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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, February 10, 1920, Image 1

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? THE WEATHER
Today?Rain and sii?htly wanner. To
morrow?Cloudy. Detailed weather re
port will be found oa editorial paje.
THE
'IN THE LIMELIGHT"
By GEORGE PERRY MORRIS.
Appear? ?very day ?a the editorial
NO. 4852
WASHINGTON. D. C? TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 10, 1920.
ONE CENT
WHY FOREIGN !
EXCHANGE HAS
DEPRECIATED
* !
Sharp Falling Off in For
eign Money Values
Explained. v ?
OUTPUT IS DIMINISHED
Direct Cause of the Present
Situation Governed by
Productive Power.
?y wilui j. ABBOT.
The problems presented by Interna
tional exchange are many, and in sume
instance? Intricate and puxxling t?
the mind untrained In finance. But
those Involved in the present state of
exchance between the United. State?
and Great Britain and France, for
example, are simple enough.
While the swift tall In the rate of
exchange has demoralised Internation
al trade, unsettled prices on the stock
exchange and caused scare heads, and
<ometlm.es alarmist editorials in the
neospapers. it Is but a perfectly natu
ral consequence of conditions obtain
ing abroad. It could not have been
?verted, and cannot now be cor
-ected by artificial or radical ra??
.hods.
Moreover, its ultimate results will
Se beneficial not' only to the United
Statis. but to the Kuropean countries
that, for the moment, appear to be
sufferers.
Perhaps the operation of interna
tional exchange may best be made
? leur by a simple, although Imagin
ary, illustration.
Let us suppose that Virginia and the
District of Columbia had from time
inmemorial maintained distinct cur
rency system?, but that at all normal
imes the Southern coin, which we
may call an Alexandrine, had been
worth Just five times the District dol
lar.? Moreover, for the purpose of il
lustration, we shall conceive of Vir
ginia as an exclusively agricultural
community and the District of Co
lumbia as a manufacturing center.
For clothing, shoes, agricultural
nachinery and all manufactured'1
.ooda the people of Virginia had
..ee.i in the habit of going to the
M-triol markeis. The people of
Washington in turn nought food and
?aw nateri&ls from their Southern
leighbjr?.
Upo? the District feil a ?Teat I
?alamity?a pestilence, earthquake;
ind ?re or a savage ?rar. For ive
ears Its peuple co?ta manufacture |
lot even enough for their own
leeda. All the time they had to \
?at and use manufactured commodi
t?s, and to have the raw materials
? maintain what factories they
.'?pt in. operation. These supplies
hey bought or their neighbor. For
I few months, or until the stock
if manufactured goods they had
?? cumulated was exhausted, they j
?aid in goods which the people of
. irginia wanted. All trade between
.allons is at bottom a matter of ?
>.u ter. l'ut ultimately this sup- I
>ly ran out. Then for a time the
"listrlct folks paid in gold?the only
nternational currency?of which
hey. like all prudent peoples, had
? reserve stock laid away. Finally1
hey resorted to borrowing, fur in ?
?essi way or other they had to have.j
he foods which Virginia had for]
The Virginia people were ready,
?n.uigh t?? lend. They had enor- j
nous surplus of their products on
land. They believed in the ulti- ?
nate solvency of their old-time'
?ustomcrs. so. with the aid of their
rovernmep'. they opened huge creii- ,
ts with the District and for four!
ir five years supplied the people
vith all they needed, being paid
? bonds.
The immediate fury of the ratas
rophe which had overwhelmed the
"?istrirt passed. It became time for
ts people to turn again to indus
l ry nnd (o recoup their fortunes.
The interest on their debts 'was
iressing and they had no gold with
?hich to nay it. Only by the re
newed production of commodities
?hich Virginia needed could they
lischarge their obligations. And the
.'irginia people, no longer feeling it
heir duty to sustain fellow beings
? the midst of great calamity, de
?lined to lend further, but sug
resied rather tha* their debtors be
rtn the process of liquidation.
Unfortunately the disaster had
?rippled the resources of the Dls
riet, and more than that Its peopfp
lad lost the habit of industry. Many ?
tad been employed in public service
it high wages, and were loath to .
?eturn to more difficult private em
?loyment. Others had subsisted on 1
lublic benefactions and now refused
o work at all. All waees and profits |
luring the continuance of the
lestllence. or war. had been ef
?eedlngly high for those who shared
? them, and the effort to brinn
hem back to normal caused unrest
? the labor market, and unsettled
?usin?es conditions. The Psycholog
en! temper of the people was all
igainst a speedy recurrence of the
ndostrial conditions of four years
?arller.
But they bad to have food, they
? ad ?o have new raw materials for
:uch factories as aere ready for
vork. and they had to have the '
neans to pay their heavy interest j
harges to Virginia. What were they |
0 pay in?
Virginia did not want the actual '
toilers coined in the District They
could not circulate on that siue o, i
he Potomac, and could not be used j
<y the Virginian* In buying thing.?
rom the Carolinas and other neigh- '
wring foreign States. When ?in
itiions were normal a Virginian
vas perfectly willing to take aN'
1 raft o? a District bank for $;oo
? exchange for produce which he I
?ad sold for 10? Alexandrines be
ause he knew that with that draft !
?? could buy tSOO worth of District
.reduce needed in his own rom?
nuntty. But Industrial conditions
ver*/ loch that the District no
onger produced enough commodi
t?s to exchange on an even par for
'hoee it absolutely had to import,
lo In their eagerness to get Vlr
rlnia goods and Viglnia credits the
?istrict importe,. k,nt bidding
ilgher and bighe while the Ylr
conTurrjcD on pack
;
POPE CONFERS ORDER
ON ADMIRAL BENSON
ADMIRAI. WILLIAM C. BENSO*
Who has been awarded the Order of
Saint Giegory by the Pope, in recog
nition of his services during the
World War. A special messenger'de
livered the decoration to Cardinal
Gibbons Sunday. The order will be
conferred in Washington, but detailed
arrangements for the ceremony have
not yet been made. ?
The order is bestowed for Inly the
most distinguished services. There
are only two living Americans who
have received the order, it was stated
last night bv Monseigneur Thomas of
Saint Patrick's.
GILLOTT HEADS
"BLACKLIST"
OF LABOR
Gompers Issues Statement
Attacking Speaker for
Utterances.
Speaker Frederick H. Gillett is
placed at the head of the "political
blacklist" now being compiled by the
American Federation of I-auor. as the
result of a speech delivered Sunday
at ftpringtield. Maas* *? tMe speech
; Speaker Gillett is reported to have
said:
* It is a question whether the com
binations of the employed are not
more threatening* to our business Ufe
than those of the employers." The
Speaker added that in organizad la
bor Congress was confronted with a
problem similar to that of years ago.
"when Congress was forced to light
the trusts."
Mr. Gillett* speech evoked a vcrl
1 table hurricane of disapproval from
leaders of the Federation of I^abor
here yesterday.
Mrttrment By l.nniprr?.
Samuel Gompers lait night issued
the following reply to Speaker Gil
lett's arraignment or organized labor:
"Mr. Gillett said that the Congress
made a tight upon the trusts. That
kind of a "fight seems to the people
of the 1'nited States to be more of a
burlesque. Ask any citizen of our
country, ask any housewife what they
feel as the result of the 'fight on the
trusts,' And the answer will be read
ily forthcoming. Congress has utterly
CONTINI'KD ON PaGI T?ll El.
court is told
senator?
of cash spent
? ? ??' y ?
Telegram from Newberry
Manager Read in Trial
As Evidence.
WAS ABOUT ELECTION
Stated "Overhead Expen
ses" to Continue "Until
Primary."
Grand Rapid?, Mich.. Feb. ?,-Th?
government today established that
Truman H. Newberry was kept la
touch with the expenditure detaalls
In connection with his campaign la
191S for a ?eat In the United Btate?'
Senate.
The proof. In the form of a teletram
copy, waa given to the jury which is
trying the Senator and 13 co-defend
ants, all charged with conspiring to
violate the Federai and State laws,
which limit the campaign expendi
tures of a Senatorial aspirant.
The telegram was sent by Fred P
Smlth. manager of the Newberry es
tate in Detroit and a defendant In this
case. It was addresed to "Lieut. Corn
Truman H. Newberry. Third Naval
district. ? Broadway, New York."
It read:
Telegram's < attenta.
"Misinformed you this morning the
date of close of regular expenses.
Should have said August t7. Circular
work, advertising, clerical help, post
age and all regular overhead expenses
will naturally continue until primary.
Have written."
In getting this message Into the
court record. Special Assistant Attor
ney General Frank C Dailey has
forged the strongest link thus far In
proving a conspiracy. Up to the pres
ent Senator Newberry has contended
that he. personally, had nothing to do
with the money paid out in his behalf
during the battle.
The copy of the telegram, a? ?ent
from Detroit, was seised by govern
ment agents. Its entrance Into the
evidence was viven special weight
through the testimony after Miss
Rleanor Kilfoy. Detroit steno
grapher, who. on the witness stand.
Identified the message as one she
had taken at the dictation of Mr.
Smith.
Ohjeeta to KvMeaee.
, "Mr. Smith dictated telegrama to
Mr. NewberVy practically every eve
ning for several months." the wlt
nes* swore.
Martin W. Littleton, leading coun
sel for the defense, made a strenu
ous effort to withhold from the trial
record the wording of the te'e'-tfm.
But Judge Sessions admitted it.
BARUCH FAVORS FREE
HAND FOR DELEGATES
Bernard M. Baruch yeaterday urged
the sending of unlnatructed delegates
to the Democratic convention at San
Francisco and at the same time de
clared he Is not financing or backing
any Presidential candidate.
Baruch denied that he was backing
opposition to Governor Smith of New
York or Attorney General Palmer and
said he would not be a delegate-at
large to the convention.
"The malM selected as the Demo
cratic nominee." said Baruch, "should
have intelligence, liberal and humane
views, decision and courage. The last
quality, I believe. Is of more Impor
tance than any other."
Hero's Wife Sacrifices Life
Attempting to Save Friend]
Navy loyalty?the loyalty which,
during the war. banded service .wives
close while their husbands convoyed
transports and fought U-boats?some
time? must pay heavy toll. In days of
peace as in days of strife.
The loyalty of Mrs. Patrick M. L?.
Bellinger, wife of the gallant com
mander of the NC-1 In the great trans
atlantic flight last May, brought her
into contact with deadly Infection
while she nursed a navy woman
stricken with double pneumonia.
Both ??vi Strichest.
The patient. Mrs. Edna E. Calhoun.
wife of L4eut: Com. Guy Knight Cal
houn. died Saturday night at Emerg
ency Hospital. Mrs. Bellinger suc
cumbed to the same malady yester
day afternoon at her husband's rooms
in the Meredian apartments.
The same unchangeable loyalty of
the navy allows not the breathing of
a whisper in serViceranks that Mrs.
Bellinger contracted the fatal disease
from unflagging service In her friend's
sickroom. But the similarity of the
cases and the exposure to infection
leave little doubt that Mrs. Bellinger's
life was lrat In line of duly as she
raw it.
in?Pl?>ed Cearage.
As brave and smiling as when she
waited anxious hours for news of the
NC-1. stricken to the sea before the
Atores leg of the "hop across the
pond'' was completed, ehe took up
attendance upon Mrs. Calhoun. who
lived Iti the same apartment house
when the latter first became ill, about
two- weeks ago. .
I*st Monday Mrs. Bellinger found
herself unable to continue the minis
trations. She grew stesdily worse,
lighting for her life like her friend
in the other suite. She did not know
?hat Mrs. Calhoun had been taken
to Emergency Hospital or that she
had died, for she was too sick ta be
?told. She herself gave up the fight
two days later.
[ Fortunately. Commander Bellinger is
| not on duty at some distant flying sta
tion, but at the operations division of
naval aviation In the department. He
was at his wife's side throughout her
lllnens.
Rtauaw W rdalag.
The romance of Commander and
Mrs. Bellinger Is bound up in the gal
lant game of deep-sea flying. She left
the home of her parents. Mr. and Mrs.
James Mackeown. in fashionable Ger
mantown. near Philadelphia, to visit
the commandant of the Pensacola fly
ing station in the summer of 1916. Bel
linger was there making a name for
himself In the partially developed
naval aviation branch. They met. and,
after a short courtship, married.
Since then Mrs. Bellinger, who was
! Elsie Mackeown, divided her time be
j tween Washington and Germantown.
'After war was declared Bellinger and
I every other officer or the N. K. F.'C.
was working day and night to perfect
that branch of the service, and he and
his wife were little together.
Made Record Might.
Six months after the armi tic?
came Bellinger? great chance when
the M'-l and NC-i embarked upo.i
the epochal flight over the Atlantic.
Though his NC-1 camel down 100
miles from Horta with a sma-tiei
wing und pontoon he reached Lit -
bon by steamer In time to see t e
NC-4. directed by'his < bum. L'eut
conn!??. Read, soom down th? la b r
and establish the record of a liem
isphere-to-hemhpherc Journey by
air.
Comdr. Bellinger was ordered to
Washington soon after his return
to America and he and Mrs. Belli-g
er had occupied their ?ulte at the
.Mi redia? since last fall. After the
long separations of war they w?:,
constantly together and. took a
prominent part In the social life ?if
the army and navy here.
Comdr. and Mrs. Bellinger have
no Children. Her body will be tak
en to Germantown today and fu. er
al service? will be held there to
morrow with Interment In Lsurel
Cemetery outside Philadelphia,
FREE SEEDS STAY
DESPITE BLANTON
ATTACK IN HOUSE
The time-honored packages of
garden seed, which Congressmen
have for years been sending to
some of their constituents, came
within an ace of being stricken
from the Agricultural appropria
tion bill yesterday when It was
sharply attacked by a number of
Congressmen, mostly. Republicans,
led by Representative Blanton, '
Democrat, of Taxas.
For a time It appeared as though
the seeds were doomed but when
the roll-call was taken enough
votes were mustered to easily de- ;
feat an amendment offered by Rep
resentative Purnell of Indiana, to
strike out the Item of 1300.000 for
seeds, by IM to 71 vote? -
Blanton declared that farmers
would* rather hay? their taxes cut
than to receive a 15-cent package
of (arden seed. He further declared
that Congressmen were "humbug
ging" their constituents by sending
them seed aa a ''gift," which the
farmers and other citisene of the
country were paying for them
selves.
Pointing to the Republican side
and addressing his remarks to them
he told them to vote this Item down
if they were so concerned in econo
islng and to take 1300.000 off the
taxes this year.
He concluded by saying that If
the seeds were to remain to "take
politics out of them" and let the
Department of Agriculture handle
them.
BILL TO ABOLISH
U.S. HOUSING
PASSED
Senate Measure Provides ;
For Sale of Property
'By Treasury.
A bill abolishing the United States I
Housing Corporation and authorls- j
Ing the Secretary of the Treasury^
to sell or transfer the property wai \
passed by the Senate late yester
day. Passage of the measure fol
lowed a long debate between Its
author. Senator Fernald and Sena
tors King and Smoot. The bill now
goer te the ' Heus? ?"or action.
TJajder the term? of the measure,
as amended before Its passage yes
terday, the Treasury Department
wilt, after June M. when the meas
ure becomes effective, operate the '
group of hotels near the Capitel.
The arrangements under which this
plan wll be carried out have not
yet been announced.
The debate hinged upon the man
ner in which the property of the
Housing Corporation, which Sena- j
tor King estimated cost S1OO.0O0.000.
would be disposed of. There are at I
least 1.800 auto trucks, and a great ;
amount of medical supplies and
medicines, which were asked for :
by the Public Health Service. This !
was opposed by Senator King, and |
the bill as finally passed provides
that all such supplies shall be sold
or disposed of as the Secretary of j
the Treasury directs.
Senator? King estimated that the'
property of the Housing Corporation I
In Washington cost S2.j00.000. ?lovern- j
ment appraisers hope that the sale '
of all the properties will net at least
75 per cent of the original cost, or I
about 170.000,000.
American Stevedores Ask
Protection from Japs
Yokohama, Japan. Feb/ 9.?Lead-1
ere of the American stevedores yes
terday demanded protection from j
Japanese lighter men and tug men |
who attempted to board the Amer- j
lean Shipping Board steamer Lake '
Gitano.
Armed to the teeth, the Japanese ,
reached the deck of the vessel. One
Japanese was killed. The mate of j
the ship was badly beaten. The ?
American and Japanese stevedores
aie bitter competitors.
Volcano Bunt? loto Eruption.
Heading, CalK.. ^Feb. 9.?Mount '
Lassen burst Into violent eruption j
today. A smoke column. 1,000 feet |
high, hung over the peak. No earth- '
quake shocks were felt.
1500 MARCHING
ON LEXINGTON;
SEEKREYENGE
Mountaineers Will Avenge
Death of Mob Victims,
Is Late Report.
FIVE DEAD; 30 HURT
Conviction of Colored Man
As Murderer of Girl
Arouses Mob.
Lauiavllle, Ky.. Feb. t.?It is report
ed tonight that 1,000 well orgaalsed
and heavily armed mountaineers were
marching on Lexington to take re
venge for the killing of five and
wounding thirty more members of a
mob that was repulsed by the militia
| after attempting to lynch William
| Locken, a negro, earlier In the day.
'convicted of killing Geneva Hardman.
a white girl.
j Lexington, under martial law, we?
| preparing to met the mountaineers.
? according to word received here.
I.l.i of Dead.
I Rifles and machine gun? were di
rected against the mob. whose leaders
?urged others on, disregarding warning
shots fired over their heads. The dead
are:
? U M. King, Lexington.
William Etherington. Versailles, Ky.
John Thomas. Versailles. Ky.
B. F. Carrier. Lexington.
An unidentified negro girl.
The mob formed early this morn
ing, surging about the courthouse
and through the principal streets.
Ils threatening aspect am the trial
time approached prompted the au
thorities to call out KiO soldiers
of the Kentucky National Guard.
Had ?h?rt Trial.
Locketts trial waa ' one of the
shortest on record "for a capital
crime. Notwithstanding the omini?
ous muttering? of the crowd? with
out, the court proceeding? opened
at the appointed hour and in thirty
five minutes the ei inging prisoner
wa? listening to the Judge sentenc
ing him to, die in the electrc chair.
News of the conviction wa? flashed
from the building to the impatient
throne outside, which broke from all
restraint when a farmer ?houted:
? l-et's get hltn!" la an inatant the
cry h?d been taken up by hundred?
and the mob/wlwo demos?*?trou*
therefore had consisted of nothln.
more than muttering? and threats,
began gathering more ?olid about the
course.
The attack appeared to have been
planned acainst the Broad street .en
trance, and the soldier? were drawn
iato close formation at the threat
ened point.
Meb Ordered Bark.
"Stand back!" shouted Gen. Lie
Weese. in command of the troop?.
wavinr hi? automatic threateningly.
"We'll get him!" was the answer of
the mob.
Gen. De Weese fired over their
heads, but th? infuriated mob pre??ed
forward, it? leader? shouting in ?harp
staccato sentence? that no Southern
?oldier? would fire into a lynching
crowd bent upon slaying a negro con
victed of the crime of which l,ockctt
wa? KUilty.
G??? Gen. I>e Wesae's order the
troops fored several volley?.
One of the dead wa? a I?-year-nM
girl. ? dosen of the thirty wounded
bore serious wound?.
fioveriior Morrow wa? informed '
that the mob was arming He is
sued a call for regulsir troop?, and
a ?pedal train rolled In at mid
afternoon bringing regular? who '
immediately began the work of
clearing the streets while the city
wa? placed under martial law.
Troop? A rrlve.
The timely arrival of 400 dough
boys produced a sobering effect.
Crowd? of citiseli* remained in the
vicinity of the courthouse, but none
made any demonstration.
Further trouble I? anticipated
when the precautionary measures
of removing the prisoner from jlhe
Fayette County Jail to the Eddy
ville Penitentiary, several hundred
mile? from here, is attempted.
Lockett is now In jail here, heavily
guarded.
Aged Wotran Burned
To Death on Stove
Annapolis. Md.. Feb. 9?elieved to
have fainted and fallen over a stove
in her room. Mrs. Robert G. Ferry. ?
years of age. of Milwaukee, Wi?.. waa
found dead here today.
Fire wa? discovered In the second
story of the house and before fire
men could nach the room occupied
by Mr? Ferry, ?he was badly burned.
A eon. Robert Fery. of Milwaukee.
was notified.
Peary, Discoverer of Pole, . ?
Saved from "Arctic Anemia"
By Sixth Blood Transfusion
-e
! ? . .
Rear-Admiral Robert Peary, die- "Arctic anemia." Blood transfusions
coverer of the North Polo and Arc- at three or four month intervals
tic explorer, is expected to return were prescribed. followed by
to his home, 1811 Wyoming avenue marked improvement ? his cuadj
today following a blood transfusion tlon. Last night members or m?
Saturday at the Naval Hospital, family stated that tlie final trans
| completely' cured of the "Arctic fusion. Is believed to have accom
I anemia" brought on by excessive tpfished a cure. The admiral was
exposure of his polar explorations, resting easily and his return home
accoidlng to statements made last this afternoon Is anticipated,
night by members of the Peary Admiral Peary has always main
l family. talned a Washington residence. He
? The blood transfusion of Satur- has lived at 1111 Wyoming avenue
jday Is the sixth that Admiral Peary'since-1*1*. Living with him are his
has undergone In two years. Two wife, his K-year-old son Robert
? years asm he began to suffer from Peary. Jr.. and a niece of his wife,
a peculiar form of anemia which Another daughter. ' Mrs ; Edward
physiciens diagnosed as the result Stafford, lives at MCS Uirard ave
wf his polar hardship?, labelling it %ue northwest.
i f ?
26 ORGANIZATIONS 1
ASK RATIFICA TION; * ?
LODGE OPENS FIGITf
Senate to Resume Debate
Monday on Republican
Leaders Reservations.
PROGRAM IS OUTLINED
Democrats Hope to Secure
Concessions Which Will
Save Their Face.
The treaty of peace is again he
ore tbe Senate and debate on res
ervations will begin next Monday.
Action necessary to bringing the
treaty again before tbe Senate waa
taken yesterday by Rep?blicas
Leader Lodge in the form of a mo
tion that waa unanimously adopted
by the Senate. Immediately after
Senator Lodge's motion to suspend
the rules, on which motion nine
Senators cast a dissenting vote, the
Republican leader moved that the
treaty by referred to the Committee'
on Foreign Relations. This motion, ?
made for the purpose of freeing!
the treaty from cl?ture, waa carried ?
unanimously.
Ceeasaittee Meets Teday.
The instructions given the com- j
mittee by the terms of Senator :
Lodge's motion are that the treaty
must be reported back Immediately
with the Lodge reservations Intact
nd the resolution of ratification
which failed to receive the necee
aary two-thirds vote last November.
Today the full committee will
meet for thl? purpose, but owing
to the absence of a number of Sen
ators and the Illness of several
others, debate will not start until;
Monday.
Yesterday'? action wipes out all j
the previous record of votes on the j
reservations ayl gives the Senate!
a chance to ?tart afresh on the con
sideration of reservations which j
may be acceptable to a two-third?,
majority.
Mild reservatiooists and Demo
cratic Senator? hope to be able te,
prevail upen Senator Lodge to a? ?
cept such modifications of his res
ervations as can command Urn,
sixty-four vote? necessary.
O.HI?.?. I'rxr..
Senstor l.odge'? program for con
sideration of the treaty, outlined by
?him yesterday. Is a? follows:
1?He will report the treaty to!
'the Senate with the original Lodge I
reservation?.
?. When the debate opens he will
offer a number of modifications, which
were ?greed to In the recent bi-par
llsan conference. These modifications
w?l relate only to the minor reserva
tions and will not include Article 10
or the Monroe Doctrine.
3 Senator Lodge will then permit
some one on the Kepublicaff side, I
probably Senator K"< Hogg, of Minne
sota, or Senator Lenroot. of Wiscon- j
?in, to offer a substitute reservation
?on Article 10. Thl? rrsievatkm. al- ?
though not directly ?pon?red by j
?Senator l,odgc. will have hi? support.
The same course will be followed with I
respect to the reservations ori the
Monroe Doctrine.
The real test in the Senate be-?
jtweon those ?ho want to ratify and |
I those who desile the treaty killed
'will come on the motion to change
^??e retiervation osj Article X. Sen
! lor Lodge will have all of the
'V itld reservation" Republican? and
? vmimiima ri.,triu;F.i: ?
CAUCUS HEEDS
WILSON ADYICE
ON ARMY ISSUE
Democrats Favor Delay on
Training Plan Until
After Election.
WANT PREPAREDNESS
Three-Hour Debate Pre
cedes Party Vote on
Resolution.
House Democrats In party caucus
went on record late yesterday as op
posed to present action on the qu?
tlon of compulsory military tra ? urn
or service by a vote of WS to 17.
The following resolution was
adopted:
"It |s the sense of this caucus that
no measure should be passed by this
Congress providing for universal com
pulsory military service or training."
Opposition to the resolution was led'
largely by the New York delegation,
and lively debate proceeded for more
than three hours before the final vote
came. It had been expected that the
vote would be very close, but the
publication of President Wilson's let
ter to Secretary Baker urging that
the caucus lake no action which
would temi to make a party issue or
universal training turned the tide of
sentiment.
Kaha Seeks tril?.
Repr?sentative Julfus Kahn, chair
man of the House committee on Mili
tary Affairs, is strongly in favor of a
vigorous end well-de?ned policy of
militar}' training and lias a strong fol
lowing, while Majority Leader Mon
de!!, ef Wyoming, heads the Repub
lican opposition to a deCarle training
1 policy at ?resent.
; la President Wilson's letter to Sec
retary Bal- t. which The latter trans
mitted to Representative Caldwell. the
executive says it would be "unfortu
nate to make a party issue on this
subject, particularly since within a'few
months the party will assemble in
contention and declare the principles
upon whichc it deem? it wi.-e to com
mit itself in a national election."
Fighi Noi EtHSew.
Yesterday's caucus was called by
ex-Speaker Champ Clara, who is
now speaking in the Third Missouri
Congressional District. The action
taken, however, will not end the
activities of those who espouse a
policy of universal training and
who feel that the matter should not
be delayed, it was stated after the
caucus last night
The seventeen members who sup
ported the principle of prepared
ness were: Bee. Texas; Caldwell,
New York; Campbell. Pennsylvania;
Centrili. Kentucky: l>oremus. Michi
gan: Dupre. lxiufsiana; Bagan. New
Jersey: Fisher. Tenneasee; Hud
speth. Texas; lgee. Missouri; L??.nei
gen Connecticut: Minaban. New Jei
sey; Mooney. Ohio: I'lney. Massa
chusetts; Pell. Ne?' York; Phe'an,
Massachusetts: and Welling, Utah.
I
Fighting Word" in House
Nearly Starts Fisticuffs
'lake a fcttcf in the night the pen- |
Itleman from Texas"
| "Mr. Chairman. 1 demand those r*- ?
[marke he withdrawn," came the voice
'of the "gentleman from Texa*1."' Rvp- (
reeentative Thomas I*. Blanton.
j Hi? face white with anger, Mr. Blan- ?
ton left his ?eat and walked toward ?
Representative John I. Nolan, of Cali
fornia, shaking a finger under Nolan's '
Lowden Claims Support
Of Iowa Delegation
Word went forth yesleiday from j
the campai,.n headquarters of Gover
I nor Lowden that the Illinois governor
will receive the support of the entire
Iowa delegation to the Republican
convention. "In the past week." says
Representative Frank L Smith.
Washington manager for Governor
lOwden. "Representatives Sweet.
Dickinson and Hull hove made formal
announcement of their supponi foi
? Governor Lowden. They represent
Iowa districts, and ? I? generally
! conceded that Governor l^owden wtll
, receive ?lie support of the e:itire Iowa
delegation to the Chicago convention."
I Gains for Lowden sie also claimed
in Oklahoma. ITsaourl and Mlchi
gan.
Representative Harry E. Hull, of the
' Second Iowa District, yesterday made
' formal announcement of his support
?of Governor Lowden
Free Ride? to CsMrck Goer?.
1 I-ondon. Feb ?.?Alarmed at the
, steady shrinking of the congregation.
' the pastor of the church at Cleverton
| has announced that hereafter mem
1 bers ?jf the parish wl'l be given free
.automobile ride? to and from the
?church. t
Baga and shouting. "1 know you mean
me: why don't you come out like a ;
man and say ?hat you mean*''
The gallerie? ?at tense. Blanton. the :
hery Texan, appealed about to use hi? '
lict. The ehm iman banged hl? gavel !
for order.
"1 want those remarks expunged
from the record!" shouted Mr. Blan- ?
ton.
"I'll move "to withdraw the re
marks." said Mr. Nolan, who t?ad {
found a ?eat during the confusion.
A chorus of anonymous "Noes" fiom \
the Republican side of the House
defeated hi? motion on g point of
order
This occuntd in the House of Rep
resentatives during debate on "he
Agricultural appropriation bill in the
House committee of the whole
Mr. Blanton had Just advocated
cutting -from the bill provision far 33?
messengers asked by the Secretary of
Agriculture ilr. Blanton believ-d
them useless. 'There are more flun
key? there now." he declared, "than
there^are bureau chiefs to be waited
on."
Mr. Blanton asked unanimous con
sent to "revise and extend" his re
marks in the record.
"I object." calne a voice from the
Republican side.
"I thought you'd object.' letorted
Mr. Blanton. "That's as fair as you
on the Republican side can act."
Mr. Noia? ?rose and aaked Mr.
Blanton to state the exact words he
iitended to use In his "revision and
extension." and then began a tirade
against Mr. Blanton for critisin?.
Republican member? on another occa
sion when Mr. Blanton had been given
permission to revi?? and extend hie
remarks in the Record.
When Mr. Nolan came to the words.
Like a thief In the night the gentle.
iman fresi Texas??-" he waa ?uddenly
?stopped by the representative from
'the Lone 8tar State.
Representatives et VO.O?O,
000 Demand V .ept-,
ance Right > way.
WISH IMMEDIATE PEACE
i-1
Copies of Resolution for
Wilson, Marshall, Lodge
And Hitchcock.
, '-?
The representative? of tweaty-eig
national organisations, with a em?
blned memberahip of over ?*.?*?.??* pea
Pie were aaaembted at the Hotel Wfl
lard in Washington ' *" and took
strong action In reference to the las?
mediate ratification of the treaty with
the league of nations covenant.
A statement waa unanimously adopt
ed by the conference and waa pre
sented at the White House * ' after
noon by a committee consisting of
President A. Lawrence Lowell, of Har
vard; Hon. Oscar S. Srtaus and Dr.
Clarence J. Owens. The committee
went from the White House to the
.Capitol where the Identical statement
waa presented to Vice President Mar
shall and to Senator Lodge aad t?
Senator Hitchcock- This states??t
waa as follows:
To the President, the Senate of the
L'nited States and the American
People:
It is with deep satisfaction that thl?
conference committee. representing
twenty-six national organisations, re
assemble' m Washington on the day
that the treaty of peace a gam cesasi
before tbe Senate. We come hack to
the National ? apical following our
conference of January 12, with the
strong hope that $e treaty la essa
to be ratified The President ef the
G nil ed State? in his letter to Senator
Hitchcock, ha? said definitely that he
will accept res?rvalas??, Agreement
on tbe fact that there are to ha reset -
valions has been reached, leaving ealy
the matter of their tina! form to be
determined. Authoritative Intimation?
come from England and from Frasas?
that the form of the reejervatssna Is
wholly secondary to the c?mweaUa**
importase? and neoeSMty of haVwa
America a member of the Isegar of
nations.
Wa again iavoke the fuw4amenta>
democratic right of petfrma fa the
name rW o*f)r ????? A "tar*? as
belonging to the organisation? ?<
represent, urging that, without fur
ther delay, the reservations be caat
in a inai form.
All the reservation? now under
consideration are the reeult of a
long serie? of compromleee. The
original position of the RepuMtoaa?
that the Treaty should be adopted
only with amendment?, and that
of the President that it should be
adopted without reservations, have
both been abandoned. Conference?
of the Bi-Parttaan committee of the
Senate have resulted in practical
agreement on all reservations ex
cept those on Article X and on the
Monroe Dottrine. In regard to tie?
latter, there has not been any doubt
that the Doctrine should be pra
?erved. differences now being con
fined to the method of expressing
that opinion without offense to
friendly nations both in Europe
and America.
Aa regards Article X the differ
ence between the reservation pre
vented by Senator Lodge and that
submitted to the President by Sen
ator Hitchcock ?eema to conai?t la
the fact that the former declare?
that we assume no obligation un
der teb article without the ap
proval of Congress in each sperine
case, and the latter that we aaaume
no obligation to take action un
der the article without the approval
of Congress in each specific case.
The real nature of this diff?re my
i? for u? hard to understand, aad
we believe that it will be wholly
Incomprehensible to the American
people. In any event the difference
Is Insignificant in comparison to the
importance of the treaty and cove
nant Itself. We believe that it 1?
not only for the Interest? of the
country, but for those of the Presi
dent, the Senate, and each of the
great political parties, to ratif>
this treaty without further delsv
We are confident also that when
the l'nited States takes it seat In
the leageu of nation? it will not
be a ?ilent partner In tbe league
but It Will exert an influence fot
humanity and justice proportionate
with Its resource?. It? population,
its ideal? and it? tradition?.
For the conference of national or
ganisation? favoring ratification s?
the peace treaty:
Dr. A. Lawrence Lowell, chair
man: Hon. Oscar S Straus. Mr. Her
I
Oti.VTlM?D OX PACE ??
Abandon Prince? Anne ;
Hope to Salvage Cargo
? ?? Herald Leased Wire.
Rockaway Point. L. I.. Fob ? ?The
Old Dominion Uner Princess Anna,
,which went aground Friday morning a
'mile off shore was abandoned by her
crew todsy and Is betng slowly pounded
- to piece? by the surf. An effort
be made tomorrow morning to
some of the cargo.
| Tonight Capt William Tooker
hi? crew from l'nited States
1 Guard Station No. K. went out to the
wreck. The> found that all ef the
'crew except First Mate Charles T.
leather and one seaman had has?
taken ?? A wrecking launch later
! took off the two men.
London. Feb. ? - British
Save begun the bombardment
Odessa, the Blsck Sea pert
captured by the Russian Soviet forcar
from the l/kranlans. Newa of that
bombardment is given In an stncsal
Bolshevist wireless scat out fret? Mas
co? and picked up by the Bntkm ad
miralty.

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