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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, February 16, 1919, Image 1

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THE WEATHER:
Today?U mettled ; somewhat
colder. Tomorrow?Fair,
Highest temperature yesterday,
4?; lowest, 40.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
NO. 4496
WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1919.
THREE CENTS
WILSON LEA VES FOR HOME,
CONFIDENT PEACE TREATY
WILL BE SIGNED NEXT JUNE
President Sails From Brest,
Confident That Biggest
Part of Peace Program
Was Accomplished in
Completion of the Society.
WILL TAKE PEOPLE
INTO CONFIDENCE
Landing in Boston, Prob
ably Feb. 24, He Will Be
gin Publicity Campaign in
Behalf of League by First
Direct Appeal to Nation.
(By United I'rts&i
Br*st. Feb. 15.?President Wilson
1 is on his way home tonight pre
pared to devote his brief furlough
from the Peace Conference to con
( sideration of both national and in- i
ternal problems.
Simultaneously with the opening I
of his campaign to win popular I
.-upport for the league of nations,' j
he will set in motion machinery to I
stabilize tb#? economic situation in I
the United States and eliminate the
Reeling of uncertainty regarding I
the immediate industrial future. He J
already has under consideration)
plans for insuring employment for
ieturning soldiers.
Busy Urogram Ahead.
The President probably will,have I
less than a month at his disposal
before his return to Paris. Into that
period he will crowd a program that
ordinarily would be spread over
several months.
It is understood he plans to start j
back in March. He feels that the I
biggest part of the peace settle- J
ment was accomplished in comple
tion of the Society of Nations con- J
stitution and that other problems I
will be disposed of with compara
tive dispatch, owing to the fact |
that many of the details already
have been threshed out by the va- |
1 ious special committees.
It can be Muted that the Pre*!- ?
dent in confident the peaee treaty
*?ill be completed and nijcned early
in Jane.
The George Washington will pro- '
?-e*?d direct to Boston, where th?
President plans to open his league I
of nations drive with a public atf- I
dress. He has also cabled Secre
tary Tumulty to meet him there so i
k that conferences may be planned I
W viu Congressional l?adej*s at once. I
He will go from Boston to Wash-j
ington without any stops en route.
V His plans for formal presentation
of the league constitution to Con- I
gress are understood to still be in 1
the formative stage, but it is con
sidered certain that he will read
the draft before a joint session .of
the two houses.
I??ty Devolve* on All.
The entire American peace delega
tion feels that every power must de
vote the closest attention to the eco
nomic phase of the league of
and must co-operate in
the dangerous situation exist^P^ft
many countries, whether theie Is
any direct danger to their own
country or not. The President is
confident that this co-operation will
CONTINUED ON I'AOE EIGHT.
EDITORS HAIL
NEW ERA BIRTH
French, British and Ameri
' can Papers Generally
Approve League.
Pane, Feb. 15.?French editorial
opinion, with one or two exceptions,
turned unequivocahiy to President
Wilson, following publication of the
covenants of the society of nations.
Kvcry newspaper here today devotes
the entire first page to the league or
nations. I,e Matin has a picture of
the rising sun with a "streamer"read
ing "Pact of a New World.*'
"Magnificent dream becomes real
ity" is the cross-page headline in the
Petit Parfeien. which has been vio
lently opposing the league idea. It
now calls Mr. Wilson "the apostle of
international friendship and prophet
of world peace."
Opponent ( hange? Front.
Taking his text from Mr. Wil
son's letter to the French Society of
Nations Commission. Alfred Capus.
editor of I^e Figaro, who hitherto
has been trying to puncture the
Wilson ideas with subtle sarcasm,
today admits that the President is
the more a disciple of Montaigne
than of Kant.
Pertinaix. editor of Echo He Paris
heretofore the Presidents bj ?rest
critic, also has some kind things
to say today, though both he and
Capus call the leagu. an experi
ment and/dwell on the necessity of
France's protection in the future.
"The project." writes Pertinaix,
"appears strangely like the forma
tion of a new alliance, a holy al
liance for peace."?which, as some
Parisian political sharps point out.
is exactly what Clemenceau orig
inally wanted.
"It marks a date in the history
of humanity." said La Liberte.
"President Wilson is no mere herald
of Utopia."
Dfaanda Disarmament.
President Wilson leaves us with a
draft of the league In his pocket: he
certainly has earned the honor."
f/Heure said. "It remains to be seen
whether we shall have a loose asso
ciation of nations or an international
power capable of guaranteeing peace.
The main thing is disarmament. Un
less we get that we are duped."
"It is all right to builfi lJp the
league of nations, but we are not the
only builders.'* declared the T-mps.
CONTINUED on'eAWt KitiHT. I
Wilson Expresses
Thanks to French
For Fine Reception
Brest, Feb. 15.?Just before
he embarked President Wilson
issued the following statement:
"I cannot leave France with
out expressing my profound
sense of the generous hospital
ity of the French people and
the French government They
have received and treated me 1
as I most desired to be treat- |
ed?as a friend; a friend alike
in spirit and in purpose. I am
happy to think that I am to
return to assist with all my |
heart in completing the just
settlements which the confer
ence is ^ seeking, rnd I ^iall
carry with me dur.ng my ab
sence very happy memories of
the two months I have spent
here.
"I have been privileged to
see near at hand what my sym
pathy had already conceived of
the sufferings and problems of
France, and every day has
deepened my interest in the So
lution of the grave questions
upon whose proper solution
the future prosperity of France
and of her associates and the
whole world depends.
"May I not leave my warm
and affectionate farewell greet
ings?"
Aiding Hand
WillBeGiven
To Germany
Peace Envoys Will Apply
Economic Aid with
Military Screws.
Paris. Feb. 15.?This week has
seen completion and publication of
the mo*>t remarkable document in
history-?* world constitution. The
j dx*aft is now nefojn thn *o*irt of
I public opinion.
With the society of nation* thus
| temporarily disposed of. so fXr as
1 the Peace Conference is concerned,
: the delegate* are fr<*#? to devote,
; their attention to other proMes?<.*j
! most pressing of which is concede*.
{ to be the question of restoring in
j ddstry and commerce to a normal
: basis. A great stride in this diref
; tion is understood to be tncorporat*
; ed in the new provisions for exU?n
j sion of the armistice. which will be
presented to tho Germans at Treves
?by Marshal Foch on Monday.
" While more o+astic military regu
i lations will b- imposed on Germany,
so as to re* der her impotent, it is
believed th~ economic blockade will
? be lifted to some extent, so as to
' permit freer commercial intercourse
| between both th** associated and
j neutral nations with the enemy. In
j fact. t*ie additional terms are ex
1 p?.,rted to constitute virtually the
! first chapter of what may be regard
! ed as a preliminary peace with Ger
J many.
This attitude of economic con
; 01 liation toward Germany is be
1 lieved to have been inspired not
only by consideration i'-?r the politi
cal benefits which will accrue to
the allies in th?- future but by th
j rapid progress made this week in
j construction of the new German
j republic in the national assembly
i meeting at Weimar. A provisional
constitution has been adopted,
j Chancellor Ebert has been raised
to the provisional Presidency,
Fhilip Scheidemann has been made
chancellor and has selected a new
cabinet.
The tentative date for the joint
CONTINUED ON PAGE KIGUT.
I Strikers in Belfast
Make Strong Threats
Belfast. Feb. 13.?In a drizzling
rainstorm thousands of strikers
paraded the streets of this city to
da v.
The atmosphere acain is charged.
The strike leaders have been uttering
strong threats, prompting the mili
tary commander to recall all officers
on leave to their barracks tonight.
Gas and electric service was re
sumed today under military protec
tion. Infantry armed with machine
guns, was stationed inside the vari
ous plants and a larce battery of
I>ewis guns was mounted on the roof
of the electric works.
Churchill Offers Plan
to End Russian Chaos
Paris. Feb. 15.?A new plan for deal
ing with the Russian question was
submitted to the supreme war council
today by Winston Churchill. The pro
posal was discussed for three hours,
but no decision was reached. The
matter will be taken up again Mon
day.
The nature of Churchill's suggestion
was not announced.
Dutch Oppose Claims
of Belgium at Paris
Amsterdam. Feb. 15.?Violent oppo
sition to the claims of Belgium before
the council of ten at Paris Is being
manifested by the Dutch press.
A report which has been given wide
circulation that President Wilson is
opposed to Holland's claims concern
ing the- Scheldt waterway and Llm-.
burg ha? given rise to bitterness in
certain circles notwithstanding the
urn fit ud?* of the Utiich for American
relief worfe.
t
Wilson Will Explain League
Covenants, Article by
Article, to Members of
Foreign Relations Com-j
mittee at White House. |
URGES CONGRESS
TO DEFER DEBATE
Senate Republicans, It Is
Expected, Will Not Be Dis
posed to Comply with Re
quest, and Open Discus
sion Is Likely This Week.
President Wilson yesterday cabled
members of the Foreign Relations
Committee of the Senate and the For
eign Affairs Committee of the House
asking them to dine with him at the
White House upon his return to this
country, when he will discuss with
j them, article by article, the proposed
I constitution for the league of nations.
| The dinner has been arranged for
the evening of Wednesday, Febru
ary 26.
| The cablegram from the President,
| dated Paris, February 14, follows:
i "l^ast night the committee of the
J conference charged with the duty
of drafting a constitution for a
j league of nations concluded it*
work ^ind this afternoon before
I leaving for the United States it is
to Ik; my privilege and duty to
read to a plenary session of the
Conference the text of the twenty
six articles agreed upon by the
committee.
I ? 'The committee which drafted
| These articles was thoroughly rep
| resentative of the world. Besides
the representatives of the United
.States, Great Britain, France, Italy
and Japan, representatives of Bel
gium. Serbia. China. Greece, Ru
mania, Czecho-Slovakia, Poland.
Brazil and Portugal actively par
ticipated in the debate and assist
1 ed materially in the drafting of
J this constitution.
"Each article was parsed only
I after the most careful examina
i tion by each member of. the com
mittee. There Ml a cood and suf
ficient reason for tin; phraseology
and substance of each article.
"I request that I be permitted to
go over with. *ou. article by arti
cle. the constitution before inis
part of the work of the conference
I* m^Je.the subject of debate by
(jfclv?rees^> With this In view, 1
Ufequf?t that y??i <iine" with me at
ihe White House as soon after 1
r---arrive in the United States as my*
V ngagements permit."'
i ^ \\M Speak in lloHton.
?'oU'win& receipt of the cable.
^ J -JL^presentativea and Senators in
. VKcu were consulted and it was ar
ranged that the dinner be on the
{evening of February 26.
From information received by
| friends of the President, it is be
| lieved that he will Boston
{February 24 and will siUmJc that
; evening at a public meeting in one
!of the large auditoriums there. It
| has been suggested that the meet
[ ing might be held in the Harvard
i Stadium, but thp arrangements will
; be made by Mayor Peters, of Bos
CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO.
URGED TO CALL
EXTRA SESSION
President Should Act on
March 5, Says Senator
Jones.
President Wilson -was urged to call
| a special session of Congress early
I in March by Senator Jones, of Wash
1 ington. yesterday. He promised that
j Congress would come in a "nonparti
san way with the sole desire to do
what is best for the government."
Pressing action regarding recon
struction. i-ailroads and finances
I should be taken by Congress, not
delegated entirely to executive offi
cial*. Jones said.
"These questions are sufficient to
j warrant calling an extra session
i March Si," declared Jones. "I do not
believe the President should hesitate
a moment in calling a special se*s
? sion. The situation can be met only
by Congress. Congress should be
j here."
j Jones spoke after several hours
had been spent in general debate
I while the rivers and harbors bill was
j being held up.
Some of Allies Insist
Huns Pay Cost of War
Paris, Feb. 15.?The reparations
committee of the Peace Conference
held an extended meeting today in
an effort to reach a basis of agree
ment on reparations to be demanded
from Germany.
It i? understood that some of the
allies wish to collect the full cost of
the \ war from Germany.
250,000 Workers Plan
Sympathetic Strike in N. Y.
I New York, Feb. 15.?A sympathetic
strike of 250.000 workers employed on
contracts being carried on by the
Building Trades Employers Associa
tion was ordered today by the execu
tive council of the building trades de
partment, American Federation of
Labor.
The walkout will become effective
Monday. More than NOO contracting
individuals, firms and companies will
l>e affected.
The strike grew out or a demand
for increased pay for carpenter*
SENATORS VIEW!
NATIONS LEAGUE
ON PARTY LINES:
j
Only One Democrat Fails
to Hail Covenants as
Epochal Document.
BORAH SEES MENACE
Declares, as Do Most Re
publicans, Plan Torpedoes
Monroe Doctrine.
discussion of the league of nations
plan by members of the Senate yes
I terday was divided on strictly partl
| san lines. Democrats, with one ex
jception gave the plan hearty endorse
j ment and praised President Wilson
J for his success in bringing the Peace
Conference around to his view. The
exception was Senator King, of Utah,
who declared himself against any
thing that contemplated abandonment
of the Monroe Doctrine.
Republicans felt disposed to pick
flaws in the plan and to point to con
ditions which to their minds wen- im
possible of enforcement. Senator
lx>dge. Republican leader, continued
I to hold himself aloof from discussing
I the plan, but Senator Korah, of Idaho.
' who has taken a h ading part in the
I Senate debate in opposition to the
j league principle, gave out a state
jment vigorously attacking the plan.
I The cable message from the Presi
j dent requesting members of Congress
to refrain from discussing the propo
isal until he had had an opportunity
jof explaining it in person, had little
effect so far as the Senate was con
icerned. Although there was no de
bate 011 the floor, there was free dis
cussion in cloakrooms and in state
I ments which rneml>er* of the Senate
had no hesitancy in giving to the
j press. Furthermore, it is not likely
i that the President's injurkotion on
[open discussion of the subject will bo
j followed, especially in ihe Senate.
See* .Monroe Doctrine Hurled.
I Following are wme of the state
ments made by Senators today:
Senator Borah. Idaho. Republican:
?"The instrument as a whole re
quires mueh study to know what in
detail shall be its obligations in
case it is finally adopted. Rut one
thing is perfectly clear, and that Is.
as it stands, it is a renunciation of
the Monroe Doctrine. It wipes out
all distinction between Kuropean
CONTINUED ON PAGE EIGHT.
HUN OFFICIAL
! ADMITS DEFEAT
i / :??
But Foreign Minister Brock
S.. Jff-Rantzau Claims
They're Not Crushed.
i Weimar. Feb. 15.?Konstantln
| Fehrenbach. Centrist and former
president of the Reichstag, was
j elected president of the national as
sembly today, succeeding Dr. Kd
ward David, who held that position
provisionally. Herr Schultz was
elected vice president.
Germany's foreign polices were
j outlined today by Count BrockdorfT
Rantzau. foreign minister in the
new cabinet. He declared that
while Germany will refuse to pay
the war casts of her enemies, she
| is willing to "repair civilian losses
i due to the blunders of the bureau
cratic system." Regarding the
colonies, he said Germany will de
mand th**ir return, although she
! might consent t*? bargain for their
i exchange for other territory or con
J cessions. He reiterated th?* demand
1 that Germany should become a
member of the league of nations on
j the basis of equality, that the fate
of Alsace-Ijorraine should be de
i termined by a plebiscite, and that
all boundaries should be settled
| "impartially."
"We are defeated but not crush
( t d." he concluded. "The will 10
1 work remains with us."
The delegates unanimously voted
! confidence in Brockdorff-Rantzau.
Counted Among Dead,
Returns Home; Friends
Dubious; He Ends Life
j Canton, Ohio. Feb. 15.?James B.
I Wilson, reported killed in a Cleveland
j street car accident on January 20, re
turned here yesterday. He had
trouble convincing friends that he was
freally alive.
i This afternoon he took poison nnd
; died before doctors could arrive, leav
ing a note which said: "I was re
ported dead and when I came home
| everybody turned me down."
Mrs. Roosevelt Resting
at Paris Home of Son
Paris, Feb. 15.?Mrs. Theodore
I Roosevelt was resting today at the
home of her son. L?ieut. Col. Theo
j dore Roosevelt, jr. She had not yet
! made plans for visiting the grave
I of her son, IJeut. Quentin Roose
velt.
The local authorities are plan
ning to give her a sympathetic' re
ception when she goes. It is be
lieved she will later visit her sis
I ter, Mrs. Cowan, in Rome.
Gunmen Continue Raids
on Philadelphia Bars
Philadelphia, Feb. 15.?Reorganiza
tion of the detective bureau into five
"flying squadrons" failed to interrupt
activities of saloon bandits today.
Gunmen visited bars at Twenty
second and Market streets and Ninth
and Callowhill streets. At the Market
street place they stole $140. At the
other, the bartender resisted and the
robbers fled. Two negro gunmen held
i up and robbed a watchman at Thir
| teenth and Chestnut street*.
h
I
All Rumasiia
In Revolt's Grip;
Royalty Flees
Copenhagen, Feb. 15.?The
republican revolution in Ru
mania has spread until it in
cludes practically the entire
country, according to advices
received here today.
A new plot is (said to have
been discovered against King
Ferdinand and Crown Prince
Carol, and the entire royal
family has fled from Bucha
[ rest, where a state of siege has
| been proclaimed.
BRITISH HALT j
! BELGIAN RELIEF
! Chairman Hurley Seeks
Hoover's Aid in Getting
More Cargo Vessels.
1 Chairman Hurley, of the Shipping
| Board, cabled to Herbert ' Hoover,
[ Federal Food Administrator at Paris
I yesterday, urging hiin to demand ac
tion by the British government to
ward living up to its agreement to
help transport food to Belgium.
Mr. Hurley's cablegram resulted,
it was stated, from a condition
whereby American trade in foreign
markets is seriously embarrassed
! and endangered as a result of the
falure of the British to keep their
word that they would help in the
Belgian relief work.
r>4MMM?0 Ton* Short.
American tonnage, Mr. Hurley said
yesterday afternoon, is 500.000 tons
I short of the amount necessary for
i immediate demands for the ocean
, transportation of American prod
i ucts. If England did her share of
j the Belgian relief work it would re
| lease enough American tonnage to
materially relieve this situation.
Mr. Hurley was confident yester
day that Kngland could be made to
see her obligations in the. Bolgian
relief work, thereby releasing
American tonnage for commercial
needs. He has asked the War De
partment that cargo ships be re
1 turned to the jurisdiction of the
'Shipping Board more rapidly. Th#*
j War Department is using approxi
mately 2.500.000 tons of shipping,
j and Mr. Hurley poipted out that
| with troops returning from overseas
; ?*it the rate of 200,000 a month it
? will not bu necessary for **o many
* cargo vessels to be employed in
i hauling foodstuffs and supplies tw
j army depots overseas.
j .Figures obtained yesterday show
j that while American shippers are
j crying for tonnage to haul their
! products, at least ten per cent of
J America's entire merchant marine,
not to mention a nurAbcr of ves
[sels chartered from neutral nation*,
lis tied up in European relief work,
j During the last week, according
to announcement by the Shipping
Board* thirteen more vessels, of
""** ^jNgeight tons, have been
. '^Ihc flpet carrying flour,
pa=35=S5?Jucts and milk to Europe.
OnP""VhT>. of 7.500 deadweight tons,
was withdrawn, making a net addi
tion to the relief work of twelve
ships, of 8f?. 11 deadweight tons.
Ninety Ship* in l'*e.
Tli** grand total of ships in the
European relief work is ninety, of
741.916 deadweight tons. Of course,
eighty-two fly the American ffae.
and seventy-four are ships built by
th" Shipping Board during the war.
I The other eight comprise seven of
58,598 tons, chartered from Holland
and one chartered from Norway.
Besides the European relief work
the United States has ninety-four
vessels of 770.108 deadweight tons,
operating in various national re
liefs. These include the Belgian.
Finnish. Czecho-Slovak and Armen
ian-Syrian.
FRANCE TO PAY DEBT
BEFORE U. S.: GLASS
Know Importance of Thrift, He
Tells Bankers.
New York. Feb. l."?.?That France
will pay off her war debt before
America does is the opinion of Secre
! tary Glass, who spoke at the Bank
j ers' Club today.
For generations the French people
have been taught the important les
1 son of thrift. It has become a habit
! so ingrained as to make it second na
ture, Glass said.
War savings stamps workers are
laying the foundation for acquisition
for this habits for America, the Sec
retary declar?-d, adding that he favor
ed making this department of the
treasury a permanent feature.
U. S. Destroyers Land
Commission at Danzig
Berlin. Feb. 15.?The American de
stroyers Ay 1 win and Wickes have
landed an allied commision at Dan
zig to inspect the shipyard there,
it was learned today.
Hun Monarchy Looms
on Eve of Election
I Berlin. Feb. 15.?German Austria
| will hold its elections tomorrow.
Religious affiliation is expected to
play an important part in the con
test. Sentiment for a monarchy is
said to be still strong and may
have a decisive effect on the re
sult.
King Honors U. S. Officers.
London. Feb. 15.?King George at
Buckingham Palace today awarded
the military cross to Lieuts. Arthur
Haskell, of the United States Medical
Ccrps. and James McGuire, of the
American Tank Corps.
2 Sailors Shot in Brawl.
London, Feb. 1.7.?Two American
sailors were von nt led in a shooting
affray at Cardiff between sailors and
negro dock workers, it was learned
today.
/
Treatment of Wire Oper
ators Branded at Arbi
trary and Unjust.
CALLED "BUNCO" GAME
Unrest Over Conditions and
Wages Makes Strike
Imminent.
J
Organized labor ?will begin a light to j
oust Postmaster General Burleson im- I
mediately upon the return of President
Wilson from Europe.
Prominent labor leaders will lead j
I the movement to replace the Cabinet
| member, basing their objections upon
j w hat they term his arbitrary and un
I Just treatment of employes placed
under his jurisdiction since the Fed
eral government assumed control of
the telegraph and telephone systems.
Officials of the postal employes' or
ganizations are in sympathy with the
plan and will supplement the com- j
' plaints of the telegraph and telephone j
I employes with grievances and condi-'
j tions in the Postoffice Department
' which, they claim, demand adjust
ment.
I Unrest and dissatisfaction among I
I the telegraph oj?erators is nation-vide,
land the inability of the telephone
operators in California and Massa-!
chusetts to have their grievances over)
working conditions and wages consid- j
ered collectively has brought about ?
situation where a strike is imminent.
F.mployrM Held in Check.
Employes have been held in check '
by the official threat that they were
j in the employment of the government |
j and consequent ly had no right to
i strike.
j Protests by the IntemHtional Broth
jerhood of Electrical Workers and the
j Springfield. Mass.. Telegraph Opera-1
tors' Union were read into the records
'of the House yesterday and they are
i typical of protests that are accumu-1
Mating daily. The protest reads:
"We must emphatically protest
against the unreasonable and inde- j
fensible position of Postmaster Gen
eral Burleson who refuses to make
negotiations with employes on the
question of wages and conditions. He j
lias failed to establish any machinery
to take the place of our former satis
factory relations with the company
CONTINUED ON PAHE TWO.
SENATE SPIKES
CUMMINS PLAN
i
Reconstruction Legislation
Appears Doomed at
This Session.
' Reconstruction legislation at the
?present session of Congress was
j doomed yesterday afternoon when the
| Senate declined by a -Me of 3* to riS
j to take up the Cumn,r -?*truotio.i
i resolution.
! While debate on the river and har
| bor bill was in pr?gre~s. Senator Cum
| mins moved to take up his resolution
j creating six joint Congressional coni
; mittees to study a recons ?ction pro
gram and lay recomnv .ons befoie
both houses.
| Senator Ransdcll. of I/>uisianri.
moved to lay Cummins' motion on ilu
table, after a point of order by Senator
, Fletcher had failed to halt the 1ow;<
Senator. The roll call produced a stri- i
. parly vote.
i Senator Cummins n ado vi^nrous
plea for the passage of his resolution,
in which he was supported by S? 'mioi
Weeks, of Massachusetts.
| among the discharged soldiers. Oun
! mins said, was largely due t< tin- f.'.cr
j that the government had as yet n::?de
no movement toward coping with the
problem of their transition from :n>r
| tary to civil life.
"The President's mind is full "f the
; negotiations abroad." he said. " This
Is a domestic situation, and one that
, may develop into a grave menace. We
4 should not wait to have :hc President
! tell us what we can do about it "
J When the motion to table had l?een
'adopted Senator Weeks said recon
struction legislation at this session
was hopeless. Tie pointed out that
[Great Britain as early as TU<; had ap
j pointed committees to study recon
| structlon problems, and that France
ian?l Germany had taken similar ac
! tlon.
j
Bavaria Forming Army
to Combat Bolshcviki
i Berlin, Feb. 15.?The Bavarian
I government has called to the colors
all able-bodied men within the
| state for the purpose of forming a
j home defense guard to "combat
] Bolshevism." according to advices
j received today.
Further Spartacan disorders were
reported in Hamburg. Muelheim
and Duisberg. There was some
pillaging. In Muelheim. the imperial
bank was said to have been robbed
ot nearly $20,000.
Americans Will Care
for Russian Prisoners
Coblens, Feb. 15.?Two trainloads of
Americans, comprising officers and
500 men. have departed for Berlin,
from where they will be distributed
among twenty prison camps to sup
ervise treatment of Russian war
prisoners.
The Americans carried no arms and
have thirty days rations.
St. Louis Bars Socialists.
St. Louis. Fob. 15.?Socialists ?" a
partv tonight wore barred from enter
ing "the St. I.ouls primaries In March.
Election commissioners ruled that a
party polling less than three per cent
of the total vote c**t at the previous
mayoralty eleetion should not have
a plaee on the ballot.
Socialist leaders said the ruling will
be taken Into court.
Strong Ditapproval De
velops Against Action of
the House.
ARMY BILL AGAIN CUT
Officers and Men Allowed
to Seek Aid of Tlieir
Solons.
! Strong disapproval of the action in
the House which eliminated from the
j army appropriation bill the pro vision
continuing the emergency pay of en
listed men was heard on both sides of
1 the Capitol yesterday.
The paragraph went out on a point
I of order by Representative Stafford.
Republican, of Wisconsin. The effect
of it. unless it is reinserted, will be
to put a soldier s pay back at $!?? a
month after July 1. instead of J? paid
during: the war.
It is believed by administration
leader* in Congress that the Senate
| will put the provision l?ack in the
J bill. This opinion ww expressed oy
Chairman Dent, of the House Mili
tary Affairs Committee.
Mr. I>ent said it would require a
special rule to reinsert the provision
before the bill le?ve* the House. This
would not 1? practicable, he thought,
so it has been decided to leave the
matter up to the Senate. A move
ment already is under way to bring
the matter to the attention of the
Senators.
i|)iu?r Won't Object.
He *aid that if the Senate p>Jts
the provision hack into the bill.
I the House conferees doubtless will
agr?-e to it. aiwl the House will not
refuse to concur in this feature of
the conference ret?ort
Amendments adopt"! yesterday cut
off from th? tt 117 muO.O*> or
iginally carried In the hill. Reading
of the measure for amendments pro
gressed to the legislative sections,
where it was discontinued until to
morrow .
Following rej?eai?*d critic isms of the
War I>epartm? nt for nfusinir to per
mit officers or ??nlisted men to seek
the aid of Senators or Representa
tives in securing discharges or to
transmit information to members of
Congress. the House adopted an
amendment by Repn^-ntaUve Mc
Keown. of Oklahoma, which modi
fies paragraph !iv? of the Articles
I of War.
I This amendment was tacked on to
I the paragraph earryin* *100.??0 for
| rental of buildings for tfie Qua.r
l termaster Corps. It 4>rovides that
.no pnrt of thi" ap|?ri^iaUoi. ??hall
1 used b>.* ilii* War 1 eparlmti.
I so long as airy officer or eo'istod man
j is forbidden to commnnieate with snv
Senator ot Representative w ith re
! gard to conditions in the army
Will
| Another amendm* nt. by Repte
sentative Flood, of Virginia. w ill
' stop army officers from joyriding
I in government automobiles. The
? amendment limits the use of goY
j ernment machines to strictly official
| purposes.
Mr Flood i?*id there was much
| complaint that privates were being
required to serve as menials for of
ficers in "the shadow of the Capi
! tol." Representative Shallcnl?cr>rer.
j of Nebraska, got through an amend
} nient making the restriction appli
cable to the whole country.
i The 53.00fi.000 appropriation pro
i posed for supply and equipment and
? reserve officers' training corps of the
t^uarternvister Corps was reduced
' by a committee amendment offered
? by r*halrman T>* nt. to $ioo
The f4.o00.0O0 fund carried for
' barracks and quarters w.is cut in
half.
HUNS ALIEN"
TO REMORSE
So Declares Hoover in Ad
dress in Paris.
! Paris. Feb. 15.?1 declaring he is not
j prepared to say that the tierman peo
! pie are beyond redemption. Herbert
? Hoover, director general of the allies
food administration, declared in a
f-p' ? 'ch here, today. that "there is to
1 day a totnl absence of an expression
I of regret In Germany."
i "If TO.OOO.OTHi Hermans should sh*?d
I the teat's of Nio??e for 1 years.
J they would not wash away the human
I misery for which they are responsi
i l>le." said Hoover.
j tie would not say. declare Hoover.
that it Is not the duty of the allies to
I endeavor to build up the German peo
J pie "to a suite of decency."
'ONE KILLED, ONE HURT
IN AERIAL COLLISION
Two Airplanes Clash 5.000 Feet
Above Earth.
Miami. Fla.. Feb. 15.?One man was
killed and another probably fatally
Injured today in a collision between
two airplanes '..OOo feet above the earth.
Second Ueut. Kdward Cain, of Balti
I more, was killed, and his mechani
ician. Corp. John Soree. was badly In
J jured.
I The Cain machine was performing a
i tail spin when it collided with a plane
piloted by Lieut. William M. Bertho
let. Bertholet made a successful land
ing despite the fact that one wing of
his plane was broken.
Prince Henry Still
Pleading for Kaiser
Weimar. Feb. IB.?Prince Henry
of Prussia, the ex-Kaiser's only
brother, is continuing his campaign
I in behalf of Count Hohenzollern. In
an appeal to Field Marshal von
Hindenburc to -accept" the Presi
dency of the German Republic, ttie
prince says it is "shameless to de
mand that Wilhelm be delivered to
execution."
After dwelling on this "Insult so
humiliating to Germany." he ap
peals to all to join the "lcacue for
the freedom of the Kaiser s life.'
in order to spare the German |.eople
"an everlaatina dimica"
YOUNG OFFICERS
"BROW BEATEN,"
! SAYS ANSELL
Coerced by Colonels and
Majors io Court*-martial
Trials, He Declares.
EVIDENCE TOO FLIMSY
General Admits Higher Of
ficers Oppose His Efforts
* for Reforms.
"Th? record of the miliLiu> courts
in tlie American amiv during 'b*
war show.- that too many mm wrrw.
oonvict?yl on flimsy evKfen?? who
never should have been tried at all."
This summary of the injustice oT
the court-martial case* affecting
{thousands of American soldier* war*
made to the Senate Military Affairs
Committee yesterday by Gen Sam
uel T. /nse|l. Acting Judge Advocate
General.
It strikes at tfee root of the re?b
tape- methods which led to the in
fliction of unusually severe sentence*
upon soldiers accused of trivial of
fenses .
Most of the members of the com
mittoe were entirely in acnord with
Gen. Ansell's tondemuation of th?
methods practiced.
Gen. Ansell warmly indorsed th??
Wll b> Senator Cbambeclain to re
vise the >"Ouri-martial procedure so
as to insure a larger measure of
.Justice to the men accused. Ho sua-1
| gested a few minor changes, tnosu
I of which were designed to make ? veni
more drastic the restrictions which<
I the biM would i>npose
I ^?emi Tlaign
| Gen. Ansell went over the bill -ee*
tion by section, and illustraicd thai
necessity for the proposed chanin-^
by relating the story of some oourt ^
martial case8 amonc the thousand^
J which his office has reviewed. Im4
portant *e,?tion> in the bill which met,
with Gen. Ansell's strong approval
were:
1-?Giving the ac< used person il>t
right to (hailing for prejudice any
members of the i?urt convened \>*
j try him.
I * Making the Judge Advocate a 1u?
| dicial officer of the court to advise tn*?
court on law and evidence, and create
ing the offic? <?f prosecutor to pnsseeQi
the evidence to the court.
3.?Prohibiting the appointing , ?+
from ordering a retrial whet-*- a ve:?
d:ct of noi miUty has been ivndervu.
Gen. Ansell alao made a strong ptc?
OOVTINCSD ON~ra<ifc gfcVfcft
WOUNDED YANK
i DENIED WATER
Corp. Ringler, Captured.
Says Germans Declared
Him Good1 as Dead
New York. Feb. 15.?Wounded
; American doughboys, many of whom
: had been Gorman prisoners, return
ing on the t'nitet States transport
Hsrrisbui^ today wen- bitter ?i:
their denunemtion of the cruelties
of their Hun eaptors.
Wounded Ameri ans. taken cap- ,
tiv?\ received little ??r rt<> medical
attention. they donated. while
partos picking up wounded on the
held were d*lib<rat? iy shot down.
"Germans jeered si me j |&v
wounded." Corp. G. D. Ringler de
eland. "They told mi' I didn't ne.-d
water, that 1 was as ^ood as dead."
Private Joseph Morte, Newport,
K. I., was thrown on a garbage
h?ap and left to di" by captors
while la^k of attention caused An*
gelo Federcini. of Elysia. Pa., to
lose a leg from a slight wound.
"Soup made from potato peelings
was the stuff served to ^^*nc men."
Ringler asserted.
POLES NEED RIFLES
TO STOP BOLSHEVISTS
Delegate Depulaski Says Anarchy
Does Not Menace Nation.
Paris. Feb. 15.?Bolshevistic tea*
j dencies in Poland can easily be sup
i pressed by the Polish government.
| if the allies w ill furnish arms and
| ammunition. Mr. f>epulaski. head of
j a Polish delegation which has ar
jriv?d hen-, declared tonight,
j "Polish anarehy exists only in the
! fancy of German agents, who wish
? to discourage the allied power? in
. their labors of reconstruction." De
I pulaski said.
"Not a single Bolshevik was elcct
j ?-d in the recent elections." he add
! ed. "Rletnents in favor of the
j Untcnte secured a huge majority.
; Internally everything is quiet. We
| are menaced only on our frontiers
and it is there that we need foreign
? intervention."
| King Alfonso Due
as America's Host.
Is London Report
London. Feb. 15.?Reynolds' "8e
' cret History" claims to know that
| President Wilson will not return to
i Paris to attend the flnal peace sit
I tings.
The paper also learns King At*
; fonso of Spain will shortly vialt
, America ?ind some of the South
. American capitals.
Joseph Silliman Dead.
j Detroit. Feb. l.V?Joseph Silliman.
| president and general manager of the
i Michigan Smelting and Refining Co.,
j died today lrom influenza Silliman
i started in busine** by collecting
I scraps of metal and re-smelting and
reflning then**, From this penniless
start, he whi ffcruted to be a million
aire at tin. agt of Si
Mayor Vetoes Payroll
Kansas City, Mo Feb. !*?!??
tfhost will walk for cit> employes ta
day Mayor Cowgill ha* reload >
aunj> monthly Dayro^i
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