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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, October 13, 1921, Image 1

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NO. 5456. grfiSTatflW - WASHI.VnoN. I). C.. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1921.-SIXTP.F*) , .L. UNE c^7
WARD'S ERRORS
PROVE COSTLY
AS GIANTS WIN
Handling 46 Chances Perfectly,
His 2 Misplays
Defeat Yankees, 3-1.
HOYT IS LAST HOPE
OF HUGGINS' TRIBE
Needing But 1 Game, McGraw
Seems Safe With
Nehf and Barnes.
By GRANTlAND RICE.
Gibraltar has fallen. Verdun has
'Qllapsefl. The Chinese Wall has
-rumbled to yellow dust. D'Arhas
backed out of a quarrel
?nd history is upside down.
For the Giants won their fourth
victory by surging through two
wide gaps opened by Aaron Ward,
the strongest sector In the Tanks'
iefense. Fate, at times. has a mockin*
way of leading some hapless
numan to within a stride of the far
summit and then suddenly rolling
his broken body down the rocky
?lope to the deep ravine below.
t-'p to today's seventh battle.
Ward, the brilliant, had run down
forty-six chances witn only one excusable
misplay and those cheering
beneath the banner of the Tankees
had looked upon him as an impregnable
barricade. He had been
covering his territory with both
feet and both hands, blocking the
road for each Giant attack with a
consistent staunchness that was not
to be equalled by any member of
either team. He had been all over
the lot. using the single and double
arab after the manner of Lajole,
Collins and Johnny Evers in a triple
blend of armor plate resistance.
Errors Defeat T??kee?.
And then, in the vital game of the
series before the greatest crowd of
the merry carnival, he paints across
the golden glow of a promised
Yankee triumph the sable coating
of a Tankee defeat. Through
Ward's two misplays the Giants
pushed the two runs needed to beat
'swl Mays in the greatest game the
big boy with the undertow delivery
has ever pitched.
But for these two errors Mays
would have beaten the Giants and
the brilliant pitching of Phil
Douglas by the score of 1 to . leaving
the Yankees^ within a lone game
of collecting the winner's end.
The difference between being a
lero and a goat in this flckle. pallid
existence is frequently a matter of
:en or twenty minutes where there
is no head wearing tl\e crown that
by tomorrow may not be resting
upon kennel straw. The fate of
Ward has been an even harder blow
than the tragedy of the crippled
Ruth. As a result of Ward's one
bad afternoon after a week of singular
triumph, the Tanks tonight
are on the verge of disappearing
into the ghostly fogs of woe and
sorrow.
Giant* Ready for Finale.
With Mays victorious, as he
should have been. Waite Hoyt tomorrow
afternoon might have carried
them safely to the mountain
top with a firm grip upon a lot of
extra change at the edge-of a cold
and cruel winter. As it Is. the
Giants leading by a game, are now
poised' for the death thrust with
Art Nehf and Jess Barnes eager to
jp?n hostilities. For even if Hoyt
itops Nehf tomorrow for the third
ime, who is there to step In front
of the Kansas cyclone in the final
?nd deciding game" We - pause
briefly for some reply, unless a
faint echo answers?"Mays again.
With Mays' defeat the final
,urden now falls upon the youthful
C boulders of the Brooklynite. who.
a? far has been another Atlas holdUP
the Yankee world He now
Bks his chance to step up with Math^Kson.
Babe Adams and the spectaTular
few who have won three
~ames in one post-season test.
When Maya and Douglas stepped
out for their third Joust In the
seventh game the greatest crowd ot
the series was present. There were
H, many thousands dashing about
in dizzy circles outside as there
were packed In stands and bleachers
waiting for the critical moment
to break.
When Pipp's double and McNally s
timely single showed showed the
Yanks in front as early the second
round, their numerous supporters
were as full of pep as the air at
hawn. Mays was 6n the edge of a
big day. one of his best, and that
lone taliy was not to be despised.
Yoang Safe at F1r??.
In the fourth .with Friscli retired.
Toung rapped one sharply at
Ward. Ward had been one spot that
meant Giant death since the series
started, but to the astonishment of
the multitude the ball struck the
f top of his glove, bounded a foot or
1 so away and while*Jie was making
a brace of futile, hurried grabs.
Young scampered safely over the
bag. This bobble was officially
scored a hit. but as Waxd was directly
"in front of the ball even with
the fumole he might still have
nailed his man at flrsfc He had
missed too few to know what to do
with the turn of the tide.
Mays then struck Kelly out for the
second time as Young stole second.
Kelly's out- should -bare retired -the
side but. as It was. Young was on
second, and when Meusel singled the
score was 1 and 1.
Douglas and Mays both settled down
after this >to spectacular pitching,
starting In the third Douglas retired
thirteen Yanks in order nnOl Frank
Baker, who had supplanted the injured
McNally. peeled off a hit anil
broke the spell. ,
All this while Carl Mays was riding
the crest of hig hendearor and golden
hope. He was stopping the Olanta at
. every turn, pausing here and there
to strike one out. He had gone through
the series without yielding a pass and
his control was as perfect as ever. In
ace of weakening aa he did last
Saoday, Mays looked to 1m getting
better and better aa the game rolled
along.
He had two men oat In the seventh
when the crash came. Rawlings poked
C?at>aas4 an Pate Thrm
? '
Bars Race News
Relating To Bets
From U.S. Mails
h/ouae Pastes Bill After
Walsh Denounces Gambling
in D. C.
Race track newa In connection
with betting: muat h# excluded from
Newspapers and all other publications
using the United States mail?,
according: to an amendment offered
by Representative Walsh, of Massachusetts
to the Ramseyer bill
which was passed by the House yesterday.
In supporting his amendment
Walsh criticised Jhe existence in
Washington of blackboards where
the racing results and the amounts
paid on the winning horses are
posted.
Grdups of young'men. who. from
their appearance could ill afford to
lose money on the races, can be
i found in the downtown section of
I the. city any afterngon watching
the* racing results, according to
i Walsh. w)u> also declared that the
; newspapers of the country, are giv1
ing more and more space to news
j connected with gambling.
FREIGHT BURDEN
RUINOUS TO FARMS,
WARNS WALLACE
Prosperity Is Impossible
Till Agriculturists Are
Aided, Says Secretary.'
CHICAGO. Oct. 11?Henry. C.
Wallace. Secretary of Agriculture,
today added his voice to the general
clamor for lower freight rates on
basic necessities.
As the executives of practically
every railroad in the country are
to meet here Friday to act on this
question. Secretary Wallace's attitude
wan received in railroad circles
as significant.
In voluntarily requesting the Interstate
Commerce Commission to
reduce basic commodity rates, the
executives are also expected to
seek further reductions in wages.
The fact that leaders of the great
railroad unions today completed a
strike vote, showing that nearly
1.160,000 have voted in favor of
walkouts for cuts already received,
has increased apprehension as to
what may take place if the program
of the carriers is put through.
Harden In To? Great.
"When freight rates cost from
j one-half to 100 per cent of the production
price to farmers, it Is easily
! wen that an Impossible burden is
being place.! upon agriculture." Mr.
! Wallace said. "They impose a
j differential on the great surplus
! food growing districts that l? im;
possible to meet under present
prices. When wheat was selling
- at $2 the rates were not so tre1
mendous a burden, but at pvesent
} prices present rates cannot be met.
"This is not a question of class
complaint It is not the farmers
alone who are hit. Everybody along
the line shares in the burden
through higher prices.
"Ot course, freight rates are not*
the only reasons farmers are suffering
now, but they are one of the
big reasons." ^
Speaking before the convention of
the National Vehicle Association.
Mr. Wallace said that prosperity
would not.return until farmers receive
assistance.
Price* Below Pre-W?r Level.
"Prices for farm products have
decreased below pre-war levels at
a rate that is ruinous to the producer,"
he said. "At the same time
the costs of production and rent,
taxes, costs of machinery and trans!
portation have stayed higj* for
1 farmers. Until these two price
levels are evened up there cannot
be prosperity in the United States,
j The cry for cheap food at any price
is fallacious!"
The railroa^ brotherhoods, with
approximately 85 per cent of the
men In favor of a walkout as a
protest a&ainst a 12 per cent wage
cut already in effect, went into
executive session here today to map
out a plan to meet the expected
demands for further reduction.
L. E. Sheppard, president of the
Order of Railway Conductors, said
that the unions would be ready to
make an official statement soon.
WINCHESTER LEADS
IN NEW BUILDINGS
WINCHESTER. Va.. Oct. 12.?A
statement issued by a local banking
institution says buildings either
completed or started in Winchester
during the calendar year cost more
than $1,200,000. and that no city
or town of like sixe in several adjoining
States Is doing as much
home construction work. In addition.
the Handley Schools, costing
over $500,000, and a $65,000 house
of worship for the United Brethren
Church are in course of construction.
During the last eighteen
months approximately 250 homes
have been built or started on suburban
lots, the cost ranging from
$5,000 to $15,000.
Ckurck Must Adopt
Broader Siex Vision
BIRMINGHAM, England. Oct. 12.
?The church must accept the true
facts concerning life and sexual
matters and adopt a broader vision
regarding the relationship between
the sexes. If it is to hold the allegiance
of youth. Lord Dawson,
personal physician to King George,
told the church cotigress in session
here today.
Lord Dawson pleadyi for "a
more frank, more courageous viewpoint.
and one in more accordance
with reality." on all matters ol
sex. and added thAt "birth control
has come to stay."
'The difficulties of modern life
are so strong that it Is unavoidable,"
he declared.
REPUBLICAN CLUB
WILL HOLD RALLY
FALLS CHURCH, V*.. Oct. 1J.?
fhe Anderson Republican Club of
Fairfax County met at Qnndry Hall
la?t nlgrht and laid plan* for a rally
to be held within the next two ~t?>?
KLAN DEFENDED
VIGOROUSLY BY
ITS ORGANIZER
Denies 'Charges Made by
Previous Witnesses at
Committee Hearing.
ASKS FOR THOROUGH
I 1 PROBE BY HOUSE
, ????? ^
Love of Country Is Motiye,
Not Prejudice,
Says Col. Simmons.
The Ku Klux Klan, as pictured
to the House Rules Committee by
its fouirl?r and "imperial wizard,"
Col. William J. Simmons, of Atlanta,
is an organisation dedicated to the
promotion of pa^riotlwm, Ifcrotherhood
among ipen, charity, benevolence,
and other virtues.
It Is not, he declared most emphatically,
a "gigantic swindle" for
the enrichment of its organizers,
nor Is it anti-Catholic, anti-Jewish,
or antinegro. It does not countenance
lawlessness nor does It *crroriz
citizens, he averred.
Simmons took the stand before
the committee Wednesday tp defend
the klan. after others had condemned
it in unsparing terms. He
described its formation and growth,
and denied individually and collectively
the charges th$t have been
made before the committee ai^d In
public print. He ofTered a number
of documents in support of his contentions.
one ' them purporting
to be a cemplete account of the
receipts and expenditures of the
organization.
Would **peak I nder Oath.
He rea? from a long prepared
statement, interpolating comments.
Before he started he asked to be put
und>-r oath, but was told that the
committee was without power to
administer oaths. However, Simmons
frequently called on the Almighty
as witness to his veracity,
} and to the uprightness of bis intentions.
/
The Imperial wizard was pleasj
ant-spoken, and made the most of
an engaging Irish smile, and of a
manner of speech that at times
verged on the eloquent. In the
same manner, his prepared statement
*t certain points, might have
been described as "fine writing."
Simmons' vest was decorated with
a heavy gald chain, from which
dangled a large Masonic emblem.
He wore a Masonic ring also, and
In the buttonhole of his coat la?el
was the emblem of another fraternal
order.
Representative W. D. Upshaw, of
Georgia, made the appea;nnce ol
Slmmona before the committee the
occasion for a eulogy, in which he
stated Simmons was as incapable
of an unworthy act ab th*? President.
fought to <lua?k Eulogy.
He said Simmons Is a "sturdy
and Inspiring personality," a "consecrated
churchman," a "God-fearing
citizen and patriot," and a man
of "sterling chaiactef" Ujlshaw s
Introduction was made In the face
of objections from Representative
Rodenberg. a committee member.
The announcement that the imperial
wizard would appear before
the committee had brought a
number of curious persons to hear
him. The room was crowded and
many stood throughout the afternoon.
There were many .negroes
present.
Simmons explained to the committee
that he had left a sick bed
to come to the Capitol to testify,
and that any mopient he was likely
to be seized with a fit of coughing
that would compel his retirement.
Earlier In the day he had been prevented
from testifying by nausea.
The inspiration for the founding
of the klan, Simmons said, came to
him twenty years ago when he was
a young man. Realizing his youth
as a handicap,"he said, he^kept his
own counsel through fifteen years
"working, thinking and preparing
my head and heart for the task of
creating this institution for the Interest
of our common country and
for the promotion of real brotherhood
among men.'*
"Traitor" Took Fund*.
Simmons told how a traitor had
absconded with the funds of the
organisation, leaving many debts,
and how he paid those debts after
much labor and deprivation, and
how the real expansion of the order
began about a year ago.
"During all this time of dread
and darkness I virtually stood
alone," s*id Simmons. "Through
the dark hours Nof struggle and
bitter sacrifice incident to the
launching of this movement, for
over nine long months I had on an
average of one meal a day. I havo
fought a good fight, I have truly
kept the faith, and God permitting
me, I shall finish my course, _with
love towards all and malice towards
none. I shall pursue the right
as God shall give me vision of
th*i right."
His total pay as head of the klan
in six years. Simmons testified,' had
'not exceeded $ 12,0*00. A house
which he now occupies, he told the
committee, was a gift from klan
members, through subscriptions,
and was not purchased with klan
funds. Surplus money of the klan,
be s4id, is being used In the building
and enlargement of I^anler University
in Atlanta.
Referring to the charge that Edward
Young Clarke and Mrs. Elizabeth
Tyler, who have charge of the
propagating department" of th?
Klan. had received from $5 000.000
to $25,000,000, Simmons entered emphatic
denial. The money they
have received* Is less than that paid
by other orders for similar work,
he said.
Deales LLawleuafM Charge.
Simmons denied that the Klan
countenances lawlessness, or * that
members take the law into their
won hands.
own hands.
"We teach respect for law. love
of country, and a closer fellowship
of service," he declared, offering
copies of the ritual, constitution
and other documents as proof of*
Klan doctrines. Klans or Klansmen
Who wer$ lawless would be expelled,
he said.
Simmons alao said?'
Salaries paid Klan officials are
Continued on fan MUven.
Wine Shortage
Turns French to '
Beer and Cider
' t
Government Cuts Taxes
To Eninnrage Use of
"Hygienic" Drinks.
PARIS, Oct 12.?Thi? ft the
amount of liquid refreshment or
nourishment, exclusive of water,
that the average Frenchman takes
in the course of one year:
One hundred and flfty-two quarts \
of wine.
Thirteen quarts of cider.
Twenty-six quarts of beer.
Two quarts of heavier alcoholic
beverages such as cognac, rum,
menthe, chartreuse, anisette, cream
yvette, and well, all through the
long list
This means, then, that the average
citisen uses up annually nearly
200 quarts of the kind of stuff
that can be obtained in the United
States only by breaking the law.
Prance, being faced with a
shortage of wine production, has
taken stock of what her children
imbibe; and in order to meet the
threatened with wine shortage, has
tried to encourage the consumption
of cider and beer by tending to reduce
taxes on those socalled "hygienic
beverages:"
When Parliament reconvenes this
fall it is very probable that this tax
will be debated in the Chamber;
and Senate. It will be shown that;
France absorbs some 1,144,000,000
gallons of wines of all sorts, of
which some 924.000,000 gallons?
the higher percentage grades?are
taxed. In addition to this, France
drinks some 215,600,000 gallons of
beer and 110.000,000 gallons of cider.
The taxes on cider and beer,
therfore, means far less to the government,
and if the French people
can J>e persuaded to drink thes*products
through the inducement
of lower prices, the wine shortage i
will have been met at little expense
to the republic.
HARDING GREETS
4,000 ATTENDING j
RECONVENTIONS
Formal Reception Held in
Blue Room of White
House.
r
About 4,000 visiting postmasters,
postal 'employes, rural letter carriers
and their w)ves and families j
shook hands wjth President and i
Mrs. Harding at a formal reception |
held in the Blue Room at the White .
House yesterday afternoon. Post- j
master General Will Hays represen
ted the department in the receiv- !
ing 1 ma Following the reception!
the delegates grouped on the lawn |
of the White House for a picture
with the President, Mrs. Harding
and the Postmaster General.
Lined up two by two. the string!
of delegates reached from the east
gate of the White House around in I
front of the lawn and down Penn- j
sylvania avenue to the end of the
^*ate arr* a*8 kept the end
or the line on Pennsylvania avenue j
for nearly an hour after the reception
started.
Cireefrd by Mrs. Harding.
Postmaster Joseph S. Wurt*. of |
Lancaster County, Pa% was early in I
line. When the President heard
that Mr. Wurt* came from Lancaster
County he turned to Mrs. Hard- j
ing, asking. "Did you hear that?" I
Mrs. Harding told Mr. Wurtx that!
her father came from Lancaster'
County, and. she added, "He was a
postmaster there, too."
Praise for Postmaster General!
Hays was voiced in a speech before
the Rural Letter Carriers Association
meeting: In the Washington j
rUrv f mornin*. bv Chief
Clerk WiHiam M. Moonejl who
spoke warmly of the spirit of to-operation
which pervaded the departnoi
.r "eW adm'nistration.
th. w "J? that " wa? now
the idea of Mr. Hays that the postal
service should be entered with the
idea of making it a career. The administration
is much the same as
Ind ?? var!L b,uslnes' organization,
to bul?d 11 UP to the highest
suci^^the VoT Per8?nnel mU8t
Must Eliminate Politics.
miT-VfE01 Ret the bcst ?f
men. Mr. Mooney quoted Mr Havs
f? "If they are to be m?de
the shuttlecock of politics. That
service " ellm,nated from the Postal
Mr. M?oney told of the visit Mr.
Hays made to the New York postofflce
one morning at 8 o'clock H?
r;adtchto?Hth,eh men io,,d atrU?
too much onem they W"e PUUIn*
Who are you?" asked ope of the
men.
'.l '" "ayjT, cam? the answer.
1 m the Prlnctf of Wales." said
tn'h.HIS i, J! 1 Bft ai>yone
to believe It. Show me, kid." The
Postmaster General presented documentary
evidence, and the employe
''iKan, to believe that the higher-up
officials were really interested In the
handled. WWCh malU Wtro
Carriers Ckrer Mom. V
Senator George H. Moses, of New
Hampshire, of the Postofflce and
Post Roads Committee, brought a
round of applause from the rural
carriers when he declared "the last
three miles of a rout* are worth
just as much as any In the first
twenty-four."
* "Senator Townsend praised the
open-way" method of funning the
affairs of the postal service. He
protes-ed against the contract system
of mail carriage, and voiced a
tribute to the rural mail carriers for
the work which they ,are doing in
the sparsely settled sections.
Representative Halvor -Steenerson,
of Minnesota, spoke to the rural
carriers, following the Introduction
to the assembly of the head of the
Civil Service. Commissioner J. H.
Bartlett, and CommissU)ners George
R. Wales and Mrs. Helen H. Gardner.
Vrves Ideals Is Service.
Senator Townsend, chairman of
the Senate Committee on Postofflces
and Post Roads, spok% before the
National League of Postmasters at
CUT HANDICAPS
FROM BUILDING,
SAY CONFEREES
Construction Group Tells
Conference Restrictions
Must Go.
URGES DISPOSAL
OF BOARD BOATS
Shipping Committee Recommends
Action on
Jones Law.
Three of the four "fundamental obstacles"
|n the way of business resumption?high
railway rates, building
restrictions and shipping? have
been studied and recommendations
made thereon to the unemployment
conference.
A report on the fourth obstacle?
conditions In the mining industrywill
probably be made this morning,
With suggestions on these before th
country, measures will be taken to encourage
follow-up action in the hope
that a general business revival may
be hastened.
MoM Remove Handicaps.
Recommendations on the building
trades and shipping were the features
of yesterday's general session. "Renewed
activities in the building field
require a complete and promjft re
moval of unnecessary handicaps, restrictions
and limitations both direct
and indirect, including credit, freight
rates, priorities, undue costs in relation
to labor and material?, wasteful
building codes and the like." was the
purport of the construction committee's
report.
"Prompt action on the enforcement
or amendment of the Jones act, disposal
of Shipping Board boats, a
marine code and unified administration,
* faithful enforcement of coast
wise laws, and the carriage of American
goods in American ships," were
the recommendations of the shipping
committee.
Irrtg?l>r Mine Wtrk.
The railway recommendations pointing
to a readjustment of rates and
the passage of the railroad kill pro
vidlng for "the settlement of the financial
relationships between the govern
ment and the railways." were adopted
Tuesday.
Doubtless the mining recommendations
will embody those alreadj
adopted with regard to "definite pro
grams of action that will lead tc
elimination of wa*te and more regu
lar employment hi seasonal and in
termlttent industries, notably the coal
industry.**
< oi?ld Knplof 2,000,000.
The recommendations of the construction
industries committee arc
aimed at "a return to confidence in
values in construction." It 1*
pointed out in the report that "considering
all branches of the construction
industry, more than 2,
000,000 people could be employed il
construction would be resumed."
One way out, the report suggests,
would be through "encouraging
during winter months the transportation
of materials used in road
and other construction work, thui
utilizing transportation equipment
which might perhaps otherwise remain
idle."
The transportation dilemma entered
into the report by way of *
recommendation "in the interest oJ
equal opportunity to all industry,*
th^t "the Interstate Commerce
Commission should provide full
hearings to all interested in matters
of transportation priorities il
the future." Objection to thli
clause was made by E. E. Clark
formerly chairman of the Interstate
Commerce Commission, who defended
that body with the statement
that it had "no Idea of preferring
one industry over another."
Recommend ITnlformity.
Uniformity in building requirements,
based on modern scientific
knoweldge. would, in the opinior
of the committee, speed up construction
work otherwise retarded
,by the building codes which "dlffei
flagrantly throughout the country.'
1 Finally, the committee recommended
that Secretary Hoover "appoint
a committee selected from th?
various elements- interested in construction,
such as financiers, labor
engineers, architects, contractors
and material manufacturers to b<
known as the 'committee on con
struction development.'M , Such s
committee. It was pointed out
would be a continuation of pollciei
already inaugurated by the Department
of Commerce, the National
Federation of Constmctior
Industries and the United States
Chamber of Commerce.
Emergency and Permanent.
The shipping proposals wen
divided into emergency and permanent
measures. The emergencj
measures embraced ship operatior
and shipbuilding based upon an
American personnel as far 4s practicable.
"We urge the desirabllit)
of having American shipowner!
give preference to American seamen,"
the report re^ds. "So far at
is practicable, we Wrge the abolition
of overtime work in stevedoring
and allied occupations in ordei
to distribute the greatest measure
of employment among as many ai
possible."
An active program of reconditioning
vessels now tied up bui
soon to be used, division of shipyard
work, dismantling of th<
wooden Shipping Board boats, ant!
the turning over of idle shipyards
to some other Industrial activity
were the emergency shipbuilding
proposals.
The permanent program took intc
consideration the effect of tffe wai
In disrupting "all normal international
financial relations, making
it difficult, if not impossible, foi
debtor nations to purchase theh
needs and lreatin? uncertainty and
distrust of governments as tc
future International relations, causing
hesitation on future undertakings."
Waats Government to
To this "end the coupnlttee proposed
"prompt action, on the Jonei
act iQ order to extend aid to shipping
and to relieve it from its present
uncertainty, ud that the expressed
policy of the Federal govContinued
on p? ?<???.?
1 STATESMAN DE
i **Pi
ft fw^/-a ^
SENATOR PHILA
SEES BERLIN HELD
OPEN TO ROBBERY
BY PROPOSED PACT
Walsh, of Montana, Says
Europe Could Despoil
Germany.
I The United States, under the i
proposed peace treaty with Ger-J
many, would give its moral support j
[ to a plan to keep Germany power- !
, less so that nation could be de- j
spoiled by the rest of Europe, Sena- i
' tor Thomas J. Walsh, Democrat, o |
Montana, charged In tly Senate I
yesterday. ' "
Senator Walsh, who recently re-1
1 "turned from Europe, where he
| studied post-war conditions, op.
posed the pending treaty. He aenounced
it as "more provocative of
war than of peace," and chargedi
the Harding administration with!
, "straddling" in the treaty the que?- !
: tion of participating in European!
affairs.
1 The section of the pending treaty !
J which stipulates that the United
States shall enjoy its rights and
privileges under part five of the
Versailles treaty would bind the
^ United States morally to a policy
f of keeping Germany powerless aud
. at the same time providing for the
8 protection of Germany's immediate |
I neighbors, Senator Walsh declared.
' BalkanlilnK** Germany.
| "The section of the proposed
treaty providing for the disarma|
ment of Germany," said Senator
[ Welsh, "gives American sanction to
the allied plan to render impotent
. and to Balkanize Germany and to
. prevent her recrudescence as a
military power, while at the same
time it would provide for the protection
of Germany's immediate
neighbors, including Poland and
J Cxechu-tJlovakia, and particularly
j France."
^Vhen the Versailles treaty was
, before the Senate, the Senate re.
fused to accept the separate pact
. by which the United States wou*u
? join Great Britain In going to the
. aid of France in event of futnre>
. German aggression. Senator Walsh
i said. He continued:
> "We declined to go to the aid of
France, but novr we are called upon
i by those who forbade the alliance
. first proposed with her to obligate
ourselves, morally at least, to a
' policy of keeping Germany powerless
so that she will be unequal to
j another invasion of France.
Sayn Poland Militarist.
"Although the United States ret
fused to ratify the Versailles treaty,
_ still it insists that Germany shall
r disarm and remain disarmed, leavk
IHR her the prey of any ambitious
i or covetous neighbor that may care
. to despoil her.
r "I know from trustworthy sources
i that Poland, credited with an army
of 400.000 men now in the field, and
? supplied abundantly from the arsenals
and factories of France, is
dominated by those among whom
the militaristic spirit is rampant. I
! have been informed, and I believe
1 reliably so, that the Poles are now
preparing for war upon the Ger'
mans in anticipation of a possibly
unfavorable decision by the arbltras
tors appointed by the league of naI
tlons council in the Upper Silesian
, imbroglio, although, Germany is expressly
forbidden to provide herself
J with the munitions of war."
POSTPONES TRIALS "
OF LOGAN MINERS
r
LOGAN. W. Va.. Oct. 1^.?The trial
of 3f5 union miners charged with
1 murder and insurrection, which was
1 to have begun in Circuit Court here
today, has been postponed until January
16.
Attorneys for the accused men
asked for a continuance of the "cases,
when they were called in court, and
? the request was granted.
Only thirty-one of the defendants
' appeared la court. The charges upon
which the men are to be tried grew
; out of the armed roaach .of uniOQ
men Into Logan County a mQith ago
1
AD OF STROKE I
feS> 1
pprth^8^s i
i
i
i
:^^HFi. " , I <
^ H ?
k
|
j
NDER C. KNOX.
U ST DELEGATES j
AIM TO REDUCE
GREAT NAVIES i
]
????? A
Will Urge Reassertion of ,
Open-Door Principle 1
In Far East.
11
{?
Br ROBERT J. BE5DER.
American arms limitation nego- J
tutors have had their first signal |
practice in anticipation of the in- 11
terijatlonal meet opening here No- , j
vember 11.
In a thre?-ajtd-a-ha?f hour con-11
ference at tfe State Department ;
veflerdar. Secretary Hughe*. Elihu ,
Hoot. Senator Underwood and Senator
Lodge studied the diplomatic |'
plays prepared by State Depart- !'
ment, war and navy expert*, and j,
were familiarised with the mechanical
outlay to be utilised la carry- ; I
ing through the negotiations | <
Basil Miles was elected aecretarv
of the American delegation, each
negotiator to select his own private
secretary. Secretary Hughes was l
decided upon as official spokesman
of the group and. save for what he
might give out, silence was agreed
upon as the course of the other del- i
egates.
President Isaacs Letter.
With the holding of this first '
conference of the "big four." yes- j
terday. the American purposes In
the arms conference took on definite (
form. The meeting was accom- |
panled by the official Issuance at
the White House of a letter written
by President Harding, designed to I
make one thing absolutely clear: I
The American government does
not seek and. indeed, would not , 1
sanction "disarmament."
This point was emphasised also
by the negotiators, necessitated, it
is explained, by a growing misap- i
prehension, both In this country and
abroad, that the United States
would have the world stack all of
Its armament. >
Wants May la Naval Program.
What the American government
would like to see effected Is a stay
In the gigantic building programs
contemplated by the leading powers
and means for a diminution of present
naval and military establishments.
always with due regard for
the defense requirements of each
nation.
Because armament reduction la in
large measure contingent upon
clearing HP sources of friction In
the Far Bhst. there must be an International
underatanding reached
not an International alliance.
however?among the leading power*
built upon a reaasertlon of the
principle of the open door and accompanied
by definite measure,
tor fulfilling the understandings
reached. . -
Economic Principles Vrgcd.
Practical application of economic
principles Is to be used In bringing
an agreament both as regards the
Far East and arms limitation. Japan's
right to peacefully expand
will be recognised. England s nee?
of ample protection for her ,
marine traie also will b. PW.n du.
regard. Broadly, this constitutes
the basis from which the American
negotiators are starting to work on
their problems The American government
has suggested an elastic
agenda to which. It is declared,
there may be additions at any time
the conference believes its work
might well bo increased in scop..
Secretary Hughes already has made
one additional suggestion _ which
would Include discussion of
trlcal communication in the Far
Bast, whiph embraces telegraphic,
radio and cable Question* this government
believes should be settled.
May Disease F*reif? i*e?ts.
There have been other Informsl
suggestions which seem likely *o
come up during the conference, particularly
the one from European
capitals that the problem of foreign
debts to the Ufilt*d States should bo
considered. If the economic stabilisation
of Europe la to be hastened.
The suggestion has been made by
certain American students of economics
that there mirst wall be sa
adjustment of foreign indebtednesses
beeed upon adjust menu of
OwmthtmU <m Put* Tw.
SENATOR KNOX
DIES SUDDENLY!
AFTER STROKE
Unexpected Death Occur*
At His Home in Washington.
3EALTH HAD BEEN
LONG UNFAVORABLE
Returned Monday From
Trip to England for
Rest "Feeling Fine."
Senator Philander Chase Knot, of
Pennsylvania, former Secretary of
Hate, a leader In the upper branch
>f Congress and Influential member
>f the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee. Is dead.
After many months of 111*?*.
luring which the Senator declined
he Interested efforts of his friends
o advocate his nomtnstlon as the
lepubllcan candidate for the Pr*s?lency.
Senator Knox died shortly
>efore 7 oclock last evening follow ng
a stroke of apoplexy at his
tome here.
The fatal stroke came without the
(lightest warning.
Mrs Knox, who had preceded her
lusband down the stairway with %
he Senator's secretary. Wsrren F.
Martin was entering the dining
oom dpor when, according to Mr.
Harttn. they heard a peculiar noise.
Mr. Martin called to tha Senator and
lashed up the steps. He found Senitor
Knox in sn unconscious, crumpled
heap on the ?econd floor.
* Was at Oglee.
Senator Knox wm st hi* otHre
-arly again yesterday snd anawered
:he first roll call in the Senste. We
iad a late' lunch in his office and
ihen look his usual after-lunch nap.
He left the Capitol about S:li. accompanied
by his secretary.
Senator Knox had returned M?i?lay
from a trip to England and
'ranee, where he went for a restHe
returned on the liner Celtic and
old friends that he "felt fine " Hs
ilept twelve hours each night *>
thlpboasd snd three hours every
ifterooon. It wi? said
They motored through Potomac
[ ark and along the river drive for
:*alf an hour to get the aH*. the
Senator had told Martin, and on
[ho way home stopped at a vaudeville
theater to get tickets for toripht'fc
performance for Mrs Knox.
Marvin snd the Senator All seats
hsd been sold. and the Senator derided
to sf>et o the evening at home,
working on his accumulated Senatorial
affairs.
Arriving at the Knox home. 152?
K street northwest. tb%e Senstor snd
lis secretary went to the library, on
the third floor. About t 40 a servint
snnounced dinner Senator
Knox weat to a bathroom In the
Tront of the hcuse to prepare for
i'nner. while his secretary went to
\ bathroom in the rear of the house.
That was the last time Senator
Knox was seen conscious, except for
Lhe glimpse Mrs. Knox and Martin
srot of him as they were descending
the stairway.
A joint funeral committee representing
both houses will be named
to take charge of the arrangementa
and accompany the body to Its last
resting place. probably Valley
Forge. It wan suggested last night
that.*if agreeable to the family the
body may lie In state in the Senate
chamber and a state funeral held.
President Harding probAly will
attend the funeral here.
The passing of the Penn^rlvanla
solon takes from the Senate one
i>f the most striking eharacters in
that chamber. M/ Knox was associated
with some of the moat dramstlc
International legislative conflicts
that have occurred in Conpress
during recent yesra /
Was lrrec*acllable.
He was affiliated with ths sorailed
Irreconcilable group whl^h
fought to a bitter termination the
efforts of former President Wilson
to have ratified the treaty of Versailles.
Later he was the Republican
leader'to enunciate the general
principle upon which peace
should be made with Germhny.
At that time'his political friends
declared his chance for the Presidency
bad been ruined Nevertheless
if was the so-called "Know
peace resolution." with a few modifications.
which was Anally adopted
by Conareas. with the support of
the administration.
In IMS he had been put forward
as a "favorite son" of hi* State
for the Republican Presldentlsl
nomination and his candidacy had
attracted considerable attention
This led friends of Senator Knox,
during the last pre-convention
Presidential campaign, to advocate
his nomination as a compromise
candidate for the Presidency as
between MaJ. Gen. Leonard Wood
and Gov. Fran^i O Low den. of Xlllnola.
then the leading Republican
|dalMMN.
DeellsH to *eek Pre?lde?ey.
At that time, however. Knox ha4
begun to fail In health and It was
stated by his friend# that he preferred
not to be proposed. He
joined In the Pennsytvaniatdelegation.
after this decision, in supporting
the* candidacy of Oov.
Sproul. of Pennsylvania.
Sprotol, It Is believed here, will
unquestionably succeed Mr. Knox
In the Senate for the period of the
letter's unexpired term. Such vraa
the understanding of political leadera
when Mr Knox ?" beln* ur?ed
for the nomination.
After Juatlce Taft
President ?nd had
Kno* aa Sectary of State. Important,
diplomatic matter* required attention.
Theae Included American
relatione with Japan and partlrularly
the Uattn-Amerlcan countrlea
Tmi*4 South America.
Senator Knox made a torn- of
South American countrlea with the
avowed Intention of fostering
closer and more cordlsl ivlatlo**.
commercial and political. betw?U
(At In America and the '"??*
Btatea. He waa received
and waa warmly entertained diplomatic
principles which he enunciated
and put Into practice are r*nerally
credited with hayja* ineuK
cenHweait ?

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