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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, August 09, 1919, Image 1

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The Net Circulation of the Washington Herald Yesterday Was 43,109
THE WKATHBR
Today and tomorrow?Fair; moderate
northerly winds. Highest temperature yes
terday, 87; lowest, 74.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
MORE WASHINGTON NEWS
?le printed erery day in The Wuhinftoii
Herald than In *1] other local papera la
addition, you g+t ALL the telegraph ww?
worth while
NO. 4668
WASHINGTON. D. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 9. 1919.
ONE CENT JS?
Eli ewkcrc TVt Ceata
U. S. MOVING AGAINST FOOD PROFITEERS,
WILSON TELLS CONGRESS IN HIS SPEECH
SOVIET METHOD
BEST, CONGRESS
TOLD BY PLUMB
Railroad Labor s Advocate
Would Delay Nationaliz
ing Other Industries.
IS CLOSELY QUESTIONED
Scores Rockefeller Plan as
Unfair to the Consum
ing Public.
Application In th!.? country of the
Russian soviet doctrine of national
ization of industries and natural re
sources was advocated by Glenn E. |
Plumb. author of organised labor's
P'an for nationalization of the rail
roads before the House Interstate!
f?mn?rM committee yesterday
Representative Sanders read from a
document containing a declaration!
'or government ownership of forests, j
mines and waterpower. and asked the
witness If he favored that doctrine.
Plumb agreed that he did. When Mr
Kanders explained that what he had
read was a part of the Russian soviet
constitution, Mr. Plumb declared he
did not know what the soviet plan
wa??. and had never read It.
^^en Plumb wan asked by Rep
resentative Rayburn If he advocated
the application of the Plumb railroad
plan to other industries In the United
States, the witness replied:
**I would not so advocate at this
time, but frankly the principle is ap
plicable to every socialized Industry,
either based on a grant from the gov
ernment or operated as a monopoly."
"Do W believe It would be fair
to other employes to socialise the
railroads and not them?" Mr Ray
burn asked.
"I don-t believe it would be wise."
the witness said, "to take up this
principle and apply it to all social
ized Industries at once and by one
act. But I do believe it would be
wise with regard to the railroads,
because they are purely a govern
ment industry and operated In the
Interest of the public service."
"Capitalists Eat Each Otker."
Mr. Rayburn then Inquired how
long It would be. If thia plan was
applied to all industries, before the
workers. Jealous of each other's
profits, would "eat up each other."
Mr. Plumb declared the plan as ap
plied to industries would last longer
than the old system of capitalists
In control of the industries "eating
up each other, and with a much bet
ter training in the eating up habit."
He pointed out that the 2.000 orig
inal railroad organizations In this
country had dwindled into only two
opposing groups. "And now It is
only a question which of the re
maining tigers will eat up the other
one first, he added.
_ Ther* not enough wisdom in
Congress, nor in the world, to
"patch up the old system which has
broken down." Mr. Plumb declared.
coynifrro ON PAGB TWO.
Poor Health of
Fifty Eggs Cost
Farmer $ I Each
Claude C. Hurly, a farmer of Mon
rovia. Md.. paid *1 each for titty bad
eggs yesterday.
Judge Robert Hardison. who set the
price, was not Inclined to think that
the price was exorbitant, either. But
housewives of Washington need not
worry. They probably may never pay
such a price for eggs, much less addled
ones. /
Hurly w?a detected ln the act ot
selling a crate of egps, fifty of which
were unflt for consumption, at the
wholesale market. Ninth and B streets
northwest, yesterday. A Health De
partment food inspector arrested
Hurly and took him to Police Court,
while the latter was under tbe Juris
diction of the District.
Hurly pleaded guilty, and was lined
?00 by Judge Hardison. in the United
State* branch for violation of the food
regulations.
Spam Favert Joining League.
Madrid. Aug. S.?The chamber of
deputies today adopted a commit
tee report favoring Spain's adhe
sion '.o the leaKtxe of nations.
WANTED.
A live-wire provision representa
tive. Excellent opportunity for en
ergetic man. Must be experienced.
No other need apply. Big proposi
tion. Apply BOX 931 Herald
0&c?.?Adv.
RODMAN'S SPEECH
BARRED BY D ANIELS
San Diego, Cal.. Aug. 8.?Declara
tion by Admiral Hugh Rodman,
commander of the Pacific fleet, that
the address he had prepared for
delivery at a banquet last night had
been ordered held up by Secretary
Daniels, created a sensation here
today Neither Rodman nor Daniels
: made ?ny explanation.
Rodman> statement wa? made
when be was called on to speak at
the banquet at Coronado last night
at which Daniels and Western gov
ernors were guest* of honor.
Neighbors Offer $500
For Kidnapped Baby
New Vork. Aug. 8. -- Neighbors of
Mrs. August Went* have offered a re
ward of J5no for information leading
1 to the return of her 7 weeks' old son.
Arthur, who was kidnapped.
The child's father has collapsed
from the nervous strain. The mother
prays continually for the baby's re
turn.
DENIES BARRING
1 BOYS FOR PROFIT
Not for Purpose of Renting
More Suits to Adults.
Says Beach Manager.
, With the gates of the Tidal Basin
bathing beach closed to them, the
j children of Washington are flocking
j to the Municipal pools, crowding them
I 150 per cent above their proper capac
Ity.
| Normally the city's swimming tanks
! accommodate about 1.500 persons, but
? since the edict against the children
: has been issued by Col. Clarence S.
1 Ridley. superintendent of public
grounds and indtrecfly in charge of
; the Tidal Basin, over 2.5^0 are visit
I ing the pools on the Monument
' grounds daily.
i Supt. Rrunner. of the municipal
pools, has arranged a one-hour sched
; ule that permits the greatest possible
number of youngsters to avail them
selves ot a cooling dip in the water.
Three years ago Maj. Pullman ap
pointed Brunner as a special police
| officer, detailed to instruct the chil
[ dren in the rudiments of swimming
! on the theory the healthful exercise
was the best preventive of juvenile
crime. Maj. Pullman is a firm be
liever that every child should leam to
CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO
FOUR FINNS ACCUSED
Of ANARCHIST PLOT
New York. Aug. 8.?Four Finns,
thought to be members of a dan
gerous radical group operating
i throughout the country, were ar
! rested here today and charged with
I criminal anarchy. Members of New
York's bomb squad declared they
and their ten or twelve associates
I have been advocating overthrow of
the government by force.
Detectives said Philadelphia,
Scranton and Buffalo were among
the cities where the Finns had op
erated recently.
DEPORT AMERICAN
AS SINN FEINER
i London, August 8.?Hugh O'Rourke,
i who was charged by the British au
thorities with having come to Eng
gland with German money to lead a
| revolt of the English working classes
during the war. was deported to the
United States tonight, the Daily Ex
press learns.
I O'Rourke is an Irish-American of
alleged pro-German leanings. He is
said to have been prominent in
American anarchistic circles and to
have helped finance the Sinn Fein re
volt In 191ft.
$100,000 IN JEWELRY
STOLEN BY ARMED MEN
San Francisco, Aug. 8.?Two men
| robbed the Morgan Jewelry Com
j pany*a store here of *100,000 worth
I of Jewelry shortly after the store
1 opened today.
Both men were armed and one
; was masked. Entering as the
clerks were taking the window
display jewels from the safe, they
forced the clerks to lie down on
the floor back of the counter. Then
they seized the display case and
escaped. It was believed they had
| an automobile in waiting.
Gary Hard Hit by Strike.
| Gary, Ind, Aug. 8.?More than
I li.000 steel workers here are idle as
| a result of the strike of 450 local
I railway shopmen. Only three of the
twelve blast furnaces are in opera
tion.
BARGAIN PRICES
FOR ARMY FOOD
ARE ANNOUNCED
War Department Quotes
Figures at Which Goods
May Be Had.
POSTOFFICE IS READY
I
Parcel Limit Raised to 125
Pounds for Larger
Containers.
The War Department** price
j lfat for ?arploM nraij food, to be 1
i no Id to hon?ewl?e? through }
parrels p?at. appear on paMr 7.
I The War Department last night an-;
' nounced prices at which surplus army
food supplies are to be sold through j
! parcel post to housewives.
i At the nma time Postmaster Gen-1
j eral Burleson announced temporary,
I authority has been obtained from the,
Interstate Commerce Commission toj
| raise the weight limit on parcel post
I packages to 125 pounds. This was
j necessary to care for some of the j
I larger containers in which the army I
fod is packed.
I,ower Prlee* bought.
With these two steps, arrangements
for sale of the government's surplus j
i food stocks, to begin August IS. were
' practically completed. Tons of food,
j to be thrown on the market, ofll-j
' cials hope, will aid in reducing hign i
I prices. Staples of all kinds arc in-'
I eluded in the War 1 Apartment list.
' -In arriving at these prices, the
War Department has disregarded
i costs of commodities to the govern
CONTISCBD OS PACK, TWO
$63 MORE GIVEN :
EVICTED WIDOW
Coal Dealer Who Bought
Horses of Simmons Sends
$50 Check.
Pleasant memories of days when
her husband was living and pros
perous were recalled last night to
I Mrs. Elizabeth Simmons, the 66
; year-old. ill and nearly blind woman
evicted from her home, W I
street northwest, when a reporter
from The Washington Herald pre
sented her with $63. the contrlbu
i tlons received for her during the
day.
Sixty dollars of this sum was
1 sent by S. M. Frazier, coal d?aler In
lAnacostia. who was a friend of her
late husband. Mr. Frazier explain
ed last night that he had often
| bought horses from Mr. Simmons
and that once when things were not
breaking brightly for him Mr. Stm
mons extended him several credit
favors which he never forgot.
Mr. Frazier was surprised to learn
i of Mrs. Simmons- plight and hasten
I ed to write her a check for {50.
| When C. C. Hayes, a friend of Mr.
j Frazier. heard of the case he gave
ihlm $10 to add to this contribu
tion.
A contribution of $2 Is also
acknowledged from Martin Meene
CONTIN'CED ON PAGE TWO.
PANKHURST ACCUSED
OF GETTING RED GOLD
London, Aug. 8.?Sylvia Pank
! hurst. England's leading feminist
! Agitator, was again in the limelight
! today when Scotland Yard officials
j charged she had received $30,000 <n
^Russian gold from Bela Kun, for-!
mer Hungarian Soviet leader. The
money wa.? received through a
Norwegian radical, it was stated,
and was to.be used for promoting
British strikes. Miss Pankhurst de
nied she had received the money.
Scotland Yard operatives said pa
pers seized in a recent raid in
Glasgow Included a complete set of
rules of the Soviet republic and
location of places where bombs
were buried in Glasgow and Man
cheater.
Turks Declare 'Holy War'
On Greeks in Asia Minor
' Athens (via London). Aug. 8.?The
. Turks have proclaimed a "holy war"
! against the Greeks landed at Pan
1 derma.
Panderm*. lies In Asia Minor, in the
! Province of Hruza, on the suotHorn
'?Lore of tt* bu of Marmora. ,
. MAKE HIM SQUEAL, UNCLE!
Wife's Confession Frees
Stanton of Rolph Killing
Wrongs Done Pretty Woman by Man Who
Was Slain Were Told to Jury in
Alexandria Court.
Tears streamed from the eyes of
Martha Stanton last night when she
heard the words "Not guilty" from
the lips of the foreman of the jury
that had passed upon the fate of her
husband. Worth Stanton, who. for
three days, had been on trial for his
life in the court room at Alexandria,
for killing Jesse Rolph.
Having confessed her transgressions
with Rolph, a.s did Evelyn Nesbit
Thaw with Stanford White to save j
Harry Thaw, to keep Worth Stanton 1
from the electric chair, Martha Stan- j
WARN RUMANIA
by ultimatum;
Allies Tell Invaders of Hun
gary "Withdraw or Be
Expelled from League."
j Paris, Aug. 8.?In the strongest
i possible terms the Prace Confer
' ence informed Rumania that unless
! she immediately withdraws her
| troops from Budapest and ceases
| all aggression against Hungary she
will forfeit the friendship and
good will of the allied and associ
ated powers and make herself an
international outlaw, exposed to
tatal consequences for herself.
The note, which by this time has
reached Bucharest, is nothing short
of an ultimatum. It tells Rumania
that if she does not immediately
obey the mandates of the Peace
Conference she will be ousted from
the league of nations.
White House Chief
Clerk's Auto Stolen
Tom Brahanny, Chief Clerk at the
White House, yesterday, elected to
swim at the tidal bathing beach, and
taking along his faithful jitney, was
soon where the coolness of the water
gave old man heat a knockout blow.
After disporting himself in the
water for some length of time, he de
cided to crank up the bus and get
to work at the Executive Mansion,
leaving the bath house feeling cool
and ready to start in 011 a hard da"'*
work, he was soon warm again, his
bus had vanished.
The car wa^s later found at Del
Ray. Virginia, badly wreceked, hav
ing been ditched.
| ton last night again pledged loyalty
| to the freed man. Her lesson hud
been learned at tragic cost.
Mrs. Stanton's testimony, little less
i dramatic than that given by Evelyn
I Nesbit Thaw, is believed to have
greatly affected the Jury. The jury
In Alexandria occupied less than
j thirty-eight minutes to give Stanton
I back to the woman whose mistakes
had caused him to see red and rid
I the world of the man who had im
posed his will upon the young woman.
She Was Kngaged at 15.
i Eight years ago little Martha Mason
pinned up her dark curls, slipped into
a dainty frock?a new one. Just a
I bit longer than the others?and hast
ened away to take her part in the
graduating exercises of the Alexan
' dria High School. She had more than
j one reason for happiness, too; for was
| she not "promised," though she was
j barely 15, to Worth Stanton, who had
grown up in the little Southern town
with her, and who was conceded by
all to be "Just about as tine a boy
as you could find in these parts?"
And from that day to this, there
has never really been another man
in Martha's heart. She has said so.
CONTINUED ON PAGB TWO
AMERICAN SHIPPING
GAINS 382 PER CENT
Ixrndon, Aug. 8.?America's tre
mendous strides in the maritime
world since 1914 are graphically
i portrayed in the new edition of
j Lloyd's Shipping Register, which
shows the eteam sea-going tonnage
of the United States has increased
i 382 per cent in five years, whereas
[ the tonnage of the United Kingdom
has decreased 13 per cent.
Japan, with 36 per cent gain,
leads the increases by other na
tions.
$1,125 Left in Car
By a Bank Rnnner
*
H. I>. Selby, cashier of the Farmers'
and Mechanics' Bank, last night re
ported to the police that a wallet
containing $1,125 was lost on a car
of the Capital Traction Company, by
; his runner, Harry Tyler, address not
known.
j Tyler told the police that he had
j left the wallet on a aeat in the car,
| and when getting off forgot to take
it with him.
I Detective Sergeant Baur is a*
aed to Xh+ um.
NINE NEW YORK
THEATERS DARK
George M. Cohan. Sam For
rest and A1 Jolson Try
To Break Strike.
New York. Aug. 8.?Nine theater*
remained "dark" as member? of the
Actors' Equity Association declared
their strike was succeeding tonight.
Managers made more strenuous ef
f6rts to fulfill the public's demand to
be amused than to win their fight
against the striking actors' demand
that they be paid while rehearsing. by
calling in road companies to fill pap.-5
In their companies and by patching
up other gaps as ?est they might.
The Cohan A Harris Theater, which
was "dark" last night, reopened to
night with George M. Cohan appear
ing in the "Royal Vagabond" and
Sam Forrest, general stage manager
of the theater, also requisitioned to
face the audience across the foot
lights as a member of the caste.
A1 Jolson and Sophie Tucker as
sumed the places of a couple of strik
ing actors in the "Gaieties of 1919'*
at the Forty-fourth Street Theater.
The Selwyn Theater reopened to
night with "The Challenge" and
S thereby hangs one of the interesting
| incidents "staged" by the striking ao
' tors.
It was decided tonight by the Actors
Equity Association to send out pickets
and the Rialto was plentifully sprin
kled with picketing actors when the
theater crowds started for their fa
! vorite playhouses.
|
WHITE LABOR DESERTS
CHICAGO STOCKYARDS
Chicago. 111., Aug. 8.?Desertions
of white labor from packing houses
became so serious here today that
shippers were advised to hold their
stock until further notice. White
workers quit work because of the
return of negroes, who. they claimed,
are not union men.
At the plants it was said 3.300
men refused to report today. The
State troops were withdrawn from
the stockyards today, placating some
workers who objected to their pres
ence. Police and deputies remained
j on guard and the troops continued
their vigilance outside.
Pruoaer Now Want* to Lire.
Ossining, N. Y., Aug. 8.?George Faw
cett Hamby. under sentence of death
for murder in connection with robbery
of a Brooklyn bank last December,
has decided not to oppose the appeal
of his attorneys for a stay of sen
tence. it was learned today. Up to
this time he -had declared he wished
to die as soon as possible
f
President Asks
Federal Control
Of Distribution
Broad Legislative Program Urged on Con
gress to Enable the Government to Slash
Cost of Living?Executive Would Li
cense Interstate Shipments and Mark
Production Costs on All Commodities.
i
President Wilson yesterday urged upon Congress a broad legr?
lative program to reduce the cost of living and relieve the American
people of burdens which he said are unbearable.
He proposed national control of the processes of industry, saying:
| "Nothing less will suffice."
The President spoke before a joint session of the two Houses.
Wfw Law* 1
Specifically. he made the** recom
mendations :
Bnactment of law^ limiting the
time food may remain In cold
etorge
Fee era 1 licensing of industries en
gaged in interstate traffic with
limitation ->f profit*.
Inclusion of all neceasarles of life
under provisions of food control
legislation, and extension of the
laws to peace.
Appropriations for Federal
agencies to enable them to distrib
ute information on manufacturing
costs.
Adequate penalties to punlah
profiteers and hoarders
Marking of production costs on
package* of commodities shipped
between States
Emt+y ratification of the peace
treaty.
TTnlty in meeting post-war prob
| lems.
T? Fafth Proaeratloa*.
The President said studies of the
attorney general have shown that
combinations of producers and of
, traders have b^en formed for the
i control of prices which are clearly
j in restraint of trade.
"Against these prosecutions will
be promptly instituted and actively
pushed." he said, "which will in all
| likelihood have a prompt corrective
i effect."
I The President said surplus stock
of food and other necessaries held
I by the government will be sold at
i prices which will bring no profit,
and that foods in storage will b*
drawn out and sold by the Depart
ment of Justice.
Crowds gathered at the Capital
? to watch the President's arrival,
and cheered loudly when he left hi?
, automobile and entered the Housf
j chamber.
Applna?r Ff*qifnt.
He was escorted to the Fpeaker'5
'rostrum by a committee of Senators.
Chamber seats were filled, and all
available space in the galleries wa*
} occupied. Applau-se at the Presi
dent's appearance lastod several
minutes, and was frequent through
out his address.
His statement that there must bi
no threats from railroad workeri
who are asking increased wages
drew forth greatest demonstrations
Republicans here joined with Demo
crats. while their applause had beer
only perfunctory when the President
was speaking about the peace treaty
The President pointed out thai
1 high prices are not Justified by anj
1 scarcity of food, and said that law
' of supply and demand are not opera
tive.
An effort to check speculation an<!
Federal Agents
Act in War on
Living Costs
Results are already ap
parent in the government's
drive against profiteering.
Seven men were arrested
I yesterday at Grand Rapids,
Mich., by Federal agents.
Misbranding goods and em
] ploying incorrect weights
when selling goods were
the principal charges lodged
against those arrested.
In Cleveland, a special
grand jury returned indict
j ments against seven mem
bers of the Ohio State
Fanners Co-operative Milk
Company. Violation of the
State anti-trust laws was
charged.
George W. Sheehan. Chi
cago, president of the Cen
tral Sugar Company, was
arrested by Federal agents
in Pittsburgh on a charge
of conspiring to violate
food laws.
credit expansion 1* soen in the ma
ommendation that the pendinr bill
for control of security issuas b?
punl
W??l< lUnrli Reiallrf*.
He urged a break in the "vicious
| cycle" by which increased prices are
1 followed by demand* for increased
wages to which "there In no logical
j or natural end."
Retailer*, the President said. am
In part responsible for hifh price*
He would spread knowledge of pro
i duct ion copti so it may be known
what margin* of profit are being de
manded.
"America must prove her mettle."
said the President in helping Kurope
! to get back to her normal l.fa and
production.
He expressed confidenoe that the
great body of organized labor will see
that strike* at this eritloaJ time only
Increase burdens, and expressed will
ingness to confer with labor ta as
effort to remedy conditions.
Karly rat.fication of the peace treaty
was asked. There can he no peane
* prices while we sre In a state of war.
'said the President.
j lAbor will not accept the President's
proposals, according to R^resentative
Nolan, labor representative In Co*
press.
The President cannot expect labor
to sit idly by and starve because of
j high pr.ces, while he passes out glit
tering generalities." said Nolan. "The
high cost of living and the mace de
mands have been before him for
months, and he should havr acted "
The message follows in full:
President*# Message.
. j lien tie men of the Congress
1 have sought this opportunity to
1 address you because it ig clearly my
. ; duty to call your attention to the
present cost of living and to ur*a
I upon you with all the persuasive force
of which 1 sm capable the legislative
i measures which would be mojt effect
? ive in controlling It snd bringing it
down. The prices the people of th?>
country are paying for everything
that is necessary for them to us# In
order to live are not justified by s
shortage in supply, either present
prospective, and are in many ease9
artificially and deliberately created bv
' vicious practice? which ought imme
diately to be checked by law They
constitute a burden upon us which ?*
the more unbearable because we knou*
that it is wilfully imposed by those
who have the power and that it can
; by vigorous public action be great'y
lightened and made to SQusre witn
: the actual conditions of supply ami
demand Some of the methods by
which these prices are produced are
already illegal, some of them erim
inal. and those who employ them WI?t
be energetically proceeded against;
but others have not yet b*?en brought
under the law, and should be dealt,
with at once by legislation.
1 I need not recite the particulars of
j this critical matter the prices de
i manded and paid at the sources of
j supply, at the factory, in the foo<i
marketa. at the shops. in the restau
rants and hotels, alike in the city an?
I in the village. They are familiar to
, you. They are the talk of every do
mestic circle snd of every group o:
casual acquaintances even It is *
matter of familiar knowledge, also
that a process has set in which ??
likely, unless something is done, to
I push prices and rents and the whou
cost of living higher and yet higher
I in a vicious cycle to which there
i no logical or natural end. With tha
j increase in the prices of the nece^
| sarie5 of life come demands for in
j crease in wages?demand* which are
i Justified if there be no other mean*
! of enabling men to live.
Price Increase Follows U are <
I per tke Increase of wage
there follow* close an |aerea*<
In the priee of the products
whow producer* ha* e heen ac
corded the Inereaae noi a pro
portionate I aercase, for the maa
| ufactarer doe* not eoatent him
self with that, hat an Increase
considerably greater thaa the
added wage east and for whleh
the added wage cost Is often
times hnrdly mare thaa an ex
cuse. The laharers who do net
i get an Increase In pay whea
they demaarf It are likely to
strike. and the strike only
makes matters worse. It cheek*
production. If It affceta the rall
wnya It prevent* dUfrthatloa
an<J strips tke markets, so that
there Is presently nothing to
hay. nnd there Is another e?
ceoalve addition to pelcea re?sH
Ina trow the aeareity.
These are facts and force* with
'which we have beeomc only too fa
i ou.vnNi?Lj oh rai?k rug*.*

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