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THE WASHINGTON HERALD I ?ne cent
N(> 4478 WASHINGTON. D. C.. WEDNESDAY. JAJTOABY 29, 1919="== n^.TNT - f Britain Said to Favor Aspi rations of Nippon to Marshall Groap. CLAIMS AGAIN HEARD American Plan for League of Nations to Be Made Public Shortly. Pari*, Jan. 2S.?The German col onies in the Far-East and the Pa cific as well as those in Africa attain were the subject of an exchange of ^ewi at two sessions dt the Peace Conference today, it is officially an nounced. Japan. China and the British dominions were heard, as the French colonial min ister. Henri Simon. The fundamental principles of the league of nations also were dis cusaed. The official communique, issued tonight, says: The President of the United States, the Prime and Foreign Ministers of the United States, the British Empire, France* and Italy and the representatives of j Japan, held two meetings today, the first from 11:30 a. m. to i 12:30 p. m_ and the second from ' * P- m. to 6:30 p. m. \ lew* ?n Coionlen Exchanged. "An exchange of views took j Place on the German colonies in I toe Far-East and the Pacific and on those in Africa. "The representatives of the j dominions were present at these | two sessions: The representa tives of China at that in the j morning and the Marquis Salva dor. at that in the afternoon. "In the morning the delegates j of Australia. New Zealand. Ja- I pan China were heard. "In the afternoon M. Henri ' Stmon. French minister of the I colonies, explained the views of I his depatment on colonial ques- i tiona. addition, the fundamental i principles of the league of na tions and their application were I considered. "The next meeting will take i Place tomorrow at 11 a. m." Japan's claims to the Marshall group of Pacific islands were understood to have received special attention to day. It was reported that Great Brit ain favored Japanese retention of these islands, which were seized from Germany. In return for this support, it was believed that Japan might back op the claims of Australia, Now ' Zealand and South Africa to German | colonies now held by them Will Anatanrf r. S. Plan. T^ie American plan for a league of nations will be announced in a day or two, it was learned from an official I aouro? tonight. The American plan will be put forth In full detail While original in many respects, it follow* the general line? of the plan submitted by Gen. ! Jan Christian Smuts. President Wilson and Premier IJoyd George are said to feel that the de-! eision on the league-of-nations plan at the oulset will do much toward scftvlnf the troublesome problem of the claims of rival nations. Once all nations understand that' they must be good and submit to right and reason they would be more mcJined to reconcile their iUffi?ima If they do not, they possibly might find themselves outside the league. Establishment of the "b\g flVe" b*oc for the purpose of wielding the *big stick** at the peace conferences has resulted In the formation of a ?Tittle five" bloc, which win seek to awing a "little stick." The United States. Great Britain. France. Italy and Japan constitute the "big five." The "little five" has been orxanixad by Serbia. Greece. Po land and ' "hlna These "rtraj" faction* grew out of the light by the smaller nations for grea.tpr representation on the special committees which will work out the details of the peace settlement. The lines thus drawn win be wiped out 11 believed, when the question of representation is adjusted amicably. Work toward this end is progressing rapidly People t, <iet thr *ews. American and other foreign corre spondents were working today under the assurance of the French govem ment that everything would 1* done to speed up transmission of peace conference news, and that dispatobes absolutely would be free from cen sorship. This assurance was given by Andre Tardieu. high commissioner of Franco-American relations, in an ad dress at the opening of the French ctab for foreign correspondents. 80 ' hampfc Rlyseer. He also declared the corespondents will be given every opportunity lo obtain th? maximum, in quantity and accuracy, of official information. France's viewpoint is the same as President Wilson's?that this t< the people s conference, and that thev are entitled to know what is going on." said Tardieu. About 500 corespondents were pres ent, in addition to a number of French newspapermen and officials '**n Kern an and Dr. R. H_ Lord were selected today as American rep resentatives on the mission which the associated powers will sent to Poland. MILITARY TRAINING POLICY IS DOUBTFUL Universal military training advo cates w-ni present their ideas to Congress very soon, according to in dications yesterday. But indications sre just as strong that Congress will not be inclined to adopt that policy. The nation Is registering, in a growing volume of letters to Congress members, an In creasing distaste for a policy that even tinges of militarism. That the General Staff of the Army favors the unlveraal military training idea, and would put it into effect were It in position to do so was the claim of a member of the Senate Military Committee. ihie General Staff, however, has kept silent Insofar as doing any urging of the policy was concerned. Twin Sisters Sea Suicides, Purser Says Death of Misses Cromwell I Confirmed when Liner Lorraine Docks. ! New York. Jan. 28.?Confirmation of I jthe suicide of the Jliss^ Dorthea and . I Gladys. Cromwell, wealthy twin sis ters, was given today upon the dock ! ing of the Lorraine of the French line. | by Purser I^e Dantec who quoted an American soldier, a private named Ed ! wards. "On the evening of January 19," Ed wards said, "after we had started from Bordeaux, I was strolling: on the main deck when I noticed two women walking up and down at the forward end of the port side. It struck me especially because they were on this deck instead of the promenade. They seemed excited and nervous. "After I had watched them for about ten minutes standing at the rail, one of them suddenly started to climb over. The other helped her. "I ran forward, calling for help. Two soldiers came, but we reached the rail too late to stop the second woman." The captain was notified immediate ly, and boats were lowered, but no trace of the bodies was found. SPEEDIER SHIPS FOR U. IS PLAN New Program of Board Also j Provides for Larger Steel Vessels. Revision of the entire ship buildingg program has been decid ed upon by the United States Ship ping Board and Emergency Fleet Corporation, it was learned officially yesterday. An a consequence of the new plan, work has been ordered stopped on scores of shipways where the con struction is not too far advanced. Work on vessels more than half completed Will be continued. I The charge in construction pol icy is to meet the need of the world I trade and more especially American commerce, according to Director ! General Piez. of the Emergency | Fleet Corporation. Piez explained that since ft is no longer necessary to build ships in a hurry, officials desire to construct a fleet which will meet the needs of those who will use it. Practically every t>*>e of vessel, except the large tones, which is now in use will be cluatrgfed u larger carrying ca pacity will be obtained. Shlpn to ke Larger. From this time on, all ships built will be larger and speedier than those built during the war. Piez said. Most of the ships now in use have a sea speed of 10 to 11 knots. Piez said he desired ships which would be capable of making 14 knots or faster, since most of the foreign ships are faster than these of ours built during the war. Shipping officials favor a type of vessel larger than 7,500 deadweight tons. Some argue for ships with a capacity of 11.000 to 12.000 tons. A committee of expert shipping men has been busy for two weeks survey ing the needs of exporters, getting their opinions and, in general, work ing out a policy which will determine the various types, sizes and uses of the proposed ships. Piez explained that already it is evident if the Amer . ican merchant fleet is to make good it must number among its ships bot toms which can accomodate any sort of cargo as efficiently as those of Great Britain or any other nation. The steel shipbuilding program, as outlined last July, contemplated the use of 10.0000.CKW) tons of steel. Of this, about 4.000<00 tons have been used. The <>,000,000 tons remaining un touched will be used in building the i larger ships. No more wooden ships I will be built, officials said several months ago, and it is likely that they will be disposed of. German Women Arraign 'Suffrage' | Amsterdam. Jan. 28.?A mass | petition signed by women has been I circulated throughout Germany to i request the National Assembly to 1 put an end to the "scandal of worn I an's suffrage." which is called a I farce "ALL MUDDLED," PACKER AVERS Morris Deems Condition, Due to "Prewar Cam- I paign of Agitation." SWIFT OPPOSES CURB I Enough Laws Now, If En-j forced, to Regulate Meat j Industry, He Says. Hearings on bills to regulate the packing industry w?re continued yes- | terday with Louis F. Swift, president | of Swift & Co., before the Senate, agriculture committee, and Edward j Morris, president of Morris & Co., and J representatives of Cudahy & CO.", be fore the House committee on inter state commerce. Mr. Swift said that he saw no nec essity for additional legislaton affect ing the packing industry. "It is my opinion," he continued, "that there is law enough on it al ready, if it could be enforced. If the j laws we have made are not violated, i there is no necessity for any more laws at all " The financial growth of Swift & Co. was brought out by questions and statements of Mr. Heney. The com- | capital stock of $150,000,000, with a j capital of $300,000, and it now has a I capital stock of $150,0000,000, with a j surplus of $4,000,000. A few months ! after formation of the company an , additional $340,000 was paid in by the j stockholders as a loan. In January. IS86, the first dividend of 6 per cent. $1S.000 was paid, and in October a dividend of 230 per cent wai* paid. The capital stock was increased to $5,000,000 January 1, 1S88, and during the twenty-six months ending August I 1. 1S90, dividends to the amount of $2,500,000 were paid, while from Aug- | ust, 1893. to January, 1899, dividends! aggregated $5,006,837. In May, 1918, ai stock dividend of $25,000,000 was issued. I (nil* Railroad* 4\>Iuddled.** j Government operation of the rail-( roads came into the hearing of the House Committee during cross-ex-1 amination of Edward Morris. Mr. Morris had referred to the "muddled condition" of the rail roads, "which we now have on our hands with an enormous in-1 eumbrance which the people in the end must pay." "Do you attribute the muddled condition, as you say. of the rail roads to government .operation," asked Representative I>#reipus. "I do not," answered Mr. Morris, "but at about ttie* time the rail-J roads were takrn over by the gov ernment they were in a terrible fix and they still are in a mighty bad men! This, I think, is due largely to the campaign of agitation and misrepresentation waged against the roads for years." No Improvement in Science. "Has there been any expedition of movement on the railroads or re moval of congestion since the' gov ernment took chargc of the roads?" asked Mr. Doremus. "No, there has not," replied Mr. Morris. Mr. Morris explained that ho did not wish to appear in the position of criticizing government operation of the railroads, but rather that he did not want the packing industry to get into the condition in which railroads now are, "muddled and messed up." This condition might result. he said, from the campaign of abuse, agitation and misrepresentation of which packers have been the vic tims. J. A. McNaughton, traffic manager for Cudahy and Company, em phasizd the superiority of the serv ice of the packer-owned refrigera tor car over that of the ordinary railroad-owned oar. The former has an average daily mileage for 365 days in the year of ninety miles, while that of the ordinary car is thirty miles. Thomas E. Creigh, counsel for Cudahy and Company, and C. H. Brooks, president of the Wichita Stockyards Company, also appeared before the committee. Thomas E. Wilson, president of Wilson and Company, and Edward A. Cudahy, president of Cudahy and I Company, will appear before the I committee today. Super-Zeppelin to Make Trip from Britain to Brazil Admiralty Guard* Secret of Giant Lighter than-Air Craft to Be Put In Com mercial Service. | By ROBERT WELLES RITCHIE, tnivrrnal Smlff Staff ('?rrf?p?n deat London, Jan. 28.?The British admi ralty alone possesses all facts con cerning the monster Zeppelin which it is planned to have make the first trans-Atlantic trip from England to Brazil this summer. And the admi I ralty will not divulge these facts. When London read yesterday of Sir Woodman Burbridge's statement that j he had engaged a cabin in the airship I for the passage of himself and wife i on this maiden trip to Brazil in Au , gust. London chuckled and called it "jolly spoof." Flight Will be Attempted. But I learned enough today to say 1 that even if sir Woodman's statement was a little premature as to booking passage. it unquestionably was true that by August a lighter-thap-air ship will be ready to make the trans-At lantic flight, establishing a regular air paseagn first to Argentina and Brazil and then to America. Vic.kern Limited, makers of muni tions and aeroplanes, are the inter ested parties in the proposed super Zeppelin. I had from an officer in ? charge of the aero department enough [ details to prove this is not-& chimera. | . "No; Sir Woodman did not exagger I ate. He only let the cat out of the i bag," said the officer. j "The germ of the experiment was in sending a Zeppelin from Germany over Egypt and back again. That demonstrates that long flights are per j fectly feasible. "It is open to discussion whether j lighter than air craft are not more i reliable than aeroplanes for long dis tance trips. "Yes; the planned Brazil flight is about 25 per cent longer than the pro ; posed aero flight from Ireland to New ! Foundland, but it is less subject to storms." Admiralty Is Reticent. When pressed for details of the air ship the officer hedge*!. "I must refer you to the admiralty," he said. Inquiry at the admiralty drew the | response that "any statement at this time would be premature.*' i Here is the rosy picture Sir Wooa man paints of the Brazil flight: "The fare, I understand, will be something between ?400 and ?500, but it will be worth it for the time sav ing. It will be some cabin. It will be as luxurious as one on an ocean liner. Dining 5,000 feet in the air will be worth the price alone. My wife is as keen as I am to make the trip." Duty of Large Nations To Secure World Peace, Says French Diplomat Rene Viviani, Former Premier, Says Ten Lead-; ing Powers Will Be Responsible For Justice In International Disputes. By R?NE VIVIANI. | l orarr Preaaler of France. WHttM Kspecially for Ualveraal I Service. | Special Cable DUpatck. | Paris. Jan. 28.?In working out a | detailed plan for the operation of i the Lq^iguc of Nations we will in evitably encounter contradictions I which must be reconciled. Wounded pride and shattered hopes wil have to be reckoned with. We might for example establish the proposed supreme court at Brussels. The associated nations are to send representatives?but what representatives? It has been pro posed that the heads of the several states, or at least the premiers, be sent in order to give the court more lustre and force. To Forestall Conflicts. This cannot be considered for a moment. What are the conceptions we have of this court and its attri- j butes? Do we think of it holding j annual sessions, surrounded by the solemnity and pomp of a pageant. | That is a wrong picture. The I league will necessarily be in con tinuous session. and therefore, neither the heads of States, pre miers nor active ministers could di vide their time between their own I wotfc and this international task, j Moreover, ministers are subjected | to all the political variations of their own country and are liable to be overthrown at any moment. Each country must designate an j important and eminent man as Its; special ambassador. His role will j be a double one: To forestall con-, flicts and to abjudicate such as may occur. To forestall them, he must know the situation thoroughly. "e I must have all the necessary infor mation in centralized form. He must be in constant communication witn , his colleagues from the various other countries. How is the league to be established , There are in world forty-four states among which eight or ten are great powers. The idea of convoking forty-. four representatives is not feasible. It seems necessary to choose by rotation the states to be represented, possibly | so that there will be eleven each year among whom (I shall ten; later why) the Ave great powers sre entitled to continuous seats. But how will this court work? It will have three functions: I 1. To forestall conflicts. 2. To supervise the execution of the | 'peace treaty. \ j s. "fo impose sentences. Power of nelcgafe*. Suppose eleven representatives are appointed. In them everything win 'be centralized. Their capacity la that I Of a court clerk, or general secretary. | and they will be agisted by adminis trative officers and archives. I Those eleven delegates would not be I In continuous session, but would be MANIAC DEFIES POLICE SEARCH | *? I Man Who Attacked Three Women Still at Large; Victims Will Recover. I Agisted by members of th?; Defense League and more than I military guarrts, the WMhington po lice at midnight last night wert h?P? lessly outdistanced In their hunt fo the so-called -madman of the North wait" who shot two women and choked a third as each lay in their respective homes earlp laat Friday morning. While every avenue of escape been carefully guarded. sco? ot poaedly suspicious characters ques Itioned and later released, and every clue run down, the police are on the verge of admitting that they are face to face with one of the greatest crtm* inal enigmas in years. Victims Will Recover. While interest in the eeareh has not lessened to the least degree, the fact that nothing of any con~*u?~ developed within six days to gijide the police has added further ramlflcatons to the mystery of how the man sought could have so suc-essfully eaeap^rt th dragnet which the police have thrown around the District. f "Tears ago when we had a case of this kind to handle. ? said a veteran retective headquarters last ^ knew just where to look and whom to single out Within the last year Washington ha* changed eleon-today our greatest difficulty 1? to handle a floating ? perhaps 25,000 a day. which means that the work of ">? J""" ment increased a hundredfold. Physicians at Emergency HospltaJ late last night reported that bothMtas Lilian Hood and Miss MarthaOeagan were on the steady road to recoy<*T_ Yesterday afternoon physicians at the hospital were able to remove a .38 calibre bullet from Miss Hood s abdo men. proving to be the same sl*e bullet which grazed Miss Geagans side the latter having been found in the bedding in her room. Throughout yesterday were in communication with the Phil adelphia authorities to aacert^n the previous whereabouts of the religious fanatic who shot three men to death in the Quaker City. Detective Guy Burlingame. assistant inspector Qf the police department, when shown Philadelphia dispatches which intimated that the fanatic ar rested in that city, may have had some connection with the triple raids of last Friday morning In Washing ton, produced reports from the police of the Pennsylvania city tending to show that the man in custody there had not been out of city for months. H?t Gurdi Satisfied that the supposed madman is still Within the city limits and undaunted by the lack of definite clues as to his immediate capture, members of the Home Defense I.eague last night refused to modify in the designated for six months. (Five of them, the President remains a part) are to meet to watch, to discuss and to deliberate and to see everything:. The*e members should be endowed with the general power of a continual inquiry. Their duty would be to make the governments of all countries keep watch and give warning when there is a possible cause for trouble through budding political conflicts. It would be be for them to inform the court, and summon before it the countries mak ing conflicting demands. Thus, there will be two phases of the prospective work: 1?Reconciliation after investigation by the permanent officials of the So ciety of Nations; 2?If reconciliation/fails, the convo cation of the court and the rendering of judgment. Equality with labor is the basis of modern justice, whether private rights or international rights are involved. However, for reasons which I shall indicate. I do not believe I am vio lating the principles of equality by supplementing thte view by another. It is unthinkable, in my opinion, that the destiniees of the majority ahould rest in the hands of the small States, which would inevitably happen be cause of the large number of smaller nations within the league. Indeed. I protest once more against the fafre conception which would com pare the supreme court of nations to a law court. The ?upreme court has not this character?or it has not the ch?racter alone. The judge is disinterested in the conflict in which he passes upon and should not concern himself with the repercussion of his judgment upon. He effaces himself. The nations in the proposed supreme court will not only Judge, but execute their own sentences and. if resisted. will exact their own penaltites. They will be at once judges and constables. Now. if a nation which refuse to submit to the league's judgment, thua endangering the international public order. can be intimidated, it will not be by the penalties that are to be de creed, but because the nation will know that those penalties will be enforced, partlculaly by the great powers. It will be because Amen k** H.ritain' Japan and France by their commercial. military, and naval prestige, will exert pressure on the rebellfnsr nation, and sooner or later force its submission. ??reat *atlona* Influence. Hence It is justice that this for midable machinery of imposing and exacting penalties should not fee *t*?t?d. exoept by a court in which Ine majority belongs by fundamen tal right to the great powers. It U posaiblc. for example, to de cide that the court will be instituted by the five gr^at powers, each bar | Ing two votes, which would make I ten. and six small States, c^-h hav I ing one. m^kin^ six. | The President s vote would be de cisive in case of a tie. least degree their searching parties working in unison with polic? offi cials and the military- *ruards , Secretary Harry Allmond, of the | Home Defense League, last night said | that Maj. Pullman, superintendent of police, had expressed his appreciation | of the assistance which memberes of i , e lew cue have rendered during the la-??t flve nights. "I hare been requested to ask afl members of the league." said Sec retary Allmond. "to patrol their own neigh bo rhood.s during the evenings up midnight, when the full regular force comes on." RISE IN COTTON PRICES FORESEEN BY SOLONS Cut in Ocean Freight Rates Expect ed to Aid Planters. A rise of at least 3 cents a pound In cotton prices was predicted yesterday by cotton States Sen atoi-s. following a conference with the Shipping Board, as a result of which ?h*rp reductions were made in ocean ri eight rates on cotton. The rate was cut from tK.5? a bale to J6.50 from pouth Atlantic ports, and from $23.50 to 17.50 from Gulf ports. "This reduction means that foreign buyers *rlll be able to pay a higher price for cotton because they will pay lower freight." said Senator Pol lock, South Carolina. Gobi Sure Did Things To Mrs. Astor's Cake New York, Jan. 2S.-It strictly was not "the kind that mother used to bake." but about 300 cobs and buddies sure did things to that cake The culinary masterpiec,. was serv ed at the Y. M. C. A. Victory Hut m Battery Park, over which M re. Vincent Astor presides. ft weighed ?**> Pounds, as follows One hundred and two egg?; *i?ty pounds of raisins, twenty-four pouni's r?n; fiIteer< pounds of currants; thirty ounces of mixed spices; and three-fourths of i gallon of brandy. Unnamed German Woman To Seek Aid of Italy. Rome, Jan. 28?The Tribuna an noHnced today that Hungary has appointed an unnamed woman as a special ambassador to visit Rome on a special mission "to interest Italy In the task of saving Hungary from invasion by the Czechs and Rumanians." Mme. Rosika Schwimmer. member or the Ford peace expedition, was until recently Hungarian ambassa ?h.F,'k SWltI"J"land U ,g e???IMe that she may be the woman referred Would Bu "Frati" by Law Y" J,n- 28-ImrWal ity card playing and indifference to if?*le,1d byVGreek letter fraternities in high schools, accord ing to Assemblyman _ Nicholas V ,Th0 ,tas a bi" to <?nend V", Ration law by hannlng the societies. Franchot said he had been asked by superintendents of ed ucation in a number of citica to pre aent such a bill. WIRE CONTROL BYU.S.TOEND DECEMBER 31 House Postoffice Commit tee Agrees on Joint Reso lution; Cables Not Mentioned. DENY BURLESON PLAN Postmaster Wanted Control to Extend Until December, 1920; Companies Protest The date for turning back the tele graph and telephone systems to their private owners was fixed at Decem ber 31. 1919, In a joint resolution agreed on by the House Postothce Committee yesterday. Chairman Moon was directed to request a rule for immediate consideration of the meas ure in the House. This action was taken following a statement to the committee by Post master General Burleson, who sug gested that the date be fixed at De cember>31, 1930. This extension, he said, had been suggested by a Min nesota telephone company and also by Theodore N. Vail, president of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Democrat!* in Oppoaitiea. Denial of the Postmaster General's request was made possible by three Democrats lining up with the Repub lican members of the committee. The amendment fixing the 1919 date was offered by Representative Bell, Demo crat. of Georgia. The vote was 10 to 3. three Democrats and seven Re publicans voting for It, and seven Democrats and one Prohibitionist against. There was no roll-call on final adop tion of the resolution in amended form. The only fight came on the Bell amendment. Advocates of the Postmaster General's plan opposed the Bell amendment because they wished to extend the period of goverri jrient control a year longer. After the adoption of the Bell provision, how ever, there was no hope for the two year extension, and no effort was made to bring it up. - fUS&i The resolution reads as ft "Resolved by the Senate a 1 Ho?iM of Representatives of the States of America, in ('ongreek as**?v'i bled, that as an auxiliary to.(fe? p&sM' system, the government c^Hrol* i possess of the telephone an^xele^ | system of the United Sta Isting bS1 vlrtife of thr- join^- T< of Congress iau/1 July 1^ J*'V the proclamation of the V? CONTIVUED OS PAG 5 **"' Hun Owners Prefer War To Ship Loss But People of Berlin Are Willing to Surrender Mer chant Fleet for Food. By I nfvernal Seryier and London Dally Kxpre*". Amsterdam, Jan, 28.?War. rather than give up the German merchant fleet to the allies, is the cry of sev eral German newspapers Just receiv ed here. The papers, all of them under the influence of Hamburg. Bremen and Cuxhaven shipping magnate?, de clare that rather than surrender the ships, as provided in the terms of the renewed armistice, they prefer to upset the present German government and break up the National Assem bly. As a last resort, they are ready even to resume the war. But the people of Berlin and other | centers in Germany are of a differ ent view. They want food quickly, and don't care whether it is carried in German ships or others. Reports J received here indicate that the food [situation in Germany is serious. Kills Self As Husband Dies in War Former Miu Pack wood, of Florida. Had Secretly Married Army Officer. New York. Jan. 28.?A love tragedy of the great war walk written Into the record* of Bergen County, New Jer sey. tonight, when the body of the richly-gowned woman found In the ragged edge of the Palisade*, was Identified as the widow of a major in the United States army who had died in France. The woman was formerly Miss Axeele Packwood. aged 34. of Tampa. Florida, daughter of a wealthy re tired merchant of that city, according to an announcement made by the Ber gen County authorities. They are sat isfied that she committed suicide. Identification was made by Mrs. Brad ford Ellsworth. a close personal friend. The name of the husband of | the dead woman was not made public. It is said her marriage, which oc curred just before her husband sailed for France, was concealed from her father and friends. The dead wo -nan had been despon-' dent since being notified by the War 1 ?epartment last October of the death of her husband in France, according to her friends. She threatened to com mit suicide in such a manner that her j identity would never be established, they say. Following an autopsy. County Phy sician Ogden announced that the wom an had been asphyxiated by the fum*s of ether or chloroform. ASSERTS BAKER WAS AT FAULT Senator Overman Declares Secretary Doesn't Know Personnel of Dept. That Secretary of War Baker evi dently has not familiarized himself with the personnel of his department or with the work that is being done by the military intelligence service. lotd the t tier-* t ? [ Son*! o' t" S i r *r.s~ V '? i j ? -'*? u - ((Jrvr-^pn. ) c w I methods of the committee or not is I of no concern to the committee, he J declared, "but when he undertakes to i repudiate and escape responsibility for a witness called at the instance ' of one of the branches of the War Department his statement cannot be I permitted to go unchallenged." I In corroboration of his statement I Senator Overman produced a letter I from Capt. John B. Trevor, of the New York branch of the Military ln j telligence Service, ssking that Ste , venson be summoned as a witness I and declaring him to be connected j with that office. The letter was sent to the com j niittee with a slip attached with the 1 word "Rush."' The Secretary of War should have made some investigation of his department." Senator Overman de clared. -before he made the state I ments he did.** J REDS BURN AND SLAY IN TOWN ALLIES QUIT 300 Shenkursk Refugees Saved by Eniente-U. S. Army. Allied-American evacuation of Shen kursk was successfully completed alon? with rescue of supplies and WO civilian refugee*. Consul Poole at Archangel cabled the State I Apart ment yesterday. He also sent an un confirmed report that the Bolshevik revolutionaries had destroyed part of the town and murdered many of the inhabitants. Capture of Kovno and Libau. a Baltic port, by the Bolshevlkl, was re ported from Lithuanian sourcea. Harvard Society Dines, Elects, Hears War Tales Samuel E. Winslow Renamed President?Vet eran of Gallipoli and Second Marne Tells Stories of Conflicts. One hundred and fifty Harvard graduates, one-third of them in the uniform of tke army and navy, sat dewn last night at Rauscher's to the first after-war dinner of the Washington Harvard Club and in two minutes elected officers for the coming year. Representative Samuel E. Wins low, of Massachusetts, founder of the first Harvard baseball team, which /licked everything in sight," was re-elected president without a single dissenting vote. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, also of the Bay State, though not pres ent, was elected first vice president. Howard Elliott, president of the New York. New Haven and Hartford Railroad, now serving with the Federal Railroad Administration, also was elected a vice president, along with former Attorney General of the United States and Charles Warren, Representative F. W. Dal linger. Pickering Dodge was re elected treasurer, and Maj. John W. Davidge. U. S. A., secretary, was re-elected. Gallipoll Hero Speaker. President Winslow, acting as "toast masfter general." introduced as guests of the evening Lieut. John Gallishaw. a veteran of the Gallipoll campaign, and later-of The second bauio ot the . Marne: Prof. Moore, professor of lAtin atHarvard. and Gen. S. T. An sell. U. S. A j Prof. Moore, the first of the speak I era. told of the work done by Har i \ard 1'nivprnity during the days preceded the entry of the United | States into the war. I He proudly admitted that even be | fore America entered the conflict cer j tain of Harvard'!* student* manifest j ed an "un-neutral attitude." which 1 resulted in the formation of a Har I vard regiment composed of young I men who ''understood the earlier 1 phases of the war." ' Finally, Prof. Moore s&id. the Platts burg idea was started and carried out j In the most efficient manner. The first ; Harvard regiment made its appear 1 a nee In 1915. nearly two years before America entered the war. l^ater when the United States accepted the Ger man challenge, Ueut. Stephen I^aus sam*. publisher of the Paris Matin. Prof. Moore stated, rendered valua ble aid to the students army training corps and taught them the science which they in turn passed to others. Prof. Moore paid glowing tribute to the earnestness of Hip Wench and British Instructors who visited Har vard to irain its student officers. Every man who was physically At CONTINUED ON PAG* TWO. Committee Approves Bur nett Measure to Protect Workers of Nation. CANADIANS EXEMPTED Also Natives of Newfound land, Mexico and Cuba; Other Provisions. Alien* will be barred from tha United State* for four years. If Con - gresK passe* the Burnett bill whleH the Hotiae Immigration Committer yesterday voted to report out. Representative Burnett. I>emocrnt. of Alabama, author of the bill s.nd chairman of the committee, say* lie had been directed to apply to the Rules Committee for a special ruU for Immediate consideration for tba measure. He will brine the matter to the attention of the Rules Com mittee as soon as the bill Is print ed. within a few day? ( anadiaaa Taafferled. Chairman Burnett declined to make public the on the adop tion of the four-year term, but ?ald it was a "substantial majority. It was learned from other member? of the committee that the vote wam unanimous, but that several mem ber* were absent. Mr Burnett s*1? a minority report would be filed The most important amendment ajrreed to by the committee eiclude* Canada. Newfoundland. Mexico an<l Cuba from the operation of the pro posed law This means that Inami grants from those countrtas admis sible under existing laws, may con tinue to come in. Mr. L<ufkin pro posed this amendment. The chief argument in f&vor of th? bill, >accordinc to Chairman Burnett, is that exclusion of immigrants in necessary to safeguard the labor ?tt uation In America. The already growing danger of widespread un employment In this country, propon ents of the messunc fsel. will be. greatly aggravated if the bars srw let down and cheap foreign labor permitted to come in and compel* with the workers here. ortuxHae* U? i?c'4Hi.ag lavnr of tWa !*n?*.ilr" of ??-.??!?<? of u^.a *r?"v ir t' vnstrs^ -eti itr. ?rjw*nc.-d V J* t*"^CI, M ? > w?* v ?*?. ?? [contended with, but If the damrerou* elonv nt of Kuropesn countries Is I miued to flock here, the boli-hevtfcj 1 spirit will assume such proportw?? as will confront the administration; 1 with a critical condition. When these ??ndition* arr pro 1 sentod to the members of Congreem, Mr Burnett said. It is believed thai the bill will be pnssed wtfhout sen-* ous delay. _ "Suppose President Wilson sh'?ul<l veto the bilir- he was asked. ?"Well. I confidently believe wo will have an ample number of porters to pass it over his veto, it should be necessary." was the re* | ply. 1.1*1 ?( Exempted Peraaas Those Who will not be barred ar<* \ persons seeking asylum from reli-a i gious persecution, aliens who hav^ served in the military forces of thaj ! Vnited States and the allies, anfl skilled labor, the importation ofl , which is permitted under previous 1 legislation. I a section add?'d to the bill r* | tends to all merchant ships the law . providing penalties for ships having" aboard seamen with contagious dis eases. . Thia law applies only lqi passenger vessels now. Anv alien barred under this bill who "lands in this country will ?><? deported. LOYAL GERMANS HAIL WILHELM'S BIRTHDAY* Greetings from Press and Peopl? Declare for Monarchy. I London, Jan ? -One influential Ber | lin newspaper st least is 'true^ to j William Hohenxollern. It is CounC Ernst Zu Reventiow s TVutache Tages Zeitung. which, writing on the occa sion of the former Kslsrr*s birthday I says, according to the Berlin corre I spondent of the Evening News: "We confront the present govern m*yit with unshakable belief in Ka4 1 sHrism and the empire We hoid firm. , to the emperor and will do every thing In our power to prevent his surrender i to the Implacable enemy. ^ e look forward to the day when the Kaiser jwill be restored." j The German People's party birthday greeting to Count Hohenxol i lern. saying: j "Millions of Germans reverence th? , monarchists idea and will repel ever** 'unworthy estrangement from the high ? ideal of German Kaiserdom and Prus j sian kingship." The former Kaiser whs showered with l?irthda> gifts, whole rooms at, Amerongen Castle being filled wltfcl ' presents. New Yorkers Unworthy to Greet Soldiers, Claim Harrisburg. Pa., Jan. 2ft.?Alleged| i unpatriotic utterances during the I war of members of the soldiers* re ception committee, appointed by ' Mayor Hylan. of New York, is give*, as one reason why soldiers shouKf. 1 disembark at Philadelphia, in a res? j olution introduced in the Senate to day by Senator Woodward. Philadel ! pl'ia. President Wilson is urged tm I change the dlsembsrkstion order. O'Neill, A?eric*? Act, Dead. Nogales. Aria., Jan. 2S.v-Lieut, I Ralph O'Neill. American flying ace. ' ha* been killed in France id an air plane fall, according to a cablegram received by his father. L R. O'Neill, of tbis cllJV % O'Neill had ieceived all honors and decoration* pc?sibl< for an Ameri? can aviator to achieve.