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v. a. roRKca?t Today and tomoirow?Fair uni ?lightly warmer. Highest temperature yesterday, 70; low est. 58. THE WASHINGTON HERALD _The Net Circulation of This Newspaper Yesterday Was 40,746_ ALL THE NEWS ?I ? iemmi m Ttw Wi ?irifhtrjr and briefly inmute Dews pictures every day. NO. 4714 WASHINGTON, D. C. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1919. ONE CENT Four Shot Dead, Many Hurt in Steel Districts 1 -??????-??^??- .-,-.-.- *? Foes of the League of Nations Gain a Temporary Victory TEST VOTE ON TREATY ISJORCED Lodge's Motion to Postpone Action on the Fall Amend ments Carried by 43 to 40 on a Hurry-Up Roll Call in the Senate. 2 REPUBLICANS LINE UP WITH DEMOCRATS Opponents of the Pact Given A Big Surprise When Senator Jones of Wash ington Supports the Ad ministration Stand. The first roll call to test the strength of the opponents and supporters of the treaty was taken in the Senate yesterday and the treaty opponents had a margin of three votes The question was whether the Senate would follow the leader ship of Senator Lodge, represent ing the Republican majority, or >ic!d to the demands of the Dem ocratic minority led by Senator Hitchcock. By the vote of 43 to 40 the Senate decided it would ? follow Senator Lodge. Senator Jones, Republican, of Washington, voted to support Hitchcock, causing a big surprise in the Republican ranks. . Urlar Fall AmnlwilL A motion made b>? Senator L*od-e to postpone action on the Kail amendments designed to take the I l'nited States out of all participation in the execution of the treaty was adopted over Senator Hitchcock's protest that the amendments should be immediately voted upon. There are thirty-four separate amendments to the text of the treaty in the series proposed by Senator Fall. When the first of these amendments was reached in the reading of the treaty. Senator Fall asked that consideration be postponed until after all the amendments had been read. Sena tor Hitchcock refused to consent to this request and demanded that they should be voted upon not later than today. He was supported by Vice President Marshall, who ruled 1 CONTINUSD PS ???? TWO Pepper Says President Misrepresents Roosevelt George Wharton Pepper. vice president and chairman of the board of the League for the Preservation of American Independence, takes Is sue with President Wilson on Theo dore Roosevelt's attitude, were he alive, toward the present league of nations covenant. Mr. Pepper says: "It la bad to abuse the Urine;: it is worse to mis represent the dead. There is no room for doubt about Roosevelt's position. Three days before hla death he wrote an editorial on the vubjeet which appeared In the Kan sas City Star. In it the colonel made three things abnndantly clear. He Insisted that each nation reserve for Its own decision all non-justm able questions. This means that he would have opposed Article XV of the present covenant." v Harvard Admits 13-Year - Old. But He Is Normal Boy Cambridge, Maes.. Sept. 53? The roster of the freshman clan at Har vard contains the name of a 13-year old boy. Jacob Schankman. of Chelsea. Friends of this latest precocious col legian say that he is no bookworm, but fust an ordinary, healthy boy. He has no ambition to make e record, bat does intend to make the univer sity proud of Its youngest student He will begin his studies tomorrow,' ?hen the university formally opens. DECLARES ORGANIZER FORFEITS CITIZENSHIP While the Kenyon resolution was be ing debated In the Senate. Represent ative Cooper, of Youngstown. Ohio, wa? assailing William Z. Foster, lead er and organiser of the steel workers, fcln a speech to the House. At the same time, W. 8. Rubin, counsel for the steel men, was at the Capitol trying to arrange confer ences with Senators and House mem bers. Cooper charged that Poster has "disqualified himself from the name of an Arasele s ? citlaen deserv?a* the pro tection of the American Bas.** HEROIC PRELATE HONORED HERE AT RECEPTION Cardinal Mercier Is Honor Guest at Reception at Belgian Embassy. BLESSES THE SEMINARY 1 ids Cardinal Gibbons in Opening Ceremony at Catholic UniyOty Cardinal Mercier. Belgium's ven erable hero-chur?hm?n, and Cardi nal Gibbons were the principals one of the most notable receptions of the year in Washington yester day afternoon at the Belgian Lo cation IsOl ? street northwest. Between 400 and 500 persons. In cluding prominent government of ficials and diplomats and repr?sent? mes of every walk of life, welcomed and paid tribute to the visiting prelates. The reception lasted from 4 until 5 o clock. Yesterday morning, in the pr?s eme of Cardinal Merrier and one of the largest gatherings of the hier archy of the Catholic Church in the country. Cardinal Oibbons blessed the Sulpician Seminary at Catholic University. Brookland. D. C. - Large crowds had assembled at the entrance to the magnificent new structure 'ong before the time set for the blessing, 10:30 o'clock, and stood in the heavy rain to get a glimpse of Cardinal Mercier and ex tend a warm welcome to him. CONTTNCs? ON G??? TWO. 1?-CENT MILK IS AGREED UPON Retailers Fix Charge to Stand if Producers Don't Boost the Price. Seventeen cents a quart for milk, if producers adhere to last winter's prices instead of taking the recently threatened jump, will be charged the consumer the coming winter, it was agreed last night at a conference of distributors with Dr. William C. Fow ler, District health officer, at his of fice in the District Building. Clarence R. Wilson, chairman of the local fair price committee was present and Join ed in the discussion. The next ster. getting the producers of Maryland and Virginia to agree to a 40-cent wholesale- price per gallon, has already bfcen taken by Dr. Fow ler, who has arranged for a meeting wUh the executive committee of tl? Maryland-Virginia Milk Producers' Association tomorrow morning. Dr. Fowler is convinced that the Impending rise in producers' prices is not warranted In the extent it is con templated and he will do all in his 1 power to prevent drastic action In th\ direction by the producers, he declar ed. He will ask the committee why | the farmers should set a higher price for milk .this winter than was pre i valent last season. In the event that tomorrow's I conference fails of Its purpose. Dr. Fowler, at the suggestion of Chair man Wilson of the fair price com mittee. Intimated that a boycott by j local distributors of the producers ? might effect the desired result. Mr. I Wilson also suggested that viola ? tlons by distributors of the fair price determined upon be regarded as profiteering and published. GIANT AIRPLANES PLAN OF LONDON ENGINEERS London. Sept. 23.?Armstrong * Whitworth, Ltd, the great British engineering Arm. M submitting to the government a scheme for the immediate construction of giant commercial airships of a type that will be the last word In luxury and efficiency. The ships are to be entirely of ateel and equipped with saloons, dining rooms, smoking rooms and sleeping cabins. They will have a carrying earacity of seventy tons, with a gas capacity of 1,500.000 cubic feet, and a nonstop radius of ?,000 miles. TREMBLING, STARR VOWS INNOCENCE Former Policeman Arrives From Cincinnati 'With Detective, Denying Any Knowledge of the Killing Of Soda Fountain Clerk. DECLARES HE DOESNT KNOW FUGITIVE SYLVIA Asserts He Didn't Run Away With Girl and Asks His Deserted Wife to Hunt Bondsman for Him on Larceny Charge. Henry Arthur Starr, suspended policeman, and allegedly con fessed embezzler, was brought to Washington from Cincinnati by Headquarters Detective Cornwel! yesterday afternoon. The train bearing Cornwcll and his prisoner arrived at Union Sta tion shortly after 5 o'clock. Starr was sullen, but nervous and trembling, when he alighted from the train. The detective I summoned the patrol wagon of I the Tenth precinct and took his prisoner directly to the station house. Beteeefr? ? .??ita t. CMsf. Cornwel! immediately went to ?? ; lice headquarters to report that be ? had captured the man said to hav? ! confessed to the larceny of SSB from I Martin Schwartz, manager of .he I Liggett drug store. ?8 Seventh street ; northwest. September U. Starr was under 12,000 bond on the charge ?f murdering Leroy McLeod '. on July 7, but must put up at least ' Vi.flOO for another period of temporary liberty. District Attorney Leakey said last night. No one has yet approach | ed Laskey on the matter of ball, he ' said. A grilling at the station house last ? night failed to shake Starr in his ! statement that he was not in any way I implicated in the murder of Emmett I K. Wood, soda fountain clerk at the I Liggett store, northeast comer Four ! teenth and F streets. I One possible discrepancy in Starr's ' answers was a denial that he knew 1 Joseph Sylvia, sought as a suspect I in the Wood murder mystery, detec tives said. It is known that Sylvia. ; late on the day of the embezzlement. COSTINCED ON G??? TWO. $50,000 ASKED i IN WRECK DEATH - Wife of Wood-Coach Ex cursion Victim Files Damage Suit. An aftermath of the wreck of the Washington ezcursion train to At lantic City, near Blwood. N. J.. on August 24. was recorded In the District Supreme Court yesterday when Alice H. Wathen filed a suit for 150,000 damages against the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, the West Jersey and Seashore Rail way Company and Walker D. Hines, Director General of Railroads. Mrs. Wathen's husband. Odie, was the only person killed in the wreck. Mrs. Wathen charges that her husband's life was lost through negligence and that she, in conse quence, is left an unsupported widow with an unborn child. 50 Shots Fired at Mob In Buffalo; One Dead Buffalo, N. Y.. Sept 23.?An un identified man was killed, four oth ers wounded, one a babjf which was seriously injured, at 5:59 o'clock this afternoon when guards fired fifty shots Into a mob of 3,000, which attacked two men leaving the Lackav.-anna Company plant at Lackawanna, ?. Y. Seven men were arrested by city police, who risked their Uves by running In front of ?runs In attempt to disperse the mob. SCENES IN THE STEEL STRIKE DISTRICTS. Property is represented here, one of the mill? of the United States Steel Corporation in the Pittsburgh district, guarded by State constabu lary?"Cossacks." the strikers call them. GARY CALLED TO EXPLAIN STRIKE IN SENATE QUIZ Kenyon Resolution for In vestigation to Begin Thurs day Is Adopted. Elbert H. Gary, head of the United States Steel Corporation, and John Kitspatrick, chairman of the committee of striking steel work ers, are to be summoned before the Senate Committee on Education and Labor Thursday morning to give their reasons for the steel strike. The investigation was ordered by the Senate yesterday on a resolu tion offered by Senator K?*nyo; < t Iowa, who is chairman of the com mittee. Lisait? Fand, fer ?ais. Kenyon's resolution provide* that the Seaate Labor Committee shall begin an inquiry into the canses of the strike immediately and report whether Congress can or should take any remedial action. Kenyon announced the inquiry will negin as quickly as it is pos sible to get witnesses to Washing ton. He plans to call representa tives both cf the workers and the employers. The resolution encountered only the most perfunctory opposition. It limits the committee so that no money can be spent in making an elaborate in vestigation. Foreraaaer of Industrial War. The steel strike is the first skirmish in an industrial war in the United States, Senator Kenyon declared. ' "We must face this fact, and not bury our heads in the sand, like ostriches," he said. The Kenyon measure is a Senate resolution and does not require the concurrence of the House. Senator Kenyon said that it was not proposed to hold hearings any where except in Washington, the idea being to bring the employers and the representatives of the strikers to gether to find out what the difficulty is. KILLED BY 32-FOOT FALL FROM SCAFFOLD Losing control of a pneumatic drill, James Edward Keady. aged :0. 330J-O street northwest, fell thirty-two feet from a scaffold while at work on a cofferdam at the south end of the Aqueduct Bridge yesterday afternoon, causing in stant death. Keady was rushed to Emergency Hospital, but was pronounced dead. A certificate of accidental death was issued by the coroner. Attempt Sniride in Crowd. New York, Sept. 33.? A man who ?aid his name was Wolfgan Berc dall. 45 years old. tried to commit suicide last night at 135th street and Amsterdam avenue by slashing him self with a razor, attracting throngs as he ran, wielding It and bleeding profusely. lanari naia nse? The Washington Herald wishes its Jewish readers A Happy and Prosperous New Year Just kids of steel workers, playing in the street because there is no other place to play?steel trust playgrounds aren't bard to all of them. It's to these the men look for encouragement to hold out Victory for Steel Strikers Lies in Spirit of Children Pittsburg. Pa., Sept. 23.?Striking steel workers pit the ?pint and en durance of their children against the stubborn resistance of steel barons, backed by the armed force of the "Cossacks!" "It's the kids that will settle the strike one way or the other, like cs not," says John Dunn, an oldtime rolling mill boss of Schoen. one of Pittsburg'? mill suburbs. "If they can be fed, *he men will hold out; if they start cry in' for bread, it will be back to th< mills, union or no union." A? for the "Cossacks," the children teer at them as they clatter past? the mounted state constabulary. Tt is the strikers who '..ave given them the name of Cossacks. They are picked men. mounted on Jet black horses, and their presence is supposed to have a salutary effect on belligerent strikers. The troopers explain that their only orders are to vrotect property. The strike, thus far, is rather ex citing and enjoyable for the young etens. Many of them have never A. E. F. HEADQUARTERS IS ESTABLISHED HERE The War Department yesterday officially announced the authoriza I tion for the establishment of the headquarters of the A. E. F. In Washington with Geni Pershing In command. His staff will consist of twenty-five officers and eighty clerks. Gen. Pershing will exercise the same powers as he did in Prance with tbe exception that he will have no Jurisdiction over courts-martial. Communications between his head quarters and the War Department will be conducted through the Ad jutant General as usual, the an nouncement declared. , L?/ 1 eeen their fa?her* for mor? than a few hours at ? time and now family gathering and little picnic parties are common. They are almost all the children of forelpT?-bom parents?Poles. Hungarian.?. Croatian?. Slovaks. Bo hemians?hut amonR them all racial lines ate erased. They jro to school regularly, rpeak Emettali with all the modern siane trimmings, and are all resolved to cet away from the steel mills as sr.(?n as they can. Not one small boy was found who entertained the ambition to succeed hin father in the mills. "It's too dirty." said one. "You work all the time," said another. In fact, boys and sirls betw-??*n 1* and ;o are rarely seen in the steel colonies. Their parente ex plain that they escape as soon as they are old enouch. seeking: work in cities where they h h ve more time for themselves and where tho surroundings ate more attractive. MAJORITY OF PLANTS IN PITTSBURG SECTION GOING; 21,000 RETURN TO JOBS Union Secretary Asserts 327,100 of 350,000 Workers Are Out, With Tie-up Immi nent; Corporations Claim 60 Per Cent Are Loyal; Fifty Shots Fired in Battle Between Police and Mobs at Buffalo. Fami, Pa?Three kHed, three injured. Buffalo?One killed, four wounded Younjstown, Ohio.?Twelve injured. Pir?barx?Three injured. Sharoa, Pa.?Eleve? asea were Pituburg. Sept. 23.?One man was killed and three other? se I riously injured in a clash between State constabulary and striken at ; Farrell. near Sharon, this evening. A squad of twenty-five troopers, armed with rifles, charged a crowd of strikers, who pelted the troopers with stones and other missiles. Several shots were fired by the troopers and deputy sheriffs who participated in the battle which lasted for an hour. The crowd, when driven from the streets, continued the bombardment fron wta? dows and housetops. The man killed was John Bandsack, a striker. One of the injured was a woman. This is the third fatality in Farrell since the strike started yesterday morning. Three Are W?aiHl Three men were shot and seriously wounded in a battle between mount ed police and strikers In the hill district of Pittsburg tonight. The clash bagan with an attesa**, of Urs ' pence to disperse a crows ani ? raged for half aa hour. A dispatch from Ycungetown. Ohio, tonight told of serious rioting around the steel mills there late this afternoon. In which twelve per sons were injured. A summary of reports from the ' various sections Involved in Cie steel strike showed the Pittsburg district to be the least affected of all. The majority of mills in this territory were running today, some of them w,th increased forces. It was esti mated that 21.000 men had returned to work. Kills in other districts, however, ?er; badly crippled. Strikers PU Heyes m Rail Men. William Z. Foster, secretary of the steel workers" national committee, as serted 327.100 of Cie 360.000 men in the industry have quit and that 4 complete tie-up is imminent. The Iron and Steel Institute, represent ing the companies, took issue with this statement and put out reports showing that the independent plants are not seriously affected and that only about 40 per cent of the United States Steel Corporation's employ*-* '.lave quit, most of these being In the districts west of the Ohio River. Many of the men who quit yester day are said to hsve derided to re turn to work. The union leader? now pin their hopes of a complete tie-up on co operation of the railroad shifting crews. The trainmen were reported today to '.lave served notice on the steel mill officials that they1 ?wfl not handle cars from plant* em ployee nonunion men. MEXICANS LIKE U. S. AFTER THEY GO FREE The mystery over what the United States had done with the prisoner? of war it had taken when Federal troops went in.'o Juarez some months ago and chased out Villa was solved yesterday when it was learned that Gen. Dickman had sent them down : to the river and let them go free for the good of both countries. ' There were eight of these Mexicans. . who were nt first regarded as bandits lately, however, they proved they were Carransistas and were released. They went on, a few days ago. to i Chihuahua and from there telegraph 1 ed the War Department they had hau a mighty good time In the ? ni tea . States and would like to come back. Puzzle! Who Will Be Our Next President? A New Feature for Boy and Girl Readers Here's a new kind of arithmetic in which you add and subtract without using any figures and get amazing results. Sounds mysterious, doesn't it? Peter Piper's Presidential Puzzles Present a series of amusing and educational problems in presidential possibilities?the names of twelve men. six Demo crats and six Republicans?who are spoken of as having a chance to be the next occupant of the White House. DONT HISS THE FUN of surpriiini Dad with yo.r political knowledge. The first puixle appear? today on Page 4 ?I The Herald. REPORTS FROM THE STEEL DISTRICTS trie?* wrrr a* Seflewat ? airase ? r*n??Kaiiy wnrr pleat fiait? er raaaia* with filawl ferre. >?Srr ?r ?aia ??t awaaussal n> a* sa.awa. < IrirlllaS?Mum ?r I...I. amili? claw, a. Oaly ?we ?rerktas with fall terre. All pleat, at Yeees.tewe ?a Mraseerllle prartlt-all, timi Sm. Naa> err ?f ?G, ?a, rlalart I? a* eet la OSi?. ss.es?. ??^???|- All pi?at. ilint ??aSTale ? iJKkinu? ?teel < ????>???? plant ataajawV Da??r Birri <?????? alut t? Haas te als* t. Thr Mtaarln? la tbr territory ?r*?n? Pittatane wa? a* fel Hamratra*?All plani, astisi lac. Oaly I? arr rra( ef .arriera ??erfcrre il | altea ta haw ?trerk. Ptaiiaili I aal I lia? Steri aaal Wire staat rleere. ? ararsir ??? Theaasaaa pianta estrarle*;. Deeeraer-All pleat? rarnt laa with prartlr.ll. rail ferrea. ?rKeeasart?All alula epcr atlac. Sat aeaar entk abart teser?. ( lalnaa?I altf? State* M eel Slant vtrtaally StaaSa? SJaaraara?Five plant? eaaSSaa Deaera?Aaarrtraa ?trrl awe ? Irr plant aaSSSaVi Srwraatle?Cnrerair plant ea rratlas wltk rail ferre. S a,tri ras Skrrt aaa T?a Mate pleat ander partial eprratlea. Mara? Carararlr plant risata. I nrrrll?t crarair plant partial ?prratlea. ?th far frar af farther Faroe al Mal*- treesrra Saal ?prelal sward? larrraara. Tarrataa?All plant? renala?. Jehaeter? m ? ? amarla siasi rleeed. Larvala plant esrratia*; Three Soldiers Nabbed For "Pitching" Pennies While encased in thr jrame of "pitching pennit.?" on a roadway is th? Smithsonian Park. t:iree younr mrn clad in thr uniform of l'nel? Sun? arm}. Wayne Murdock. Charlea Puli and John C MeMer. were "piach. ! ?d" by Park \v,trhm?n P. H Staples. I The soldier? are employed in one of | the army building* near where they ? were arrealcd and were ?pendine their ! recreation hour pachine pennie* when | Staple* ?wooprd down upon them In the Police Court yesterday the? were charged with disorderly conduci. ? One of the ?oldirr? anked before plead I Ina to have the chars? of diBorderty j conduct denned. Judie AuVam ao ' orptrd their peraonal bond?. ?red Ma? Drop. Dead Joseph P. McConchie. aared s: livlrgc at East Fall* Church. Va. dropped dead from heart disease en the seoesd floor of the Palais Royal. Eleventh sed O ?tracts northwest, where he was employee. Pattava?, Pa., Mg? Die*. Pottsville, Pa., repi S ? I'uiwier Judire Oliver P. Bechtrl. for thirty years prendine Judae of th* Nchti> Ikill County Courta, d?d ,udd.nl? jcj?Of? day. aged 7? > ear?.