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Today cloudy and unsettled; tomor row fair aad colder. Detailed weather eport on editorial pac?). THE WASHINGTON HERALD Mildred K. Barbours "a??Smsm a Wife" appears ????? on the woman's page of The Waahinf ton Herald. NO. 4860 WASHINGTON, D. C WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1920. ONE -CENT ?5??t??&? ?LT PREDICT PANIC ? CONTROL OF ' RAIN IS LOST .? Ts For??see Trouble If government Supervision Is Not Continued. W ST FULFILL PLEDGE stern Exchanges Pro it as G ron na Maintains He Will Force Bill. - atlmony that the passa?;? ot th? na bill providing for th? Ina ni ? ?te abolition ot th? United r-'ai ? Grain Corporation might pr* ate ? panic In the wheat saar hat would be felt throughout ?atIr? Industrial structure, w before the Senate Agriculture ia nittee yesterday. The wit 's without exception urged the Titter to reconsider Its favor report on the Oonn? bill. Dealer? I? Eater Pretest. 1 He most formidable array of tes tisnony againat the bill that ha? yet "res"! praaenled will be laid before committee today In a Joint ?p G signed by heads of eleven of ?* Tincipal ?arala exchanges. Fol ' a? ag the brief four grain men. .?tenting all wheat producing an? oi ihe cpuntry will speak uri the Uronna bill. They ore: Wells, of Minneapolis, repre ? rag the wheat producers of the ?west. Kred C. Vincent, of Kan 'ity. representing the South L. F. Gate?, president of Ihe a po boaral of trade, represent : ir Central States, and William ? ?yward. president of the l?al nor. 'Irain Kxchange. represent ing wh--at proaiuccrs at the seaboard. They will urge, that a guarantee has I een mad?? to the whe.it producer? that nuif-t lac made gaaod or the linaria-,al structure at the country aa illy lac cndangereal. The principal aaitness at the hearing a csterday wa? Thomas I?. Moore, of Klthmond. Va., chairman of the l-rgislative Committee of the Millers' National Federation, who asserted ?ha! tbe miller? of the countrv were a unit in demanding that the Grain ?orporation continue to function ?luring the net three and half ^ months. lie said: ?Hilen ?tVaat t'eatrel. "Wc. the millers of the ctauntry. * alesi re to protest airainst the discon ? innante of the established ?gency aTeat"d to carry out the provisions of the Conzressional acts of August in. 1917, and March 1.1519. Tourcom oiitire is in chanrr of legislation af fecting the agricultural interests a?f fhe nut ton. ?nd must pive (ireful con sideration to an?, proposed hill that may affca-l the publia- interest. "Government statistica show that ihe ?WsaJa arial milling industries hav?? handla-d their turnoacr on a per centage laasis far below that of other ? ndiiMrics. The milling; industry has kept pace with the produetittn of wheat in the Tniled States, which at Ihe paeseiit time produces 'S. per a-ent a>f the world's a-ra?p. against haa In.: ?aatj ?> a.r 7 |.er cent of the world'. ??????illation. ? market must be cre ated for surplus aa heat production, nutzt without such a market the fer iti, ? would he compelled to reduce his crop of wheat to the point where pr.wl'jetinn would only equal domestic a onsumption. Palali Pledge. liurinK th.; War the President. ( unaler authority of the Lever bill, guaranteed the farmers of the I'nited States a minimum price for the wheat crops of 1918 and 1919. Tha- wheat guarantee bill, approv ai! March 1. 1919, provided the means of fulfilment of this govern ment pledge ?s made by the Presl ? lent. The President appointed Julius II. Barnes as wheat director to carry out the provisions of this a,?!, and those aaho are familiar with the purchasing and marketing ,,r a wheat crop realise the delicate commission with which Barnes was intrusttd. "We realised that It would be Im possible for us to function finan cially as heretofore in the purchase of grain from the farmer or in the ,ii-tribution of products of wheat to the people. At the request of the wheat director the various trades interested held a conference in May and June of last year. Aa . a result the following methods of * procedure were suggested: ?detjada ut Pr?-ee?ure. "First?To cre?te governmental machinery for the direct purchase of wheat from the producers and the sale of the wheat to millers, and possibly the purchase and sale of wheat products. "Second?To make trade agree ments with the various branches of the wheat handling milling and flour distributing Industries in a way that would make it ?afe for these Industries to continua to function. Pratretr?* Farmer?. "The wheat director decided that the Government could not under take the direct parcha?? of wheat from the farmer because f this pro. cedure were followed the guaran-1 teed price would of necessity be come the maximum price. We ?realised that In entering Into thl? agreement that we were dealing with an agency of th? Government and that It was a national pledge to protect the producers of wheat ? o vTixxiaW AA Tmam TWO. Crisis Between America And Her Allies Brought About by Fiume Question Bjr JOHN ????,??. The allie? must ron?ult America ?bout treaty settlements, which un der the league of nations ah? would be obliged to guarantee Other wise. Preaident ,Wil?on will liav? to conaidrr withdrawing the treaty of Varaaill?* from the Senat*. Such a withdrawal would necaa ?arlly carry with It not only th? league covenant, but also the pro posed military * alliance between France aad th? United State?. Thi? I? th? general American po | sitloa. a? sharply defined in the re? ceat ctMBtaunlcation addreised to thg alii?? hy former Secretary of state Laaaing. ?specifically, the American state paper objected to the allied ultimatum to Jugoslavia on th? Fiume question, to which the United State? wa? not a party and about which she was not consulted. The note, which was inspired by the Preaident. further recalled the December agreement, sinned by England. France and the United Statea as a reafllrmation of the American attitude. The above in formation wa? obtained from re liable sources and present a clean cut view of the present Issue be tween the allies and the United Statea The real question, which ha.- been either begged or obscured by the allied pre??, especially that of France, essentially concerns Amer ica'? responsibility for a territorial readjustment, which the Preeident view? a? dangerously urjust. Up to last evening the ?Hied reply had not reached Waahington. but th? RADICAL PARTY RULES NOBODY Hillquit at Albany Declares Internationale Lacks Authority. Albany. N. Y. Feb. 17.?The Inter nationale wa? pictured today hy Morris Hillquit a? a body without real authority in the work of na tional Soci?li?t parties. Hillquit was called a? an expert on socialism by the rive suspended Socialist as?cmblymen who today bec-an presenting; their deten??; to the char-res cf disloyalty and inell giblltty to ?eat? in the assembly. After describing the organisation ct the internationale, and hi? con nection with the Socialist party and the internationale. Hillquit declared that body "never" claimed and does not possess a greater organic exist ence than th?? power of the affiliated bodies." "The international congresses ar? held by Socialists.' Hillquit ex plained, "merely for the purpose of ?xchanginlg ideas on international subjects, and to ?ay that the inter national,? is directing the policy of the Socialist party of the United States is ridiculous." he declared. The power of th? internationale la purely advisory and moral." MAYNARD ON FLIGHT, LEARNS HE'S FATHER I By Herald Leased Wire.) Alien?la, L. I.. Feb. 17?A son was born Saturday. It wa? announced to day, ?t Mitchell Field to Mrs. Belvin W. Maynard, wife of the "flying per son." laieut. .waynard is at present on a cross-country flight In the Interest of the Recruiting Service. Turks in Constantinople Warned Against Cruelty London. Feb. 17.?Admiral Derobeck, British commissioner at Constanti nople, has been instructed to notify the Turkish government that the Turks will he allowed to remain in Constantinople. It was learned offic ially here today. The allied communication, however, warned the Turks that unless they case persecuting Armenians the treaty will be modified. The allies have agreed definitely to i-iternationallxe the ardanelles. It was announced officially. The desais len to lesve the Turks in Europe, It was emphssised. is provisional upon their treatment of the Armenians and other question?. Wardens Use Snowshoes To Aid Starving Birds (By Herald Leased Wire.) Hartford, Conn.. Feb. 17. ? Game and son?? birds have suffered severely because the heavy blanket of snow all over the State, which ha? prevnted them from finding sufficient food. Game warden? have been busy dis tributing food at various points for the starving birds. The wardens have been forced to use snow-shoes to reach some of the wilder ???tions in habited by timid game bird? 1. W. W. Jsiy Mar See Scene. Mouteaano. Wash.. Feb. 17.?Th? Jury trying the eleven I. W. W.s for th? Armistice Day murder? may be taken to Ihe scene of the alleged ''massacre'' ihn? week. Attorney? for both sidra have indicated williagataa. State Department was ?aid to be expecting it from one hour to the aazt. Owing to the nature of th? Amer ican communication, there ia suf ficient reason to believe that it will be conciliatory in tone, although probably necessitating new Amer ican negotiation? on the Hallo-Ju goalav subject. Step? ta the Cr?ala. The various ateps. leading up to th? ?slating crisis in the relations between America and th? allies, fol low la chronological order: Oa December ?, 1919. the British. French and Americans signed ? joint not? at Part?, agreeing upon a solution of the Adriatic problem. Frank Polk, now acting Secretary of State, was the signatory for the United State?. Three days later. December 1?. ? memorandum carrying the Anglo Franco-Amerlcan propos?! w?? pre sented to Signor SeUloja. Itali s minister, who happened to be In London at the time. Clemenceau referred to this allied agreement in a speech before She French Chamber on December SS. Ile substantially called It the Joint answer of America, Kngland and France to the Italo-Jugoslav ques tion of Fiume. On January 9. 1920. Lloyd George referred dto "modification" of the Joint Anglo-Frana-o-Ameria-an mem orandum of December 9 at a meet ing of th? premiers. The '"modifi cation" w-as news to Ambassador Wallace, who was sitting in at the meeting as an American "reporter." The Ambassador proceeded to no tify Washington about Lloyd George's change In the December agreement. Between January 9 and January 14 Lloyd ?leorge discussed his new proposition with Signor Natta, and within five days procured the pre I mier's acceptance of It as the Ital I Ian compromise ?"oncretely it would ! give Fiume Itali, ? background, bring the city under the league of I nations and give Italy a territorial ? roadway connecting it with Trieste. On January 14. notwithstanding America's queries on the Georgian plan and her indicated objection to It. the allies Ignored the White House and served their ultimatum on the Jugoslavs. Simultaneously the State Department here was ofl'l cially advised of the ultimatum's dispatch. Jugoslavia was given ! four days to accept, antl warned ; that rejection would mean the Im ; position of the pact of London. In the last days of January Wash ington notified the allies that Amer ica stood firmly upon Ihe Anglo Franco-Araerican agreement of I >e ' eember. I About two weeks later. February 1?. then Secretary of State lauislng's memorandum, stating Ameriea's posi Itlon ami revealina: the possibility of > American withdrawal from Kurop??, ? went forward. PraraMeat ?apparia Jugoslavia. In the present controversa. Presi dent Wilson quite unequivocally sup port? the Jugoslav siafc of the case. Indications are that through the Stato Department he took up the cudgels for the Jugoslavs just as soon ss he rereiveal a copy of the allied ulti matum. Relying upon his co-opera tion Jugoslavia has continually fought for and obtained extensions of the so-called four-day ultimatum, .f?leosla?" statesmen have persist ently refused laj make a choioc be tween the Italian compromise or tho Pact of London. Jugoslavi? appar ently has sent out more than one diplomatic S. o. S.. whia h Washington has not left unanswered. The allies for some time have been tliploanati cajly trying to persuaflo her to accept the Georgian plan and so advise the White House. The Jugoslavs, how ever, have not seemed at all dlsnatsed to heed the allied arguments and con sent to the acceptance which the allies proposed to use In their effort to break down American opposition. The Jugoslav press Is naturally applauding America's position, and ?here is a tendency in the Knglish ? press to approve it. But both the Italian and French newspapers are bitter and violent In their deuueia tions of the President. There Is a general disposition through the Old World officialdom to believe that tho President Is making a desperate bid to "come back" internationally. However, the opinion I? wide spread that not only questions of his own health but treaty prospects In the Senate will influence hajs suc cess or (allure among the allies. | Many believe that if the allied gov ernments were certain that the Sen ate would reject the treaty, allied ! statesmanship would be disposed to i abandon tb,e White House and go ! ahead on its own "realistic solution" of European and Asiatic territorial problems. Allied Independence Alleged. There was io way of confirming unofficial rumors reaching the Capi tal last night that the allied reply White House. In the communica tion, Italy, It was rumored, sticks to what she regards as her "Irre ducible minimum" and both the French and the British allegedly uphold her. According to these In dications, the spirit of the latest to the Italian compromise but Is suggestive of new allied union and Independence. But In view of the possible conse quences of euch a tone, especially as regards France, It was not easy to give unquestioning credence to these rumors . As one diplomatist here pat it. either allies will seek to conciliate the President, or they ere so sure that the Senate Is going to reejet the treaty, that they are abandoning him. Just as mice aban don a' sinking ship. Allied ? eaaell Makes Dental. London. Feb. 17.?The Allied Su preme Council tonight officially de nied the report that it had drafted more than one note to President Wilson In reply to his communica tion regarding the Adriatic problem. It was further denied Washington reports that Lord Orey Intervened and used his Influence to "tone down" the. reply. Lord Grey was never consulted In the matter, tt Is declared. The Supreme Council declined to announce the character of the note handed to United States Ambassador Davis tonight, but tt Is understood to be a carefully worded Intimation of the allies' desire to reach a set- j tlement .that will be agreeable to. President Wilson and at the same time will break up the present dead lock between Italy and tha Jugo slav Kincdcua. PUT ON TRIAL AS ENEMY AID, CAILLAUX CALM Former Premier of France Faces Senate to Ansvyer Treason Charge. expect^^ Parisians Look for Sensa-j tional Justification of War-Time Policy. - Parie. Feb. 17.?Co ? front ed by hi? peer-., assembled aa a high court of ; justice in tlie French senate* today. ! Joseph Calllaux, former premier of' Frame, huisband of the woman who did not hesitate to commit murder ?for love of him. had nothing of the [dejected appearance of a man whoae ?life d?pend? upon his ability lo clear himstlf of the charge of treason. On the contrary he appeared ns one thoroughly sure of himself and ready to take up the treason de-bate on -he floor of the senate in a ?spirit of equal ity with the men appointed by the na tion to judge him. Dramatic tenseness marked tho open ing of the trial, the outcome of which is to solve the Hirer year?** riddle that ha? been pitEzIin^ the state?? m en of all tKurope. whether thin former premier, universally conceded to be one of the keenest t-rains of the continent, did or did not betray hia country to the enemy. Calllaux replied in a clear voice to the formal queutions at the opening of the hearing. Now and then he passed a w hispered word to hia counsel. .ludi?.?.-. C?ialTeri and .Moutet, both nie m ber?- of the ,'l.ambsr of Deputies, and Judge D?mange, espe cially appointo-d to see that the '.ode Is strict 1 yadhered to. The trial, which will probably last until June, is expected to provoke a bitler political controversy. Caillaux is charged with having ?-ndafigered the security of the state by plots and machination:-, calculat ed to lend to a premature peace, con trary to the interest??, of the country. He is expeeted to make a great f-peech of defense, probably Friday, in which he will fully develop his ow ? theory and att-empt to prove that his policy, though it may be disapproved by the present French government. ? an actuated by pa triotic motives. $500,000 Estate Willed To William Rockefeller Now York. (SrS, 17.?The ISOt.opo ??tat? of Mr?. Almlra C. ?SBckefe?ler. who ?i??*?<! January 17. wa? left to her hnshanii. William Rockefeller, brother of John l?. Hockefcller. ac cordine to thr will which was filed here for probate today. The ??'ill. drawn September '?2. ISs??. provided that in the event of the death of her husband, the e? late. was to be divided equally amone* her three children. Percy ?. and Emm? Rockefeller. New York, and Ccraldine I! I lodge, or Madison. N. J. 200 Ven i remen Fail To Fill Tombstone Jury Tombstone. Ariz.. Feb. 17 -After the preliminary wocdinK out. only ?ixty tl.ive remained from the new panel of ?HO prospective jurymen in the first of the Bisbe,. deportation trials here today. It was .hlieved the Jury will not be completed from ihe present panel. f puty aherlffa rounded up ?*? venire men yesterday. Kxcusee soon dimin u?..J th. in. (in- man had left his mine ???.timbered and leaied a cave-in. An other had left hi? cabin near the Mexican border unguarded. The Paper for the Home Current News Concisely Written 3 THE WASHINGTON HERALD DAILY AND SUNDAY SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY MAIL: Daily and Sunday.$6.50 per year; 60c per month Daily.$5.00 per year; 50c per month Sunday.$1.50 per year; 75c six months USE THIS COUPON AND ORDER TODAY THE WASHINGTON HERALD CO. Washington, D. C. Please send me The Herald for. for which 1 inclose $. NAME. STREET. TOWN. All mail subscriptions are, payable in advance. Gyrating* Dollar Daddy of H.C. of L. Economist Asserts New York, Feb. 17.?Prof. Irving Fisher of Yale, former president of the American Eco nomic Association, would stan dardize the dollar by increasing or diminishing the amount of gold back of it equal to the value of the commodities it wilt buy. "T(o stabilize the dollar we must keep it on a par with the cost of living," he said in an address before the New York Advertising Agents in session here today. "The rise in prices is a delu sion," Fisher said. "The move ment is not in prices, but in the gyrations of the dollar." - NAVY HEN AID TO NEWBERRY Former Great Lakes ?Sailor Testifies He Circulated Petitions for Helme. Grand Rapids. Mich.. Feb. 17.? Michigan aailor?. serving at the t?reat Lakes naval station in 111 un wittingly aided Ihe worker? for Sen ator Newberry In launching the can didacy of Jame? W. Helme, to oppo.-ae Henry Kord, it waa testified today. The defense acknowledged fostering the Helme candidacy. Kenneth O. Throekmorton. Grand Rapid?, testified in the election fraud trial that while serving at Great I.akrs, William K. Rice, a defendant in the trial election fraud, asked him to come to Chicago. "I met Rice at the Rrtggs House. Chicago." he stated. "Three other sailors were with me. Rice gave us Helme petitions. He ?lito gave me $1 or at! far carfare. "I circulated a petition among the tailors and secured many signera. Other sailor?- brought signed petition? to me and I sent them to Grand Rapid?." "Throekmorton nlso ?ee.med he caused the following notice to be pub lisher! in the Great Lakes Bulletin following another meeting with Rire: "Will all Michigan men communi- i a-ate with Kenneth O. Throekmorton. ?". ?. H.. 11th Regiment?News of in tere?!." He testified a number of sailors answered the request. Rail Executives to Meet Hines on Giving Up Roads fBjr Herald LeaaaeaJ Wire.) New York. Feb. 17?Twenty-five rail road executia'es from ?11 parts of the I'nited States, appointed as a corn mil Ice by the Association of Railway Kxccutives in response to a request hv Director General Hines. will meet in conference with Mines at Wash ington. Thursday, it wa? announced today. The conference was callead to consider the tabor problems incident to the termination on March 1 of gov ernment ownership of railroads The committee will be headed by Thomas newltt Cutler, chairman of the asso ciation. TOGES BARRING ALL FOREIGN 'WET' SHIPS Anti-Saloon League Will Seek Legislation to Keep Out Vessels. Th? Atti-Saloon League of Amer ica within the next few weeks will Initiate steps to bar from American [porta all foreign ships Which sell liquor. This was plainly indicated by Wayne B. Wheeler, genera) counsel for (he league, yesterday. The ques ton will be taken up and a definite Une of action determined upon, he ?aid, when the legislative commit tee meets here within ten days or two weeks. The Anti-Saloon League/a atten tion has heen directed to a situa tion created by the interpretation mit foreign v?asela with bars aboard of the prohibition lava which per from two ancles. First, of ?coarse, the league is Interested In protect ing prohibition tn the United States, but of no leas Importance. In Mr. Wheeler's opinion. Is the necessity of removing the disadvantage to American ships operating in com petition with vessels uf "wet" na tions Asked whether or not the Anti saloon ls-ait u** would attempt through diplomatic negotiations or treatiea to compel the removal of bars from foreign vessels trading in American porta. Mr. Wheeler said: "We will exhaust every other m-a-ana before resorting to treaties." The full force of the league mill be thrown againat the pending measures In Congress which would permit the sale of liquor on Amer ican ships beyond the three - mile limit, Mr. Wheeler declared. In referring to the assertion of Chairman Payne, of the shipping board, t hat the operation of t he prohibition law makes It impossible for American passenger ships to successfully Compete with foreign vessel?*-, Mr. Wheeler declared: It ?? the opinion of the Anti-Sa loon league counsel that the for eign ?hip- selling liquor can be barred from American ports under ?exist n g laws. Witn regard to the effect on the American merchant marine of al lowing foreign ship* which sell liquor to trade in A m r ri can ports while the vessels flying the United State? flag are forced to operate "dry." Mr. Wheeler declared: "J ?don't think there should be that diacriminatto-n. If then- ta any ?ay shall be rione. I rinnot believe but what we have the power within the Jurisdiction of this country to do that thing." "Prohibition cannot be used as the goal to ?cover up the real conditions of our shipping Industry." The Ami-Saloon League, Mr. Wheel er aVo indicate. Is contemplating a campaign against the use of wine in christening ships. He sajd: "It Is unlawful to possess cham pagne or intoxicating liquor outside of one's residenoe, except for purposes specially permitted under the prohibi tion code. The use and possession of It for christening a .?-.hip is unlawful [because that is not provided for. While lit is not a matter of importance. It is ? bad policy for any corporation or offi cial to aet a lawless precedent, even ?in christening a ship." WOMENT?ASK PARTY PLANKS Convention of League De cides to Take Issues Be fore National Conclaves. Chicago. Feb. 17.?Women of the nation will so before political con ventions this ?ear asking adoption of piaffai indorsing legislation better conditions eof women and children alone; educational. Indus trial and social hygiene lines. This was decided at the conven tion of the I,eagui of Women Vot ers hehre today. The planks the women urge will be chosen by the board of directors from the pro gram adopted by the convention. The only suggestion made from the floor of the convention?indorse ment of the league of nations?wa? not voted upon, and met with no ! opposition. Mr?. Oeorge Bass, ! chairman of the Democratic Worn ?n'a National ?Committee, urged the indorsement of the league of na tions plank, provided it is not adopted by the Senate at the time the national political conventions are held. ? The following regional directors were elected: Miss Katherine Lud ington, Connecticut: Mrs. F. Loui? Slade, New York: Miss I>e!la Porteli. Tennessee: Miss Elisabeth Heuser, Ohio; Mrs. James Paige.? iMnnesota; Mrs. George Oelhorn. Missouri, and Mrs. C. H. Simmons, Oregon. Three of the following will be se lected for dlrector?-at-large: Mrs. T. T.**Cutam, Arkansas; Mrs. Richard Edwards. Indiana: Mrs. So lon Jacobs. Alabama; Mm. Charles E. Marion. Illinois: Mrs. Maude Park, Massachusetts: Mrs. Percy Pennypacker. Teaa*. and Mrs. Oif ford. Pinchot. Pennsylvania. "Mad Muliah" in Flight. Ix>ndon. Feb. 17.?A Renter dispatch toalay reported that the "Mad Mullah" Mohammedan army had been defeated and the leader pat to flight in Abys sinia- Heretofore his operations had ben confined to Morocco Choke? to Death M Teeth. Baltimore. Feb. 17.?Mrs. Saxah E. Blsck choked to death when her false teeth became lodged In her throat during an attack of acute indigestion. All effort? of a pliysiciaa and two neighbors to reliev? th? paUasnt lailed. Alimony Incomes Exempt from Tax I-1 Women constituting tbe re ceiving end of. the aUlmony Club will ?mit feminine chortle? of joy on learning that this aource of income !? exempt from the income tax. An Income can only be taxed once aad Comml? sloner ?Roper has gallantly ?te clded that the place to tax ali mony 1? at lu aource. For which fair done?? are duly apprecia tive A? for the donors, they are cut off from human ?ym pathy, except that ot their own kind, and don't really matter, ?ay tbe beneflclarle*. Marriage allowance?, too. are free of tax, but if ?uch funds are Invested the income obtained must be included in tbe tax re turn. ASK FINES FOR NEGLECTFUL LANDLORD G)rnmissioners Frame Bul To Put "Teeth" in Ball Rent Law. Severe penalties by heavy day-to day fines for Waahington landlords who fail to supply tenants with a temperature of 68 degrees Fahren heit during the day as provided In a draft of a bill sent to Chairman Lawrence T. Sherman of the Sen ate District committee, last night by the District commissioners. The proposed l?gislation, which I? designed to "put teeth" In the Ball rent law a? It sects heating service in apartment?, houses and rented premise?, wa? drawn up yes terday afternoon at a meeting of the commissioner? In the District building on request of Chairman James F. Oyster of the District Rent Commission. In a letter accompanying the draft of the bill the commissioner? pointed out. the inadequacy of the present law with regard to rotare ing Ber-vtee rearujationa and stated that the commissionar? believe tbe rent commission should have the authority to determine the degree of he?t which must he furni?hed The commissioners' bill require? owner?, landlord?. les?or?. subles sors or agents to keep apartments", building?, room or room? "at a tem perature of not le?s than ?t de gree? between the hour? of ? a. m_ and 10 p. ??, when demanded by the tenant" In view of hi? leaae or contract. Penalties for negiert or failure on the part of the owner or land lord to keep the rented premise? at thi? minimum temperature dur ing thUpwriod will subject him. if convicted, to a fine of not less then 1*5 nor more than til."I" for each offense. In order to make the enforcement more stringent, the commiseioner? a?k that each day of such, neglect on the part of the landlord be counted a? one offense. The present law. passed Octo ber IS, 1919. and known a? the Ball rent act, define? the term "service"" lo Include light, heal, water, tele phone, elevator service, furniture and furnishing?, but it doe? aot provide any penalty for failure tp provide thi? service, it ia pointed out in the commissioners* letter. The Iaexter FoFII?--w? la Pam "The bill doe? not define the de gree of he?t which ?hall be fur nished. It would be difficult to de termine this degree of heat under various circumstances. Some one would have to pass judgment as to the degree of heat which would make the rooms comfortsble to the occupant "The commissioners believe that legislation of thla character is very necessary, and they further believe the matter of determining the amount of heat should be left to the DUtrict Rent Commission," It is stated. Thi? proposed amendment t.? the Ball act would be applicable In ?uch cases a? the Rent ?Commission is powerless to act- ? case ?ras re corded yesterday In which 10? rent ers protested against the indiffer ence to their demands for heat and similar service alleged to be shown by their landlord, owner of a hotel. The Rent Commission will com plete moving Into their new quar ters on the fifth floor of the Hooe Building morning and the first pub lic hearing? will be staged in the hearing room this afternoon at 1 o'clock. The Hooe Building is lo cated at 1330 F street northwest Tea for Saving Souls Advocated by Bishop New York. Feb. 17?Tea as an aid to salvation Is advocated by Bishop E. S. Lines of the Episcopal Church The bishop made the suggestion at a confei**nee of the clergy of the New ark dioceae tbat they try ??rilng tea after evening devotion? aa a mean? of getting In closer touch with their pariahloner?? "The Idea may shock som? old faahloaed people." aald Iah? bishop. "but I aaiawwt mi think It OOOt." PRIVATE COULD % NOT WIN D.S.M., ?ARCH ADMITS Tells ?Subcommittee No E? listed Man's Service Could Merit Award. B/vKER OVERRULED AU ? Report?ad to Have Disre garded Opinion of Judge Advocate General. No enlisted man can perfora? a duty ?^earponaible" enough to earn a distinguished arr?te? No mem bau- of the s-r-rlo? of ?upply I? eligible for a tnnilsl for heroic oondnct The Secretary of ?(?Tar ts riebt ??? tf he violates the statutes a? laid dowa by ?Can?- * cress la awardiag medal?. The?? and oUit as toan dial ?tat?menla were made by Gea Peyton C. March. testifying befo?? the Uouar subcommittee which h Inveartigating meda) award? of th? War Department- Repr^sasntatr??, Royal C Johnson, of South Data koLa former e.pt.i?, tn t_h. a. ? F. la chalrrn?? of thla mob mam mlttee. Former Brig On. Samuel T. Am sell of the Jndge Advocate Gea* eral'? Offlc who?? demotion bw cause he didn't play War Departa ment politics, ?tarted a number at Congressional inareatlratlor? alai caused his resignation from thl army, I? counsel for John???! committee and crow-exam in? d bl former chief unmercifully BU?? I ?efe???. Private. Representative Oscar T. Bland, ot Indiana, a member of the commi*? tee. took the Initlatlva in defessa? ing the private soldier. Throughout the bearing trener?) March showed a tendency to noi even admit that he bad different opinions from the Secretary of War Be studiously avoided ail questioni which Inferred that the Secretary? judgment waa wrong. Bland read the statutes on t h? award of th? distinguished aervua ero ?a aTfaaaro? provided thl? award f o? -etraordinary ha. otara ia oa/ismu? wiir -nilltary operations agatn?t a? arm. _ acrmy." Be cited the caae ol a private tn the service of supply wbo went Into the hold of a burn ing munitions ship, put out ? t.r? at the risk of hit, life and save? the lives of hundreds of his com* rade? and f l.taOP.OOfl worth of am munition. General March declared that Ba ker construed the statutes sjg mean ing that one had to mnn the D. ti C In th? trenches and that then was r.o medal which could Isa awarded thi? man. and a hundred other? recommended by Genera' Harboard. He declared that General board ?a? wrong in sayinc medal awarding was an ? slub affair.'' but almost in th. ?,? breath ?said there was no ne rj fast other medals because Secreta? ta ker did not think so. The penerai again aroused 1 v.1 ire bj^declarlng that no enlista ? could perform ? aluty ?' . .-no enouch to win the l>istintruishea lee Medal. ? l- nor the priante atoMier o-a In the trencilles with the live? o atands of his comiade* m hi* and wbo would be shot if he fell dow r in his duty, holding down a lesponsi ble poaitlonT" asked Bland "No." stubbornly ??.-ertesi Gen. March. Chargea ?Mirera ?"???red. Bland then charged that discrimina? tion was shown in awarding medal.' a?? statistics show that Pi per cent ?? those receiving foeni were r?gulai army oflWre. vm-m Mar, h d?nie? knova ledge of thi>. When asked why nil?-uve civilian? had been awarded lha D ?, M. ?-he? Congress had decreed that it 1?? on)? awarded to those connected with th? armed military' service, tien. Ma'.l declared that the Secretai.? of \\ a? 11 the "court of 1?? resa-art" iti th'? matter?the final interpreter of the will of Congress. Be further declared th.tt th? queeton had been submitted to the Judge Advocate General fa,r en opin ion, but had further ruled that hi? chief, the Secretary of War. could overrule hini. The Secretary read the opinion ot the legal depart ment of tht :irm? and then disre garded it. Gen. March relurtantl? admitted. f.enera I Received D. ?. *?. 'The D. S ?. ?? ?w?rded for ex ceptionally meritorious ?ervice la positions of responsibility." said Bland. "Mow do you account for the fact that seven out of every eight major genera!? received It? Does ? ot that Indicate that th? eighth man is the exception in stead of the men who got the medals?" | Gen. March evaded the question. Secretary of War Baker may be called before the ?uba.omir.ittee to. day. Oiarge? that National Guard of ficer? have been Intentionally I** nored In the awards of medal? wer? denied by Gen. M?rch. In refuta tion of the denial, however. Rep resentative Bland declared: "The ?tatUtic? pr?>v? that >? per cent of those receiving award? wore regular army ofBcers." "That was for the vanon? bo?rd? to decide." Gen. March retorted. Representative Bland displayed some feeling when Gen. March, re plying to a que?tia?n ?? to th? War Departments attitude on fur ther med?l ?wards, stated th?t Seacretarv B?ker thought ?uBI cl?nt medal? "already have been ?warded " Flar? -??????? l?tr??a." "That Isn't the question." said Bland with emphua? "We dont care whether sufflcientj?a?*e?l? h?- ?a been distributed to civilian pe?s What we want ?? to inelede a d? MrTlna eia?? of soldier? who?? heroism haa been,??w ? locked."