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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 07, 1920, Image 1

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Congress Heads Think Wilson
Plans to Resubmit
Peace Treaty.
President Expected to Ask
Repeal of Income and
Excess Profit Bills.
President Wilson, yielding: to thei
will of his physician, will not appear
?t the Capitol today to deliver
in person what may prove his
final message to Congress. He
so announced yesterday afternoon
when a joint committee of the
House and Senate visited him at
the White House on the courtesy
call to notify him of the convening
of Congress.
Wilson, greeting ' the Congressional
committee yesterday, walked
into the Blue Room with the aid of
a cane. He apologized, smilingly,
for the can*, saying. "You see, I
still am using a third leg."
f Be iaf?rlMt. ,
Congress leaders last night indicated
that Mr. Wilson's message
would be of especial importance in
two respects:
Renewal ot his previous recommendation
for repeal of excess
profits taxes and income surtaxes
and revision of other provisions of
the revenue laws so as to simplify
His discussion of international
relations, with a strong probability
of his resubmitting to the Senate
the treaty of Versailles embodying
the covenant of the league.
The final session of the Sixtysixth
Congress which began yesterday
is prepared to enact emergency
legislation until the committees
handling the appropriation bills are
ready to report. Estimates aggregating
$4,653,85^,759 were submitted
to the Speaker of the House by the
Secretary of the Treasury.
Bllllaa la Kxcmb.
Those estimates are $
in excess of the appropriations
made for the current fiscal year.
They are approximately 1210,000.000
loss than what the executive departments
requested for the cur|
rent year. They are at least |t,?
000.000.00* in excess of what Coai
gre m teadsrs say will k- jgrr^i
priated. The military and naval
cstablishroeat* requested appropriations
aggregating $1,317,757,733, of
which the array wants $699,378,502
and the navy $658,522,231.
Treaty May Be Revived.
It was not doubted that the President.
In keeping with tradition,
would?be obliged to discuss the foreign
affairs of the government, inasmuch
as the message at the opening
of Congress is to "discuss the
state of thfc nation.For that reason
a circumstantial story gained
c redence at the Capitol that the Senate
leaders might expect a resubmission
of the treaty, it was urged
that by such a course Wilson would
be consistent in his argument for a
termination of the technical wai
status between the United Statec
and Germany.
Try to Foree Haada.
Instead of allowing the treaty tc
rest in a pigeonhole at the executive
offices, he would force the Republican
leaders to assume responsibility
for shelving It in the Committee
on Foreign Relations.
The response of the Senate leaders
to any such action by the President
would be repassage of the Knoa
| resolution declaring peace by legislative
action and repudiating th<
treaty of Versailles. Senator Knoi
I not thought of urging consideration
of his resolution at this session
but some such course;'It is held
might become neeessary to meet I
new offensive by the President.
Ta Repeal War Laws.
Jt is the purpose of Republican
to HM. at the earliest pos8*ble
date, a resolution repealing
almost a score of war emergencj
statutes. Representative Andre*
J- of Minnesota, chairmat
of the House Committee on tho judleiary.
will call up In the House
today, if possible, a resolution repealing
the war laws. Right ol
way has been granted to the emer
gency immigrataion legislation today,
but the Volstead measure will
follow It.
The Senate wlU proceed to tin
consideration of the Kenyon-Kendrlck
bill tor regulation of th<
meat packing industry.
The Volstead resolution, whic)
seeks to put an snd to the operatioi
IB peace of statutes held justifies
nly in the stress of actual wai
conditions, embodies the languagi
of the Knox peace resolution afte
f eliminating the legislative recogni
tlen of peace statutes.
(Capyrigfct, ISM Public Mpr Gs.)
Following** conference here yes
terday with Harry M. Dougherty
pre-con vent ton manager of Benatoi
Harding's campaign. Alva McDon
aid. of El .Reno, Okla.. prediotx
that Mrs. Jake u. Hamon wouli
succeed her' husband as Kepubllcai
national committeeman from Ok la
Jake L. tfamon. millionaire oi
man. railroaa builder and Stat
commltte?m4fc from Oklahoma, dici
recently froill a' bullet wound sail
to have been inlUcted by his secre
tary. Clara ataMLh Hamon. wife o
Hamon'* nephew
McDonald *Ut .leave \Va?hinKto<
today with Douaherty for Marion
Ohio, for furtherSpnferences on tb<
situation He flw he was .assure*
I from advice* fwrv Oklahoma tha
the Stat' central/committec will in
dorse Mrs. HaqKaB </or the positioi
or national cA*ak*eeman. and tha
^ I she will be etsrtA by the Republic
aa National Cqafnittee.
I . McDonald d?<KlM that the diar;
alleged to have.. been written bj
. Clafa Smith Hamon was written b'
a Newspaper syndicate and that th.
Oklahoma jomM h#4 nothing t*
+o> wltt i4(
r. ~ .... ?
Alarming and
GBinrA, Dee. I.?TV Aran"'iMk
here la very Mantr?*' ?
taal?ht. The m> fro at
Armeala. hath mimnH,, as*
af aa alaradaj aatarr, rffartlax
Baishertat nilac aa* rmifr4
has rtwaiU tkr lrMberatlaas
( the Araaealaa Caaa~
mlsalaa af the Laa*a? fcekja* a
rlaad af mtalm.
Th? .whale aseallss whleh ealy
a fartalcht mgm waa reeelve^ with
aeelamatlaa by aa eathaalaatle
am* yaaa< aaaeaihly aaxlaaa ta
seesaasllsk sawethla* haa i
ahruh ta the yra^artlesa af a
third-rate aaatloa awaltiag eaaaMeratlaa
la a H(aaahak.
The Araaealaa Caaalaaloa ta
aaarhlac tlaae. haplas far aaaae
aan la A?erica. Lard Rabert
Oell aaya he hapta eaoash aaaaey
will aaaa he fartheaaalac ta eaahle
the lea?ae ta 4m aaaethlat.
The eoaaaalttee la aaahle ta aay
hawrrer, what It lateada ta 4m
Whea It seta the mmmej.
A arahleaa that aaay rkaafe
the whale aaaeet at the Araaealaa
aaeatlaa la eaatalaed la taday'a
Itapatehea Kirtag detalla af the
craalac Bolshevist lavaalaa at
Aata Mlaer.
Chairman of Census Committee
Introduces Measure
for Bigger Body.
Membership in the House of Representatives
is increased from 435 to
483 in a bill for reapportionment in
accordance with the fourteenth
census introduced yesterday by
Representative Siegel. of New York,
chairman of the House Census Committee.
This increase. Chairman Siegel,
aid, is proposed as a basis of discussion
and does not represent a
definite view of the committee..
Representative Hull. Democrat, of
, Tennessee, introduced a resolution
proposing a constitutional amendment
fixing the membership of the
House permanently at 450.
Representative Tinkham, Republican,
of Massachusetts. Introduced
a resolution authorizing the Census
Committee to investigate the disfranchisement
of negroes iif. the
Southern States and providing "for
reduction of the apportionments for
these States
The re-apportionment would affect
the following States by increasing
Alabama, from 10 to 11;
Arkensas. from 7 to 8; California,
from 11 to 16; Connecticut, from 5
to 6; Georgia, from 12 to 13; Illinois,
from 27 to 30; Maryland, from 6 to
7; Massachusetts, from 1C to 18;
; Michigan, from 13 to 17; Minnesota,
from 10 to 11; Ne wJersey, from 12
to 14; New Mexico, from 1 to 2;
New York, from 43 to 47; North
Carolina, from 10 to 11; Ohio, from
22 to H: Oklahoma, from 8 to 9;
Oregon, from 3 to 4; Pennsylvania.
from 36 to 40; South Carolina, from
7 to 8; Tennessee, from 10 to 11;
Texas, from 18 to 21; Virginia, from
10 to 11; Washington, from 5 to 6;
i West Virginia, from 6 to 7; WisH
cons in. from 11 to 12.
i French to Demand League
Officials' Pay Be Cut
[ PARIS, Dec. 6.?It is reported on
highest authority from sources
close to the government that the
i French Chamber of Deputies will
' refuse to vote credit# for France's
) share of the league of nations' exr
penses unless the salaries of the of1
ficials are cut in halt. f
I It is understood that if Sir Eric
' Drummon, the permanent secretary
f of the league, does not consent tc
a reduction from $50,000 to $25,000
I yearly France Will decline to con[
firm his appointment, which is foi
five years.
> ?
, President-elect
!j No Lover of Jazz,
Violinist Assets
! G" H?r"a?. erstwhile
?*< * layer, ta dlatlaetly. j
!*? ***** 7- *? - aaeaa*5'
?' ,v?-,let? ?trla* ar?* *?
wkl* aeeavpaalod the
r' r"*1?'"-""' " ""a trip <a |ke
-1 *' *o?e, Hnot onee did geaa
t -tor Hardl., t?jt we
1 #Be ' the iiyacopated ?leeea
l wfc,fk we kN takes ahnc a
large mmppty. We playe^T.- '
tfcern anyway, bat there
1 tmm plrrrm that the Senate# made
ft *erfeet la the exec.
; ?V'"ZZ".
1 . . ' Tkn* the arearale
fraaa the Tales af Ha*?..
f sad -La Palaaaa.' We aM( hav?
ayed ?aeh abaat lfteea .tl.ea
? " Whea we'd jfa|,h
. thaae twa, we'd a tart aa
' "^kea we ,layat far daaelajr
the Hrnr*,.m.
; -"k; rarh
la aaawer ta the tarath. aa
ta whether the fa tare - tM .
r mm* his wMe wet* gmm* daaeera.
' "r. Uafc rtfaaH ta (a farther
r .kM to realat hht ,aeJh.r'
*' rji *
solons hurry
to stem alien
tide into u.s.
Plan to Enact Emergency
Legislation to Suspend
deem situation acute
I ??
[House Committee Believe
That Most Come Here
Without Funds.
Enactment of tmernncy legislation
Within the next several day*
excluding all Immigration Into the
United State#, became certain yesterday.
when the Houao Immigration
Committee reported out a bin
which may be passe<l by the House
and sent on to the Senate btfor.
adjournment tonight.
The bill provides for a suspension
of immigration for two years, with
a few specified exceptions, and
makes it discretionary with the
Secretary of Labor as to whether
or not these exceptions shall be
Republican leaders explain this is
m,relv temporary legislation designed
to meet an acute situation
? permanent measures can be
worked out. It l? planned to enact
)a substitute bill during the next
Per Cfst fr? Gallcla.
i "Members of the committee found
the new Immigration at Ellis Island
to consist practically of all nationalities
except Orientals say"
the committee report. On the
steamship Amsterdam, sailing from
Rotterdam, the committee found
that 80 per cent of the steerage
passengers were from Gallcla. practically
all of Jewish extraction. On
the New Rochelle. arriving from
. Danslg. the committee estimated
that more than SO per cent were of
the Semitic race.
"The committee is confirmed in th?
belief that the major portion of recent
arrivals came without fun<j?
and arc incapable of earning a llvell''?"A
study of new Immigration from
Central Europe convinced many
members of the Immigration Committee
that the arriving immigrant!
are not those who might go u
(arms Most of them were bound
for Industrial centers already overCr?n'*h!e!Poll?h
foreign oHlce"the report
stated. J11.000 applications foi
passports to America are on file
From 1.000,00# to *.000,800 persons It
Germany want to come to the United
States. The report adds:
Will Fight Bill's Faaaage.
"The committee has confirmed
statements to the effect that 'If then
were in existence ships that could
hold 3.000.000 human beings, the 3.000.000
Jews of Poland wo?ld boarc
them and escape to America."
1 ftnwe of the bill in the Housi
will be fought vigorously by i
group of opponents headed by Rep
resentative Slegel. Republican, o
New York, and Sabath. Democrat
of Illinois, both members of the
1 committee, who will submit I
| minority report. Siege! said:
"The net result of this propose!
I legislation would be to prevent po
| littcal refugees from entering thi
United States. Relatives of de
clarants will not be allowed t'
come in. It would work gross In
"The whole Japanese question 1
dodged and nothing is proposed t
remedy it." Mr. Siegel continued
"The immigration situation aloni
the Mexican border becomes on
grand huge Joke.
"The committee declined to gran
hearings' to anyone opposed to th
bill, despite my request as a mem
i t ber of the committee. The who!
thing has been rushed throug
without careful deliberation."
British, Germans
And French Plan
Trade with Redi
(Wr VaiTeeial ferric*.)
Special CaMe DUp.tch.) f
PARIS. Dec. ? ?Great Britain an
Italy havo agreed on the resump
tion of trade relations with Ru?
sla. A treaty with the Soviets wl'
be signed in ti few days.
? The treaty will establish the sta
tus of the merchant marine, th
contracting parties agreeing to d?
fer the question of the debts of th
former Csar to a future confei
ence of the three governments.
BERLIN. Dec. *.?OeOrmany thl
week will appoint and start towar
I Moscow an oBlclal economic trad
representative. This Is the fl"
formal step on the part of Oermap
| for offlcial resumption of trade wit
Red Russia.
There appears to be a twofol
purpose in this action: First, I
' counter and anticipate the mov
by the Social Democrats which the
! expect to Introduoe In the Relchsta
In the next few daya demanding ire
mediate diplomatic and trade reli
Hons with Soviet Russia; secondl;
to beat Great Britain to it in Mo!
Red Cross Discusses
Peace Time Prograi
Red Cross chapter policies an
activities in regard to the body
peace-time program were discuss*
at a meeting of 300 delegates repr.
sentlng chapters throughout tt
United States at national heac
quarters yesterday.
Dr. Livingston Farrand. chalrms
of the central committee. In an opei
Ing address Indicated the pra<
ticabillty Of leaving entirely with!
chapter Jurisdiction decision as I
which phase or phases of the peac'
time, program cay result most bei
eflclally to a partlchlar commualt
A second meeting was held la tl
afternoon wJien chapter finance. U
use of chapter funds and relatlc
Ion division headquarters to thei
*fund? were discussed
1 , -'
Wife of Next
Takes Tea in
t Mrs. Harding Is Guest
Room of Executive
Senate Restaurant A
In itself it doe* not seem of par-'
tlcular interest, but nevertheless j
nothing: in this busy day of the |
opening: of Congress has aroused;
j more discussion among men and
I women alike than the apparently
. simple fact that Mrs. Harding had
tea at the White House.
Promptly at 6:S0 one of the >Ic.
Lean limousines rolled up to the
brilliantly lighted central portical
of the President's residence and a
lone figure stepped out. It was
Mrs. Harding, and she did not leave
again until 7 o'clock, though she
j must have had to rush to dress for
, the dinner which Senator and Mrs.
New save last evening; for the
'President-elect and Mrs. Harding,
j Had there been a" dictaphone
| over the Red Room, jrhere Mrs.
I Wilson herself poured tea from the
! silver sta|? service, no doubt it
j would have reported housewifely
discussions as to china closets,
linen rooms anad rehitivc merits of
servants. Certainly no one else
heard the conversation, for. though
everyon was wondering who else
Mrs. Wilson had invited to tea, it
turned out that no one else had
been asked. Mrs. Wilson conducted
Mrs. Harding through the various
rooms of the house.
It wss Just ^ nice, homey visit
Estimates Totaling Over
4J/2 Billions Must Be 1
Pruned, Says Warren.
The enormous budget estimates
j totaling $4,653,856,759 presented to
4Congress yesterday wll be pruned
approximately one-third, according
to Senator Frsncis E. Warren,
chairman of the Senate Approprlai
tions Committee which will pass
upon all appropriations. ,
j ( Senator Warren Indicated that the
> situation only can be remedied by a
I slow process of adjustment.
"It would be committing hari-kari
t* eotHfee appropriations half ?
r has been suggested," said Senator
Warren, who Is recognized as Jone
J of the leading authorities on national
"We have obligations that must
be met. The seriousness of condl1
tions is revealed by the c<mtinu#|
J J issuance of 6 per cent treasury cefc*
1 tiQcates meet the maturing obll
j gatiens of the government. The
L.bank* already have about as much
of this paper as they can carry and
->soon new methods will have to bt
i j devised.
! "Tfie nation must be resigned to
f I the fact that material reduction in
: taxes cannot be secured for at least
9 [ two years. Real relief, however,
*1 can be obtained by readjusting and
equalizing the present grossly inI
j equitable methods by which taxes
p i are levied."
e j Other leaders in Congress do not
- believe that- the estimates, which
?! are $1,000,000,000 in excess of ap-1
pripriations for the yresent y?;ar,
| can be reduced to the extent Senas
tor Warren believes. Most of them
o are traceable, in large part, to the
I. war.
S The interest on the public debt
0 alone amounts to $922,650,000. In
[addition, estimates for the war debt
t sinking fund amounting to $265,e
754,864 were submitted. These two
- items alone are largely In excess of
c ! pre-war estimates.
The plan of utilizing the $4#5.##0.000
worth of German-owned
1 property in the United States as the
basis of a huge trade credit to Germany
is free frtjta legal objection,
a In the opinion of Attorney Genera'
.Palmer. It was announced at th<
Department of Justice yesterday
U The preporty is /held now by th?
I Alien Property Custodian.
! K. W"1 require action by Cone
gress to authorise the Alien Prop,
erty Custodian tp make use of ttu
money. It is expected that a mnv
lure to this end jrill be introduced
. at the present se?al<jn. Conference.
| between official* and New Torli
bankers seeking- to arrange th<
i credit extension ipi" be held hen
during the week. The plan proposed
Is to use the German asset;
' as a fund to. guarantee Germar
J ^ purchases in American markets.
-only 16
days ,tpV^
^. * .
President ]
i White House
of Mrs. Wilson in Red (
Mansion?Lunches in
Iter Congress Session.
which gave the next first lady of
the land a chance to see the inside
of her future home, as Mrs. Harding
had never before visited the While
House. It must be hard even on %
Presid Bt's w;f* to be obliged to
move iito a ron the vev day
the other ?>cm pan Is are motrin* *ut
after eight years' residepce, so
everyone thought Mrs. Wilscn's invl- j
tat ion was a very kindly. thought- i,
ful act.
On the whole, Mrs. Harding had a
busy day. She came into the Senate
with Mrs. Edward B.McLean with
whom she is staying, and with Mrs.
C. E. Sawyer, wife of the Harding
family physician, just as the President-elect
started his speech.
Mr. Harding lunchd privately with I
Senate leaders but Mrs. Harding
lunched publicly In the Senate restaurant.
At her table were Mrs.
McCean, Mrs. Sawyer and Mrs. Sawyer's
daughter-in-law from Mari?.n,
After the leisurely luncheon. Mrs. j
Harding remained in a ro ?m adjoining
the restaurant until 3 o'clock
chatting with friends and acquaintance*
She wor#? a plain black silk
dress *lth nhnple organJl* col!ar
and cuffs topped by a black toque
trimmed with Alice Bl-'o ostrich
feather? Mrs. Harding wo'e this
same lres3 i- ihe White Houfe.
Tomorrow Mrs. Harding wPi b?*
entertained at luncheon bv Senators'
Commissioners Urge Congress
to Help Washington
In Many Projects.
A policy of general expansion for
the District is outlined ULthe report
cf the District Commissioners to
Congress for the fiscal year ended
June 30. They recommend filling
needs in practically every Important
branch of the municipal government.
The Commissioners state that they
favor a bond Issue, to be authorised j
by Congress, to finance "a number |
of greatly needed municipal im- <
jjrovements.' The Commissioners!
"said 'they believed these improve-1
ments could not be made without an '
unreasonable increase in the tax
"Among these permanent improvomenta*
the report,ad-i
Actional achol buiMligs ts take care
Iof the increase in child population,'
| the acquisition of land to complete
jthe park system, municipal play
grounds for children who now are
j forced to use public highways as a
| playground, and rebuilding bridges1
i no longer adequate for modern traffic 1
? or which would be unsafe if thrown \
| open to such traffic. **
Increased salaries for District
I employes were asked in the last
'estimates to Congress, the report
| said. The increase would include
I the Commissioners, but, it is stated,
| they -have no intention of urging
: that this increase apply during the
j present term of office.
i Adoption of the McMillan parking
[ plan, as far as possible under existing
conditions; increase of the
tree - planting appropriations, and
..Institution of the metropolitan sewerage
project, which would prevent
further contamination of District
park streams by sewage from Mary,
land towns, were recommended.
The Commissioners cited the
need of institutions for care and
j training of certain types of chll|
A new child labor and school attendance
law is asked, and laws to
( provide mothers* pensions and public
supervision of private and public
child-caring agencies. The ln!
stltutions the Commissioners s^id
I , were needed are "an institution or
,! colony for the feeble-minded; a
' temporary receiving home for the
wards of the board; a preventorium
".for tuberculous children; an industrial
home school for colored girls,
and a new industrial home school
for white children, on the cottage
j plan.
I Additional increased appropriaj
tions for the Public Library were
. j recommended, and establishment of
*| branch libraries in populous seci
j tions of the city was advocated.
I LONDON. Dec. With talk of
i peace negotiations between Ireland
and Great Britain constantly grow .
lng. and with prospects that a settlement,
or at least a truce may be
reached before Christmas. Siafi Fein
leaders tonight unofficially state
j that the only possible basis for a
truce lie* In three conditions.
The flfrst Is that there shall be
no surrender of arms by the Irish
unless the -military and the "Black
and TaqV are withdrawn from Ireland.
The second is the release of all
political prisoners.
The third is that there shall be
an immediate calling of the assembly
of theDall Eireann, including
Ulster delegates to draft a settlement.
If it appears that a setlement
Is hopeless the truct Is to terminate
in twenty-four hours.
When loyd George was pressed In
the House of Commons this afternoon
to disclose whether he had secretly.
adopted any method for
bringing abount peooe in Ireland,
beyond the enforcement of the unpopular
home rule bill, h< evaded
the point by replying that he was
ready to discuss peace proposals
With anybody speaking with authority.
He declared 4ic wanted to know
what Interests Father O'Flannagan
represented before replying to his
telegram which declared that Ireland
desires immediate peace,
1 -
resident-elect Breaks Precedents
by Talk from
Last Session of Upper
House of Congress !
Ends Quickly.
The pretence of the Presidentelect
In the Senate fllled the opening
session of Congress yesterday
with history-making and hlBtory-1
breaking precedents.
It was the first time In the life
of the nation that a member of the
Senate had entered upon the floor
In his own right as a Senator and
addressed his colleagues as his country's
choice for the great high office
of the Presidency.
It was the first time that a Senator
bade farewell from the Senate
rostrum to step Into U>e greater
responsibilities for which the people
had chosen htm.
President-elect Harding performed
these duties with becoming modesty
and with fine regard for the
proprieties of the occasion Before
being escorted to the Platform he
sat among his colleagues with the
same quiet demeanor and calmness
that always characterised his appcarance
in the Senate.
U Friendly f A.II.
He was as friendly in his sreetIngs
to the Democrats as to tne Kepublicans.
and to many of themhe
gave a friendly pat on the shoulder
in addition to a hearty handshake.
He was extremely cordial in his
rreeting to Senator Reed, of MisSenator
Shields, of Tennessee.
and Senator Thomas, of Col"aU
the naileries. Including thai
set apart for Senators' families.
were crowded by persons eager to
witness the unusual ceremony.
Many members of the House exercised
their privilege of entering
upon the Senat.: floor and formed a
considerable crowd, which filled the_
space at the rear of the Senators
While Senator Harding's speech
was In the nature of a formal leavetaking
of his colleagues. It was also
a pledge to Congress that
'out his administration there will oe
compl?t?-ro-?rdlnMlcn betweenthe
President and Cofceresi and that
there will not be* a surrender at
either end of the a*e*ue "
President-elect Eaters Seaate.
Just as the nanda of the big clock
in the Senate st?od at two minutes
-r noos Senator HardinK emerged
from the Republican cloakroom preceded
by Senator Lodge *nd followed
by a number of other Republican
Senators. .
He was immediately surrounded
by his colleague? from both sides of
the aisle, who crowded about him to
tender their respecCa * ?.
engaged. Vice President Marshall a
ravol descended with the announcement
that the Senate was in order
end that the Chaplains prayer
would be heard.
The President-elect stood at the
rear of the chamber durirgthedellvery
of the prayer with heaa
howed. Mrs. Harding, accompanied
by Mrs. Edward Be ale McLean, stood
in the gallery.
At the conclusion of the pra>er
Senator Harding made his way to
the front row on the Republican
side and seated himself at the desk
of Senator Fall. When Senator Fall
entered the chamber. Senator
Ing waved to him to take the seat
Of Senator PenroM?. adjoining his.
which Senator Fall did. and the two
engaged In earnest conversation
while Senator Lodge. the RePubltean
leader, went through the dreary
formalltiea of having committees
named to notify the President and
the House that the Senate was ready
for business.
Invite* Harding Speak.
These formalities concluded. Senator
Lodge made formal announcement
of the presence of the President-elect.
and suggested that Sen
ator Harding be recognised for a
Senator Lodge said. . .
"I cannot refrain from akinB
reference to the fact that this Is ?
memorable occasion. For the first
time in the history ofthecountrj
a member of this hody has bee.
elected President of ?he ^"1
States He Is here with us today
still a Senator, and I venture to suggest
that he may be recognised bj
the chair to speak informally to th?
Senate before he leaves his servlo
here "
A wave of applause swept ovei
the galleries, and then came th.
most graceful and courteou^ct"
the entire ceremony. Althougt
Senator Lodge had merely brlefl!
suggested that the Presldent-elec
?hould be Informally recognised
Vice President Marshall did the raoa
unusual thing of stepping quickl;
down to the Senators seat, grasp
lng him by the hand, and leadmi
him up to the platform.
An Unexpected Conrteay.
I It was done bo quickly and so un
expoctedly that Senator Hardlnj
I was at the Vice Presidents desi
and ready to speak before he, him
self, realised what had happened
The audience divided its applause
between the President-elect and th
Vice President, who is about ti
retire. . _ .
Nover before has ? member
the Senate while that body w" 11
regular session been permitted ti
address his colleagues from the Vic.
President's rostrum. But Senato
Harding spoke as a Senator ani
as the President-elect to those wit!
whom he had served and with whon
- he urged the most cordial and co
ordlnated relationship.
After Senator Harding had spokei
the Senate was adjourned and th.
Senator lingered along tune_ o
! the floor of the Chamber talkmi
with his colleagues.
leaves for T?gay.
In the office of Sen*'" Y>**'
where he repaired for a briffco.
ference with several collaaguea. Mi
Harding gave out an Interview!
which he said he would depart fo
Marlon today; jhat hcw^ld no
vUtt ?
Whether Wilson (
Will Appear or j
Not Vexes All
rwiUliM aa ? wkrikn
Wlu* waaM appear
a peraaa ar mm kla ?? a?.
' *" ' ??Mw?a kr amiain r
re?ter*ar IraiamM aaj
thaa?ht a?aW?> ml Caasraaa
at wtat waa la th? r, ltaclt.
" PthMmi kal wUmI
tm throw a imfcr Trcra srsaad
kla aUnaa aa* what U la It, he r
r**w haee tfaac aa aaarv ef- ,
(MtlTFl/ thaa kr aUawlag the 1
laapreaalaa ta B? akraat that, L
after Mare thaa a rear at aeelaaUa
at the White Haaae. he waa
ta a*ala aaake hla anearaan la
pahUe. aat that hefaee Caavreaa.
t waa recalled that la paat
Feara at Mr- H 11 aaa alalialatratlaa.
eaperlallr tfarlag the I
war. that the ?antlaa ( what 1
the PreaMeat Iateade4 ta aay Ih '
hla aeaaace waa arrrraaal la all '
dlHrunaloaa aa< arrrahatawat *
aar ather aahjeet thea hefare 1
the pabllc.
It waa learaed late yeaterta? 1
la aeaal-aMelal aaartera that the 1
I Prealdeat waall aat ia ta the *
| Capitol. '
L *
Supreme Court Decides J
Coal and Rail Companies
Were Monopoly. j
j Following closely the lines laid J
jdown in the Reading decision, the j
Supreme Court of the United States 1
yesterday ordered dissolution of the 1
, Lehigh Valley companies on the 1
) gr und that the intercorporate or- ,
ganization operated in restraint of
trade and competition In the anthra- *
cite coal industry.
j The Supreme Court reversed the 1
decision of the united States District
Court for the Southern District
of New York with respect to all of
the corporate organizations affected
with the exception of the New York j
and Middle Coal Field Railroad <*oal ?
Company, the G. M. Markle Company,
the Girard Trust Company and the
individual defendants Bills arainst 1
those parties were ordered dismissed. '
The decision has the effect of or- |
dering the dissolution of "the eombi,
ration effected through the interJccrporate
relations subsisting be*
J twecn the Lehigh Valley Railroad
| Company, the Lehigh Valley Coal '
Company, Coxc Brothers and Com- [
pany. Inc.. the Delaware, Susquehan- j
: na and Schylkill Railroad Company
and the Lehigh Sale Company, with 1
such provisions for the disposition
; of all shares of stocks, bonds, or
l other evidences of indebtedness and
j of all property of any character, of !
i any one of said companies owned or
| in any manner controlled by any
other of them as may be necessary
to establish their entire indepen- I
dence of and from each other."
j The suit, brought by the Federal
government in March. 1914. sought
: dissolution of the Intercorporate 1
; relations of the defendants on the
ground that they "were so united
: that they constituted a combination ,
| in restraint of interstate trade and
I commerce in anthracite coal and an
attempt to monopolize and an actual
monopolisation of a part of auch
commerce, in violation of the Antitrust
The annual reports of the railroad
company show." Justice Clarke
stated, in reading the opinion of the
court, "that as early as 1868. It entered
upon the policy of acquiring
l by purchase and lease the control
1 of as much as' possible of the anthracite
coal containing lands contributory
to its lines for the purpose
of preventing, or when It had
becony established of suppressing
competition in the carrying of coal
I over Its interstate lines to Inter;
state mark eta*'
! Justice Clarke stated the relations
1 of the coal company and the rail1
road company were so intimate and
' interlaced it is admitted "in the last
1 analysis the assets of the coal com'
pany are the assets of the railroad
Ing made that he had not bfeen In;
vited that he would hold a general
reception to the press and a recepr
tion to Senators and others at 4
t o'clock. Whether he would go to
f Palm Beach, Fla.. from Marlon, was
i not decided. Then he rejoined Mrs.
r Harding and several others Includt
ing Senators with whom he lunched
, ir. the Senate dininsr room. As the
I party entered. Mrs. Thomas R. Marr
shall, wife of the Vice President.
. who was leaving, encountered Mrs.
r Harding. The two women embraced
I and kissed. The crowd that had
followed the Harding party through
corrlor applauded.
Senator Harding will leave Wash?
ington this afternoon for Marion.
K where he will remain until the lat- j
" ter part of Jauary, but will not reL
turn to the Capital at any time prior
6 to his Inauguration March 4.
* Marlon Conferences latariaj.
The first of the series of conferf
ences to determine the foreign and
i domestic policies of the Republican
^ administration will take place In
e Marion next Saturday, when Herbert
r Hoover will see the President-eleci
1 "I arc not yet ready to announce
n the list of Marion callers". Senator
x Harding told correspondents.
Discussing the legislative ait nation
Senator Harding said:
"I have asked Senators with whom
H I have conferred to expedite the
, passsge of the appropriation bills, so
that n6ne of them will go over the;
5d of March. He will thus have the
decks clear for a very likely extra,
seasion of Congress when the new,
>, administration comes in. Congress
- will then be able to work during the
\ spring months if the apropriatlon
n measures are out of the wsy.
r MI do not want the three months
t remaining in this sesaloa to be
SSTWarminl r
ihower of Bills and Harding's
Speech Mark Opening
of Short Session.
Cnox Resolution, Farm Relief
and Immigration of
First Importance.
in a niorui of foreign an* donestle
complexities Congress tumid
prow to the port of "Normalcy"
esterday, With sal la buoyant tod
ill aboard. Including the Preaideato-be.
The introduction o I more ?hfB
wo-acore of bills in the llouae u as
wcond in importance to the appear*
lnce in the Senate or Senator Waren
G. Harding, whose leave-taking
la a member of the upper branch
rom Ohio was touching and hlaoric.
With a plea for oo-oparatloa and
*odspaod to th. body with wk.uh
>e had been so long coaaened. or
President-elect ended an
td dress amid applause.
Galleries were crowded at both
nds of the Capitol. The awaariag
n of two Senators?CHaas. at \ irUnla.
and Hell In. of Alabama?aad
tight Representatives was a cere?ony
Jf Interest, besides which he
tensions were routine. The House
lesalon lasted nearly an hour. _na
uljourned as a mark of respect to
Kepreaantatlves Garland inu Horran.
who died since the pr. vk ua
leasloa. The Senate adjourned ?.ttt
the address of Senator Harming.
Lnf? custom to latrouu.c no
t>"1? before the Preaident has expressed
his pleasure. The appointment
of Senator Lodge, of ataaaanusetts
ana Senator 1'nderwood. of '
Alabama, majority and minority
leaders, respectively, and a joint
committee of the House to notify
the President that Congreas had
assembled, was part of the customary
resident'. Address Today.
Tha address of President VllMa
which will he read la the Houae tothe
probable latroducUoa
J* Kno* peace resolution wtU
n t I ua? tmt Mother tunerAi I
at thaVapltol The President Is expected
to urge the Immediate ration
of taxes and may resubmn
the peace treaty, which was dexeated
at the previous session
An effort will be made la the
House to obtain immediate action
on the bill to exclude immigration
tor two years, which was intrwby
Albert Johnson, of Washington,
chairman of the Committee o? I,,
migration. House loaders decided
th? me*sur? exclualve cos.
sideratlon today.
f J!H?re"0LUMo" of ?Pn*tor Knox
ind r,?hnK ho"i"t,? *<tn Germany
and subsequent repeal of war-time
l!*u,Lt'<"> ,h* bni ProvMin.
rhi^iTe 1" e packln? industry are
chiefly important In the tentative
w5thPrtf*"2 ,or tod*'"
m "Jli "bower of bllU thai
th/nr"""* "' sslon In the
Mou??. the pressure of the seven!
measure, that will makethMr.onc<f
'a the S"late and the de*:.?
4? . departments for |? t&j..
85*',f,s to run the government r?.
he year cJESUTTiaS;
J heavier demands for legislation
| n at any time since the declara'
?! *?r" - 1 ^eaders of the House
tlw hmVF adopted a tentative
program that rails for the
transaction of only the most routine
business until the calling of the p^!
Posed special session after th, ^
auguration March ?.
the Senate situation
Senator Harding- conferred at the
WU? T^deV Vn.
derwood Senator Sutherland of
SK-Vf**" aDd conflt*med his
original stand in favor of any le,dslatlon
that can be adopted for relief
of conditions nationally.
Farm Relief la
The hearing of the Joint AgrlculCo"lml,"?
? means for r. lef
md!T wh0 seeking
credit extension and an outlet for
exportation of the War Fi?.??
Corporation as a mean, of providing
these measures of relief Prom the
fact that several Senators and Representatives
have expressed
determination to support the plan.
dospl e assertions of Secretary of
Tres.ury Houston and Gov. Harding
tl wi F*<1""*1 Keserve Hoard hat
the Finance Corporation could not
be successfully restored. It Is apparent
that Senate action will bring
proposed relief to the farmers In
this way. or a spectacular fight will
mark the Senate session.
Members of the Foreign Rilatfor*
Committee were told by Senator
Harding that he Is still opposed to
any association cr league of natloas
which will bind the Cnltd Statu
politically to any other nation. Senators
Calder. Fall. Curtis. Borah.
Brandegee and Ken yon were anvtag
those with whom he talked over tha
foreign policy. He Invited the fullest
expression of views. He announced
that his formsl retirement
from the Senate would come soi*?time
between January II and It
Frank B. Willis will be appointed
his successor as soon as the aaw
governor $f Ohio it In office.
Mob Seeks to Lynch Fire
Who Slew 2 Officers
SANTA ROSA. Cal.. Dec. Four
men and a woman were closely
guarded la tha local Jail today following
aa attempt by a Bob to
lynch than last night. Tha avtntst
waa accused ?f tha slaying of a
policeman and a deputy sheriff whan
tha latter attempted to arraat them
on charges of contributing ts tha
delinquency of two l?-year-55
The mob congregated aroisl tha
Jail throughout the night, aad waa
dispersed oaly today. The slata ofSclals
were Sherftt J. A. Petray. af
Sonoma County, aad Datacttfs
' StMSk */" Jack,OB* Ssa Fran

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