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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, July 30, 1919, Image 1

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The Net Grculation o/ the Waslmgton Herald Yesterday Was 44,023
Crowds Fight to Purchase
Rations Doled Out as Au
thorities Seek Way to
Bring Relief from Acute
Shortage in District.
Barge on Way from Hudson
River ShouJd Be Here in
Week ? Citizens Are
Again Urged to Be More
Conservative in Use.
Crowds fought for ice in Washing-1
ton yesterday.
| There were 12.000 tons In storage, but
th s supply i? being held for special j
Ice plants throughout the city were j
besieged by thousands who scrambled (
for the privilege of purchasing a 10- :
cent chunk, the maximum allowed by j
the ice commission.
Dozens of delivery wagons were idle. J
j Housekeepers were forced to throw j
k away their dinners when meats and .
' other perishable foodstuffs spoiled in
I iceless boxes.
There was excitement about the Ice- |
making plants, as men. women and I
children fought their way to platforms j
| where small quantities were doled. j
Crvwia Line Up at Plant*. j
Robert F. Bradley, of 2226 Penn-|
I sylvania avenue southeast, motored j
[ from Twining City to the Carry j
plant on D street, between Thir-,
| teenth and Fourteenth, to get a,
supply for his family. He found
| the vicinity packed by hundreds of
automobiles, wagons and pushcarts.
?The cry was for ice?more ice
Bradley said, "but the men en
gaged in passing out the chunks,
j had orders to sell but 10 ccnts
worth to each person and the or
der was obeyed to the letter. The
business man who came for lrfO
pounds and the poor man with hiJ
dime were required to accept the
small amount or do without, n The
I people were in lines that extended
, for more than a block."
j Similar conditions were reported
; 'from the Hygienic Company's plant
| ?t Thirteenth and E streets north
east and Chapin-Sacks establish
ment at First and M streets north
lU.OOO Ton* D. C. Sorplnn.
Dr. William C. Fowler. District
health office and chairman of the
Tee Conservation Committee, said
last night a surplus supply of 12.800
tons is being held.
Arrangements were made at a meet
ing of the committee yesterday to
draw on the reserve eno'igh to ac
commodate sales of "5 pounds to
each person at all distributing
An American Ice Company barge. I
with 1.M0 tons aboard, leaves the
Hudson River for Washington to- j
night it was announced last night, j
This will be followed by, a baagf
load of 1** ton' every four or live ^
dayS xhe trip requires approximate- :
ly a week.
One thousand tons a day is the I
| present output here. Dr. Fowler said, j
with the consumption about 1,500 tons.'
Plants Ron nt Capacity.
in an effort to meet the demand all :
ic? plants are running at capacity. '
?M?d bv plentif.il labor and material.
? Pj. Fowler issued an appeal to the 1
Icily yesterday to conserve by ellm- j
inating Ice >n water or the ?ervinSi
of it with foods.
"If ice consumers exercise a res-!
?finable econon- Hluring the next four j
weeks there wu. b. not the slightest |
danger of an ice famine." he de
Representative Rainey. Democrat,
discussed the Irish situation with
president Wilson yesterftay. The
conference was entirely confiden
tial. >,r R?ine>' said, but there was
no mistaking the fact that he v?as
very much encouraged as the result
of what the President told him.
??What the President said. I think
I am privileged to say." Mr. Rainey j
stated, "satisfied me that he knows
more about the Irish situation than
anybody else in this country. I feel
confident that he will handle the
matter to the eventual satisfaction
cf the Irish people and everybody
else concerned "
Drink Co*t* Bmrkeep $10. .
| New York. July 49.?When Harry
I peed, bartender, succumbed to the
I 11 ? HT of * "nice man" *nd ?*"
^'ee nip ?' he dl<Jn't know
[7h* customer wu a detective. Me
discovered it when fined 110. I
Kansas City. Kan., July ^9.?Fitaroy
K. Simpson, formerly a lieutenant in
the 30th Field Artillery (below) was
shot by an unknown man while riding
with his sweetheart. Miss Evelyn
Hall, in Kansas City's most exclusive
residence section. According to Miss
Hall, she was putting on the former
officer's coat when a man's head and
a hand holding a revolver were inrujt
into the electric and a voice said. "Get
out, quick." The lieutenant stepped
out and was shot dead.
Gould Charges Ambassador
Did Not Tell the Whole
Truth About Mexico.
Charging that Henry P. Fletcher
American Ambassador to Mexico
' "colored" his testimony last week be
fore the House rules committee. Rep
resentative Gould declared to th?
committee yesterday that this fac?;
made an early investigation of the
Mexican situation all the more neces
sary. Mr. Gould Is the author of a
resolution providing for an investi
The New York member said the
Ambassador's testimony was marked
by inaccuracies, and that he attempt
ed to withhold information from th<
committee. He charged further that
Mr. Fletcher himself has not been
permitted to penetrate the veil of se
crecy with which the State Depart
ment has persistently clouded the
Mexican problem, and that the Am
bassador had his eves closed and ears
stopped except to the Carranza gov
Hot Weather and Poor
Health Given as Reason
for Postponement.
President Wilson's proposed tour of
the country on behalf of the peace
treaty and the lea-sue of nations' cov
enant suffered another postponement
yesterdy. He is not expected to leave
until sometime between August 20 and
30. It was originally planned that
the President make the trip within
two weeks on his return from France.
While the present hot weather,
coupled with the President's recent
indisposition, represents the official
explanation of the postponement of
the trip, it is generally believed that
the situation in the Senate has caused
the President to devote all of his time
for the present to "missionary" work
in the ranks of the Republican Sena
tors. who are opposed to the treaty
and the league in their present form.
It was announced at the White
House yesterday that the President
would see four Republican Senators
today and three on tomorrow. Those
on the list today are Senators Dilling
ham. Harding, Fernald and Lenroot.
For tomorrow engagements have been
made for Senators New, Watson and
Keyeg. Senators New and Lenroot
have already notified the White House
of their acceptance of the President's
invitation, and the other acceptances
are expected to be in by today.
Polk Is Reported
To Have Thrace Terms
Paris. July 29.?Frank L. Polk,
undersecretary of State, arrived here
today to succeed Lansing as head of
the American peace delegation.
Polk may have brought with him
new instructions from President WU
son with regard to the disposition of
Thrace, it was said today, although
it was stated on the highest author
ity that America will insist on Bul
garia a rifht to (Mb Urriiorjr.
Secretary Baker Instructed
to Distribute Vast Stores
at Once.
D. C. Postoffice Prepares]
to Help Step to Lower
Prices. i
Washington letter-carriers with
in three days will be taking order* j
from housewives for surplus army j
foodstuffs at rock bottom prices. |
Today Secretary of War Baker j
' will be handed a resolution unani- ,
Lously passed in the House yester-j
j day afternoon calling upon htm to j
; use immediately the postoffice ma- j
j chinery to its fullest capacity i* j
1 distributing by parcel post much j
; needed staples that at present are j
1 serving no useful purpose in army j
warehouses. This means that the .
| vast army supplies aggregating I
341,000,000 pounds of foodstuffs will j
J be brought to the very front door J
I of the consumer. It also means
j that Representative M. Clyde Kelly j
! has won the most practical victory ]
j yet recorded in the fight to down ,
1 the high cost of living.
| Postmaster M. O. Chance, when no- I
; tilled of the action of the House last
| night, said he would immediately lay ,
| plans to co-operate.
i Other Xeeeaaltle. A Heeled.
| Volunteer and spasmodic efforts on
the part of public-spirited citizens will
J no longer be needed to get the surplus
! foodstuffs of the War Department to
j consumers. From today on It will be
I the specific duty of the Postoffice ma
j chinery of the country to All the
housewife's market-basket.
t Not only will opportunity be given
! for the Washington consumer to get
! four kinds of meat and four kinds of
vegetables, but. In the near future,
thousands of blankets and other arti
cles of men's wear will be declared
surplus and be distributed to the
I door.
All day yesterday members of the
House of Representatives conducted a
bitter fight along party lines on the
food question.
Call" on Fostolllce.
When Representative Kelly saw
that his bill had no chance of pass
| tns. and even if It did, no immediate
'action would result, he substituted
j the resolution, which wag carried by
[ a strict party vote. Later it was
found that no means of distribution
was provided, and it was here that
the telling* stroke was made, when
Mr. Kelly injected an amendment
I calling upon the postoffice machinery
j of the country to deliver the food
j stuffs by parcel post. The vote'on the
resolution was 266 to 4.
John G. McOrath. former secretary
of the Park View Citizens' Associa
tion. who has been Instrumental In
securing the food for the people of
Washington, said last night that he
thought the method of distributing It
through the postofflces would be ex
cellent for the rural districts.
"But," he stated, "I feel confident
I that the community centers would be
I the most efficient medium for the city
1 of Washington."
Senator Charges Pa. Bank
ers Oppose Comptroller,
But Afraid to Appear.
Senator Boles Penrose, chairman
of the Finance Committee, who at
; tended the sessions of the Senate
1 Banking' Committee which Is pass
| ing on the fitness of John Skelton
j Williams, Comptroller of the Cur
! rency. to succeed himself. Inter
rupted a continuous line of testi
mony in favor of Mr. Williams
when he declared that "three-quar
ters of the bankers In Pennsylvania
are opposed to his reappointment,
but are afraid to testify against
Mr. Penrose added that he nad
received so many complaints In re
gard to Mr. Williams' administra
tion that he had been consider
ably impressed. Mr. Williams re
fTuted such testimony by malntaln
| ing that there is "secret propa
ganda" at work throughout the
I country to stifle Just regulation of
Senator McLean, chairman of this
I committee, announced yesterday after
noon that the hearings on the nomlna
1 tlon of Mr. Williams wlH be concluded
after Mr. Williams has finished hi#
refutation of charges, with additional
testimony from Frank J. Hogan and
I William Nelson Cromwell, attorney!
I tor Um Ri?*? National Buk.
Skipper Saves Ship That Hits Berg
New York, July 39.?The quick wit of a skipper, who remem
bered the side-ripping, glancing blow that sent the Titanic to the
bottom, saved the steamer Grampian from a similar fate. When an
iceberg loomed before his ship, lie sent the craft head-on against
the ice. The bow was pushed far in, and two men were killed,
but the ship and scores of lives were saved.
Mob Clamors For Fiend
As Girl Victim Is Buried
Little Janet Wilkinson. Lies Under Flower
Mound As Slayer Crouches In
Chicago Cell.
Chicago. July 29.?Little Janet Wll
! kinson lies tonight beneath a mound
j heaped with flowers.
The body of the six-year-old girl,
who was choked to death by Thomas
| R. Fitzgerald, was followed to the
| grave by hundreds.
. The moron murderer crouched in a
J cell In a Jail, fearful of violence.
"Lynch Hla,M Cries Mob.
A mob that cried "lynch him!" had
to be held back by strong lines of
police as Fitzgerald was taken to
prison after he had been indicted.
The church bells were ringing
Sunday morning when the body of
! Janet Wilkinson was taken from
its hiding place, ringing solemnly,
' calling to prayer.
The sun was shining from the
i front windows into the damp, smelly
| basement of the building at 112-114
I East Superior street, shining on the
Baker Gives Estimate in
Answer to Question Re
garding Booze Bill.
The army will be demobilized down
to the peace-time strength about Sep
tember 30, Secretary of War Baker
told the House military affairs com
mittee yesterday.
Baker made his statement in reply
to questions of Representative La
Guardla as to when the war time
1 prohibition act could be lifted. He
! did not comment, however, on wheth
i er the President would lift the ban on
I that date/
j The Secretary also revealed that a
i small American army will be kept In
Germany until it is certain that the
terme of the peace treaty have been
k fulfilled. For military reasons, "he
j asked that the number not be pub
! lished. It is understood the force will
j be made up laigely of volunteers.
War Department
Wants $450,000
To Pay Phone Bill
The War Department
, will not be able to pay
even its telephone bill for
the next fispal year out of
the appropriation for con-v
tingent expenses carried in
the last army bill, Secre
tary Baker wrote the
House yesterday.
He asked tfiat the appro
priation be increased from
$100,000 to $550,000, after
seating that the depart
ment's monthly telephone
bill was still $23,000.
| poiicetneh grouped Nther?, upon the
pitiful bundle of rags, all covered
I with fine coal dust, and upon the'
| man, who stood a little away from
I the others, head bent, bands trem
I bling, Thomas Fitzgerald, the slayer.
Fitzgerald had confessed; had ta
Iken the police into the basement;
his shaking finger had pointed out'
the spot where lie had placed th* \
poor little body of the girl he
"liked"; and had stood by while it
was uncovered, and taken from its
place between an old iron flue and
the wall.
The sun was bright, the birfls
sang in the t*ees outside, motors
and motor buses hummed over the
slick wide drive nearby, and men
and women and childrt-n in thefr
Sunday best. prayer books and
roaarien in their hands, were on
their way to church.
I The Wilkinson family, who live
upatairs on the third floor at 114.
w*ere up. dreading the new day that
could bring them. they thought,
only more anxiety, more bitterness
of heart, and. in proportion. Just
ithat much less of hope.
i John S. Wilkinson. the father,
i was bathing.
Neither he nor his wife had slept
much. And when they had *lept
j they dreamed nightmares. The chil
dren .?at about, dull, sorrowful; all
'save Jean, the littlest one. who
| prattled aw if the Cays had not
i changed since sister Janet went
j away.
They didn't know, any of them,
that the police were downstairs, that
(Janet had been found; didn't know
I that Fitzgerald had confessed.
I They heard the newsboys calling
("Extra! Fitzgerald confesses"?and
it was only then they knew.
In the first few moments of the
new shock of grief it was feared
that the mother would go mad.
would die.
Blast of Gasoline Torch in
j Semmes' Garage Injures
Foi'r Others.
| One man dead, three dying and four
| others in the hospital is the toll taken
by the explosion of a gasoline torch
in the repair shop of the Semmes
Motor Car Company, 613 G street
northwest, shortly before 1 o'clock yes
terday morning.
M. D. Libby, 812 Sixth street north
west, died at 9;4o last night at Emer
gency Hospital. Physicians at that
institution said last night that Will
lam P- Kyle. 1004 Thirteenth street
southeast, probably will die.
J.* S. Klotz. Salisbury, N. C., at
Emergency Hospital, and Eugene
Arnold. Mt. Ranier, Md-, at Casualty
Hospital, are in a critical condition.
Others l$ss severely Injured are: B.
F. Bottlemey. 44 Eleventh street north
east; A. S. Nally, 27 L street north
east; E. E. Boger, 217 First street
northwest, and Henry Kienle, 364 N
street southwest, all at Emergency
The men were working on the
third floor of the establishment
near a gasoline torch used to heat
the frames of automobiles, when
the tank, containing about five
gallons, exploded. The force of the
explosion knocked down some of
the men who were covered with
the flaming liquid.
Fire damaged automobiles under
repair and the garage itself. The j
employes and building are insured, i
Developments Follow Thick
and Fast 0:1 Heels of
Wilson's Message.
Conference at White House
Gives Executive Line on
How Vote Will Be Cast.
Important development* in the
Senate in connection with the peace i
treaty and th> league of nations i
were recorded yesterday. They J
were: t
1?President Wilson sent to the i
Senate the proposed treaty with i
France promising the aid of the
United States in the event Germany
should again attack the French
2?The Foreign Relations Com
mittee announced that public hear- j
ings on the peace treaty will be
gin tomorrow morning with Ber
nard m Baruch as the first wit
ness. Mr. Baruch was a member
of the Inter-Allied Council and one
of the financial advisers of the
American Peace Commission.
3?Senator Thomas. Democrat, at
tacked the league of nations in a
Senate speech and declared it would
not prevent war
Wlltoa See? Leaders.
4?Senators Hitchcock and Swan
son. administration looders. con
ferred with the President at the
' White House and Informed him
' that there will be forty Senators
who will vote as a unit against
Traction Employes Tie Up
j Systems as Race Riots
Spread Death.
! Chicago. July 2?.-WMte Chicago
writhed in the grip of race riots
today a traction strike piled up the
i city's troubles. Fifteen thousand
' employes disregarded orders of
union officials and walked ouU
No attempt will be made, it was
announced, to operate either sur
face or elevated lines. The strike
started at an hour when Chicago
? si. pt. Hundreds of thousands of
toilers went to station* and street
car crossings, waiting for cars, not
j knowing the strike had gone into
i effect. There had been no previous
1 warning for last night. It was be
< lieved. when news spread that an
agreement had been reached be
tween union chiefs and street car
! heads that a strike had been
| averted.
Decision o{ the roert to walk out
came at a mass meeting where union
chiefs presented the terms of the
agreement with the street car com
panies. When U B. Brand, member
of the international board of the car
men's union, attempted to
terms, he was howled down before tie
had completed his statement
William Quinlan, president of the
elevated line union, who was p"?ld
lng. rapped for order and shoutedI
"It's all over. we strike
o'clock" _ . ..
At 4 o'clock every surface and ele
vated line car was in the barn and not
a wheel moved.
Leonard A. Busby, president of the
Chicago surface lines. In setting forth
the position of the street car manage
ments. said: ,
"Our offer gave the trainmen receiv
ing the maximum wage of 4s cents an
hour. (6 cents an hour-an increase of
17 cents an hour?and a like increase to
all other employes; an eight-hour
and time and one-half for overtime.
The offer Increased the c?"l,
service to the public. Including the
direct wage increase, the bonus time
and overtime allowances inslsteo upo^
to the amount of about JS.000.000 per
terms, admitted!;- fair In
excess of the wages and
conditions anywhere else in the
country, were flatly rejected by
the men, and a strike called with
out even giving the public notice
fThe first day of the strike P"8^
without disorder save for an . -
tack on a street car that had be _n
left outside a barn. A crowd sur
rounded the car. set it afire and
hooted firemen who responded to
the alarm.
Ready to Smite
London, July 28. -Preparations are
complete for a Franco-Serbian ad
vance Into Hungary if Be la Kun doe*
no* comply with the allies demand.,
i it wai understood hero U>day.
32 Dead,500Hurt;
Torch Applied as
Race Riots Spread
. ?
Traction Strike Forces Hundreds of Thou
sands Into Vortex of Mad Struggle?Police
Head Still Refuses to. Hold Troops Held
Ready With Fixed Bayonets?Gov. Low
den on Scene?Disorder Breaks Out All
Over City.
Chicago, July 29.? The third night of race noting saw bo abate
ment of violence. The rioting bai spread to every section of the city,
and bands of blacks and whites wage continuous guerilla warfare.
Fire had added to the reign of terror. Incendiary blazes were
frequent in the negro district Fire companies responding to the
alarms were fired upon, and orders were issued for all companies to
be fnrnlihed with arms. Two fire houses were rushed and fired upon
by mobs.
The city, with its 150-006 negro population, presented a strange
aspect of terror. The people on the streets in the businea district
and there were hundreds of thousands of them, forced to walk by the
street car strike, moved with fear and apprebc nsion At this corner
or that comer some one would spy a negro, and in a moment the
mob would gather.
The number of dead is not definitely known, but the police re
i port thirty-two bodies in morgues tonight. The list of injured has
g'Own beyond counting. The hospitals are filled to overflowing.
The polict report at least 500 injured.
In the great sections of the 'l^lack belt" ?be appearance of a
(white face was the signal for a volley of rifle and pistol shots. The
.case of Harold Rignadell serves to illustrate. He had a business
| mission in the South State and Thirty-fifth district, populated almost
? wholly by negroes. He walked into the death trap not realizing
j his danger. The street was almost deserted. A few negroes watched
him. Suddenly there was a crash of arms from a cottage. Rignadell
fell with six bullet holes in his body. He was rescued by police,
with a fire truck, but died before reaching the hospital.
A detail of police braved a volley^
of bullets and took the cottage by!
storm. Four women and nine men.
all negroes, were arrested. Two re
volvers. 500 rounds of ammunition!
and some knives and razors were
found concealed in the building.
"I shot that white man." bragged
a negro woman. 'The whites have
? been killing us decent colored folks,
j We have to protect ourselves."
| Soldiers of the Fourth Regiment,
j ordered from Camp Logan, reached
I here tonight. Their march through
j tha streets with fixed bayonets ap
l peared to impress the rioters. Three
?other regiments were assembled at
! armories ready for duty. Bayonets
i were fixed and 100 rounds of am
! munition issued to every man. Ma
j chine guns were mounted and made
j ready for action.
But Chief of Police Garrity was
' not ready to admit the police could
| not handle the situation. He con
J ferred with Adjt. Gen. Dickson, who
I was alarmed by outbreaks of rioting
Salients Facts of
Riots and Strikes
Known dead. 32; 500 Injured.
Hospital* filled to overflowing
Four thousand troops with
fixed bayonets held ready for
action. Firemen provided with
Gov. Lowdrn apprals to offi
cial* for complete co-operation.
Rioting spread* all ovrr city.
Both white and negro rioters
use automobiles to eruifte nronnd
city, shooting indiscriminately.
Race prejudice has grown
since 50,000 negroes outgrew
"black belt," and encroached on
white families.
State's Attorney Hoyne blame*
Thompson police administration
and politics for trouble, ami nay*
lawless white* and negroe* have
been given police "protection."
The compromise offer of the
electric railway ecmpitnies which
was rejected and the demnnd of
the men follows
15.000 employe* Involved who
demand 75 cents an hour. 8
hotir day.
Wage per dny, S6| time and a
half for overtime.
Seventy per cent of run* to b*
completed in S hour*. All run*
to be completed in fourteen
Six-day week.
Sixty-five cent* an h'
surface lines; 07 centre*
for elevated system. ^
Average wnge per '?
8-hour day. Time and i
A11 run* to be compx
thirteen hours fur "L"
fourteen for surface
?mp.? .
[/* ut? . nd J
in the business district. Two ne
groes were killed in the business
district during the day.
Adjt. Gen. Dickson urged th?
troops be used.
"My men are ready," he told Chie<
Garrity. ?'Crowds are gathering
dangeroualy and a new outbreak
may come at any moment."
Got. Lowdrn'a ^tatramt.
Governor Low den, before going into
conference m-ith Mayor Thompson is
sued the following statement ir. regard
to the riot situat.on tonight:
"The troops ai e ready for action
We do not know at what moment it
will be necessary to use them I hop*
it will not be necessary. In my opin
ion the use of troops will rot be neces
"I appeal to all officials for complete
co-operation. It is my opinion that
ti?ere is no pc.nt in going Into th?
question who is responsit'e for these
race riots. They are here, ard tha
thing to do is to restore order. When
order is restored, then it will be time
to settle the responsibility and punish
the guilty.
"Now the ma n thing to do is tc
"restore and maintain order. If w?
all keep our heads and all co-operate
we will handle the situation success
fully because a large majority of th?
people, both white and black, are law
abiding and desire to maintain order.
1 "It is my intention to remain her*
on the job unt.l the whole matter it
Got. L?w4rn A*k* Aid.
Governor Lowden called city offi
cials, welfare workers, business mer
'and negro le^dc;.- to a conference to
J day. He told the body that the cause
) of the race riots doe. noi matter.
: that they must be ended by full co
\ operation of all cla*pes. He made ?
I special appeal to business men to aid.
! saying negroes were dissatisfied mMQi
' the recognition they had received
commercially for their war work.
I A statement signed by Ave negrc
leaders today laid the blame for th*
: riots on "false and misleading article*
| in certain negro papers and the ill ad
' vice given by so-called leaders whe
' have inculcated false ideas in th?
1 minds of many thoughtless colored
people pertaining to their rights upon
termination of the war in Europe, re
gardless of education, property right a
; or citizenship."'
j The statement concluded with the
assertion that the substantial negix
! people desired only full protection of
j the State and city, and punishment of
lawbreakers, white or black,
j Twenty-five negro ex-soldters t->day
i patrolled a portion of the ?"Hack
, belt" with white policemen. . The sol
1 diers were charged with keeping their
| own people moving.
Take Refuge In Police Siatier a.
Police stations in the negro d'^tricf
are filled with lrjured and frigl .?ned
I residents of the "black belt" se< ;inf
I protection. Others were carer. f*.r is
| city hospitals and police st *lon?
farther removed from the storm en?
*%te militiamen were held, fully
^. ^v?th rli>t ammunition la
-m arise Gov Lx>wdon. here tc
? with city officials ovtr the rlo#
Iand street car strike, instructed the
adjutant general to "ush troops to tbo
oocmvTED ok rjLG* two,

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