two Lour* on nnd four hour* off. In military fashion, the men aie Mann ing at attention while at their feet alee pa one of the great men of all ages. "Theodore, may the l>ord bless you and keep you. may the I,ord lift up Hl? countenance upon vou and give you peace." V* rfp I nafthnmed These impress! ve word*, spoken solemnly in benediction at the little church where the funeral trmc was held, brought tears to the eyes of many persons who made no effort to conceal them. T-ars coursed down th< cheeks of Bishop Fred erick E. Burgess. who eat near the ^v- t>r- George K. Talnngt-, rector of Chriat Episcopal Church, but took no part in the service. Tears glist ened upon the cheeks of former President William Howard Taft and of Vice President Marshall and of Tocle Joe" Cannon, and tn-iny others of the 3T.0 persons in the lit tle edifice where the Roosevelt fam ily has worshipped for years The service ?f furitaa sim plicity. Indeed it surpassed Puri tanism in simplicity, for Ihe organ was hushed, and no hymns u ere sung Col. Roosevelt's favorite hymn 'Hew Firm a Foundation. Ye Saints of the Ix>rd. Is Found in the Book of His Excellent Word was read by ^r* Talmace. But nothing in the impresaive simplicity of the servica wta^rh the <*o!m*1 himnelf was re ported to have outlined months ag ? to his wife, equalled the solemnity and UnpresslvencK* of the henedt. - tion. couched as it was in its un usual personal phraseology. tie*. Karri, and Taft Lstf. Gen. March. Chief of Staff, nnd For mer President Taft came late and had much I rouble getting into tlx- churcli owing lo Ihe crowd which Jammed the entrineea. As the cortege cmn;r down the road toward the chapel, the cro*d uncox er ed and stood reverently. A iitt!?? knoll opposite The nate was black with peo Pie. They clustered about the door Mounted police surrounded the h*-ars< I This escort swung inlo line opposite the jiolice when the procession halted then brought their batons to attention as the casket was carried in The coffin was wrapped In a I'mted States flag The fl,c ?f t|?. Vo,_ unleer I'nited States Cavalry, the Rough Riders was also draped upon it On top of the coffin was a sma'l wreath Just as the body was home in th? sun came out for the first time toda*. glinting on the snow that covered everything. Tease Moment at ( bireh. There was a silence broke onlv he the shuffllnc of the undertaker s "pro fessional pall bearers. The most tense moment seem.nl to be when the mor |ta! remains of Col. Roosevelt were .earned slowly up the aisle, while I>, Talmaue impressively utt-red the first sentences of the Episcopal funeral ritual. The services in the chur.-h lasted J'Jst .iKhteen minuter The highwav from Christ Church to the cemetery was lined with automohil..-. old-fash ioned country wagons and bv people who had come from New York and the small towns of i^,ng Island As the cortege started for the gragrvard the church bell tolled, and the moan ' *. of " hor'< "n I-one Island . a<Kled a melancholy note. ! The crowd became denser nearer lo i the cemetery. All point, of vantage .from which a View of the grave could ,J?e Ohtainod mere thronged When the hearse reached the cemetery the jOnly floral tribute at the grave was a single orchid which some paaserhv ( had thrust into the mound of new. 1 o?*"" ?''4r,h r"1 beside Col. iRooscvAt. last resting place. *lr?. Rno?nrlr \?f There. i .Mr" R???evclt felt unequal to th? strain of attending tjie church serv ice and th. committal rsrfunv at the grave. She viewed her tills bands face for the Ust time after the pr.vate services Sagamore IT*i1 en remained alone with her rrtaf as the Cortege passed from view The great and the humbh ruhhe.i elbows, sharing a common gri.f. at the three brief services. The Vice President ..f the I'nited State. , former President. I'nited Stat-s senators and Rcpreaet.tat.vea gov ?err nr. of States-^i, were on the I same footing with the negro serv ant. and oth< r retainers of the Koosevelt lamily. ! H.,hr *r,v? *h*n Senator Henr* (abot Ijodge knelt and fazed lon^ at the severely plain oak. n cask t bearing the mortal remain, of his great friend, hi. last fallim. tea. a j minded with thoae of jan.es Amos tol. Roosevelt's colored servant hx-Presldent Taft and MaJ Oen Leonard Wood. who was colonel of | the Rough Riders in the Spanish w ar when Theodore Koosevelt was . lieutenant colonel, wept openly. I'n ( ashamed. "I'ncle Joe" Cannon and Russell J. Cole, who was Col. Room. velt s companion on numerous Osh ,ntf trlpa. allowed their tears to speak their emotion. A craceful tribute was paid by Oyater Bay's school < hildren wbo strewed flowers before the cortege'a* It approached the little church on the Ihlll and as it wended Its slow way to the cemetery. No plumed knight n# Con TIM LD on TAGC FOCE.