Today and tomorrow?Partly cloudy.
Highest temperature yesterday, 8s; low
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
WASHINGTON, D. C.. SATURDAY, JUNE 7, 1919.
ONE CENT M
Elmrkm Tw Oata.
D. C. WESTERN UNION STRIKE ORDER DUE TODAY
Burleson Continues Jo Be Strong Advocate of Federal Wires
NATION-WIDE WALKOUT TO COME IN 48 HOURS
"HAT INTO RING"
Senator's Supporters Call
Conference to Decide on
Ways and Means.
RELY ON PROGRESSIVES
Anti-League of Nations Plat
form Counted Upon to
Win Support in Race.
Senator Hiram Johnson of Cali
fornia has shied "his hat into the
ring'1 as a candidate for the Repub
lican nomination for the Presidency
according: to word received in the
city last night.
While his fl?ht on the league of
rations ts reaching its hottest point
his supporters of the Golden Gate
State have callcd a conclave of all
Republican State leaders in Califor
nia at San Francisco for June 14
the object of -which is "to consider
ways and means of bringing about
the nomination of Hiram W. Johnson
for President at the Republican con
vention in 1920.'"
It U said that the California Re
publicans are unanimous in support
ing Johnson and that they believe
"jthe time is propitious for the formal
announcement of his Candidacy. r
Despite his opposition to the league
of nations plan. Senator Johnson is
counting on being the candidate of the
Progressive wing of the G. O. P., and
on being the heir to the powerful
Roosevelt support that was developed
seven years ago. Since the Colonel's
death, the Progressives have been
without leadership, and ever since
19K, the more radical and independent
CONTINUED OS PACE TWO.
NEW ANNUITY .
BILL IN HOUSE
Still another retirement measure
for Federal employes was intro
duced in the House yesterday.
It was sponsored by Representa
tive Raker. of California, and pro
vides that any government employe
who serves thirty years shall be
entitled to an annuity of 66 2-3 per
cent of his salary: those who serve
L twenty-five to thirty years. 50 per
cent annuity; twenty to twenty-five
years. per cent; fifteen to twenty!
years. 30 per cent. The minimum,
as?e limit for annuities is sixty
An employe getting a salary In
excess of $2,500 a y*ar jhall have
his annuity computed on this sum,
instead of on the salary which he
Blast Leaves Only Hole
Where Auto Truck Stood
Fort Worth. Texas. June 6.?Two
men were killed, a farm house dam
aged and a *notor truck blown to bits >
near Aledo today when a truck loaded j
with nitroglycerine for the oil fields
exploded. The names of the men
killed are not known.
Only a great hole In the ground j
showed where the truck and its driv- i
I era were when the explosion occurred. |
Senate Orders Probe
Of Miss Wood's Case;
Teachers Demand Pay
Upper Body Votes for
Investigation of In
! A thorough Inquiry into the case of
Miss Alice Wood, the Western High
| School teacher who was suspended
! because of alleged Bolshevik tenden
cies. was ordered yesterday by the
Almost at the identical hour that
the Senate was taking this action, a
vigorous defense of the Board of Edu
cation of the District nf Columbia was
heard in the House. Representative
Fess being its champion.
The Jones resolution authorizing the
Senate District Committee to investi
gate the Wood case was reported from
the Committee on Audit and Control
by Senator Calder. of New York, and
was passed without debate and with
out roll call.
Open Inquiry >p\t Week.
It is probable that Senator Sherman,
chairman of the District Committee,
will open the inquiry early next
week, and will attempt to conclude
It as early as possible. It has not
yet determined whether the investi
gation will be open to the public,
but it probably will be. The first
witnesses to be called will be mem
bers of the Board of Education, -who
will be asked to describe the nature
of the evidence on which they sus
pended Miss Wood. The teacher will
be heard in her own behalf.
Representative Fess made a few
remarks in the Home as soon as
the reading of the school section of
CONTINUED ON PAT" ? *
N.Y. POLICE AVER
Identified as Member of
Italian Band of Radicals.
Report Denied Here.
New York, June 6.?The anarchist1
blown to pieces by the bomb he had
placed in front of the residence or
Attorney General Palmer in Washing
ton Monday night has been identified
a3 a member of a group of Italian
radices, according to one of the de
tectives working on the case. Identifi
cation was made with the assistance
of an anatoTnist who pieced together
the recovered fragments of the man's
head and face.
The name of the dead man is
j withheld because the police are still
engaged in rounding up other menj
| bers of the same group who arc
I believed to have directed most of
j the recent bomb outrages in the
Eastern section of the country.
A prominent member of the I.
W. W. who was a trusted assistant
of "Big Bill" Haywood also is be
ing sought by the police, it Is re
It is known that this man came
here from the West some time ago.
but since then his movements have
been shrouded in mystery.
Early this morning Superintendent
Pullman, of the District Police De
partment. stated through headquar
ters officials that he knew nothing
of the New Tork identification."
It was announced there that Inspec
tor Burlingame had wired from Phila
delphia that the prospects of an iden
tification in that city were such that
i the name of the anarchist would be
I known positively very shortly.
Petition Is Prepared by
Hold Up Salaries.
Protest against the delay In the
payment of 50 per cent of the lon
gevity pay of all school teachers in
Washington was made formally yes
A petition to this effect will be sign
ed by the 575 teachers directly con
cerned and submitted to the board
j before Monday for consideration at
I the Wednesday Board of Education
This was the decision reached by a
special committee, composed of Miss
Katherine Burden and Miss G. M.
Janney, both appointed by Miss Maud
Alton, president of the Grade Sjchool
Miss Alton stated the Grade School
Teachers' Union also plans to ask
the board to place responsibility for
"The present situation is particularly
CO STINTED ON PACE EIGHT.
Next 48 Hours to Tell
Paris, June 6.?The diplomatic bat
tle over the Adriatic settlement has
entered into its final phase, and the
next forty-eight hours should tell
whether an agreement can be reached
Premier Orlando of Italy did not at
tend today's session of the "big four"
which was thus again reduced to the
As to the reply to the German coun
ter proposals, the latest word to filter j
out of the conference room is that the ]
answer is almost ready, that it con- |
tains no essential concessions, but is !
designed merely to clear up misun
derstandings on which the Germans
might try to realize profit for them
selves at a later date, and that Ger
many will be given a maximum of
five days in which to give her final
answer as to whether she will or will
Aastrlnnn Grow Recalcitrant.
Reports from Austria give a picture!
resembling that of the mood in Ger
many after the treaty with that coun
try had been made public in the Ger
"We will not sign,'* which was. and
still is. the German cry. now resounds
through the "republic of Austria." and
the official attitude shows signs of
changing from one of humble lefer
ence to one of defiance.
There is much talk of a junction
! v^ith Germany in challenging the
allied and associated powers to "come
and get" what is asked of the de
Wilson Defends Treaty.
The Matin stated today that when
President Wilson learned the details of
the German counter-proposals he said:
"I conscientiously believe our draft
of the treaty violates none of my
"If I felt otherwise I should not
hesitate to admit and would rectify
"The treaty we have made entirely
conforms with the fourteen points."
' Vice President's Wife Approves Girl
Graduates9 Home-Making Ambitions
?'Then ume day. If Mr. Right comes
This is the way many of the girl
graduates have ended their Ambition
Stories for The Washington Herald.
Half shyly they have confessed that
hidden "way back in their hearts is
thf dream of the home that on* day
will he theirs, with the Prince Charm
ing of their dreams. Not right away.
they write, but eventually
Mrs Thomas R. Marshall, wife of
the Vic? President of the United
States, confessed to a feeling of sym
pathy with glrlf who dream such
L dreams. In telling her Ambition Story
\ to the Girl Graduate Editor yesterday
? -Too see." she laughed. -I know
juet how they feel about It.
"All during my school days I dream
ed and planned for a wonderful busi
i ness career, but deep down In my
heart all the time I was hoping that |
some gay my Mr. Right would come
"After I had finished school I en- |
tered my father's office in Phoenix,
Arizona, and started on the marvelous
career I had planned.
"I worked there for several years
and loved it, but one day Mr. Marshall
came into the office and after that
I ceased to dream of business."
Foand Happy Career.
Mrs. Marshall laughingly refused to
say Just what dreams had replaced
those of her long planned business
career, but admitted that they had at
least been happily realized.
Many of the girl graduates of the
Washington high schools and normal
schools this year will find their
dreams ending happily some day even
as have Mrs. Marshall's. Perhaps
some one of them whose Ambition
Story has appeared in these col
umns will herself be Mrs. Vice Pres
ident Somebody in about fifteen or
Today the future seems very near
and bright to Washington's girl grad
uates. They are sure success will
reward their efTorts in whatever di
rection their dreams may look.
College is just before many of them,
and in their letters to The Herald
these girls declare their determina
tion to make the most of every mo
ment they spend in college.
"I want to obtain from college life
all that it has to offer me for the
betterment of my mind and body,"
writes Miss Mabelle Bennett, of 4411
CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO.
AID OF SENATE
Asks If Solons Will "Share
Responsibility Wilson Has
Assumed Before History"
CABLE SENT TO LODGE
Right of Self-Determination
Denied by Peace
Italian Fiume, over the heads of the
"Big Four" in the Paris Peace Con
ference, has appealed to the Senate
for the right of self-determination,
which the conference has denied. A
long: cable message to Senator Lodge
from the representatives of the Ital
ian Interests in Fiume wag read In
the Senate yesterday.
The cablegram was signed by An
drea Ossoinack, Fiume plenipotentiary
to the Peace Conference. It reads as
"National Council assembled in an
emergency meeting, after animated de
bate, unanimously approved the fol
lowing appeal to the United Stages
"When the Peace Coufertnc is
?> imilii*HI.|%j.lHIH!>?UI ?WP
world. Fiume, represented by the Na
tional Council, elected hy plebiscite
and by its mayor, elected four years
ago by free ballot, appeals to the
Senate of the great American people,
invoking its aid to prevent the per
petration of one of the greatest injus
tices known to history.
"On October 18, before the downfall
of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
Deputy of Fiume declared in Hun
garian Parliament that Fiume. which
had always been Italian and wished
to remain Italian, would exercise
right of self-determination under its
special status of free national Italian
commune united as corpus separatum
to Hungarian crown. Thirtieth of
October, when the result of the battle
of Vittorio Veneto. not yet known.
Fiume abandoned by Hungarian au
thorities, we acquired complete inde
pendence and despite the presence of
Croatian soldiers who occupied the
city by force, by plebiscite based on
CONTINUED ON PAOE EIGHT.
PROGRAM GROUPS NEW YORK
WITH CAPITAL IN NEXT MOVE
OF UNION TO TIE UP SYSTEM
Burleson Declared to Have
Ordered Return of Ope
rating Control of Com
munication Systems in
Deference to Congress.
Postmaster General Burleson
has not changed his views on the
question of government ownership
of the telegraph and telephone
systems of the country.
This was the positive , *tate
meat made at the Postofllce De
jrfterfiy *heB. i<
u I n i.i.Mf fiiraiij
eraf reconciled yesterday's order
restoring control of operations to
the private owners with his pre
vious stand in favor of govern
ment ownership and operation.
It was explained that Mr. Bur
leson knew the sentiment of a
majority of the members of Con
gress was in favor of the imme
diate return of the wires to the
owning corporations and legisla
tion to this effect will pass within
i short time.
Time for Preparation.
Tn view of this condition, it was
said, he realized that the companies
must have a reasonable time in
which to prepare to reassume com
plete control. .
In the interest of the public and
the companies and to prevent a se
rious blow to the efficiency of the
wire service of the country if the full
return should be ordered by Congress
on short notice, officials of the De
CONTIXDBD ON PAGE EIGHT.
District Police Seize
Suspect in Bomb Case
Officers of No. 1 Precinct
Holding Man From
Arrest of another suspect in the
bomb outrage case and definite in
formation received by Department of
Justice officials that the "whispered
word" being passed through "Red"
circles calls for a demonstration on
July 4, were the outstanding develop
mei ts in police investigations yester
The suspect was picked up by the
police of No. 1 precinct at Fourteenth
and G streets northwest He maintain
ed that he was merely looking about
the country for congenial work, and
after several hours' grilling, the po
lice werd unable to shake his story.
Ife says that he came from Wis
consin and until Detective Sergeant
Morgan hag had an opportunity to
verify his story, he will be held.
Series of Oatruges.
According to the reports received
by government officials, the "May
Day" outbreaks, the May 30 bomb
I outrages and the planned July 4 spec
tacle constitute a progressive series
! of demonstrations against the gov
ernment to attempt stirring the fin#j
of uprising in the country.
As a result every precautionary
measure is being taken by govern
ment officials to thwart purposes of
the Reds insofar as the existing laws
Inspector Faurtot, of the New
York police department, has had the
laundry mark on the collar of the
anarchist blown to death while at
tempting to bomb the. home of At
torney General Palmer, photo
graphed and sent broadcast
throughout the country.
Laundries have been requested to
check up on their markings in an
effort to discover the identity of tfle
Although no local residents have
been placed under arrest, the net
thrown out by the police is drawing
close and the belief is current that
before many hours have passed sev
eral people who have knowledge of
the bomb outrages will be in the
hands of the authorities.
Inspector Grant said yesterday that
several people in the District who
showed activity in radical organiza
tions were be^ng trailed, and ihat the
police are in possession of informa
tion that shows the susp^ts knew
when and where the bombing was to
take place. ,
Men in high positions are under sur
veillance. fcnd as scon as udditi -?nal
proof of their complicity in the out
OONTINL'ED OS PAG? UGHT.
In Southeast as
Posted by Union
Progress of the strike of
Western Union telegraphers in
the Southeast as represented
by union reports is shown by
this list of employes on strike:
Atlanta, Ga., 500.
Birmingham, Ala., 17.
Charleston, S. C-, 21.
Montgomery, Ala, 19.
Charlotte, N. C., 45.
Winston-Salem, N. C., 3.
Wilmington, N. C-, 7.
New Orleans, La., 321.
Tampa, Fla., 38.
Savannah, Ga., 19.
Knoxville, Tenn., 6.
Jacksonville, Fla., 97.
S. C- S
Western Union officers were
reported closed at Rome, Moul
trie, Fitzgerald and Brunswick,
Ga., and Greenville, S. C.
CARLTON TO BAR
ALL WHO STRIKE
Southeastern Walk-out 'Flat
Failure,' Declares Head
of Western Union.
New York, June 6.?Newcomb Carl-]
ton, president of the Western Union,
today declared the strike of telegraph |
operators in the Southeastern States j
was "a flat failure."
"Not a man who leaves the West
ern Union in this attempt to embar
rass the company will ever be per
mitted to return." Carlton said. "The
strike is a flat failure. We have not
felt the effects of the walkout. We
will control the situation and deliver
Shown His Figures.
Carlton said he had received mes
sages from various points indicating
i the strike is a very feeble effort.
His figures showed, he said, that
more than 90 per cent of the normal
working force remained on duty at
New Orleans, with only fifteen men
obeying the strike order. He added
that in Atlanta more men are avail
able for <futy than there are positions
"As far as the company is con-'
I cerned, the walkouts today scarce
ly amounted to the daily turnover,*'|
Caa Join I'nlon.
Referring to Postmaster General
Burleson's ruling that employes
joining the telegraphers* union
should not be discriminated against,
"Our employes can join anything
they want to. Only 710 of about
40,000 eligible to join the telegraph
ers' union have signed up. It would
be obviously unfair to discriminate
against those who joined under as
surance given by the Postmaster,
"Our first obligation is to carry,
on telegraph servict. This we in- j
tend to do. Interruption or inter- j
ference will not be tolerated."
BRITISH TARS SEIZE
London, June 6.?A news agency |
dispatch from Stockholm today re- I
ported that a Russian transport was
captured Sunday, when four Rus
sian and two British warships
clashed in the Gulf of Finland.
The following day, the dispatch
?aid. sij^Russian warships fled af
ter half an hour's encounter with
British naval forces.
International Chief of Organized
Workers, Departing for Chicago, De
clares Whole Country Quickly Will
Be Involved?Reports from South
eastern States Show Rapid Spread
of Walkout?F. N. McDowell Sends
Open Letter to Burleson and Carl
ton on Strike Issues.
Before his departure for Chicago last night Sylvester J. Konen
kamp. international president ?f the Commercial Telegraphers' Union
of America, announced that union employes in the Washington and
New York offices of the Western Union Telegraph Company will be
called out in an order to be issued tonight.
The time for the walk-out of the Washington men has not been
disclosed, but a definite time, probably within twenty-four hour!., will
be set in the strike order which will be issued upon Konenkamp't u
in Chicago. *
rjf Tfcl flflbfr"""" yesterday ai ao the exact date
wtTen all union wiremen affiliated with the Western Union wiil be
called out, but labor leaders in intimate touch with the situation pre
dicted last night that the general walk-out will be ordered within
MANY AFFECTED HERE.
It is understood that the strike order will affect hundreds oi em
ployes of this city. Neither the Western Union officials or the lal>or
leaders will disclose how many men will be affected by the prospective
Western Union officials here contend that a very small percentage
of the employes recognize the C. T. U. A. On the other hand, officers
of the District local contend that the extent of the walkout will amaze
the company and that hundreds of employes will leave their work.
From Southeastern States, where Western Union operators were
ordered out yesterday, "highly satisfactory" advices were received,
said Konenkamp, who added:
"Mr. Burleson's getting out from under doesn't change our situa
tion in the least."
Statement h? Konrnknop.
Just before leaving- for interna
tional headquarters of the Commer
cial Telegraphers' Union In Chica
go. Konenkamp issued the following
"The result of the first day walk
out suggests Burleson had advance
information that he was holding a
hot wire and this accounts for his
hurry to let go.
"The strike will be extended to
other cities without delay and the
time for taking efTect will be made
known from international head
quarters in Chicago tomorrow
"The instructions should be in the
hands of International Secretary
Campbell now for general distribu
"Klcht Won In South."
"The South has won its fight al
ready, and by the time the entire
country is involved trtfe tie-up of the
wires will be complet#.
I "Despite reports to the contrary,
jour very lowest estimates show 2.500
j on strike, while Vice President Mann,
fat Atlanta, insists the number has
| reached 3,000, with some points still
! to be heard from.
I "Many of today's press reports were
gathered from cities before strike tn
t structions were received.
I "Since issuing the 'never touched
'me' statement, the Western Union
' has notified many points in the
| Southeast territory to accept busi
ness subject to indefinite delay.
"Mr. Carlton received one surprise
today, but he is due for tha sur
! prise of his life shortly.
An Elastic 700.
"He gives us credit for having 70u
members in the entire Western
Union. Since Atlanta has furnished
500. New Orleans 300 and Jackson
ville 100 out of that remarkable 700.
there will be further additions right
along, to Carlton's figures.
"Mr. Carlton has a happy faculty
of dropping the last fljmre when
discussing the membership of our
union. His reputation, made in 1918.
when he discharged 1.000 workers
out of a mythical 150 members, is
too well known to require discus
"The Western Union president
shows signs of reformation by ad
mitting that It is unfair to dis
criminate against union workers.
It Is because of his constant unfair
tactics alonjr these lines that the
strike has become a necessity."
F. H. McDowell, a member of the
executive board of the District lo
cal. forwarded an open letter to Post
master General Burleaon and New
comb Carlton, president of the Wes4
ern Union, yesterday: The letter fol
"The writer, as a member of the
executive committee of Washington
District Council. No. 24. of the Com
mercial Telegraphers* Vnion, has
been authorized to ask you two gen
OONTI NT EI> OS PAGE EIGHT.
Delegate Thinks Terms Will
See Fear of Public.
Berlin. June 6.?The fact that the
allies have not yet published the full
text of the peace treaty was pointed
to by a prominent member of the Ger
man delegation today as indicating
they intend to modify the terms.
The delegrate sa id he believed the
allies are withholding publication on
i the theory that some concessions ara
necessary and that they do not want
the public to have the chance to arguo
for or against their advisability.
On the other hand, the popular Ger
man viewpoint on this secrecy is that
J the allies are fearful of the conse
| queaoes if the full condition* of the
peace settlement are known. In thie
j conn<*ction the German? are trying
to win the support of the liberal gnd
socialist elements in Franee and
Great Britain, who have sh^vn soma
inclination to regard the tr^m ? as too
grasping on the part of U^Tt#es
German leaders hai^H^ vcially
seised upon allied difcon^Hjr^r thia
.secrecy, particularly on^K, taart of
the Americans, and areV?klng a
great effort to force the remaining
negotiations into the open.
The foreign office says It believes
Germany could g*t a better bargain la
The Washington Herald should be on the job to tell you what's doing before going to work. Ifuiot, Phone Maii\3300
mr'-rT^r^' .. _ . . ? ? ?. - ? ? - - ? - ( F
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