Newspaper Page Text
Campbell Hard, the Worth and Sout Today?Rain and colder. Tomor row?Fair and colder. Ml Cheat temperature yesterday. M: lowest. 44. THE WASHINGTON HERALD TO COMHtBW: WUl 700 (At* a MtIu aaft llflll 7*1 il era. la afcm tiaad* Maa tfca tlon of tmr roatb? NO. 4495 WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1919. ONE CENT ft.Z'r."V," 7* Wilson Reads League Draft to Envoys; . Ends Secret Treaties, Plans tor New; No Provision tor Policing the World It Was Great Day for r World; Great Day for America; Most Triumphal Day of Woodrow Wilson's Life," Is Summing Up of Event PRESIDENT TO CALL FIRST GREAT SESSION Agreement on Covenants Credited Generally to Diplomacy and Persist ence of President in Face of Lack of Confidence Displayed by Some of k European Supporters. Paris, Feb- 14.?Woodrow Wil-| son scored the greatest triumph I of his career today when he read | before a plenary session of the | Peace Conference the full draft! of the society of nations covenant. In a sense, Mr. Wilson snatch ed victory out of the jaws of de feat, for only seventy-two hours ago there seemed to be an un bridgablc eleavage between the peacc makers. Overnight, almost, by the sheer force of his personality and diplo matic skill in mediating apparent ly irreconcilable differences, the American President turned the1 darkest and most threatening phase of the world's peace con gress into the brightest dawn in the history of mankind. It was a great day for the! world. It was a wonderful day for America. It was the trium phal day of Woodrow Wilson's life. L-et there be clearness on this point: | The momentous document which Mr. I Wilson read before the assembled pol iticians of the allied and associated) government* today Is not a Wllsonian document: these twenty-six articles are not "twenty-B* Wilson points " ?They are not the ,artlcle of a cov? "? >? trying to Jam down the throats of the world's nations. 1 VTMlt of Colonial Efforts. On the contrary the full draft a* read by him constitutes a compen dium Of the conclusions reached by the best brains of many scores of men after colossal labor that began away! back in the darkest days of the war I There Is nothing "Wllaonian" about this document and the league is not a Wilson league But what is Wil sonian. and typically and solely so, is the fact that It ever saw the light of day and that It ever forced Its way into a plenary peace conference ses ? Stead ?f b*",nK Pigeon-holed or killed In one of the many and inter minable committee sittings. The plan for the league, therefore I* ? plan' but ,he achievement, w.?*. America's chief executive, lie Is its pilot. Knew He Wouldn't Radge. Embryonic drafts of the league were ready even before President! Wilson left America's shores to| come to Europe and "see it through." It is no secret that even some of the sponsors of some of the original schemes for a league were oot over-enthusiastic or ovej-con-1 CONTINUED ON PAfJE FIVE "DEMOCRACY ONE GERMAN HOPE' Cannot Otherwise Exist,! Ebert Asserts; Food Is Scarce, He Says. Weimar Feb. M. ? "Germany must be democratic or ?he cannot exist; Germany must be free or she cannot exist." Kreldrlch Ebert. Germany's first president thus summed up the sit uation confronting the new repub lic. in an interview with foreign correspondents. He said the new I government, in repairing the rav ages of Ave vears or warfare, must be helped rather than hampered by ^>th*r nations, and that every ob* pstarle placed in Germany's path to rehabilitation will have Its effect on civilization at large. President Ebert reiterated his re cent announcement that the pres ent German army will be completely demobilized and reorganized on the basis of short term conscription similar to the Swiss system. Bernstorff Left Oat. He said the German delegation to the Peace Conference will be small anil gave assurance that Count Von Bernstorff will not be one of the members. He said the delegates ?are going to Versailles with very deBnite ideas and instructions re garding the league of naticnV Ebert referred to the Spartacan troubles as "unfortunate." "Owing to non-employment and the food shortage there Is still dan ger from the Spartacans." he said. " We have only enough bread for the workers and even they have rot enough meat. We can get food stuffs from America, but the con ditions are hard. We must pay in gold and foreign securities. We haven't enough of them. We ar? i.ad.v to pay anything within rca " a* won as we can resume in dustry and commerce on a normal basis." GIST OF LEAGUE PROVISIONS L Administration shall be in the hands of a body of delegates, an executive rouncil and a permanent secretariat. Each member nation shall have one vote in the body of delegates. I he execu tive council shall consist of representatives of the United States, Great Britain, France", Italy and Japan, with four representatives of other states to be selected by the body of delegates. MEMBERSHIP. Nonmember nations, upon giving guarantees of their inten tion to observe the league's laws, shall be admitted to membership upon two-thirds vote of the member nations. PRESERVATION. Members are required to submit disputes to the executive i council, which may refer problems to an international court of jus | tice. The award will be made within six months, and disputants | are bound not to resort to war for at least three months after that. DISARMAMENT. Executive council shall formulate plans for reduction of arma ments to lowest point consistent with national jafety. Private manufacture of war materials prohibited. COLONIES. German colonies in the Pacific and Africa shall be placed un der protectorates of n'ations best suited politically and geographic ' ally to administer them. TURKISH TERRITORIES. Certain former Turkish territories shall be given benefit of protectorates on basis of self-determination.- ! LABOR REFORMS. Permanent bureau of labor shall be established to secure and maintain fair and humane conditions of labor in member nations. FREEDOM OF THE SEAS. League shall secure and maintain freedom of transit and equi table treatment for commerce of all member nations. SECRET TREATIES. All previous obligations entered into by member nations, in consistent with the laws of the league, are abrogated. Future treaties must be filed with international bureau of general treaties and given full publicity. OFFICIAL TEXT OF DRAFT OF SOCIETY OF NATIONS Paris, Feb. 14 ?Following is the official text of the draft of the society of nations, as read by President Wilson this after noon at the plenary session of the preliminary Peace Confer ence at the Quai d'Orsay: COVENANT HreamHfr*fht prjti? t? promote international co-operation and | to secure international peace and security by the acceptance of obli gations not to resort to war, by the prescription of open, just and honorable relations between nations, by the firm establishment of the understandings of international law as the actual rule of conduct among governments, and by the maintenance of justice and a scrupu lous respect for all treaty obligations in the dealings of organized people with one another, the powers signatory to this covenant adopt this constitution of the league of nations: Article I. "The action of the high contract ing parties under the terms of this covenant shall be effected through the instrumentality of a meeting of a body of delegates representing the high contracting parties, of meetings at more frequent intervals of an exe<!%tive council, and of a permanent International secretariat to be established at the seat of the league. Article II. "Meetings of the body of delegates shall be held at stated intervals and from time to time as occasion may require for the purpose of dealing with matter* within the sphere of action of the league. Meetings of the body of delegates shall be held at the seat of the league or at such other places as may be found con venient and shall consist of repre sentatives of the high contracting parties. Each of the high contract ing parties shall have one vote, but may have not more than three rep resentatives. Article III. "The executive council shall con sist of representatives of the United States of America, the British Em pire, France, Italy and Japan, to gether with representatives of four' j other states, members of the league. The selection of these four states I shall be made by the body of dele-j | gates on such principles and In such I manner as they think fit. Pending the appointment of these represen tatives of the other states, repre sentative of (blank left for names) shall be members of the executive council. "Meetings of the council shall be held from time to time as occasion may require and at least once a year at whatever place may be de cided on. or failing any sueb de cision. at the seat of the league, and any matter within the sphere of action of the league or affecting the peace of the world may be dealt with at such meetings. "Invitations shaft be sent to any power to attend a meeting of the council at which such matters di rectly affecting its interests are to be discussed and no decision taken at any meeting will be binding on such powers unless so invited. Article IV. "All matters of procedure at meet ings of the body of delegates or the executive council including the ap pointment of committees to investi gate particular matters shail be reg ulated by the body of delegates or the executive council and may be decided by a majority of the states^ represent ed at the meeting. "The first meeting of the tyody of delegates and the executive council shall be summoned by the President of the United States of America. Article V. '"The permanent secretariat of the league shall be established at (blank), which shall constitute the seat of the league. The secretariat shall com prise such secretaries and staff as may be required, under the general direction and control of a secretary general of the league, who shall be chosen by the executive council; the secretariat shall be appointed by the secretary general subject to confirma tion by the executive council. "The secretary general shall act in that capacity at all meetings of th? body of delegates or of the executive council. "The expenses of the secretariat shall be borne by the states membei-s of the league in accordance with the apportionment of the expenses of the International Bureau of the Universal ! Postal Union. Article VI. "Representatives of the high con- ? I trading parties and officials of the | league when engaged in the business of the league shall enjoy diplomatic CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE. SOVIET LEADER TAKEN IN BERLIN Karl Radek, Captured by I Regiment, Planned Bol shevik Revolution. Berlin, Feb. 14.?Karl Radek, Rus sian Bolshevist agitator, who tried to step into Liebkriecht's shoes, has been arrested. For months he ha.l eluded a nation-wide police dragnet by tricks of disguise arvi other ruses. With him in Moabit prison is his mysterious woman secretary who aspired to become the murdered Rosa Luxembourg's successor. A whole regiment was called out to make the arrest, which took place tit a mass meeting Radek was to address. To a couple of detectives who fin jally caught him goes the price of j 120,000 marks which the government had put on Radek's head. Only I I when they saw the game was really up did the two confess their Bol shevist mission and tonight the Berlin police are in possession of details of a plot to plunge Germany into a bath of civil warfare and make Lenine's dream of a "world revolution" a reality. The chief charge against Radek is that of having financed revolution ary movements both in Austria and Germany with Bolshevist money. The amount he is said to have dis bursed runs into millions, the police assert. Health of American Troops m Archangel Declared Excellent London. Feb. 14.?Only 4 per ?>nt | the American troops now serving 1b North Russia, have had to uo ' tue hospital, the war office's Archangel communique announced today. The genoral health of these troops is excel lent. Hospitals have already been completed which will take care of 20 per cent of the American and allied troops encased and these facilities are being rapidly increased. President Explains Several of Articles in Course of Reading and Afterwards Touches on Steps Leading Up tft Adoption of the Various Clauses. EXPLAINS WORKINGS OF WORLD TRIBUNAL Declares Harmony Pre vailed During Tedious Sessions at Which Vari ous Differences Were Ad justed?At No Time Were There Any Serious Ob stacles to Overcome. Paris, Feb. 14.?In reading the full draft of the society of na tions covenant President Wilson stopped several times to suggest, in an informal way, certain amendments or to elucidate arti cles either before or after he had read them. In the middle of Article XV he stopped to say: "I pause to point out that a misconception might arise in con nection with one of the sentences I have jtist read, 'if any party shall refuse so to comply, the council shall propose measures necessary to give effect to the recommendations."" Cl?e? Hryttkdlrai Cur. ,. * cf*c in Point?? purely hypo thetical case?is this: Suppose there is in the possession of the particular power a piece of terri tory or some other substantial thing- in dispute to which it is claimed that it is not entitled. "Suppose that the matter in sub mitted to the executive council for recommendation as to the settle ment of the dispute, diplomacy hav ing railed, and suppose that the de cision is In favor of the party which claims the subject matter of dispute as against the party that subJect matter !? dispute of Th** "*"7 i" possession I of the su bject matter in dispute merely sits still and does nothing it [has accepted the decision of the council m the sense that it makes Ee Ho- t.",Ce: but 8?mcthing must IT to " that 11 ?urren ders the subject matter in dispute. In such a case, the only case contemplated. It is provided that CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE fedemTUnTon FILES PROTEST Resolves Against Proposal to Abolish Promotions in District. Trotest against the proposed virtual abolition of promotions for employes of the Agriculture Department here, ia contained in a resolution denounc ing an amendment to the House ag ricultural apropriation bill, adopted at a meeting of the board of repre sentatives of the Federal Employes' r in f>erPetual Hall. Eleventh and C streets northwest. I last night. One hundred representatives of thou sands of governmental employes pass ed the resolution. .. ? Resolution Adopted. The resolution reads: "Whereas the agricultural appropriation bill, as pass ed by the House of Representatives contains an amendment virtually abolishing promotions for employes of the Department cf Agriculture In I Washington, and, I "Whereas, this is an unjusUflable |discrimination against these employes; I "Therefore, be it resolved. That I Federal Employes' T'nion. No. 2, protest against this provision, and that we respectfully urge the Sen ate Committee on Agriculture to eliminate It from the bill." Remove Tr?n*fcr It out rirt ion. Another protest against the' re striction on transfers from one de partment to another at an increased rate of pay, which was placed dur ing the war. was officially filed in another resolution adopted. The board indorsed the Smith Bankhead bill, providing for a Fed eral board of vocational education to assist the various States in the rehabilitation of their maimed vic tims in industry. REVOLT ENDS IN PORTUGAL Royalists Overthrown and Republic Restored. London. Feb. 14.?The Royalist government at Oporto and in North Portugal has been overthrown and the republic restored there, accord ing to a dispatch from Oporto to the Portuguese legation today. Paiva Conceiro. the Royalist leader, has been arrested. The counter revolution against the Oporto Royalist government lasted only an hour and a half, the dispatch stated. The people of Oporto backed by a Republican guard and the Ninth Regiment of Portuguese cavalry, succeeded in turning the Royalists out. S12.000.000FIRE SWEEPS PLANTS NEAR SAVANNAH High Wind Fans Flames to ! 200 Feet in Air and for Miles in Width. BLAZE IS UNCHECKED Cotton^ for Overseas, Tur pentine and Nitrates Are Among Products Burned. I Savannah, Ga.. Feb 14.?Fanned by a high wind, tire vu sweeping In dustrial plants on the South Carolina shore of the Savannah Rlver oppo site this city tonight. Savannah's fire department tonight reported the blaze beyond control. Cotton ready for overseas shipment valued at over $1,000,000, turpentine and nitrate and other overseas army supplies reaching a total of $12,000,u00 burned. The Seaboard Air Line Railway docks and terminal were burned to the ground, uhile the Southern Fer tilizer plant is endangered. The Southern Chemical Works are now in ashes. The eiitire Are department is at work tonight, but has been unsuc cessful in checking the wall of flames, which is 2&i) fet high and two miles in length. HURLEY TO SELL i WARTIME SHIPS Wooden, Composite and Smaller Steel Vessels to Be Put on Market. The Shipping Board yesterday announced that it is going to dis pose of more than 1.000.0UV tons of vessels built to meet the demands of war. The ships to be sold in clude 110 wooden vessels, of a total deadweight tonnage of 390,400, twelve composite ships of 44,500 tons, and a large number of the small steel cargo ships constructed to help supply the American army in France. The sale of these ships is to be one of the first steps in a broad constructive program, the object of which is to place the United States among the leading maritime nations j of the world. Other government I agencies are co-operating in the ef fort whtfch -taaw for its object the placing of American products, car I ried in American bottoms, in all the markets of the world. In disposing of the wooden, com posite and smaller steel vessels, the Shipping Board proposes to employ I the funds obtained from the sale \ for the construction of large steel ships designed especially for the character of trade?long voyage hauling?which American ships-will be called upon to perform. Already the designs for the type of ship considered most desirable have been agreed ujfcn and recom | mended by a committee headed by | James A. Farrell, and of which P. A. S. Franklin, of the International Mercantile Marine( is a member. This is a fast ship of great cargo capacity, of sufficient tonnage to withstand the battering of con tinued long voyages through the world. "BLACKMAIL," CRY OF HUNS i Armistice Terms Stir Up Big Howl in Berlin. Berlin, Feb. 14.?'The L<okal Anzeiger and Vorwaerts characterize the new armistice demands as "blackmail." "an effort to garrot German com mercial life." They declare that "no reconciliation can be affected in this way." Germany surrendered in the belief that she would get "Justice" through pressure of public opinion of the ' world. Chancellor Scheidemann de Iclared In an interview at Weimar, j "Germany laid down her arms, 'trusting* to President Wilson's justice land the public opinion of the world." I he said. jSTRIKlToUT PROVISION GIVING EMERGENCY PAY i If Action Stands Enlisted Men's Sal ary Will Revert to $15 a Month. The House yesterday struck out of the army appropriation bill the provision continuing the emergency pay of enlisted men. This action was taken on a point of order mad*? : by Representative Stafford. Repub lican, of Wisconsin. The effect of the House action. fY it stands, will put the soldiers' pay brick to 115 a month, instead of $30. which they were given during the war. Continuation of emergency pay for the enlisted men of the navy like wise was stricken from the naval appropriation bill when it was up in the House. France Gives Land to U. S. for Monument to Dead Premier Clemenceau has offered the United States on behalf of France, grounds for a monument to honor American dead. Secretary of War Baker answering tits offer yesterday said he would be glad to jjlscuss the matter as soon as Congress passes legislation for es tablishing a "field of honor" tn France. Langhorne Beauties' Father Dead. Aftbn, Va., Feb. 14.?Col. Chiswell Langhorne, father of the famous five Langhorne sisters, one of whom married Charles Dana Gibson, died at his home here tonight after a lingering illness WILSON HOPE OF SINN FEIN Await His Efforts in Parley Before Agitating. Dublin, Feb. 14.?The Sinn Feiners, while quietly conducting: organisation of the Iriah republic, axe awaiting the , result of their effort* to have Presi dent Wilson and the other peace dele- | : rates take up the Irish question be , fore renewing open republican agita tion. They still believe their prob ! lema will be taken up by the Peace I Conference. If this fails, however, ' they will feel their hands have been *t lengthened for whatever policy they I pursue In the future. It Is understood that Sinn Sein lead ers are drafting- plans for development oi Irish industries, resources, educa tion, labor, commerce and the hous ing problem, for presentation to ttve Irish parliament at Its next session. They hope thus to gain the support of the Irish L?abor Party. BRITISH BACK LEAGUE PLAN Has the Approval of People and Press in United Kingdom. London, Feb. 14.?"Satisfactory?it i will stop future wars.'' That is the unanimous approval qf the United Kingdom tonight of the text of the league of nations covenant published in the afternoon press. The newspapers are of the general opinion that the "dangerous dogma or , the freedom of the sea*" has been ton , ed down to the statement that the i league will secure and maintain the freedom of transit and equitable treat j ment of the commerce of all states, j "The full draft." says the Daily J Kxpress, "is pregnant with good for the peace and prosperity o^the world. Its modified form indicates that Wil son has learned a great deal since he came to Europe. J "It is a combined moral and actual j control of the nations of the world. A universal protector, defender and re J strainer of war. Any war In the fu : lure will be a war against all na j lions." i The Daily Mail says the draft "ret> | resents a noble rffort to achieve * . great ideal and has undoubtedly merri of rendering It immensely dangerous i for robber nations to leap upon their j neighbor*.** MARSHALL VOTE BEATS JOHNSON ARMY MOTION Vote a Tic, Vice President Ballots Against Calling Up Resolution. SHERMAN RAPS POLICY Declares U. S. Should Not Maintain Force in Russia Under Rule of Right. 1 Vice President Marshall cast the deciding vote, yesterday, that defeat ed the second effort of Senator John son. of California, to get before the Senate for consideration his resolu | tion calling for withdrawal of Ameri can troops from Russia. [ The vote came on a motion of Sen | ator Fletcher, of Florida, to table Senator Johnson's motion to call up his resolution. The vote on the motion to table was mr tie. 23 to S3, and the Vice President voted }o table. Three Republicans voted "aye" and four Democrats "no."* They were: Republicans?Nelson. of Minnesota; Sterling, of South Dakota, and Mc Cumber. of North Dakota. IVmo crnta?<""hambei1ain. of Oregon; Gore, of Oklahoma; Hardwick, of Georgia. | and Vardaman. of Mississippi. The tabled resolution was intro duced by Senator Johnson last week and reads. "Resolved, That in the opinion of the Senate soldiers of the I'nited States should be withdrawn from Russia as soon as practicable." ftbrrsnan In Hitler Attack. Senator Johnson, in a speech in the Senate Thursday, madf a bit ter attack on the administration for its Russian policy and particularly tor keeping soldiers in that coun try. A similar attack from the same side of the chamber came this aft t moon, in a speech by Senator Sherman, of Illinois, who declared that the United States could not maintain a force in Russia "under the rule of international right" and that such a policy as is being fol lowed there can "only be justified by brute force." He chargnd that. In principle, there wan little dif ference between allied intervention <"0 NTT NT"ED ON PAGE THREE U. S. Protests Sharply British Trade Tricks War Trade Board Take.- Action in Two Prac tices of England and Her Agents in Ef fort to Garner American Business. Sharp protest against practice}* of j Great Britain and her agents in relation to American commerce has , been made to the British govern | ment by the War Trade Board. Jn i' formation of two separate protest.? which the United States was forced to make to protect its foreign trade j was made public yesterday. Protest has been made against j the continued exercise by the Brit ish government, now that the war. to all intents and purposes, is over, of a cable censorship of messages sent by American business houses to importers in northern neutral nations. This censorship, it Is pointed out. not only enables th?* British to determine exactly what business American houses are do ing and have in prospect, thus giv ing them a complete line on our trade with the countries in ques tion. but serves to delay the AmTi I can cable messages. Instances of delays of as much I as ten days have been reported to the War Trade Board, causing ~reat inconvenience to the American BILL PROVIDES FOR INVENTION John Hays Hammond Plans to Control Boats and Torpedoes by Wireless. j i_ The fortillcations bill, carrying $11. 19H.291, was rei?orted to the House yesterday by the Appropriations Com mittee. The $417,000 appropriated in the lfltf bill to buy the John Hays Hammond invention of controlling boats and torpedoes by wireless is made avail able in the bill reported yesterday to further experiment with the Ham mond invention. Hearings on the bill reveal that the Hammond Invention was entirely suc cessful in controlling by wireless sur face boats laden with explosives. Hammond and a board of army and navy officers also believe that a submarine torpedo can be so con i trolled from the shore or from an j airplane, providing it has antennae I above the surface of the water. Hammond has not yet been suc cessful in controlling by wireless a torpedo entirely submerged. Strife Among Troops Breaks Hun Offensive Berlin, Feb. 14.?The German drive against Poland in the Bromhurg j region broke down because of po- > litical strife among the troops, itj was learned today. One company j was almost annihilated by the Poles. ! <2,500,000 for Pake*. Rome. Feb. 14.?A comiriittee wps j organised today to raise $2,500,000 to purchase Prince Salvati's palace and transform it into a home for the Italian-Amcrican Society and a club for transient Americans. houses and their customer*, w ho naturally, should delays continue, would be inclined to deal with houses where there would not be so much time lost in communicating?fn other words, with British houses. Ply <>anr in \>w ) *rk The board has protested also against the practice of British in telligence officers secretly question ing passengers on liners docking at New York. and other important American ports. The greatest num ber of protests have come as a re sult of the British practices at New York. It is pointed out that during the war American and British intel ligence officers worked together un der war acreement to keep German agents out of the country. A close watch was kept on incoming ves sels and every passenger was sub jected to thorough examination. With the signing of the armistice a large number of purchasing agents, for foreign governments and importers began to come to Amer ica. their pockets filled with order* for materials to replenish the empty shelves of Europe. Although there was no particular reason for their work after hostilities had ceased the British insisted on continuing their policy of questioning pas sengers on incoming vessels. Only, instead of doing it before American officers, they began to interrogate passengers secretly. | This practice was directed es pecially against commercial men. it I is said, and the object was to de j termine matters of intere st to Brit I ish commercial houses. Protest against the British meth jods of cable censorship was made I direct to the foreign office at I/>n don by Vance McOormick. chairman I of the War Trade Board. Hark) to Mrrt < ?!?. ! A definite policy was declared ves | terday by Kdw&rd N. Hurley, chair man of the ShippingBoard. in regard io shipping rates which the British have j been slashing in every direction for I the last three weeks in a determined efT<?rt to regain the great ocean carry I ing trade she possessed before the | war. | Mr. Hurley, speaking for the new I American merchant marine built up j by this government during the war. I said: "We will meet all reductions in (ocean freight rates. We are not *o | ing tc cut under, but we are de termined that the American shippers jand exporters shall have the same advantages as those of other nations. "I don't think the British are going to cut so low that they're going to lose money. We can stand it If they j can." Tetr&zzini Gets Medal for Red Cross Services L Rome, Feb. 14.?Gen. Brezzi. sec retary of the Italian Red Cross, has I awarded a gold medal to Madam-* iTetraxxini, prima donna, in recog nition of her services in behalf of the organixation. Anti-Germaa Rioti ia Vieim Berne, Feb. li?Anti-German mani festations in Vienna were reported in dispatches received from that city to day. HARSH RULINGS AT ARMY TRIALS AROUSE SENATE Searching lunitinbw of Charres of BORAH ASKS ACTIO# Chamberlain to CaB ? Department for M of Oficers RespouUt Senator Chamberlain. the Senate Military Affairs tee, > ?a teed ay uiared the Senate tha.' every effort would be made by ha* committer to ^get tbr namw of arm* officer? responsible for tmpoedtk>c of Crossly excesslve sentences by nil - tary courts-martial. That the temper of the Senate is such a? to Insist upon s most search - Ing investigation of charges of gr?r?* violations of right snd Justice Is Im position of excessive sentence* by army court* martial was apparent yesterday during the brief time th* matter wss under discussion on th* floor Senator Borah, of Idaho, brought the matter to the attention of thr Senste by ssking the Military Aflfsir* Committee to get the name* of the responsible officers: Chairman Cham berlain promised to make the effort today and will call upon the War De partment for the list. Ri( Jab. He T%lska. "But.* he raid later. "it is pomg to be s big job." Seribtor Norris. of Nebrasks. ssk "d if new*psf>er articles of vester dsv morning correctly portrayed the testimony given before tk? Military Affsirs committee Thur dsy. by Gen. Ansell. acting judge advocate general, as to outrage? comj>laned of. Senator Knox, of Pennsylvania. who heard the tes timony. replied that they were nm exaggerated. Senator Norris sskee to have one of the accounts read, and it was accordingly entered is the record, deapite the protest of iSenator Fletcher, of Florida, chair man of the Commerce Committee The latter objected to the reading becsuse he did not wish to lay j aside the rivers and harbors bill then under consideration. "Of course, it Is much more In- J portant to improve rivers and bar bora than it is to get our boys out of prison.' said Senator Moms, of New Hampshire. Senator Fletcher replied: ~T think It hardly fair to pot one side of this controversy vnfes record snd have the American people preji?4i?.*ed the case Oea Crowder is the chief, snd ft seems to me 4s he Igirer to wait until be makes hie statement. "I do hot regard the differences of opinions between Gen Ansel, and Gen. Crowder upon the sppei ? late jurisdiction or the Tight to re vise by the judge advocate gen erals office as at all involved in this msttcr. Gen. Crowder'a con struction of the Isw did not pro cure excessive and barbarous sen tences which were imposed upon our men in France or in thie * country. Purely qaration ?f Law "The whole question is whether these excessive sentences can be reviewed Thst la purely and sim ply a question of lew. The fact is | that they were reviewed, snd in sll of those various extreme cases the OONT1KUBD OW PAG* 811. ENVOY SHARP RESIGNS POST Ambassador Informed the President Dec. 19; Wilson Accepts on Dec. 21. . William G. Sharp. American Am* 1 bassador to France., has r? signed. * land President Wilson in Paris has accepted his resignation, which be comes effective upon the qualifica tion of his successor. The resignation is dated Decem | bcr 19. 1818 and the acceptance De cember 21. The correspondence ws? | made public st the White Houm last night. The letter of resignation by Mr 1 Sharp discloses that he tendered hi: j resignation soon after the signing of the srmistice. requesting th*t he be relieved early thie year. At thel | time it sppears thst he was per suaded to continue in his post. al though his heslth snd business af fair.* made it desirsble thst he glv* up his work in Psris. ! He renewed his request December If, j In his letter he ssid. "All through a j period of unusually trying condition*-. | into which the events of a century j seem to have crowded. I have deeply sppreciated the constant support of jour government st Washington Tour j own great part in shaping the destiny | of these far-reaching events hss given ! a new importance, one already aecreed to be permanent, to American diplo I macy abroad, and I must express te you my grateful recognition of the aid ' which it has brought to me in meeting j the problems of the work of this em I bassy. It has been such as to make ' Americans hold higher their heads j in just pride of their country.** 1 President Wilson's reply written m ! Paris December 21. follows in part: | "In view of what you have so fully j explained to me with regard to the ? circumstances which mske you feel n | your duty to retire from your present | post and give your close personal at 1 tention to business affairs which de I pend upon you. I cannot in conscience refuse to accept your resignation as Ambassador of the United States te the government of Franoe. and I do , so with the understanding that the j resignstion is to take effect wher ? your successor qualifies "I am sincerely obliged to yen that j you are willing to make rtMs arrange . ment and to remain in France until your successor can actually take rent | place "