The Net Circulation of the Washington Herald Yesterday Was 43,509
Today?Partly cloudy; not much change
in temperature. Tomorrow?Fair. Highest
temperature yesterday, 95; lowest. 76.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
CONDENSED NOVEL SERIES
You axe the greatest newspaper
feature of year* lr you are not reading the
masterpieces of the world's literature In Tb?
WASHINGTON. D. C.. TUESDAY, JULY 29, 1919.
ONE CENT lm mm4 ??l
1 Eli ewhere Twe Ovte.
15 KILLED IN CHICAGO RACE RIOTS; MILITIA RUSHED TO CITY
D. C. HOSPITALS AND
ASYLUMS FACE FAMINE
AS ICE STOCK SHRINKS
Surplus in Storage Plants Perilously Low or
Non-Existent, Conservation Committee
Finds. Drastic Measures to Prevent Act
ual Want May Be Taken at Meeting To
morrow, It Is Announced.
Casualty Hospital patients suffered during fourteen hours yester
day morning and Sunday night from an almost complete lack of ice.
At 9:30 p. m. Sunday the hospital's supply was exhausted. .Its
ambulance canvassed the city's plants, but was able to obtain only a
meager amount. At noon yesterday barely enough ice was obtained
to last through the night.
Following an investigation yes-i
terday by the Ice Conservation Com-,
mittee, headed by Dr. William C.
Fowler, which proved that the sur
plus in storage plants was peril
ously low or non-existent.
Dr. Fowler declared a famine was
unlikely, but that great inconveni
ence would be suffered by the public.
One plant which had 17.000 tons of
surplus ice on May 1 now has only
3.000 tons. Another concern whicu
on May 1 had 10.000 tons in storage
now has no surplus.
Aside from the Casualty, all other
District hospitals. It was leara**u
last night, have a sufficient supply,
but the Fort Myer Post Hospital
yesterday was unable to obtain
enough ice to satisfy the needs of
its patients. This was due to a
shortage at the Fort Myer com
missary. which obtains its suppiy
Dr. Fowler qualified his statement
of no ice famine by pointing out
that the strictest economy is neces
sary to prevent one.
Cuoiiider Drastic Measures.
Drastic measures to epnserve iae. K I
was announced last night, will be j
taken at a meeting of the oonserva- i
t.on commission tomorrow morning. .
It is probable that the use of cracked
Ice in soft driks and other non-essen- t
tial customs will be ordered discon- |
Difficulty in ootainin? ice was a city
wide condition yesterday. In some
1 exilities ice boxes went empty. Thobe
living within reach of an ice plant
were able to obtain only a small
amount, the rule being only a 10-cent
piece to each individual.
A representative of The Washing
ton Herald tried yesterday to purchase
Ice at the American Ice Company for
Uie in this newspaper's water coolers
and was informed that only one block
was lctt in the p!ant. fifty pounds ot
which was to go to a police captain.
Hospital Plant Aids.
Providence Hospital, which main
tains a private plant, furnished ice to
scores yesterday who were unable to
obtain it elsewhere.
When its resources were nearly ex-;
9 hausted the practice was discontinu- ;
ed. It was the third day on which
residents in the neighborhood and for
blocks around had called upon the
hospital for relief. Its plant is being
operated day and night.
Dr. Fowler said last night that
hospitals would be supplied with ice ;
at all costs and declared that the Cas
ualty case had not been brought to
hi.-* attention. This was borne out by .
the hospital authorities.
According to a statement to The i
CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO.
Mobs Clamor for Prisoner
Who Admits Slaying
Chicago. July 28.?Thomas Fitz-!
gcrald. confessed slayer of 6-year-old
Janet Wilkinson. was formally .
charged with murder today
Slightly stopped, spectacled and as
cetic appearing. Fitsgerald coldly told
the court he had nothing to say. He ?
was held without bail for the grand
Contrasted with Fitzgerald's cool- '
ncss was the rage of Janet's father.
Throughout the arraignment he strug- j
gled with two detectives, arguing with j
them in undertones. He appeared
ready to spring upon the man who for j
five days held him in a torment of I
suspense while an entire city hunt**] j
the lost girl.
How Chicago was stirred was in- j
d lea ted by the crowds collecting
wherever Fitsgerald was scheduled to ,
appear. Outside the coroner's office
a mob collected, yelling "Bring him i
out. don't try him. give him to us!"
?*Let'? hang him!"
Crowds gathered also in the county
building and at the police station
where he was held.
A heavy guard surrounded the con
fessed slayer, escorting him from cell
and jury roo.u by back ways.
The city council began Immediate
consideration of an ordinance to make >
morons harmless. j
Hotels Waste as
Ice Famine Nears
Yesterday morning a
waiter in a downtown cafe
served a woman a half a
cantaloupe for breakfast.
It was heaped with cracked
ice, weighing not less than
one-third of a pound. The
cantaloupe had been tho
roughly chilled in a refrig
erator before cutting, but
because the "proper" way
to serve a melon is to fill
it with cracked ice, it so
was filled. But the first
thing the woman did, in
order to tat the melon^was
to turn the ice out into a
dish where it melted.
How many salads, al
ready chilled in refriger
ators were served in ice
famine threatened Wash
ington yesterday, slathered
How many pots of boil
ing tea and coffee were
turned over ice in hotels
yesterday to make iced bev
erages? , How many thou
sand pounds of ice would
have been saved had that
tea and coffec been allowed
to cool before it was iced?
How many water glasses
were left on hotel tables
with excess ice melting in
How many pitchers filled
with ice were delivered to
hotel rooms when a pitcher
of water with a medium
sized chunk of ice in it only
How many families would
all these thousands of
pounds of WASTED ice
WU BRANDS JAPAN'S
Declaring that American public
opinion should be forewarned of the
intentions of Japan with regard to
Shantung. Dr. C. T. Wu, one of the
Chinese delegates to the Peace Con
ference, said last night that the
United States should not be deceived
by grandiloquent statements from
Japan that she would return Kiao
chow to China within one year or a
"What China wants," he said, "is
not the shell, but the substance.
Japan may say that she is going
to return Kiaochow within a yrar.
and that the sovereignty of the j
Shantung province will be once
more vested in China, but that will
be a mockery as long as Japan re- j
tains her economic concessions and \
control of the railroads."*
Amsterdam. July 28.?The new in
ternational labor situation, as affect
ed by radical tendencies, was ex
pected to be the chief topic of dla- j
cuss ion before thev International I.A- !
bor Congress, which opened here to-1
day. Samuel Gompers, president of?
the American Federation of Labor,
was among the prominent figures in
The leairue of nations, the proposal'
that Washington be chosen as a meet-!
ing place in October, and selection of
a city as headquarters for the Inter
national federation were among other
subjects on the prorram.
Louiiville Telephone Strike Ended.
The Postoffice Department yester
day received word that the telephone
strike at Louisville ended with all
employes returning to work and waiv
ing claims for back pay and in
COST OF FOOD
So Say Experts at Senate
Probe $ho Are Unable
To Designate Guilty.
U. S. CLERKS SUFFERERS
Ball Charges Wholesalers
i And Retailers Have Con
Comjaring notes with five govern
mental experts, members of the Senate
subcommittee investigating the high
I cost of living in the District yester
| day. considerably strengthened the ar
ray of facts they are gathering with
the object of eliminating the profiteer.
Senator L H. Ball, presided at the
meeting yesterday afternoon in the ab
sence of Senator Sherman- Senator
Arthur Capper was the only other
member of the committee present.
Senator Capper quizzed each of the
experts and clarified many of the
views held by the committee members.
Dr. Royal Meeker, commissioner of
labor statistics, held the floor for the
greater portion of the hour and a half
session. He was followed, In turn, by
Dr. W. B. Moser, of the reclassifica
tion commission, Lieut. CoL Thomas
I W. Miller, former Representative from
| Delaware, W. Y. Durand. of the Fed
; eral Trade Commission, and N. W.
| Barrflt, formerly of the Federal Trade
j That profiteering in the District
? is growing every day was asserted
; by the experts but they were un
i able to give any specific advice as
; to just how the profiteer works,
who he is and in what manner he
j can be put under the governmental
Dr. Meeker dwelt on the fact that
the District particularly suffers by
profiteering because the majority
of the population consists of gov*
eminent clerks whose salaries do
not keep pace with the soaring
The belief was expressed by Sen
ator Ball that inasmuch as there
| was an enormous demand for food
; stuffs in the District the retailers
and wholesalers had the consumer
i in their power and were charging
: whatever they pleased.
Senator Ball announced that he
! hoped to call another meeting Wed
Attorney Also Denies He
Was Go-Between in Offer
To Ffaggs Bank.
Testifying in behalf of John Skel
ton Williams. Comptroller of the
j Currency, yesterday. Samuel Unter
I myer. a New York attorney, who
j was counsel for Secretary of the
I Treasury McAdoo in the civil suit
brought by the Riggs National Bank,
vigorously refuted testimony given
by Frank J. Hogan. counsel of the
Riggs National Bank.
He corroborated Mr. Williams'
denial that he had represented the
Comptroller in a proposition to
Hogan for renewal of the Riggs
charter on the condition that the
bank officers resign.
Mr. Williams spent much time on
the stand, himself, yesterday. The
hearing will be resumed this morn
Rush Repair Parts To
Border Girdling Plane
i New York. July 28. ? Preparations
! were being made today to rush new
| parts for the army bombing plane
which was wrecked at Upper Jay. N.
Y.. late Saturday, while on the third
leg of its flight around the borders
of the United States.
The plane was en route from tAu
gusta. Me., to Cleveland, when it be
came lost in the fog.
Crash of Airplane Kills
War Veteran; Pilot Hurt
New York, July 28.?Lieut. Stephen |
B. Johnston, 2S. of Uvalde, Texas, was I
killed and Lieut. Amos O. Payne suf
fered a broken hand when their Cur
tiss airplane fell 300 feet at Haxle- |
hurst flying field near here today, j
while they were trying to make a
landing. Lieut. Payne waa piloting the
Lieut Johnston's neck was broken.
He was an overseas veteran.
Itallian Ambassador Recalled.
Rome. July 28.?The Popolo Ro
mano stated today that Count V.
Macchi Cellere. Italian Ambaauador
to the United 8tatea. had been re
U. S. Armada Steams Through the Panama Canal
The United States battleship Arizona, one of the largest of the 175 vessels in the great fleet that
now on its way to San Francisco.
The above diagram shows how the warships negotiated the locka of the Panama Canal. The gates
are of solid steel, seventy feet high
GETS ONE YEAR
Mrs. Dunn Sentenced to
Prison After Pleading
Guilty to Manslaughter.
| PlttEfleld, Mass , July 3.?The trial
i of Mrs. Gladys C. Dunn for the shoot
ing of her 3-year-old boy was brought
to an abrupt close today when, sob
I bins, the mother unexpectedly plevi
?*' guilty to manslauRhter and was
sentenced to one year at hard labor
| at the Pittsfield House of Correction.
I Soon after the court convened to
, day John Noxen. Mrs. Dunn's attor-'
ney. announced Mrs. Dunn desired to
change her plea of not guilty of sec-!
ond degree murder, on which charge
i she was being tiled, to one of guilty
The trial had progressed three days,
and the defense hid p!eadrd '.hat!
Mrs Dunn was Insane when she shot I
her little boy.
Trembling and ashen. Mrs. Dunn!
today was led to the petitioner's !
In a voice that scarcely could be j
; heard at the opposite end of the
j court, the pretty youns mother said: j
"Ye*?1 Plead guilty to man-!
I She seemed on the verge of col- '
' lapsing and swayed sllphtly. Her!
I ""'band rushed to her side and led
j her to a chair.
. Justice Brown, in pronouncing!
! sentence, said:
"In view of what I believe the!
defendant has suffered and what!
she will suffer, the court Is dis
posed to leniency. Nothing that I !
could impose probably could add to
the torture she has already suffered. I
The court thereby accepts the plea!
I of guilty to manslaughter and ser
: tences the defendant to one year jn '
the Pittsfield House of Correction."'
Mrs. Dunn Is the wife of Allan C.
I Dunn, former magazine editor and
ENGLAND TO IGNORE
U. S. DRY INVADERS
London. July 21?No official action
will be taken by the British govern
ment against the activity of Ameri
can prohibition workers In Great Brit-1
ain. It was Indicated today by Home j
Secretary Edward Shortt
Replying to a query in the House;
of Commons with regard to tgie ac-!
tivity here of American prohibition- i
I ists. the Home Secretary said he pos- i
| sessed no "exact information" on the I
?ubjcct. but did not think It was j
| necessary to forbid their operations !
AS KOLCHAK ENVOY
New York, July 28?Former Rus
sian Ambassador Bakhmetleff. who I
| represented the Kerensky govern- j
j ment at Washington, returned to the |
i United States today on the French
| liner Lorraine, an envoy of the Kol
chak government. He has been In
France as a Russian representative
at the Peace Conference.
Bakhmetleff declared himself much
better satisfied with the Russian
situation, which, he says, is clear
ing. He expected to go to Washing
ton at once.
Hunmerstein Very DL
New York, July 28.?Oacar Ham-|
mersteln, a patient at the Lenox Hill!
Hospital for some time, is in a very |
serious condition, according to a1
statement tonight by the hospital of
ficials. The Impresario la suffering
from diabetes and a complication of
U. S. Pacific Fleet
Near its Station
Panama, July 28.?The
Pacific fleet of the Ameri
can Navy was in Pacific
waters today. Leaving the
canal gate behind last night
it steamed southward
through the gulf on the
way to San Diego, Cal.
The ships were taken
through the Panama canal
Panama celebrated the ar
rival of the fleet heartily.
Hundreds of American sail
lors were given shore leave
Ransom Paid on Advice of
Mexico Which Promises j
To Reimburse Father.
Philip Thompson, the 14-year-old son ,
of John West Thompson, an American ,
citizen, has been returned to his pa- i
rents by the Mexican bandits who j
kidnapped him. The kidnapping took
place last Thursday within thirty
miles of Mexico City where Thomp- |
son has a large ranch, the boy being i
held for 1.500 pesos ransom.
The unusual feature of the case ts
that the Mexican foreign office sug- !
gested to Thompson that he pay the
ransom, and informed him that it
would reimburse him. The State De
partment's announcement of the re
turn of young Thompson said:
"A dispatch from the American
Embassy at Mexico City announced j
the release was effected by the pay- I
ment of the 1,500 pesos demanded, tne ,
foreign office of Mexico recommend
ing payment of this ransonm for fear
the bandits might murder Thompson, j
The foreign office has agreed to re- !
fund the amount of the ransom and '
to take measures for capture and
punishment of the bandits."
MERCIER DUE IN U. S.
ABOUT SEPTEMBER 15
New York, July 28.?Cardinal Mer
cier, Belgium's revered clergyman, is j
expected to reach America between
September 1C and 20, it was stated
here today by his secretary. Dr. Peter
J. Strycker, who arrived aboard the
French liner Lorraine. ,
The cardinal expects to make his
home with Cardinal Gibbons in Balti
more during his stay here at the In
vitation of the latter. He will visit
New York, Washington, Chicago,
Portland, Ore., and other cities of the
Northwest in addition to Baltimore,
1,500 D. C. ORPHANS
ELKS OUTING GUESTS
Elk? of the District of Columbia will
entertain 1.500 orphans from the asy
lum* of the city at Olen Echo Park
It has been the Elks custom for
twenty years to entertain the city's
orphans at one of the amusement
parks annually. The day's outing was
to have been held last week but was
postponed by rain.
FIGHTS TO SAVE
Battle Victims Are Now
Held in Madhouses.
Using reported conditions at St_
Elizabeth's? the Government Insane
Asylum here?a-- & pivot. Representa
| tivt Carl W. Ricketts (Ohio) announc
ed last n]|ht he Wf?u!d fr.slst that
Congress appropriate money to prop
erly care for America's shell-shocked
troops, instead of 'forcing them to!
suffer among lunatics."
Representative Ricketts yesterday !
afternoon introduced a resolution ask- !
ing an investigation of reports that ;
shell-shocked soldiers "who rassed
through a veritable hell on the bat
tlefields of France" are now being
treated in insane asylums in various |
States. He said that he had made <
a personal tour through St. Eliza
beth's in Anacostia, and that he was
now determined to fight this Issue
and force a showdown in Congress
The bill was referred to tfe Military j
Mr Ricketts said last night he was
originally impelled to introduce the j
resolution after he had received a
petition bearing 500 names from New
Straitsville. Ohio, which is In his '
IN PLANE CRASH
Passenger-La^len Airship j
Turns Tuhle During
Carrying twelve passengers, a
large Handley-Page bombing ma
chine, twin-motored, was forced by
engine trouble to make a precipit
ous descent from a 2 000-foot alti
tude into the field of E. M. Penning- !
ton. a farmer, living three miles out?
of Kinsale, Va_. which is about
eighty miles from Washington.
In landing the huge airship turn
ed turtle, and although her passen- !
gers were badly shaken, none, so far
as has been determined, sustained
any serious injury.
Lieut. Robert H. Sells, the pilot,
was returning from Washington to
Hampton. Va_. from whence he had
set out on a return trip. In coming j
here he covered the distance from
Hampton, Ya~. about 170 miles air
line, in 100 minutes.
Italy Defeated Austria
Unaided, Nitti Asserts
London. July 28 ?A news agency j
dispatch from Rome today quoted
Premier Nitti, speaking before the
Italian Senate, as saying:
"We have overthrown Austria-Hun
gary unaided. Despite the treaties
which provided for our support, no
one can say Italy did not win the
Ex-Kaiaer Hants New Hobe.
Amerongen, July 28.?The former
Kaiser is seeking a new residence. It
developed today when It was learn
ed his agents have fcone "house
hunting" in the vicinity of Ameron
gen. Wilhelm desires to leave the
Dutch caatle of Couat Bentinck. in
which he la Uving now. It la stated.
NEGRO MOB ATTEMPTS
TO EREAK INTO STATE
ARMORY TO GET GUNS
Four Regiments of Soldiers Ordered Out to
Quell Fighting?Hospitals Filled with
I Wounded in Clash on South Side of Lake
City?Five Hundred Policemen Are
Thrown Against Rioters.
Chicago, July 28.?Folio wing aa attempt of a mob of negrow
to break into an armory and seize rifles. Mayor Thompson to Bight
wired Cot. Frank D. Lowden requesting that four rrpmrnts of militia
j be rushed here to quell the rioting.
Fifteen deaths were reported tonight. The rioting continued
throughout the night, negroes and whites firing pistols and rifle*.
Hospitals are filled with the woonded. which the police tought esb
mated at 200.
Fotr UffimrBU Moblli*^ *
The militiamen of four regiments
were ordered mobilized and gather
ed at the armories awaiting: orders
from Gov. Lowden.
Following the attack by the
negroes on the armory on the South
side, In which four men wer^ killed
and ten wounded. 600 policemen
were rushed to the scene with or
ders to shoot to kilL
AdJL Gen. Frank S. Dickson* in
command of the Illinois National
Guard, reached here tonight from
Springfield. He took personal
charge of the affected area.
In the vicinity of Thirty-fifth and
State streets, the heart of the "black
belt," the most serious problem con
fronted the authorities. More than
2,500 negroes, many of them stock
yard workers, congregated. threa-ten
.ng to move against the white*. Two
blocks distaJR a mob of 'fatty -000
white men gathered, ready to repel
an attack or launch an assault if la
ARGENTINA WILL BAR
MAGYAR RED LEADER
Buenos Aires. July 28.?Bela Kun.
Hungarian soviet dictator, will not
be admitted to Argentina, accord
ing to the general impression here
today. Governmen* officials declined
to comment on Bela Kun's reported
flight to the Argentine before they
were notified officially of his inten
Recent reports from Switzerland
said Bela Kun wsis preparing to
flee to Argentina, but d^patches
since then. indicated he Is still the
dominant factor In Hungarlsn af
WILL CEDE CYPRUS
TO GREECE, IS RUMOR
Athens. July 2S.?Great Britain has
decided to cede the island of Cyprus
to Greece, it is reported here. The
report said Gen. Allenby had per
mitted a Greek agent at Cairo to in
form the Greek authoritlea.
The island of Cyprus, the third
largest in the Mediterranean, was ad
ministered until November 10. 1909. by
Great Britain under an agreement with
Turkey, as nominally It was part of
the Turkish empire On the outbreak
of hostilities with Turkey, however,
the island was annexed by Great
PEACE FEELER TALE
London. July 28 ?The peace -feeler"
of 1917 disclosed by Finance Minister
Erzberger In the German National
Assembly originated at the Vatican,
it was learned today from an authori
tative British source
It was stated that Britain, rep'y- (
ing to the Vatican's inquiry, merely j
Indicated that Germany must fulfill j
certain conditions with regard to Bel- ?
glum before negotiations could be en- j
Serbia Admits Mutinies
Of Troops Occurred
Belgrade. July 2S.?Mutinies by de- \
tachments of infantry and cavalry j
at Marburg, in Styria, on July 22 and |
23 were admitted offic.ally today by j
the Serbian government.
The mutinies were inspired by tor- J
eigners. it Is charged Order was
restored by loyalists. Three persons
were killed and eleven wounded. Some
arrests have been made
Bauer's Fall Explained.
Copenhagen, July 28.?Herr Bauer.
Austrian foreign secretary, was led
to resign because the allies suspect- |
ed he was working foT a unicn be- !
tween Austria and Germany, reports!
from Vienna aaid today.
?or?bte opportunity often* Hundred.
"'cro dockyards worker* were held
In the yard. after .orl, by the
N"? ?'??< Betweea
Mounted police, augmented bv scores
of Patrolmen. Mood guard In the^ST^
ixsores Of arrest, for carryteuTToIi;
? n.ght^buTT?' Were n0t comp"1' ???
The noting started laat
! ' r -1 for **'?? pco?Je
~ '?***? u> **
Mpo bo~ ?" emrm< grd ? r,
rr.rfM'/.r t- vno^d'rr?
, a rart by a ttone hurled bv a whir
m.n ^?ded to further in^"^
, w'h;. ?xrrl n,od,v ?"u"~
wV .tt.-vh,t/ V%7^
hood?pur??ei'^fe T I*
p* "f""1"; BJOr? thfiri "tr!no"
cf bot!' r?"? were Involved
Dragged Oft VtMrln.
whne 7 sxdk7robj
SS&SmTX rl<"n,t ,h'car*
attacked in the aame way A whtt.
man riding . blcyclr fro? ~h,,?
m" h>' * "?-<1 ?' -rro
uncon.clouni0","1 "d b,,t,n
bela kun defeated.
CALLS UP NEW ARMY
Vienna. July S-Following the
j P"l* of hi. Bolshevist am,,, by the
[ Rum*m?". Bela Kun. the Soviet chief
! of Hungary, has mobilised all Hun
j Karian men from the age. of ]7 to
I SO. It is learned from Budapest lata
The Hungarian Red army ha. (rif
fered a heavy defeat with sever*
FOR AIR MAIL
U. S. Scientists Invent Radio
! Coil to Steer Aviators
To Route Stops.
! Uncle Sams scientists, at the r?
Quest of the Postoffice Department
have come to the aid of the aviator
who. often lost while flymg ,t n,ght
through the foggy ?.\0 Man s Lard"
of the air with h:s cargo of mal'.
looks about uncertainly for hU land
The man who Is superintending t^.e
experiment to this end being c a
dreted at the government fl>1 >*
grorrd at College Park. Md . |? J
A. Willoughby. who worked o t V?
method of signaling Ixtween subma
rlnea In co-operation with the Nary
The signaling method now In uee
enables the aviator to reach tha
general neighborhood of hi. place of
landing The new apparatus being
tested out bring, the flier to tha
exact spot for landirg by means of
? (Ingle turn of wire, setting up a
ma*netlc disturbance In a coll of
wire around the lower wing of the
plane. The height at which the sig
nal may be heard depends upon the
noisa made by the plane's engine.
The Postcflice Department has or
dered equipment for the new method
of Signaling Installed at the landing
stations along Its air mail routaa.
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