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NO. 5419 WASHINGTON. D. C., .TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 6, 1921. 52* ?* ONE CENT
Says Change Will Come
DOES NOT EXPECT
Leader Thinks Cause Is
Gaining, and Decries
(Bpacial Cable to The Washington Herald
ad Chicago Tribune.)
By DONALD STO*K.
BERLIN, Sept. 3??4 haaeellor
Wlrth. peiklnx at a mami
meet Inn; at the Madthaua yesteriaj.
defended the memory of
H,rT Eribepger aaalnM aeeuaa.
tloaa of treaaoa at the time of
the arntUtire and following It.
At the same time he hltterly
acored the reaetloaarlen. uyini;
those who fled from Germany
after their demand for peare on
term? were the name people
whp were reapoaalhle for the
fatal altimatum of July, 1*14.
The ehaaeellor declared that
Herr Knbe^ger atarted the
analatlee aeaotlatloaa hy order
' PHaee Max vor lladen and
aljrned them hy order of Marshal
?p- ^ Irth ??aId that renrtlon
"rnlaln* Ita head onee more
and that the aovernment would
ae all Ita power* to atop ft at
the aourre. Freedom wan too
hard won to be made the aubJoct
of derlalon from the reactionaries
nnd exploited by them,
MUXICH. Bavaria. Sept. 5.?That
Germany will return to a monarchy
and will return through the free
will of the German people, was the
prediction made here today by Field
Marshal Von LudeodorfT. in voicing: i
his views on the present conflict
between the north and Bavaria,
where the great military strategist,
though a Prussian, has made his
"It will come not today nor tomorrow.
nor the day after, and not
by forc? but by free will of the
r people." declared Ludendorff. discussing
the sudden alarm of the
Berlin government over what he
called the growth of raonarchial
sentiment in Germany.
Define* the Struggle.
LudendorfT Insisted that the pres-I
ent struggle was not one between
republicanism and monarchism. as
the Berlin government would have
its own people and the world believe.
but a struggle between "a
Socialistic republic, which Is not
democratic, and a monarchy that
would be democratic."
The fleld marshal did not want to
discuss the Bavarian state rights
clash with the centralized power
Berlin which is but one aspect
* the conflict looming up in Gervmjfr.
"I see but few Bavarians.'* he
said, and added by way of explanation
that he was finishing his third
book and had many callers from
Drawn Up Statement.
LudendorfT summed up his opinions
in a statement which he wrote
himself, as follows:
"A monarchial form of gov^rntfment
is regarded by a large part
of the German people as necessary
for Germany. That I belong to
those Germans I need not tell you.
kI am not a member of any political
V "I can tell you, howeve| that
ke monarchists do not even think
^ f trying to realize our goal and
Bms through force or murder. Our
^Buie is good and it is gaining
^^Lwljr, but with irresistible power.
^^Vents of the last week where the
^^ftl of the people was expressed
^Be proved that clearly."
Republic by Foree.
^^^Bt is this will of the people that
^^^^pared by the government an9
^^^Bical parties upon which that
j^^^Krnment is based. A republican
^^^B of state was introduced in
^^^Biany in 1918 by force. Now
system is to be maintained
^^^Bigh fettering the freedom, the
^^^ ts and standing of the press.
through measures of force of
^^ The monarchistic thinking circles
long and severe times ahead,
do not deceive themselves
^ ut their hard future. Through
BHrht and force, however, these
^K? could not be exterminated
^Ken if the monarchistic movement
Hlceires setbacks, it will gain
fpower and strength through time.
I X* Popular Mandate.
A "A government which can only
He maintained with force through
Vie fettering of the press and suppression
of public opinion certainly
^Ln hardly lay claim to be an expression
of the will of the people."
B Ludendorff was dressed in a gray
olf suit and appeared in excellent
Health. Reports that he is closely
Kuacded through fear of assassinBtioif
are untrue. There was no one
Vabout his home save his wife and
Shoe Heel Corporation
Celebrates Labor Day
RQCKViiiLK, Md.. Sept. 5.?The
International Shoe Heel Corporation
y *l?brated Labor Day by entertaining
a large number of persons from this
*ounty and the District of Columbia
at Ita new plant at Halplne, on the I
Rockvilie pike, two miles east of here. I
the early afternoon, luncheon was
r^ed. after which there was music. I
lancing and other entertainment
Four Americans Give Bread
To Starving People on Volga
Hundreds Fed in First Distribution of Relief.
Gibbons Tells Pathetic Stories Of
iSp?eUl Cable to n? Wuhincton Herald the hard-baked faded yellow of the
and Chicago Tribune.) sand bars in the river flats, whicn
Br FLOYD GIBBONS. br"k th# "eUl"
ABOARD VOLGA RIVER STEAM- Seej> Unnard Flfim.
ER, Aug. 22, by courier to Riga. Settlements are few, and these
Sept. 6.?"Mother Volga." as the 8eemed mostly deserted. We noticed
Russians call her, flows cool and from time to time small groups
placid through a land of despair. plodding along the shore path ??
Up the river from the stench and Kaunt ragged figures that paused
rot of Samara, capital of Want, the ieaning on staffs to look at us, and
stream winds her way through ver- then resumed plodding under the
dant hills of pine and fir, punctu- we|ght of sacks and bundles carated
here and there with stately rje<i over their backji,
silver 'birches. The drought has was late in the afternoon when
touched the slopes with splashes of we steamed around the banks of
brown and pompeian red that form river and approached Staverintermediate
tones blending into pool landing, denoted on the east
? - ? bank by two floating boat wharves
*wr%n viTVfUTT moored close to the sandy shore.
fOMPROMKF WITH As our 0,1-burn,ng ?ide-wheeler
VUIHI l\UiTIllJLi ft 11II pointed its nose shoreward prepara*S
CABINET MEETS guy LESS OF UBritish
Admit Situation oi inur rvnAI>TC
Tense; Road to Peace SLICING EXPORTS
Is Still Open. Commerce Bureau Analondox.
sept. s. ? a majority j lyzes Drop in ForBritish
opinion on the eve of the j * rp J
meeting of the cabinet at Inverness
to discuss Eamonn de Valera's reply J
to Lloyd George's Irish proposals is ; An analysis of foreign trade figthat
while the situation has reached i ures for the fiscal year 1921 made
its most tense moment, the road to | by the division of statistics of the
peace id no yet barred. j I Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Both England and Ireland are | Commerce, sheds light on the manwearied
of the eternal phrase-mak- _ . ..... . . . .
inK. They want decisions Both lner ln which countrle.
Lloyd George and De Valera up to I are affects^ in the decreased shlpthe
present have carefully avoided ' ments to and from the ITnited
any words which would directly re- States.
suit In a rupture. Whatever policies i It is stated that the decrease or
have been enunciated, whatever de- $1.fS4.000.000 in United States imtt
rminati^ei "never to recede" has ports during the #sc.*U year ending
been voiced by either side, what-) June 30. 1921. as compared with
ever "principles" have been laid J 1920, was due to heavy decline in
Awn as the basis for further nego- i purchases from every grand divitiations.
the premier and the Irish I slon of the world except Oceania,
president have always, at the con- | while the decreased exports of an
elusion of their notes, expressed the almost like amount were due to
hope that the representatives of the j smaller sales, in value, to Europe
two nations may get together and and Asia, the exports to other
settle the question. grand divisions showing small inLondon
is anxiously awaiting the creases over the preceding vear.
caoircet s decision E.rop?n Dro?.
The Evening Star declares that imports from Eu droppe<, :0
/ ^ "f" lr" per cent in value, from $1.179.000.1.00
of .he negotlaUons!' It 'earTs" 1'?? '' M 1?1 Of
that the Ulster volunteers are be- ,0*s of ?2?.ft?0000 the
ing recruited to full strength, that F"U?2 Kln*dom accounts for *l?t*
1/1.000 former soldiers have already ono oo? due to decreased Imports of
enrolled, and that arms and equip- j r?bber, tin, wool, furs, hides, other
ment will be distributed within a . raw materials. and manufactured
few days. ??oods. Imports from the Netherlands
The Star declares that some Dub- dropped $39,000,000 all ln cut dialin
officials are predicting the Irish j monds and smaller decreases are
war will be in full swing again shown for Italy, France and Spain,
within ten days. Imports from Germany Increased by
Others are more optimistic, be- $46,000,000 and from Belgium by $13,lieving
that a big attempt is being 000.000.
made behind the scenes to win Imports from South America deUlster
over to a more conciliatory creased $375,000,000. nearly 44 per
attitude. cent in the last year. Brazil shows
~~ a decrease of $134.000000 of which
fulfil I? TIIDI7 ATCMC colTee accounts for a loss of $89,000.Vlllljli
1 lllYEim 1 LllllJ ?00, a,thou*h the Quantity increased
| by 5.000.000 pounds. Cocoa beans.
? 17 A171? 1 ru^hcr' an(i hides show important
I rAVr I p /I |?| IP i decreases. Imports from Argentina
********* IjLl/lUULl declined by $133.000.000, hides ac
_ i counting for about $60,000,000 and
: flax seed for $39,000,000. Chile and
Crisis May Mean Withdrawal Uruguay lost $35,000,000 each,
j Of All South American ^o^om"'",abased to
Nations I per cent in 1921 from 1920. the loss
* in value amounting to $553,000,000,
Our purchases from Japan declined
cvvpvA - O.V I by $274,000,000. largely in raw and
_stu, Sept. d ?The League j manufactured silk. Of the $113.000,.
of Nations,-after .an impressive 000 decrease from China $45,000,000
opening of its second assembly is iwas in raw si!k and J18.000.000 in
farina a ' soat skins. Imports from Dutch
fat ng a crisis regarded as en- Eaet Ind)es increased by $46,000,000,
rtangering the adhesion of every all in sugar.
South American nation. j The decrease of $1,592,000,000 in
'The Chilean delegation has an- va,ue? of exports in 1?21 as comnounced
that if the assembly de- pared to 1920 is not- as Imports,
clares itself competent to revise the distributed throughout the world.
Bolivian treaty of 1904 Chile will but is conflned to Europe. Canada
withdraw from the organization and Japan' In faC*' l?e "flTT ?
In the meantime the Peruvian ?f ,he decreases durin8 tha ,ast
Xunl'SonVu. SEE* hnd ropenn? coXr.es' .ilied wUh ?
SrSr:3 equal Is
are"Jaitirnege1h """? bfC "!fth"y countries ?l^ baUnced^'^ns
, outcome of the to j.atln-Amerlcan and Far
C?nf""Ce' . , Eastern countries.
| The assembly began today to
sWing intc the work where 1t left Increase to Germany,
off last December. Two hundred The t<ftal decrease in exports to
and fifty delegates were in their Europe was $l,455,0b0,000 of which
seats at the opening, representing $825,000,000 was to the United Kingforty-two
of the forty-eight League dom, $285,000,000 to France. $133.members.
000.000 to Belgium, and $95,000,000
Wellington Koo, of China, made to Italy, besides smaller losses to
the opening address, in English. He other countries Exports to Gerdeclared
the League had passed many increased by $180,000,000,
%the experimental stage and had from $202,000,000 in 1920 to $382,demonstrated
its ability to work 000,000 in 1921, larger than the exfor
the promotion of peace and in- ports of $345,000,000 in the pre-war
ternational co-op^ratioft. year 1914.
TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6. igai.
Tuesday shoppers, in search of real bargains, are
sure to find something worth their while at the stores
of the local merchants whose ads are listed below.
C. H. Bready 11 Palais Royal 7
Brentano's 3 peoples Drug 3
Claflin Optical Co 8 ? ' I
Educational 2 Queen Quality Boot Shop.. 5
J. M. Gidding & Co 5 Railroads and Steamships. 8
The Hecht Co. g Riemer & Co 11
W. B. Hibbs & Co 11 Semmes Motor Co 9
Horning 8 Dr. Smith 8
A. A. Housman 11 Sterrett & Fleming 3
Hughes Finance Corp 11 Stag Hotel 8
Dr. Johnston 7 Stock Exchange Securities
S. Kann Sons Co 5 Corp 2
D. J. Kaufman 8 Swartzell, Rheem 4 Hensey 11
Frank Kidwelly 3 Theaters 8
Lansburgh A Brother.... 5 Topham's 9
Dr. Lehman 8 Vienna Hat Factory ....? 8
John A. Many 8 Wash. Gas Light Co 2
Amos W. McDevitt 5 Wash.' Loan & Trust Co... 11
Meyer's Shops 2 Woodward & Lothrop 16
Chaa. E. Miller, Inc. s John H. Wilkins|Co 5
Senate Committee Aims
To End Investments
That Avoid Levy.
TO BE EXEMPTED
Mellon May Ask Repeal
Of Excess Profits Tax
The attitude of the Senate on the
objections raised to many features
of the House bill revising Federal
taxation will be determined largely
by the decisions of the Senate Finance
Committee in the course of a
fortnight's 9onsideration of the
measure, beginning today.
The question of the need of raising
more revenue is provided by the
| House bill will be discussed by the
I committee with Secretary of the
| Treasury Mellon on Thursday. Mr.
I Mellon is expected to urge the api
plication of the^epeal of the excess
profits tax to income on the calendar
year 1921, In lieu of the House
provision under which the repeal
would be effective, beginning with
1 Tax Free Securities a Problem.
The reduction of the higher surtaxes
with a view to removing the
incentive of the rich to reduce their
tax bills by investing in tax-free
securities also will come in for a
good deal of discussion.
This is . a difficult problem. The
only way adequately to deal with
it is to make State and municipal
bonds taxable by the Federal government.
To do this, it is held,
would require an amendment of the
Constitution, which it would be impossible
to achieve if thirteen or
more States were unwilling to surrender
their tresent advantage In
marketing of securities immune
from Federal taxation.
Under such circumstances the administration
had deemed it wise to
reduce the temptation of the rich
to invest jn tax free securities in
order to avoid Federal income taxation.
hoping thereby to Increase
the yield of the higher surtaxes to
some ettent. at least.
Big Incomes Avoided Levy.
Some indication of the extent to
, jrhich the rich baVe avoided tax**
tion in tfils manner is afforded by
the income tax statistics. In 1918,
when taxes had been nearly doubled,
the number of taxpayers with incomes
of from $3,000 to $5,000 increased
sixty-six per cent over 1917,
while the taxes they paid in 1918
increased more than 400 per cent
over 1917. On the other hand there
were twenty per rent fewer taxpayers
with incomes from $50,000 to
$100,000 in 1918 than in 1917 and the
tax yield from this source increased
only seventy-five per cent.
In view of the storm of opposition
which greeted proposals to
levy various new miscellaneous
taxes, when the matter was under
discussion in the House, it is not
likely that such new taxes as a
Federal automobile tax, a tax on
bank checks, or an increase in first
class postasre rates will again be
given further consideration. The
committee, however, might decide
to increase the flat corporation tax
or restore some of the miscellaneous
taxes, such as the proposed
tax on proprietary medicines
and toilet articles which was eliminated
in the House.
Exempt* Foreign Incomes.
As a means of placing American
businessmen abroad on more of an
equality with their competitors of
other nations, the new tax bill will
for the first time relieve them entirely
of taxation at home on their
Provisions providing for tax exemption
of what are described as
foreign traders and foreign trade
corporations are contained in the
tax bill as passed by the House.
Some of the details have not been
finally perfected to the satisfaction
of those interested in the matter
and the provisions will be amended
somewhat by the Senate committee.
There is little questiton. however,
but that the bill as finally enacted
will place American citizens in the
same position which foreign traders
of other leading nations are
under the terms of their tax laws.
The national foregin trade council
has taken an active interest in the
matter and its investigation of the
subject indicates citizens of nearly
all the leading nations of the world
are exempt from taxation on income
derived in other pountries.
HA YS CALLS LABOR
ST. LOUIS, Sept. 5.?"The labor cf
the country constitutes its strength
and its wealth," said Postmaster General
Will Hays, in a Labor Day
speech here tonight.
"It is the country's one greatest
The address was delivered to the
National Association of Letter Carriers.
"The labor of the country" Hays
said, "is entitled to and must receive
fair- representation in all the countils
of the nation. We will have Just
emedial legislation for the betterment
of this great group of our population
at' all times, not only because
It is their due but because by Justice
always we can prevent the Insidious
influence of the criminal element
of the I. W. W. from taking hold
in the ranks of real labor."
A square deal for labor, capital
and the public. Hays declared, was
the only way of solving the present
economic problems because through
such a deal, exact Justice could be
secured and in no other way.
Senator Phipps Improves.
NEW YORK. N. Y? Sept. S.?
United States Senator Lawrence C.
phipps, of Colorado, who underwent
an operation Friday for appendicitis,
had a restful night tonight.
. ) /'
What Do You Make of This, Watson??By J. N. Darling.
| |B M
THAT THE SAME BOYS WHO WERE SO SHY AND RETIRING WHEN THE WAR
DOGS WERE LOOSE IN 1917 AND 1918?
! Jy v.Q f~i -S Mmi I
SHOULD BE SO BOLD AND AGGRESSIVE IN STIRRING UP THE ANIMALS NOW.
MUST MEET NEEDS
OF JOBLESS, SAYS
Problem of Unemployment
Calls for Prompt
Action, He Declares.
DETROIT. Sept. 5.?This Labor!
Day should be dedicated tQ meeting i
the imperative needs of the idle, j
James J. Davis, Secretary of Labor. I
told a creat gathering on Belle Isle j
here today. The present-day situa- j
tion. he said, calls on every Ameri-|
can to put forth his mightiest effort j
| in meeting this need.
"All over the country< a strange
hush has fallen. The great American
productive machine, the wonder
of the world, has slowed down," he
Slek from Overlndnljcencr.
"The country is sick from overindulgence,
and one and all we have
had to go on the operating tables
for the removal of false values.
"Labor Day this year must be the
day to dedicate ourselves to finding
the answer to the question. 'What
will put us back to health and
work and prosperity acain?'
"The problem of unemployment 1
calls for instant and enerrfeiie at- I
tion. Cities, counties and States
should start at once the making of
road repairs, building reservoirs and
other public work.
Construction Work Needed.
Much such construction or repair
is in heavy arrears on account of
the interruption of the war. and
now is the time to have it done.
"A double need -win be met. The
public will be served and the idle
given tasks #to do and money to
"For lack^of courage we are neglecting
any number of large undertakings
that would give a qiighty
shove to the great stalled engine ot
Union Men Pass Up Parade
In New York to Sase Cost
NEW YORK, Sept. 5.?There was
no Labor Day parade today in New
York, the first time in a generation
that Labor Day has been without
its procession of workers.
The Central Trades and Labor
Council. by referendum. voted
against a parade becSDse of the
prevalence of unemployment. "We
have no money this year for uniforms
and floats" was the sentiment
of the men.
The union* having: the fewest
idle members voted against a palO.OOO
Mareh at Atlanta.
ATLANTA, Ga., Sept 5.?More
than 10,000 persons marched in parade
here today in celebration of
Labor Day. Proclamations declaring
it an official holiday were issued
by Gov. Thomas W. Hardwick and
Mayor James L. Key.
Guard Lead* Marchers.
DES MOINES. Iowa. Sept. 0.?For
The first time in Des Moines history
National Guardsmen headed the
Labor Day parade here today.
The women's division of the
union laborites was given the entire
first auction of the ferada and
their sons, enrolled in the Iowa
Guards, led the parade throuh the
streets, on request of the women.
9 ' t '
Will Leave Today
For Atlantic City
Commissioners Will Bid
Her Farewell on Steps
Of District Bldg.
W ith the plaudits of hundreds
of admirers, pretty little Margaret
Ciurmua better known as
-Miss Washington" will leave
this afternoon at 1 K)5 o'clock
for Atlantic City. where she is
to be a guest of honor at a
great pageant and celebration.
The little high school girl
who was selected as the most
beautiful and attractive of hundreds
of young women who submitted
their photographs to
The Hernld. will leave her home
at noon today and go direct to
the District Building. She Is to
arrive at 12*15 o'clock and will
meet .the Hoard of Commissioners
on the steps of the
They will bid her farewell
and In the name of the District
wish for her every success at
Atlantic City, where she will be
one of the most conspicuous
figures in the great carnival.
They will also send through
"Miss Washington** a message
to the mayor of Atlantic City.
COJCTIKTED ON PAOE NIVF
In Tidal Basin
As a popular recreation, climbing:
Washington's monument, an
elevation of 555 feet, vies with
swimming in the Tidal Basin, according
to statistics compiled by
the authorities in the various government
During the last year 339,650 men.
women and children have obtained
the necessary tickets for swimming
in the Tidal Basin: 239.978 people
have ascended to the top of the
Washington Monument, 73,314 of
them having made the trip on foot
white the balance went some or all
of the way via the elevator.
A total of 104,705 people used
the tennis courts, while other thousands
utilised the two public golf
courses, the public baseball dia-~
monds and the public croquet,
hockey. ' polo. soccer-ball and
cricket reservations, to say nothing
of thousands who walked or rode
up and down the bridal paths.
FRANCE TO ERECT
STATUE TO COOK
PARIS, SepI 5?As * grateful
French republic once voted the
Legion of Honor to M. Marguery.
perfector tof the sauce without which
no filet of sole is filet of sole at all,
so the present government is going tq,
erect a statue at Strasbourg to M.
Close, who, as chef to the Marshal
de Contades. invented and perfected
that delicious concoction known as
pate de fote gras.
A memorial committee has Just
beei^ formed in the Alsatian capital
to consider soch things as a site for
the monument, and to arrange for
a great civic ceremony the day of the
RE-ENTRY OF TIGER
INTO POLITICS IS
EXPECTED IN PARIS
Clemenceau Will Edit
New Magazine; Ready
To Defend Treaty.
PARIS. Sept. 5.?Ther? is a big
cloud on the political horizon of
France, and it is getting bipger
every minute. The Tiger. Clemenceau.
whom the Socialists are jeeringly
calling "the old master,** is
showing signs of restiveness. He
has made a speech at Corsica in
defense of the Versailles treaty.
Now the announcement is made
that in collaboration with Tardieu.
Mandel and Ignace. he is going to
edit a new magazine, the first issue
of which will be published in November.
Briand I ndrr Fire.
If the Tiger actually is planning
his re-entry into the political field
he could hardly have chosen a better
moment. Briand's position is
weak. His minister of finance is
under fire on all sides as a result
of the financial agreements with
Germany, and the press is clamoring
The anniversary of the Marne
has been seized in some quarters
for the launching of a bitter attack
against the premier, accusing him
of a vacillating policy on everv
major international issue.
Many government forces appear
to be rallying to the Tiger's lead,
ready to go over the top with him
the moment Parliament reconvenes
Can't Renlat Xew Venture.
As for Clemenceau's magazine,
the Tiger has repeatedly declared
that having started four papers in
his lifetime, he would never start
another. But now he admits that
the present situation has led him
into a temptation too great to resist.
La Liberte. recalling the old
paper. "L'Homme Enchaine." which
was a wartime sensation, wants to
know whether Clemenceau will call
It "the unchained tiger.** and only
Alfred Capus in the Gauloig is al
all kind in referring to the new
project. He says:
"I am convinced that If Clemenceau
speaks again, it will be from
the height of his experience. We
have nothing to fear from his advice.
Doesn't Poincare exercise th??
right to speak?daily, with admirable
frankness and in striking
fashion? Clemenceau's position is
similar. He will be heard with the
same impatient curiosity."
FOUND IN ENGLAND
LONDON. Sept. 8.?The discovery
of 'a generally unknown Rcmbrant
"Birth of Christ." estimated to be
worth more than $50000 is reported
The painting, which is signed by
the great Dutch master is 74 by 8
inches in size. For the past ISO
years it has been in the possession
of the family of its present owner.
Mrs. Catherine Gadd. widow of a
prominent lace manufacturer.
WOULD MOVE ON ;
i# ? -*
Four Thousand Talk of
Marching to Rosiclare
WHO FELL IN PLANE
One of the Crew Alive in
West Virginia Hospital.
HARRISBURG, III.. Sept. 5 ? Four
thousand miners, gathered here for
a Labor Day celebration, are talkmarch
to aid strikers at Rosiciar*.
miners by starting: an overlaad
march to aid strikers at Rosiclare.
The Rosiclare miners, on strike
for ten months, are camping in the
hills, where they have been driven
by mine guards, after a number of
serious clashes, during which several
have been wounded on both
The miners were forced back inte
the hills Sunday night by the
guards when they attempted to
rush the mine. They then captured
J. G. Swanson. mine superintendent,
his wife and three children. tieports
from the Rosiclare mine stste
that they are still being held captive.
( omnuilralitn Cut.
All the wire* have been cut and
reports late today were therefore
meager. All motorists attempting
to reach the mine were turned
back by the miners.
More than 200 miners went on
strike at Rosiclare last November.
Last week four miners and company
detectives were shot when a
general flrht started. Since then
daily clashes have occurred.
Mine guards also have been Increased
in Kliaabethtown. where
the mine is operated by the Hillsdale
Floorspar Company, the Rosiclare
Two Officers and Two Men
Died When Bomber Crashed
CHARLESTON. W Va_, s?pt. 5 ?
The four army aviators who were
killed Saturday afternoon when a
Martin bomber crashed to earth
during a reconnoitenn* trip over
the mining regions mere identified
late today. The names, as announced
Lieut. H. I- Spencer. Lieut. W. S.
Fitzpatrick, Sergt. A. R. Brown, and
Pvt. W. B. Howard.
One man survives the crash. He
is Corp. E. C Haz?.-!ton and he was
so badly injured that he was unable
to tell how the accident occurred.
It is assumed by army officers hern
that the big plane crashed during
a storm. The bodies of the dead
men were badly mutilated
He ? ) Die.
Hazelton was taken to a hospital
at Montgomery, where it was said
tonight it is believed he mill die.
The bodies of the dead men are
held at SuminersviHe. awaiting word
from their relatives.
Labor Day was fittingly observed
in West Virginia by complete
restoration of peace In the mining
For the first time since the start
of the miners* march in the middle
of August citizens had an opporturt^
itv to turn their minds to something
else beside warfare. With the complete
cessation of hostilities as the
result of Federal intervention, people
made the holiday more than the
usual gala event.
Country folk flocked to town in
their best. Local boys and girls paraded
the streets in raiment equaling
that sene on Fifth Avenue.
Scenes in the smaller towns In the
former war zone were similar.
Out in the mining areas families
are being united for the first time
in more tfar. a fortnight. Miners'
families and others who participated
i/i the fighting are returning,
to their homes after disarming.
Gen. Randholtz and his staff, inspecting
the recent battle zone today
found everything peaceful. The
question of removing Federal troops
remains complicated, however. In
spite of the present quiet.
Already Gov. Morgan Is publishing
broadcast the punishment which
will be meted out to the msurrectoa,
particularly their leaders, by the
State and county authorities. He
issued a statement yesterday in
which he promised relentless prosecution
of the miners ho took up
arms against the constituted authorities
of West Virginia. Agala
today he mad ea speech to the postoftlce
clerks in which he lamented
the fact that the 8tate had been
"too lenient In permitting the
radical, the bolshevist. and th? .
communist to come amongst us to
scatter the poisonous doctrines
thst recently resulted in an insurrection
of persons hose minds were
poisoned by Insidious propaganda.*
Operators of Williamson
Attack Gompers' Statement
The Operators* Association of the
Williamson field, through Harry
Olmsted, chairman of the labor
committee, replied yesterday to the
recent utterances of Samuel Gompers.
president of the America?
Federation of Labor. concerniBC
the labor troubles and disorders la
the non-union coal fields of West
The statements of Gompers wee#
characterized ss hypocritical, and
i nmany instances, false and misleading.
He was described as deliberately
misrepresenting the conditions
that have preceded and surrounded
the attempt at an armed
invasion of Logan aad Mingo counties.