THE WASHINGTON HERALD
CLIXTOX T. BRAINARD President and Elit?r
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING BY
The Washington Herald Company
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L M. BELL Publisher
R. O. RRYAMT... BbiImu Manager
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Entered at the post office at Waahlnton. D. C.. aa second-class mall
THURSDAY, JULY 3t, 1919.
Wise Men and Wall Street.
Wall Street is supposed \to be peopled by wise if not clever per
sons. There are some wise ones but the percentage of middle class
intelligence or low class probably is as pronounced in the Street of
Gold as anywhere else in the land.
A remarkable illustration of the purblindness even of some of
the leaders or near leaders is furnished in the advertisement of a
stock flotation by two banking concerns.
, In the statement of the business they show that tjie returns were
Year. Gross Sales. Net Profits.
1916 ? $.m.735.637 $2,012,937
1917. ? 23,700,722 2,600,747
1818 ? ? 24,502,376 3.501,340
What the capitalization of the business was in these three years
is not indicated. ,
Roughly the figures indicate that the business had a profit of
9Yi per cent in 1916 on its sales of goods, which is a pretty fair show
ing; about 11 in 1917 and nearly 15 in 1918. No complaint would be
made with this presentation but for the fact that the figures show
that an increase in sales of $800,000 in 1918 as against 1917 there was
an increase in net profits of $900,000.
Either the profits of 1917 were too small for the volume of busi
ness (and they were not according to trade standards) or the patrons
of the house got a rough deal in 1918.
The grim jest in the whole affair is in the business being known
rather widely and proclaiming itself as a "bargain house" extraordi
The bankers in effect indict the merchants whose business is
being put into a corporation and whose stock shares are being offered
to the public either as being poor business men in 1916 and 1917 when
their net was 10 per cent on the gross turnover or as profiteers in
1918 when they got from the public more of an increase in profit than
there was increase in trade.
Rivals of that new corporation could use the bankers' statements
and make the patrons of the "bargain store" ask some disagreeable
questions. And yet Wall Street bankers do not see how costly, if not
ruinous, the bald Spures they place before the investing public could
be made to that retail establishment.
A $900,000 increase of net profits on an $800,000 increase in busi
ness goes to suggest something as to why there has been so big an
advance in the cost of living.
Baker informs us that the strike of 2,000 prisoners at Leaven
worth will delay consideration of their "claims of amnesty." Must
one remain meek in order to get justice? We tried that doctrinc in
dealing with Germany.
Keeping Boys on the Farm
The way for us to keep boys on the farm is to show them the
profit possibilities of the farm during school years
Apples are the finest fruit in the world.
This is proven by the fact that there is a world-wide demand
Ohio has the finest apple soil in the world.
This is also true of certain parts of most adjoining States.
Yet all the Eastern centers of population import apples from- Ore
gon and pay 10 and 15 ccnts apiece for them.
All that this means is that somebody who knew how to spray
and graft trees lived in Oregon and started to producing apples
there; others saw the profit possibilities by example and did likewise
until a great horticultural industry was built up
This shows what knowledge and will can do in the face of natural
disadvantages and remoteness.
Five years ago an engineer in one of the public power plants
of Cleveland bought a small tract of land near the city and merely
with the idea of a summer camp.
, On this land was an abandoned apple orchard the trees of which
had not been trimmed in thirty years, and that value had not been
taken into consideration in the sale.
This engineer obtained a few months' leave of absence from his
job and he and his wife, a former telephone operator, took a course
in horticulture at the Ohio State University.
They found out how to spray, trim and graft trees.
Last year they cleared ?2,ooo from the once abandoned" apple
orchard on their place
This engineer says that when a boy, 25 years ago, he left a 160
aere farm near Youngstown, Ohio, because he didn't see a living out
That with what he knows now iic would have never left that
farm; that with his present knowledge he could have easily and
cheaply turned its worst acerage into its most profitable acerage.
This engineer further says that he learned nothing in his horti
cultural coursc that could not be taught the average boy in his
school course from the sixth to the eighth grade, and certainly to
more completeness in the high school course.
The fundamental production of wealth in this country is
agriculture?always has been and always will be
The great agricultural future for the Eastern and Central West
States is in the garden and orchard and in order to feed the cities.
The grain crops will be more and more left to the far West where
the acerage is greater and cheaper.
Considering the importance of agriculture in fundamental wealth
production, should we not take it into greater consideration in our
public school courses?not only in the country but in the cities?
When an administration leader gets into a tight argument about
the peace treaty, he clinches the matter by asserting that the league's
friends have the votes to pass it?and there is no argument against
that sort of logic.
Ships and More Ships.
The Emergency Fleet Corporation is turning out ships in fine
style. Up to the middle of July it had delivered 1,096 vessels totaling
6,068,739 dead-weight tons It had launched at the same time 1,524
vessels with a dead-weight tonnage of 8,030,288 and had laid the
keels of 2,081 vessels with .1 dead-weight tonnage of 11,421,111.
The deliveries for the first six and a half months almost equal the
total for 1918.
Between the launching of a ship and its delivery there is a period
of nearly 2 months.
Shipbuilding on the Great Lakes is particularly active, three times
as many men being employed as during the war.
What the production of the American shipyards means may be
appreciated when it is said that the 2,081 vessels whose keels have
been laid represent nearly 60 per cent of the total tonnage of the
pierchant marine of Great Britain before the war.
Taft says the Shantung provision has been the subject of delib
erate exaggeration. At any rate, the tongue part has been exagger
New York, July 30,-Midnight In the
Automat! Does not sound very In
triguing. but It seems to be one of
the high spots of the town at pres
ent with booze gone. All the world
drifts through Its revolving doors at
night. Near the Globe Theater. In
j the heart of the Rlalto, It is proving
a common meeting ground for legit
I Th^ curious brood of night hawks?
I always pasty faced and furtive with
I their glances-move In and out the
: crowds. And I saw a noted million
aire there. Perhaps he was slum
ming. But he got a cut of apple
I pie out of the slot and devoured It
I with striking lest.
j No high caste Brahman ever gave
I more striking evidence of his exalt
f ed position in life than the old codg
ier who came In with a bejeweled
j dowager?obviously his wife?for they
never said a word. He blustered his
j way through the line at the coffee i
I spout and got two cups, leaving a
! gold knobbed cane and a silk hat on
the marble topped table.
At another table two young men in
leaps, with cigarettes hanging from
I loose lips, pored over the race-horse
i forms irt the midnight edition-of the
Morning Telegraph. There was a
feverish look about their eyes. Some
thing told the observer that unless
| Wonder Girl or some other horse
galloped in first the next day, two
nonproducers were going to be en
A bevy of chorus girls, with saucy
j red hats and high white shoes, only
I a few minutes away from their dress
ing rooms, ate Indigestible steaks and
I onions and rapped the leading man. |
j The table d'hote black cat also rub-1
j bed against sympathetic legs and an-1
| klos. and the aged old man selling
the Matrimonial News hoarsely rail-j
Jed out his papers He always, with
no attempt at humor, tailed it the'
j "Matrimonial Noose."
The bilious yellow glare of the mer-'
(cury lights, the clatter of Innumer
able djshes, the hum of voices, now
and then a shout of laughter the!
clang of street, cars and honk of mo-1
tors outside?all give a certain charm!
to this strange metropolitan Mecca 1
With the rising cost of food It may!
I not survive?nobodv knows but It is'
going to have a busy life while It
A well-known New Yorker dropped
Into his favorite liquid dispensary
shop.1* the other day to see If he I
could find a thrill or so In "The old
Oaken Bucket." -Arid Ale," or a
"Sahara Flip" before taking his train'
to Connecticut. Since July 1 he has j
been trying a new kind of soft dringl
every day. He ran Into the proprle-;
[tor. who took him up to. the bar.
'I want you to try one of my light-'
wine specials!" he invited. The New!
1 orker. welcoming a change from
soft drinks, fairly gurgled h's thanks.'
a the bartender lifted the!
(drinks from underneath the bar The
classes were touched In mock for
| mallty of another day, and both drank I
I deep. The New Yorker soon bepan to
strangle. He was drinking straight!
| Scotch whisky. He never liked it
| According to the story told me thatj
I was the proprietor's way of showing
the. bartender thet this man was all
right an.l In the future he could have
what he wanted. I have also been!
j .old that there are innumerable sa
loons where you e?n .re: hard drinks
with the same old abandon?If vou
are known to be "all right."
By Eintrxn vaxck cookk
"'y flrst cousin Ike." Uncle Ichahod
"Was a sawed off runt, with a narrer
And a squeak In his voice and a
[And he marrieri my wife's third
j"Ike prided himself Pn his common
I And he didn't believe in compli
And he braced that he never had
pive his wife
Any soft soap sawder in all their
I f. dar reckonin* comes to all
I And the hottiest pride has eot to
And there's none can tell when Fate
So at last the joke was on Cousin
;"It was after that sick spoil Lizzie
That ike put his foot in bis mouth
[ And we all was there when he mad?
So there wasn't no alibi he could
"So the Joke's_on Ike and it sorto
That a feller is softer than most
And even old Ike could be eloquent
" hei? *he proper time come for a
"For as we was a standin' around
He just couldn't hold In. and he bust
With a compliment for his wife?
And he says. "What a splendid
corpse she is!"
Such Is Life
As It Is Seen
By O. B. JOYFUL
Esmond H. Brooks, two years old.1
heard someone speak of the difficulty ]
a camel might experience getting |
through a needle's eye.
He had a camel, toy wooden camel.
Esmond tried putting it through a
No luck at all.
I Then he swallowed the camel.
That uhs three weeks ago.
Other day a surgeon found the csm
| cl in Esmond's tummy.
Mount Pulaski, 111.?Fifteen hun
dred persona reside here, but no one
i has had a bath in is hours. A con- !
sumer left his faucet open all night
and morning found the town's supply'
That Is one reason why folks desert
the rural district for city yfe.
But on the other hand:
I Willlmantic. Conn. ? Barns and
hay mows in the country are prefera
j ble to sky-high'rents in the city?ex
cept for the barn owners. Farmer
caused the arrest or* a couple who
made his barn a free flat
i This is. we believe, a brand-new
i cause for divorce:
Mrs. George Voelker of San Frsn
j cisco, Cal., wants a divorce because
, George is too obedient. Quarrels al
ways ended by her ordering Vim to
: leave home, she said. One day he
, obeyed orders.
Much has been said about the al
I leged ability of a doctor to relieve the
; heavy feeling in a patient's purse,
! but it isn't often that a patient re
i ciprocates, so to speak. It is because
of the scarcity' of such incidents that
i we print the following:
St. Louis, Mo?Robert Warren. 21.
was arrested here on complaint of
I Dr. Edward P. Studer. charged with
stealing $17 and a check for $25 from
the doctor's pocket as he was taking
! Warren's temperature at City Hos
I Have you ever noticed how many
laps some people keep behind in the
'current events class?
A. Rutland Vt., man came to town
other day and was surprised to learn
I that the country had adopted a pro
hibition method of life.
! A Western Kansas farmer appeared
!in Kansas City and when somebody
mentioned the league of natkfis.
asking him where folks in his neck
| of the woods stood on the question,
"Oh. we ain't got no time to pay
'tenshion to them baseball leagues."
And a New York East-Sider. apply
ing for citizenship after ?a ten-year
residence, gave the leading nations of
the world as?
"New York, Wilson. Europe, Ger
many, Jersey, and Long Island."
Yes, indeed, "life Is a curious mix
ture of things."
;WELL! AIN'T NATURE
At this squint of the calendar,
the straw hats are beginning to
limp. After acting since launch
ing -day as a garage for showers,
"hitching post for dust, and parking
space for sun slants, the hay hel
mets are now as limber looking as
a picnic salad plate the next day.
The alfalfa awning's have taken a
couple of trips to the lid laundries,
but their original snappy complex
ion is curled up like cabbage slaw.
You can't bring it back to its orig
inal state on the head. Draping a
new band on the bleached bonnet
to smack its appearance is like
playing a fresh needle on a cracked
record. All the sparrows have a
nimble eye aimed at the timothy
tents as future bungalows for the
A LINE 0' CHEER
EACH DAY 0- THE YEAR.
fly John Keodrirk Bnng?.
(Copyright, 1919, by the McClure Newspaper
If one hath wronged me deeply 'tis
To do my best to keep from wrong
So that when the account is reck
There'll be no bitter taste within my
And though I be the loser there will
.The gain of consolation left to me
That I've no hurt to self-respect and
That comes from Inner sense of
KKNNFDn r. KtA.
Billions of dollars spent by the J
' government down to a penny must
I go through thA hands of Kennedy!
V. Rea. who has won the title of
, bein^ the greatest financier in the1
j United States.
Mr. Rea is clerk to the Appropna- i
; tions Committee of the Senate and
'he must be familiar with cach and
j every department and bureau in the
! government in order that all de-l
! tails be tabulated and put in proper
shape to be acted upon by the com
I mittee. I
J He is so familiar with all money!
. spent by tho government that he has
1 become a perfnanent fixture as a
j financial encyclopedia to Senators1
land Representatives, as well as to1
heads of departments.
Coming to Washington from In
diana about thirty years ago. Mr.
Rea was appointed messenger to the
House Appropriations Committee.
Several years ago. Thomas P.
Cleaves, who was the veteran clerk
of the Senato Appropriations Com
mittee, was taken ill and the Sen
ate committer cast about for a man
to act as Mr. Cleaves' assistant.
Mr. Rea was selected to fill this po
sition and when Mr. Cleaves died he
succeeded to the* clerkship of the
He is a thirty-second degree
Mason and a member of Albert Pike
Consistory of this city, and also a
Shriner; is a member of the Ninth
Street Christian Church; is married
and has three children, the oldest
being 26 years of age. Capt. Everett
F. Rea, of the U. S. Ordnance Corps
His hobby is to cultivate and
raise roses and he boasts of having
350 varieties, which are now in their
full bloom at his home on Sixteenth
The Virgin Islands do not offer a
large market for automobiles, for
though the exports of cars from the
[United States to these islands in
' creased 500 per cent from 1913 to
11918, their value was only $15,000
| in the last fiscal year.
RUSH WORK A SPECIALTY
SMALL AND LARGE JOBS
627-629 G Street Nortfcwe*t
Competition amd Trade Work
ROOSEVELT AT THE
I happened to spend the evening:.
of February 23, 1912, with Roose
velt at the house of Judge Robert
Grant in Boston. Judge Grant and J
I were not politician*, and I. at
least, had never voted for a Repub- ;
lican Presidential candidate. But j
both of us were very old personal ?
fritnds of the Colonel, and for Ave !
hours we three talked with the ut- j
most frankness. He knew that he
could trust us. and. 1 think, h-!
planned to get the views of non-?
partisan friends before announcing j
his flnal decision. Three days eai her. !
at Columbus. Ohio, he gave a great '
speech, in which he proclaimed a j
new charter for democracy and vig
orously advocated the initiative. ;
referendum and recall. We discussed !
these from every side; he got the j
Outlook, in which his speech whs f
printed, and read to us pat-sages
which he thought corrected popular i
misunderstanding of it. When 1
objected to the platform in general. !
bet ause it would tend to destroy j
representative government and sub
stitute therefor the whims of the
populace at the moment, he replied i
that we had no representativf gov- !
ernment. "I can nam* forty-six j
Senators." he said, "who secured
their scats, and hold th*m by the
favor of a Wall street magnate and
his associates, in all parts of the
country. Do you call that popular, j
representative government?" he]
The evening wore on. and In similar
fashion he parried all our criticism. |
We urged him not to be a candidate, j
because, we said, we thought that the
public ought to be reined in and dis- !
ciphned. instead of being encouraged
to be more lawless and self-willed
The thing which mainly struck me
at the time, and which I still vividly !
remember, was the Colonel's com
posure throughout all this debate.!
Vehement he was?because he could
not describe even a butterfly without
vividness which easily passed into ve
hemence?but he was in no sense
mentally overwrought; nor did he con
tinually return to one subject like a
man with an obsession. His humor
flashed out, even at his own expense,
but he had throughout the underlying
srravity of one who knows that he
I H about to make a very important
! decision. I mention these facts be
cause at the time, and afterward,
Roosevelt's enemies circulated the as
sertion that his mind was unbalanced,
and that this fact accounted for his
break with the regular Republicans.
I have in my hand a printed circular.
'Round the Town
Wftft CAPT I
T. W ALTER
Prophets of Dire Disaster.
Referring to a certain class of people who are grouped under
the general heading of "pessimists," COL BARRY BULKLi V >t
retary of the Crandall Theater Corporation, madr th'* pi ik\
observation: "Some of the most beautiful days are spoiled by these
fellows who predict rain and cyclonic, winds before nightfall."
National Defense Still Lire Subject.
The reorganization of the National Defense League is proposed
and COL. WINFIELD JONES, national secretary, will be appealed
to by former members to keep the league on the map. Since tke
formation of the defense organization, prior to the world war, national
headquarters have been maintained in this city, while the member
ship represented every State in the Union. In the light of after
events the good work of the National Defense League is being recog
nized and appreciated. When the United States declared war on
Germany, April 6, 1917. this country had but few modern instruments
of warfare and its small army was unprepared. The League had
sowed the seeds of preparedness and the value of its teachings be
came apparent when Uncle Sam shook off his lethargy and prepared
for action. Representative JULIUS KAHN, of California, was presi
dent of the League when its activities ceased.
Evolution of an Old Landmark.
"The theater of Southeast Washington," as VERNON CROSS
dubbed the venerable old structure, 516 to 518 Eighth street, near the
Marine Barracks many years ago, is to be transformed. It li??* been
known since before the civil war as Odd Fellows' Hall, southeast, to
distinguish it from the Odd Felloes' Hall on Seventh street northwest,
and many balls and amateur theatrical performers werr held there!
The second floor was used for amusement purposes while lodges of
the I. O. O. F. met on the third floor. After the Odd Fellows \?cated
the venerable buMing it was used as a meeting place for an organiza
tion known as "the Ancient and Immaculate Order of Moses." Nov.,
the first floor is to be converted into a modern market and the two
upper stories into living apartments. The old hall was the scene of
many events of importance in the hazy past when Washington was
young and many pleasant memories to old East Washingtonians
cluster about the ancient edifice.
issued by a Chicago lawyer, offering
$T>.000 apiece to each of several hospi
tals and otheV charitable institutions.
If Roosevelt would allow himself to
he examined by competent alienists.^
and they did not pronounce him to be
a "madman"* No! he was not mad.
but he had the fervor, the courage,
the impatience of a Crusader about
to undergo the te*t of ordeal by battle.
From notes of the conversation
Judge Grant made at the time I quote
the following. Judge Grant asked
"Will any of the party lcadsrs sup
"No," he said, "none of them! My
support will come from the people
officered by a few lieutenants?
young men principally, like Gover
nor Bass of New Hampshire." He
said that he realized that the proba
bilities were all against his nomina-j
tlon: that a President in office had
all the machinery on his side; but
that of course it wouldn't do to ad
mit outside that he expected to lose;
that if he could reach the popular
vote through direct primaries. he
could hope to win. Manifestly he 1
believed, it indispensable for the
future good of the Republican party!
that he should make the broach. '
When he said as much. I asked. "But
the situation is complex. 1 suppose"
Tou would like to bo President?"
"You are right." he replied, "it is|
complex. I like power; but T care
nothing to be President as Presi
dent. I am interested in these idea?
of mine and I want to carry them
through, and feel that I am the one
to carry them through." He satd
that he believed the most important
questions today were the humanitar
ian and economic problems, and in
timated that the will of the people
had been thrwarted in these ways,
especially by the courts r>n consti
tutional grounds, and that reform5
As 1 went out into the midnight.
I 1 elt sad. a? one might after bid
ding farewell to a friend who has
volunteered to !ead a forlorn hope.
I did not realize then the moral
depth from which Roosevelt's re
solve csme. or that he would rather
die for that cause than be victorious
in any other.
The next day. Monday. February
26. he announced to the country that
he was a candidate for the Repub
"ilen who h*r* dj
money as a rul? ar? the '
mo* ?roTTwni'*! b-r-wri
of c!n?he? " a j
rr the ?*her Ta:lar.!
MrOon?vIl? tr>aa',# of a
reml lift ot a*k- il
on hi# rr'
tr^r.t T> ? t?p
1SIT0RS who know
New York will tell *ou
that, despite its excel
lence of service and cuis
ine. Hotel Aetor rates are
do higher than those of
any tine hotel.
single room or an elab
orate suite vou will find
at the Astor the utmost
in comfort. Here you
will find New York's
world of pleasure at your
XTa would like ?o send Ton
to interesting little booklet
entitled -New York Id Your
Pocket." Write tot it
There !* fin excellent opportunity
in China for American hosiery mer
chants. There were imported into
China in 1917 2.774.34ft dozen pairs
of hose, of which 299.402 dozen were
re-exported abroad, making the net
import o,* hosiery into China 2.474 -
943 dozen, \alued at J2.7o0.000.
At Broadway, 44th to 45th Streets,
?the center of New York's social
and business activities In c'oae
proximity to all railway terminals.
5?rtn f nrk'a (tnoLrBt Unrslinn
A select reaideotial betel - e< Gateway of beauti.
ful Central Park - eoavemeet to everything - yet
?Ptnforta&ly Giatant from tke area of confuaaoa.
Special Summer Rate*.
Solrl ffianhattan &quarr
50 Weat 77th Street, at Ceatral Park.
The Devil of Debt
The Devi] of Debt is on the heels of almost everyone.
And in so many cases it is needless.
Debt is a mortgage upon your next salary check.
Debt is discounting tomorrow's liberty and comfort for
today's good time.
Debt is the monument to the young man's weakness,
the grown man's folly, and the old man's failure.
Debt is a quit claim to your wife's confidence, your
children's prospects, and your own self-respect.
Are you living in fear of the Devil of Debt ?
There's only one way to get free.
SAVE! PAY UP!! KEEP OUT!!!
OPEN TODAY AND TOMORROW
8:30 to 3 and 4 to 5:30
y Saturday?8:30 to J2 and S to 8 P. M.
SAVINGS AND r\ A AT rr
COMMERCIAL ?j /t I\ A
< NINTH STREET AT G
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