Newspaper Page Text
PRESIDENT DECLINES REQUEST TO DELAY HIGH-COST MESSAGE
1915 CHINESE GRANTVOID SAYS WILSON President Interprets Japan ese Statement on Sur render of Shantung. TOKIO VERSION IS HERE It Makes Reference to Ne gotiations of Four Years Ago With China. President Wilson late yesterday is sued a statement in which he calls attention of Japan to the fact that this government does not recognize that negotiation* between China and Japan in 1915 affect in any way the surrender of the Shantung peninsula. This followed a statement from Baron I'chida, Japanese minister ot foreign affairs, made public through the Embassy here, which intimates surrender of the Chinese province will hinge to some extent on prior Japan ese-Chinese negotiations. The President is "to throw a fuller light of clarification upon a situation wnich ought to be relieved of every shadow of obscurity or apprehension." Japan says she is willing to sur render Shantung to China as soon as possible after the peace treaty is rati fied by Japan, and that she has no ii.tention of claiming or retaining any rights which afreet the territorial sovereignty of China in the peninsula. Japan says this will be done "abid ing faithfully by the pledge she gave to China in If*"?the year the fa mous twenty-one demands were pre tented. It is here, say diplomats, that the President moves to clear any possible misunderstanding. He makes it clear that 1915 negotia tions or agreements do not enter into the question, and that no reference was made to them in peace treaty ne gotiations by which Japan obtained title to the peninsula. He also points out that it is the un Jeratanding of the United States that only economic privileges are to be re tained. He says nothing he said must b? construed as acquiescence on his part to the policy contained in notes ex changed by Japan and China in 19!5 and 191*. This ts the text of the President's statement. TOe President's Statement. "The Government of the United States has noted with the greatest interest the frank statement made by Viscount I'chida with regard to Japan's future policy respecting Shantung. The statement ought to sierve to remove many of the misunderstandings which had be ?gun to accumulate about this ques tion. But there are references in the statement to an agreement en tered Into between Japan and China in 1915 which might be mis leading. if not commented upon in the light of what occurred in Paris when the causes of the treaty affecting Shantung were under discussion. I therefore take the liberty of supplementing Viscount I'chida's statement with the fol lowing: "In the conference of the thirtieth of April last, where this matter was brought to a conclusion among the heads of the principal allied and asso ciated powers, the Japanese delegates. Baron Makino and Viscount Chinda. in reply to a question put by myself, de clared that: ?* "The policy of Japan is to hand back the Shantung Penin sula in full sovereignty to % China, retaining only the eco nomic privileges granted to Germany, and the right to es tablish a settlement under the usual conditions at Tsingtao - -The owners of the railway will use special police only to insure security for traffic. They will be uied for no other pur pose. "The police forces will be com posed of Chinese, and such Japan ese instructors as the directors of the railway may select will be ap pointed by the Chinese government. "No reference was made to this policy being in any way dependent upon the execution of the agree ment of 1915 to which Count Uchida appears to have referred. "Indeed. I felt it my duty to say that nothing that I agreed to must he construed as an acquiescence on the part of the government of the United State* in the policy of the notes exchanged between China and Japan in WIS and ,918- and reter ence was made In the discussion to the enforcement of the agree ments of 191S *nd HIS only in case China. failed to co-operate fully in Cjrryinc o'U the policy outlined in the statement of Baron Makino and Viscount Chinda. "1 have, of course, no doubt that Viscount I'rhMa had been apprised of all the particulars of the' dis cus?ion in Pari*, and I am not making this statement with the idea of correcting his. hut only to throw a fuller light of clarification upon a situation which ought to 1* relieved of every shadow of obscurity or misapprehension." fderals claim villa ORCES ARE DISPERSED ".alveston. Tex.. Aug. ?. ? Bighty ree Villa bandits were killed and irty-three taken prisoner in a bat ? with Carranxa troops near Bal Chihuahu*. August 2, according an official te'egram to the Mexican , -nsulate today. A statement from Gen. Ignacio Kn jucx this afternoon declared hun eds of Villa followers are surren ring to federal garrisons throughout >rtbern Mexico "Let the Kiddies Swim!" Voice of Representatives Rule Limiting Their Hours at the Rattling Reach Is Denounced by Members r>t Congress and Citizens. .Thf km.- of Washington have the j people with them in their fight ! acainst the ruling: of Col. R. S. Kid- j ley that they may have access to the Tidal Basin bathing beach only In the forenoon hours. Not only did private citizens con- j 1 demn the ruling yesterday, but | i members of Congress also Joined in | i defense of the youngsters. Every day the boys are denied the use of the beach at all hours of the j day means loss of health and happi-, ness to them. It has been learned that hundreds of grown-ups. who pay rental for j bathing suits, are daily visitors at the beach, monopolising the prlvi-1 > lege that rightfully belongs to the children of the city. The kids have their own suits and there is no Sir David Beatty May Be British Envoy to U. S., His Wife an American If Admiral Heatty com** fo Wash ington us British Ani'?nss.i<l?:r lie will bring with him his American bride, Lady Beatty. who is a daughter or i the late Marshall Meld of Chi?:ago ' London Aug K.?Admiral Sir l>avtd Beatty was today awarded an earl dom by King George and granted $500,000 in recognition of his services to the British Empire during the war. Sir David is said to be seriously considering an offer to become British Ambassador to the United States. Police Squad Hunts Molars | Of U. S. Senator With the exception of a few friends, it Is not known that Senator John H. Bankhead. of Alabama, wears a set of manufactured teeth. He does. or. rather, did, until yes terday afternoofu While on his way , to the Capitol, the Senator felt the ivories slip from their moorings and saw them disappear in the tall grass around the Capitol After a futile search for the missing molars a call of distress was rushed I to headquarters, and it Is said that until a late hour lasfc night a detail of men from the Sixth precinct and the Capitol guard, armed with flashlights, sought out the elusive teeth for the Senator. Hoover Declines Job Of Europe Coal Ruler Paris, Aug. f.?Herbert Hoover today ' deeliiM?d an offer from the allies to be I co*??e coal dictaVr for Europe. | He was requested to assume the po sition with the belief that a commlu-, ston under his direction could re Illevo the acute coal shortage now be ing felt throughout Europe. profit from them to *lt. manage ment. "Kiddies first," Representative Clyde Kelly declared "That's my motto, especially when it comes to the or swimming hole." Gn III van to th?* Front. Representative Jaiues A Gallivan. whose reputation as a friend of the I District has been established in the House, declared hims^ jn favor of -.ranting the children the privileges of the beach, unrestricted "Don't put the lid on the kiddies." he said, "especially during their va 1 cation time, when th*y should have | as jolly a time as possible " Representative F. H. I^eGifcrdia. a ravorite with children, declared him *elf unreservedly on their side "I resent any disposition to curtail [ the kiddies' pleasure/* he said. I During the week the absence of youngsters at the beach has created I much comment among the older swim, liners. When told of the rule exclud ing the children, the majority of them have protested that the children should ! have the first claim. "I d be willing to yield my place to a kiddie. ' one pretty girl declared ye? j terday. Step Anide for Kids. Others declared their willingness to Step asde for the children. Thev add ed that they did not believe the ex clusion rule necessary. I "l*t us double up on lockers." many I of them said. "If the lack of locker j space Is the trouble. Surely, there is Plenty of water and beach for all | of ns." "It doesn't seem fair to the kid | dies to limit their hours at the | beach." said Mrs. Grace Fleishman. . winner of one of the prizes award [ ed at the beauty show held recently at the Tidal Basin. Mrs. Fleishman declared the j greater part of her pleasure at th^ CONTINUED ON PAGB TWO BOLSHEVIK SPURNS GIRL AND IS HANGED I Copenhagen, Aug. Developments | in the sensational murder of the Bol I shivek agent. Ardasjeff. in a villa near Stockholm reveal that Wanda j Gyszer. the 17->ear-old daughter of fGen. Gyszer. reputed to be the most I beautiful girl In .Sweden, was pres I ent when an anti-Bolshevist commit tee of thirty persons, including Gen. i Gyszer. decided upon the execution ! of Ardasjeff. j The prisoner was tied to a chair and received no food nor water for twenty-four hours At midnight the I committee arrived and held a coun cil before him. Miss Gyszer, whos? | love AdasjefT had rejected, advised J hanging. This was done in her pres ence. the girl watching intently the death struggle of the prisoner dang ling from a beam. LOCOMOTIVE WORKERS STRIKE IN SYMPATHY Richmond. Va.. Auk. 6. ? Shop workers employed by the locomotive works today walked out when their employers demanded that they repair engines sent over from the Chesa | peak and Ohio Railway because of the strike of machinists on that road It is estimated that 200 shopmen are oi*t. SOUTHERN TRAFFIC NOW AT STANDSTILL Atlanta. Ua? Aug. ?.?With freight service admittedly at a standstill excepting live stock and perishable freight and the possibility of a breakdown of all clases of train service, including passenger and ! mail by Saturday, as a result of the shopmen's strike, the South today was faced with a most serious prob lem. Only freight of a perishable na 1 ture was being moved out of At lanta and it was stated that Macon. Savannah and Jacksonville were hard hit. and that other Southern points would begin to feel the full j effect of the strike within forty eight hours. 'Not Interested in Wars To Come,' Ludendorff Berlin. Aug. 6 ?Germany is not the least Interested in future wars or whether the league of nations will 1 be able to prevent them. Gen. von i Ludendorff declared In an Interview today. "At present," he said, "Germany is too interested In the maintenance of internal order to have the slightest I concern over the possibilities and dan gers of external wars. Raw ma terials and the will to work, as well ?s the government policies which will I induce the people to work, are the ?essentials necessary to dragging Ger many from her present decline." 5,000 Oat in Columbus. Columbus. Ohio, Aug. 6.?Approxl ? mately 5.000 shopmen of the f'enn | nylvanla and Norfolk and Westefu I railroads went on strike here today | for higher wages. STRIKE HALTS NIGHT TRAFFIC INNEWYORK 9,000 Quit Subway and Overhead Lines?Surface System Feels Effect. SERVICE IS SUSPENDED Thousands Walk While Po-j lice Struggle With Dis orders; Many Arrests. New York. A up. 6.?At 10 o'clock I tonight announcement Avas made at | the offices of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company that all car and j train service, including that on the ! elevated and subway lines of the system, would he discontinued im mediately for the remainder of the night, as a result of the strike. Surface "lines also are involved I in the strik* . The strike began in a desultory | way at o'clock this morning, spread rapidly throughout the day, with accompaniments of occasional | small-size riots and someward bound crowds were compelled co resort to riding on wagons, trucks and automobiles in order to reach, any section ?>f Br?>oklyn. Intermittent service was main tained by the H. R. T. on surface, elevated and subway lines during ;the day, but this v*as woefully in j adequate to accommodate the 1 crowds that filled the stations, es pecially along the intercity subway, ! most congested of all the lines in I the city. Trains on the Loni; Isl | and railroad were Jammed to <|apa i city and crowds on station plat | forms were so great that police had to be called to keep order. The same was true of the subway linen I to Brooklyn. Coney Rout* Pronged. Thousands walked across the various bridges and all the way to their homes. Some took advantage of the Coney latum bo?f* !fi ord*r to r?*ch outly ing sections of Rrooklyn af>d It was I announced extra boa^g would be 'run on thl* ?? le tomorrow for the i accommodation of the public. | The decision to discontinue service followed a conference between officials | of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Com pany and police shortly after 9 o'clock this evening. I There has been a hint that the mo CONTINUKD ON PAGE T\TO WOMEN TO FIGHT | TO SAVE HOMES Congress to Get Petition From Residents of the Plaza Dormitories. I Two thousand war workers who live j in th*? I'nion Station Plaza hotels will fleht to the last ditch before they will give up their comfortable i homes under the proposed Congres : sional plan to open these buildings ! as dormitories for visitors to Wash ington. Immediately after reading in The ! Washington Herald that a bill was being prepared for Congress provid ing for public use of the buildings | for visitors to the National Capital. ; who could make reservations for one week's occupancy, the girls began to write vigorous letters of protest to j Congressmen. I^ast night the girls began circu lating petitions in each of the twelve I buildings calling upon Congress to | table the proposed legislatipn. j Mrs. F. E. Webster, house manager, | said the girls are determined to fight ! any plan under which they must va cate. i "Before we got everything started I well," said Mrs. Webster, "a few dis satisfied girls began to complain to their various Congressmen. Some xl ings have come up to put the j houses here in a wrong light before the public. I "I believe this has displeased many | Congressmen and that they believe the best thing they can do is to shut them down as soon as possible." HERALD'S NEWSIES TO SEE "MICKEY" THE Washington Her ald has arranged with the management of Poli's for the entertainment of its carriers and sales boys for a Tuesday mati nee, August 12. All carriers and regular sales boys will be in atten dance. Cards of admission will be given out by the Circulation Department next Tuesday morning. Story of Widow's Eviction Brings Prompt Response Mrs. Elizabeth Simmons standing in doorway of her nrw home at 914 Eighth street northwest. Friends of Her Late Husband Contribute to Fund and Find Shelter for Mrs. Elizabeth Simmons. Tears coursed down the wrinkled ? cheeks of Mrs. Elizabeth Simmons and exclamations of thanksgiving I sprung from her lips last night ; when a reporter from The Wash ington Herald pressed into her hand 'a crisp $100 bill, the contribution of Blick Brothers, and employes of the j Rosslyn Packing Company. Sitting in the parlor of Mrs. Ruth Yourklious, Mrs. Simmons, who was } forcibly evicted from 806 1 street I northwest, which she had been rent l ing for seven years, sobbed with | gratitude as she fondled the latest j contribution and reiterated that if I it wasn't for her fast failing eye I sight she would be only too glad to J do any kind of work to save her j from being a dependent. ! Hardly able to walk. Mrs. Sim Imons was tak^n from the steps of her former residence, from which j she was set out in the rain, by John FAMINE OF GIRLS GRIPS NEW YORK ; Unparalleled Shortage of Women Workers Causes Big Gain in Wages. New York. Aug. 6.?New York is | in the grip of an unparalleled short j age of women workers. Tens of | thousands of jobs await trained and [untrained girls in every conceivable' Nine of industry, wages are sky j rocketing and all sorts of induce [ments in the way of working condi tions are being offered by employ-1 ers. Yet factories and large com-! mercial concerns almost without1 exception report that sufficient help j | Is not to be had. j Several explanations for this con- i Idition were suggested yesterday by ! students of the employment pro- i ? i ! blem. but it was admitted they were ; hardly adequate to account for the total shortage. Chief among them j are: 1. The resumption of nonessen tial industries suspended during the war. 2. Speeding up of business seek ing to secure foreign trade. 3. Retention by women of jobs | they took to replace men who went j to war. j 4. Return from industry to do mesticity of soldiers' wives. 5. Big earnings during the last: year, enabling an unprecedented j number of women to take summer [ vacations. Some firm? are offering cash | prizes to every employe who brings another girl to work in the shop. Free medical attendance is held out as an inducement by a good manj^. Regular Division* Start Hone. Coblenz. Augr. ?.?The Third Dlvi sion was entraining for Brest today. The First Division will follow on August 15, leaving only SrOOO Amer ican troops on the Rhine. S. and W. P. Blick. who made ar- j rangements for her keep at the ^ home of Mrs. Yourklious. Contributor* Call l? Person. Throughout yesterday persons sympathizing with Mrs. Simmons pitiful condition Journeyed to the Eighth street house and gave her gifts. Employes at Goldenberg s have sent $26 50 and are making up a larcer contribution. The eviction of Mrs. Simmons oc curred Monday. The real estate agents claimed she did not pay her rent. John, or "Bull" Simmons. Mrs. Simmons' late husband, was well known in Washington. For bo maintained a sales and exchange" horse bureau at Twelfth street and Ohio avenue. Lint of Contributors. Following is a list of those who contributed to the J100 fund given Mrs. Simmons last night through the Blick Brothers: Blick Brothers. $75; M. Korner. jr- II. Komer, jr.. Rosslyn Parking j Company, K: 11. Korner. Rosslyn . Packing Company. $1: Mayhew. Rosslyn Packinu i'om|""v SI. H Currey. Rossyln Packing Company, jl; 11 lmlay. Ros.lwi PH.-kin-: Company. jl; H G. Kimball. Ross) vn Packing Company. S-'. j Scheek. Rosslyn Packing Company. Jl: Holly. Rosslyn Packing Com pany. Jl Wyncoop. Rosslyn Prick-, Ing Company. 11: V. B. Cooney. Rosslyn Packing Company. .>0c. H Miller. Rosslyn Packing Compan* . MV- H Branlilger. Rosslyn Packing Company. *1: K. Sebright. Rosslyn, Packing Company. J2: T>r. Hutchin son. Rosslvn Packing ?Company. $1; J Ben Brooks. Rosslyn Packing Com pany. Jl; G. Fairfax. Rosslyn Pack-, ing Company. SI: August. Rosslyn Packing Company. $1. MILK COMBINE j RUMORED HERE Washington milk dealers professed absolute Ignorance last night of an alleged milk combine said to be in process of formation in the Middle West and East. County Prosecutor Doerflcr. of Cleveland. Ohio, has summoned s grand Jury to investigate the sup posed combine and is preparing to t summon wltne / -s from Washington and from other large Eastern cities t Some local dealers said they had ; heard rumors of a milk combine being I formed, but all were unable to give ; details. ] Powerful milk dealers. Poerfler said. | are in combination with banking in- j te rests to wipe out small dealers., the bankers to aid by refusing loans j to small dealers The combine, itj is charged. Includes all the territory ^ between New York and Chicago, and is well backed financially. r. J. Wise, of George A. Wise and Brother, prominent milk dealers, declared last night that neither he nor arty other milk dealer he knew of la connected with a comb,i.e. and It was his belief none was contem plated. ^ REPUBLICAN FLOOR LEADER IS REBUFFED; ! SPEECHJ3N FRIDAY Mondell's Request for Postponement Is Promptly Met with Statement that Food And Labor Situation Cannot Wait?Sen ate Commerce Committee Balks on Wage Legislation. President Wilson late yesterday declined to postpone his address to Congress on the food situation from Friday afternoon until next lues day at lequest of Representative Mondell, Republican floor leader. Mondell heard the President purposed to appear before a )omt session of both houses Friday, and immediately told Secretary Tumulty it wouldn't be possible for a quorum of the House to be present at that time. Many have left town, he said, and wouldn't be able to get back. When told of Mondell's request, the President wrote him a letter, i Flere it is: Developments in Government War On Living Costs 4 Here are the thief de velopments in the govern ment's war on hieh prices, and the campaign of rail road workers for more pay and Federalization of rail ways: President declines to postpone address to Con gress on food situation at request of Republican Floor leader Mondell. President to ask broader laws to curb profiteering in all lines. Attorney General Palmer announces packers are to be prosecuted on informa tion of Federal Trade Com mission. Federal Trade Commis sion reports high shoe prices unjustified. Labor tells Congress so cial revolution impends if relief is not obtained. Senate Interstate Com merce Committee declines to handle legislation relat ing to railroad wage prob lem. Labor tells Director Gen eral Mines it disapproves proposed plan for wage settlement. CAPITAL EATERS GET BABY BEEF Fastidious Washingtonians Demand Choicest Cuts. Say Packers. Washingtonians are "baby beef* eaters. They may not b* aware of this, but representatives from Armour Company. Wilson Company and Cud&hy Company, three of the Big Five packers, have impressed this information upon Senators who compose the subcommittee investi gating: the hieh cost of living in the District. "Is it true." Chairman Ball asked Thomas E. Wilson, president of the Wilson Company, yesterday after noon. "that a higher quality or more choice grade of meat is sent to Washington than to Baltimore, Philadelphia or oth^r nearby cities?" "Absolutely." returned Mr. Wil son. "A certain percentage of Washingtonians demand the choic est morsels of beef which we turn out and Chey get it." These ruts are known by the trade name of "baby beef." Washington Man Killed In Auto Mishap in Scotland Capt. Roscoe C. Bulmer. U. S. N., died Tuesday of injuries he received in an automobile accident at Amkir>" Kirkwall. Scotland, the Navy la ment was advised yesterd " Capt. Bulmer, who . >1 .4 Twenty-first street northwest, had been in charge of American mine sweepers dealing the North Sea of mines. Labor Backs Police Strike. Liverpool. Aug. 6.?Representatives of all labor unions have decided unan imously to suport the police strike. Ifc' Prffc^rmV letter. ??I um vrr> ?orrj Iai4r<?i tkat I rannm "'mpl- with ymr *ug K<?(ion ?f delay in ikr mnlirr of my addrrM to a joint aeaaiaa of <? Rcrn.ft. Thr altaatfaa whick impelled air ln*i m rrW lo ntk (?Bgrru ?? |KM.fpniip |?? until an y rrramme n?ln - (ion* ronld Hr Kiibanittrd Is ?till I have uaidrr *fr> kpri ?u? coa?t4erntion lh< proprr action nf thr g?vrrnnfat wltli rrlf-rrarr fa Ur high r?M nf lUiag and I feel that It I* my ^?'.T *? ll" mrllPM |M>Mlhl? ninmrnt to present certain m>. amm^ndat ion* rah rradt far ?nltnl*?ion to ( on(rr?*. **l hove. tbrrefare, a?ke?t tfcr \ ice Prrfcidrm and the *prakrr to armngr. if po?aihle, for ? joint ae**lon for Krtda? aftrr noon next at 4 o'clock.** The President has deckled on what oonw he intend* lo recommend to Congress. t is learned, and needs only to pet hip ideas into final shape fot presentation. Waata Broader l.aw*. He plans to ask for laws which a ill broaden the scope of food eontro! leg islation to include other comtn??ditief so that profiteers in all line,* may he attacked, it is learned sern.-officially. He also will ask for measures that wil! enable the government to reach th* small individual profiteer and specu lator. it i* said. This would he th? retailer. Existing law?, he holds. ar?* adequate to reach the "hip feMows " The Pres dent will tell Congress. ii was intimated, that natural laa> ?r supply and demand no lonpcr obtain To l*roi?ecate Packer*. Attorney General Palmei issued ? statement in which he said a r*>\ tew of evidence obtained acainst the pack ers by the Federal Trade Commission Justifies a prosecution of the packer? for v.olation of the Sherman anti-trust law. in his belief. Early action 1? promised Attorney Isidor J. Kresel will No in charpe of proceed in ps. Palmer stated Palmer also telepraphed all district attorneys to proceed immedialclv against all persons hoard ne food "Please proceed with promptness and dllipence to make n thorouph-poitip 1n vestipation of conditions in your dis trict with respect to possible v olation? of this law ^hoarding* and of the anti trust laws, and when the fvldence war rants see that the arrests are mad# without further instruction " Palme* wired the attorney*. M?oe C-aat rnjanttled. The Federal Trade Commission. tn a report made yesterday, said it has found that the high price of shoes can not be justified by underlying eco nomic conditions. "The commission, after exhaustive inquiry into the pnee of hides, shoes and leather, is reporting to Congress that the larper packers control tne hide supply and have taken excessive profits and passed increased costs to subsequent steps in manufacturing and distribution. * said the report Both manufacturers and retailers have taken unusual margins of profits, the commission charped Organised labor, throuph its repre sentatives appear!np before Congres sional committees, said the country must have relief or there will be sociai revolution. Warren S. Stone, chief of the Brotherhood of locomotive Bnpineers. appeared before the House Interstate and Foreipn Commerce Committee in support of the plan for federalizing i the railways. Mosr'a Declaration ; "I want to f-ly one thing?and ) say it in no spirit of threat. I simply want to state it as a fact?and that is. unless Conpress or someone finds a solution for this problem within two or three months?and I dont mean a year or two?you are goinp to see the worst time you have ever seen in the history of thla country "The people are not going to fold their hands while they starve. They are going to die fighting." This declaration backed up by Mr Morrison Just before the adjourn ment of the afternoon session. The Federation official was greatly ex cited. L#ooking defiance at the mem bers of the committee, he shouted: "There is great unrest in ths country. Great bodies of men. who are not receiving the wages to which they are entitled, are striking in spite of their officials. 'There comes a time when the .den is too heavy, and when that .ime arrives, you may expect a revo lution to the extent of striking for better conditions affecting the wel fare of the workers." Senate Refnaea te Art. Representative Webster, of Wash ington. charged that organised labor is attempting to coeix*4 Congress This was denied by Frank Morrison, eecra tary of the American Federation of OOtfTLfcLkU Ob l TWO.