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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, February 02, 1920, Image 7

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Women's Organization to
Aid Health of Work
ing Girls.
Plans to Build "Health
Home'' in Downtown
A higher standard of health for
woman wage-earners of Washing
ton is the purpose of the Women's
* Evening Clinic, which is perfecting
plans for a "health horns" in iown
town Washington, where women
temporarily ill may be taken cpre
for a nominal fee under the direc
tion of physicians.
The clinic, composed entirely of
women, for six years has giuen aid
to women in need of medical atten
tion, yet unable to pay large feea
for such care.
/8ince its institution the clinic has
~xpande4 and the necessity for two
new departments has become ap
parent. These are the "health home
*nd the "health club."
The home wihf be used for the ex
press purpose of bringing 111 women
sack to health, while the club will
i>fffer weekly lectures by physicians
an prevention and cure of disease.
C??r?e la Home Parsing.
The clinic plans further to give
s course in home nursing. They
'lave seen the need for a course
n nursing, as many persons are
sometimes in need of a practical
nurse, but their ailments or pocket
>ooks make the services of a trained
aurse out of the question.
In making the plan public. Dr.
Minora C. Folkmar. superintendent,
stated that she did not wish the
organization to be classed as a char
itable one,
-It is purely co-operative.", she said
ast night, "and we hope to prove to
members of the clinic, to its pairon
saes and to merchants who 'lend'
heir money, that the price of per
sonal efficiency through improved
health cannot be estimated in dollars
ind cents."'
Five hundred members with annual
Sues of fi and 1,000 members with
luea of 15 annually. is the goal of the
-lab. In addition to this, the men
?nd women of Washington will be
sivsn an opportunity to help in the
rausa by subscription to the "rent
guarantee fund," to cover taxes and
'Merest on a suitable building, and
contributing to the "health insur
ance ? plan, more detailed announce
ment of which will be made later.
Has <4.000 in Treasury.
At present the clinic has $4.0f>0 in
Ita treasury. Membership in the or
ganisation may be obtained by apply
ng at the clinic. 730 Thirteenth street
Following the annual meeting of the
"linic at Rauscher's Tuesday, the fol
owinc were elected to the b6ard of
lirector* for two years: Mrs. Henry
'. F>V ;si?. Mrs. Seaton Perry. Mrs.
rj G. Sigger* Mrs. Richard
W*Ti?wright. Mrs. Charles Bou*hton
Wood and Mrs. S. V. B. Young, to
'U.-ceed themselves. Mrs. Cato Sells
?;id Mrs. J. Lynn Yaegle were elected
io fill vacancies.
Mr*. Samuel G. Blythe. Mrs. Julius
-ansbureh. Miss I. c. Weirs. Mrs.
harloe B. Drake. Mrs. I. W. I.lttell.
Urs. James H. Turner. Mrs. H. U
tust and Miss Blis* were elected for
i term of three years.
The following officers were elected
>y the board of directors: Mrs. Charles
?v hitman Wetmore, president; Mrs.
4. L?. Rust, first vice president; Mr*,
^harles B. Drake, second vice presi
dent; Mrs. Richard Wain wright, third
'?ce president; Mrs. C. C. Calhoun,
ourth vice president: Mrs. Julius
aanaburgh. secretary; Mrs. James H.
Turner, assistant secretary; Mrs. I.
?V. Littell. corresponding secretary;
Mrs. Samuel G. Blythe. treasurer; Mrs.
lenry W. Fitch, assistant treasurer,
ind Miss Bliss, second assistant treas
Dr. Elnora C. Folkmar was elected
luperintendent of the Clinic for an
>ther year. ?
The colonial government of the
Dutch East Indies proposes to build
1.000 miles of railways during the
next fifteen or twenty years.
Horses in Iceland are shod with
sheep's horn. In the Soudan a kind
of sock made from camel's skin is
Mar 17.
May 24.
Mar 31
Jaaa 14!
Jaaa 31.
Jaaa 38.
July 5.
July 13.
July 19.
July 36.
Aa*. 3.
A a*. 9.
A a*. 16.
Aatf. 33.
Au*. 30.
Say*. 6.
Sapt. 13.
Sapt. 30.
8a*. 37.
Oct. 4.
Oat. 11.
Oat. IS.
Oat. 35.
Not. 1.
Not. 8..
Nar. IS.
Not. 33.
Sot. 39..
>ea. 6.
, ?aa. 13
1 >aa> 30.
'?a. 37..
? 3.
Ma, 10.
*j 17
Wholesale Selling
Price of Beef in
Price* realized on Swift & Com.
pany's sale* of carcaaa beef on ship
ments sold oat for periods shown
below, as published in the news
papers, avenged as follows, showing
the tendency of tba market:
Per Cwt.
. 22.82
. 21.80
. 20.72
. 20.10
. 18.53
. 18.95
. 19.55
. 18.79
. 19.34
. 19.85
. 19.49
. 17.44
. 19.65
. 18.46
. 18.89
. 17.59
. 17.99
. 16.95
. 17.01
. 16.60
. 16.11
. 14.95
. 16.44
. 16.02
. 15.72
. 15.83
. 15.92
. 15.03
. 14.74
. 15.71
. 15.49
. 17.86
. 16.83
. 17.02
. 17.20
J?n- *4 W " i7?a
Jan. 31 |ra ^ *3* . $18.33
Swift & Company
U. S. A.
The Herald Bureau.
?. 8. Doniphan.
727 Kin* Street.
Alexandria. Va. Feb. 1.?By mu
tual agreement the drug: stores in
Alexandria are closed on Sunday,
except at certain hours.
One physician this morning re
ported to a representative of The
Herald that owing to his Inability to
And any of the drug sfbres open
early this morning he was com
pelled to let a patient suffer.
This physician suggested the va
rious stores alternate in serving the
public on Sunday.
Miss Mary Emma Middleton, of
Prince George Connty. Md.. 'and
Robert F. Featherstone, formerly of
Amelia County, Va.. now living in
Alexandria, were married yesterday
afternoon at the parsonage of St.
Mary's Catholic Church- The cere
mony was performed by Rev. L. F.
Kelly. After February 15 the cou
ple Will be at home at the residence
of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Thorpe, Brad
i dock. ' v
It is expected that a large num
ber of persons will attend the,mass
meeting tomorrow night In Odd
> Fellows' Hall, when a Citizens' As
sociation will be organized.
Divisional Secretary Roddo, Balti
more. has written a letter to Mrs.
J. D. Hellwege. of the Salvation
Army here, complimenting her on
the work done recently in caring
for a number of young women who
were taken in custody by the Unit
i ed State Public Health Service. She
saved the young women from going
'to Jail, pending an investigation of
?their cases by the health authori
Henry W. King. 34 years old. died
last night at his residence. 330
South Patrick street. He was a
machinist. His funeral will be held
.at 4 o'clock Tuesday afternoon from
his residence.
The funeral of Mrs. Emma A. Mor
ris. who died yesterday morning at
her residence. 308 South St. Asaph
street, will be held at 9 o'clock
Tuesday morning, from St. Mary's
; Catholic Church.
The second night of the bazaar of
the Chicago Club of Alexandria
I?dge of Elks, will open tomorrow
night. ?
Navy Yard
Stanley Condo and William H.
Clark are spending a ten-days' va
cation in West Virginia.
Charles Hunter, a vaudeville ac
tor. formerly an employe of the
yard, was killed in a fall in the
Garden Theater, at Philadelphia.
Pat Breen. of the seaman shop.
; is ill with influenza.
Bill Jaws, of the hauling shop,
underwent an operation for appen
j dicitis.
Howard Brett, of the erecting
| shop, has recovered from a week'.-*
Randy Horn, of the breech shop,
i has influenza.
Lorena Wood, accounting office,
i has recovered from recent illness,
i Gilbert Colarossi. of the optical
i shop, is visiting his mother, who Is
very ill at his home in Rochester.
Bill Sweeney, of the miscellane
ous shop, has returned home after
an absence of three months, due to
an Injury to his eye.
Roy Dobson. of the primer shop,
is ill with pneumonia.
Tom Pearson and Jim Carver, of
i the gun shop, are visiting friends in
| Cumberland, Md.
i Leo Shiffln. of the tube shop, is
I ill with flu.
"Sis" Grey and Bob Forte, of
! store No. 2. report some very good
. sport coasting on Clarge's Hill, in
| Benning.
j The Broadside Mount Shop team
-defeated the Tube Shop team two
i games out of three in the Navy
(Yard Bowling League last night.
Henry T. Ball of the broadside
mount shop north, is entertaining
his brother and family from the
j Philippine Islands, at his home on
' Maryland avenue northeast.
Lew Feld of the proof shop. Is
the proud father of a new baby
| boy. " ^ 1 I
I Miss Jean Casey of the ordnance
office is visiting her father and
brother in Martinsburg. W. Va.
Miss A. C. Haas of the ordnance
: office has resigned and returned to
her home in Buffalo. N. Y. '
Miss Helen Murphy of the store
office is ill at her home with, the
James Wills of the hauling shop
has moved to his new home in
Bill Graves of the hauling shop
, has resigned on account of ill
: health.
William Burns of the broadside
j mount shop has been transferred
i from the day shift to the 4 to 12
i shift.
j Peter Rockelli, of the seaman shop,
recently became the father of twin
J girls.
I Julio Soltano and Rudy Vogeler. of
the torpedo shop, got two ducks Mon
day on their shooting party.
Charles Burke, of the seaman shop.
Is ill at his home.
Earl Davids of the miscellaneous
shop, was severely injured while op
erating a screw machine.
Jack Herman, of the broadside shop.'
has returned after a week's Illness.
James Resei. of the gun store, is 111 j
with influenza.
Marvin Cube, of the outside shop, j
has been promoted from laborer to [
general helper.
Howard Hickman and Bob Gerder. of
the east shop have resigned to enlist'
in the navy.
Miss Eva Wren, of the drawing-rom,
is ill with influenza.
Henry T. Ball, of the bradslde mount
shop, and Earle Eckendorf. of the
drawing department, have received a
miniature gold football from the Rex
Athletic Association. They are mem
bers of the team which won the Dis
trict championship.
Bureau of Engraving
and Printing
John Bullough, superintendent of
section 9, has been absent for the
past week on accofcmt of illness.
Mrs. May Dimmick. of the stamp
perforating division, is very sick with
Miss Lena Kefauver. of the stamp
perforating division, has been absent
for the past few days on account of
the death of her father.
The sick list in section 9 includes
James Thomas. E. W. McRae, C. D.
McCarthy. E. J. Boyle. O. J. LeBeau,
A. E. Clark. W. J. Devine. J. A. Haw
kin*. W. Gf Van Horn. E. E. Helml^h.
D. E. Kulp, D. F. Dierdorf and L. B.
Stewart. / The wetting division sick
list includes: Miss Susie Swann, Mrs.
Gibbons, < Miss M. Hagerman, Mrs.
Hengens&ach, Miss Mary O'Connor,
Miss Mary Rick. Miss H. Shelton.
Miss Di Sowerbutts. George Bauer.
Frank Hauer. J. Connelly and A. Dale.
Frany Rey has been reinstated as
a plat* printer and assigned to sec
tion 1 3:30 shift.
MisJ Alice Brewer, Miss Mary Dorr.
MiSs hA&ry Dutton, Miss Mary Oliver
and Michael Sexton, of the stamp per
forating division, are ill.
i ' ?7
Remedying Speculative In
flation First Step Toward
Sound Future Policy.
The apeculatlve Impulse is still
strong many quarters. Recent
liquidation in Wall Street, some of
it drattle, has resulted* In placing
the stock market in a stronger
technical position. The bankers are
engaged now at the request of the
I Federal Reserve Board in cutting
down unproductive loans, or logins
of the so-called non-essential cl^ss.
The probability is that these efforts
will be successful and that the strain
upon credits will be materially re
lieved as a consequence of con
sistent pruning down of specula
tive commitments. A very interest
ing speculative account of large di
mensions will be exposed at the
spring settlement of March 1 In
the territory where the picturesque
speculation in land has been an im
portant factor causing credit strain.
In some aspects this has been the
most Interesting land craie that
the country has ever witnessed and
although it is not possible to ascer
tain the whole extent of the move
ment, tho9e familiar with the opera
tions believe that the total account
will show much the largest invest
ment of this character ever made.
Money* Credit and InvfMtmfnt.
Although the level of operations
on the New York Stock Exchange
has continued low call money has
| again tended toward high levels,
touching 20 per cent last week. /The
action of the Chicago conferex.te
of bankers on January 23. con
firmed the action already taken by
the New York Clearing House in
jfixing a low uniform rate of inter
jest upon out-of-town bank deposits.
This practically leaves to the Fed
eral Reserve Board the power it has
|desired in the making of actual rates
lot* discount. By refraining trom
competition for interior funds the
jcity banks 'of the country are do
ling what thej^ can in a negative
way to make tho rates named by
?the board "effective."
I As yet there has been but little
'genuine b^sis for judgment regard
jing the operation of the new rates
|On the basis first announced in New
jYork and other Eastern districts a
jweek ago. The new level or rates has
jbeen adopted practle.'-Hy througno'.t
?the country and constitutes a much
(more expensive basis for borrowing
than any thus far established,
i Heavy local demands for funds in
| the interior have made th.i "return
| flow" of money to New York and
!other centers usually expected at
jthis time of year far lighter than
[usual, while the "January liquida
Jtiortf" or reinvestment of fund* paid
lout in dividends and interest has
|been of unusually limited character
] The Federal Reserve Board evidently
has the support of the banking com
munity in its contraction Policy, while
the appointment of Secretary of Agri
culture to the Treasury portfolio la
likely to strengthen those who have
favored a strict control of rates of
[interest, Mr. Houston being regarded
;as a decided contractioniat. From all
, standpoints, it must be admitted that
prospects favor not only a continu
jance of high charges for money, but
'also a maintenance of those conditions
| which produce these rates.
j Prices of commodities are steadily
tending higher, while the effort to
(limit or reduce tho volume of bank
loans have thu^ far been unsuccessful
iThat still higher rates of rediscount
| may be resorted to at an early date
{should the present level not produce
| the desired result Is clearly ^ possi
bility. Thf? reflection of these high
{discount ra?e!< in lower capitalised
lvalues for securities an well as in
| the necessity of higher rate offerings
Ion new securities must be expected.
Courage and Knterprine Needed.
We have now reached the point in
the backward swing of economic con
ditions where courage and enterpiisc
,as well as conservatism are likely to
be needed. It will be impossible to
? give up the extension of legitimate
credit to European buyers, while on
(the othej? hand the furnishing of do
mestic industries and enterprises with
the capital needed in the regular and
? necessary expansion of their opora
jtions will be equally essential. Busi
ness reports from all parts of the
icountry bear witness to continued ac
jtivity in buying, and Lo every pro*
jpect for continuance 6f strong de
mand. A process of adjustment be
tween the older and the new credit
conditions is now going on and may
last for some time. It will lay the
foundation for stronger, more exten
; sive and better business. Recognition
of these facts should compel an ad
mission of the great industrial val
ues, present and prospective, under
lying many shares, and should pre
vent any undue development of pes
simism growing out of present condi
tions. Tho situation merely calls for
disposition and ability to look forward
over a period rather longer than is
usually required in stock exchange op
With the winter nearly over, the
markets wiil soon reflect the sort of
movements which often gain promi
nence at the beginning of spring. In
asmuch as this is a Presidential year,
the indications are that political un
certainties will loom large upon the
investment horizon until the nomi
nating conventions have been held
in June. Several candidates on both
sides have already announced tfieir!
willingness to abide four years in the
White House. At the moment it
seems as if tho labor issue would
figure largely in the campaign, al
though it is too early yet to tell Just
what the, real issues of the campaign
will be. A Presidential year, how
ever. from time immemorial has been
looked upon as a period of recurring
changes and unsettlement. Although
there are many questions to be set
tled, the outlook is fairly reassuring
provided the country realises its re
sponsibility as a provider for the
weaker nations.
It is a generally recognized
fact that first mortgages are the
safest investment in the world.
We would like to send you twr
new booklet telling of the many
tafeguafds we have placed around
OUR first mortgage six per cent
notes, which we believe make
security doubly secure and which
constitute -the chief reasons for
qur record of fifty years without
loss to an InyestOr.
Swartzell, Rheem
& Hensey Co.
727 IMk Street II.W.
^ - '
pr??*n,f <H?ctW?l?l in the Ar
jreruine Parliament retard to
RSf'1!* * substantial loan to the
"I"" '? to be of Interest to
'Jh?.. k<^*r* ln ttxi" country. Al
though the proposal ha< net taken Its
"a^L0?' It aeema to be the general
oplnlen that lome kind of a loan will
be floated, Argentine has a lively
merest In the prompt ahlpment of
the large surplus of grain, which
either exists at present or Is expected
rrom the cropa now being harvested.
The extent of these sbrplus supplies
can not be estimated definitely, but,
according to Broomhalt, they will cer
tainly exceed MO.OOO.OOO buahela and
">ay reach 480,000.000 bushels. .
The terms of the present proposed
loan provide that $200,009,000 In gold,
or Us equivalent, shall be loaned to
fcngland. Prance and Italy for a term
of two years with Interest at 814 per
cent per annum, payable quarterly.
The loan is to be made to the three
allies conjointly, who are to pay In
gold at Buenos Ayres at the end of
the two years.
Of the sum loaned, at least 75 per
cent is to be used for the purchase
or Argentine wheat and corn. Thd
Argentlne government will be author
flx mln'mum prices for the
191S-1919 and the 1919-1920 crops, which
are destined for exports. Under the
terms of the proposed loan ail prod
uce purchased shall be shipped before
February 20, 1921.
If Argentine can persuade the allies
to accept such terma, there would
s*em, t? be "O reason why, this loan
should not go through. Argentine
would assure the prompt sale of her
i surplus grains at a good price; she
|would be obtaining a nOxtd rate of
Interest on the money advanced with
tlie Interest payable quarterly, and
!the loan would be secured by the
I three allied governments. Of course
jthe terms may he distinctly modified
I before the loan Is actually floated.
J s ______
Inventory of United States re
sources In manufactures, mines,
quarries, oil and gas *clls. and for
Iestry and forest products, will begin
'March I. it was announced by the
jCensus Bureau yesterday. Twelve
hundred enumerators, in 589 dis
tricts, will take the census. More
(than 1.100 enumerators are wanted
at $6 a day and four dollars a day
.expenses when traveling.
j Headquarters in cach State were
.'announced us follows: For Arizona.
Irescott; Alabama. Birmingham;
Arkansas, tayetteville; California,
han Francisco; Colorado, South Da
Jkota and Wyoming. Denver; Dela
<^orrgil ?dC'Phia; Florld?- Tampa:
ildThf V. ,Va',r,ah "nd Atlanta;
!Ci" ^ninof ""1 L'Uh' -S*U La^
ioalrA "ro1"' - Chicago. Peoria
C,vIn , Terre Hhi"''
Wnvn., . erre Haute and Fort
Torek.' I- MOin":
^-iana. CwUCOr',es
ew Orleans: Maine
Cami,*?? a'"1 I!a,1K"-': Maryland!
Cambridge and Baltimore: Massa
chusetts, Boston; Michigan. Detroit
so?, M,""" an" l>tosk<?> ; Minne
sola Minneapolis and Duluth
isa. Cin"'"?!; A.ber|leM: Mlsourl. Kan-'
tana." Butte ^ ? ??-;
Ma?XkM;.r?mw; j?Z
H ^ Vordk ^
jton. Albany. Rome. Syracuse. Roch
"'rr a',d Buffalo; North Carolina,
not 5V A'hv?": North Dakota,
determined; Ohio. Cleveland
Dayton- ?'?r<snmuth Co
lumbus. lanton and Toledo- Okla
ZT Tn"sa *n" Oklahoma CUy
Oregon. Portland and San Franri.
Pennsylvania. Phllad.l^a r.","
burg. Allentown. Scran ton V?
ton Bradford. Oil CItv vU ^
Reading: Rhode Isfand Provid
outh Carolina c?i . ovlf|enpe;
nroiina, Columb.a: Tennessee
Te?.V'' nk??a"hV",e -^"inhis:
lexav. Dallas and Houston- Ver
aTdn,;,1UtLand: Vlr"fnia- Richmond
Sea.neSnnL0"' ?aP: W"?hlngton.
eT. Spokane through Sa? Fran.
Charl , Vir*'"'a. KidgWOOd
Charleston and Clarksburg Wis
eonsln. Milwaukee. Madison c j
Rapids and I* Crosse ' G"'"'
Revoke License for Taking
Excess Profits on Output
w&ir^tor^i,. ^"'Atates
of the ,*nUeJ?.f ,?f
ministration. announces ut
licenses granted tn c? . nat the |
ins <-ompany:esag??;hw ^111- |
branch at Richmond hsd *
revoked, effective ?t ? . Cfn
The wheat ai . January;
n or the food control act unj #u.
ther FoodKUAdmr',Jlnd rcqulr<,mPnts of
or llcei"? also was revoked.
Require Acton' Rea] Name*.
ter^thel^" ~En^iish actors must regis- '
au-ch^e' ".: name' ,n addition to i
the buslnL a' tt!<,y afl>ct under
a'ojrsr"aet' ?cco"b"? <?i
?^r ?7V^J"r>n* tb* ~Jd
reassuring to'the'" c?ndl,1??' '* ?>*
stimulus of the ??v Usua^ under the
made rood bv th?* I^duct,<"> may be
wm *N> the cue. "* h?^ '"haTThlf
to Ja'nuary""^ f?m Jun? "? uu
ss? iv-~.vr^2:
b *.hX n4xporu W. ?-??'wo
3J.000.00.) bu?heU low.^l * were
Wr,od ?f T?t year
Carry-over " nto""^, * con,lderab|e
but oth**- .? i ew crop year,
there will be no /0rm?d peopl* think
can find the ? carry-over If Europe
purchases ? would"' like ^'"p ""
k,&j none
?ible low to the Tpi? C?Ver th< po"
wheat Kuarann .m t1' un,ler th?
best BradZ o^K 'ii be r<-<lul>'*d: The
commanding a n?,""*" ?!"" ?*?
guaranteed price a^ ilin " T. thF
nearly ? ??, Minneapolis, of
co^r",.rjrBot '0r' Whrat ,n "'her
good crop has l>oen*^?ta"y froo<l A
Kentina. but the Aiu?*,He"ted Ar"
been cut by drauirhi ?if^l!an crop ^
bo little to ?p?? , ' *hat th*re wi"
land, contrary t export '? Enc
; the increased area "in"*' f'redictfon?
I the menace of i h^ K *">"1, due to
'p~Ct?rpufl?V?n,E*r,ne- ha" bfen
i continent, larger cro ' Kr""V ?n th
for than during the ^ f"" 'ook?"1
! doubtful If a fun n? ar" ,bu< " '?
talned. Th. Ho E? "" yleld '? <*>
Icared for and 'Lu ?0t ''c"n Well
jplement* are short. In"lm?',, and
f?n extensive region Poland
?n ????.? KurZT,ll"Un',';IV b"
:KffS.'Sur5i. - ?"=
transportation fled Ue. T"adc"u'l,?
?- draw,nR tow^d .he cl^Tr,^
ufned Pr'C" are-"ot Mke,y to b!
n?uhr: zn^vi>i:
| , e*?t in northern Rusp a ?n .
wheat and other grains In ?tw
j "on? which can be ^olght ojf ,",T
CnfoTth-'nTS^11* unw""ng to
i.r l 'T,th pa'wr money Of the coun
'oeVin , ?"k rt *":h ,he|r products ex
want. than*f for th* products they
,. Th* r?? c^p of 191} was one of
ralicdTn thi y'''d and qu*"<5; ever
? b^r ^f L country, and the num
|ber of hogs on the farms I, larce
iducH Theat^r;'supply of p?rk pr?:
'n? ?,il al of both cat
IMS we J-mUJ? PUblic y?rd? in
slightly below those of 191S."
]? ? *
The figures for the whole country
? show that building operations during
the last quarter of 1919 were actually
in excess of the total for the entire
twelve months of 191$. No letup is yet
in sight, ait the country is heavily
short of housing accommodations,
j while the demand for factory and of
fice spare in various cities is largely
in excess of supply.
Notwithstanding high record prices
fer building material, the indications
are that the spring movement this
year vrttl break all records in the his
tory of the country owing to expected
industrial activity, the natural increase
of population ^nd the troublesome
shortage of such facilities growing o<it
of the re?*trlctions iiujiosed during the
war period. The oiftlook for this in
dustry is Very Interesting, and If it is
possible for builders t?f obtain a suffi
cient suppiv of structural steel and i
other steel products, the indications!
'favor an immense increase of large
project operations.
A suggestive development in this di
rection has been the action by indus
I trial managers to start huge develop
ment schemes looking towards the
I erection of whole cities or'towns under
one directing head. In this way f?.0W>
[or more dwellings have been built in
[single orders in sections of the country
! where housing accommodations' for in
dustrial workers were wholly inade
1 '
The Supreme Court is expected to
hand down a decision on the taxation |
of stock dividends today. The expecta
tion is due only to the fact that-the
time is approaching when the citisens
must make up their income reports
and they ought to know how to treat
their stock dividends.
To enable one-armed persons to
eat eggs, an Englishman has invent
ed a wooden cup with rubber feet
that keep it from slipping.
The number of American seamen J
has increased from a little more
than 24,000 in 1916 to approximately!
Wnnhlnfcton. D. C.,
February 1, 1020.
This company is without funds to pay the Interest due
February 1, 1920. on the above bonds, amounting to $l,750.0ou.
Its earnings for the year ended December 31, 1519, have been
insufficient to meet actual costs of operating: and maintaining
its property, leaving less than .notning to pay interest on
bonds or dividends on stock. ?
On January 6. 1920, an application was filed with the
Public Utilities Commission ou tree District of Columbia by
the Washington-Jlaiiway and Eiedtric Company on its own
behalf and on behalf of Its subsidiary railway companies,
including this company, to charge a straight seven-cent fare
and two cents for transfers. It Is hoped that the Commission
will act promptly upon the above application so that means
may Fe provided the company for obtaining necessary funds
t6 pay the interest above referred to.
^ frcaWKr.
? ?
Almost 1,000,000 (tom tooa at ?Ual
steamers, Independent of thoae being
built for -the Shipping Board. are now
under construction in U? shipyards
of the United States. The belief of
American industry In the future of
the Amerioan merchant marine, if op
erated on business principles trm of
government control, is reflected in
this volume of ordsrs, all for private
?The tonnage actually building to
the order of private enterprise today
is almost equal In volume to the en
tire aea-golng -shipping of the coun
try at the outbreak of the great -war.
and if Is seven times as great as the
ship construction of all types under/
way In this country at the beginning
of hostilities. . " ....
"For months past shipbuilding to
government order has been steadily
dwindling and these months have been
crucial ones for the American ship
yards. With the chaotic condition of
foreign exchange, rendering It prac
tically impossible to secure orders
from foreign sources, American
yards have faced the necessity of ob
taining contracts from private enter
prise at home or erasing to operate
as Shipping Board orders were com
pleted. cancelled or suspended And
the seriousness of the situation was
accentuated by the fact that the gov
ernment had upon its hands millions
of tons of oempleted vessels for
which It was seeking purchasers on
easy terms?an additional element of
Competition for the shipyards to face.
"Under these circumstances It Is in
teresting to note that the private
construction of steel steamers now
under way Is practically equal to the
full decrease in the work of .1 similar
tvpe for the Shipping Board. In other
words, the yards so far have been
able to replace with private orders
tne shrinkage ciused by the oomple
tion of irovernment steel contract*
and if this can be kept up the future
of American shipbuilding on its pres
ent basis is assured."
The country's supply of anthra
cite is produced by two general
groups of operators. <>n? group Is
that of the so-callcd "railroad coal
companies." relatively few In ??"?
ber. producing from seventy to
eighty per cent of the total
affiliated to some extent with th
principal railroads which serve the
anthracite field: owning, as a class,
vast reserves of coal land, mining
only a part of their lands and min
\ng a relatively nmall part of their
coal on a royalty basis from coal
lands not owned by them, and con
trolling. in a large measure, the
marketing of their coal to the re
tailer. and sometimes even to the
ultimate consumer. The other group
Is that of the so-called "Independ
ent" operatora They number about
ten times as many operators as
there are "railroad coal companies,
and produce from ? to 30 per cent of
the total output; own. as a class, out
little coal land, and mine most 01
th^ir product on the basis of roy
ally payments; operate usually on
a relatively small scale, and sell
most cf their product to whole
salers. . .
federal Trade rtstwlMlss.
In the report Just published are
set forth In detail the circum
stances which led to the allow
ance to the .pera
tors of a differential of aeventy
flve cents per ton on certain sixes,
over the prices allowed to' the
"railroad ccal companies." There
is also set forth in detail infor
mation concerning th* royalties
paid by the operators. Summarised,
this ini'f rmation shows that sixty
five "independent" operators who
produced about H.000.000 tons in
1918 paid an average of forty-four
c-?nts p< r ton in royalties for coal
taken from lands owned by others,
and showed depletion charges av
eraging thirty-five cents per ton
for such coal as was mined from
their own lands, while nine "rail
road coal companies." who pro
duced about 45,000.O00 tons in 1S1*.
paid an average of twenty cents
per ton on royalties, and showed
depletion charges averaging seven
teen cents per ton.
The reasons for the differences
in price regulation policy concern
ing sixes of anthracite adapted to
domestic use. and those used for
industrial purposes (steam aizes)
are discussed in full in this report,
and it is shown how the falling
off of the Industrial demand for
steam sixes, following the armis
tice. made it necessary to place
the entire burden of the increased
cost, due to the wage increase
which went into effect November 1.
1918. upon the prices of domestic
The general conclusion to be
drawn from the facts and figures
in the report are that the in
creases in price of anthracite coal
since 1916 have, on the whole, been
closely proportional to the in
creases In costs of production, of
which the increase in the labor
cost about ninety per cent?has
been the most siKniflcant.
* _____ ?
White agitation for shorter hour*
and more par continue* In the indus
trial field, a atate of dteaaUafkction
exlct* amoni the farmer* over the de
cline which baa taken place ainoe laat
summer In aome of their product*.
Report* are almost unanlmou* in their
?bowing of dlaaatiafactlon amont hoc
ralaer* and a disposition to sell brood
?owe and definitely decrease breed In*
for a spring crop. The loaaea to feed
era of both hoc* and cattle during the
paat at* month* have been very se
vere, and the feeding Industry I* lo
in* through a period of dlecourase
The grievance of the farmer* I* that
the price* of what they have to" buy
do not go down with the pricee of
what they have to sell, and this com
plaint Is commended to the attention
of all who think that the pricee or
manufactured good* can be maintain
ed after the price* of farm product*
have generally declined. The purchas
ing power of the fanning population
I* in the price* of farm products, and
as they decline they will pull down
the whole wage ecale and price level.
Labor leader* may aay that present
wage* will never be reduced, popular
opinion may theoretically approve
and employer* may asaent. but if the
purchasing power of the great inter
ior districts of this country declines,
those districts wUl buy fewer goods
unless those goods cpme down cor
respondingly. The prosperity of the
farming district has been a very large
factor In the demand for labor In the
manufacturing cities. So long a* em
ployers are able to add wage Increases
to the prices of their products they
will grant the latter, but employment
and w%sfB depend at last upon the
purchasing power of the consuming
public. The entire price and wage
situation might change rapidly.
? ??
During the twelve-month period |
ending July, 1919. 6.765.936 hales of cot
ton and 457.901 bale* of liners. a to
tal of 6.123,827 bales, were consumed.
This was the smallest amount re
ported for any year since 1915. and i
compared with the total of 1
bale* in 191S. a reduction of nearly j
1.500.000 bales, abotit 700,(J(JU of which
are accounted for by the reduced !
consumption of linters. due to the j
cessation of hostilities in Rurope. Of 1
4he cotton consumed during the year.
51,185 bales were Sea Island. 136.087
Egyptian, 23.808 Chinese. 9.128 Peru- |
vian and 7.098 other foreign.
In the quantity of cotton consumed. J
Massachusetts l^d all other States ,
with 1.24.M5 bales; North Carolina;
vith 1/H>.717 bales beinr second;!
South Carolina with 7*4 794 bales,
third, and Georgia with 702.676 bales,
fourth. Massachusetts with 11.630.357
was first in the number of cotton
spindles, being followed ly South
Carolina with 4.966.76-; North Carolina'
with 4.79.322; Rhode Island with 2. |
678,180. and Georgia with &518.QG8. The
installation of new spindles In the ,
cotton-growing states continues to
show increase, the total spindles for
this section in 1919 being 14.9*6.311 com
pared with 13.000.444 for 1914.
The estimated production of cotton
seed from the crop of 1918 was 6.3G0.
000 tons. Of this quantity. 4.47K50S
I tons were used in the manufacture of
| cotton seed products. The production
! of crude products during the season
was as follows: oil. 176.711,00ft gallons,
valued at $227,316,000: cake and meal.
2.170.000 tons, valued at fll?.119.UOO;
1 hulls. 1.137.000 tons, valued at fl7.917,
000; and linters valued at 122.22*.0n0: a
total value of This is a
remarkable illustration of the utilica
tlon of what was formerly considered
a waste and in many instances a nui
sance I>uring the twelve-month pe
riod there were 23.*27.971 gallons of
cottonseed oil and tons of cake
and meal exported. These quantities
compare .vith exports of 42.44S.870 gal
lons of oil and 739.522 tons of cake
and meal for the season of 1914-15.
Business conditions are reported
to be very, good throughout the
Union of South Africa, with agricul
ture flourishing and the factories
running at full time. According to
a late census there are now about
6.000 factories in the union with an
annual output of goods worth about
Uhod^sia has about 5.000 acres
under tobacco. the largest acreage
in the history of the country, and a
record crop is expected, estimated
at between 1.500.000 and 1.600.000
The future demand for agricul
tural machinery is expected to be
heavy. In view of the much wider
cultivation throughout the coun
try. There is considerable activity
in the building trade and much con- ,
struction Is going on in spite of the I
high cost of materials.
The government of the union pro
poses to use Iti own vessels to im
port wheat and to grant reduced
railway charges for flour from
South African produce which is up1
to standard quality.
One of the Chief Factor*
Toward Re-establishing
?- Normal Conditions.
There are certain economic prin
ciple* by which men u4 nations
live and prosper. and never before,
at leant In llrtnf memory, wee th+n
euch a need to brine back a full
recognition of these principles The
fabric of trade and industry wns a*
far torn by the war that nearly e'l
the world In now tn want, ezeept
ourselves The part the United
States is called upon to play is
post-war reconstruction In more
clear today than evCr before, .yet
owing to our fallnre to adhere
clonely to thoee economic principles
by which men and nations prosper,
there are certain present checks up
on our ability to play that part.
Thene are: Diminished production,
dec re need thrift, (trained credit.
Production In the United fltatea
as well as elnewhere. is below whet
is necennary to supply the needs
and comforts end promote the proe
perity of civilised peoples In Bn
1 rope the devastation and prostra
tion doe to the war was partly re
sponsible. Here the reduced hours
of labor that have followed the
Ions series of etrikea combined
with n notably leeeened effort to
work, are responsible. With the
needs of reconstruction so real and
pressing, the proposition has be
come inescapable that the attltodi
so generally prevailing toward
work and production must undergo
a sharp change in the present year
unless disorganization is to loom
Apparently prosperous, because of
the delusion of high wages and
high prices, the business of the Uni
ted States is being conducted In a
fashion that cannat possibly con
tinue for any considerable length
of time. Lasting prosperity "on ?
sists not of producing less thi iv
consumed, as we are now dtln, . f
consists of producing more th ^
| Mast Remedy War I af la tie * /
It may be that the remedy
? J**m\
lour present condition is not s- , t."
away, for there are aign* tta
root of the evil of curtailed W
? and neglected efTort are not so
j as had been feared, and thaf
[evil is In the wa/ of being cor
i ed. American lab-y. upon
iwlth American capita'., our ft t j
industrial expansion and pro*. . *
1 must depend.- is manifesting tur
I it is not ihe heart of tne averajj..
i workman that is responsible for all
that we see and have been seeing
since the armistice. Mit that it I*
the collective mind of labor, tempo
rarily turned by the "ecstasy of
'groat profits" that came out of the'
1 war. that has been distorted by nil
that has gone on 6ince. %
,4 Harmful Propaganda.
Workmen, after all, are human.
iand during the war many heads
| were turned by the praise and ex- 1
icessive wages lavished in order to
[secure "peak" production. Folio*- >
j ing the war came the propaganda
I of the Fosters. Fitzpstricks. Berk- I
\ mahs and Uoldman^, all designed
{/to aggravate minds, blind visions.
, and arouse a claas consciousness
| throughout the country that would
? have been Impossible in normal cir
' cumstancee.
While we cannot believe that the
j roots of our industrial unrest ar
J so deep that intelligent discussion,
'good-will and fair judgment will
j not remove them, we know no*.
?better than we knew at any time
before, that these roots had been
: given such a hold in parts of the
> United States that Socialistic anH
f Communistic scheme* were enabled
j effectively to bear upon Industry in
j defiance of the recognized laws and
morals of business We know,
'.moreover, that designing leader*.
playing upon sophistries ?and. un
i fortunately, not offset by intelligent
?efforts to counteract them) were
table too long to make their echevne*
! progress through the medium not
[only of individual minds. but
j through the labor unions, and even
; through taking advantage of Con
? press and the State legislatures
From the time when the Adamson
law was passed, m 191(. under a
: threat of tying up all the railroads I
j of the country, we have had one
sign after another of the way in
fwhich affairs were developing Th* I
open warnings given Congress re
' garding the framing of certain la
j bor legislation, the break-up of th<
; industrial conference at Washing
i ton. and the steel and coal strikes
; of the early part of the present 1
I winter, have been only a recent fen
of a series of such signs. _ _ _ _
It is a noteworthy fact that "
shipments of batter are being
received at New York ffom
Denmark. The premium on ex
change is a factor in this move
A Limited Amount of the 7% Cumulative Preferred Stock of the
Wardman Park Hotel, Inc.
(lBcort?oratrd Under the Laws of the State tf Ytrsrlaln)
I* Offered to the Public at Par, $100 Per Share
AntkorU?4 Capital UnmI M.M.
*6,000,000 Plrr,rTTr*
I t s fl.730,000 ( omnoa
Cumulative dividends of 7%, payable semi-annually, on the first day of January
and July of each year.
Redeemabte at the option of the corporation in whole or in part at (105 per shars
and accrued dividends.
THE WARDMAN PARK HOTEL is the newest and largest hotel in Washing,
ton,'probably the largest south of New York. It is impossible, however, to supply
the demand for its accommodations.
Only one-half of the authorized preferred stock has been issued and only a lim
ited amount is offered. /
Controlled by the WARDMAN ORGANIZATION, which bears an unques
tioned record of ao years of success without loss to any who have invested in its
Harry Wardman, President Harry Wardnann C. Jitknead Fnllev
Thoft. P. Bone*. Vice President Jnmea D. Hobtor Edward L. Stack
James D. Hobba, 2nd Vleo Proa, and Tress. Tb??. P. Bones M. Elmer Dyer
Habbert R. Qnlater, Secretary Hnbbert R. Qsinter (Resident Mnnarrr)
Subscriptions Received at the Office of
Warimai Building, 1430 K Street N. W. Washiagtoa, D. C.
Tkc Icsal detail* ?< tfcla laaae have km
Uaairl Thaw ?riitl. af WaaUutaa, D. C.

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