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. EARLY LIFE OF
GEN. JOHN J. PERSHING AUTHENTIC STORY OF THE BOYHOOD DAYS OF THE FAMOUS GENERAL By HAROLD F. WHEELER. COXTTNCED FROM TESTEROAT. Peach orchards, since time imme-' morial. have been an attraction j which few small boys could resist. Jehn Pershing: was no excepttion. On a Sunday not very long after Sam Hawkins, the "Hack Finn" of old Laclede, had tried to teach John to smoke and chew tobacco a Jgeaeh orchard raid was made of WKe raiders. As the story goes. John, with several of his "pang" was walking on the outskirts of the town this particular Sunday morning and stopped to rest near the home of Farmer Margrave. Now in all La clede, there was no finer peach orch ard than Farmer Margrove's. and never before or since, if one be lieves the story, did the peaches ap pear morf alluring than on this par ticular Sfnday. Ripe, luscious looking. they were an attraction hat John and the boys with him *>uld not overlook. Conduct* SoecfMfal Retreat. A few words were passed and ohn deployed his "gang." one boy to a tree and himself to the largest tree of all. Everything was going nicely, just as the young leader of the raiding party had planned, when Farmer Margrave suddenly appear ed on the seen*. Retreat was inev itable. and it came, wild and hasty. bef?lre the advance of the irate farmer. It was a successful re treat. Farmer Margrave could not catch one of the raiders, could not even get near enough 'o recognize .hem. The whole town Hearned of raid a few hours later and sus picion pointed to John. Mr. Pershing?he was superin tendent of the Sunday school of the Methodist Church at the time? ?eard of it and called Jofln before 'im. Whether John had ever read ' Geors* Washington and the lerry tre? ts not known. But any iy. John, lik* George, confessed * guilt and told th* whole story. ;olving the other boys. No blame ula attach to them, he told his ler. as he was the first to think ?aiding the orchard and directed rc.id *>t any of the peaches. John?" father asked. No sir." the boy replied. "We ! to leave too quickly." "Well." said Mr. Pershing, after few moments of reflection, "if Margrav* should ever ask you out the affair look him in the eye 1 tell him the truth. I guess the >rd understands what a t^mpta on an orchard or a watermelon patch * to a boy. but He will not stand or lying." 't was about this time in the ren vl*s life, the tune of the peach hard raid, that an inc.dent hap ?d which Laclede recalls today? Laclede. Ask anyone of those old ede folks about Capt, Love's goat. *ed George N. Lomax. the brother -he banker, the brother who lives Dennison. Texa^. Ve had Just planted the park then."* Ml Lomax told me. "The trees were jail, little more than shrubs. One ght Capt. Love's goat broke loose nd| w*?nt to the park for a banquet, e ate several of the trees. Those he in't eat he stripped of bark. John d T and some of the other boys de >d that Mr. Goat had *aten his *~t tree. Next night, led by John, we aaght Mr. Goat. We hunsr him. Yes. ir. we hung him?to the bandstand in .he park. Of course ***apt- Tywe's wrath was terrible. H* offered a reward of J2F? for the apprehension of anyone who took part in the hanging. The reward is still unpaid." Mr. Lomax tells of other escapades raids on peach orchards and water melon patches. Mr. Tjomax was a boy then, just about the general's age. and 'the raiding parties usuaJly consisted of himself, John Pershinjr. Lomax. W01 Love and a few nf their play /mates. Mr. Love recounts the history J-of one of these raids. "John and I." he told me, ,vwere roaking about one day on the south 1 of the town. We rame across a patch of melons. Boylike we wanted some. *They looked srood to us. We took a rge melon and lugged it away to a ' ace where we could not be seen and ?t out our knives. Guess0 We'd ade a mistake. We had a citron or e-melon. John laughed. He was al iys game. But we didn't have any termelon?that is. not that day." ^he general's brother, ".rim" Persh ^ has many interesting tales to re int of those childhood days. There one. in particular, the story of the r.ftime he and John ever chewed .cco. As Jim tells It. there was in 'ede a boy named Samuel Hawkins. ADen remember? him. Hawkins, respected business man. lives in lahoma now. But the Samuel Haw is of boyhood was a boy much like rk Twain's "Hack "FTnn." Gen. Pfnhin^'j Brother. 'John was 14 and I was about 12." . Pershing said. **T think perhaps had tried to smoke before. But never tried to chew. We looked >n It as a condescension for Haw s to offer us a bite out of his plug vy. We accepted it and we bit Lhe plug generously. We did not it Hawkins to think w? were mot iddlefi. Since that day I always le when people talk of being sea c. They really do not know what *rv is. ' you know." Mr. Pershing con this anecdote, "somehow John never had the same venera . for Hawkins after that day." ioyhood, however, was not all play th Gen. Pershing. There was much e to his days. Study and work? Iff ither had bought a farm on the starts of the town?entered into m. sucir study and work as only a niry boy brought up in the West know. Pershing?he was superintendent ? Sunday school of the Methodist "? /it the time?heard of It and ,lin before him. Whether John p read of George Washington herry tree is not known. But T John, like George, confessed and told the whole story, .g the other boys. No blame attach to them, he told his as he was the first to think ling the orchard and directed the i fisrt school lessons, even as his life lessons, he learned at his jer' knee. She it was who taught his A. B. Ca. and the addition multiplication tables. But ?ol. real school, came when he barely more than five or six ?s oW. Work-first the chores "ome, a cow to milk, a dling box to fill; then, the *.iard la rious toil of the farm, cultivating, ?loughing. harvesting, quickly fol p>we<*. Tie Family Record. Meantime the Pershing family had ??fcsed. Brothers and sisters ar ? First came James F.. jr.. always He was bom February Next came Mary Elizabeth, always I called Bessie. She was born June 10, ; 1S64. Three years later, on June 30, 1857, Ann May, always known as May. was born. ' They are alive today. 1 Other children of the Pershinfcs were Grace, born March 29, 1S69; Rose i and Ruth, twins, born in 1872: Ward | P.. born March 29, 1874. and Fred G.. j born in 1877. The twins and Fred ' died In infancy. i Grace and Ward lived many years. J Grace to become the wife of Richard : B. Paddock, an officer who fell in the our leader in our school as well as out of school. He could always do everything Just a little bit better than the rest of us. "How he could play marbles!" Mr. Love exclaimed suddenly, think ing of those things the general could do better. "I guess,** he continued, "that oth ers have probably told you by thi time of how John led, us in our snow ball battles. But I wonder if any one has told you how he whipped th> Brookfleld gang." I admitted no one had and Mr. Love told me. "Brookfleld. you know." he said, "had a gang of boys, whose chief de light was to come to Laclede, winter or summer, and lick our boys. One winter they came and we ambushed them. John planned the ambush. W? gave those Brookfleld boys the sound est trouncing they ever had. It ended them. They never stormed us in La clede again, though we sometimes went to Brookfleld and attacked them! (^nfral Girffg LirlHf Boy*. Mr. Love turned from the past to the present. "I have a son in France." he said I "Wesley O. Love, a member of an outflt from Missouri. I want to tel. | you of an incident concerning hiir i which reveals a characteristic of -#?:vi<i iii mm?? I'liwiiinin First school G*n. Pe Boxer campaign. Ward to become a I captain in the United states army j'?ra.cp filed in 1904- Her son. Richard ; Paddock, jr.. is a major on his ' uncle's staff in France. Ward died I in 19*19. I The general's father and mother I were to live for many years and to i I their careful upbringing of him. the i i splendid Christian home thev made | and maintained for their children, the owes much of his present great ness. Laded" folks told me. even 1 a* his sister, Mrs. D. XL Butler I Bessie?told me. I Of the general's early school days, one can learn much of them from ('lay C*. Bigger, a lawyer ini Laclede: Krancis G. Adams, a farm-1 er of the town, and Leander Wes- J j ley Love of Brookfield. They were j classmates of John Pershing. Hh.it Schoolmates Say of Him. Mr. Love was the first with whom' I talked. Lee Love. Laclede people j call him. "The first clear memories I have' | of John." Mr. Love told me. "are I when we were both about nine or ten years old. We sat together? | beside each other?in school Pro- J (fessor Carruthers. long since dead.! I w as our teacher. I knew then John i I was different from the rest of us He had greater intelligence. As I look hack over the years I can see! that he studied harder than the rest iof us ar"! 'hat from earliest child hood he lived wit* a definite goal, in view. He wanted an education, the best, and he worked and work ; ed with that objective. "T do not recall that John was I particularly brilliant But he was a 'plugger.' He stuck to a task until he mastered it. Let me tell I you a story of him to illustrate what j I mean. One day I was sent for a ; load of lumber near the Pershing . farm. I saw John in the brush. (He bent over, poking amongst the leaves with a stick, apparently look ing for something he had lost. ""What you hunting?- I asked | him. ! " "Buzzers,* he replied. I "I didn't know w"jat "buzzers' were, hut I decided If John wanted | a buzzer" I wanted one. too. So I i joined him. Tn about a minute I | learned what 'buzzers' were?rattle j snakes. Yes. sir. that was what (Jotin was hunting?rattlesnakes. One of them almost got me. John ? killed it just as it was about to I strike. | "John showed me how to eaten (them, but somehow I could not get | the knack of it. I didn't catch a one But John got seven of them that afternoon. He stuck to it He was persistent. And in school he tack ed ??U '"sons lust as he j tackled the T)uzzers.' A!way, a Good Scholar. iatlh<.cr^que.nce h' "'ways stood I at the head of the class. He was HOW A YOUNG GIRL SUFFERED And Wa* Restored to Health By Lydia E. Pinkham's Veg etable Compound?Told By Her Mother. Brooklyn, N. Y.-"I cannot praise Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound enough for what it has done for my daughter. She was 15 years of age, very sickly and pale and she had to stay home from school most 1 of the time. She I suffered agonies i from backache and dizziness and was ?without appetite. For three months she waa under the doctor's care and got no better, al ways complaining about her back ? ?/nuii .s'd? aching so 1\rd'h* f didn't know what to do. I read in the papers about your wonderful trr^t. %h? !>,ma^e,Up my m,nd 10 try it She has taken five bottles E' Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and doesn't complain an>', mor? w|th her and side aC^ .S' , 1133 S^ned In weight and feels much better. I recom mend Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound to all mothers and daughters."?Mrs. M. Fisoee 516 Marcy Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. For special advice in regard to such ailments write to Lydia rc PmkMm Meditine Co, r^Tu.f (Photo bv H. F. WhfHer.) hlne erfr attrmlf0. ? John?his never-ending loyalty to hi> friends. And I would have you re member It is years since I have seen John?not since we were about 19. "Well, recently, my son wrote to me telling me that his company hart marched in review before John. John knew the company was made up of Missouri boys and he spoke with the captain?Capt. Elliott, since killed in action. John asked the captain to have all the Laclede boys step out of ranks. The boys did and John shook hands with each of them, in quiring their names. "When he reached Wesley he askert him: " "Are you I>ee Love's son?' " "Wesley said he was. and John? the general?told him to be sure, when he wrote to me. to remember him to me. "I guess." Mr. Ix>ve concluded, tears in his eyes, "that's the kind of a friend to have. God! Our boys 'over there* are safe with John." I talked next with Mr. Adams Frank Adam's, the Laclede folks ca!l him. Was Hla Boyhood Cham. "John," Mr. Adams told me, "was the first boy I met when I went to schooL We were together for many years?all our early school days. I lived out in the country then, as l do today?used to ride to school on ' horseback just as the country children do today?and while I did not see much ft John after school I saw ail there was to see of him in school and at recess. I was his seatraate and from 9 o'clock each school day until * in th$ afternoon we were together. He was a goodly boy to look upon as I recall him now, slender and straight is an Indian, strong as an Indian, I too. I never remember him being sick. | "And study! He was the most i earnest boy about his lessons I ever remember. He took them seriously at all times. He was especially in terested in mathematics and easily led the class in that subject. But then, he led in everything." Mr. Bigger?Clay Bigger?has known John Pershing as long as Mr. Adams. The friendship ha? continued through all the years. "But to save my soul," Mr. Bigger declared, "I can't recall anything un usual about John when he was a ; school boy. You know the career of | a great man is built slowly. John j was not a precocious boy. He was , just an ordinary boy who studied hard. His Improvement was so grad | ual we did not notice it. There were | classmates who. at .times, might j 'spell him down or answer a problem more quickly. But John was always ready for the step ahead. That is the secret of his rise to greatness. He always had a definite goal and he always seized every opportunity that offered for a chance of advancement." I Mr. Bigger tells more of John?or j John's expressed intention to engage in the legal profession and enter into partnership with him. But that be-: longs to another chapter. There are still living two of the, teachers who taught in the Lacleae | school when John attended tt. But I before 1 write of them and what theyj j told me it would be best to recount the story of Mrs. Susan Hewitt. Mrs. ' Hewitt?"Aunt Susan" to all Laclede j folks and, indeed, to the folks of all | the countryside?was a sort of fairy | godmother to John Pershing. ! "Aunt So*nn" Tell* Her Story, j A rare, sweet old woman is Aunt Susan. She came to Laclede from the i South in 1864 with her husband. CapL ! Jacob Hewitt. War had swept away j their home in the Potomac valley, I their home and all their earthly pos- j ! sessions, and they came to Laclede to j I start life anew. They opened a hotel ! j ?the old Missouri House. The schools J I John attended still stand. One isj used today as a barn, the other is ! used as a dwelling by a negro family, j But the old Missouri House is gone. Aunt Susan was passionately fond 1 of children, yet she had never been : blessed v* ith any. She sought solace ; and found it by becoming a mother to all the children of Laclede?a fairy godmother who never remembered to; j lock her pantry door against the in ! vasions of Laclede's boys and girls, j I Sitting in the chamber of her home ; in Laclede she told me of those days j and years. Those days and years meant much to Aunt Susan then. They mean more to her today, for it is the memory of them that keeps j her facing life with a smile. For time j has dealt rather unkindly with Aunt 1 Susan. A few years ago she suffered a "stroke" and. paralyzed in one side. I she is' an invalid, confined to the ! chamber of the little home to which \ she went in ISSn. when she closed the ' old Missouri House. (To Be Continued Tomorrow.) Says People Not Represented. Rome, Sept. 11. ? Commenting on President Wilson's tour in behalf of the league of nations, the Tribuna declared today the man who had questioned former Premier Orlando's authority to voice the sentiments of | the Italian people had not been rep ! resenting the American people, be fore whom he was forced now to de ! fend the Versailles treaty. Romanian Premier Resigns. Paris, Sept. 11.?Premier Bratiano. of Rumania, has resigned, according to advices received by the Peace Con ference today. EDMONSTON'S ? Home of the Original FOOT FORM Boots and Oxfords for Men, Women and Children. Store OPEN, Every Day Indnded, Till 6 P. M. Wearing'Toot FormMBoots It is distressing, to say the least, to have a new pair of shoes present such an appearance as the one we illustrate to the left, after a few weeks' wear. Yet there are thousands of such cases that come under your notice almost daily. It is then necessary to call for a shoemaker's service to build a new heel if you care for appearances. Or it calls for the REMEDY you'll find in Instep Brace in "Foot Form" Boots. The steel brace is built into the shoe. It supports the arch properly?corrects flat-foot, and relieves all the strain on the foot muscles and ankles. STYLES FOR MEN AND WOMEN. Consult our professional shoe-fitters about the needs of your feet and they will recommend a sure remedy for your particular case. EDMONSTON & CO. (Incorporated) ANDREW BETZ, Manager 1 on i) C C*. Advisers and Authorities on l0?5** F Jl. All Foot Troubles. Men from the West Oppose Packer Legislation Since the middle of August business men, farmers and live stock men have been appearing before the Committee on Agriculture of the Senate and telling why they earnestly oppose the Kendrick and Kenyon bills. Here is what some of them told the committee the other day: P. W. Olson, Of CokaviOe, Wyoming, a stockman and rancher and reprearatiiif the Cokeville Commercial Club and the Lincoln County Wool Growers' Association. "Would Rather Take a Chance With?" "To License a Newspaper Is to Censor Its News." "Would Help to Ruin Lot of Men." "A Tremendous Detri ment." "Entwining Red Tape." "A Stepping Stone to Gov ernment Ownership." "I Did Not Kick. Money." I Made "We believe that these bills are opposed to the best interests of the stock business. Onr experience with government control of railroads has been very unsatisfactory. We have had to pay higher rates and hare received very poor service. We feel that the interests of the pack ers, stockmen and consumers are identical. We feel that we would rather take a chance with men who have grown up with the business, as the packers have, than with government appointees who have it all to learn. We believe that if there is anything wrong with the industry there are plenty of laws already on the statutes to protect us. "We feel that to take away the packers' cars, as is proposed in these bills, would simply be crippling the distributing system of our products, and the stockmen would be the first to suffer." Arthur C. Johnson, Of Denver, Colorado; editor of Denver Daily Record Stockman. "To license a newspaper is, to a more or less extent, to censor the matter it publishes. If it is proper to censor market news, it is also proper to censor other news. The entry of the government, therefore, into the field of news censoring may lead as well to the censoring of political news, and opens up a field for political influence and control subversive of every American principle." C. A. Rodgers, Of Denver; live stock and commission man. "I desire to comment on that portion of this bill relating to the public use of refrigerator cars. This would be one of the most serious blows imaginable to efficiency in the distribution of meats and meat products. The packers would sometimes be compelled to wait for the*e cars, their coolers filled to overflowing, while orders were lost that would otherwise be filled. This would result in ruinous piices to the producer?would help to ruin a lot of men and would most certainly discourage production." Frank J. Dennison, A banker of Denver. "Prior to the time that the large packers became interested in the stock yards in Denver the market was small and inconsequential. It has grown tremendously since their interests began. The yard service has greatly improved under their ownership. It is efficient and sati? factory. A change of ownership in the stock vards at Denver would be a TREMENDOUS DETRIMENT to the PRODUCER and CON SUMER." A. G. Prey, Representing the Denver Live Stock Exchange (and himself a cattle feeder and producer), Denver, Colorado. "To draw a comparison between government-regulated and PRI VATE OWNERSHIP SERVICE I quote you my experience as a member of a committee appointed last year to confer ?sith the stock yard man agement on our market for the purposes of obtaining additional weigh ing facilities in the Denver stock yards to accommodate heavy fall shipments. Also to confer with the U. S. Animal Industry representa tive for additional inspection for said scale. The results were that within a week we had the scale in operation, but did not get the in spectors until ninety days later, or after the rush season was entirely over. This illustrates the amount of entwining RED TAPE connected with government supervision of privately owned interests. WE NE\TR DID GET GOVERNMENT INSPECTION and we whittled along the whole year without it, until the season WAS OVER." J. E. Zahn, Of Denver, vice president of Colorado Manufacturers' Association. "Our association, after a study of the proposed legislation m the Kenyon bill and similar measures, desires to go on record as vigor ously opposing any plan of legislation that will cripple or impede the progress of one of the greatest industries of the country. "The vague and uncertain powers assumed by the government under licensing provisions contained in the kenyon and Kendrick bills, the association feels, will achieve only that end. "If the provisions of these bills become law it is but a stepping stone to government operation and government ownership of every basic industry in the country, committing us to paternalism and so cialism." J. H. Bachelor, Of Valentine, Nebraska; live stock producer. "FROM MY EXPERIENCE IN THE PAST 2f> MONTHS OF FEDERAL CONTROL OF RAILROADS. THE TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH SYSTEMS, I AM OPPOSED TO THE KENYON AND KENDRICK BILLS. I think the business men of the United States should have the freedom and the personal liberty to operate and run their own business. "1 want to say to you right now that the packers are not con trolling this industry. \X e have our outside buyers who come from the highways of the country into the markets to buy live stock. We have our speculators to buy them and distribute them, and we have our independent packers on tliese markets." W. B. Tagg, Of Omaha; former president of National Live Stock Exchange and representing Omaha Live Stock Exchange. "We have had considerable experience along the lines indicated by the Kenyon bill, and that is why we are opposed to it. "The minute you take the refrigerator cars away from the pack ers and put them in the hands of the Railroad Admin .tration you are going to hurt still more the marketing end, because the recordj show that the railroads do not handle cars as efficiently as the pack ers do." "My Experience With Railroads." E. T. Meyers, ? Alliance, Nebraska, feeder and cattle raiser. "From my own experience with railroads in the last year and a half I do not think I want any more of government control of private interest. "I will tell you an instance: Last fall I bought 12 carloads of stock feeders and was shipping them out on Thursday evening on a branch line. I found theie was no train running on that branch line until Monday. This was just six miles across from the main line of the Union Pacific, and I went to the agent and asked a special service; if they could furnish me an engine to run those cattle up to North Platte and then come right back up to within six miles of the main line. "The agent took it up with the superintendent and after hearing from the superintendent he said the government rules were such that they could not furnish an engine or less than 25 cars. The Union Pacific used to send me an engine for 8 or 10 cars. Then I said 'if they will let me upload the cattle at Ogallala I will wire my men to come there and drive them across.' Well, after doing that, he said: "No, we used to do that, but government regulations are in force and you have got to drive your fat cattle back to where you unload your stockers.' So the government hauled those cattle 110 miles for nothing and I lost 3 days' feed." Institute of American Meat Packers Munsey Building Washington, D. C.