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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, January 14, 1919, Image 1

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THE WEATHER:
The ?Mth>r today?Fair and
warmer. Tomorrow?Partly cloudy
and somewhat colder.
Highest temperature yesterday.
44; lo*Mt. 18.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
NO. 4463
WASHINGTON, D. CM TUESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1919.
ONE CENT
S100.000.000
RELIEF BUDGET
PASSES HOUSE
Food Bill, Approved by
243 to 73 Vote, Now
Goes to Senate.
CANNON SWINGS TIDE
Entire Day Consumed in
Close Approach to Strict
ly Partisan Debate.
Tne House lut night passed the
Administration bill appropriating $100,
000.000 for the relief of the starring
peoples of Europe. The vote was 242
for and seventy-three against. The
bill now goes to the Senate.
The vote on the bill was not taken
until after 7:30 o'alock. Virtually the
entire day was consumed in the clos
est approach to a strictly partisan de
bate since party lines were eliminated
consideration of war measures.
Th*? advantage was seen to "toe with
the Democrats from the beginning,
v nen I'ncle Joe" Cannon, former
RepuDlican Speaker, declared for the
bill. Forty minutes of the time al
lotted to the advocates of the bill was
yielded to Mr. Cannon, and through
this arrangement six additional Re
publicans spoke for the measure. Re-j
publican Leader Mann also was
known to be in favor of the bill. He |
advocated its passage during debate
- on amendments.
Thirty-ear Speeches.
Thirty-one speeches were made
during the consideration of the spe
cial rule brought in by the Rules
Committee for immediate considera
tion of the bill and on the bill it
self. Sixteen favored and fifteen op
posed the bill. Nine Republicans
altogether spoke for the bill, and
only two Democrats against.
During the debate Representative
Sherley, Democrat, of Kentucky,
chairman of the Appropriations
Committee and author of the bill,
read a second cablegram received
front President Wilson urging the
appropriation. The President said
the proposed relief was urgently
needed as the best means of stop
ping the westward spread of Bol
shevism. The text of the cablegram
follows:
"I cannot too earnestly or solemn
ly urge upon the Congress the ap
propriation for which Mr. Hoover
has asked for the administration of
feod relief. Food relief is now the
?Jtf* to the whole European situa
tion and to the solution of peace.
Bolshevism is steadily advancing
westward, is poisoning Germany. It
i anaot be ?topped by tprce, but it
can be stopped by food, and fell the
leaders with whom I am in confer
ence agree that concerted action in
this matter is of immediate and
vital importance. The money will
not be spent for food for Germany
itself, because Germany can buy Its
food, but it will be spent for financ
ing the movement of food to pur
I real friends in Poland and to the
people in the liberated units of the
Austrian-Hungarian empire, and to
our associates in the Balkans.
Aska dslrk Action.
"I beg that you will present this
n?attei with all possible urgency and
force to the Congress. I do not see
how we can find definite powers with
whom to conclude peace unless this
means of stemming the tide of an
archism be employed."
A similar message from Henry
White. Republican member of the
American peace delegation, to Senator
I^odge. also was read by Mr. Sherley.
The necessity of^stopplng the spread
of Bolshevism through the means
provided in the proposed legislation
was the keynote of the Democrats'
argument for the passage of the bill.
The Republicans decried a lack of
information a* to the plans for ex
pending the $10,000,000 and charged that
the allies had not definitely agreed
upon any plan for proportionate co
operation. It was also urged by the
opposition that relief of the famine
and distress in Europe should be left
to the Red Cross.
An amendment placing the expendi
ture Of the fund in the control of the
Red Cross wa? ofTered by Representa
tive Wood. Republican, of Indiana,
and had the support of Republican
leader Mann. It was defeated by a
decided majority.
The life of millions of persons will
depend upon this relief, it was de
clared by the Democrats, who stated
that even wtyi this legislation more
millions must die from starvation
in the interior of Russia this winter.
In Ihe face of this condition, the Re
publicans were charged with playing
politics an4 attempting to discredit
the President at the peace tabfe. This
wa^ vigorously denied by the Republi- I
can speakers.
INTERNED MILLIONAIRE
WINS FREEDOM FIGHT
Court Declares Chas. F. Banning
to Be an American Citizen.
Atlanta. Ga>, Jan. 13.?Charles F.
Banning. Pittsburgh millionaire, re
cently interned as an alien enemy.
**on his fight for freedom here today
in United States Judge Newman's
court. a.
Tha-^ourt's decision was that Ban
ning now is an American citiseti. was
a cittxen at the time of his internment,
and therefore is entitled to his dis
charge. '
Government attorneys announced an
appeal wilj be made to the Federal
Circuit Court of Appeals or to the
Tnited States Supreme Court. Banning
stated he would Immediately give a
110.000 bond pending this appeal and
return to Pittsburgh.
Polish Units in France
To Be Sent to Poland
I'sriji. Jan. 13.?The Inter-allied
council has decided to send to Poland
at once the two Polish divisions In
France, to be followed later by a
third division and then by an inter
allied division, the Petit Parislen
declared today. This newspaper
-tated also that officers were to be
recruited immediaiely for three new
Polish division*. <These troops, it
i* assumed, will be used to preserve
I nland from encroachments.)
Kill Kaiser,
Take Money,
Says Myers
?i??
Senator Declares William
Hohenzollern Should Be
Executed as Common
Criminal Without Trial.
I The question of what abould be done
with the Kaiser Is the first thing that
ought to be settled by the Peace Con
ference. ?aid Senator Myers In a
speech on the league of nations pro
posal In the Senate yesterday.
I think he ought to be executed,"
he continued "He has forfeited his
right to live. He is an uncommon
criminal, but he ought to be executed
as though he were common one and
without trial. He waged war in a way
that violated every principle of inter
national law."
Senator Myers declared that Ger
many should be compelled to sur
render the Kaiser, and If it refused
the armies of the associated govern
ments should hunt him down.
Confiscation of the Kaiser's fortune,
estimated at KSO.OCO.OOO, and life im
prisonment for Von Bernstorff, Von
Papen, Von Rintelen and other mov
lnS spirits In the war were also rec
ommended by the Senator. Referring
to the Kaiser's operations in this
country. Senator Myers characterised
him as "a burglar who tried to climb
through the back door of the United
States and corrupt and debase our
government with the most dastardly
machinations that have ever been
known in this country or any other ??
In the matter of the league of na
tions. Senator Myers said he favored
the formation of such a league under
certain conditional but that it should
be formed after peace with Germany
had been completed, and that Ger
many should not be permitted to be
long to it.
I Senator Sterling, of South Dakota
also addressed the Senate on the
league of nations plan, taking the po
sition that the difficulties in the way
[ of forming such a league are insur
mountable at this time.
D. C7B0YCITED
for bravery:
;
Marshall Petain Lauds
Frank Hardie for "Cour- !
age Above All Praise."
Frank Hardie, popular Washington
boy and a former student of "Tech'"
High Scvhool, has been cited for brav
ery In octlon. His citation is signed
by Marshal 1 'etaln, ommander-in
chjef ?? the flrst Krench army.
First news of ftardle'&^hravery was
received yesterday by L S. Hart. 1?3
Calvert street northwest, one of his
comrades at the Washington Gas
Light Company, where Frank worked
before he left for the front late in
1917.
Hardie's citation came after h? suc
cessful actions in a "volunteer eng
gagement." The citation follows:
"He has been proven to possess a
courage above all praise. In the first
hours of the attack, the 15th, l?th
and 17th of July, 1918. he went to the
most advanced position to render ser
vice to the wounded, while only a few
yards from the enemy, under a ter
rific bombardment. During three days
and three nights, with the ways and
roads continually under the enemy's
fire, he gave a wonderful example of
devotion which provoked the admira
tion of all."
Hardie left Washington with the
local ambulance corps which was or
ganized under the supervision of Dr.
Devereaux. He has been in France
more than a year. His address in
Washington was 1921 North Capitol
street.
As a member of the Mohawk Foot
ball Club Hardie made a reputation
for himself here In athletics. His
brather, John F. Hardie. is also in
! France.
In a letter to Mr. Hart, in which he
tells about the citation, he proudly
calls attention to the fact that he has
now made a flrst-closs mechanicship.
DEMANDS YANKS
IN RUSSIA QUIT
? ^
Senator Johnson Calls for
Immediate Definition of
America's Policy.
A resolution calling: upon the
Senate to express itself in favor
of the immediate return of the
American soldiers in Russia was in
troduced yesterday by Senator
Johnson, of California. He frave
notice that later in the week he will
call up the resolution and speak
on it
He does not intend to have this
resolution meet the same fate as I
his other resolution introduced
nearly a month ago. in which the '
State Department was asked to de- |
Hit* the policy of the United States
with respect to Russia and the
reasons for keeping American
troops in that country. He com
plained that this resolution had
been "bottled up in the Foreign
Relations Committee.
So in order to obtain action upon
tne resolution introduced yesterday
Senator Johnson asked to have It lie
upon the table and not -go to any
When he ca,U * UD ho
Intends to demand a vote upon it, and
revived ^t00fLthat he has
S^i^L I of a number of
senators to support it.
fa"umbt'r of Paragraphs
article written by Lord
refusal of ,^nat*r J?hn8on Mld the
of the administration to an
res^u/lon'^V0,"3 in his earlier
resolution plainly Indicated that the
government has no po,lcy
force" "elth?r intervening in
WfH consequence, nor are
*?.- s out of Russia." he said
intert^rtnT^ lnT,tin* disaster and
kncwinj^fv. "nd ,h" without
T jnd "> matters, too.
which we have no concern."
FRENCH PRESS
BEGINS ATTACK
ON PRESIDENT
Express Doubt of Fall
. American Support in .
League Plan.
I *
CRITICIZE U. S. ENVOYS
?
Add Prefix "von" to Gen.
Bliss; Recall White's
German Relative.
Paris, Jan. 13 (by Wireless via
London).?The first full session of
the peace conference will be held
next Saturday at 2:30 in the after
noon, at the French Foreign Office.
This was agreed upon at the sec
j ond meeting today of the Supreme
War Council, Japan was rep
resented for the first tinu^ the
' other powers whose delegates were
present being the United States,
! Great Britain. I*Vance and Italy.
It was officially announced after
the conference that an agreement
was reached as to the terms on
which the armistice will be re
newed on January 17. These terms
included naval and financial clauses,
conditions of supply and provisions
for the restitution of machinery
stolen from France and Belgium by
the Germans.
The conference also continued
the discussion of the procedure of
j the peace conference.
The next meeting of the Supreme
War Council will take place
Wednesday morning at 10130
o'clock. ?
What They IHd.
These were the issues discussed at
yesterday's and today's conference*
at the Quai de Orsay:
1?The conferees examined the new
conditions to be imposed upon Ger
many and which will be inserted in
the armistice agreement as pre-condi
tional for'a renewal.
2?'They settled the matter of rein
forcing the Poles.
3?They canvaased the list of Ger
man mercahntmen which the allies
can and should use to the best ad
vantage.
4?They discussed the occupation of
German ports as guarantee for the
carrying out of the armistice clause.*
and a? punishment for previous de- j
lays.
5?They took up the question of thej
German gold reserve.
??They discussed at leangth the
problem of revictualling.
Maat Extend Amhtlre.
So pressing are the questions, such j
as the Russian problem, which must [
be settled before the aetual Peace
Conference fc?ts to work that the ar- i
mlstice which expires Januanrv 17, will!
have to be extended.
President Wilson and premiers Clem-'
enceau and Lloyd George are working j
hard to get the preliminaries settled!
so that the council can get down to |
the actual peace conferences, but civil
war in Russia and Germany is still j
retarding world peace. It is certainJ
that no peace can be signed now be- t
fore the armistice expires, and a re-!
newal will probably be decided on im- j
mediately.
These matters constituted the sole
topic of discussion at the inter-allled j
council session today, together with a i
discussion as to representation in the
league of nations.
It is known to be the American
plan that all matters should be dis
cussed until an unanimous decision
can he reached, and the subjects can
so finally be disposed of.
If a vote plan with majority rule
is adopted. America may be out
CO STINTED ON PAGE TWO.
TRAINMEN 0. K,
U. S. OWNERSHIP
.
Vote Will Be Practically!
Unanimous, Says Presi
dent J. F. Anderson.
Railroad workers of the country are j
polling a practically unanimous vote
for government ownership and opera
tion of the lines on which they work.
A referendum of the workers in in
ternational unions, affiliated with the
railroad department of the American
Feederation of Labor, is now being
taken on this question. Final results
will not be known until about ttt^ mid
dle of Febrtaafy.
"The sentiment of the railway work
ers is overwhelmingly in favor of gov- ;
ernment ownership and operation,"
said J. F1. Anderson, vice president of j
the International Association of Ma
chinists, 75,000 of whose members work
in railroad shops. There are 600,000
union men in the railway employes'
department of the federation.
"Possibly the machinists will poll i
a more nearly ananimous vote for!
government ownership than the
other affiliated internationals be
cause public ownership of public
utilities is a part of our platform.
But all the unions will show a I
strong majority for It."
Hundred*; of cards are being re
ceived at the headquarters of the
machinists' union protesting against
the return of the railroads to pri
vate ownership. The cards were
originally gotten out by thfc Liberty
Bell Lodge No. 1063, of the machin
ists' union of the Pennsylvania sys
tem at Jersey City, N. J.
Princes* Pat to Wed Feb. 27.
London, Jan. 13.?The wedding of,
Princess Patricia and Commander
Ramsay, of the British navy, will be
In Westminster Abbey February 27, It
was officially announced today.
Eaoufb Food for Month.
London, Jan. 1.?"The entente has
given us enough food to supply Vi-,
rnna and the rest of German-As
tria until January 15." declared an
official dispatch received from Vi
enna today.
We reprint below extracts from a letter received from one of our
readers following the publication of "Our City" editorials:
Editor The Washington Herald.
I have followed with considerable interest the articles writ
ten under the title "Our City" during the past few days. I feel
that it may be of interest to you to know how the situation looks
to one of those who camc here for war work, and has been able
to make comparisons between this city and others both during
and previous to the war. I am not writing in a critical or antag
onistic mood, my object being only to let you see the situation
through my eyes, which I believe is the same viewpoint the great
majority of temporary residents have taken.
"Something is wrong m Washington," is well said. My be
lief is that it is the hearts of the people of Washington.
Much has been said, written and .threatened against war
profiteering in Washington. I personally know of a young woman
who had to pay $5.00 per week for a cot in a room with three
other occupants. I expressed my disgust over this situation to
another lady who informed me that in the same house where she
was rooming there were four girls in one room paying $25.00
per month. Both of these cases were in ordinary "passe grande"
homes, and in ordinary times the rooms would bring from $15.00
to $20.00 per month in New York, Pittsburgh or Cleveland. 1
cannot say as to Washington in peace times. Every Washing
tonian to whom I have mentioned such cases has replied: "Well,
you must not judge Washington by what a few unprincipled
people do, there are good and bad in every community." To this
I readily agree, but the point I make is that if the City of Wash
ington had as much civic pride as could be mustered in any village
of 200, the good people of Washington would have rid their city
of that brand of pirate and made it unnecessary for the rest of
the country to now look with a feeling of scathing contempt
upon everything and everybody connected with the city. We
should not seek the mote in the other man's eye until we have
removed the beam from our own. ? ? ?
This expression from a temporary resident is most interesting
and is the kind of comment^ which we expected when we launched
the series. *
Unconsciously perhaps, the writer touches the very heart of
things when he says: "?but the point 1 make it that if the City of
Washington had as much civic pride as could be mustered in any
village of 200, the good people of Washington would have rid their
city of that brand of pirate and made it unnecessary for the rest of
the country to now look with a feeling of scathing contempt upon
everything and everybody connected with the city."
That is just the point that we are trying to make, that we are
not aHowcd to have the civic pride of a country village of 200 people,
because we are not allowed to participate in our own affairs. Give
us the same rights as- that country village and *atch.
That feeling of scathing contempt should be turned upon those
who come from those villages. It is through their representatives
that any such contemptible condition exists in Washington.
Warfare Continues in Many
Lands as Peacemakers Meet
Battles No Less Fierce Than
Between Germany and
Allies Now Being Wage$)
in Europe; Labor Unrest
Brings Armed Conflict.
'Special Cable U> T^e Washington Herald*.
Paris. Jan. 13.?The end of warfare
seems further from sight than when
the armistice was called.
Battles no less fierce than between
German and allied forces are being
waged in Europe.
War threatens to grow out of th?
application of "s^f-determination."
Labor unrest brings armed conflict
where before there was peace.
Forces of the Ebert provisional gov
ernment and armed Spartacans in
Germany, struggle for control of the
country before the holding of elections
for a constituent assembly. This
warfare may rival the civil strife in
Russia.
n*d? Kee* lp Fight.
Bolshevik! continue their efforts, by
force of arms, to establish their gov
ernment in Russia and to spread
their system throughout the world.
They are opposed by Russian forces,
by the army of the new Ukrainian
republic, the Polish army, -the Czechs,
and, on three sides, Japanese. Eng
lish and American forces sent into
Russia to protect allied supply bases
established before Russia's collapse,
are helping to hold them in check.
Poland still struggles with Germany
in Posen and with Ukrainia in Galicia,
In an effort to extend the boundaries
of the Polish state.
Rumanian forces in Transylvania
have been setting up a Rumanian
government, in opposition to Hungary,
and the quiet of the moment may be
broken at any instant.
Turks are showing unwillingness to
carry out armistice terms, and the
READYTOFLY
ACROSS OCEAN
Big Program of Aerial De
velopment Announced
By British.
London, Jan/ 13 (via British Wireless
Service).?"The Atlantic could have
been crossed by aeroplane three
months ago." said Sir H. Brancker,
master general of personnel in the air
ministry, in the course of an inter
view in the Dally Express today.
A large program of aerial craft de
velopment by the British government
is announced today by the London
newspapers, and airship builders are
quoted as declaring that regular air
ship mail service to America during
the summer of next year is ?certaln.
The contemplated initial flight across
the Atlantic probably will be accom
plished In May. according^ to Gen.
Brancker. who is resigning from the
air ministry in order to devote him
self to commercial aviation.
"This flight," he added, "is perfectly
possible, even at the present moment.
The enterprise could be carried out by
one of three or four types of aero
planes which are in every-day use.
These machines were available hist
autumn, but it teas not been practi
cable to devote the necessary time
and attention to their development."
Original Food Chewer Dead.
Copenhagen, Jan. 13.?Horace Fletoh
jer. the famous diet expert, died here
1 today at the age of 70.
Now at War.
Hwaiu Baliihfvikl ??. P?laa4.
lkr?Uia, aH-Bualan farcrs m4
PreHM KritMk, Averkak.
>?< Ciffio-SUrak tratpm
(?rraan provlnfoaal farrra. na- j
drr Ekert, t?. ?part>e?aa, aadfr 1
Llcbkaerkt.
Poland Vm. Ikralala.
Poland ??. Grnaaay.
Anratlaf tr?pm vm. Striker*.
MontrnfKrn v*. other Jngo
Slavs.
Threats of War.
Italy vs. Jugo-SIivia.
Grwe ?*. Italy.
Turk* v*. allies.
Hunjrary v?. Human in
Abyanlaia v?. Rfiolu t ion i?t?.
p
allies have threatened the destruction !
of the Dardanelles forts unless the j
Turks lay down their arms at Medina. !
Taalat Pasha. Enver Pasha and :
Djemal Pasha, are in the Caucasus. ]
whence they fled when Turkey sur- j
rendered, and are believed tovbe plan
| ning a nw concentration of Turkish |
forces.
Jugo-Slavia and Italian interests !
have not been adjusted, and threats i
; of war on both sides still stand.
Greek leaders are voicing: opposition
to any plan to carry dut the terms of j
! the secret treaty of 1915. by which'
Italy was to have Greek islands, part
? of Epirus and influence in Asia Minor j
They declare Greece will fight for her !
rights.
Montenegro was included in the
plans for a great Jugo-^av nation,
but the Montenegrins now are report- !
ed to have rebelled against the new
order and ejected the agents of the
kingdom of the Serbs. Croats and Slo- j
venes from the country, which may be ;
the opening of another armed conflict I
if an attempt is made to put King!
I Nicholas back on the throne. )
ARMISTICE PLAN
WITHOUT HITCH
No Arrangements Altered
by Refusal of U. S. to
Aid Poland.
I The refusal of the United States
to join in the reported plan of
Marshal Focfc to no change th.
armistice plana that Polish troop?,
aided by an allied force, shall bp
given authority to occupy sections
of Prussia dominating Danzig. will
not hinder the adjustment of the
armistice terras, according to offi
cials here.
It is generally accepted here that
the French plan for giving the
Polish authorities greater powers
In preventing a union of the Bol
shevist and German factions called
ror the use of a Fmall American
force to be used 1n policing sec
tions of Prussia where ill feeling
has developed between the Polish
troops and the Germans, the latter
being a strong minority in some
sections. It Is stated In offlcial
circles that while the French plan
is logical, in view of the recent
lighting In Posen. the United States
is unwilling to be drawn into the
smaller questions which await set
tlement at the Peace Conference.
The opinion In general tTiat the
armistice terms can be satisfactor
ily readjusted without involving an
agreement hv which United States
troop.- will be heM for an uncertain
period In Pruuiao territory.
I
Dominant Issue of Next
Presidential Campaign,
He Declares.
ONLY FINAL SOLUTION
L C. C. Commissioner Fa
vors McAdoo's Five-Year
Extension Plan.
The right of Mr. and Mr*. Common j
People and all the little Common peo
ples to have their Interests considered |
as paramount In the solution of the I
railroad problem was presented yes
terday to the Senate Interstate Com
merce Committee by Interstate Com
merce Commissioner Robert Woolley
"Only the Interest* of the railroads I
on one hand and of the shippers on j
the other have been really presented
here." he told the committee. "But
the public is entitled to full oppor
tunity to know all about this railroad
situation, and to make up Its mind
what it wants to do, and to do it.
"1 favor the former Director Gen
eral's recommendation for a five-year
extension. If this is accepted there
ia no doubt but that in the next presi
dential election, or at least in the one
following, government ownership or I
some final solution of the railroad
problem will be the dominant iasue.
l? te the Paklle.
"If Federal control Is a success the
people will want Feder*l control or
government ownership. They are en
titled to say what they want I
don't believe they're ready for gov-1
ernment ownership now; and I don't
j mean to say government ownership is |
aure to follow Federal control, but the
J people should have the opportunity to I
| decide.
| "We've had private operation with
out restrictions in this country, and !
under it all the vicious improprieties I
or rebates, corruption of legislatures
land the other notorious evils of our ;
fftilway system of twenty-five years
; *rew up. Then we tried Federal
supervision, more or less stringent, i
but when the demand of the war,
crisis came, private ownership even I
I under supervision broke down, and to 1
| meet the needs of the emergency, it j
was necessary for the government' to
( take over and unify the line*
Commissioner Wool ley quoted from
decisions of the Interstate Commerce
Commission and speeches and texts of I
rate-making authorities, showing that
bic clHes had secured favors at the
hands of the rate-making powers to
the injury of smaller competitors.
It should be borne in mind." raid
Mr. Wooley,. that only the con
?umer is Interested primarily >D -M
reasonableness of a rate; that tV
shipper s chief interest Is In main
taining the proper relationship of
his rates to those of his competi- !
tor*, because he passes along the j
cost to the consumer; and that the
carriers Interest under private
ownership ia in collecting all that
the traffic will bear
Has I'revea iKpranleal.
"Under any scheme of rate-mak
ing that approaches the scientific
cost of operation, which includes all
fixed charges, except depreciation, is /
the prime fact to be ascertained I
but under private ownership the
finding of such cost, not to mention
properly subdividing and apportion
ing It to the services rendered, has
proven to be practically impossible.
With all of the carriers, includ- !
| ing those now privately operated
I under Federal control for a period
CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO.
SOVIETS NABBED
IN BUENOS AIRES
I
i Organization Well Supplied
with Money, Arms and
Ammunition.
I Buenos Aires. Jan. 13.?Police de
clared today they had discovered
a soviet organization in Bueno?
Aires, and arrested its president.
hi3 minister of war. and minister of
I police for this city, and two other
I officials, all ol whom are Bussians.
The names of the heads of the
, Bolshevik movement. announced
bv the police today, are
Pedro Wald. president of the !
'Bepubllc of Soviets of Argentina.' I
Sergio Surlos. minister of state.
Marcar Ziexin. minister of war. 1
Juan Selistuk. minister of policc. i
Had Plenty of Monrj,
j Wald is 30 years old. All were
plentifully supplied with money, and
| are said to have admitted to the po
i Hce that they have large caches of
j arms and ammunition. The police are
seaching for these.
Bicyclists, the police asserted, have
been arrested as bomb plotters. These
'men, it was said, carried hand pump?
J filled with dynamite.
| Members of the soviet, it was said,
came to South America from Bussia in
October and November. They *ere sent'
they said, by Bolsheviki in Bussia to
'foment Bolshevik uprisings in the im
portant South American capitals.
Tramway service here came to a
halt when a groyp of suspected an
archists stopoed a guarded car. kid-;
napping ;he inotorman and conductor.
Reports haVe been received that work
ers in Central Argentina and a por
tion of the Buenos Aires tramway
workers voted to strike. Their de
mands have not been announced.
Port strikers here demanded a 30
per cent increase in pay. IJghtermen
wanted any overtime considered a
full day's work. Other union work-1
ers, it was aaserted. had been asked
to Join in a resumption of the strike.
Pernio* for Mr*. Roosevelt. |
Bills to grant a pension of $5,000 a
year to Mrs. Edith Carow Roosevelt,
widow of Col. Roosevelt, and to
grant her the free use of the mails
were introduced in the Senate yes
terday by Senator Smoot, of UUkh.
?
Flu Killed
Hundreds on !
Transports
127 Yanks Die on One Trip
of Leviathan and 92 on !
President Grant; Neces
sary to Bury 50 at Sea.
New York. aJn 1*.?Influenza
took a toll of the liven of hundred*
of American soldiers bound over
sea* aboard American transports
during the month of October, a*
cordinK to a report issued at the
port of embarkation today. The
deaths on the LeviaChian during the
one trip she made across in that
month totalled 127 and the Presi
dent Grant reported ninety-two.
The deaths were no numerous on
these two vessels that it was found
necessary to bury about fifty of the
soldiers at sea. The policy had
been to embalm the bodies of those
who died while crossing the At
lantic and return their remaina to
the United States, but the embalm
ing fluid aboard the L?eviathian
and President Grant mas exhausted
and the sea burials were made
necessary.
TWO FLIERS PLUNGE
5,000 FEET TO DEATH
Jwo Others Hurt, One Fatally,
Also Doing "Tail Spin."
Kort Worth. Teiu. Jan. 11.?Two
fliers were killed, one fatally hurt
and a fourth slightly hurt in two ac
cidents at Caruthern Field here today.
Lieut. John E. Gar but. Sheridan, j
Wyo.. and Mechanic R. L.. Quinn. .
Pittsburgh, feil 5.000 feet in a "tail I
spin" and were killed.
Two minutes later, Cadet Instructor
Francis X. Bostick. Amity. Ala., and j
Mechanic Ralph McElwain. Oakville. >
111.. also crashed in a tail spin. Mc- j
Elwain was probably fatally injured,
but Bostick was only slightly hurt. |
KILLED SPOUSE I
TO SAVE CHILD |
1
Wife ' Declares Lebuadv
Planned Attack on I 3
year-old Daughter.
Weatbury. N. T.. Jan 12.?Jacques
Lebaudy "the Emperor of Sahara."
wan slain Saturday night by his silo
because his v^k to "The 'l^odge" fof
^?wed a threjff made fro*** Xe?
over the telephone that im> ?a? com
ing to carry out a threat asainst their
beautiful 13-year-old daughter. Jacque
line. according to disclosure* i#gard
iny the shooting mad** today by Mrs
Lebaudy to her attorney, Harry W.
Moore.
Mme. I^ebaudy also declared the
"Emperor' had threatened to kill her
at the Saturday meeting in her home.
He would have earned out both
threats, she said, but that *he proved
quicker on the draw than he.
With the possible Intention of draw
ing the fire of the prosecution. Mrs. J
Ijcbaudy forestalled revelation of the
fact that she had never been legally
married to Lebaudy by frankly ad>
mitting it. Notwithstanding the lack
of religious ceremony, however, she
considered herself his wife, claiming
Lebandv had introduced far and
wide on their travels as his wife.
( barer "F?Uf and ('neL''
"As true as there is s God in heav- j
en.' said Mrs l>-t>aud\ passionate- I
If. "Lebaudy knew that Jacqueline
was his child, and the assertion now j
that he disclaimed being her father |
as false as it is cruel."
Then, hesitatingly at first, with in
creasingly dramatic eloquence as she
proceeded, she poured forth her story
of how Lebaudy disclosed to her an ?
unnatural passion for their own child, j
how she was driven close to frenzy
by the fear that he would carry out;
his threat* against the girl, and horn-,
when bolted do-?rs no longer appeared
sufficient to protect Jacqueline. ?hc j
had shot l^ebaudy to save her daugh
ter's honor and her own life.
GROOM PALMER j
AS GABINETEER
Democrats Pick Alien Prop
erty Custodian as Greg
ory's Successor.
Prominent l>emocratic politicians
yesterday stated that one of the
strongest possibilities in the selection
for a successor to Attorney General
Gregory, whose resignation was an- i
nounced yesterday, is A. Mitchell Pal-!
iner. alien property custodian, and one
of the men sharing major credit for
the success of the first Presidential
campaign of President Wilson.
It was stated authoritatively yester- ,
day tfiat Wilson has tnade no move
. toVard the selection of Mr. Gregory's
successor. There in slight possibility
that the successor will be named be
fore the President's return from
abroad. Samuel J. Graham. Assistant
Attorney General, in strongly support
ed in many quarters as a logical man
for the position. Reports sent from
here that Senator J. Hamilton I^ewis
and Counselor Polk, of the State De
partment. were In line for the posi
tion were abruptly denied by both
! Polk and I>?wis. The former will
leave the state Department within a
nbort time to resume the practice of
law. 3enator l>-wis said flatly that h<*
; is not a candidate for the place.
I Friendn of Palmer pointed out that
President Wilson offered him the post
of Secretary of War in 1913. Mr. Pal
I mer is a Quaker, and his relfgioun be
I liefs forced him to decline a position
I acceptance of which would be a tacit
agreement that mar i* neceaaary. llis
refusal of the position led to th?* ap
pointment of Secretary Garrison, who
resigned because of his views on the
nature of the administration's pre
pared nets plans.
LULL IN FIGHTING
IN HUN CAPITAL;
REDS RETREAT
400 Killed and 1,006
Wounded in Battle in
Jerusalem Street.
L1EBKNECHT PRISONER
Socialist Leader, Reported
Dead, Taken, with Asso
ciates in Stronghold.
Berlin. Jan. 12 ("Via l^oodon ani
wireless. delayed).?There ta much I?m
shooting Government troops have re
taken police headquarter* and other
smaller places. The Sparticans are
still holding the TageblaXt and Wolff
Bureau offices.
Government troop# are petroling the
atreeta. Martial la* ha*- been practi
cally established, though no govern
ment proclamation to that effect ha*
been iaaued.
The red* still hold two railway sta
tions. Now that the Spartican cour
ier revolution is "practically ended, the
Independent Socialist* are looked on
with suspicion by the majority bo
cialiats.
Llrkka^Hit Alive.
"Karl Eiebknecht. Karl Radek and
Police President Kichorn have trans
ferred their headquarter* from
central police station to the Roptnos
brewery, which i* located on a little
hill."
(This apparently dispose.- of the ru
mor circulated Saturday that Eieb
kneeht was killed in street fighting
Thursday. This report who received
through Copenhagen and in a Berlin
dispatch to the London Daily Neks.
A Copenhagen dispatch today said
government troop* had captured the
j Ho*tsow bravery, taking Uebknecht.
Ra<fc>k and Eichorn prisonecs.).
Government force* compelled 8par
i tacan defenders of the Vorwaerta
' Building to surrender today after fif
teen minutes' shell fire* The officer
who commanded the artillery told me
| that thirty dead insurgents were
| found in the interior. Among the 2W
prisoner*, he said, were some women
| There were also some Russian* The
I room* and yards were filled with
! ammunition. Chancellor Ebert, Phil
lip Scheid?-mann and Guetav Noak*
| addressed a large body of troops as
| semrled in front of the Kcichstag
! building today. The soldier* cheered
J and started away. acompaiiH by
1 two batteries of artillery. Half an
j hour later shooting wa> heard in eev
j eral part* of the city. At the Hour
j of cabling these encounters could not
j be ascertained.
TfMrsr? Ar?l?Urf.
A^ arni-tv^ was effected in th#
? r*** spapeg sec?mn the earlier pari of
;the day to enable business men in
i that section to arrange certain mat -
j lers. As a result thousands of moi -
. |>idl> curious gathered there, but
r Were dispersed by government troops.
In last night"* fighting the Reich -
| stag building was shelled by the Spar
jtacaas 1 saw a battle shortly before
? midnight, down one of the aid**
(?treet*. in which eleven persons wer?
killed. During the conflict, a soldie
; who had been wounded five times
carried an officer, who had been hli
| by a grenade from the war son<
j Later the corner where they had
? sought shelter was swept by a fusil
, lade of rifle Are and both were killed
i Fifty Spartacans were killed in a sir
gle attack on a barrier during the
j night.
j The Spartacans have obtained some
i anti-aircraft guns from one of the
arsenals and are using them in street
i fighting. Women are reported to be
! bringing concealed food, ammunition
and hand grenades to Spartacans de
fending barricades. Government offi
cial* would not comment on this re
port
Red ( res* Moves.
j Red Cross headquarters ha* been
j removed from the American Emhaasy
building.
? Report* last week said that twefife
persons were killed in the American
i Embassy as the result of stray shot*
1 entering the building during fighting in
; adjacent streets.)
Herr Haase. in an interview. 6e
j clared the elections for the national
I constituent assembly will begin ^?xt
! Sunday. He said the assembly would
j surely be held, though the place.of
I meeting had not yet been decided
j He said there would be 4flC delegatse.
| and he was certain that the Majority
! Socialists would hsve to join hands
| with the Independents.
"The national assembly. ? he said.
: "has never been endangered. The
, Spartacans never could have won.
j The question wa* as to whether
I a coalition government could be form
| ed. Only a minority of politician*
i favored the postponement of the as
sembly The sailors at Kiel and WU
helmshaven want a coalition.
Soviets to Role Kartorle*.
"If the present government had
failed, it would have been replaced by
a government constructed along the
l'nes of the first ??ouncll of six mem
bers.
"No matter who holds the power In
the national assembly. all factories
will be. controlled by the Soviets,
though the trade unions ail! con
tinue."
Herr Haare painted a gloomy pic
ture of the future of Germany, due
to famine and class strife arising
from It.
He said there was no danger of a
counter revolution by the reaction
aries at present, though the govsra*
ment's recent calling up of officer*
and students "dkj not help eliminating
this danger."
Republic of Luxemburg
Endures Only Six Hours
Eondon. Jan. 13.?Tin- "Republic
of Euxemborg" endured only six
hours, the Daily Express learaa
from its correspondent at Euxem
burg.
It appears that the Grand Ducheas
was promptly reatituted to the
throne. The exact situation In the
little buffer state is not known,
however, at this cabling. except
that it is not a republic.
K.*rorli ProTiti?>l Presidmt
l?crii<'. vis Pari*. Jan. 12.?Ceta'
Michael Karolyi ha* been tin mod pro
visional pivident of Hunger}. H*
also take* the portfolio of forolga
affairs.
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