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U. S. Trade Grew Billion
Dollars During War, Says Holland. In & little over a year there will be assembled at Washington men of In fluence who represent South Ameri- j can nations, and who will meet men of like standing in the United States. It 1* to be another Pan American Con- ( ference, and presumably from its de liberations and recommendations there will be established increased interna tional commerce between the United States and the continent to the south of us. What that increase may ? can only be Inferred from the unexpected and wonderful increase in our commercial relations with South America, and in fact all the Latin-American nations. Including Cuba, which has taken place within the past three or four years. So sensational, dramatic and tragic were the events which characterized the European war that this unex pected increase in our commerce with South America was scarcely noticed. There was statistical reference to it in the reports from Washington, and occasionally attention was called to it when South American nations ap proached the money markets of the United States for the purpose of se curing loans. Tet in its way It is relatively un paralleled and is absolutely very great. In the fiscal year which ended on Monday of last week, the expan sion of trade between the United States and the Latin-American coun tries was in excess, in money-value, of our international trade with these countries before the European war be gan by approximately $1,000,000,000. In the fiscal year which ended on June 30, 1914. our international trade with l*atin America was in the aggregate of the money-value of seven hundred and fifty millions. In the fiscal year just ended on June ?*> the money value of that trade was somewhat in excess of ?1."50.000. 000. Thrs*? figures are in part esti mated, but they are to be believed substantially correct. In the previous fiscal year which began on July 1. 1917, the value of our exports to South America was considerably greater than the money \alue of our imports. This is easily explained. The South American nations were compelled af ter Europe was at war to come to the United States to purchase commodities in large amounts, some of which they were in desperate need. Before the European war began the greater part of commodities of this kind was pur chased in England and the continent of Europe. i- is. however, essential that the United States do not increase Its exports in South America without at the same time increasing our Imports. We are already sending gold to South America and pre sumably within the next year will export a good many millions more. This will serve to facilitate trade relations. especially in view of the fact it is now clearly established that trade is strongly disposed to follow the loans. American capital must and un doubtedly will flow into South America until at last many hun dred millions art invested there. No small part of thi3 capital will be employed in railroad construction Adequate transportation is one of the chief needs of South America If her resources are to be well d'.ve loped. This is especially true of the in terior and of such nations as Bolivia and Brazil. There was a strong tendency towards pnlarged railroal construction in South America un til about a year before Germany began her march towards France and Belgium. Then that construc tion was checked. The French bankers who were able to set far ahead and some of the English bankers were unwilling to extend further credits giving as a plausible excuse, now realized to have been a sound ore. that the apprehension of general European war was so great as to make it unwise to grant loans or advances, secured by rail road bonds or stocks in South Amer ica. In addition to the investment of American capital in railway con struction and the exploiting of some of the very rich natural resources of South America, almost all of which have been untouched, it will be nec essary for the United States to fur nish ample credit facilities. We are already learning that it is upon the utilization of credit that the great endeavors which are now under way are made possible, and the future endeavors, of which there are to be so many, will be financed. South America stands in need of large credit facilities. That is true of both the nations of that continent, and also of private enterprises, cor Wholesale Selling Prices of Beef in Washington The following are the average wholesale prices of beef realized by Swift and Company from sales to the trade in the city of Washington for the sixteen weeks :nding August thirtieth, nineteen nineteen, as published in the newspapers: Week Ending May 17th May 24th May 31at Jane 7th Jane 14th Jane 21st Jane 28th July 5th July 12th July l?th July 28th August 2n?l August 9th Augrust 16th August 23rd August 30th Pricc per CWT. *22.82 *21.80 *20.72 ?20.10 *i sja M 8.9.1 SI 9.33 SIS. 79 *19.34 SI 9.8ft* SI 9.49 SI 7.44 S| 9.63 918.40 S18.89 ? 17.39 ?Through clerical error this price originally appeared as 117.70. Swift & Company "THAT LITTLE GAME" No Wonder He's Sore can Hou 6cat (t ? ^crjldnt thm" vouft goat ? talk a&out rotted luck , ?*? That'5 the way t've seer* nosed oot Au_ mght : here i've got a^ eliht Hi&H straight a*o THAT car&oncce cie/ati ujith a \ nine high stoa16ht porations, public utilities, mining! j and presumably the development 1 upon a large scale of the vast petro ! leum resources of South America. No one who is interested in the j enlargement of our enternational trade with South America doubts that these credits will bo secured, i It seems not to be a careless esti : mate or a mere gues upon which is based a statement that in the fiscal year which has just begun our in ternational trade with Soutli- Amer-j j ica may be found to have been of; I the money value of $2,500,000,000, j "HOLLAND." FIVE THOUSAND ASK MERCY FOR NEGROES Five thousand people have signed a I petition circulated by the Rev. Dr. i Simon P. W. Drew, pastor of National Cosmopolitan Baptist Church, and : president of the White Cross Free i L?abor Federation Bureau of America, asking President Wilson that clemency 1 be shown negroes arrested during race , riots here. Headquarters have been opened at the Cosmopolitan Baptist Church. N I street between Ninth and Tenth | j streets northwest, with several secre I taries to take the names of persons j desirinaj to sign the petition. The j ' headquarters will be open from ? i. m. j i until 5 p. m. daily. Captain and German Fiance Are Reunited New- Tork. Sept. 1.?Reunited with the German girl he was en gaged to before the United States entered the war, Capt. Edwin W. I Peterson. Boston, arrived here to 1 day on the transport Sierra. His | bride, born in Berlin, who said her first name was Katherine but would not divulge her surname for "obvious reasons." accompanied him. j Capt. Peterson went overseas a ; year and a half ago as a member of I Dental Corps No. 2. He and "Kath ; erine" met in 1914 when he was an instructor in Tufts College. Boston, and she was in one of his classes. I They were engaged when she re j turned to Germany in 1916. On ' April 9, 1917, the girl was arrested by the German military authorities i on a charge of being an American i agent. She was convicted and sentenced J to twelve years' solitary conflne ; nient. When the Kaiser's regime I was overthrown she obtained her J freedom, left for Paris and was I married to Captain Peterson July 16. 1919. METHODISTS MAY~LIFT AMUSEMENTS BAN | New York. Sept. 1.?The ban 1 upon dancing, theater-going and jcard playing, contained in the Book i of Discipline of the Methodist. Epis copal Church, is to be the subject i of debate at the church's general j conference in Des Moines next May. The conference will be called to re move the prohibitions from the I Book of Discipline. The Producing Managers' Asso-j ciation today unanimously adopted a resolution urging the abolition of , the ban upon the theater, declaring j "We seek to have the theater on such a plane that neither church nor ?tate can object to its social in fluence." Tho convention of dancing mas : ters passed similar resolutions re iccntly regarding the ban on danc > ing. . "International Crook" Arrested in Detroit Detroit. Sept. 1.?Joseph Louzon.l 1 33, a "university graduate and j ! chemist." today admitted he was: an "international crook." the police! said. Louzon told the police, they j said, that he had taken loot valued j at $5,000 from Detroit homes. Lcuzon speaks several languages, says "he knows the world "like a book" and admitted a crucible found in his rooms was used to melt rings, police said. New Schedule in Effect To Chesapeake Beach New schedule of trains between J the District line and Chesapeake) Beach goes, into effect today. From! today through Friday trains will j leave the District line at 9:15 and | 11 a. m. and 2:30, 5:40 and 8 p. m. Trains will leave the beach for W'ashington at 6:35 a. m. and 12:30. i 3, 6. and 10 p. m. Next Saturday and Sunday the usual full schedule of trains will be j maintained, but commencing Mon day. September 8. a curtailed sched I ule will go into effect. Discuss Worldwide Dryness. [ Chicago, Sept. 1.?Prohibition lead } ers from all parts of the United j States, meeting here today, discussed j tentative plans for a campaign to carry across the seas their battle against liquor. She Sues for Breach of Promise; He Also Sues Tenafly, X. J.. Sept. 1.?Whether the man or the woman suffered the most from the alleged breach of promise is the* question raised in the court proceedings instituted here today. May I,. Phipps. who lives with her uncle and aunt. Mr. and Mrs. I. S. Vanloan, sued William Russell Smith, a prominent merchant, for $50,000? $25,000 for alleged breach of promise and $25,000 balm for the physical col lapse she charges she suffered when the engagement was broken. Smith, in counter action, asks $10,0^) for the mental shook caused hiin by Miss Phipps' court action, and his j sued her^aunt and uncle for $10,003 | more, charging conspiracy to black mail. CAPT. GRAVES' BURIAL HERE THIS AFTERNOON Funeral services for Capt. Herbert Cornelius Graves, who di"d at Wins ford. Somerset County, England, will be held at Waugh Methodist Episco pal Church. Third and A streets northeast, at 2.30 o'clock this after noon. ('apt Graves was chief of the divi sion of hydrography and topegraphv of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and wa? England to attend a meeting of the internafonal conference of hy drographic experts in London. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. <"lara Edith Graves; three sons, and thre^ daughters. ! 239 Bottles of Booze Carried In, Police Say T. Harry Todd was charged in Po lice Court yesterday with violating the bone-dry law by bringing into the District of Columba from Mary land 239 bottles of whisky and four bottleg of wine. Tt is alleged by Po j liceman Milton Warren that the in I toxicants were found in the automo j bile of Todd. After the information had been read Judge McMahon granted a continu ance of the case until next Friday. I when the testimony will be submitted by both sides. Motor School Opening Exercises Are Delayed Because of the inability of Secretary Baker to be present Tuesday. Septem ber 2, the openincr exercises of the I Motor Transport Training School, set for that date, have been postponed ! until Friday. September 5. j The Secretary of War will be the chief speaker at the exercises. Sena tor Fraunce. Senator Hoke Smith. ; Senator Thomas and Representative i Zihlman will speak also. j Gen. March, <"*b}ef of Staff. TJeut. Gen. Bullard. MaJ. (Jen. Menoher. | Brig. Gen. Marshall und other dis | tinguished officers are expected to be j present. THE TOWN CRIER. A bond concert will be nircn at I the Soldiers' Home this evening. Marine Band concert at Iowa Circle will be given at 7:30 o'clock j this evening. Marine Band concert at 7:3ft o'clock this evening. Sixteenth i street and Columbia road north west. Opening: exercise* of the General Staff College will be addressed by Secretary Baker at 10:30 a. m. to day. The Public Vehicle Chauffeur** Union, No. 625. will meet tonight at 8 o'clock. Fifth and G streets northwest. The Ladle** Co-operative Im provement Society will hold a fes tival at Silver Springs. Md.. this I evening. More First Division Men Land. New York, Sept. 1.?AWitioyal units of the First Division arrived today on the transport Von Steuben, which brought in 2,187 officers and men from Brest. The organizations aboard were the First Division headquarters. Seventh Field Artillery, First Machine Gun Battalion. First Ammunition Train, Ambulance Companies 2. 3 and 12, and Field Hospital No. 12. Maj. Gen. E. A. Helmick was a passenger. Whi?ky Worth 550,000 Lo?t in Fire. Huntington, W. Va., Sept. 1.?Six hundred cases of whisky, valued at $50,000 and nine buildings, valued at $30,000, were destroyed bv flre at Cat lettsburg, Ky., today. The flre origi nated in a hotel and was believed to have been started by a tramp. Three men were injured. Italian King Reprieves Soldiers. Rome. Sept. 1.?King Emanuel today granted reprieves to about 40,000 sol diers who had received prison senten ces ranging from twenty years to life terms. DANIELS REVIEWS THE PACIFIC FLEET Aboard I". S. S. Oregon. San Francisco. Sept. 1.?Traversing th * ocean lane that Sir Francis Drake failed t?? And. the Pacific fleet steamed into San Francisco Bay to day and rediscovered the Golden Gate. With Secretary Daniels, Army and Naval officers, and a party of guests standing; on the decks of the histor ic battleship Oregon, the future protectors ?.f the racflic roast passed in review. on land cheer ing thousands, representing: all of Northern California, roared a salvo I of greeting which drowned out cv- | erything but the barking guns "f ( the shore batteries and the fighting ships which roared salutes as they i I passed before the still proud old ; Oregon. j It was the second review of the fleet's visit and the weeks which had intervened had served only to emphasize the significance of the fleet's coining and to brinp the West into full realization that the great line of fighting craft meant as much for the conquests of peace as for the victories of war. STEEL WORKERS HAVE MILLIONS Survey in Youngstown, Ohio, Heart of IncKistry, Shows Prosperity. Pittsburgh. Sept. L?The employes of the United States Steel Corpora I tlon, whose average standard of life, the American Federation of Labor | says, is "below the pauper line," have millions of dollars deposited in the savings banks, building loans and pos tal savings banks In the towns and cities in the steel region. And it is the foreign-born workers, who as a class receive the lowest wages, that make up the big bulk of the depos itors. Just how many millions these steel workers have on deposit Is not known, but figures from the five bsnks and : three building loan associations at ' Youngstown, Ohio, 'the heart of the I steel industry." will serve as *.n in dex to the prosperity of steel work ers In other cities and towns. The savings deposited in the five | banks and three building loan asso I ciations in Youngstown. which amount I to J41.42S.036. an estimated average of I more than $400 for each man. woman i and child in the city, do not include S39.000.000 in checking accounts in the banks, or deposits in postal savings, which are said to be considerable fcr a city the size of Youngstown. On October 1, 1918. all workers were put on an eight-hour basis, with time and a half for overtime. The rate of 42 cents an hour for common laborers means $2^.16 earned at the end of six days, if the laborer works no overtime. If he works two hours overtime daily, it means J-'7.72 in his envelope at the end of the week. If he works twelve hours a I day, as many of the laborers do. he I receives $33.2S when Saturday night j comes. Swedish Consulate Looted. I Stockholm, Sept. 1.?B olshevik | agents have sacked the Swedish con sulate at Moscow, stealing millions of ' kroners. according to reports received ! by the Svensk Dagblad. It is declared (that large sums belonging to the Na tional City Bank of New York w^r* j included. Chinese Air Pilots Hurt in Fall. j San Francisco, Sept. 1?Two <"hineso air pilots came to grief today while flying toward th<* Pacific fleet and both were injured, one seriously. Rats! Droves of 'Em Hold A Convention in Streets Herald Reader Reports Seeing Rodents in Night Parade, Some of Them as $ V Big as Rabbits. -.#? Has your virion been troubled by armies of huge rata parading the streets at night? Or jumping hilari ously from roof to roof? Even after your dinner had included nothing more inspiring than iced tea? At least one Washingrtonian says that this is quite poaMble. That Washington is infested with thousands of largo rats is the com plaint made by a reader of The Her ald. who r has written the following letter: "Washington has many kinds of rata, but the most troublesome of all are the ground and water rats They are sometimes as large as young rab bits, and they eat Into the founda tions of buildings, dangerously weak ening the structures, usually without any knowledge of the house owners. In the daytime they hide In the crev ices of buildings and In the sewer pipes, but at night, when It Is quiet, they come out and run about the streets, and they may often be seen Jumping from roof to roof. "The other night I saw a regular parade of rats in the alley that dl Red Cross Photographs Graves of U. S. Airmen Of the 150 American aviators who lost their lives in battle, the graves of 143 have been photo graphed by the American fced Cross for their families, it was an nounced here yesterday. Every ef fort la being made to locate aTTH photograph the seven that have not yet been found. With a member of the Army Graves Registration Service, armed with German war records of Amer ican graves, went a Red Cross photographer. The graves were lo cated after hundreds of miles of German foil hod been covered. As soon as they were found and prop erly narked in accordance with army regulations, they were photo graphed. vide* Keith's Theater from the Na tional Federal Bank 1 wu Inclined to wonder whether the rat tribe had not learned of tha bank robber who waa said to have hidden two SLOOt Liberty bonds in a aewer, and ha? assembled for the purpoae of ferret ing out the loot. At any rata. they seemed to be holding a Tery Inter ested and animated conversation In i their own language "One of the big fellows In the rat crowd happened to notice the writer standing near, and accordingly gave | a signal evidently understood by all the rest, for the meeting broke up in a disorderly flight. Talk about the rats of China Washington haa noth I ing on them'!" Dr. W. C. Fowler, helath offl j cer of the District, naid last night | that the alleged well - attended rat conventions were news to him. "I have never heard." Dr. Fowler j said, "that Washington had any un usually large rats, nor In any aur i prising numbers. No complaints of i that sort have come to my atten 1 tion." American Legion Will Question Count Minotto Chicago. Sept. 1.?Count Jame.? Minotto. son-in-law of Louis F. Swift. Chicago packer, announced j today he will not object to quea ' tioning by members of the citigen ship committee of the American Legion regarding his rights to American citizenship. Challenged by the committer of the Legion several days ago when i he made application for his natu ralization papers. Minotto said I while he believed government au thorities will competently pass on : his case, he will submit to the j Legion's investigation. The Legion a*ked permiaalon to I question the count following his re , lease as an alien enemy from Fort Osrl^thorpe. Ga.. where he was In terned during the war. ? Is Backache Wearing You Out? Does any little exertion leaveyou tired and worn? Do vou feel weak, nervous, "all unstrung?" Do you suffer daily backache, dizziness and sick headache? You shouldn't! Too many folks drag along day in and day out, thus handicapped. And too often they overlook the kidneys which are likely at fault. Weak kid neys cause many queer aches, pains and kidney irregularities. But, if taken in time, kidney ills are usually easily corrected. Neglected, even a slight kidney weakness may turn into gravel, dropsy or Bnght's disease. Don't wait! You owe it to your self to get well and to stay well. Use Doan's Kidney Pills! Doan's have brought thousands of weak, tired, discouraged people back to health. Washing ton folks tell the story. Ask your neighbor! These Are Washington Cases: Every Picture i: Tells a Story TENTH STREET H STREET N. W. SIXTH STREET S. E. Charles T. Lang. 910 Tenth street southeast, says: "I had such backaches I couldn't do any lifting or stooping, and as my work calls for a strong hack. I was just so I couldn't do anything. My hark ached considerably and I had sharp catches in the region of my kidneys. My kidneys didn't act right at all, and the secretions burned and scalded in passage. A friend advised me to try Doan's Kidney Pills and on taking the advice I was helped from the first. Soon my back was strong and wel again." Mrs. I,. H. Middlekauff. 439 H street northwest, gave the following statement December 4. 1012: "I have used Doan's Kidney Pills with satisfactory re sults and gladly recommend them for backache and kidney ailments. Doan s do just exactly as they are advertised to do." On November 15. 191R. Mrs. Middlekauff said: "My faith in Doan's Kidney Pills is as strong as ever. Doan's are sure to give immediate relief whenever 1 have need to take them." Elmer E. Keeler. *23 Sixth street southeast, says: "I know there is nothing better for kidney trouble than Doan's Kidney Pills. My work Is trying on the back and kidneys, and often I sttf* fered from a dull ache across the small of my bark. 1 couldn't do much stooping or lifting, and the action of my kidneys was irregular Doan's Kidney Pills strengthened my ba<k and kidneys. 1 know they are all that is claimed for them." GOOD HOPE ROAD S. E. Mrs. W. J. Mitchell. 1515 Good Hope road south east. says: "A few years ago I was in a bad fix with kidney trouble. Every move 1 made caused in tense suffering. My back ached so I thought it would break and my work often went undone. I was dizzy and nervous and the action of my kid neys was irregular. The first box of Doan's Kid ney Pills gave me relief, and after using two boxes the pains and aches were gone." G STREET S. E. !\o piieknicc of Doan'n Kidney Pill* id Krnalnf utile** It hrnr* the mnpl?>-lenf tradf-innrk nnd the nlgnnture?'?.lame* Donn.'' John C. Harper, 1116 G street southeast, says: "For the past few years I have used Doan's Kid ney Pills for kidney ailments J am exposed to all kinds of weather and no doubt that is what brings on the attacks. At times the pains are so severe in the region of my kidneys 1 ran hardly g*t up or down. My kidneys act irregularly and the secre tions are unnatural in passage 1 used Doan's Kid ney Pills from Kealey's drug store at th^se times, and they fixed me up in excellent shape." Doan's Kidney Pills Every Druggist has Doan'a, 60c a box. Foater-Milburn Co., Manufacturing Chemists, Buffalo, N. Y.