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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, March 31, 1919, Image 3

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Rev. Stewart Says Chris
tian and Pagan Cannot Get
On Well Together.
The essentials of a successful mar
riage are. according to Rev. Howard 1.
?Stewart, pastor of the Second Baptist
Church. Fourth street and Virginia
avenue southeast, first, a sensible
choice, a sacrificial disposition on the
Part of both husband and wife, social
equality before marriage, and equality
' in every respect after marriage.
"A good cook is also a valuable
aaset.*' said the paator. "Many women
wake up with a headache and a heart
ache In the morning, and their hus
band? with a stomachache because
they failed to learn to cook before
>** ?ettlng- married.
"A man ought not to be the-head of
the house." said the paator. "but al
low his wife to have ae much to say
a? himself. Equality here Is of prime
importance to a successful marriage.
The Apostle Paul argued differently.
kbut then he was a bachelor and not
a married man.
"A man, and a woman also," con
tinued Dr. Stewart, "ought to be
ready to sacrifice many things for the
common benefit. It may hurt the
pride a little to surrender a determi
nation to do something occasionally,
but in the long run. it make? for
peace and happiness.
"'Both man and wife should be close
to Qod to make a successful marriage,
the paator said. A Christian and a
pagan can seldom live happily to
gether. The contrast is too great,
especially when the wife is an ardent
Christian and the husband a don't
care pagan."
Dr. Gordon Says Greatest
Intellects Have Proved
Domestic Failures.
"Brilliant men. in many cases, make
poor husbands because they are one
sided, sarcastic thoughtless In regard
to their home affairs, and because
they are supercritical and 'touchy.' '*
Dr. James L. Gordon, pastor of the
First Congregational Church, in his
sermon laat night, outlined these rea
sons as mainly responsible for the do
mestic unhappineas of many of the
world's greatest intellects.
The greatest example. Dr. Gordor
stated, was Thomas Carlyle. Car
lyle had a wonderful intellect, th?
pastor stated, but was so nervous that
a fly alighting on his hand completely
Tipeet him and often caused him to
work himself Into a rage at being
. One of the greatest exceptions to
this rule, the paator said, was Thomas
? Edison.
Referring to a criticism of his ser
mon last Sunday by the Women's
Trade 1'nlon League of this city, the
topic of which was "Why Do Young
Women Leave Home," Dr. Gordon
said that he would not. by any means,
apologize for that sermon.
The Women's Trade I'nion I-eague
nsserted that economic reason? were
mainly responsible for women leaving
home. Dr. Gord?-n. in reply, stated
that while he made it a point never
to touch on economic questions on
Sunday, he was willing, if the league
would cet 20 of its members together
som?* Sunday morning at his church,
to touch upon that topic in a broad
be under obligations to him." The re
sult, as seen by Mr. Longworth. is
that "Mr. Mann is in a position to
?-".xercise a more potent, influence over
legislation In the next House than if
Be had been Speaker.'*
This view is borne out by the fact
that Mr. Mann and seven other gentle
men, all his ardent supporters, could
outvote, under tho ingenious system
he devised, the other eighteen mem
bers of th?* ?-ommittee and carry any
?oint they pleased.
Waat Haw Strerinc ? ommiM??.
The chief complaint of tbe Republ -
?is fighting against the rcactionai y
rrtion is directed aim.nst the i*om
?sltlon of the Steering Commute.?,
ley charge that its personnel s not
??resentatlve of the country nor the
nit *?f the part*.
Mr. Johnson, of South D&kola. has
nVred tl resolution the pur;???*??? of
iiich Is to enlarge ami liberalise the
leering Committee. He" advocates the
of the membership of the
teerng Committee by four by addine
man from The Southeastern States.
? ne from th?* Northwest, one from
? he Middle West and one from the
'aciflc Coast States, lie insists par
'cularty that labor should have ?
olee in del.beratlons. He thinks the
?mmlttee will lx- the cainer by this.
Mit only geographically, but by the ad
, #tion to it of that liberal and pro
i*essive thought which is iharacteris
l lie of the rank and file of the Republi
1'-an party of today.
Retala Spirit ef Party.
This particular committee." Mr.
onsworth slated. '?? ill bo in H sense
ipreme over not onl> the Speaker.
ut all the standin.? committees o? ?"
Ouse. becaute it ?ill detei mm ?uan
rislative program of ihe next Con
?ss so far as the House ia con
Vied. It will be called upon to de
I what policies arc t0 be pressed to
,'ore and what pushed to the rear.
' will have all the powers former
? assessed by Speaker Cannon and
predecessors of advancing or re
Mlng legislation.
It goes without sa>inc that such a
committee ousht to be truly represen
tative not only of the spirit of the Re
publican Party of today, hut of its
hopes and aspirations for the future.
It should be representative, too, of all
sections of the country and of all
classes of our citizenship.
"I? the committee as at present con
' -kl so representative? Absolutely
?- ?
/.. yProhibition Parade
Not for Saturday. April 19
N'ew York. March 3D.? The nation
wide protest against prohibition, fea
tured by parades, protests and mass
meetings, ?cheduled for April 19. ha?
"Teen Indefinitely postponed, the aas
^?tlon opposed to prohibition an
1 ??unced tonight.
The reason given for the poetpone
ent waa that April 19 fails on Holy
iturday. the day before Kaster and
at the following week the Victory
Tertjr Loan 1? to be launched. No
?e date has been decided upon.
? ."pv-rli-ht, 1*1?, Ily lhe Mellare JVe*-?>pai>er -.-radicale.
' iti co] ' sex ? - an with
that ?crawled ahead
Pushing ?ackthe wire i
UP ? -5PT- P5T' PST'
Rep. Fuller Starts Campaign to Abolish
Franking Privilege; Says Congressmen En
list Postoffice As Aid in Electioneering.
Representative Alvan T. Fuller, of
Massachusetts, the wealthiest mem
[ber of Congress, has set himself the
! task of abolishing the franking
I privilege, an abuse of Congressional
perquisites whieh he declares "smells
?to high heaven."
The career of Representative Ful
ler is one of the r*?al romances of
[business, since his Immenso fortuno
?was amassed in fifteen years as New
I England representative for a high
priced automobile.
JXrtmard Pay From Mute.
He first attracted attention polit -
.rally when after being elected on
t'an independent ticket to the Massa -
. ? chusetts House of Representative*??.
I he turned back his $l.o**0 salary to
? I the State Treasury. He then ran
for Congress as an independent and
, succeeded in dethroning Representa
i tivc Ernest E. Robert.?*?, a veteran ot
. -.;. O. P. politics, who had served
.1 eight terms. Merc recently he came
, j into the financial llmcllight by his
?purchase of $L\00->,000 in Liberty bonds.
? ?Here is what he has to say r?gard
.ling the franking privilege:
j The shameful abuse of the frank
i ing privilege by members of Con
gress is reprehensible et any time,
but at times like these when the
> public is being exhorted to be
ij thrifty in all matters, to economizo
? and deprive themselves of all but
necessities, it seems particularly rep
rehensible that their RepresenM
! tives in Congress, members, if you
?please, of the greatest legislative
'body in the world, should waste
millions of dollar* in an abj^se whi> h
smelly to high heaven.
From time to time comments are
rfrinted in the daily papers all over
the country referring to this abuse
and that abuse in connection with
the fr-.nking privilege. These items
encourage the people, and quite
justly so, in believing there ia
some til ing "rotten in Denmark," It
discredits Congress because it gives
the impression that representatives
of the people in Washington enjoy
privileges and perquisites of one
kind or another that would not
stand the light of day.
This creates a lack of confidence
land generates an impression that
citizens are warranted in feeling.
"that recta should be for himself
and the devil take the hindmost."
which is not the kind of an impres
sion that should be generated by or
eoncerning a self respecting body of
I propose to enumerate a few
illuminating facts that, with one
i tenth as damning evidence, would
lead you and me to demand an in
vestigation of any industrial en
terprise in which we might be in
Firstly, there is franked out of
the House Office Building daily
1 nom twenty to thirty tons of mail
matter and about election time this
quantity la increased to thirty or
forty tona. One Congressman sent
' mt , '??* -'.JO parcels of literature and
? ?.?- political party at one election
s? ut t.iit '.-i.000.000 speeches. ? took
th? liberty the other day of calling
on the au peri n tendent who has
?.-La ige of lh<*? clerks who send out
[ this ma.-*- of stuff, and he stated
that at time*?? there were from G.00
to ?ittO clerks employed doini; noth
ing but packing free literature into
frt-e envelope? to bo sent throuch
, the mails free of expense for Con
gressmen. He stated th-ot these
clerks could nil dress and send out
about t.'OO each in a day. I asked
the man in charge how many par
! cela a Congressman could have.
and h*"* said a?**-? many as he liked.
? Well. * I said, "not 1.000.000 apiece,"
and he ?said, "yes." And then I
inquired how many envelopes, and
he paid as many as a Congress
'. man wanted. I asked him how about
?the printing, and he said, "No
charge to a Congressman." And
I ask "d hinr- about the franking
prWUrffe, and he said these things
wi r_ all tanked out. and then he
. sai?*??*? . ?fay^-of altering a defense.
? l " ??ourse, no Congressman,
I pie"f |! ?**? ? damned hog.
' v. _-o._'' mtfc more than 100,000.
-, -??Mi*e et Privile?*.
sNotV the object is to muzzle the
"damned hogs'* and to hamstring
others of the "high roller?." primarily
? in defense of the Treasury and sec
ondly in justice to the self-respect
ing element in Congress who feel that
! being ?% Congressman is a matter in
' which they could justly take pride
rather than that they should be part
j of a body referred to as grafters and
?? psalm-singing hypocrites.
j I flnde it is quite the custom when
I a Congressma\ is running for elec
? tion or wishes to have his name be
j fore the public because he aspires
j for some other office to flood his dis
i trict or State, as the case may be,
with all kinds of free literature" For
example, one of our Congressmen, a
while ago, desired to have his name
considered in connection with the
i governorship of . hia State, with the
? result that he conceived the Idea
? of sending out a nice collection of
? books to the vot***s of his State. He
sent out 640.000 parcels of books in
one day. and upon inquiry at the
postoffice I found that the postage
would have been to ordinary mortals
4- cents each per parcel. It is a sim
ple matter In arithmetic to see that
! 6*40,00?$ parcela at 45 cents apiece cost
? 1'nclc Sam ovo* ?1300,000 for postage.
Uf --ourse, the cost of the books them
'selvea would be greatly in excess of
? this amount. It 1? easy to ?ey with
I this illustration tn mind, that indi
vidual Congressmen ?,?#? easily abuse
their franking privlegc to the extent
! of $1.000.000 a year.
! I fouw? another member of Con
! gre?"- no conceived tho idea, of in
j fi ?iei.cln.sr public opinion against pre
paredness by delivering speeches In
\ Congress abusing the President and
playing tho German game?I do not
contend that this member received I
? any German gold for delivering these
speeches, but I do ftalntain that he I
earned it. These speeches were print- ,
ed at government expense; they were
j franked out to German peace societlea
at government expense; and then. In
? addition, franked envelopes were in
! eluded so that the German peace so
! cieties could in turn -send them with
j out expense to any individual? whom
i they thought fit subjects to influence
I by such propaganda. Can you im
' agine a more devilish scheme of un
! dermlning the morale of the people
I at their own expense, compelling
i them to dig their own graves, so to
i speak? On the outside of the en
{ velope that this Congressional mem
! her utilized for this purpose I find
? the following notation:
Preparednese. Let the truth be told.
? Public opinion must settle this ques
! tion in the end, and there can be no
? public opinion of the question until
I the public knows, the truth. The
I metropolitan newspapers and mapa?
? zines, with few exceptions, have de?
j clined to state both sides of the ques
! tion. The effort seems to have been
. to stampede the public into hasty ac
! tion. Out with the truth. No great
I question like this can be determine?!
without the facts.
How many American hoys are lying |
! out on Flanders Field .ct:ff and stark
? today as a result of such devilish
? propaganda delivered in the National ?
? Hnu-tif of Representatives and mailed!
( Into the homes of our citizens urging f
upon them the wisdom of combating
a wild beast with gentle caresses and ?
total unpreparedness?
G have in mind a gentleman more
, ambitious, perhaps, than others ior :
the intellectual development of his
| constituents by way of reading Gov- ;
ernment literature, who has been ?
j storing up every conceivable kind ef
? -Government literature for the past two
years and who now has two rooms
full. 1 suppose his idea is to literally
flood his district at about election
time. Personally I never before ap- ?
predated what the term "flood the :
district" meant. Apparently it means;
that literature printed at the expense j
of the people and transported at the ?
expense of the people shall fall upon
it "like ihe gentle rain from heaven.'
You map recall that In l?*08 a com
mission, consulting of Charles K. |
Hughes. ? Lawrence Lowell, and
Harry ?. Wheeler, reported that mail |
franked out by Congress weighed 4.- j
?531,080 pounds, representing 9,007,674
separate pieces. The total weight ot
all tirst-class mail for the whole coun- |
try that year was 157.502.610 pounds.
Considering congressional franked j
mail as first class, which is only fair,
:i - it goes out scaled, one gets at\ j
astounding comparison. The mail j
franked out of Congress m ?WS j
amounted In pounds to more than one-j
fortietti of that of the whole mail or'
the I'nited States of America. My (
investigation would lead me to believe !
that the output of congressional j
franked mail lias more than doubled
since that time.
Pop t master General Hitchcock, ini
his annual report for 1908, states as'
Tho unrestricted manner in which!
the franking privilege is now being'
used by the several Federal services I
and by Congress has laid it open ]
to serious abuses, a faet clearly es- '
tab?ished through investigations re-,
cently instituted by the Depart-'
ment. While it has been impossible.
without a better control of frank
ing, to determine the exact expense
to the government of this practice,
there can be no doubt that it an
nually reaches into the millions. It
is believed that many abuses of the
franking system could be prevented,
and consequently a marked economy
effected, by supplying through the
agencies of the Postal Service, spe
cial official envelopes and .-tamps to
be issued on requisition to the va- I
rio us branches of the Federal serv
ice requiring them and such records
to be kept of official stamp supplies
as will enable the Post Office De
partment to maintain a proper pos
tage account covering the entire
volume of free government mail.
The different ways in which the \
frank is abused demonstrates the!
essential secrecy of the system and '
its personal and political uses con- J
demn it in themselves. ? fine of ?
$300 is imposed for the pereonal use j
of tho frankingprivilege, and yet |
Congressmen violate the law with
impunity. The suggestion made by ?
Postmaster General Hitchcock in ?
1910 would seem to be a good one
as a starting point. Certainly the
overshadowing element of personal
and party politics should be elimi
nated and the use of the frank re
stricted to public affairs. There
should be the fullest publicity with
reference to franking. I would re
quire each Congressman to append
a note to each speech or document
sent out, stating the number being
mailed and all other essential facts,
and beyond question there should
be some commission or committee
representing the Postofflce Depart
ment to see that Congressmen them
selves obey both the letter and the
spirit of the law.
?Members of Congress in some in
?tut^W-i. .JiftYii voluntarily finbuliLUxi
proposed mailing matter under their
frank to tho Post Office Department
in advance, bo that there could be no
doubt of its coining within the legal
requirements, but no member of
Congress in under any obligation to
do this, and in the great majority of
cases it is not done. In the absence
cf such voluntary submission. the
department has no official Insanii of
knowing what members of rCongress
are sending under th?ir frank nor
have they any means of keeping
track of the quantity of franked mail
sent by any member of Congre*?.
I have no desire to cast any as
persions upon the members of Con
gress, but when so distinguished an
authority as Mr. Kitchin, the Demo
cratic leader, in speaking onthe riv
er and harbor appropriation bill, can
?say. "X sometimes fear that Too many
of our colleagues set up as the true
measure of service here the amount
of money they can lilch out of the
Treasury into their district and States
for creeks or rivers or public build
ings," it l>ehoVcs us to be not too op
timistic in our estimato of human na
ture as It relates to Uncle Sam's
money. I have no objection to a man
being careless and trustful with his
own money, but I counsel most scru
pulous accounting and safeguarding
of the people's money which wc are
sworn to protect.
Of course, I do not need to present
a liill of particulars as to why Coa
gress has come into such disrepute.
The sii nation can be summed up in
this: We have been wasting public
money upon our own political upkeep;
the franking privilege has been gross
ly abused; our processes have been
essentially secret ; seniority and sec
tionalism have assumed menacing
proportions; the organization of the
House has become almost - wholly ?
question of spoils and perquisites;
pork and patronage often outweigh
all other elements in shaping legisla
tion; the committees?probably, at
least, half of them?are a needless
bundyn upon the people, maintained
only because they provide chairman
ships and perquisites for the little
oligarchy of members in control of
them. In short, wc have become a
kind of political stock cxcliaiigw
gambling in pork and patronage, and
that at a time when there should be
and must be the very maximum of
??itici?-?cy ?ind economy if a o ara to
deal adequately with the crucial ti
s?es of reconstruction.
We ought to reorganize the t??~
chinory and improve the met hi?*
Congress so that it will function
efficiently and **conoinicalyr and thu?
re-establish itself In the confidence af*
the people.
. . . and at the Yale Club
At this?one of New York's finest clubs
?Fatima is the only inexpensive ciga
rette enjoying a large sale. Month after
month, Fatimas hold their place as one
of the Yale Club's three leading sellers.
^J?^?U*Jnys^Jc?aeco Car.
? Sensible Cigarette
NOTE?More and more men arc refusing- to judge
a cigarette by its high price or by a fancy, expen
sive box. One proof of this is the growing leader
ship of Fatimas. In Spite of t-hcir lower price,
hatimas please even the most exacting taste. And,
better yet, tliey leave a man feeling as he should
feel?even if occasionally he smokes more often
than usual. , ? - -~

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