s: tilfij :: ?.*
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J E. Rice, President and General Manager.
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""WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER s6, i?ai.
THE one essential preliminary to the commer
cial distribution of the food products of
1 this country is to grant to farmers the right
*2 to organize and market co-operatively. This is
| the Volstead-Capper bill which has passed the
, ? House and is pending hi the Senate. It is only
.. the city resident, wholly unfamiliar with agricul
ture as a vocation, who opposes this measure as
, unsafe. The city dweller lives surrounded by mo
ngpolies and what he conceives to be monopolies,
arid fears others.
The greatest waste in this country is in dis
triSutjon. The largest single element in the cost
of foods is distribution. The city dweller as a
Consumer is the victim of this waste at one end,
?(id the farmer is the vtoim at the other end.
The consumer may organize to buy co-operatively,
1, surely the farmer should not be denied the right
to organize to market co-operatively, and until he
can do this, both will remain the victims of a dis
tributing system from which there is far more
j, danger of manipulation of food prices, and of near
' food monopoly than can ever come through co
?1 operative marketing.
Such marketing is permitted in several States.
'? It has proved beneficial and the one and only
answer to the socialism of the Nonpartisan League.
The farmers are quite generally organized in the
? West and Middle Western States, for the farm
end. They co-operate in seed selection, in seed
j' ing, cultivating, cropping, preparing for market
and shipping. They have co-operative creameries
and cheese factories. They co-operate in small
fruits and, in the West, market their orchard
crpps. There are now co-operative State organi
zations for marketing potatoes and other like
semi-perishables, and perishables. There are or
ganizations in several cities for distributing milk.
The fanners have gone a long way on the co
The first thing these organizations find is that
they must have warehouses, storage houses and
stations. This requires capital and business growth
demands more capital and bank credits. For thU
they must be a legal entity- with financial respon
sibility. They have generally begun in a small
way. For potatoes in some States there were
already many local farm co-operative warehouses.
But the result in every case has been a better
pricc for the producers and a generally lower
price to the consumer.
The salvation of agriculture lies along this
way. Senator Capper is entirely right when he
points out the impossibility of agricultural mo
nopoly or crop manipulation. The producers can
? not stop a crop after planting: only nature can
3 that and there should be but one restrictive pen
ality?for destroying food products. This is some
thing equally needed now, as food destruction by
traders, not by producers, is all too common.
The right to market co-operatively, then, would
have to be followed by co-operative distribution
from the producer to the retailer. It would bring
into being not one huge co-operative organization,
but a score of them. There would be no lack of
competition in marketing, but ultimately there
jnould be and should be a chain of great ware
houses for the common use at the chief market
centers, of all these organizations. These would
deceive, hold and ship, but neither buy nor sell.
It is useless to oppose this bill. It is as sure
to?become a law as that this country will continue
progress. It is everlastingly right. It is eco
' nomically sound and is essential to the right and
full development of agriculture. As agriculture
t prospers the country prospers; as it droops, all
other interests droop. It is the source of the
? great bulk of new wealth and is the broadest and
most equable distributer of wealth and new values.
Having supplied hospitals for the rich and
hospitals for the poor, there are now to be
hospitals for the "in-between." Give me neither
poverty nor riches, but just good health to
escape all this beneficent trinity.
Railroad Union Roles.
THE rules which the brotherhoods are so
loath to have touched and against which
jhe railroads are ready to wage a fight to the
finish, even to welcoming a strike, govern work
ing conditions. These in general are national,
4hough differing m details in different sections of
^he country and on different systems. Some are
some indifferent, some bad. Like all general
> rvles, or rules covering general conditions, also,
* they are capable of abuse m application and strict
ness of interpretation. Evqf the Constitution of
the United States developed the two schools of
strict and liberal construc^ohiaits.
Many of these rules are old, are the gradual
product of years of experience and are of attuaj
advantage in good service to both parties. Pro
motion, the choice of runs, and continuous em
ployment are fixed by seniority, a term familiar
in gie Senate of the United States and carrying
the same meaning in application. But desirable as
this is, it arouses some feeling among the younger
? tnen aad makes "hot-Woods" more ready to strike.
\nother rule start* a man'* pay when he reports
?r duty or even when called. Time was when a
am or engine crew might be called, wait arouhd
an hoar or a day, the train be canceled and they
get nothing. This was manifestly unfair aad but
? Again the basis of pay is by the hoar with
** Tftfles as a regulator of time. It was formerly by
the mile and li a trim got out but a Itw mile,
ana Mi hung ?p at a station or on a tiding, the
pay was only for the actual distance run. Rngi
6rtmtn now relt,',l,1 'n? ??>? "re
of** engines. They do n^thave to do th.
rh fm n.?r any work u ??e?hanle. or ma
raisu on the locomotive. Thi. was once re
qmfed wuhout extW pay. The* are .ample, of
role., all having their good feature, and ail
capable of abuse.
It is one thing for an engineman not to be
required to do the work of a machinist, and an
o her to hold a train for an hour or hours be
cause of some defect the engineer or fir?nan could
have repaired in a few minutes. There are cases
?u 5 when ?!?* engineman might well do
the hostlering. There have been instances in the
uilding trades when three men were required to
do a piece of repairing which did not take over
fifteen minutes and should not have cost, includ
ing materials, over 50 cents. It is no different in
xailroad operation under certain of the union rules.
It is these abuses of rules as well as certain
of the rules themselves, which the managers insist
must be changed or revoked. It is these which
are claimed to cost in the aggregate many millions
of dollars. -To save the bad ones the union leaders
are making the mistake of a strike which, if not
won, will annul all of them. The Labor Board
has ordered some changes, but it is quite beyond
doubt that it will not annul any of the older ones
which have been the gradual gain of years and
which as a fact, increase efficiency by penalizing
the roads for inefficiency.
The Communist protest parade only got
within a mile of the American embassy and
was jeered by the French populace. An Ital
ian demonstration in France against America
is a fit theme for burlesque. v
May Reap at They Hare Sown.
NEW YORK CITY is in the throes of a city
election. It is having one of its periodic
October spasms of virtue. It is denouncing Tam
many and lawlessness; Tammany and waste; Tam-1
many and misrule and so through the usual list. I
It is good to hear and would lead the novice to
think New York actually had a conscience. Closer I
reading, however, will show that New York is
only objecting to ? taxes and the it of its tax
money. There is not a note of morals, not a tone
of shame and hot a hint of any sense of responsi
bility for "this condition.
Jerome K. Jerome, once a political firebrand,
has reappeared after a long retirement and in the
opening of his first speech said: "After sixteen
years sitting on the side lines, there is so littlf
real spirit, so little real sense of shame, so little
real indignation left in the people of the City of
New York, that they have to pull out an old 'has
been' like me to tell them." Why should Mr.
Jerome be surprised? Why should he cxpect in
this campaign more than a make-believe and a
hope on the part of the men that the women's
vote may save them from their own self-abase
For three years every New York newspaper
has railed at prohibition and openly advocated
lawlessness as to the liquor traffic. They have
declared the law could not be enforced and should
not be enforced. They have encouraged boot
legging. The morals of the situation has not in
the least affected them. No regard for decency, no
spirit of loyalty, no regard for good government
has influenced them. The liquor laws have been
a financial loss to the business of the city and
against this national degrcdation and law defiance
does not weigh.
Quite equally the immigration law has been
attacked and ridiculed. It, too, is not to the city's
financial interest. Does New York think it can
have this attitude toward certain laws and not
have others violated? Does it think it can have
this general attitude as to law enforcement and
the city's interests and have honesty in city gov
ernment? Does it think it can sow this sort of
seed in its business interests and not reap a like
harvest in politics? The betting in Wall Street is
3 to I in favor of Tammany's candidate. Business
New York is calling in desperation on the women
to save it from itself, to prevent its sins from
being further visited upon it, and if saved, it will
be by the women's vote, that unknown factor
with which Wall Street has not yet learned to
reckon in elections.
The brotherhood chiefs now hope to avoid a
strike. Everyone, unless a few railroad presi
dents, join in the hope with the distinct impres
sion that it would have been better not to have !
called it. ?
Build Musical Appreciation.
WASHINGTON music lovers, who are un
able to attend the symphony orchestra
concerts at 4:30 in the afternoon, owe a debt of
gratitude to the Fine Arts Society for giving them
an opportunity of hearing the New York Sym
phony in a series of evening concerts at Central
High School. There is still an opening for some
other organization that believes in the cultural
value of music, to render a great service to the
children of the city by making it possible for them
to become' familiar with the instruments of a great
orchestra and to form a permanent taste for or
The New York orchestra is famous for its
children's programs, which are always prefaced
by an explanatory talk by Mr. Damrosch, who
has the rare gift of holding children spellbound
with his explanations of the instruments and the
music. The children of Washington should not
miss such tn opportunity.
Emils Oberhoffer, conductor of the Minneap
olis Symphony Orchestra, has proved the perma
nent value of children's concerts. A number of
years ago he started giving a series each season
in that city. The boys and girls who were trained
in this school of 'musical appreciation, are now the
young men and women who can always be de
pended upon to support the regular series of
The best way to combat the movie habit in
children and the general jazz tendencies in enter
tainment, is to offer a better substitute. And the
very best substitute is an appreciation of orches
The way. of hootch are mysterious, but
they follow a crooked path to the grave.
Banks have quit declaring holidays to let
their clerks attend the race.. '
The other end of dishonesty is unhappiness,
which makes honesty^ the best policy.
Husbsnds with mill stones around
their necks?wives who tow the
wind and lit the Innocent rup the
whirlwind! In thle City of Dread
ful Debt domeetlo happiness hings
'on the turn of a card. Marital
bliss Is adjusted by the bank bal*
ance. There are people here who
beast of being broke and smile
over living luxuriously as parasites.
The manager of a great hotel
told me of many oouplea who/ are i
required to pay 'their bills In J
vance nightly for the neat da/- Yet
yet they lire on tira on from hand |
to mouth gaily and unabashed-?
seeking surcease In . cocktail
guzzling while they wait for the
Credit men .In many shops havs
countless pager of names under
lined ^n red. the credit Insignia of
danger, and these are names em
blazoned on society pages as
patrona of the opera, guests gt
smart ' functions and generally
credited as persons of fabulous
The other evening as an awplngj
was spread over the sidewalk of a
Park,avenue home a grimy flsted
old man took up' a position by one
of the iron supports. The coller of
his threadbare coat was turned up
to keep oft the crisp evening chili.
Soon a young woman?one of
those light, beautiful expensive
toys?furred snd gleaming with
Jewels stepped daintily from *a
landulet. The old man. wringing
a cap In his hands In nervous em
barrassment shuffled toward her.
"Please Mrs. Blank." he mumbled
In a half choking sob. "I need so
much the money. It Is a very leatle.
I have looked every place for you."
The lady drew up her skirts, her
face colored in shame and she
dashed up the steps. The old jnaa
was a neighborhood cobbler about
to be evicted.
Kipling said It was the woman
who pays and pays and pays. In
New York's high flying set It Is the
man. At noon you see these hus
bands leaving their office* for the
neighborhood Wall street tickers.
They cling t? the tape, reading !t
feverishly, their brows beaded In
a cold dew. They hope against
hope that something will happen.
And eventually it does happen?a
shot in an obscure hotel, a sudden
mysterious first page disappearance
or the odd crash of an auto carry
ing a lone occupant against a
It Is the brightest little shop I
have found in all New Tork. A little
bell gaily chimes as you open the
door. One feels the Indefinable
warmth of cordial welcome. It is
one of those gift shops with narrow
tables piled high with cheer-up
cards, mottoes of love and inspira
tional desk and wall slogans. The
proprietor move? slowly toward
you back of the oounter. He is
blind but he has the most sincere
and winning smile I have ever
At a soda fountain that is run by
Chinese?perhaps the only one of
its kind in New York-?-the prize ex
pensive Item on the bill of fare is
a "Sun Yat - sen frappe," and it
tastes like It. It Is presumed the
item is named after the Chinese
reformer. Incidentally they have a
Sam Lee sundae. But what most
fascinated me was the fact that
they had Japanese serving boys.
A certain actor on Broadway has
been Invited frequently to the:
Lambs to meet a duke of some <>b- i
scure European country who was |
traveling incognito 1-ere. The actor;
wa? told that the duke had ex-.
pressed a great desire to meet him.
Several times, it appears, the actor
arrived Just too late.
? The other night a crested limou-1
sine with a trumpeter and liveried:
attendants drew up In front of the J
theater where the actor was play
ing. Four men escorted a small,
dark complected man into the j
lobby. The mysterious stranger
wore a red ribbon across his shirt
front, the badge of nobility.
News trickled back stage to the j
comedian that the duke and party :
had arrived and were in front row |
seats. When the afftor appeared he J
made them special bows. After the \
show he learned the duke was the!
Lambs official Italian bootblack.
?'Anyway,' said the actor "he was.
a gentleman of polish"?which in j
these days was not a bad pun at i
WHO'S WHO IN
THE DAY'S NEWS
Will Prince Hirohito, slated to j
be Emperor of Japan, dazzle the
world with militaristic adventures?,
Emperor Yoshlhlto, the sick re-1
cluse of Tokio. who is suffering i
from a brain'
malady, is in a
serious condition, j
over the world
on the effects
into power may
have on interna
Will he use the
he will inherit
from his father
*minci hibohito lo batter his
way into history like another Alex
ander the Great? Or will he devote
his life to the peaceful working
out of his empire's problems?
Japan. standing today on the
threshold of a new epoch In her
history, may produce another con
queror-prlncQ, in the opinion of
Walled in and hedged about by
all the rules of etiquette which j
abound In Japan's monarchial sys- j
tem. the mikado Is crumbling in
mind and body. For months the
strictest secrecy wafl kept regard
ing his condition, and his people
knew nothing about the details of
the dread disease which under
mined hie health.
The curtain haa at last been lift
ed sufficiently to give a glimpse In
to th% Imperial chambers. The
emperor's faculties are partially;
paralyzed and his speech is 1m-;
paired. His power of memory Is!
fast fleeting. %
His Illness dates back to child
hood, when he was seriously 111 and
this malady recurred when he at
tained his majority. Since ?he
coronation he has gradually weak-j
ened In mind and body.
Prince Hirohito has traveled
through Europe and has assimilated
the influence of western clvillsa
His love of the dassle of uni
forms and the fleam of bayonsts
In the sun Is pointed out by ob
servers a* an indication of the pos
sibls policy hs will adopt when he
?a mikado. -
h Won't Improve His
Withhold the Promised Oati
Letters to Th
"The Germ of Democracy."
To the Editor, The Washington Herald:
The sovereignty Sf the people in
political government is the basic
truth of all democracy. The Pil
grims planted this acorn in the soil
of the new world. As they were
Congregational is ts in their religious
government therefore did not recog
nize princes or potentates. The
Puritans were of a different piece
of cloth, as their church government
wan theocratic. Here is an inter
esting citation on the Pilgrims:
'The curious searcher will
look in vain for the evidence of
their unjustly alleged bigotry
or narrow-mindedness. The
Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony
hav? had to bear for year? the
stigma and opprobrium of deeds
done by the younger, more aris
tocratic and bigoted colony
of Massachusetts Puritans of
Salem and Boston. Within a
few years the truth is being
learned, proper distinctions
made, and the memory of the
men of Plymouth justified. It
is now generally known that
the Pilgrims as distinguished
from the Puritans of Massa
chusetts were broader and more
liberal in their ideas than the
men of the latter colony ? ? ?
It was at Plymouth Roger
Williams found a temporary
asylum When driven out of Bos
ton."?"Guide to Old Plymouth."
PP. SO. SI.
Prof. L. 8. Wheeler, of Boston,
Mass.. thus epitomize* the Pilgrim
"The Pilgrims came to Massa
chusetts from Holland via Hull,
England. The Pilgrims came
over in 1620. The Pilgrims who
came in the 'Mayflower* nom
bered 100 souls. The Pilgrims
settled about Plymouth Bay.
The Pilgrims were separatists,
that Is. they withdrew from the
Church of England and estab
lished their own worship while
still in England. For this rea
son they found it nece?<lary to
seek refuge in Holland, whlrh
they did in 1608. The Pilgrims,
having themselves tasted per
secution, and having fled from
it to Holland, where they en
joyed a very large degree of re
ligious liberty, did not them
selves persecute others, nor did
they attempt to establish a
theocracy or unite church and
state In this country.
"The Puritans came to Mass
achusetts direct from England.
The Puritans came in 11530.
The Purtans coming in differ
ent vessels numbered 1,000. The
Puritans settled about Massa
chusetts Bay. The Puritans,
though protesting against the
forms and abuses of the Estab
lished Church, remained in tha^
communion until after they left
England in 1630. The Puritans,
though having experienced
some of the evils of church
and-state union in England,
clung nevertheless to the evil
principle, and, erecting on these
shores a theocratic state perse
cuted to the death all dis
Religionists who have no voice In
the government of their church,
whose church .property even is not
held by a board of tfustees. are far
removed from the devoted and
Congregationalism and democracy
JOHN N. QUINN.
Takoma Park, D. C.
Old Survey Reviewed.
To the Editor, The Wasblnfton Herald:
From a report on a survey of
Jackson City, D. C.. published In
1873 and other official sources, the
following article has been com
The land on which the "pro
posed city was to be located was
purchased from Richard B. Mason
esq., by the Jackson City Associa
tion. It Is situated In Alexandria
County, Vg., on the Virginia aide of
the Potomac River, dlroctly opposite
the City of Washington. It consists
of 573 A. O. R. S3 P.. including the
area H. I. K.. of land, divided into
two eoual portions by Gravelly of
Flat Creek. The Island formed by
Tb? k*? fO*B? tit -
?vs. I* a few J ?. g
Lavs ?ea|*4 ear *VT*?t ^
?ft?i ?et ?ajj
mm'.. ln/?rm*tiT? 41?c*s?Ua ?? ??*???
?Ml ?* ?pUl?a.
the creek and river, Is called Alex
anders or Masons Island.
The plans suggested for building
the city were as follows:
First?to build on Alexanders
"'"cind-To build on the main
land south of the Island.
Third?To build on both tne
I , aland and the main, making tne
(commercial quarters on the river
and the residence on the hit
' ground. The estimated coat of the
project was 1140.000.
Jackson City, from its position.
will posses, peculiar and important
advantage* for trade. It I. con
nected with Washington by % new
free and national bridge. Th* '
pike to Alexandria and Fairfax
County Court House rawes through
it and it Is also Inf-sected by the
roa<> from Georgetown to Alexan
drU JAMES KEATING.
Defends Traffic Bureau.
To tl?? Editor. The Wssiungtoo HetaW:
To my mind, your editorial en
titled "Avenue Traffic" Imposed a
rather unjust criticism on our
The regulation governing the
movement of vehicles In the vicin
ity of street cars la very clear ana
simple. The fact of Its providing
merely that a vehicle shall not be
operated within fifteen feet of a
stopping or standing street car un
loading or loading passengers per
mits vehicle! to pass such cara on
streets of sufficient width to Pro
vide the fifteen-foot clearance.
Unfortunately, but few of our
local drivers appear ever to have
been willing to devote a little time
and effort to a perusal of the ref
lations. and upon observing another
automobile being driven past the
point at which a street car Is load
in* or unloading many driver* Jump
to the conclusion that for ? some
reason drivers are free to pass
such car. anywhere along Pennsyl
vania avenue, for e\ample, and on
the next occasion proceed to fol
low suit, totally unacquainted with,
and without the .lightest consid
eration for. the prescribed clear
8 it is unfortunate, too. that our
Traffic Bureau la B<> limited In the
extent of It. personnel and In Its
activities that It cannot so enforce
the regulation, that all automobile
drivers would find It necessary for
their convenience to both read and
study, and. furthermore, to obey the
regulation, as they sfcnd.
I do quite a little driving around
town and my experience, lead me
to believe that many of the drivers
In the District complicate trame
movement and endanger the safety
and lives of themselves and others,
not so much through disregard of
the regulations, as because of their
haxy idea as to the actual require
In my opinion It would be more
Just, and far more effective. If. in
stead ot criticising the Traffic Bu
reau, one or more of our dally
papers, would devote a small fr?"J
page space each day to a part or
the traffic regulations, Hmiting
themselves to the portions govern
ing the movement of vehicles about
the streets, and repeating the se
ries continuously or at frequent In
tervals. Thus would the
tlons not only be brought to the at
tention of most-of the driver*, bu
also become so well known to the
people In general that m*ny of
drivers who now do . not know. o
will not heed them, would becom
wary of the constant and educated
obaervaUon of the people ln ">*
streets, and ao sprucei up to some
extent in tftelr knowledge and ob
aervatlon of the rules.
Furthermore, the knowledge of
the regulations thus 'mpo^*^
the pedestrian as well ** ?? "?e
driver would tend to '** J" j
ter co-operation through a mutua^
understanding of the rules
signals involved in the movements
of vehicles, and so tend to reduce j
the possibility of accidents. I find
that some pedestrians now know ,
the signals supposed to be given by
drivers, and upon seeing such aig-'
nals properly displayed govern their'
movements accordingly. Many of
our drivers are. however, either too j
lazy or too ignorant to give these
signals properly, and msny of the
pedestrians are entirely unacquaint
ed with them. If. then, through
proper means of dissemination,
more of otir drivers snd pedestrians'
can be apprised of the rules and
signals both groups would undoubt- '
edly And conditions far safer and
much more satisfactory.
ROBERT G. KLOTZ.
Washington, D. C.
Thankful to Herald.
To the Editor, Hie Washington Herald: j
* I wish to thank The Hersld for!
calling the attention of the traffic'
j officials of their disregard of the i
rights of pedestrians. As the first'
labvocate of rights of the public
against the reckless carelessness,
approaching criminality, practiced
by autoists when so many people
were killed or maimed, we appre
ciated The Herald's action snd felt
j that much of the good results was
I due thereto.
Now that Ths Herald has dis
covered (?) the present total disre
j gard of the rights of pedestrians,
it is hoped thst pedestrisns may get
fa better chance to cross the streets.
1 As The Hersld says, the police
i man's service is confined to vehicles
and through his anxiety to move
them along they are induced to vio
late the aP^cd regulations by rush
ing at his back across the street at
a twenty-five to forty-mile rate, ana
this without notice of pedestrians.
I am afraid to try crossing at
corners, but cross In the middle of
the block for safety, in spite of the
howl of the jsyhawker autoist
apafnst the "jaywalker"' walkist.
O. W. U WRIGHT.
Washington. D. C.
| FRENCH OFFICIAL
"I am optimistic as to the result
of ths disarmament conference at
Washington," said Admiral Grnaset,
chief of ths French naval general
staff. In ths course of an Interview.
"There have been so many con
ferences during the last few years."
he said, "that people are Inclined
to consider any new meeting of this
sort with a certain Irony, If not a
certain misapprehension. I think,
however, that the conference on dis
armament will have Important and
"First of nil. It will succeed be
cause It must succeed. The world
can no longer bear the charges re
sulting from the competition tor
armaments both on land and sea
"In addition to thla. the contin
uance of thla competition will In
evitably determine new grands of
misunderstanding among the peo
ple and eventually will cause fresh
"France will naturally support
any arrangement which would aim
at eatsbllahlng equilibrium among
the military and naval forces of Ite
different powers of the world.
"However, during the last few
years we have net started any naval
building, and therefore we ehall not
be touched by any plan concerning
the reduction of naval armaments
The maritime and naval questions
come enly second with us. We are
particularly Interested In France In
the question of land disarmament
Ws wish to est rid of oar heavy
military charges, and therefore we
desire to obtain guarantees thst
our former adversary has really dis
armed. Of course. Germany has
more or leas dlaarmed now; bat we
do not know what the Germans will
do whoa our oommlsstoas of ooatrol
leave Germany three.months hence.
"France desires to be shielded
from this danger: The Germane re
suming their military preparations
at that time."
Cham eta. Hotel Waahlagton to
(tr Morning khIto ' Commit.
U> reports: Editing. R E Doo
llttls ud R. W Balcom: quarts
plat* standardisation fnltrlek
Bales: tafitatlss teats an th*
availability of phosphoric acid la
basic alas. H. D. Haaklns; agricul
tural I ma. W. H Maclntir*:
metheds sf aoll analysts, C a
Iipman. Afternoon session Re
ports United States phsnn sco
pe la. U r. Kebler; crop protactloa
?c Institute of the National Research
Council. B U Hartwell and K J.
Patters >?: secretary-treasurer B.
W. Balcom. food definitions, Will
Geological Society a* WaiklKMs,
Cosmos Club auditor am. this
evening, S o'clock "Structural
Geolory of Wise County. Vir
ginia." by J. B. Eby: "Structure of
the Taton Coal Field. Idaho." by
0 R Mansfield. 'The Granites of
Waahlngton. d. C-." by H 8
Medical la defy of the District at
Columbia. 1711 M street, this even
In* I o'clock. Dr. Joseph Mun
dell: "Cass of Uterine Fibred.
Treated by Radium " Dr. Tom A
Williams: "Polyneuritis of Infec
tious Oriel n."
INDIAIV MUSIC RECORDED OX
PHONOGRAPH IN MOONLIGHT. ,
Recording on a modern phono
graph on a moonlight desert the
primitive songs of ap Indian cere,
mony was one of the experiences
that Miss Frances Densmore re
cslled and related at the meeting of
the AwSfc topological Soc ety yester
day afternoon at the National Mu
After telling of her early study
of Indian muaic. Miss Densmore de
scribed her recent work among the
Pawnee in Oklahoma and the Pa
gago in Southern Arlsona. The first
tribes studied ware the Chippewa
Sioux. Mandan. Hidataa. and Ute
-Widely aeparated tribes show
d fferencea In the form of their
songs, suggesting that their en
vironment affects tne musical ex
p roast on," said Miss Densmore. 'The
Papago are a quiet, gentle people
who have always lived on the low
desert Some of their oldest songs
contain a peculiar swinging rhythm
which occurs In certa.n songs thst
were recorded for me years ago by
some Arabs from the Desert of Sa
hara who were In Washington w th
a Garden of Allah troupe Th. y
came to my office at the Smlthson'sn
Institution and. after listening to
the records of Indian mus e, they
recorded the songs that they sang
as they rode across the desert on
their camels, riding all night with
loads of coffee The songs con
tained long, sustained tones and a
swaying mot on. This same quality
appears In some of the oldest Pap
ago aongs. one such song contains
the words. "White downy feathers
on the edge of the world." referring |
to the white clouds seen on the
horlroiv across the desert."
"On Christmas night 1 attended a
native dance of the Papago near the
Mexican border, traveling more than
eighty miles from town or telephone
In order to be present The Indians
were dancing by the light of the
full moon. They Bang to the ac
companiment of ratties and. what s
more primitive, they marked the
time by stamping their feet A por
tion of the aong was tn three parts,
the men and women singing an
j'octaVe apart and one or two women
holding, for a short time a high
: drone tone above the melody, de
acending until they Joined the voices
j of the other women. This repre
sents a form of Ind an singing
; which has not previously been ob
"While studying the music of the
T'awnee I attended the Morning Star
! ceremony and was permitted to see
| the contents of the Morning Star
, bundle which is opened ceremonially
once a yes r
"The Utes offered a novelty In the
! form of stories told In a sort of
T endless melody The singer seenyd
1 to improvise, using a few phrases
Ins variety of ways, with mnnect
lng tones The rhythm was charac
teristic of the subject, the story of
the hear being sung In * heavy,
rather clumsy rhythm, while the
song of the story of the prslrle dogs
[was lively and In rapid temoo i
"An Important snd Interesting de
. velopment conalsts In the tone
photographs of portions of the l"te
;'songs which were made by Dr Psv-r
i*ton C Miller, head of the depsrt
! ment of phys cs In the Case School
| of Applied Science at Cleveland
,|OMo For this purpose Pr M'ller
1 used a phonodelk. mm instrument
I his own Invention The photogrsrhs
j show th* wide vibration of sound In
i Indian singing snd slso demon?i-?"
' In a graphic manner the !*<?* "
' co neidence between the voice snd
1 dmm "
DEATH IN IS JO.
The Census Buraau's annual re
port on mortality atatistlcs. whlcs
will be Issued rhortly. shows th"
I 14} 578 deaths occurred In 1'^
within the death registration sr?a
of continental United States Th*
equals a death rave of U.1 per1.""
population aa compared will - ?
1?1?. which was tne lowr" ra'r **?
corded In any year s nee the rrg^
tration area was estat.l she. n , *?*
The death registration area in
comprised thirty-four States
District of Oolumbla and sixt??
registration cities la nonreglstrst m
states, with a total estimated popr
latlon on July 1. of I7.4tt.711 or IJ
per cant of the estimated nopulatim
of the United Statea.
The death rate from pneumon?
Increased from ltl.1 per loo.joo ?
J?l?. to 117.1 In 1M0 T?r ckronl*
dlaeases of the heart the rate !?
creased from 111 ? to 141 ?: for/"'
cer. from M S to *1 8cm. of the
other d seaaes for which the rat*
Increased are whopping com"
manatee, cerebral hemorrhage, con
genital debility and malformations
puerperal fever, ecarlet fever, and
appendicitis The fatalities
by automobile accidents and
show an lncreaae from ?.? per
?M la 1?1? to ?? . , f
A marked decreaae Is shown
the death rate from tuberculosa.
which waa 111) ta 1?1? as com
pared with 11* t m I tit; aleo ?? '??[?
death rate from Influeaaa, M J ?
l?l? as agRlnat ??.? the .
The death rate from ealc'de decllnea
m 1U ?a Itlt to l?.l la 1M*.
re was a decline alee In th* rate
typhoid fever and la that far aa
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