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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 10, 1921, Image 1

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I r*gs II Sl)e jfaaljtnfltan Jtefalfr
no. 5301.-/ s-gsjsraajars washington, d. c.. tuesday, may io. i92i-^ixtekx i?a<;es .. . too cexts^ i
Boose Measure Is Introduced
to Allow Taking
Over of Roads.
Commissioners to Operate
Business for Public,
Under Proposal.
Jjovernment ownership of all
street railways In the Distrte'..
through outright condemnation proceedings.
Is provided in a bill introduced
yesterday by Representative
Oscar E. Keller, of Minnesota,
a member of the House District
The bill provides thai within
ninety days after Its passage the
District Commissioners shall institute
with the Public Utilities Commission
a proceeding for the con- j
deirnation of tuch street ra'.oid.
or railroads."
ExflaiH Pmrtsrf.
Coincident with the IntroducUon
of the Keller bill. Engineer Commissioner
Kuts announced that the
congressional merger committee
.had given the Capital Traction Company
and the Washington Railway j
and Electric Company until next !
Monday to arrange a voluntary mer- j
The utilities commission is empowered
to bear, consider, and determine
the proceedings of the Keller
bill. It also provides that the
petition shall designate the railways j
to be condemned, and shall state the
names of owners
The bill provides that public notice
by advertisements in the daily
newspapers of from ten to twenty
days be given, requiring all persons
having any interest to appear be?.>ro
the commission on a desijenared
date. Copies of the notice would
be served by the United States marthai
for the District.
Cvaiuies'l Powers.
The utilities commission is authorised
to examine the railroads
directed and to hear evidence offered
by any persons having an Interest.
At the conclusion of the hearing
the commission is directed to state,
in writing the amount found to be i
due and awarded the owners of the|
railroads to be condemned.
Oarl Designated.
The- District Qourt of Appeals is,
given exclusive jurisdiction by the
bill to decide any exceptions that may
be filed to the award of the commission
and would have the power to
vacate the award in whole or In
part if satisfied that it is unjust
or unreasonable.
( In this event the court *ould
remand the proceedings to the utilities
commission which would proceed
to make a new finding not Inconsistent
with the court's ruling.
Exceptions to the award must
be filed within twenty days after j
the commission's decision. The!
court must determine the exceptions
within ninety days after they'have j
been docketed.
To Issoe Bonds.
To pay the amount swarded b> j
the commission, bonds of the DIs- j
trlct of Columbia would be issued j
and the award paid immediately I
upon the sale of the bonds and
within two years The bonds would
run for thirty years, the interest
to be paid out of revenues derived
from the operation of the railways.
The Commissioners, under the
bill, are authorised to purchase
Bch portions of th^ street railways
as extend outside the boundaries
of the District. The United States
would not be liable for the payment
of any part of the principal or in- j
terest nor contribute any money on :
account of the proceedings, nor j
would any payment made by the1
District be a basis of contribution 1
by the government for the main- !
tenance of the District government.
Title to District.
: When t^e owners receive payment
the title to the street railroads
would vest In the District of
Columbia and the Commissioners
would take possession and control
on behalf of the District.
For the purpose of paying the
bonds at maturity, the Commissioners
are directed to establish a sinking
fund Into which, after three
years of operation, there would be
paid annually such portion of th*
annua! receipts as the Commissioners
deem proper.
Working Capital.
Working capital in the amount
?f $500.?00 would be provided by
the Issuance of other bonds of the
District, maturing within fifteen
The measure gives the Commislioners
power to employ sach experts.
assistants and counsel and
ncur such expenses as they may
jeem necessary for the proper con Buct
of the condemnation proceedings.
and appropriates SSO.tlOO out
District funds in the Federal
Hreasury for this purpose.
The representatives of the two
Railway companies and Commls^Biorer
Kuts held a conference yes erdav.
bot. with the' exception of
B .discussion of the merger proposals.
no definite action, either for1
^Br against the merger, was accomplished.
Another meeting of the
Honferees will be held st the District
^ ulldlng Friday
I "We are hopeful of arriving at a
Voluntary merger plan In the next
days." said Commissioner Ktrts
Hand in view of these hopes the congressional
committee In charge of
;* matter has agreed to withhold
Hetlon until nsxt Monday, if, at
Be ?nd of this time, we are unable
agree, the matter will be taken
^KgisXati** ?oram'ttM! settled by
Plans Fight
On High Prices
(Copyright, Cnderwt-od and 1'nderwood.)
Wlo kaa be?a appointed apeeial
aaalataal to Attaraej Graertl
Doackrrtj to laTMrtlgatf the
alkfrd roaiklaitioaa maintalaei
to keep op the hlfrh
President Asks Masons to
Help Country During
Comparing his Presidential duties
to a trip "across the hot sands" of
the 8hrine. President Warren G.
Hardinp. in a brief address during
the ceremonies Attending the Initiation
of seveaty candidates of
membership in Almas Temple, of
the National league of Masonic
dubs, at Poli's Theater last night,
assured the large audience which
taxed the auditorium to its rapacity.
that he was "more than
pleased to cast aside the duties and
indulge in merrymaking."
More than 3.000 persons, including
members of the Almas Temple
and representatives of every temple
in this country and Canada,
crowded into the large auditorium,
while several thousand wer?- denied
admissiott owing to lack of seating
to Klalah.
President Harding. accompanied
by his Secretary. George 13. Chris- j
tian; his physician. Brig. Gen.
Charles E. Sawyer, and a friend. F.
M Ransbottom, of Zanesville. Ohio,
arrived at the thrater shortly after
9 o'clock and participated in the
festivities until an early hour this
more ably assist than the 500.000
"It is my desire to bring conditions
in this country to a pre-war
basis, and in this matter I can
think of no body of men who could
more ably assist than the 500.000
nobles of the Mystic Shrine in this
country," said President Harding.
"I take this opportunity to urge
every noble in the country to lend
me their valuable assistance in this
most important matter.
"There are plenty of people in
this country who are welling to
help the President, but most of tbem
are desirous of helping in their
own way. I do not say this as a
complaint, for I have always been
able to realise the viewpoint of the
other party, and all suggestions are
Praises Frateraallaaa.
The President referred to the
value of fraternalism among men
and nations, and reassured the assembled
nobles that he was at all
times pleased to attend the cere-j
monies of fraternal organisations.
In the vast audience were fifteen!
Secretary of Navy Brands Na
tive Charge of Cruelty as
"Same Old Rot." *
"It is the same old rot."
This was Secretary of the Navy
Denby's description of charges published
yesterday that more than 10.000
Haitians had died in internment
camps in that country.# and
that Gen. Smedley Butler, of the
Marine Corps, gun in hand, had
broken up a meeting of the Haitian
Charges of use of the "water
cure" and other tortures upon the
Haitians have been the subject of
Investigation by Maj. Gen. John A.
Lejeune. commandant of the Marine
Corps, and Rear Admiral Harry
S. Knapp, without confirmation.
Secretary Denby says he would
welcome investigation by Congress.
' * =i
oday will b. .(oaad as l?llrntr-4
below t
Tke Weather Face IS I
Editorial Pace 4
faelety Pace 5
*ort? Pace
?W?? Pacea ?-T
Plaaaetal New, Pacea ?-M
Caacren. aatf Coart
Calendars Pace IS
Tke Gum Pace 1?
Barrawed Haakaada. Pace la
Pace 1?
KWa Pacea at ClaaalBed
Ada la Seeaad Sertlaa.
Moses Charges Covington
Got $25,d00 for Service
As Counselor.
States Certain Interests
Seek Control Through
Senator George H. Moses, of Nv*v '
Hampshire, in a speech in the Senate
yesterday against the tariff bill j
charged that Judge J. Harry Cov-1
ington, of Washington, received j
$25,000 a year from the American j
Dyes Institute as counselor.
Judge Covington -was out of the
city last night but is expected to
return this morping.
Quotes Lire fine Figures.
Q^otin^ an article in the "Knit
(Goods Bulletin" of April, on "The
IHigh Cost of Getting Dye Licenses,"
the Senator declared more than $70,000
was spent for legislative exIpenses
in one year, items including:
Hotal bills. $7,670: Tips, meals,
taxis, etc., $876; fee to Joseph H. j
Choate jr., $25,000: fee to Judge J. j
[Harry Covington, $25,000; traveling
expenses to Paris for Joseph H.
! Choate. jr., $1,505; payment on account
Paris trip (Joseph H. Choate,
jr.). $3,404: Evarts. Choate, Sherman
'and Leon. $1,020; distribution of
J pamphlets, $872; expenses of distribution
by legislative committee, |
$497; article prepared and published.)
I $301; Congressional Record and I
[printing, $328; supjflying, address- i
ling and mailing postals and envel- '
I opes in Congressional dyestuffs i
[hearings. $559.
j Senator Moses characterised this!
j tariff bill as a hodgepodge affair. !
j wholly sectional in its elements and i
selfish in its purpose. His action j
marked the first rift in the Repub- 1
lican ranks over the measure on '
which leaders had expected a solid,
! party vote.
Opponed It Before.
The Senator was one of the four j
j Republicans who voted asainst the j
legislation in the last session. In j
j beginning his remarks he asserted I
j that he had hoped that the Amer- i
ican valuation plan and anti-dump-j
j ing features which have been
j added to the measure would enable '
him to support it. He added, how- J
ever, that upon examination he had j
found them purely nebulous and j
: utterly subversive of every prin- j
J ciple of a protective tariff.
While Senator Moses' wrath vent
itself on the entire bill, the Knox i
amendment placing an embargo on j
the importation of dyestuffs. pro- f
j voked a particular attack. He as- |
I serted that while Republican lead j
ers were refusing to sanction other
amendments to the omnibus bill. !
j they were permitting the insertion
of legislation that could be of no1
possible benefit to the agricultural '
industry f^r whose relief the meas- I
I ure is intended.
Cfcargen Monopoly.
"This proposal," Senator Moses '
i declared relative to the Knox
amendment, "is not protectionism.
It is monopoly. It is class legislation
of the most vicious and dangerous
kind. It comes over to us as a
device of th^ last administration,
designed as a war measure and
seized upon by the rapacious who
are only too eager to continue th?
system under which they already !
have made enormous profits, and aa !
the result of which they have enjtered
into agreements of worldwide
scope to assure them gigantic
and undisturbed profits in the future."
In his opinion, the Senator con-J
tinued. the tarifT bill could not be
regarded as an administration
measure. He had looked in vain,
he said, in the President's message
for any suggestion that It was to
be included ih the tariff legislation
he recommended. Moreover,
the Senator asserted, it directly'
contravened the executive dictum
of "more business in government
and less government In business."
(Special Cable to The Washington Herald
and Chicago Tribune.)
I>ONDQN. May 9.?Crown Prince
Hirohito of Japan entered London
today amid all the pomp and ceremony
incident to the reception of
royalty in the British capital in the
days prior to the war. The prince,
who was accompanied by the Prince
of Wales, was welcomed by King
George, the Duke of York, the Duke
of Connaught and numerous diplomatic,
naval and military officials,
all in full regalia.
The party rode to Buckingham
Palace in a state landau drawn by
six horses, preceded by a body of
mounted life guards in full dress
uniform. The prince was well received
by the spectators, who
cheered and waved their handkerchiefs
as he passed.
The prince appeared ill at ease
during the morning reception at
v ictoria station and even more so
at a ceremony at the Cenotoph in
the afternbon when he brought a
wreath to be placed at the foot of
England s monument of its war
^".1" he vl,,lte<? the grave
m'nater TbTy W'rri?r" 'n W#"(C?pyiWrt.
Get8 Six-Year Term
For Theft of Bonds
TORONTO. Ont. May John
Doughty, former secretary of Ambroie
Small, mlsalng theatrical
magnate, was today sentenced to
six years In Kingston penitentiary
for the theft of 1105.000 In Victory
bonds, the property of
Armed Guards
Hunt Escaped
Girl Prisoners
Ten Inmates of Reform
Jail in New York
OKI) FORD, Bf. Y., Ma y 9.
M anted State eon?tubulary.
armed prison guardii, poller offlleera
and reformatory matrons
spread oat over the area be.
tween thli plaee aad the Coaaeetleut
State line, live mllea
away tonight la a attempt to
head off tea girls. lamatea of
the Bedford Reformatory, who
earaped In a Jail 'delivery Juwt
after the supper hour.
The gtrla who eaeaped had
heea at aupper la the meaa hall
aad were helag eaeorted haek to
their dormitory hy Mra. Mary
Stanton, matron. The matron
eounted noaea and left her prlsonera
on a veranda while she
went In doom to get a wrap.
Two minutes later, on returning
to her charge*, ahe found ten
were missing and the alarm wbn
Dr. Baker. superintendent,
nald he thought there had hern
no plan of escape, hut rather
thnt the girls seised the opportunity
on the spur of the moARMY
Department Says Slackers
Will Be Brought
To Justice.
If the War Department g?ts a
chance to catch Grover Cleveland
Bergdoll, the notorious draft slacker
now hiding in Germany, it is not
going to be bluffed out by any narrow
construction of international
law. The department will keep on
trying to "get Bergdoll" until it exhausts
evtry means at its command.
This, in effect, was the testimony
yesterday of Gen. Peyton C. March.
Ohief of Staff of the army, before
the House committee investigating
the Bergdoll case. The War Department.
according to Gen. March,
considers Bergdoll "an exceptionally
bad specimen of draft slacker." and
is determined to brine him to Justice
anv cost" Behind closed doors,
the general told the committee of Intricate
diplomatic webs that are being
woven to extradite Bergdoll and
bring hifh back to serve the sentence
he escaped from when he was
permitted to go hunting for tho
$100,000 pot of gold last fall.
Commends Two *fflldler?.
"The War Department." said Gen.
March, "has made persistent effort
both through military and diplomatic
channels to get Bergdoll. Of
course, he is only one of 150.000
slackers, but the department regards
him as a very had specimen
and we want him. The efforts of j
those two men at Coblenx to get |
Bergdoll In violation of international
law have our entire svmiwthy.
We want to get him at any j
Members of the committee wanted j
to know whether the effort to kid
nap Bergdoll was a violation of in. |
ternational law. Gen. March stated
that it was in violation of the armistlce
The apology made for the effort
of the two American detectives t->
get Bergdoll was not directed from
Washington. Gen. March stated. It
was on the initiative of Gen. Allen,
commander of the American forces
in Germany.
"I entirely approved of their efforts."
said Gen. March.
"Then you would not have apologised?"
he was asked.
"Not one bit." replied the general
"Was Gen. Allen censuredT
"No: his action was entirely correct
from the standpoint of international
law." answered the general.
"But if those men had brought
Bergdoll back it would have been
entirely satisfactory to me."
Bergdoll Got Money.
W. U Alexander. redemption
change teller of the Treasury Department,
gave interesting testimony
bearing on the pot of gold.
On October 27, as he recalled It.
James E. Romig. the Bergdoll family
adviser, stepped Into his office
with an enormous bundle of bills.
Romig wanted $50,000 in gold immediately.
Alexander paid it over
to him In ten bags containing $5,000
On November 17, according to Alexander,
Romig and a woman appeared
at the Treasury with another
big roll of bils and demanded
r? ?
Washington's Fastest
She was read}
? der puff and p
up rouge and ci
the avenue of t
In Next Sunt
Washington's H<
America Depends on Europe
for Means to Meet
U. S. Is Unescapably Involved
in Payment of
This government*! course in reestablishing;
American representation
in the allied councils affecting
settlements under the treaty of Ver- |
sailles has a direct bearing upon
every man, woman and child in the
country who owns a Liberty bond.
This government's interest in European
affairs is not political, nor
even sentimental. In the accepted
meaning of that word, but entirely
economic. Its position, briefly, is
Depend on Collections.
Within the next seven years some ,
$R.000,000,000 In government war
bonds must be liquidated or otherwise
accounted for. The manner of
meeting this obligation 1b depend- i
ent to a considerable degree upon J
how much and how soon European j
powers can pay off either interest, j
principal, or both of their indebt- !
ednesses to the United States. Both ;
the time and extent M these allied ;
payments. In turn, depend largely
upon how sqpn and how much the i
allied powers ran collect repara- j
tions due from Germany.
With the leading European coun- j
tries now in an economic situation j
where the Interest alone on their i
respective indebtednesses totals a 1
greater amount annually than the j
total revenue they have been able ;
to derive annually in the past for;
running their governments. It may :
be seen Jiow remote is the oppor- !
tunity for any immediate collection
by the United States of considerable
sums either in prinefpal or interest,
from her European debtors.
I.ookn to Kurope.
And it is with this situation confronting
it that the Treasury De-.
partment is seeking means of taking
care of its vast obligations, bil
lions of which mature within the
ne*t two years, and the money for
which is not available exc?pi from
Increased taxation, unless Europe is'
in a position to pay off some of her
The total outstanding America indebt^dness
in Liberty bonds today
Is something over $15.000,000.000. of
which over $4,000,000,000 matures:
in two years from the twentieth of,
this month. In addition, there is
over $3,000,000,000 in floating in- j
debtedness and in war savings secm-Jties,
which *1must be mot j
within the next few years. With- j
out payment by the allied powers,
on their indebtedness, this government,
under its scheme of annual j
payment, would have funds far
short of those required to liqul.!
date the maturities.
Refund of I.oan*.
The suggestion that the Liberty
loans be refunded to mature over a
period of forty years, a stipulated
amount to be paid off annually, with)
an Increased interest rate and other!
measures designed to maintain them
at par. has been seriously discusscd
in sessions of the Cabinet. No decision.
however, was deemed practicable
until the reparations question
was settled to permit of a definote
arrangement on allied pay- j
ments of their indebtedness, which
would work hand in hnd with the
Liberty bond refunding scheme.
Therefore, because it was vital
that the reparations problem be set-j
tied, so that the American fiscal.
policy could be definitely determined,
this government took the
course which it believed would lead
most rapidly to a Settlement, and
entered the European councils.
Notice to Oe nanny.
And this same desire for a reparations
settlement is responsible j
for the attitude this government has
taken, and which is understood t<>
have been informally communicated
to the Berlin government, that the
best thing for Germany to do now
is to sign the allied ultimatum demanding
payment of 132,000,000,000
gold marks indemnity, so that Europe
can get to. work.
Once the program of German payments
on reparations is established.
work can begin on developing
a definite plan for payment of the
allied indebtedness to the United
States, and this in turn will permit
of a practical solution of the
Liberty loan problem here, such as
will reassure the millions of American
bondholders who met this war
appeal with their savings.
Growing Newspaper.
r to forego powarasol
and take
garettes to keep^
idventure unobD?"In
ires' Market"
Agnew Chamberlain
lay's Herald
wne JVrtiirpaper. *
Opposed by Brituh ai
France, Say
The disorder which has broker
illustration oi_4he dangers incidenl
of self-determinktion to settle boa
the disturbance is the Berlin statei
had determined to give the Poles i
of a third.
In this situation the Poles s
their own hands exactly as the Its
It is moreover a shining illastratic
the Italians, who defied the whole
ooo Italians in Piume from Slav co:
don the transfer of nearly 1,000,00
In reality the British and It*
solely because Poland is an ally
PDlish strength is regarded as a
As a matter of justice Polani
mineralized pegion. Her claim res
tion as the Danish claim to Uppei
It is clear that without the cos
Germany will be less able to m
allies, but it is to France that this
there seems no justification for a
speaking regions from Poland and
enable Germany to be in a bettei
this is the chief argument.
Harding Kind t
But Presses I
William Allen White S
Will Dislodge Irrec<
America in ,
President Harding is having a ;
sad time hushing the irreconcilable.
Every day they are quieter
than they were
Today they are stirring in their
stupor because the joint resolution
for a separate .peace with Germany
does not move out of the House
of Representatives. They feel that
the President is keeping the resolution
there for his own purposes.
And they fear that the President's
purpose in delaying the p^ace resolution
would be oflly to give him
time to work out the plans of
Hughes and others.
Hold Ip Tariff Meaaurr.
The plan of Hughes is to get the
I'nited States into a league of nations.
Possibly it will be an asso- I
ciation of nations, possibly a world ;
court. But, league or association j
or court, the irreconcilables believe
that it would be the Wilson covenant
minus Article Ten. plus express
stipulations that America
would not be responsible for the
enforcement of the V^r-^ailes treaty.
The reaction of the Senate leaders
to the delay of the House in passing
the joint resolution for peace witfi j
Germany is to hold up the passage j
of the emergency tariff measure. I
This measure is near to the hearts
of mid-Western Congressmen who
are suspected of having a sneaking I
Weeks' Classmate Leaves
Tokyo Suddenly ori
'Private Business.'
(Special Cable to The Washington Herald ,
and Chicago Tribune.)
TOKYO. May fl.?Karon Sotokiehi
I'riu, a rlasamatr of Secretary
of War Weeks and a
close friend of Secretary Hughes,
left Tokyo auddenl? today for
He said he ua* Koine to
America on private huRii^KK but
it la generally believed tbat he
la going aa a apecial representative
of the Japancac government
to present Xippon'i views
on the present unaettled altvation
to President Harding.
There ia an undercurrent of
opinion here that a certain fae.
tion In America is determined
to irritate Japan to the point
of hoatllltiea, which Japan la
determined to avoid short of
aacriflcing ber national boner.
The departure of ltaron I rlu
is regarded aa signifleant by official
(Copyright. 1W1.)
CUMBERLAND. Md.. May f.?
Harmon Bell. 40 years old, a farmer)
of near Hopeville, Grant County, i
West Virginia, was shot from his
horse and instantly killed by unidentified
parties at Northfork Gap,
seven miles west of Petersburg, yesterday
The shooting is thought to have
been the outcome of feeling against
Bell, who was said \to have been
accused of informing on moonshiners
to revenue officers, and had
been told by residents of that sec\
tion to leave. It .is also alleged
that Bell had informed of a draft
Several shots were fired by more
than one gunman, as the horse Bell
was flding through the gap was
hot and killed at the same time
as the rider. No arrests had been
made today, but the sheriff of Grant
County Is investigating.
Wants End-of-War Dollars.
Coinage ot silver dollars in commemoration
of the end o( the war
with Germany !s directed In a bill
introduced in the Rouse yesterday
by Representative Vestal, of Indi*"*.
i .. .j
5r mineral i]
upper silesia
Italians Who Fear
? Simonds.
I out in Upper Silesia is one more !
: to inTolrinf of the principle
ndary disputes. The occasion of
ment that the London conference
only two districts, with a fraction
cetn to have taken matters into !
ilians acted in the case of Frame.
>n of the value of principles, that
world at Paris to keep some io,ntrol,
are now advocating at Lon0
Slavs to German rule.
lians are^-opposing Polish
of France and every increase in j
dding unduly to the strength of
1 is clearly entitled to the whole |
ts exactly upon the same founda- I
r Schleswig.
il. iron and zinc of Upper Silesia,
eet the reparation claims of the
bill is chiefly due. In any event
policy which would take Polish
give them to Germany, solely to
r position to pay her debts. Yet
bt. IML)
o League Foes
iis Own Policy
ays President's Course
>ncilables and Land
Association. * J
regard for the Hutrhes position. It
is a question whether the threat of
Senate delay on the emergency tariff
may not work.
Lore of Aradmir.
For the Representative's lore of'
an intangible league of nations is j
more or less academic and platoalc?
while the way the Representative
loves his job is passionate and sub- |
stantial. And U*e emergency tariff i
bill in Congress is supposed to be
one of the few things that will be j
done for the farmer who has the 2
Representative's Job to give. It Us 1
. a nice bit of politics.
' And The President, who ts sup- j
]>osed by certain Senate leaders *0!
| be slowly moving toward an al
lfance with our European allies in 1
Handling of Foreign Coal
Threatens to Cause
New Troubles.
(8pecial Ctfcte U Tb? Washington Harm.Id
and Chicaro Tribune.)
LONDON. May 9.?Tomorrow will
be a momentous day for England's
labor situation, ^ as the Transport'
Workers- 'Federation officials will!
meet to consider the question of [
action on the whole mater ofrti&ndllng
imported coal.
The Glasgow dock workers have
sent a resolution to the federation j
to call a genera! strike, and Robert;
Williams, secretary of the Trans-'
port Workers, and one of the officials
of the Triple All^co. Is reported
to be actively favoring a
general walkout.
The government is plainly alarmed
at the trend of events, but it h'J*
determined, no matter what raearis
may be necessary, that the coal I
required for vital industries shall
be unloaded and distributed.
The only hopeful note expressed!
In the house of commons on the !
situation was when Lloyd George
said no possible means for bring-1
Ing about a coal settlement are be- j
1 Ing neglected. He added that It '
was undesirable for him to say
The coal strike, which will be '
on its fortieth day tomorrow, has
resulted In 200.000 being thrown out!
or work In Londpn. while in the
house of commons tbfs afternoon
It was stated that 1.834.000 are on
the unemployed list throughout the ,
country as a whole, and 1,707.000
are working part time.
(Copyright. IStl.)
LOSS IS $1200,000,000
Director General Davis of the
Railroad Administration, in a report
submitted yesterday to Chair-1
man Good of the House Committee
on Appropriations, estimated that
the operating loss to the government
during the twenty-sis months
of Federal control will be approximately
11,200.000.000, or ITOO.OOO.OOO
more than former Director General
Hines estimated the total loss
would be.
This estimated loss applies only
to the period of Federal control
aad does not include payments on
account of the six months guaranty
in force following Federal control,
which will amount to at least t*0?,000,090.
Claims of railroad companies filed
to date with the Railroad Administration
total ?CSt.70t.2tl. If the
claims not y#t filed are proportionately
the same. It is estimated
the grand total will be approxlasataly
Insurgent Forces Ordered
To Capture Towns
At Any Cost
Korfanty's Army Numbers
Over 100,000 Men,
Reports Show.
PARIS, May .?At the aceti?s
mf tfcf CMBdl ml Ambmmmmder*
today It waa 4eeMed that
thr allies ska 11 latlrMMUr
tjermaay ? act r ai Hi i ttrally
resterlBg ?rder sa<I f kl ?a
Silesia, and "? ? prrreat fartkcr
iBpacial Cable to Tb? VuU^tM Wm\i
sad Chicsc? Tviboas )
SOSNOW1E, Upper Silcfcia, May t.
(With the Polish Insurgents. >?
Desperate battles for the possession
of cities. Including: Konigshutta.
Gleiwitx. Rybnik. Kandrsin
and Cotel, which are important
railroad and industrial centers,
marked the inception of the second
phas< of the Upper Silesian insurrection.
Orders were issued to the
insurgents to capture the urban districts
at any price. y
( eraua < oaeestrate.
Dr*ad of starvation impelled tlte
Germans to break the insurgent
cordons, cutting them off from the
front. The Polish leaders fear that
the Germans have concentrated in
the cities and are hastily preparing
plans for a campaign to wipe out
the insurgent forces which have
swept over the country, with the
exception of the towns.
There has been bitter fighting
resulting in many killed and _
wounded on both sides, along the
Korfanty line, which forme the Insurgent
battle front. Another
bridge has be**n blown up, making
Volnateers A rased.
The Korfanty insurgents ordered
the Polish miners and laborers to
resume work today, excepting thoae
who have joined the insurgent
army. More than 100,606 volunteers
are being armed Thouaands of
minir* and students are cnter*ng
Silesia trom i'oland to join th? in
surgenta. despite the vigilance of
the frontier olflcials. Tra'nloads of
foodstuffs, clothing and medical
supplies are being rush*d to the
Silesian border from all parts of Inland.
Reports ihat German Reichswetir
troops are concentrating along the
plebescite line continue to reach
the insurgent headquarters. Mors
than 60,000 German volunteers sre
reported to have registered at Oppeln
to crush the uprising.
s (Copyright. lWl.i
French Troops Allow Poles
Free Hands for Campaign
(Special Cable to Tbe Washington Herald
and Chicago Tribune
BKLTHEN. Upper Silesia. May I.
?The insurgent Poles made Upper
Silesia look anything like a country
under martial law.
Yesterday during my trip from
Oppeln to Beuthen. 1 passed through
a country that was almost entirely
in the hands of the insurgents. My
automobile was challenged l*y
Polish sentries at the entrance and
exit of every village, and after 1
had covered half the distance from
Oppeln to Gross Strellitx, only t&tice
did I see allied troops. They were
French and seemed entirely at
home in the srea held by insurgents
I passed through ten villages and
small cities and found in every one
that the people mere celebrating
Sunday as usual. The squares were
packed with men. women and children
promenading in and out
among the Polish patrols.
Glclwitz was the only city
through which 1 passed which mas
not occupied by the Poles. There
French, sentries guarded all the
roads leading into town. Within s
stone's throw of the French troops
insurgents had established guards
on both sides of the city.
French patrols passed through
the Polish patrols while 1 drove by.
A truck carrying supplies to Poles
and others at Gleiwitz went through
the lines unchallenged.
The insurgents were mostly
young Poles, fired with enthusiasm
and patriotism.^Most have German
rifles and are dressed in civilian
clothes. A few wear officers' uniforms.
The insurgents are well disciplined.
I heard no reports of outrages.
The shops were doing business
as usual in every town.
The Germans In the southern area
mostly are remaining in their
homes, although I met altogether
perhaps a hundred persona, mostly
barefooted, carrying their effects
on their backs and fleeing from
(Cepyrigbt. 1*1.)
Wallace Again Takes Place
In Council of Ambassadors
PARIS. May Hugli C. Wallace.
American Ambassador to France,
has once mors taken his position
as American representative in the
Council of Ambassadors His appearance
at the foreign office, wher*
the meeting took place, was the
signal for quiet expressions of
pleasure on the Psrt of hla colleagues.
The day's session of the council
wss devoted mainly to s discussion
of the Silsslan situation.
Armed German Civilian*
Increase in Upper Silesia
OPPELN. May J ?Armed German
civilians In Upper Silesia now iqbber
more than 18.*00 and the *?t?>
Is hourly increasing. A counter In
eurrectton of the enttr, German
civil population In Upper SLisata M
xx. K

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