Newspaper Page Text
^ I _ I
:: :: SU)r :: :: gfasljington Jta'&ld Published Every Morning in the Year by The Washmgton Herald Company, 435-437-439 Eleventh St. Washington, D. C. J. E. RICE. President and General Manager. Phone: Main 3300?All Departments SUBSCRIPTION RATES?BY CARRIER In Washington and Vtrinity v Daily and Sunday, 1 Month, 40c; I Year, $4-?? SUBSCRIPTION BY MAIL IN ADVANCE Daily and Sunday, 1 Month, 50c; I Year, $5.00 Daily Only, : Month, 40c; I Year, $3.50 -T? ' = Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES: The Beckwith Special Agency New Tork. World Building; Chicago. TribuBe Building; St. Louis, Post-Dispatch Building; Detroit, Ford Building: Kansas City. Mo.. Bryant Building, Atlanta. Ga.. 1415 Atlanta Trust Building. WEDNESDAY. JUNE t, 1931. Each cursed his fate that thus their project crossed; how hard their lot who neither won nor lostl?Richard Graves (1715-1804), "The Festoon." Washington Street Railways. XXXII?FINIS. IX CLOSING this scries of discussions of the street railway situation. The Herald wishes but to emphasize the fairness and desirability of the suggested solution. As we promised, our object has been constructive. All that has been said, has been but argument leading to a conclusion. It has been a marshalling of facts to warrant that conclusion. As the finale, there is but the one question, which is as to the fairness and feasibility of the plan to combine the two railway properties by themselves, separating them from the Potomac Electric which is essentially a district utility. As suoh it should be a monopoly and beyqnd dispute, no two monopolies should be combined as one in ownership, nor be- under a single control and management. That is axiomatic. It also complies in letter and spirit with the anti-merger law, which was deliberately enacted to prevent any such combination. To permit the electric utility to become the creature of a street railway utility monopoly would be, in effect, a waiver of this law, a direct contradiction of a principle I laid down by congress itself. It would in spirit be a violation of the law and make it one with "exceptions." Street railway combination opens the way to give this law the complete effect it 1 contemplated and which was impossible at the [ time because it could not be retroactive. Is the plan, then, fair to the W. R. & E. stockholders? It is evident that it wipes out all their street railway holdings. It is just as evident that in a sense it does not do this. As a matter of fact the holders of this stock have always had to ) depend upon the Potomac Electric to earn all, or [ ne---'" all, the dividends they have ever had from j thei. railway stock. At anything less than the ' pre?? .it fare the railway cannot earn them a dollar in dividends. In 1919 the electric utility had to pay them not only all their dividend, but in part the carrying charge of the railway. In 1920 the railway properties paid only $156,000 net or less than two per cent on the preferred stock alone. They also face the absolute necessity of a large investment in almost a rebuilding of considerable of their track mileage. It is in evidence that the W. R. & E. system is far below efficiency in its upkeep, while the Capital Traction is closc to 100 per cent. Where can the W. R. & E. stockholders get the funds to finance this? Are they 'ready to supply it and would th?;y be permitted, if they could, to still further increase capitalization to now make good depreciation largely a consequence of paying $3,500,000 as dividends on common stock? ?hey would surrender this W. R. & E. stock, but?would keep the Potomac Electric stock to be allotted to them as individual nd personal instead of a corporation holding. They would get 4, their own what has paid their dividends. They would get stock with an assured earning of 8 to 9 per" cent, wholly freed from the street railway incubus. Certainly this is a consummation much to be ilesired. It is worth something, too, to be rid of trouble, of jangle, of worry and disrepute. Is it fair to the Capital Traction? Certainly it is worth much to get the street railway monopoly and rid of a competitor who, not able to compete, is a source of public disfavor. It is worth much to please the public by helping solve this endless dispute and wrangle. Moreover, it would get the property at a price on which is conceded the right to earn eight per cent while Capital Traction stockholders are trained to expect but six per cent. There is not a shadow of doubt that the Capital Traction cpuld sell stock alone to pay the price or to take up the underlying bonds. It could, by savings in salaries, in operation, in traffic police and taxes, with exemption from paving, earn the eigftt per cent at the reduced fare. It could take op with stock issues, two-thirds of the underlying W. R & E. bonds at a price which would leave a sufficient fund for extensive betterments. It woiild then be in clover, financially, capable of financing any possible future demand through added capital We modestly confess'we can see no flaw in this. If it ts accepted, a great newspaper and an humble citizen of Washington will be much gratified, but only and solely as having been permitted to render service; to assist our city, and the capital of our country. A few years ago, marriage with a nobleman was called an alliance; now it seems more like charity. Differences Orer Details. ? T IS not probable that the friction between the I senate and the house as to foreign affairs is at all >s acute as the reports would indicate. A little exaggeration helps a lot in making 4 readable story. It was understood but a short time ago, that the Senate had no objection to the proposed house changes in the Knox peace resolution and there has been no marked protest as to the delay in the house action. There is no intention of altering the purpose and objective. The fundamental remains the same, and the matter of wording is not a thing over which the house and senate leaders are apt to quarel; they^are used to having liberties taken with what they, severally, originate. There U much the same condition as to the Borah disarmament resolution, save that Senator Borah may not exercise his usual patience in long suffering, as to delay. It would seem to be of secondary moment whether or not thi* resolution included military with na\al armament, and whether it was made to concern all the powers, or only the three great naval powers. The resolution merely gives authority^ it is not directory! it is suggestive, not mandatory. It recognizes that it is for the President to decide. when and how he calls such a conference, or has one; if he shall act at once, soon, or at all. It doe# not presume to dictate as to foreign affairs in the initiative. It but indorses in advance such action as he may take to bring about disarmament. It docs one thing more, in its evidence of the quite unanimous wish that the President may find a way to bring this about and that he may make this a supreme effort. Senator Borah's success in keeping his resolution before the senate, and its final unanimous adoption, shows that every senator was satisfied that while he might be forgiven for voting against it, he could have commendation onl\ by voting for it. It is a demand too popular to be ignored and irt a way expresses the minimum which will be acceptable, while the league of nations is in hock. It is Mr. Borah's confession and quota of penance. What may be its fcfrm, how far it may go, is regarded of less consequence, than that in some form this people arc permitted to express to the President, their united judgment, that the way to peace is not through great navies, nor great armies. Peace does not come, nor is the peaceful purpose evidenced through excessive armaments. The resolution is but such an expression. The people, having made it; having shown their will, have confidence in President Harding and will be content to leave to him the how, and the when, the method, whether by called conference or unobtrusive diplomacy. But they will not be content to have it end in a jangle between the two houses; nor will it so end. Why do they call it a buyer's strike? Is a man "on buyer's strike when he hasn t the price of a hot dog? , Adding Comedy to Satire. WHEN' Sinclair Lewis published "Main j Street," his boyhood home, Sauk Center, Minnesota, was sure he had it in mind as he wrote. When Claude Washburn published his second novel, many were sure certain residents of his home city, Duluth, were pictured in its characters. Zona Gale has been similarly believed to have taken characters from her immediate environment. There arc as many "Friendship Villages' as there are "Main Streets." The fate of Robert J. Quinn, of Washington, is but that of *11 his brothers of the quill who picture in fiction the realities of things as they arc, or as they see them. There is no such thing as fiction in the raw. Such fiction would be but fable, and even fable appeals as it more or less clings close to human nature. Students of literature read fiction largely as history, not alone as examples of literary style. There is no other complete disclosure of any period equal to its fiction and drama. So when Mr. Quinn took his pen in hand to transfuse his views of life and his ideals into ! fiction, he inevitably suffered the common fate. For 18 yca>s he had been in the office of the adjutant general of the United States army, a trusted and able employe, with responsibilities which did not lift him from comparative obscurity. He had seen adjutant generals pass in review, as it were. They came and went, as it were; he stayed. When writing his "Lair of the White Lion" with Major Inkinpen and Captain Rarehor^e as its chief characters, he could hardly escape composite portraits by including certain characteristics of those under whom he had served or with whom he had been brought in immediate contact. Probably it did not occur to him that any out of these would take all the glory to himself, or be so devoid of a sense of humor as to identify himself as the hero. Yet such was the unhappy outcome. An amusing bit of satire became a serious infraction of military law or discipline. He was at once reported i with charges of "conduct tp the prejudice of the good order and morale of the civil service" or some other such highflown and Falstaffian high crime, adding the spice of comedy to the tragedy which followed. Quinn was summarily dismissed and as summarily went into business for himself with advertising for his book and its hero?incidentally wifh advertising for his chief?which is without price. He became a first-page sensation and probably will have no trouble in getting a publisher. With Dawes placed in charge of soldier relief, we expect to see the air full of flying fragments of red tape. ToD of the Highways. DURING the 19 months the United States was in the great war, 48,000 of our soldiers were killed in battle or died of wounds. During that same period, 91,000 persons?25,000 of them children?were killed on the streets and highways of the United States, with the war 3,000 miles away. According to these figures, the everyday comings and goings of our people are nearly twice as fatal in the total of casualties, as is war. These figures were given at a recent conference on highway traffic at Yale university by William Phelps Eno. Certainly life seems cheap in the United States. Statistics can figure the cash value lost in the 25,000 children and the 66,000 adults, but it cannot estimate the loss to homes and friends. While busy saving lives from other causfes, it might be well to give at least a passing consideration to this one. It is not a subject for national legislation. It is beyond the authority of congress. But states and cities are shockingly derelict in their obligation to their own citizens in permitting this to continue. There are ways of minimizing this death list. Strangely, indeed, no city has yet ventured to use them. There are thousands of users of motor cars who never have an accident by which others arc hurt. There are others who have many such accidents. The fault is mainly with the individual. Contributory negligence should not be sufficient excuse under the law, and anything approaching gross carelessness should never be balanced by a fine. Lenin's fear that he is almost respectable indicates that he is related to the man who called it near-beer. J The reason^ why Europe can't understand America is because our idea, of a momentous question is Sunday bas<?UU. ytT lL HAPPINESS DBPBXDS / ON MKNTAL ATTITUDE. "Farm lif* should be the most attractive life in the world," declared Miss Emily Hoag. who ia engaged in research work for the bureau of farm management, "for no life presents so many potentialities for success and happiness. Physically.' mentally aim spiritually this mode of life offers much for those 'who have eyes to see* and 'ears to hear.' Health, knowledge, freedom?all are the farmer's to a larger ext?rnt than that which any other worker can claim. "The more I study farm conditions?1 have observed them in several states now?the more I am con. vinced that the, mental attitude determines whether farm life means work resulting in happiness and success or drudgery entailing failure and misery. It is very essential. I believe, for farm people to keep alive the spirit of adventure in their work?and there are so many opportunities for that sort of thing in the country where one has such close contact with the vita' elements of life and so much that is new, fresh and changing. LIFE ON FARM HI MAX. PERSONAL THING. "It is particularly interesting and satisfying to behold the Joy and enthusiasm of a family that has moved from the city to the country. It Is a good example of the pleasure and satisfaction that can come from country life?the romance that can be felt. To the members of thia family every animal must have a name; that is. unless they exist In ranch-like numbers. Thus life on the farm is made a human, personal thing This attitude Is alao found among many families that have been farmers for generations, and wherever it exists there the atmosphere of the home, however humble and lacking in material conveniences and adornment, is wholesome and Joyous." Miss Hoap. who is In Washington for a few days to submit results of her investigations, chiefly among farm women, which have been made In s'everal states, is very optimistic concerning the community spirit th?t is developing among farm people. ISOLATION BECOMING THING OF PAST. -About the only drawback to farm life." continued Miss Hoag. "is a kind of isolation that is found in many districts, or rather that has been found, for with the county , clubs and the cOnaolidation of | schools and the elimination of distance by automobiles, 'isolation' is j becoming a word for which it will ( soon be difficult to And a regional I illustration. West Virginia is a! splendid example of this sort of cooperation and progress." While Miss Hoag's work has been | connected with the women of the i country, she says that the men have j been most interested and curious to j know "what it Is all about." "I could never have gotten their i attention." remarked this enthual- i astic supporter of farm life. "If I had gone ostensibly to get some in- J formation from them. But going a* I do. I have been able to learn much from them and to get their help and co-operation, which of course we must have to^ make farm life the happy, successful life it should be. Men are pretty nice, after all. and certainly have a place to All in the home, but women are the directing i spirit of the household, so they, must be aroused to their possibili-j ties and responsibilities. AMERICANIZATION WORK PROVES BIG ASSET. Miss Hoag finds that Americanization work* is proving of value in j making of our foreign elements real American citizens and keeping them from being merely other natlonall- j ties living In America with little j realization of the ideals and standards of America. "A few years ago,** continued Miss . Hoag. "I made a survey of Wiseon- J sin. where I found many people llv- , Ing there for the third and fourth j generation who could not speak our language. They had their schools in which the subjects were taught in the tongue of an immigrant grandfather or great-grandfather,; and little or no effort was made to foster an understanding of the j country which was protecting; them." O. N. E. I Wednesday, Juae 1* 1921, The morning of this day should b? exceedingly lucky, for Saturn, the Sun and Neptune all are In beneflc aspect. Saturn becomes adverse In the afternoon. It is a rule under which to press all matters on which the favor of prominent men depends. The day should be favorable for those who press claims of any sort, especially for recognition in substantial rewards. They who seek employment should not lose an hour of activity while this configuration prevails. Neptune has power to encourage interest in all educational matters, and Interest in many new lines of mental development is foretold. The evening of this day is likely to be most unlucky for the aged or for those who are ultra-conservatlve, for it may present many serious problems that are especially discouraging to all who have passed youth. The health should be watched at this time, since the stars presage exceedingly trying weather. Many daring crimes are prognosticated and again the seera call attention to the Increase of women victims. An accident on the railways that is the result of a plot la foretold and there will be serious loss pf life. Persons whose birthdate it la should beware of Are in the coming year. A successful and profit-, ible year In bualnes* is probable. Children born on thi? day may be peculiarly inclined to fsjta or Mher accidents. ^These subjects of Gemini ire usually exceedingly aucceasful. i Tl i ' >? ' No MMjaoaa f?na?lrntlons will be yrtated In the -Opes C?irt" column. THIS EDITOR. "Interstate Crime." To the Editor. The W??hingtou llerald. It was with much interest that 1 read your editorial in The Herald on "Interstate Crime." After mentally digesting the same I desire to state that "when in the course of human events it becomes necessary" to change the law of the land to meet the exigencies of the day it should be done. You state that "the bare fact that the crime was not only against the state but against the fedeial government would have a deterrent effect.'* In this respect we may consider the federal government as an elaborated community. It would be well if the laws of the land were made uniform. It seems to me that robbery in one state is just as heihous as in another, and the punishment should be the same and meted out the samc to the criminal irrespective of his race, creed, color or religion. "Ai: persons born in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof are citizens of the United States " It is the citizenry in the aggregate that make up the body politic. Your editorial .stands for positive and absolute justice; in this connection 1 should like to note that "there is a picture on the other side." I submit this for what it is worth and hope for enlightenment if I am in the wrong. It seems to me that the police inquisitors often do irreparable wrongs to innocent people by subjecting them to arrest, "the third degree." and often punishment equal to those recorded in "Ivanhoe." in making a suspected person confess. I hold that every person falsely SOCIALIST PAPER RESTORED TO MAIL Postmaster General Hays wlil dip into the government treasury for an additional few thousand dollars as the cost he believes the department should pay for former Postmaster General Burleson's policy of nonmailability in the case of the New York Call and the Milwaukee Leader. Hays has just announced restoration of second class mailing privileges to both papers, withdrawn by Burleson during the war. The action mark's the erid of a long struggle by the Call to regain its mailing rights, which contest was still in the courts for a decision when Hays acted. Hays will compute the refund due the Call and Leader from the date of their respective applications for the denied second class postal privileges. The refund will be the difference between second and third class rates between August. 1920 and this date. Decision to restore the mailing j rights of the newspapers was part of Hays' recently announced Intention of granting full freedom of speech to the press. McKELLAR WANTS HARVEY RECALLED Immediate recall of the AmericaA ambassador to Great Britain. Georgew. Hamrey for his "afraid not to flght" speech in London, was demanded on the floor of the senate yesterday by Senator McKellar. democrat, of Tennessee. He stylert the ambassador's statement as "false as satan himself." Referring, to President Harding's speech at Arlington, the senator commended the President for his "rebuke and denial" cf the Harvey statements. He then called upon the President to take the steps necessary to right the wrong "perpetrated on the American people.'* meaning recall of the ambassador. Prof. Einstein Sails. VEW YORK. May Jl ? Prof. Albert Einstein, Hebrew scientist and originator of relativity, was en route jor Liverpool today on the liner Celtic. The public was so engrossed with observing Memorial day when he sailed late yesterday that he Wt practically unnoticed. 9 IE REWARDS OF l< . ^ " ' "" * Trltarn* | 19*1 will reward fighters msR>> ? 1941 will reward writer*. t Letters to r arrested. and subjected to the annoyance of having their names publicly connected with a crime ot which they know nothing, and when they are declared innocent, that the t state should make amends for time lost; for the indignities suffered, and that the same amount of pubI licity should be given to their exoneration as was given to their arrest. I am not a lawyer, but it . cems to me that an individual who causes the arrest of another and Icannot substantiate the , harge I should be subject to action for false i arrest and libel. I heard of a case where an innocent man was sentenced for life for ja crime of another, all the time protesting his innocence. After having : served ten years, the actual murderer on hi, death bed confessed the crime Under such circumstances has the innocent party any recourse: j He had been branded a.? a murderer. lost the best years of his life, aside | from the condemnation of his fellowassociates; his girls ostracised and his wife divorced. A person arrested on suspicion i* I treated as jf he had committed the .' Kense. Kvery man is supposed to ; b* Innocent until he is proven guilty." yet th, state puts the burden of proof on him. when as a matter of fact the state should assume the Every criminal should be punished, but the rights Of every innocent person should be respected. If the state wrongs one of Its citizens, it seems that it should redress the wrong, the same as it demands a "pound of flesh" when one of its own breaks one of its mandates. REV. J. LUTHER MARTIN. Washington. May 26. Daughters of '61. To the Editor. The Washington Herald There is a saying that of the making of books, there is no end." We can also say that of th?* ' mak- j ing of societies there is no end." I would suggest a society of the "Daughters of fil." How often we hear men say in these days, "now the women have the vote, what will j NewjforkCib ^rpifi* 5 ,U ' ,, I 0U0 . Mci: o NEW YORK, May Ji.?With one foot neatly trapped in the mausoleum that holds John Barleycorn, Broadway has learned that you ! can't have a roof without a cellar. The last ditch of night life in the Gilded Gulch has closed for the' summer. The Midnight Froiw cirls have received their notices. The' famous roof garden which opened at midnight is dark. New Tork is putting its dollars to bed with its thirsts and the I chickens. Gay parties are-confined! to private apartments. The Midnight Frolic was the nightly solao* v?f those who could .not escape thei rigors of the summer climate. Beautiful gins appeared in a j friendly way at your table and I sang and permitted you to punc- j | ture their rubber jewelry with j I lighted cigarettes and they sane "daddy" songs too in such a plain| tfrve way that merchant princes forgot the cares of the day. But their art will not go with i roast beef. Back, they will go. miserably, to the tenements, village*, kitchens and factories that fed tliejp to Broadway. In a few cabarets they are singing heroically to a few sleepy consumers of cheese srxndwiches. Once they sang cheerfully to faces wreathed in lobster claws. The girls are mighty discouraged. Nightly they congregate in the! songless all night lunches, waiting for the Gertie or Rosie or Johnny Dick, who still hold on to a slipping Job in some half empty cabaret to Join them and tell some more bad news. ~ .They are taking it philosophical* | ly knowing that their art has van- j ished For a time they must live] by their wits. A glum reality Indeed Broadway never had so many ' Jt bless actors In its history. The road show |a doomed along with, the cabaretGirls who used to get tm a week ! in the cabarets are now getting $20 ! a week and they must work twice! *21 1 - V Wi j&A MfcJ i .''! The He _ th*y do With It? Will things be better or worse?" Let the "Daughters of ' l" K"?v< | the answer." Let them lead the may! Let them clasp hands across the chasm, and ! forgive and try to forget their differences! Let them cherish the memory of Lee as of Grant, of Stuart as of Thomas! Bull Kun and 1 Gettysburg. Chancellorsville and Appomatox and ihe common heritage of the American people! Let them insist that the heroes of the south as well as those of the north shall be honored in our national cemetery. The fight which our husband* and fathers fought, made possible a stronger union than we ever knew. Our sons and grandsons have been fighting side by side in the world war. Shall we withhold from them the precious privilege of seeing their honored dead placed in g-round consecrated to their nation s ! heroes? 1 The daughters of *?1 have a great and glorious opportunity before 1 them. They can do much to keep I alive true American ideas I^et them vote that our beloved America shall be strong to defend ! its rights, and shall set the example of justice and rightousness to all , I the earth. , THE WIFE OK A NORTHERN SOLDIER. Wants Slacker List Printed. I To the EDM. Tb? WKkinff* Hetali: I say publish the slacker listThose whose names erroneously appear have nothing to fear from publicity. Their own conscience is clear: their friends and all parties interestea knos* the facts; nobody who ia innocent i? worried, and no harm cAn be done. So far the slack- j ers have been successfully hidden j from public view, scandalous though it is. and to further screen them Is a rank ou'rage to the feelinr* and patriotism of those who answered their country's call. To refuse publication of the slacker liat amacks. too much of the pro-slacker propagandists (retting in their work. Publish the list! J r. X. * /DayByfiayf i ilTYRB' *' 1 |Lj as hard. The pretty boys wit * their banjos who sang in the moon spotlight clothed In natty white' flannels are breakfasting on a bottle of milk and a cigarette. One standing under the carriage canopy of the Claridge passed this!, remark to a fellow actor who strolled by: "Say. Tommie.' what-, ever became of the theatrical bnsi>.| ness?" Broadway wonders. And wonders. New Yorkers are notorious for. their lack of manners The most! conspicuous example I have ever seen was at the Plax* entrance to I the Central park bridle path. A ( henna haired lady drove up to the I little circle and her spirited horse.11 vexed at the prospect of going to i the stables, lunged and plunged in i a frantic effort to unseat her. She gave a masterly exhibition of < control as the horse fought for ten !i minutes. i When she finally dismounted, the | crowd applauded. A French savant, i who had also been riding and who l is here at the head of a scientific i expedition, went up to her. removed ' 1 his hat and remarked: -It ia per- 1 mitted that one may admire^ 1 Madame's superb horsemanship?" j i "Yeah." said the woman, "if you i don't make It an excuse to take me i out toJunch or get freah." j It was a cheap retort which won the giggling approval of the stable ? boys and the courtly Frenchman, i bowed stiffly, squared his shoulders ? and walked away?his face white t from undeserved humiliation. i A carelessly tossed cigarette fell ' into a Huckster s wagon on Forty- 1 second street and before be noticed 1 It his wagon was In flames. His < dav's supply of fruit was ruined 1 And he sat on the curb and wept. A trivial incident perhaps, but one that contains a& much heart inter- * est as the big factory fires that are i headlined acroaa the front page. j The huckster was blind WIDKBIDAT, JCKB L, ML 1KE1AL CtSCUTI VIA RADIO V16BTLT. There Ia music la th? air practically every night here la Washington Not a church chotr. a corner harmony party, a vaudeviii* ihow nor the nozt door phonograph. It la the hind of mupic that only the electrical oar* of the radio receiving apparatus can pick up out yf the ether and turn Into sound aravea audible to the human ear. Many radio amateurs here la Washington treat their friend# to LOBcerU and theae can be held nearly every night. For some time the Friday night phonograph concert* of NFS. tha naval air station at Boiling Held. have been enjoyed via radio telephone These have been preceded by the reading of a abort technical bulletin. # Station 3BAX. manned by W. O. Eldridge, has juat begun to send out concert* every Monday. Wedneaday and Saturday evenings, beginning at 7:19 o'clock. When Washington radios are not sending, the chances of hearing Pittsburgh music are good. The Westinghouse station RPKA. from 8:30 to 9:19 o'clock, usually holds an aerial concert All or thoae stations send on about 3^9 meters The aimple radio aet that is the starting for every radio expert ia all that is needed to receive the music. The same sets that receive the dots and dashes of the international code can also receive radiophcme conversations and musit But the sending by rsdiophone is a more complicated propoaition. Only a few stations are equipped to do thia. I.EARMX. TO Pitt:*<-RIME FOR KICK RIYKR. An Intensive atud> ??f stream pollution with special regard to the establishment of a general plan by which any polluted stream in the United States might be purifit-d at a minimum expense bus recently been begun by the I'nited HUUs public health service. As is well known, a pollute! stream tends to purify itself, but it# power in this direction depends on the a mown i and character of toe ' original pollution, on the volum? and speed of the current, and on the extent to which new pollution is added along its course. The service h*a selected for atudv the Chicago main drainage channel and the Illinois river, which empti., into the Miasissippi. chief], b*c?u*? all the primary pollution of this stream originates in Chicago snl is accurately ascertainable, both ? to amount and character Analys-s taken along the course of the canal and river will determine the degree and nature of the changes that take place in it. Where new pollution t must be ascertained, and its effect I is added, its amount and charart-' ] on the old pollution learned. This I last la important, for it is quit* possible that sundry industrial wastes might neutralise each other or might desir* > . ertain types of organic pollution. Similar work was done on the Ohio river from 1?I4 to 1?I7. and the preamt study is to check the results obtained there The final object is to establish fundamental quantative relationship, between bacteriological and chemical pollution ..f , stream ?n the one hand and basic principle!*. ?uch as population. industrial wastes stream flow and prevailing temperature on the other Th?s* relationships, once established, mi guide the sanitary engineers as "stream doctors" in preacribing for a sick stream the sort of tonic required to restore It t? health, and thereby make it available for human consumption or industrial purposes. or both, as may be desired The work in Illinois is in immediate charge of J. K tWkinv associate sanitary engineer of the C. S. public health service, and is under the general supervision of Surgeon W. H. Frost BEDRt li*t KIM. THF.H * BY MEAT Ol; rOl.D. Bedbugs are easily gotten rid of. says a recent publication of the V. 1 S. public health service, by exposing them to extremes of temperature. Cold as low as 17 degrees ^ Fahrenheit aboye xero or as high ?is 100 degrees Fahrenheit above, if continued for two or thre* days, m ill destroy them. The cold might be applied in the north, for instance, in country houses w hose owners leave them unoo upiod during the winter, or in houses that can be evacuated for a few days. No suggestions are offered to the heat end of the problem, but a roaring furnace for two or three August days might aerve. if the ownera could camp out for the interval. YIRGI* ISLAYD* (tROW 1EA IM.AM) COTTO*. Cotton raising has become one of the principal industries of the Virgin islands. Uncle Sam> newest territorial possession, according to Bulletin No. 1. sea island cotton in St. Croix, of the Virgin islands agricultural experiment station. >ust issued by the I'nited Statea department of agriculture. Sea island cotton, the much prised long staple variety which has been i rendered almost extinct in conti- I nental I'nited States by the boll weevil, is the basis of the Virgin ) Islands industry. The area devoted Lo It. while as yet small, produced an average yield of 1.000 pounds of seed cotton to the acre in 1519 and 1520. One of the plats at the government experiment station proluced at the rate of 4.4S0 pounds of ?eed cotton. Since the establishment of the experiment station in 1911 the aim has been to secure varieties of cotton resistant or immune to the blister mite, and which also posses?, a heavy bearing quality with extra ong. fine lint A series of experiments has been undertaken in crossing sea island with other varieties in the hope of getting a lore remunerative type Some of theae hybrids show an fcven heavier yield than pure s??a aland, while retaining the desirable -hsracteristics of the latter and the resistant qualities of the other variety. There are echoes and echoes A ^ larmonic echo differa in pitch fron% 1 he original sound; aometimes by an >ctave. aometimes by a third, or a Ifth. Some of the satellites of Jupiter vers diacovered photographically ind have never been aeen except on photographic plates.