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Tr*??y ? Fair; Tomorrow?Fatip Highest tenrftwatur* yS&T; lowest. M. mild temperatora. yesterday. THE NO. 4477 WASHINGTON, D, C., 3T0N HERALD I TUESDAY, JANUARY 28. 1919. ONE CENT " mm* KUrwkrrt Twn CraU. Freedom of Seas Discussed By "Big Five" at Peace Table;, Belgium an All Committees League of Nations to Finally Settle Maritime Question. Australia and China Pre sent Claims to Colonies Wrest from Germany. SERBIA ALSO GETS REPRESENTATION President Confers with Other American Dele gates, and Hnrley and Gompers Evidently on Labor Legislation. Pari*, Jam. :TZ.?Freedom of the seas, which has been more or leas lost tn the shsuffle of other business, was taken up for the first time today by the ~big five." * Discussion was private. Maritime laws were crone into, it is understood, *nd the deliberations gradually ap proached the Question, although the actual settlement will be left to the League of Nation#. This decision wan reached, it is said, because the representatives of the great powers are desirous that as i much of the work as possible be j left for deliberation by the league, flair? to C?k>aira Heard. Exchange of views regarding tne j 'Jerrnan colonies in the Pacific Include Chinese representations concerning Kian-Chow and Australian claims to the captured islands which she asserts are of strategic Importance for her safety. While the conference ha*; not yet ] considered the territorial questions in the Balkans, there is a general dispo sition, constantly growing, to believe! that the United States will take an I active share, either in a protectorate | or in an arrangement similar to that j planned for Constantinople and Ar- J menia. I la the view of the United States i Peace Commission, this is inimical to the American pollcp, but great pres sure Is being brought to bear to have us assume colonial obligations. Rrlfflia Recognition Plea*e? < oanril. The meeting this afternoon of nine teen sroal ur*der the guidance Ciuniyt. who teas be* ft d*?l< - -atf"3 cba r-nax> !*> the big . *e,'* ?*= ?jn'*T?Tocd t? hftv? ber*i f'atlsfaciory ? !| roocasd Tb* .n v ^ rep*- seJ oia w?l| have representation upon three of the four committees. President Wilson conferred today with other members of the American peace delegation, and Kdward Hurley and Samuel Gompers. presumably about the international labor legis lation. The conference was at Ameri can headquarters in the Hotel Crillon, War I ommaniqnr. The supreme inter-allies war coun- I cil today issued the following com- ' ipun iques: j "Th?* "President of the United States, the Prime Ministers and Foreign Ministers of the allied and j associated powers, and the Japa- | nese representative met this mom injp at the Qusi D'Orsay from ' 1?>:30 to 2:30 and defined a pro gram of work and the constitu tion of new committees for eco nomic and financial questions, as well as questions relating to pri vate and maritime laws. The af ternoon session continued the ex change of views on the former <*erman colonies in the Pacific and the Far East. The representatives i of the dominions and China were I heard. The next meeting will I take place tomorrow at 1L o'clock." The afternoon communique follows-I "The representatives of the I powers with special Intertsts met | this afternoon at J! o'clock at the J Qua! D'Orsay. under the presi dency of Mr. J. Cambon, ambassa dor. French delegate at the Peace Conference, to appoint members of the missions in accordance with the decisions of the plenary ses sion of Tuesday. January li?. Brlciam on < ommlttee*. "League of Nations ? Belgium, Mr. Flymans: Brazil, Mr. Rpita cio Pessoa; China. M. R. Welling ton Koo 'plenipotentiary); Serbia, Mr. Vesnitch; Portugal. Mr. Janme Batalkha Reis (minister plenipo tentiary.) "Responsibility of the authors* of the war?Belgium (not vet ap pointed): Serbia. Mr. Slobodan Ya \anovitch; Rumania. Mr. Rosen thal; Greece. Mr. Politis; Poland 'not yet appointed^ "International legislation on la bors-Belgium. Mr. Vandervelde and COVnNTEn OM l'A'JK TWO. Pillsbury Mill Closes, Flour Surplus Cause Minneapolis. Jan. 27.?With the | announcement that they had more j Hour on hand at present than can be sold, the Pillsbury Flour Mills shut down today for the first time I in months. The government's withdrawal from j the market was responsible for the condition. It was declared by offi cials of the company. A sensational drop of 14 cents in the price of rye today and of 4 cents in com was attributed to the (government'*, delay in announcing its plans for -the marketing of wheat. Mexican Troops Escort Fletcher. Laredo. Texas. Jan. 27.?Ambassa dor Fletcher arrived here today, ac companied by Mrs. Fletcher, en route to Washington. He was at tended by a private escort of Mex ican troops and traveled in a ape '?ial ear. Mills Oppose S-Hour Day, l*rovid^nce. R I.. Jan. 27.?Will iam H. Gibley,- head of the Rhode Island Manufacturers' Association, intimated today that the textile mHl owners will not grant the demand of the workers for a 44-hour weeT POLITICAL GERMANY IDENTICAL AS IN DAYS OF AUTOCRACY Paris, Jan. 27.?The result of the elections to the German constitutional assembly illumines the artificial char acter of the political revolution in November, 131&. The results are ex actly such a* -would have been pro duced under the old regime With gen eral suffrage granted and irregulari ties of distribution of election dis tricts corrected. In 1313 the Socialists polled about 000.000 vote*, or nearly forty per cent of the total vote. They certainly have not polled more this time, only they have obtained the exact propor tion -which is their due. The German Centrist party has not changed. It has proved again that ft has a footing in every camp. i The Conservatives have lost what ; they had formerly appropriated by I trickery and gerrymander. The Lib erals have recovered from the left what they have lost to the right. Thus, it is an undeniable fact that I the war has not changed the result. WILSON AGHAST I AT RHEIMS' RUIN President Declares No Words Can Describe Deso lation Created by Hun. Paris, Jan. 27.?President Wilson re sumed work on the peace settlement today with the picture of many little American cemeteries, miles of desolat ed countryside and scores of ruined villages fresti in his mind. "No one can put into words the im pressions I have received in the midst of such scenes of desolation and ruin," he declared, after leaving the skeleton of the famous Rheims Cathedral yes terday. President and Mrs. Wilson spent the entire day in the devastated area They left Paris in an automobile early in the morning, took lunch at Chateau Thierry and returned from Rheims by train in the evening. Sncw fell most of the time. Old j trenches stretched out in thin white I fines across the country. Abandoned jamouflage drooped in funeial wreaths . j beside the roads. Piles of abandoned J materials hid their martial identity under a mantle of white. At Rheims, the snow swirled amidst the wrecked i Rtaildings and splotches of it covered! the blackened wounds of the Cath- ' edral, as though nature were seeking to hide the vandalism of the Hun. The President's party spent two hours in the Chateau Thierry region, passing through the ruins of L?ucy, Torcy and Bauresches. At Vaux the President .stood oil a rise near a score of American graves, overlooking Bel leau Wood, while the story of the lighting ?n this region?where the Sec ond Division made history?was retold for his benefit. The aged mayor received the party at Rheims in rooms with shell-pierced \fcalls and ceilings. The President expressed deep emo tion in response to the mayor's wel come. The party then went to the Cathedral, passing reverently through the ruins. As the President walked by the side of Cardinal Lucon he remarked, "It's beautiful, even though it's a ruin." The Cardinal presented to him an intact circular center piece from one of the Cathedral's price less stained glass windows, llalf an hour was spent in the Cathedral 1 looking up at the great holes in the ; roof and inspecting other damage. Later the party walked in the streets adjoining the Cathedral, which were bordered by the wrecks of what once were dwellings. They then motored through the entire, city, clusters of civilians, who had j returned to take up life in the midst, of the wreckage of war, cheered the President as he passed. U. S. ARMY ACTS TO AID HUN UNEMPLOYMENT New Regulations Permit Imports of Raw Materials. American Headquarters in Germany, Jan. 27.?The unemployment problem in the occupied portion of Germany ts expected to be largely solved by new import regulations announced today. Under these rules German factories will be allowed to import raw ma terial* from other parts of Germany. Manufactured products which can be used in rebuilding France and Bel gium, however, may be exported only to those countries. A number of Germans have been prosecuted as the result of American soldiers selling and trading foodstuffis to them. Five were fined $1,500 each. A large number of officers who sig nified their deeire for immediate dis charge are being withdrawn from the Third army and placed in divisions already ordered home. One hundred and fifty have thus been transferred from the Thitd and 250 from the Fourth division. U. S. Orders Suspension of Steel Shipbuilding I Portland, Ore., Jan. 27.?Steel j shipbuilders had orders today from Washington to suspend work on all vessels that cannot be completed by July 1 Twenty-five ships, representing a total contract valuation of $38,000, 000, will be affcgcted. The impression here is that the government's order applies to all yards in the country. Britain to Free Sinn Feiaert. London, Jan, 27.?The Times pub lished a dispatch from, Dublin to day, stating it had been learned from authoritative sources that the government has decided to release Sinn Fein members of Parliament now in Kngli&h prisons. The tremendous Ijtow of defeat, the confusion, impoverishment, demobili zation and the economic crisis have caused a deep social disturbance which Is only beginning. Germany has only had glimpses of the tremendous reckoning facing her. There is no political reaction. The fear caused by the preliminary mani festations of anarchy counterbalanced the inevitable trend towards the left after history's greatest cottap.se. The Germans did not have the least desire to change their government. Four years of hardships such as no other people would have endured, continuous disappointments in vic tory, always expected, always vanish in, and the threats of the united world had not. shaken their pride. They were lirmly convinced that no other government would have resisted so well. The imperial regime was sacrificed only when it was apparent the sacri fice was the only means of attaining i peace. PARIS "TERROR REIGN" DOUBTED No Reports of Riotous Con duct by Americans Have Reached Baker. No reports of a reign of terror In Paris by American soldiers, or of unusual disorders there, have been received by the War Depart ment. Reports from New York that a ha*ty trip of Policy Commissioner Enright here yesterday was in con nection with the Paris disorders were denied by both Secretary an<* Commissioner Enright. "If there are any disorders in Paris in which American soldiers are involved, the military police there would cope with the situation if the soldiers were still in the military establishment or were de serters." It was pointed out at the War De partment that if expert police as sistance were needed in connection with conditions which might arise in Paris or elsewhere abroad, the department already had among its member* two police authorities, .Raymond Fosdick. who organized j the military police, and Arthur' Woods, formerly police commission-j 1 er of New York City. "If all the story of the disturbance I in Paris is as true as the part of which I have personal knowledge, I it s all a lie. ' said the commissioner, in commenting on It. "The cabled report says I have a deputy cora | missioner of police ov^r there to as sist the military authorities. That is not true." CONFEREES ACCEPTED FOOD BILL AMENDMENT House Expected to Pass $ 100.000, 000 Relief Measure Today. | Conferees on the *140,000,000 food bill ? for the starving populations of Europe I > esterday agreed to all the amend- ( ; ments made by the Senate, it is ex- 1 pected the House will take up the billj I t?day, accept the Senate amendment I | and send the measure back to the Sen j ate. If this is done, it is possible the I | Senate may be able to dispose of the j bill today also, and then it will go to ' the President. Amendments put in by the Senate make more'specific the restrictions against permitting any of the food purchased out of the H00.00U.000 fund going into enemy countries. They also provide that among the people to be , supplied with food must be included i Armenians, Christians and Jews under! j Turkish rule. I Another amendment, which was pro- I posed by Senator Penrose, provides that in making wheat purchases pref erence ?hall be given to wheat raised by the American farmers*-- * RELIGIOUS OBJECTORS FREED FROM PRISON Squad of 113 Released with 4001 to 700 Back Pay. Leavenworth. Hans., Jan. ^7.?c^r- j rying $400 to $7?io in back pay. the; | first squad of 113 conscientious object-I ors released from Federal prison here j went their way to freedom today. Ne# clothes formed the government's part- ' ing gift for the men who refused to I light. Return to citil life brought joy to some. Others went through the Ibr-1 mality with sullen faces. Two refused\ to accept discharges, because it would I not be "for the glory of Qpd." Some | refused the new suits, it was said some would refuse their back pay and allotments. Child of God was the signature or one objector on release papers, it was allowed to stand. Woman Found Dead on Palisades a Suicide New York. Jan. 27.?Dr. W. E. Og den, medical examiner, late today pronounced a suicide the young wom an found dead on the Palisades Ije said it appeared certain she had made ' careful preparation for death j No signs of identification were found on the clothing, but a ferrv ticket indicated the woman crossed I the Hudson from New York possiblv two or three weeks ago. The body was believed to have been lying for about three weeks between I two boulders where it was discovered by hunters. Jobless Veterans in Riot Winnipeg. Man., Jan. 27.-Coinmlt tees of returned soldiers today visit ed employers of alien labor, demand ing their dismissal and the employ m10t veterans- Disorders broke out afresh ialc tcxiay. STRIKE TERROR GRIPS ENGLAND; MAY REACH U. S. 173,000 Workers Out and Number Likely to Be Doubled Today. BELFAST IN DARKNESS ______ Labor Trouble Will Involve All Europe and Cross Atlantic, Prediction. Lonton. Jan. W.-Strlke terror? u commencing to gain a vise-like grip upon Great Britain's insduetrtes ana certain British industrial authorities today see her claw soon ?tre'c.h1"? across the Atlantic to stay the wheels of American -commerce. With the battle cry. "No rent and no income taxes till our demands are met!" 173.000 workers are oat tonight and before another forty-eight hours it is feared the number may be doubled. The crux of the trouble liee in the demands for a reduction of the forty-seven hour week to one of forty or forty-four hours. As suggested by one authority t - night, values have changed, both of labor and of goods, and there is no definite means of ascertaining wha they will be during the transition from war to peace. Great Upheaval Feared. During this period labor troubles of huge proportions are feared. Tney are expected to spread not only over Europe, but to America as welL -In Great Britain." said an indus trial leader, "the workers have re pudiated government intervention; they have scorned the advice of their own leaders, so that no alternative course seems possible save strike. "Demands made in certain Indus- | tries can not be conceded without i disaster; if they were, the Industries j would promptly cease to exist. 1 "At Belfast, where more than 100. 0W> are out of work, due to the strikes in the shipyards, engineering con- | cerns and nearly all factories sre closed. The city has no light, no gas. no street cars working as a result of these strikes. Yesterday hundreds of people went to church in the eve ning carrying candles stuck in bot ties." Ship Worker* Oat. Eighteen thousand London ship workers have struck for a general | increase of 15 shillings a week. 1 Twenty thousand engineers on the Clyde are out demanding a 40 hour week. There is another engineer strike at Edinburgh. | Ship workers are striking at. lieith. B>ytb. Manchester and Sal I ford. ? , . , I [ Strike outbreaks are feared in | South Wales. I There is no immediate fear to night of a new strike by police.^ either in London or the provinces.) but the railwav men have sent an' ultimatum to the government, threatening a general strike on Febraury 9 unless a governmental committee is appointed to negotiate with the railway men's committee. Belfast. Jan. zT-The worst labor, riots since the outbreak of the war took place here today. Sauads of po- ] lice charged into the rioting mobs of strikers and finally dispersed them. The mobs were attacking and stoning j the doors of newspaper offices. | POET TELLS CORONER HOW IT FEELS TO DIE; Nita Pearson of New York and ; Chicago Severs Arteries. I San Francisco. Jan. 27.?Nita Pear son, poet and fiction writer, tried hu mor in her final work?a note to the coroner. Her body was found today in a gas filled room in her apartment. She wrote four death notes. The one to the coroner was written more than six hours after she severed an artery. "All I don't know about arteries would fill a book." she wrote. Then she added: "The joke is on me. I always heard that cutting arteries would bring almost instant death. It has been almost six hours since I se vered an artery. I bled profusely for awhile, but I've figured out that at this rate, I'll live a inontfi." A motive for the suicide was not found. Miss Pearson came here from ) New York in 1912. SAYS PERSHING BOOM WILL FAIL IN NORTH; Must Explain Ousting of National 1 Guard Officers, Burrill Says. Boston. Jan. 27.?Charles T. Burrill. State treasurer, today sent a letter to former United States i^nator Chas. Dick, of Akron, O., organizer of the National Pershing Republican league, declaring in effect that the league's efforts to give Gen. Pershing the Re publican presidential nomination in 1030 will fail to ai^use interest in New England until justice is done the na tional guard officers removed from their commands. Burrill's letter was sent in answer to a letter from Dick asking co-operation in the work of the league to nominate Pershing. Dry Meat by New Method; Exceeds Expectations New York, Jan. 27.?Actual shipments have been made of meats dried by the new process discovered by Dr. K. C. Falk an<T" Dr. E. M. Frankel in the Harriman Laboratory of Roose velt Hospital and perfected at Co lumbia University at the university today. The results were even more than had been expected, it was inti mated. Dr. Ralph H. McKee, of Columbia, explained today that the process con sists of extracting all water from the meat by placing it in a vacuum under low temperature. The drying process, he declared, does not co agulate the albumen or change the chemical structure of the meat in any manner. It can be kept indefinitely and has only to be soaked in water to be restored to its original weight >uid condition. U.S.and Britain Trustees of Peace, Balfour Declares ? London, Jan. 27.?Arthur J. Balfour, Secretary of State for Foreign Aaffairs, contributes a 9 foreword to the first number of the Landwork Magazine of the English Speaking Union, in which he says he has no doubt that" relations between Great Britain and the United States always will be friendly, but that he is not content with that. "I want something more than that," says Mr. Balfour. "I want every, citizen of the Brit ish Empire and every citizen of the great American republic to feel that they arc joint trustees for civilization and the world of those principles of peace and liberty for which we arc all struggling at this moment." FLAYS SENATOR FOR ATTACKS ON DISTRICT Thorn, of Mid-city Citizens' Association, Denies Sher man's Charges. SAYS HE THREW STONES Declares Solon Comes from State the Morals of which Are "Low." Bitter criticism of Senator Lawrenct i Y. Sherman, of Illinois, for his recent I attacks on the people of the District, j featured the meeting of the Mid-city j Citizens' Association last night, at 1005) Seventh street. Mr. Thorn was par ticularly bitter against the Illinois Senator. "I'nfortunately I am from Illinois, he said, "and I know that in his own State, ward 'heelers' and various other political machines helped to piace him, in the position he occupies. The Sen ator is aware of the low mcrral stand ard in TlHnois. atari therefore 1 don't think he is in a position to throw stones," said Mr. Thorn. "It would be unjust for us to Let I this insult go without a protest. The , people of Washington are just as in telligent as the people in Illinois. He' is well aware of his own position; he stooped to meet people of low morals and low standing when he wanted' their votes. i "I should like to have this assoeia-j j tion go on record as resenting his in-j | suiting remarks. And I should like j to have a copy of the resolution sent j him, not that he would rare, but just i to let him know that we are here." j It was unanimously decided to draw up a resolution demanding a ; retraction of the insult. "But." said Mr. Thorn, "he won't do it. His kind never does." The committee also went on rec- i ord as indorsing the District teach-I ers* fight for an increase in pay. ' Charles S. Shreve presented a j resolution requesting th'it Congress' take immediate steps to provide for j government ownership of all tele- j phone and telegraph lines. Mr.? Shreve said that the companies! would have to ask for higher rates when the government relinquishes: its control and that the government : could operate the lines cheaper.! The resolution was adopted. Vincent L. Toomey spoke of the 1 necessity of "safety first," "The speed laws are in a choatic J state," he said. "Not many people ? know the lawful speed at street in- j tersections. The car companies) maintain that It is J2 miles per hour! and have won suits on this basis."} The committee on postofflce re- j ported that a sub-station had been; established at 1118 Seventh street in', response to an urgent plea to Post- j master Chance. A committee, composed of Mr. : Toomey, Mr. Sullivan and Mr. Burk hart was appointed to investigate ; the alleged unfair treatment of! wounded soldiers at Walter Reed j Hospital. BILL GIVES PREFERENCE TO DISCHARGED MENj Measure Provides for Aiding Them to Gvil Service Jobs. Honorably discharged soldiers and sailors would be given preference in awarding Civil Service positions, un der the terms of a bill introduced yesterday by Representative Harri son. of Mississippi. The bill provides that any such per son shall be given preference when he passes an examination with rank of 66 per cent. Vocational training when necessary also is provided. The bill stipulates that wounded soldiers be given preference over men who escaped injury in the war. TRANSPORT SAILS TO GET PRESIDENT I Hoboken, N. J.t Jan. 27.?The Amer ican transport George Washington, which is to sail from Brest February 12, according to present arrangements, to bring President Wilson back to America, left here today fpr the east ward trip. She carried a large num ber of passengers, among whom were numbered many war workers, an Ital ian mission and a Belgian mission. Among the passengers also were some army officers attached to the judge ad vocate's office. Their mission was re ported to be to expedite the trials of soldiers 'awaiting courtmartial abroad. When the George Washington re turns with President WHson and hie party it will also bring several thou sand feoldiers. Woman Victim Will Join . Hunt for District's Madman Miss Hood Determined to Aid in Quest of Stranger Who Attacked Three?Police. Continue Intensive Campaign. Bouyed by the consoling presence of her mother and Bister Miss Lillian Hood, one of the young women wound by the supposed maniac who also en tered two other homes early last Kri d^v morning, shooting another young woman and choiring a third, wants to do everything within her power, ~**is soon as she is able to leave the Emer gency Hospital, to aid in the search) for the supposed maniac. Announcement by Dr. J. Ward Man- j kin, at Emergency nospilal to the ef- | feet that Miss Hood has a good chance j to live unless unforseen complications set in, and that Miss Martha E. <lea gan, the other young woman who was last night, gave the police new fco|?c of apprehending the criminal. Relentless Cr**ade Oa. While the police are running down every possible clue?all of them prov ing thred-bare-Maj. Raymond Pull man stated that only by a ceaseless Qrusade against all suspicious-appear ing strangers can it be hoped to catoh the man guilty of the triple at tack which has stirred Washington as never before in years. After making a thorough investiga tion of the report made by Mb>s Hood's mother and sister of a strangely-acting man loitering yester day morning in the rear of the room in which Miss Hood was attacked at her home, 1337 L. street r^orthwest, the police were convinced last night the man the two * saw was but a curiosity seeker, bent on no ill harm. While the police will not openly ad mit the theory that the supposed madman had previous knowledge of the houses which he raided last Fri day morning, they would not deny that it was possible that he, at some j time in the past, had lived at one of these residences or at ail three at dif ferent times, and therefore was fa miliar with the mode of entrance and location of the rooms in each dwell ing. , DrarrlpIlM *'?*" Ob*. "Because of the meager description of the marauder," said Maj- Pullman earlv last night. "we can only hope to find the guilty man through a pro SUICIDE VERDICT IN TUBMAN CASE _________ Was Formerly Employed at Camp Humphries?Was Estranged from Wife. Kstranged from his wife for sev eral months. Albert Magruder Tub man. ? years old. formerly employ- 1 ed on a contracting job at (.'amp Humphries. Va., committed suicide late yesterday afternoon His hody. with a revolver lying , on the Moor nearby, was fond on the I bed in the room where he boarded, j at 805 New Jersey avene north west, abotu 8 o'clock last night. An ambulance from Casualty Hos pital was summoned, but when the ! physician in charge reached the i house, he said that Tubman had been dead several hours. James J. Haney. proprietor of the house, told the police that the re- i volver found in Tubman's room. | from which one bullet had been discharged, was his (Haney si prop erty. and that Tubman had been alone in the house for several hours. Tubman's two brothers. Dr. J K Tubman. 1750 Park road northwest. ; and Benjamin Tubman, of SS M street northwest, who survive him besides his wife, th; actress of whom the po lice could not learn late last night, notified the undertaking tirm of V . ? l>ea! & Co.. who took charge ol tho body after Coroner Nevitl issued certificate of suicide Headquarters Detective Haiiej and l?etective O'Mara of the Sixth pre cinct. investigated the case. BREAK DELAY ON TAX BILL Rumors to the effec t th*t ih-rc j was a hopeiess deadlock on th^ *6.-i 000.000.000 revenue bill were set at rest yesterday when it was an nounced that the conferees of the Senate and House had reached " complete agree.ment on all the sub stantial features of the bill Senator Simmons, chairman of the Finance Committee, will report bill in the Senate either Wednesday or Thursday of this week, and Hep- | resentative Kitchin. chairman of the Wave and Means Committee, will per form a similar function in the House. It is not believed more than three days will be required in either, house to act upon the bill so that it may be sent to the President. , The amendment adopted by the , Senate, on motion of Senator Tram mel. of Florida, to grant every dis charged soldier and sailor ?n<> j month s extra pay at the time of his discharge has not been decided, upon. Neither has the amendment by Senator Thomas to levy a tax of 100 per cent on all campaign con tributions tn excess of ISO" These will be decided probably at today s session. The House conferees are understood to be strongly opposed to the Thomas amendment. Senator Simmons expressed great gratification over the fact that an I agreement had been reached and, that it will be possible to enact a revenue bill at this session of Con gress. French Want Finland an Independent Nation Copenhagen. Jan. 27-France will propose at the Peace Conference to have Finland recognized by the world ?s an independent nation, according to a dispatch from Helsingfors. the Finnish capital. The dispatch adds Britain alread> has agreed beforehand to the propo sitioti. oeiw of elimination or possibly htrough . him stumbling up in a possible repe tition of hia crime." m While the police have ndt entirely! abandoned the clue to a bar*--headed i man who entered a hat store in Fail* Church, Va., nothing of any con*r-1 quenco in expected to develop in thisj direction, the proprietor of the store having modified his statement with I the information that he now believe* I the man who entered hia shop did ?o previous to last Friday. Will QimtUi Victim*. As .soon a> Mis* Hood and Miss i Geagan are sufficiently recovered to leave Emergency Hospital, it was said last night, they will be quea- | tioncd as to their movement^ on the i evening preceding the morning of the j I attack, as to whether or not they' [were trailed by any suspicious look-] ing atranger. in the hopes that they may have further ecoilectiona that may shed new light on the case. SAYS U. S. MUST KEEP RAILWAYS Sen. Cummins Introduces: Bill Authorizing U. S. I Control for 18 Months. Senator Cummins, of Iowa, intro- | duced in the Senate yesterday a bill to prevent the President from ; j turning the railroads back to their j owners before the expiration of the , eighteen-months* period, which was 1 I fixed in the railroad control bill as [ th* time within which the roads must be surrendered. The purpose j of the bill is to keep the roads un der government control until Con j gress has had time to legislate as | ot the future disposition of the i problem. In presenting the bill to the Sen ate, Senator Cummins declared that the return of the roads before legis lation is enacted would be a uni versal disaster. "Director General McAdoo stated I with reasonable clearness when be fore our committee." Senator Cum mins said, "that the railroad sys tems probably would bn returned to their owners at the *-nd of this ses sion unless we granted the request made by him for an extension of Ave years of thf present form of control. The new director general. Mr Hines, ha* recently said prac ffic#!y tire sarm thing. My opinion ' is that the return should not be al lowed." [ Senator Cummins said that dur 1 ing the recess of Congress the com mittee could continue its work and have a definite plan of legislation to preaent when Confrress re-as sembles. | "The bill 1 propose gives the coun i try until twenty-one %months after 1 the war to make new arrange | raents," he said. *This is the same period as that fixed in the present i law. Unless some such bill is ; passed, and if the President is gutd I ed by the advice of his former di rector general as well as, by that ! of his present director general, the | United States will witness a tinan | cial cataclysm such as it never saw before." Bullet Through Head, Private Carl Streiback Has Chance to Recover 1 < 'amp McOHIan. Ala.. Jan. 27.? 'with a 45-caliber pistol bullet through his head from front to "rear. Private ' Car! Streiback. lndiana|>oIis, Ind.. aol ; dier. is alive today and hospital of ficials think he has a slight chance to recover. Streiback was shot accidently Sun day night when a pistol in the hands of m member of the same company. , who occupied he adjoining tent, was discharged. The bullet struck the In idianapolis man squarely in the back j of the head, emerged in the center I of the forehead and ploughed its way [through the tent walls beyond. The injured soldier was rushed to the base hospital where ati examina tion showed the bullet had passed ?between the lobes of the brain. tear ! ing aw\v only the tissues. The fact jthat the injured man was not killed I instantly leads officials to believe he j has a chance to recover. Wholesale Meat Prices Decline in T.wo Cities I Boston and Philadelphia house wives ought to begin smiling Meat prices in those cities the past ^eek were on the decline. Thst is. the wholesale market was. Here's what Uncle Sam s market ! expert said of the Boston market: "A serious condition of general in activity marked the week, with the 'volume of business greatly reduced. | the trend of prices downward on all i classes of meat, and trading very | slow at the weaker prices." Wanted to Attack Italy. Hon General is Retired Vienna. Jan. 27.?Gen. von Hoetzen dorfT, former Austrian Chief of Staff, said in an interview today that he was forced to relinquish his com mand because he insisted that all military efforts be concentrated against Italy. "The defeat of Italy would have meant the collapse of the entente." he declared. _____ Jugo Slavs Defy Italy; Call Recruits to Colors Fiume Jan. 27 ? President Pogat schrisg of the Slovene government at Laibach, declared in an interview that "all Jugo-Slav territoriea will be defended against the Italians to the last man." He said that relations with Italy are greaetly strained and that five) classes of Jugo-Slav soldiers are un der arms. PACKERS ASSAIL1 BILLS PROPOSED* FOR REGULATION Would Destroy Efficiency of Industry, J. Ogden Armour Contends. MORRIS AT HOUSE QUIZ Denies All Charges Mad^ by Federal Trade Commission. J. Ogden Armour and MvaH i Morrifc. presidMU of two of the I five" parkin* companies, appeared | [ before Congressional committed \ I yesterday to protest againpt pa** I | sagr of pending bills to regvlat# ' packing companies of the country. Mr Armour concluded his teatl^ I mony before the Senate Agriculture | Committee, while Mr. Morris ap peared before the Interstate Corh merce Committee of the House. 1^ D. H. Weld, of Swift and ('oraiAigr^ also testified before the House com* mittee. L/Ouis F Swift, president of the Swift company, will testify b*? | fore the Senate committee today. Knactment of pending legislation ! would result in immediate government j operation or ownership of the packing I industry. Morris declared. Hither rom I dition. he said, would destroy the ef* I ficiency of the industry and at th^ i same time be irumicaJ to the beet lit* terests of producer and consumer tMalla Iilveatoei Vea In voicing his protect against tM I passage of the bill. Morris declare^ ! that the market oommittop of the Na^ I tionai livestock Association. w hic^ claims responsibility for the investl* : gallon of the packing industry b> tha >, Federal Trade Committee, had been I "the cause of this anti-pa ker props* ganda " Member of this comnutteeu he said, were wealthy men. who na4 I made their wealth out of the sale <>C i lfve meat animala. and that the> ha<f at their disposal an annual fund oC approximately which might t?? the inspirational source of the rruaadt* against the packers In a 134-page statement submitted u> the committee. Mr Moms denied ail charges made b> the Keieral Tridw Commission, a hose methods of InvtM tigati"n were attacked vigorously and whose report was ch an c tensed afl "unjust and inaccurate and failing t<* ?horn' any abuse or illegal practices i*v connection with packing house factlN ties." Mr. Morris said he was "naak? ? tng no charge of dishonest> kcainstl roembt rs of the commission, although I the investigation had not been on ^ ! broad and constructive ha&is." < natrol ?( H??? . Packers control nstion-wid< bu> iitig ! of hogs and cattle from Chicago. ? Ogden Armour admitted under guc.?* j tioning by Francis J. Heney. 1 CI icago packers keep ?n eonatand j touch with buyers at Fort \\ orth. ; Kansas City. Oklahoma. Sioux City* 'and St Paul. Armour nrvealed "Then. Chicago does fix prices t? be pa'd at all other yards T* Hencyi inquired "In a general may." replied Armour "instructions are to buy I higher, loser or steadx." | "And if a buyer in another yar<fi ' pays much more than Chicago, isn't. I he sharply reprimanded"" ask*A j Heney. "Yes. air. and after that he is like-* ly to buy especially low or pass uja some good buys to avoid doing ft a. second time " | Armour protested thst packers not fix the price of cattle, however. CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO. WAR CONTRACTS BILL IN SENATE Two Billion Involved in Consideration of Measure; U. S. Firms Concerned. American business interests t#a 'the extent of $Z.OQA.AoO.OAO sre in j volved in the fate ?f the bill to au thorise Secretary Rak<r to adjust"^ ? war contracts considet stion of j which was bejfun by the Senate yes jterdsy. Th? contracts sr. for tha j supplying of immense quantities of"*" , war material, which would hava J been needed if the war had gone Jon. but which became of no neces jsity as soon as the armistice was j signed ? The hill permits the Secretary of ? War to make adjustments of the contracts and arrang. the hast.* up on which s reasonable portion of j the money due the contractors may . be paid. It provides also for a rom | mission to which appeals may be 'taken If Secretary Raker's decisions .are unsatisfactory. Senator Chamberlain, of * ?rcgoa. I in charge of the bill, said that ah I solute cancellation of the outstand ing contrscts would bring dissster | upon the country. He emphsalcea the importance of legislstion on the, subject through Congees* st this session. % Many of the contractors are still going ahead with the worlti under their contracts, he said, and the government is helpless to can I eel thani. Other contracts araount | ing to fully SI2.i?4*O.OOQ.OlH> have ? been cancelled, he said The House has passed a bill ptae i ing the entire matter In the hands , of the Secretary of War. Warrant for Kaiser Sworn Out by Fatber of Wounded Dougbboy Kf'imasoo. Mich Jan. 27.?William Hohenxollem. former Kaiser. Is charg ed with attempted murder by James Van Gierson. of this city, who got out a wacu ?' tor Willtara'a arret: The warrant charges he "malie'sus ly wounded Jame? Van Gierson with deadly veapon* discharged either bv himself or by his orders." Van Gtersoo was wounded -at Cha teau Thierry.