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The Net Circulation of the Washington Herald Yesterday Was 43,509
THE RATHER. Today?Partly cloudy; not much change in temperature. Tomorrow?Fair. Highest temperature yesterday, 95; lowest. 76. THE WASHINGTON HERALD CONDENSED NOVEL SERIES You axe the greatest newspaper feature of year* lr you are not reading the masterpieces of the world's literature In Tb? Washington Herald. NO. 4637 WASHINGTON. D. C.. TUESDAY, JULY 29, 1919. ONE CENT lm mm4 ??l 1 Eli ewhere Twe Ovte. 15 KILLED IN CHICAGO RACE RIOTS; MILITIA RUSHED TO CITY D. C. HOSPITALS AND ASYLUMS FACE FAMINE AS ICE STOCK SHRINKS Surplus in Storage Plants Perilously Low or Non-Existent, Conservation Committee Finds. Drastic Measures to Prevent Act ual Want May Be Taken at Meeting To morrow, It Is Announced. Casualty Hospital patients suffered during fourteen hours yester day morning and Sunday night from an almost complete lack of ice. At 9:30 p. m. Sunday the hospital's supply was exhausted. .Its ambulance canvassed the city's plants, but was able to obtain only a meager amount. At noon yesterday barely enough ice was obtained to last through the night. Following an investigation yes-i terday by the Ice Conservation Com-, mittee, headed by Dr. William C. Fowler, which proved that the sur plus in storage plants was peril ously low or non-existent. Dr. Fowler declared a famine was unlikely, but that great inconveni ence would be suffered by the public. Sarplaacn Disappear. One plant which had 17.000 tons of surplus ice on May 1 now has only 3.000 tons. Another concern whicu on May 1 had 10.000 tons in storage now has no surplus. Aside from the Casualty, all other District hospitals. It was leara**u last night, have a sufficient supply, but the Fort Myer Post Hospital yesterday was unable to obtain enough ice to satisfy the needs of its patients. This was due to a shortage at the Fort Myer com missary. which obtains its suppiy from Washington. Dr. Fowler qualified his statement of no ice famine by pointing out that the strictest economy is neces sary to prevent one. Cuoiiider Drastic Measures. Drastic measures to epnserve iae. K I was announced last night, will be j taken at a meeting of the oonserva- i t.on commission tomorrow morning. . It is probable that the use of cracked Ice in soft driks and other non-essen- t tial customs will be ordered discon- | tinned. Difficulty in ootainin? ice was a city wide condition yesterday. In some 1 exilities ice boxes went empty. Thobe living within reach of an ice plant were able to obtain only a small amount, the rule being only a 10-cent piece to each individual. A representative of The Washing ton Herald tried yesterday to purchase Ice at the American Ice Company for Uie in this newspaper's water coolers and was informed that only one block was lctt in the p!ant. fifty pounds ot which was to go to a police captain. Hospital Plant Aids. Providence Hospital, which main tains a private plant, furnished ice to scores yesterday who were unable to obtain it elsewhere. When its resources were nearly ex-; 9 hausted the practice was discontinu- ; ed. It was the third day on which residents in the neighborhood and for blocks around had called upon the hospital for relief. Its plant is being operated day and night. Dr. Fowler said last night that hospitals would be supplied with ice ; at all costs and declared that the Cas ualty case had not been brought to hi.-* attention. This was borne out by . the hospital authorities. According to a statement to The i CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO. CHILD'S SLAYER STILL MENACED Mobs Clamor for Prisoner Who Admits Slaying 6-Year-01d Girl. Chicago. July 28.?Thomas Fitz-! gcrald. confessed slayer of 6-year-old Janet Wilkinson. was formally . charged with murder today Slightly stopped, spectacled and as cetic appearing. Fitsgerald coldly told the court he had nothing to say. He ? was held without bail for the grand Jury Contrasted with Fitzgerald's cool- ' ncss was the rage of Janet's father. Throughout the arraignment he strug- j gled with two detectives, arguing with j them in undertones. He appeared ready to spring upon the man who for j five days held him in a torment of I suspense while an entire city hunt**] j the lost girl. How Chicago was stirred was in- j d lea ted by the crowds collecting wherever Fitsgerald was scheduled to , appear. Outside the coroner's office a mob collected, yelling "Bring him i out. don't try him. give him to us!" ?*Let'? hang him!" Crowds gathered also in the county building and at the police station where he was held. A heavy guard surrounded the con fessed slayer, escorting him from cell and jury roo.u by back ways. The city council began Immediate consideration of an ordinance to make > morons harmless. j Restaurants and Hotels Waste as Ice Famine Nears \ Yesterday morning a waiter in a downtown cafe served a woman a half a cantaloupe for breakfast. It was heaped with cracked ice, weighing not less than one-third of a pound. The cantaloupe had been tho roughly chilled in a refrig erator before cutting, but because the "proper" way to serve a melon is to fill it with cracked ice, it so was filled. But the first thing the woman did, in order to tat the melon^was to turn the ice out into a dish where it melted. How many salads, al ready chilled in refriger ators were served in ice famine threatened Wash ington yesterday, slathered with ice? How many pots of boil ing tea and coffee were turned over ice in hotels yesterday to make iced bev erages? , How many thou sand pounds of ice would have been saved had that tea and coffec been allowed to cool before it was iced? How many water glasses were left on hotel tables with excess ice melting in them? How many pitchers filled with ice were delivered to hotel rooms when a pitcher of water with a medium sized chunk of ice in it only was necessary? How many families would all these thousands of pounds of WASTED ice have served? WU BRANDS JAPAN'S PROMISES INSINCERE Declaring that American public opinion should be forewarned of the intentions of Japan with regard to Shantung. Dr. C. T. Wu, one of the Chinese delegates to the Peace Con ference, said last night that the United States should not be deceived by grandiloquent statements from Japan that she would return Kiao chow to China within one year or a less period. "What China wants," he said, "is not the shell, but the substance. Japan may say that she is going to return Kiaochow within a yrar. and that the sovereignty of the j Shantung province will be once more vested in China, but that will be a mockery as long as Japan re- j tains her economic concessions and \ control of the railroads."* INTERNATIONAL LABOR CONVENTION MEETS Amsterdam. July 28.?The new in ternational labor situation, as affect ed by radical tendencies, was ex pected to be the chief topic of dla- j cuss ion before thev International I.A- ! bor Congress, which opened here to-1 day. Samuel Gompers, president of? the American Federation of Labor, was among the prominent figures in attendance. The leairue of nations, the proposal' that Washington be chosen as a meet-! ing place in October, and selection of a city as headquarters for the Inter national federation were among other subjects on the prorram. Louiiville Telephone Strike Ended. The Postoffice Department yester day received word that the telephone strike at Louisville ended with all employes returning to work and waiv ing claims for back pay and in crease#. D.C. PROFITEERS ARE INCREASING COST OF FOOD So Say Experts at Senate Probe $ho Are Unable To Designate Guilty. U. S. CLERKS SUFFERERS Ball Charges Wholesalers i And Retailers Have Con sumers Powerless. Comjaring notes with five govern mental experts, members of the Senate subcommittee investigating the high I cost of living in the District yester | day. considerably strengthened the ar ray of facts they are gathering with the object of eliminating the profiteer. Senator L H. Ball, presided at the meeting yesterday afternoon in the ab sence of Senator Sherman- Senator Arthur Capper was the only other member of the committee present. Senator Capper quizzed each of the experts and clarified many of the views held by the committee members. Dr. Royal Meeker, commissioner of labor statistics, held the floor for the greater portion of the hour and a half session. He was followed, In turn, by Dr. W. B. Moser, of the reclassifica tion commission, Lieut. CoL Thomas I W. Miller, former Representative from | Delaware, W. Y. Durand. of the Fed ; eral Trade Commission, and N. W. | Barrflt, formerly of the Federal Trade i Commission. j That profiteering in the District ? is growing every day was asserted ; by the experts but they were un i able to give any specific advice as ; to just how the profiteer works, who he is and in what manner he j can be put under the governmental thumb. Dr. Meeker dwelt on the fact that the District particularly suffers by profiteering because the majority of the population consists of gov* eminent clerks whose salaries do not keep pace with the soaring foodstuff prices. The belief was expressed by Sen ator Ball that inasmuch as there | was an enormous demand for food ; stuffs in the District the retailers and wholesalers had the consumer i in their power and were charging : whatever they pleased. Senator Ball announced that he ! hoped to call another meeting Wed ! nesday. HOGAN REFUTED BY UNTERMEYER Attorney Also Denies He Was Go-Between in Offer To Ffaggs Bank. Testifying in behalf of John Skel ton Williams. Comptroller of the j Currency, yesterday. Samuel Unter I myer. a New York attorney, who j was counsel for Secretary of the I Treasury McAdoo in the civil suit brought by the Riggs National Bank, vigorously refuted testimony given by Frank J. Hogan. counsel of the Riggs National Bank. He corroborated Mr. Williams' denial that he had represented the Comptroller in a proposition to Hogan for renewal of the Riggs charter on the condition that the bank officers resign. Mr. Williams spent much time on the stand, himself, yesterday. The hearing will be resumed this morn ing. Rush Repair Parts To Border Girdling Plane ' i New York. July 28. ? Preparations ! were being made today to rush new | parts for the army bombing plane which was wrecked at Upper Jay. N. Y.. late Saturday, while on the third leg of its flight around the borders of the United States. The plane was en route from tAu gusta. Me., to Cleveland, when it be came lost in the fog. Crash of Airplane Kills War Veteran; Pilot Hurt New York, July 28.?Lieut. Stephen | B. Johnston, 2S. of Uvalde, Texas, was I killed and Lieut. Amos O. Payne suf fered a broken hand when their Cur tiss airplane fell 300 feet at Haxle- | hurst flying field near here today, j while they were trying to make a landing. Lieut. Payne waa piloting the machine. Lieut Johnston's neck was broken. He was an overseas veteran. ?????????? Itallian Ambassador Recalled. Rome. July 28.?The Popolo Ro mano stated today that Count V. Macchi Cellere. Italian Ambaauador to the United 8tatea. had been re called. U. S. Armada Steams Through the Panama Canal The United States battleship Arizona, one of the largest of the 175 vessels in the great fleet that now on its way to San Francisco. ?../000 LOCK The above diagram shows how the warships negotiated the locka of the Panama Canal. The gates are of solid steel, seventy feet high CHILD MURDERER! GETS ONE YEAR Mrs. Dunn Sentenced to Prison After Pleading Guilty to Manslaughter. | PlttEfleld, Mass , July 3.?The trial i of Mrs. Gladys C. Dunn for the shoot ing of her 3-year-old boy was brought to an abrupt close today when, sob I bins, the mother unexpectedly plevi ?*' guilty to manslauRhter and was sentenced to one year at hard labor | at the Pittsfield House of Correction. I Soon after the court convened to , day John Noxen. Mrs. Dunn's attor-' ney. announced Mrs. Dunn desired to change her plea of not guilty of sec-! ond degree murder, on which charge i she was being tiled, to one of guilty of manslaughter. The trial had progressed three days, and the defense hid p!eadrd '.hat! Mrs Dunn was Insane when she shot I her little boy. Trembling and ashen. Mrs. Dunn! today was led to the petitioner's ! place. In a voice that scarcely could be j ; heard at the opposite end of the j court, the pretty youns mother said: j "Ye*?1 Plead guilty to man-! | slaughter." I She seemed on the verge of col- ' ' lapsing and swayed sllphtly. Her! I ""'band rushed to her side and led j her to a chair. . Justice Brown, in pronouncing! ! sentence, said: "In view of what I believe the! defendant has suffered and what! she will suffer, the court Is dis posed to leniency. Nothing that I ! could impose probably could add to the torture she has already suffered. I The court thereby accepts the plea! I of guilty to manslaughter and ser : tences the defendant to one year jn ' the Pittsfield House of Correction."' Mrs. Dunn Is the wife of Allan C. I Dunn, former magazine editor and novelist. ENGLAND TO IGNORE U. S. DRY INVADERS London. July 21?No official action will be taken by the British govern ment against the activity of Ameri can prohibition workers In Great Brit-1 ain. It was Indicated today by Home j Secretary Edward Shortt Replying to a query in the House; of Commons with regard to tgie ac-! tivity here of American prohibition- i I ists. the Home Secretary said he pos- i | sessed no "exact information" on the I ?ubjcct. but did not think It was j | necessary to forbid their operations ! BAKHMETIEFFBACK AS KOLCHAK ENVOY New York, July 28?Former Rus sian Ambassador Bakhmetleff. who I | represented the Kerensky govern- j j ment at Washington, returned to the | i United States today on the French | liner Lorraine, an envoy of the Kol chak government. He has been In France as a Russian representative at the Peace Conference. Bakhmetleff declared himself much better satisfied with the Russian situation, which, he says, is clear ing. He expected to go to Washing ton at once. Hunmerstein Very DL New York, July 28.?Oacar Ham-| mersteln, a patient at the Lenox Hill! Hospital for some time, is in a very | serious condition, according to a1 statement tonight by the hospital of ficials. The Impresario la suffering from diabetes and a complication of ?ther diseases. U. S. Pacific Fleet Near its Station Panama, July 28.?The Pacific fleet of the Ameri can Navy was in Pacific waters today. Leaving the canal gate behind last night it steamed southward through the gulf on the way to San Diego, Cal. The ships were taken through the Panama canal without mishap. Panama celebrated the ar rival of the fleet heartily. Hundreds of American sail lors were given shore leave here. BANDITS RETURN KIDNAPPED BOY Ransom Paid on Advice of Mexico Which Promises j To Reimburse Father. I Philip Thompson, the 14-year-old son , of John West Thompson, an American , citizen, has been returned to his pa- i rents by the Mexican bandits who j kidnapped him. The kidnapping took place last Thursday within thirty miles of Mexico City where Thomp- | son has a large ranch, the boy being i held for 1.500 pesos ransom. The unusual feature of the case ts that the Mexican foreign office sug- ! gested to Thompson that he pay the ransom, and informed him that it would reimburse him. The State De partment's announcement of the re turn of young Thompson said: "A dispatch from the American Embassy at Mexico City announced j the release was effected by the pay- I ment of the 1,500 pesos demanded, tne , foreign office of Mexico recommend ing payment of this ransonm for fear the bandits might murder Thompson, j The foreign office has agreed to re- ! fund the amount of the ransom and ' to take measures for capture and punishment of the bandits." MERCIER DUE IN U. S. ABOUT SEPTEMBER 15 New York, July 28.?Cardinal Mer cier, Belgium's revered clergyman, is j expected to reach America between September 1C and 20, it was stated here today by his secretary. Dr. Peter J. Strycker, who arrived aboard the French liner Lorraine. , The cardinal expects to make his home with Cardinal Gibbons in Balti more during his stay here at the In vitation of the latter. He will visit New York, Washington, Chicago, Portland, Ore., and other cities of the Northwest in addition to Baltimore, i ?" 1,500 D. C. ORPHANS ELKS OUTING GUESTS Elk? of the District of Columbia will entertain 1.500 orphans from the asy lum* of the city at Olen Echo Park tomorrow afternoon. It has been the Elks custom for twenty years to entertain the city's orphans at one of the amusement parks annually. The day's outing was to have been held last week but was postponed by rain. FIGHTS TO SAVE SHELL SHOCKED Representative Charges Battle Victims Are Now Held in Madhouses. I Using reported conditions at St_ Elizabeth's? the Government Insane Asylum here?a-- & pivot. Representa | tivt Carl W. Ricketts (Ohio) announc ed last n]|ht he Wf?u!d fr.slst that Congress appropriate money to prop erly care for America's shell-shocked troops, instead of 'forcing them to! suffer among lunatics." Representative Ricketts yesterday ! afternoon introduced a resolution ask- ! ing an investigation of reports that ; shell-shocked soldiers "who rassed through a veritable hell on the bat tlefields of France" are now being treated in insane asylums in various | States. He said that he had made < a personal tour through St. Eliza beth's in Anacostia, and that he was now determined to fight this Issue and force a showdown in Congress The bill was referred to tfe Military j Affairs Committee. Mr Ricketts said last night he was originally impelled to introduce the j resolution after he had received a petition bearing 500 names from New Straitsville. Ohio, which is In his ' Congressional district. ESCAPE INJURY IN PLANE CRASH - Passenger-La^len Airship j Turns Tuhle During 2,000-foot Volplane. Carrying twelve passengers, a large Handley-Page bombing ma chine, twin-motored, was forced by engine trouble to make a precipit ous descent from a 2 000-foot alti tude into the field of E. M. Penning- ! ton. a farmer, living three miles out? of Kinsale, Va_. which is about eighty miles from Washington. In landing the huge airship turn ed turtle, and although her passen- ! gers were badly shaken, none, so far as has been determined, sustained any serious injury. Lieut. Robert H. Sells, the pilot, was returning from Washington to Hampton. Va_. from whence he had set out on a return trip. In coming j here he covered the distance from Hampton, Ya~. about 170 miles air line, in 100 minutes. Italy Defeated Austria Unaided, Nitti Asserts London. July 28 ?A news agency j dispatch from Rome today quoted Premier Nitti, speaking before the Italian Senate, as saying: "We have overthrown Austria-Hun gary unaided. Despite the treaties which provided for our support, no one can say Italy did not win the war" Ex-Kaiaer Hants New Hobe. Amerongen, July 28.?The former Kaiser is seeking a new residence. It developed today when It was learn ed his agents have fcone "house hunting" in the vicinity of Ameron gen. Wilhelm desires to leave the Dutch caatle of Couat Bentinck. in which he la Uving now. It la stated. NEGRO MOB ATTEMPTS TO EREAK INTO STATE ARMORY TO GET GUNS Four Regiments of Soldiers Ordered Out to Quell Fighting?Hospitals Filled with I Wounded in Clash on South Side of Lake City?Five Hundred Policemen Are Thrown Against Rioters. Chicago, July 28.?Folio wing aa attempt of a mob of negrow to break into an armory and seize rifles. Mayor Thompson to Bight wired Cot. Frank D. Lowden requesting that four rrpmrnts of militia j be rushed here to quell the rioting. Fifteen deaths were reported tonight. The rioting continued throughout the night, negroes and whites firing pistols and rifle*. Hospitals are filled with the woonded. which the police tought esb mated at 200. Fotr UffimrBU Moblli*^ * The militiamen of four regiments were ordered mobilized and gather ed at the armories awaiting: orders from Gov. Lowden. Following the attack by the negroes on the armory on the South side, In which four men wer^ killed and ten wounded. 600 policemen were rushed to the scene with or ders to shoot to kilL AdJL Gen. Frank S. Dickson* in command of the Illinois National Guard, reached here tonight from Springfield. He took personal charge of the affected area. In the vicinity of Thirty-fifth and State streets, the heart of the "black belt," the most serious problem con fronted the authorities. More than 2,500 negroes, many of them stock yard workers, congregated. threa-ten .ng to move against the white*. Two blocks distaJR a mob of 'fatty -000 white men gathered, ready to repel an attack or launch an assault if la ARGENTINA WILL BAR MAGYAR RED LEADER Buenos Aires. July 28.?Bela Kun. Hungarian soviet dictator, will not be admitted to Argentina, accord ing to the general impression here today. Governmen* officials declined to comment on Bela Kun's reported flight to the Argentine before they were notified officially of his inten tions. Recent reports from Switzerland said Bela Kun wsis preparing to flee to Argentina, but d^patches since then. indicated he Is still the dominant factor In Hungarlsn af faira WILL CEDE CYPRUS TO GREECE, IS RUMOR Athens. July 2S.?Great Britain has decided to cede the island of Cyprus to Greece, it is reported here. The report said Gen. Allenby had per mitted a Greek agent at Cairo to in form the Greek authoritlea. The island of Cyprus, the third largest in the Mediterranean, was ad ministered until November 10. 1909. by Great Britain under an agreement with Turkey, as nominally It was part of the Turkish empire On the outbreak of hostilities with Turkey, however, the island was annexed by Great Britain. EXPLAINS ERZBERGER PEACE FEELER TALE London. July 28 ?The peace -feeler" of 1917 disclosed by Finance Minister Erzberger In the German National Assembly originated at the Vatican, it was learned today from an authori tative British source It was stated that Britain, rep'y- ( ing to the Vatican's inquiry, merely j Indicated that Germany must fulfill j certain conditions with regard to Bel- ? glum before negotiations could be en- j tertained. Serbia Admits Mutinies Of Troops Occurred Belgrade. July 2S.?Mutinies by de- \ tachments of infantry and cavalry j at Marburg, in Styria, on July 22 and | 23 were admitted offic.ally today by j the Serbian government. The mutinies were inspired by tor- J eigners. it Is charged Order was restored by loyalists. Three persons were killed and eleven wounded. Some arrests have been made Bauer's Fall Explained. Copenhagen, July 28.?Herr Bauer. Austrian foreign secretary, was led to resign because the allies suspect- | ed he was working foT a unicn be- ! tween Austria and Germany, reports! from Vienna aaid today. ?or?bte opportunity often* Hundred. "'cro dockyards worker* were held In the yard. after .orl, by the N"? ?'??< Betweea Mounted police, augmented bv scores of Patrolmen. Mood guard In the^ST^ ?CIK.VirL s~~ ixsores Of arrest, for carryteuTToIi; i?wars."5*SS Issstrar'1 ? n.ght^buTT?' Were n0t comp"1' ??? :S~?skSS53 The noting started laat .S-KKS ! ' r -1 for **'?? pco?Je ~ '?***? u> ** Mpo bo~ ?" emrm< grd ? r, rr.rfM'/.r t- vno^d'rr? , a rart by a ttone hurled bv a whir m.n ^?ded to further in^"^ , w'h;. ?xrrl n,od,v ?"u"~ wV .tt.-vh,t/ V%7^ hood?pur??ei'^fe T I* p* "f""1"; BJOr? thfiri "tr!no" cf bot!' r?"? were Involved Dragged Oft VtMrln. whne 7 sxdk7robj f~S SS&SmTX rl<"n,t ,h'car* attacked in the aame way A whtt. man riding . blcyclr fro? ~h,,? m" h>' * "?-<1 ?' -rro uncon.clouni0","1 "d b,,t,n bela kun defeated. CALLS UP NEW ARMY Vienna. July S-Following the j P"l* of hi. Bolshevist am,,, by the [ Rum*m?". Bela Kun. the Soviet chief ! of Hungary, has mobilised all Hun j Karian men from the age. of ]7 to I SO. It is learned from Budapest lata tonight. The Hungarian Red army ha. (rif fered a heavy defeat with sever* ! losses. MAGNET GUIDE FOR AIR MAIL U. S. Scientists Invent Radio ! Coil to Steer Aviators To Route Stops. ! Uncle Sams scientists, at the r? Quest of the Postoffice Department have come to the aid of the aviator who. often lost while flymg ,t n,ght through the foggy ?.\0 Man s Lard" of the air with h:s cargo of mal'. looks about uncertainly for hU land Ins place. The man who Is superintending t^.e experiment to this end being c a dreted at the government fl>1 >* grorrd at College Park. Md . |? J A. Willoughby. who worked o t V? method of signaling Ixtween subma rlnea In co-operation with the Nary Department. The signaling method now In uee enables the aviator to reach tha general neighborhood of hi. place of landing The new apparatus being tested out bring, the flier to tha exact spot for landirg by means of ? (Ingle turn of wire, setting up a ma*netlc disturbance In a coll of wire around the lower wing of the plane. The height at which the sig nal may be heard depends upon the noisa made by the plane's engine. The Postcflice Department has or dered equipment for the new method of Signaling Installed at the landing stations along Its air mail routaa.